SERVICE MANUAL

Briggs & Stratton

BRIGGS & STRATTON
BRIGGS & STRATTON CORPORATION Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201 No. Cyls. 1 1 Power Rating 7.25 hp. (5.5 kW) 8hp. (6kW) Model 19, 19D, 191000, 193000
200000 23,23A, 23C, 23D, 23100, 233000 243000 300000, 301000 302000 320000 325000 326000

Bore 3 in. (76.2 mm) 3 in. (76,2 mm)

Stroke 2.625 in. (66,675 mm) 2.875 in. (73.025 mm)

Displacement 18.56 cu. in. (304.1 cc) 20.32 cu. in. (333 cc)

3 in. (76.2 mm) 3.0625 in. (77.79 mm) 3,4375 in, (87.31 mm) 3,4375 in, (87.31 mm) 3.5625 in. (90.5 mm) 3.5625 in. (90.5 mm) 3.5625 in. (90.5 mm)

3.25 in. (82.55 mm) 3,25 in. (82,55 mm) 3,25 in. (82,55 mm) 3,25 in, (82.55 mm) 3.25 in. (82.55 mm) 3.25 in. (82,55 mm) 3,25 in. (82,55 mm)

22.97 cu. in (376.5 cc) 23.94 cu. in. (392.3 cc) 30.16 cu. in. (494.2 cc) 30.16 cu. in, (494,2 cc) 32.4 cu. in. (531 cc) 32.4 cu. in. (531 cc) 32.4 cu. in. (531 cc)

9 hp. (6.7 kW) 10 hp. (7.5 kW) 12 hp. (9kW) 13 hp, (9.7 kW) 14 hp. (10.4 kW) 15 hp. (11.2 kW) 16 hp. (11.9 kW)

Engines in this section are four-cycle, one cylinder horizontal crankshaft models. Crankshaft is supported at each end in bushing type main bearings which are an integral part of main bearing support plate or by ball bearings which are pressed onto crankshaft and fit into machined bores of main bearing support plates. Cylinder block and crankcase are a single cast iron casting. Connecting rod in all models rides directly on crankpin joumal and is splash lubricated by an oil dipper attached to connecting rod cap. Early models use a variety of magneto ignition systems with points and condenser either mounted externally or underneath flywheel. Late production models use Briggs & Stratton Magnetron breakerless ignition system. A float type carburetor is used on all models and a fuel pump is available as optional equipment for some models. Refer to BRIGGS & STRATTON ENGINE IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION section for engine identification and always give engine model and serial number when ordering parts or service material. MAINTENANCE

plug is Champion J8 or equivalent. To decrease radio interference use Champion XJ8 or equivalent spark plug. Electrode gap for all models is 0.030 inch (0.762 mm). CARBURETOR. All models are equipped With a two-piece float type carburetor. Refer to Fig, B30 for a crosssectional view of carburetor and location of mixture adjustment screws. For initial carburetor adjustment, open idle mixture screw 1 turn and main fuel mixture screw IV2 turns. Make final adjustment with engine at normal operating temperature and run-

ning. Place engine under load and adjust main fuel mixture screw for leanest mixture that will allow satisfactory acceleration and steady governor operation. Set engine idle mixture screw to obtain smoothest idle operation. As each adjustment affects the other, adjustment procedure may have to be repeated. To check float level for all models, invert carburetor body and float assembly. Refer to Fig. B34 for proper float level dimensions. Adjust by bending float lever tang that contacts inlet valve. Check carburetor for upper body warpage using a 0.002 inch (0.0508 mm)

-THttOTTLf VALVE

Fig. B30'-Cross-sectional view of typicai two-piece fioat type carburetor. Before separating upper and lower carburetor bodies, loosen packing nut and unscrew needle valve and pecking nut. Use speciai screwdriver, part number 19062 to remove nozzle.

PUtL IHLET

NCEOCE

SPARK PLUG. Recommended spark
Illustrations courtesy of Briggs & Stratton Corp.

VALVE

273

FUEL PUMP.18 mm) and tighten lever set screw. hold choke shaft so thermostat lever is free. Slide crank out of bushing towards inside of engine. Governor gear and weight unit can be removed when engine is disassembled. loosen stop screw. B62.25 mm). Governor gear and weight unit will then slide off of shaft. Tighten screw holding governor lever to crank until it is snug. Refer to SERVICIMJ BRIGGS & STRATTON ACCESSORIES section for service information. renew upper body. 83t — Typical SAS automatic choke unit in ''HOT" position. Manually open choke valve until it stops against top of choke link opening. B31) on thermostat lever. For views showing remote throttle controis. Moving controi iever wiii vary governor spring tension.239 inch (6. Slide lever on shaft to insure free movement of choke unit. B35 through B38 for governor control and carburetor linkage hook-up and adjustments.0508 mm) it should be renewed. Renew bushing in crankcase for governor crank if bushing is worn and ream new bushing. B34~ Check carburetor float setting as shown. stat operated choke is used on some models. To adjust governor. loosen screv^ holding governor lever to governor crank (46-Fig. move shaft lever until choke is open exactly Vs-inch (3. Remove governor lever. after installation. B31 & B32). B62. B36. B32—Typical B^S automatic choke in "COLD'' position. Shaft can be removed from crankcase if necessary. COUITCI CLOCniSC Fig. B33.06-6. tmn fAifC !/•' fPfi V + 1" X-32 Fig. At room temperature. refer to Fig. to 0. stop screw in thermostat collar should be located midway between thermostat stops (Fig.002 inch (0.07 mm). Hold choke valve in wide open position and GOVERNOR. Fig. At this time choke should be open at least 3/32-inch (2. cotter pin and washer from outer end of governor crank. Fig. but not tight.2385-0. Turn thermostat shaft clockwise until stop screw contacts thermostat stop. feeler gage as shown in Fig.Briggs & Stratton GENERATOR check position of counterweight lever. If not. B33 — Check carburetor upper body for warpage. Push governor lever as far clockwise as it will go. Refer to Figs. A thermo Fig. Refer to Fig. 274 Illustrations courtesy of Briggs & Stratton Corp- . Bm or B64 for appropriate exploded view of model being serviced. If upper body is warped more than 0. thus varying engine governed speeds. To adjust choke linkage. B3S-Views showing method of connecting different remote governor controis. Bend tang if necessary to adjust fioat level.002 Inch (0. but not more than 5/32-inch (4 mm). Push governor lever as far counter-clockwise as it will go and tighten screw securely. If a 0. While holding shaft in this position. Loosen set screw (S-Fig. All models are equipped with a gear driven mechanical governor. A diaphragm type fued pump is available on some models as optional equipment. Turn thermostat shaft counter-clockwise until stop screw contacts thermostat stop as shown in Fig. Lever should be in a horizontal position with free end towards right. B63 or B64). adjust collar and tighten stop screw.0S08 mm) feeier gage can be inserted between upper and iower bodies as shown. AUTOMATIC CHOKE. B32. Governor weight unit is enclosed within engine and is driven by camshaft gear.

Fig. then remove breaker arm. 301000. turn engine so breaker point gap is at maximum. Refer to Fig. install unit with edges of plates parallel with breaker box as shown in Fig.24 from bore in crankshaft bearing support mfd. Refer to Fig. B40).24 box cover (18-Fig. Fig. Refer to appropriate paragraph for model being serviced. Disengage clips (8-Fig.5588-0. Tap loosened nut lightly to free breaker arm (21) from taper on shaft. Breaker point gap is 0. Condenser and breaker points are crankshaft bearing support plate (17) and are accessible after removing fly.020 inch (0. To install bushing.35 mm) or more. drive bushing in flush with outer end of plunger bore with B&S driver.18-0. If gage enters plunger bore V4-inch (6. Breaker point plunger can be removed mm) and condenser capacity is 0. oil leak is noted. 301000. Condenser SPEED ADI. Plunger bore diameter may be checked using B&S plunger bore gage. engine flywheel must be removed. 23 & 23A AND SERIES 191000 & 231000 MAGNETO. Disassembly of unit is evident after removal from engine. DO NOT substitute a steel key.020 inch (0. Early models use a variety of magneto type ignition systems and late production models use Briggs & Stratton Magnetron ignition system. B40) retaining coil core (9) to armature (14) and push 32S0O0 and 328000 series engines. 302000. Moving control lever to slow speed position moves carburetor throttie shaft stop to decrease engine speed. springs and levers properly instaiied on 243000. Turn breaker shaft clockwise as far as possible and install breaker arm while holding shaft in this position. Breaker box can be removed without removing points or condenser. After flywheel is installed and retaining nut tightened. NOTE: Renew key with correct B&S part. NUTS Fig. part number 19058. Disconnect coil ground and primary wires and pull spark plug wire from hole in back plate. To renew points and/or seal. B37— View showing governor linkage. 275 . When reinstalling flywheel. install service bushing. 320000. part number 19055. 320000. B41. To renew ignition coil. then ream bore using B&S reamer. 300000. remove bearing support from engine. When renewing breaker points.026 inch (0. pivot (23).098 mm) or less.508 are accessible after removing breaker mm) and condenser capacity is 0. or if when breaker points are removed. 325000 and 328000 series engines. MODELS 19. B36-Views showing methods of connecting remote throttie controis. Illustrations courtesy of Briggs & Stratton Corp. part number 19056. 302000. B42.18-0. B40 for exploded view of and breaker points are mounted on magneto used on these models.6604 mm).022-0. check armature air gap and adjust as necessary to 0. Refer to Fig. breaker shaft oil seal (16) should be renewed.mounted externally in a breaker box located on carburetor side of engine and wheel and magneto cover (7). insulating plate (24) and eccentric (17). B38 for remote control hook-up. When controi iever is in high speed position. IGNITION SYSTEM. 300000. part number 23513. to finish ream inside of bushing. Refer to Fig. inspect the soft metal key and renew if damaged in any way. MODEL 23C MAGNETO. Pry oil seal out and press new oil seal in with metal side out. Place breaker plate on insulating plate with dowel on breaker plate entering hole in insulator.870 inch (22. breaker plate (22).SERVICE MANUAL Briggs & Stratton Plunger should be renewed if worn to a length of 0. Then. B38—Remote governor control installation on 243000.508 mfd. B39 for exploded view of magneto used on 23C model engine. Remove terminal and breaker spring screws and loosen breaker arm retaining nut (19) so it is flush with end of shaft (29). governor controis speed of engine and governed speed Is adjusted by turning thumb nut. Breaker point gap is 0. part number 19057 and use B&S reamer.

Two different methods of attaching magneto rotor (5) to engine crankshaft have been used. 10 Fig. 5. B47. 6. If rotor is as shown in Fig. magneto rotor ist • fastened to crankshaft by a S9t screw which enters hoie in shaft. however. Reinstall core retaining clips. If armature coil has been loosened or removed. Refer to Figs. 4. Points are actuated by piunger (i3) which rides against breaker cam machined on engine crankshaft. rotor timing must be read^ «— PARALLEL 15 16 1 2 3 7 1. Fiywheei is not keyed to crankshaft and may be instailed in any position. 25. 28. 10. B44. 26. B45 when installing rotor on crankshaft. 17. 2. 2. B43 for view of rotor retained by set screw and to Fig. 13. B42. 16.To remove breaker box on f9. 7. 27. 4. 21. connect coil ground and primary wires and insert spark plug wire through hole in back plate. 23 and 23A modeis and T9T000 and 23i000 series engines. Insert core in new coil with rounded side of core towards spark plug wire. U. SET SCREW Fig. 8. Illustrations courtesy of Briggs & Stratton Corp. 11. B43 and B44. 9 . B44 aiso. Breaker cover Spark plug wire Breaker point base Breaker point arm Breaker spring Coil & armature Fig. 18. 5. Pivot Insulator Condenser Seal retainer Breaker IKIX Gasket Shaft Fig. See Fig. 1<). 12. 6.23 and 23A models and i9i000 and 231000 series engines. 22. 3. on crank start modeis. 18. Shaft seal Eccentric Breaker IK)X c{)ver Nut Washer Breaker ^K)int arm Breaker iH>int Inise 23. GENERATOR Two types of magnetic rotors have been used. fiywheei shouid be instaiied as shown in Fig. B40-Exploded view of magneto ignition system used on 19. Piace sides of base and insuiating piate paraiiei with edge of breaker box. 23 and 23A modeis and i9i000 and 231000 series engines it is not necessary to remove points and condenser as unit may be removed as an assembly. B48. 20. B4i — When instaiiing breaker points on 79. ROTOR KEY Coil core Back plate Bearing support Shim gasket Rotor key Armature Primary coil knid 16. 14. B39-Expioded view of magneto ignition system used on 23C modei engines.Briggs & Stratton core from coil. 14. Breaker arm (2i) is mounted on shaft (29) which Is actuated by a csm on engine cam gear. Plunger Armature support Back plate Shim gasket Bearing supfx)rt Condenser Fig. 15. Breaker points and condenser are mounted on bearing support (i7) and are endosed by cover (7) and fiywheei. 276 . 10. 29. B43 — On some modeis. B44 for rotor retained by clamp ring. be sure dowei on breaker point base enters hoie in insuiator. 24. 9. 1. Refer to Fig. Flywheel nut Nut retainer Starter pulley Blower housing Flywheel key Flywheel 7. 11 18 17 13. Refer to Fig. 12. refer to Fig. Place coil and core on armature with retainer (7) between coil and armature. 15. Starter pulley Blower housing Flywheel Rotor clamp Magneto rotor Ignition coil Coil clip 9. 3. 17. Set screw is iocked inplace by a second screw.

B45-Modeis having magneto rotor clamped to crankshaft. 1. Breaker point gap is 0. B49). connect a static timing light from breaker point terminal to ground (coil primary wire must be disconnected) and turn engine in normal direction of rotation until light goes on. then tighten clamping screw. Installation of new breaker points is made easier by turning engine so points are open to their widest gap before removing old points. MODELS 19D & 23D MAGNETO. On models not having a crank starter. or cam gear is removed. If not. B49 for exploded view of magneto system. position rotor 0. . engine model number on magneto rotor should be aligned with arrow on armature as shown in Fig. B50. 2. For method of adjusting breaker point gap. Refer to Fig. B50. Bearing support 18. check action of advance spring and centrifugal weight unit by holding cam gear in position shown and pressing weight down. Flywhee nut Nutj^tainer Starter pulley Blower housing ^^ l ^ lY*""^ Flywheel key 7. 15. align model number iine on rotor with arrow on armature by rotating armature in slotted mounting holes. ^2. i 1 2 A 3 A 15 16 17 13 :• 8 9 10 il 12 Fig. With point gap adjusted to 0.020 inch (0. Magneto rotor (flywheei) to armature timing is adjustabie as shown in Figs. Back plate 17. Armature mounting bracket 16. ^ ^ . g. B51 and B52. 845. Adjust breaker points as in Fig. loosen armature core retaining cap screws and turn armature in slotted FEELER CAUCE lELER CAUCE screws. 10. When weight is released. Refer to text. Coil & armature assy. To install flywheel on models with crank starter. B48). B47.On f 9. Flywheel Breaker box cover Gasket Condenser Breaker points Breaker spring Lock nut 14.24 mfd. Tighten armature mounting on crankshaft as shown In Fig.020 inch (0. 9. Then.18-0. Illustrations courtesy of Briggs & Stratton Corp. 4.23 and23A models and i9i000 and 23i000 series engines. Fig. At this time. When engine is being overhauled. apply Permatex or equivalent sealer to retaining screw threads to prevent engine oii from leaking into breaicer box. NOTE: When installing points. justed. mount flywheel with pin in position shown with armature timing marks aligned. spring should return weight to its original position. 13. Magneto breaker points are actuated by a cam on a centrifugal weight mounted on engine camshaft (Fig. a 6. Shim gasket 277 .SERVICE MANUAL \CLAMP WITH CLAMP SCREW . B46-With engine turned so breaker points are just starting to open. Make certain spUt in mounting holes so arrow is aligned with clamp is t>etween two slots in rotor as shown and check ciearance between rotor and shoulder appropriate engine model number on rotor. B47 with magneto timing marks aligned as in previous paragraph. U Fig. flywheel may be installed in any position. Condenser and breaker points are mounted externally in a breaker box located on carburetor side of engine and are accessible after removing cover (8-Fig.635 mm) from shouider on shaft. ANO LOCK WASHER Briggs & Stratton KEY Fig. Ffg.23 and 23A modeis and i9iOOO and 23i000 series engines equipped with crank starter. n. refer to Fig. If weight does not return to its original position. Fig.025 inch (0. place flywheel on crankshaft as shown in Fig. B48-Check timing advance weight and spring on 19. 3. B44-View showing magneto rotor fastened to crankshaft with ciamp.508 mm). B46. check weight for binding and renew spring. turn engine very slowly in same direction until light just goes out (breaker points start to open). B49-Exploded view of magneto ignition system used on I9D and 23D models.508 mm) and condenser capacity is 0.

turn flywheel back slightly in counter-clockwise direction so edge of flywheel insert lines up with edge of armature as shown in Fig. while making sure engine crankshaft does not turn.508 mm) and condenser capacity is 0.6604 mm). Magneto armature and ignition coil are mounted outside engine flywheel. 54 for exploded view of magneto system. Disconnect magneto primary wire and connect test light across breaker points. Fig. 243000.-lbs. 302000. With point gap adjusted to 0. 302000.Briggs & Stratton Breaker points are actuated by a plunger that rides against breaker cam on engine cam gear. 10. 855 and B56.5588-0. Refer to text and Figs. SERIES 193000. 9. 1. 200000. . 233000. magneto edge gap (armature timing) must be adjusted. Readjust armature air gap as necessary. 320000. 233iHiO and 243000 series magneto ignition system. 320000.On aii modeis equipped with this type of breaker points.508 mm) gap. Back plate 17. 3. 11. Refer aiso to Figs. 301000.18-0. (149-160 N-m) torque for 19D model and to 138-150 ft. Refer to Fig.24 mfd. Plunger and plunger bushing in crankcase are renewable after removing cam gear and breaker points.026 inch (0.-lbs. 278 Illustrations courtesy of Briggs & Stratton Coip. B53. Refer to text and Figs. Flywheei is then iocked into proper position by tightening key screw and flywheel retaining nut. 4. i25000 and 326000 series is simiiar. Installation of new breaker points is made easier by turning engine so points TURN BREAKER POINT SCREW CLCXKWISE TO INCREASE GAP WASHER FLYWHEEL INSERT GENERATOR Fig. magneto timing is adjusted by repositioning fiywheel on crankshaft. Flywheel nut Nut retainer Starter pulley Blower housing Flywheel key Flywheel 8. 2. 12. B52. Breaker point gap is 0. Then. . B54-Expioded view of i93000. Bearing support 18. Turn engine siowiy untii breaker points are just starting to open. Position of armature is adjustabie to time armature with magnsto rotor (flywheel) by moving armature mounting bracket (15) on slotted mounting holeti. Coil & armature assy. install flywheel key leaving retaining cap screw loose. B52 and B53.020 inch (0. Magneto used on 300000. 200000. 13. If flywheel has been removed. ioosen iock nut and turn adjusting screw to obtain 0. Tighten flywheel key screw.301000. 6. 300000.508 mm) and flywheel loosely installed on crankshaft. then tighten flywheel retaining nut to 110-118 ft. Condenser and breaker points are mounted externally in a breaker box located on carburetor side of engine and are accessible after removing cover (8-Fig. Shim gasket Fig. (187-203 N-m) torque on 23D model. Now. Turn flywheel in clockwise direction until breaker points just start to open (timing light goes out). Breaker box cover Gasket Condenser Breaker points Breaker spring Lock nut 14.020 inch (0. B53-Turn fiywheei counter-clockwise on crankshaft until edge of flywheei insert is aiigned with edge of armature as shown in insert. tighten fiywheei key screw and retaining nut.022-0. 15. B50.020" GAP 6 8 9 10 11 12 CONDENSER Fig. B51 and B5X Fig. 325000 & 326000 MAGNETO. Armature mounting bracket 16. Adjust armature air gap to 0. 7. B54). B5i-0n i9D and 23p modeis.Turning engine in normai direction of rotation with flywheel and flywheei key ioose.020 inch (0.

243000. B57B).010-0. For method of adjusting breaker point gap. ARMATURE MOUNTING BRACKET Fig. 200000. Refer to text for procedure.014 inch (0. 233000. 279 . 301000. If spark jumps the 0. Refer to Fig. See Fig.014" AIR GAP ALIGNMENT ARROWS Fig. remove flywheel and shift bracket on slotted mounting holes (Fig. 302000. B50. If flywheel has been removed. To remove armature and Magnetron module. With point gap ad- justed to 0. B62. 243000. push module retainer away from laminations and push module off. Readjust armature air gap as necessary. At this time. mark position of bracket. (187-203 N-m) torque on all remaining models. B55). install armature bracket so mounting screws are centered in slots (Fig. If not. Breaker points are actuated by a plunger that rides against breaker cam on engine cam gear. 300000. B57~ After mounting bracket is properly instaiied (Fig.508 mm) and armature ignition coil assembly removed from bracket connect a test light across breaker points. time magneto by aiigning armature core support so arrow on support is aiigned with arrow on flywheel when breaker points are just starting to open.020 inch (0. Reinstall flywheel. B62) and plunger bushing (PB) are renewable after removing engine cam gear and breaker points. To remove module. 325000 and 326000 series engines. NOTE: When installing points. 301000. To check spark.254-0. part number 19051 and ground remaining tester lead to engine cylinder head. BBS-On 193000. B57A. 302000. 325000 and 326000 series engines breaker plunger and plunger bushing are similar to those shown in Fig.SERVICE MANUAL Briggs & Stratton ARMATURE Fig. 320000. Resolder wires for reinstallation and use Permatex or equivalent gasket sealer to hold ground wires in position.010-0. unsolder wires. B55 aiso. 200000.3556 mm). 301000. appiy Permatex or equivaient sealer to retaining screw threads to prevent engine oii from ieaking into breaicer box. B57A-Wires must be unsoidered to remove Magnetron module.014 inch (0. MAGNETRON IGNITION.. 233000. install armature bracket as far to left as possible (Fig. Magnetron ignition is a self-contained breakerless ignition system. MOUNTING SCREWS Fig. remove spark plug and connect spark plug cable to B&S tester.-lbs.25-0. B56) to bring arrows into alignment. 325000 and 32$000 series. (149-160 N-m) torque on 193000 and 200000 series engines and 138-150 ft. 302000. B56k Install armature and coii assembiy so there is a 0. 320000.010" . Magneto armature and ignition coil are mounted outside engine flywheel. Use a 3/16-inch diameter pin punch to release stop switch wire from module. Disconnect coil primary wire and slowly turn flywheel in a clockwise direction until light just goes out (breaker points start to open). 300000. arrow on flywheel should be exactly aligned with arrow on armature mounting bracket (Fig. magneto edge gap (armature timing) must be adjusted. are open to their widest gap before removing old points. B57B). Adjust armature air gap to 0.35S6 mm} air gap between armature and fiywheei. To set timing for gasoline fuel operation. 320000. To set timing for kerosene fuel operation. system is functioning properly.014 inch (0. Flywheel does not need to be removed except to change timing by moving armature bracket or to service crankshaft key or keyway. Spin engine at 350 rpm or more. Plunger (43-Fig. remove flywheel shroud and armature retaining screws. refer to Fig. Adjust a r m a t u r e air gap to 0.254-0. make certain arrows are aligned and tighten flywheel nut to 110-118 ft. BS$~Vi0w with fiywheei removed on 193000. MOUNTING BRACKET .36 mm).-lbs. On 300000.166 inch (4.2 mm) tester gap. Magneto Is timed by shifting armature mounting bracket on siotted mounting holes. Illustrations courtesy of Briggs & Stratton Corp.010-0.

23C. Use SAE lOW-40 oil for temperatures above 20*^ F (-7° C) and SAE 5W-30 oil for temperatures below 20° F (-7° C). Start and run engine until normal operating temperature is reached.43 mm) (17. MOUNTING SCREWS TO FAR LEFT" LUBRICATION. Crankcase oil capacity for 18.20 mm) (18.674 in. 302000. 0. install in correct locations and tighten in several even steps in sequence shown in Fig. DO NOT overfill. (22 N*m) torque.674 in. notch on top of piston and letter "F" on side of piston must be on the same side as assembly marks on connecting rod Illustrations courtesy of Briggs & Stratton Corp.12 mm) 23. B57B-Upper view shows position of armature bracket for gasoline fuels and iower view shows position of armature bracket for kerosene fuels for correct ignition timing.802 in. Connecting rod and piston are removed from cylindei:* head end of block as an assembly. (28. (22 N-m) torque.0381 mm). 320000. Recommended oil change interval for all models is every 25 hours of normal operation. Rod should b<? renewed if crankpin bore is scored or out-of-round more than 0. CONNECTING ROD. Fig.4 L) and crankcase oil capacity for all remaining models is 4 pints (1. 0.0045 inch (0.314 in. (25. When removing cylinder head note location from which different cap screws are removed as they must be reinstalled in their original positions.0127-0.12 mm) 1. 0.0015 inch (0.005 inch (0. Check oil level at five hour intervals and maintain at bottom edge of filler plug.0127 mm). All models are splash lubricated by an oil dipper attached to connecting rod. Refer to text for tightening procedure. Lubricate cylinder head bolt threads with graphite grease. Connecting rod running clearance to crankpin is 0.56 and 20.63 mm) (17. B59—Drawing of iower end of connecting rod showing ciearance fiat and assembly marks. REJECT SIZES FOR CONNECTING ROD Crankpin Model bore Pin bore* 19. On 300000.12 mm) 200000 1.9 L). B58-View of two different cylinder heads used. 0. 23A. 23D.674 in.0005-0.69 mm) 240000 1. Oils approved by manufacturer must meet requirements of API service classification SE or SF. stop engine and retighten head bolts as outlined.0015-0. Aluminum alloy connecting rod rides directly on induction hardened crankshaft crankpin journal. B58 according to type head used. (33.0005 inch (0. 325000 or 326000 series engines. 300000. or whenever cylinder head is removed.lbs.314 in.37 mm) *Piston pins of 0. REPAIRS CYLINDER HEAD.0007 inch (0. 320000 Fig.127 mm) oversize are available for service.0178 mm) or if piston pin bore is scored or out-of-round more than 0.32 cubic inch models is 3 pints (1. (30. 230000 1. 0. Tighten cylinder head cap screws in sequence shown to 190 in.38 mm) (17.38 mm) (20. (33. 19D 190000 1.189 in. Do not use sealer on gasket.1143 mm) and piston pin to rod pin bore clearance is 0.Briggs & Stratton IGNITION ARMATURE WITH MAGNETRON" MOOULE ASSEMBLY GENERATOR ^ CAM GEAR SIDE FLAT MOUNTING SCREWS "CENTERED" IGNITION ARMATURE WITH "MAGNETRON" MOOULE ASSEMBLY Fig.736 in. Always use a new gasket when reinstalling cylinder head.001 in. 280 . Tighten cap screws to 190 in. Piston pin bore in rod can be reamed to this size if crankpin Jbore is within specification. It is recommended carbon and leaci deposits be removed at 100 to 300 hour intervals.127 in. 301000.03810.-lbs.

35 mm) Renew piston pin if pin is 0. Valves 37. Piston pin 58. 20. Valve spring washers 38. 27.75 mm). 302000.-lbs. Tighten connecting rod cap screws on all models to 190 in. Rod bolt lock 55. 320000. 233000 300000. Governor link 49. 193000. Governor control rod 48. 191000. Pistons used in 300000. 23C.178 mm) or if piston is visibly scored or damaged. Valve springs 39. B60) which 21 20 19 Engine crankcase & cylinder block 28.002"-. Breaker piunger bushing (PB) and governor crank bushing (GB} in engine crankcase (27) are renewable. B59. Gasket 36. . 23. Oil control ring should be renewed if end gap is greater than 0. ASSEMBLY MARKS FLYWHEEL SIDE Fig.0100. Ball bearings (on models so equipped) 53. Governor lever 50. 21. 301. 19.233000 0. Camshaft plug 34. 281 . Governor gear & weight unit 30. Governor crank 47. 301000. Illustrations courtesy of Briggs & Stratton Corp.0127 mm) out-of-round or if pin is worn to.000. (Fig. Output drive key 51. 191000. (18. PIN AND RINGS.64 m m ) 0. 23A. Install assembiy In cylinder with assembly marks to fiywheei side of crankcase.035 inch (0.673 in. or greater than rejection diameter shown in chart. Tappets 33.326000 . Governor shaft 29. Oil dipper 54. Piston should also be renewed or pin bore reamed for 0. 0. rejection diameter shown in chart. 23D. Camshaft 31. 326000 0.008" Fig.09 mm) PISTON PIN REJECTION SIZES Model Pin diameter 19. B60-On 300000. Engine base 35. 26. (17. 193000. 200000.005 inch (0. 23C. (18. (17.243000 0.025 inch (0. END PLAY . assembie piston to connecting rod with notch and stamped ietter "F" on piston to same side as assembiy marks on rod.736 in.245-0. (22 N-m) torque. Tappet chamber cover 43.243000 0. or below. 301000. Cam gear 32. Aluminum alloy piston has two compression and one oil control ring and piston should be renewed if top ring side clearance in groove exceeds 0. 302. Connecting rod 56.734 in. 19D. 200000. Spring retainers or "Roto-Caps" 40. Spark plug Cylinder head Gasket Breather tube Breather Main bearing plate Gasket PISTON.635 mm) and compression ring should be renewed if end gap is greater than 0. Install assembly in cylinder with assembly marks to flywheel side of crankcase.000. 25.04 mm) 23. 320000. Governor spring 46.030 inch (0.007 inch (0. 23D. B61 — Crankshaft end play can be checked as shown on models with main bearings which are an integrai part of bearing support plates. 302000. 22. Crankshaft 52. 320000.801 in. 193000. Assemble cap to rod by matching assembly marks. Gasket 42. 320000. B62—Exploded view of typical 19D. Piston 59. 23A.0005 inch (0.127 mm) oversize pin if pin bore is worn to. 301000. Piston rings 47 Fig. (20. 325000. (20.SERVICE MANUAL Briggs & Stratton 23. Breaker piunger (43) rides against a lobe on cam gear (31). 325000. Breaker point plunger 44. 231000. Piston pin retaining rings 57. . 325000 and 326000 series. On all remaining models connecting rod position in crankcase is determined by clearance flat on rod as shown in Fig.90 mm). B60). PISTON PIN BORE REJECTION SIZES Model Pin bore 19. 302000. Governor control lever 45.69 mm) MOTCH 300000. 23D.799 in. 325000 and 326000 series engines have a notch and a letter "F" stamped in piston (Fig.671 in. 233000 and 243000 engines. 19D. 24. Keepers 41. 2(H>000. 231000.30 m m ) Ring end gap should be 0.

STANDARD CYLINDER B O R E SIZES Model Standard bore 19. Cyiinder bore can be a maximum of 0. Camshaft 31. washers 38. KtMl lH)lt l(K-k 55.462-90. 301000. O u t p u t drive ke> 51.0178 mm) or more or if main bearing journals are worn to a diameter of 1. 50. Bearing plate (\v. 233000 2. Cio\ 'ernor control lev 45. Pistons and rings are available in a variety of oversizes as well as standard.79-76.4365-3.5 m m ) 23.. B40 for ignition system. Crankshaft may be supported at each end in main bearings which are an integral part of crankcase and sump or ball bearing mains which are a press fit on crankshaft and fit into machined bores in main bearing support plates.. 23A. F^n^ne ixankca. 37.07 m m ) 243000. 200000 231000. 22.0025 inch (0. . 23A. Oil (iipjKT 54. 325000. 301000.95 mm) or less for 19. Advance weight Spark plu^ Air baffle Cylinder head HeJwJ ^Lsket Breather tulK> Breather Hearing plate (plain tuishin^) ^5H. Refer to Fig. Cum ^ear 32.0615-3. 35.Briggs & Stratton must face flywheel side of engine after installation.000 in. ()o\ •ernor lever 282 Illustrations courtesy of Briggs & Stratton Corp. CRANKSHAFT REJECTION SIZES Model Crankpin journal 19. 24.313 m m ) 320000.25 m m ) Connecting rod is available for crankshaft which has had connecting rod crankpin journal reground to 0. 191000.999-3..179 inch (29.5615-3. Ri'Uiininj. 4(i. (IO^ iTnor link 49. 300000. 20.508 mm) undersize. (IjLsket 34. 326000 3. 23C.184 in. 302000. 23A. I*isU)n pin 58. (76. 3fi. Crankshaft for all models should be renewed or reground if connecting rod crankpin journal diameter is worn to. 193000 and 200000 series engines or 1. ('amshaft plu^ Knj^ne base Giwket Valves Valve spring.020 inch (0. 23C. (30. Crankshaft 52. CYLINDER.122 in. note ignition advance weight (A W). (25. 191000 and 231000 engines equipped with "Magna-Matic" ignition system.076 mm) or more.5625 in. or beyond crankshaft rejection specifications as listed in following chart.30 m m ) 200000 1.005 inch (0. 23.287-87.18-76.3759 inch (34. rinp* 57. Valve springes 39.95 mm) or less for 23.127 mm) oversize when using chrome rings.^' & cylin(ier l)l(H'k 28.309 in. (28. 190000. Ball U'arin^rs (on nKMk'ls so e(iiiip( 53. S|irinjj retainers or "Roto-('aps" 40. 23A. 21.23 m m ) 243000 3. (rt)\ ernor control rcMi 48. B63-^xpioded view of typicai modei 19.0007 inch (0. 23D models and 231000 and 233000 series engines. 325000. it should be resized to nearest oversize for which piston and rings are available. 302000 3. NOTE: A chrome piston ring set is availabie for siightiy worn standard bore cylinders.003 inch (0. 25. Standard cylinder bore diameters are listed in following chart. or out-of-round 0.996 in. Bearings should be a press fit.488 m m ) If cylinder is worn 0. (K)\ erntvr spring.82 m m ) 300000. 42. 23. Piston 51>. F^iston rinjrs 2H. 19D. 23D. (^inntH'tinjj nxl 5(i. (Governor ^ear & weight unit 3(».0625 in. 23D. 326000 1. 230000 . Cuisket 27.19D. TapjH't chamUr cov er 44. GENERATOR new bearings are loose on journals.i\\ In-urin^) AW. (fovernor shaft 21 >. Crankshaft main bearing support plates should be renewed if integral type CRANKSHAFT AND MAIN BEARINGS. 320000. 23. Crankshaft for models with main bearings as an integral part of main bearing support plates should be renewed or reground if journals are out-ofround 0. 230. 193000. 19D models and 191000.193000 0. 1.0635 mm) or more. No honing or cyiinder degiazing is required for these rings. KeefHTS 41. (76. 19. (33. (tO\ ernor crank 47. Crankshaft for models with ball bearing main bearings should be renewed if 21 20 23 24 19 36 48 30 Fig. (87. (90.4375 in. TapfH'ts 33.

301000 and 302000 series engines or 1. Breather assy. 23A. Valve lifters 4. 23C. Piston rings lever weight unit 6. Balance weights. 23C. B6S — Synchro-Balance weights rotate in opposite direction of crankshaft counterweights on 300000. Ball bearing mains are a press fit on crankshaft and must be removed by pressing crankshaft out of bearing. Keepers 27. (iasket rotator 26. Connecting rod 41. 46. Rod bolt lock 43. cam gear end play should be 0. Cylinder head 20.6145 inch (15.0508-0. B64 . 30i000. Crankshaft end play should be 0. 302000.1 mm) or more for 19. (Governor crank assy. 325000 and 326000 engines. 35. 302000. Gasket 1. Reject camshaft if it is worn to. 19D. 320000. 301000.184 inches (30.008 inch (0. Key 2. 300000. 23. Drive gear bolt 48.8105 inch (20. Control rod 53. Cover & balance assy. Oil se^ 37. 325000 and 326000 series engines. 233000 and 243000 series engines timing gear and camshaft lobes are cast as an integral part and are referred to as a "cam gear".1 mm) or more for 23. or less than. 200000. Shim 32. 193000 and 200000 series engines. 301000. Piston pin 39. Balancer drive gear 10.0178 mm) or more out-of-round or if bearing bore diameter is 1.1 mm) or less for 300000.9 mm) or less for 320000. Link 54. Piston 40.4968 inch (12.185 inches (30. 193000. When installing cam gear in 300000.325000 and 326000 series engines. Idler gear 30. Valve springs (nriagneto end) 36.320000. a diameter of 0. Renew ball bearing if worn or rough. 23. Breather tube 29.002-0. Oil dipper 42. 325000 and 326000 series engines. Shim 52. Ball bearing 47. ball bearings and cover assemblies (2 and Z4) are serviced only as assemblies. Spring retainer or 25. Retaining rings 38. Bearing support plate 17.2032 mm) and is controlled by A Fig. Govemor gear & 5. Head gasket 19. 1. Ball bearing 44.SERVICE MANUAL Briggs & Stratton 36 35 34 33 54 53 42 Fig. 13. "E" ring 15.Expioded view of typical 300000.6 mm) or less or if lobes are worn to a diameter of 1.19D models or 191000. Spark plug 21.62 mm).6 mm) or less and renew cam gear (52) if journal diameter is 0.0508-0. Cam bearing 33. Camshaft rides in a bearing in cylinder block on pto end of engine and journal on camgear rides in renewable cam bearing (21) on magneto end of engine. Cylinder block 18. Govemor springs 56. B C L 283 . Engine base 3.382 inches (34. make certain timing marks are aligned (Fig. Camshaft 9. Belleville washer 11. No service bushings for main bearings are available. 30i000. Spring caps 24. 325000 and 326000 series engines. 320000. B66 or B67). Cam gear turns on a stationary shaft referred to as a "camshaft". Bearing support plate 51. CAM GEAR AND CAMSHAFT.002-0. 302000.320000. When reinstalling crankshaft. Balancer drive gear 34. Drive gear bolt main bearing bores are 0. Govemor control 50. Camshaft (53-Fig. Govemor shaft 7. Gasket (pto end) 14. Cam gear 8. On all remaining models cam gear and lobes are an integral part referred to as a "cam gear". Cover & balance assy. "E" ring 31. Valves 22. Belleville washer 49.0007 inch (0. 28. B64) rotates with cam gear (52).2032 mm) and is adjusted by varying thickness of gaskets between flywheel main bearing support plate and crankcase. On 19. Oil seal 12. 23D models or llustrations courtesy of Briggs & Stratton Corp. 191000. 23D models or 243000. Idler gear 16. 302000.215 inches (30. Gaskets are available in a variety of thicknesses. Crankshaft 45.008 inch (0. Governor lever 55. 23A. Expand new bearing by heating in oil and install on crankshaft with shield side towards crankpin journal. Renew camshaft if worn to 0.

302000. Grind end of valve stem off squarely to obtain clearance.2385-0.007-0. tighten dri\^e gear bolts to a torque of 200 in.35 mm) rods.6 mm).18 mm) rods through timing holes and into hole in balance weights.43-0. B63). To adjust valves. AND BELLEVILLE WASHER TORQUE 700 IN. Valve tappet gap (cold) for all other models is 0. guides should be reamed using reamer number 19183 and bushing number 19192 should be installed. B6Ei).239 inch (6. engine must be turned bacicwards. breaker plunger rides against a lobe on cam gear. Piston must be at TDC. (23 N-m).0579-6. With piston at TDC. first remove cover and balancer assemblies (2 and 24). Bushing should be finish reamed to 0. If gage enters valve guide 5/16-inch (7. NOTE: To check compression on models with "Easy-Spin" starting.17-0. GOVERNOR CRANK. 284 Illustrations courtesy of Briggs & Stratton Co rp. On models with "Magna-Matic" ignition system. If part number of older cam gear and "Easy-Spin" cam gear are the same except for an "E" following new part number. (governor crank should be free fit in bushing in engine crankcase with minimum bushing to crank clearance.23 mm) for intake valves and 0. Tighten cam gear bearing cap screws to 85 in. Fig.41 mm) for exhaust valves. 300000.18 mm) rods.9 mm) or more. . On all other models. with piston at TDC.-lbs. remove and inspect governor crank. part number 231218 may be installed. B67— View showing balancer drive gear on pto end of crankshaft being timed. 320000. V S ^ I V E CEAR \ \ IDLER GEAR "Easy-Spin" cam gears can be identified by two holes drilled in web of gear.007-0. With piston at TDC and V4-inc h (6.48 mm) for exhaust valves. Remove V4-inch (6. Service exhaust and intake valve seat inserts are available and are installed using special tools available from Briggs & Stratton.Briggs & Stratton using different thickness shims (20) between cam gear bearing (21) and crankcase. Position piston at TDC.35 mm) rods in place.0706 mm) after installation.36-0. Loosen bolts (37 and 56) until drive gears will rotate on cam gear and camshaft. Fig.-lbs. B62 and B63) or (50-Fig. thereby relieving compression and making engine easier to start due to increased cranking speed. Remove timing hole screws (Fig. B40) each camshaft revolution. Insert a V4-inch (6. Valve guides should be checked for wear using valve guide gage number 19151. available for remov- SYNCHRO-BALANCER.18-0. Seats are ground at a 45° angle and seat width should be 3/64 to 1/16-inch (1. GOVERNOR WEIGHT UNIT. With piston at TDC. All models are equipped with renewable exhaust valve seat inserts and intake valve seats are machined directly into cylinder block.016 inch (0. 19D models or 191000. Renew governor shaft if worn or scored. gears are interchangeable. On models with "Easy-Spin" starting intake cam lobe is machined to hold intake valve slightly open during part of compression stroke. Shims are available in a variety of thicknesses. On all models.014-0. Tangs on governor weights should be square and smooth and weights should operate freely. VALVE SYSTEM. ball bearings and covers (2 and 24 .Fig. B64) are serviced as assemblies only.23 mm) for intake valves and 0. carefully slide cover assemblies into position. B66 and B67. B68 —Insert f/8-/nc/i (3.-LBV Fig. Valve face is ground at a 45° angle and valve should be renewed if margin is 1/64-inch (0. align timing marks on crankshaft gear and cam gear when reassembling engine. Briggs & Stratton also had a tool kit. B64). B66—View showing baiancer drive gear (magneto end) being timed. cam gear is equipped with an ignition advance weight (AW-Fig. renew if worn.35 mm) rod through timing hoie in gear and into iocating hoie in crankshaft bearing support piate. Valve tappet gap (cold) for 19. To time balancers. GENERATOR ing factory or field installed guide bushings so new bushing.35 mm) rod through timing hole in each drive gear and into locating holes in main bearing support plates as shown in Figs. Balancers are driven from idler geai-s (5 and 18) which are driven by gears (22 and 54). Balance weights. B63) and insert Vs-inch (3. If not. Renew bushing if new crank fits loosely. 193000 and 200000 series engines is 0.19 inch (0.009 inch (0. Balancers are geared to rotate in opposite direction of crankshaft counterweights (Fig.4 mm) or less after refacing. renew gear and weight assembly (29-Figs. Coat threads of timing hole screws with Permatex or equivalent and install screws with fiber sealing washers. Then. Remove Vs-inch (3. Drive gears (22 and 54) are bolted to camshaft.18-0. With governor weight and gear unit removed.19 mm) rod through timing hole in covers and into hoie in balance weights when instaiiing cover assembiies. (23 N-m) torque and tighten magneto end cover cap screws to 120 in.35 mm) rod through timing hoie in crankshaft bearing support plate.2 to 1. 325000 and 326000 series engines are equipped with rotating balance weights at each end of crankshaft. A tang on advance weight contacts breaker shaft lever (29-Fig. part number 19232. Tighten cap screws in pto end cover to 200 in.009 inch (0. 301000.-lbs. (14 N'm) torque. (10 N*m) torque. insert i/4'inch (6. piston must be at "top dead center" on compression stroke. insert 1/4-inch (6.-lbs.

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