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An Embedded Systems and Rfid Solution for Transport Related Issues Ppt

An Embedded Systems and Rfid Solution for Transport Related Issues Ppt

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Published by: balu54 on May 01, 2011
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11/06/2012

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AN EMBEDDED SYSTEM AND RFID SOLUTION FOR TRANSPORT RELATED ISSUES

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF Mr.M.Srinivasa Rao Assistant Professor Project coordinator Mr.M.V.Maheswara reddy Associate professor

Introduction
y Most of the times we may not able to find accidents

because we don¶t know when accident will happen, in order to give treatment for injured people first we need to know that accident indication by sending to your related one when your there inside of vehicle.

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Main Objetive
y ACCIDENT INDICATION y LICENSE MANAGEMENT

BLOCK DIAGRAM
M O B II I L E

POWER SUPPLY

LCD M A X 2 3 2 MICRO CONTROLLER

GSM MODEM

Sensors

RFID reader

RFID TAG

Microcontroller (AT 89s52)
Features y 8K Bytes of Re-programmable Flash Memory. y RAM is 256 bytes. y Watchdog timer y Eight Interrupt Sources. y Full Duplex UART Serial Channel. y 32 Programmable I/O Lines. y Three 16-bit Timer/Counters. y Power-down Modes.

y Atmel AT89s52 is a powerful microcomputer, which is a

highly flexible and cost-effective .
y In Idle Mode stops the CPU while allowing the RAM,

timer/counters, serial port and interrupt system to continue functioning.
y In power-down mode saves the RAM contents

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Power supply

7

Liquid crystal display
y The accident indication and license management will

Be displayed on lcd
y The LCD requires 3 control lines (RS, R/W & EN) and 8

data lines

8

Max 232
‡The MAX232 is an integrated circuit that converts signals from an RS-232 serial port to signals suitable for use in TTL compatible digital logic circuits ‡A standard serial interfacing for PC, RS232C, requires negative logic, i.e., logic '1' is -3V to -12V and logic '0' is +3V to +12V. To convert a TTL logic, say, TxD and RxD pins of the uC chips, thus need a converter chip.

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GSM
y GSM (Global System for Mobile communications),

digital cellular technology used for transmitting mobile voice and data services.
y GSM uses TDMA, which allows eight simultaneous

calls on the same radio frequency.
y It operates at either the 900 MHz or 1,800 MHz

frequency band.
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y A GSM modem requires a SIM

card from a wireless carrier in order to operate. y GSM modems support a common set of standard AT commands. y Reading, writing and deleting SMS messages. y Sending SMS messages. y Monitoring the signal strength. y Monitoring the charging status and charge level of the battery. y Reading, writing and searching phone book entries.

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Concept of Sms technology
1. Validity Period of an SMS Message 2. Message Status Reports 3. Message Submission Reports 4. Message Delivery Reports

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Accident indication
M O B II I L E

POWER SUPPLY

LCD M A X 2 3 2 MICRO CONTROLLER Sensors

GSM MODEM

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When accident occurs the Toggle switch sensor which Is placed inside the car used To detect accident

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GSM modem sending sms

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RFID(RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION)
y RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION uses a

semiconductor (micro-chip) in a tag or label to transmit stored data when the tag or label is exposed to radio waves of the correct frequency.

Active vs. Passive Antenna
Antenna
Active 
battery-assisted and true active

Passive 
Powered by energy from reader 

Requires less power from reader Requires higher power from reader

WHAT HAPPENS TO DATA
RF Energy Field

Receiver
RFID Memory

100 KHz to 500 KHz

Transmitter
TAG

Micro controller

LCD

What Advantages Are There For RFID?
y Non-Line-of-sight nature y Tags can be read through substances y Snow y Fog y Ice y Paint y Crusted grime

Application
y Potential tracking of inventory on retail shelves and

more efficient re-stocking y Automated reading and receipt of goods at dock door y More reliable tracking of airline baggage y Toll gate management

License management

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Future scope
y Parking slot management y Toll gate management y Yard management

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Conclusion
By using GSM technology we can detect accident and using RFID we can reduce the accidents

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THANK YOU
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