P. 1
Quantum Computing

# Quantum Computing

|Views: 37|Likes:

See more
See less

10/30/2012

pdf

text

original

# QUANTUM COMPUTING

Institute Of Engineering & Management
(CSE 3rd year 2008-12 batch)

Submitted toMr. D.P.S. Rathor

Submitted bySudhir singh patel Dinanath vishnoi

QUANTUM COMPUTING
A Vision Of Next Generation Computer¶s««.. Computer¶s««..

OUTLINES
A brief Introduction of Quantum computing development«  Quantum computing.  Bits versus qubit.  Quantum computer  Some practical examples.  Limitations of quantum computing. 

INTRODUCTION
The approach of quantum computing was developed in the University of Bristol by an international research group of scientists. Quantum computing could soon be used to perform complex calculations that can not done by today¶s computers.

QUANTUM COMPUTING
This is able to solving more complex calculations and simulation problem.  Quantum computing uses quantum particles to solve problems.  quantum properties can be used to represent data and perform operation on these data. 

DATA REPRESENTATION
Quantum computing supports data representation by qubit o Physical states of qubit areo
Excite d State Light pulse of frequency P for time interval t

Groun d State

Nucleu s Electr on

State |0>

State |1>

DATA REPRESENTATION 

Quantum properties-

Superposition

Entanglement

State |0>

State |0> + |1>

QUANTUM BITS
1.

2.

3.

4.

Quantum bit or qubit is a basic unit of quantum information . These are analogue of the classical bit. qubits are conventionally written as |0> and |1> (pronounced "ket 0" and "ket 1"). A single qubit represent two states 0 or 1 in general n qubits make 2n different states.

QUANTUM BITS
The

states in which a qubit may be measured are known as basis states (or vectors) Quantum bit are also represented as Bloch
sphere .

QUBIT MATHEMATICALLY  

General state of a qubit:
the probability of outcome is | | 2 and the probability of outcome is | | 2.

Here and are complex number and represent probability amplitudes. Hence total is 1.  n qubits are described by 2n complex numbers. and operations are described by 2n ×2n matrix. 

QUBIT VERSUS BIT
1.

2.

3.

A bit is a basic unit of computer information. And understood to either 0 or 1. also known as ³off´ and ³on´ position. A qubit is similar to classical bit its also has two possibilities 0 and 1. But a bit must be only 0 or 1, but a qubit can be 0,1 or superposition of 0 and 1.

QUANTUM COMPUTER 
The

father of quantum computer DEVID DEUTSCH.  Quantum computer is a machine use for quantum computing.  It has the potential to perform certain calculations significantly faster than any silicon-based computer.  Quantum computer is based on quantum turing theory

HARDWARE
DESCRIPTION

QUANTUM COMPUTER
Future computer would look like this«

Fig: a proposed model of quantum computer

FEATURES AND
WORKING EXAMPLES 
Quantum

computer is much faster than classical computer.  This computer can solve very complex calculations and simulations.  Quantum computer can solve SHOR¶S algorithm.  Quantum computers would be able to solve NP-complete problems efficiently.

USES IN ALL FIELDS
1.

2.

3. 4.

Quantum computer can be used in area of finance. It can be used to solving complex Mathematical problems. Military uses of quantum computer. Google image search.

LIMITATIONS
There are several limitations of quantum computing - Although a qubit can hold many possible values but only one classical result can be obtained from every run,  hence the output is probabilistic.  Repeated runs may be necessary to obtain the desired result.  The computation must be reversible.  It is impossible to copy qubits (no-cloning theorem). 

Thank u !
-Presented by.
Sudhir singh patel (0828910031) Dinanath vishnoi (0828910007)

scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->