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The purpose of a scatter diagram is to graphically display indications of a relationship between two variables.
A scatter diagram is used in the analysis of quantitative data where a QE may be interested in how a variable may perform or behave relative to another variable. The relationship being investigated is called a correlation, and below given Figure identifies three possible relationships as positive correlation, no correlation, and negative correlation.
1. Select two variables of interest. The scatter diagram focuses on possible
correlations between two variables. The two variables of interest should have the potential for a cause-and-effect relationship.
2. Set a scale for the axes. Since one variable will be plotted on the x-axis
while the other variable is plotted on the y-axis, a scale must be selected for each axis such that the data use all, or nearly all, of the scale.
3. Collect and chart the data. Having set up the graphic, collect and chart or
plot the data in accordance with the scale specified.
4. Evaluate the results. Using Figure, evaluate the results to identify any
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