NETWORK ASSOCIATES GUIDE TO COMMUNICATIONS PROTOCOLS

TCP/IP
DHCP BOOTP NTP TFTP Dynamic Host Bootstrap Network Trivial File Configuration Protocol Time Transfer Protocol Protocol Protocol

Novell NetWare
SUN Network Services
PMAP NIS YP NFS Port Network Network File System Information Mapper System NLM Statd Network Status Mount Lock Mgr. Daemon

IBM Protocols
SNA Transaction Services
DDM DCA SNA/DS SNA/MS DIA SNA/FS Distributed Document SNA SNA Document File Data Content Services Interchange Distributed Mgmt. Mgmt. Architecture Architecture Services Services Browse File Print Named Pipes

ISO

DECnet Phase IV
DAP Data Access Protocol MOP Maintenance Operations Protocol

XNS Xerox Network System
XNS Application Services
Application Filing Mail Printing Virtual Support Terminal

AppleTalk

Banyan VINES

Hewlett-Packard Network Services

RFA Network Remote Remote Remote Virtual File Database File Process Transfer Access Access Comm. Terminal CMOT (CMIP over TCP/IP) (see also ISO)

CMIP DS MHS FTAM MMS ODA Common Directory Mail File Office VT Mgmt. Services Transfer Handling Manufacturing Messaging Document Virtual Information X.500 Access Service Service Architecture Terminal Protocol X.400 and Mgmt. ROSE ROSE RTSE ACSE ACSE ACSE ACSE ACSE ACSE ACSE

VINES Application Services
GAP Gateway Access Protocol StreetTalk, Mail(IM-III), Network Mgmt., Server Service, PC Backend, VINES Security, Echotest, File Service, Talk, Async, STDA, Deflector, Diagnostic, NetBIOS over VINES, Print Service, Semaphore, SNA Service, SX Service AFP AppleTalk Filing Protocol To Oracle TNS SMB 3270 Data Stream NAMED PIPES for OS/2

• Provides interface to end-user processes • Provides standardized services to applications

APPLICATION LAYER

X Windows System (X10 / X11)

RUNIX Remote UNIX Services
Ipr login rsh rexec rcp Remote Remote Remote Remote Remote Print Copy Execution Login Shell DNS Domain Name System NDS NetWare Directory Services SMB Server Message Block NetWare Lite RPL Remote Program Load From IPX From VSPP From TCP

ACSE - Association Control Service Element ROSE - Remote Operation Service Element RTSE - Reliable Transfer Service Element NICE Network Information and Command Exchange Protocol CTERM Network Command Terminal

ARPA Services

Postscript

SMTP HTTP FTP TELNET Simple HyperText File Mail Transfer Transfer Virtual Terminal Transfer Protocol Protocol Protocol

SNMP
Simple Network Mgmt. Protocol v1, v2, v2c From IPX

ND Network Disk

• Specifies architectureindependent data transfer format • Encodes and decodes data; encrypts and decrypts data; compresses data

PRESENTATION LAYER

From DECnet NSP

NCP NetWare Core Protocol NetBIOS

Presentation Services
IPDS SCS 3270 Intelligent SNA Data Printer Stream Character Data Stream Stream LU6.2 Logical Unit

LPP Lightweight Presentation Protocol

XDR External Data Representation

X.25 PAD Packet Assembler/ Disassembler Connection-oriented Protocol Presentation Protocol X.3, X.28, ASN.1 X.29

XNS Courier
Message Object Block Stream Stream Stream To NetBIOS

SESSION LAYER
To DLSw SSP

DAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

To NetBIOS

RPC Remote Procedure Call

To VFRP

To VINES NETRPC

SAP Service Advertising Protocol

From TCP/ IP

From SPP

From NBP

From VIPC Data Flow Control

FOUND Foundation Services To NetBIOS ISO NetBIOS To NetBIOS Connection-oriented Session Protocol

VINES NETRPC

From ISO

From NSP

From IPX

SCP DNS Distributed Session Control Name Protocol Server

XNS Courier
SCS Bulk Data Transfer Protocol To NetBIOS

Keiwet Session Protocol

ASP AppleTalk Session Protocol

PAP Printer Access Protocol To IPX

From UDP To DDP

To IP To ARP

To PPTP

To ISO-TP ISO-DE ISO Development Environment TCP Transmission Control Protocol To VFRP

To IPX SPX, SPX2 Sequenced Packet Exchange

Burst Mode

NetBEUI TRANSPORT PROTOCOL Transmission Control TPO, TP1, TP2, TP3, TP4 LAT Local Area Transport Protocol SPP PEP Sequence Packet Packet Exchange Protocol Protocol RIP Routing Information Protocol Error Echo Protocol Protocol DRP DECnet Routing Protocol IDP Internetwork Datagram Protocol ADSP AppleTalk Data Stream Protocol

ZIP Zone Information Protocol

• Manages network layer connections • Provides reliable packet delivery mechanism
DVMRP Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol IGMP Internet Group Mgmt. Protocol

TRANSPORT LAYER

To VFRP UDP User Datagram Protocol

LAVC NSP Network Services Protocol DNA NLSP RIP Routing NetWare Information Link Services Protocol Protocol To VFRP To NetBIOS & SMB DLSw Data Link Switching SSP Switch to Switch Protocol From TCP/IP TCP IS-IS Intermediate Dual System to IS-IS Intermediate System ES-IS End System to Intermediate System

ATP NBP AEP Name AppleTalk AppleTalk Transaction Binding Echo Protocol Protocol Protocol VIPC VINES Interprocess Communications Protocol

VSPP VINES Sequenced Packet Protocol

OSPF IGRP/EIGRP GGP RIP BGP EGP Open Shortest Interior Gateway Routing Exterior Border Path First Gateway to Routing Routing CISCO Gateway Gateway Gateway Information

HPR APPN High Advanced Performance Peer-to-Peer Routing Networking

RTMP AURP Routing AppleTalk Table Update-based Maintenance Routing Protocol Protocol

VRTP/VSRTP VINES (Sequenced) Routing Update Protocol

VARP/VSARP VINES (Sequenced) Address Resolution Protocol

VICP VINES Internet Control Protocol

ARP RARP Address Reverse Resolution ARP Protocol

To VFRP

IP Internet Protocol

ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol X.25 Packet Level Protocol From VIPC

IPX – Internetwork Packet Exchange

NETWORK PROTOCOL

Path Control QLLC Qualified Logical Link Control From SDLC Synchronous Data Link Control X-25 Packet Level Protocol

• Addresses and routes packets

NETWORK LAYER
802.2 Ethernet V.2 Internetwork

RSVP Resource Reservation Protocol From VIPC

IPX WAN 2 From VIPC

CONP CLNP Connection- Connectionless oriented Network Network Protocol Protocol

DDP Datagram Delivery Protocol From VIPC AARP AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol Apple - LAP Link Access Protocol VFRP VINES Fragmentation Protocol

VIP VINES Internet Protocol

CSLIP SLIP Serial Line Compressed Slip IP

From CDP

From ISO TP4

(Not through X.25) Sub Network Access Protocol (SNAP) To SMDS

(via X.25)

ATM

DSI, DS3 SONET

ISDN
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network

Frame Relay
HDLC LAPB (ISO) 7776) High-level Data Link Control Link Access Procedure PPP Point to Point

SMDS

LANs DATA LINK LAYER
Ethernet Data Link Control

802.2 Logical Link Control
Type 1 Connectionless Service Type 2 Connection Service Type 3 ACK Connectionless Service

SMDS Switched Multi-megabit Data service SIP SMDS Interface Protocol From SNI From ATM

From IPX

From IP

From UDP

AAL1 AAL2 AAL3/4 AAL5 VLANs CBR VBR Data Virtual LANs AAL ATM - Adaption Layer IEEE 802.6 Metropolitan Area Network DQDB Media Access Control To SMDS ATM - Layer Asynchronous Transfer Mode

WANs

SDLC Synchronous Data Link Control

• Frames packets • Controls physical layer data flow

IEEE 802.3 CSMA/CD Media Access Control

IEEE 802.12 VG-AnyLAN

IEEE 802.5 Token Passing Ring Media Access Control

FDDI Token Passing Ring Media Access Control ANSI

LAP -A To Frame Relay V.35 RS-449 EIA RS-232D or RS-423 RS-422-A V.24 Unbalanced Balanced

From PPTP

Ethernet V.2

Ethernet
1 BASE5 StarLAN 10 BROAD 36 10 BASE-T Twisted Pair 10 BASE5 Thick 10BASE2 Thin 10 BASE-F (A or P) Fiber 100 BASET 100 BASEX

Token Ring
Fiber Optic Shielded Twisted Pair 4/16 Mbps UTP 4/16 Unshielded Twisted Pair

FDDI
FDDI Fiber Optic SDDI Shielded Copper CDDI Copper Twisted Pair

ISDN-B 64 Kbps DSI, DS3 SONET ISDN-D 16 Kbps BRI 64 Kbps PRI ISDN H 384 Kbps BRI - Basic Rate Interface PRI - Primary Rate Interface H11 1.536 Mbps H12 1.92 Mbps

PHYSICAL LAYER
• Interfaces between network medium and network devices • Defines electrical and mechanical characteristics

Ethernet 50 ohm coax Thin Wire 50 ohm coax Broadband 75 ohm coax

SNI Subscriber Network Interface DSO PLCP - 64 Kbps G.703 PLCP DS1 PLCP - T1 - 1.544 Mbps DS3 PLCP - T3 - 45 Mbps SONET

ANSI T-1.617 NXD Frame Format From Broadband ISDN

Modem Standards
V.21 AT&T V.22 AT&T AT&T 209 V.22 bis V.26 V.26 bis 9600 bps 2400 bps 2400 bps 2400 bps 103 212 300 bps 1200 bps V.42 V.42 bis V.27 bis V.32 bis V.29 V.32 4800 bps 9600 bps 9600 bps 14.4 kbps Error Correction Data Compression via MNP5 or LAPM using L-Z derivative IBM Channel

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