AARUPADAI VEEDU INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PAIYANOOR

LAB MANUAL
MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLER LABORATORY

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING AARUPADAI VEEDU INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY OLD MAHABALIPURAM ROAD

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Programming 8085. Programming 8086. Programming 8051. Pc based control systems. Stepper Motor Controller. PC interfacing. AC & DC Motor Speed Control.

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS A.8085 Programming 1. Study of 8085 Microprocessor 2. 16 bit Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division. 3. BCD to HEX and HEX to BCD code conversion. 4. Largest and smallest of a given set of numbers. 5. Square Root of 8-bit number. B.8086 Programming 1. 2. 3. 4. Study of 8086 Microprocessor 32 bit Addition and Addition of 3*3Matrices. Ascending Order and Descending Order. Reversal of a String.

C. Interfacing Experiments 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Keyboard and Display Interface ADC Interface. DAC Interface. Stepper Motor Interface. Traffic Signal Modeling.

D.8051 Programming Study of 8051. 1. 8 Bit Arithmetic Operations. Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division 2. Addition of two sixteen bit numbers. 3. Transferring a Block of data from (i). Internal to External memory. (ii). External to External memory. (iii). External to Internal memory. 4. 8-bit Conversion (i).ASCII to its equivalent Hexa decimal and (ii). Hexa decimal to its equivalent ASCII 5. Arrange the given numbers in ascending and descending order. 6. Filling External and Internal Memory. E. Interfacing Experiments 1. DAC Interfacing. 2. Stepper Motor Interfacing.

. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cable. Step 3: Move the augend to any one of the register. Step 4: Perform the addition.Experiment No: Date: ADDITION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: Write a program to add two 8 bit numbers and store the result in memory location 4200 and 4201. Step 2: The addend is brought to the accumulator. Step 6: Stop the process. Step 5: Store the 8 bit and carry in two memory locations. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize register C to account for carry.

FLOWCHART Start Initialize C register to zero for carry Get first data in Accumulator Get second data in B register ADD two numbers Is carry Flag Set? NO YES Increment C register by one Store the Sum & Carry in the desired memory locations Stop .

Check whether Carry Flag is reset. RESULT: Thus the program for addition of two 8-bit numbers has been written and executed and the sum is verified. Store 8 bit sum to memory location 4200. pair to point 1st data. Move carry to Accumulator. Stop the process.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4102H 4105H 4106H 4107H 4108H 4109H MNEMONIC MVI C. Store carry to memory 4201. Add two numbers in A & B.4150H MOV A. Move 2nd data to B reg.00H LXI H. to store carry.M INX H MOV B.C STA 4201H HLT OPCODE OPERAND LOOP 410CH 410DH 4110H 4111H 4114H COMMENTS Initialize C reg. pair to point 2nd data. Initialize HL reg. Increment HL reg. Increment C register. Move 1st data to accumulator.M ADD B JNC LOOP INR C STA 4200H MOV A. .

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA. 3. 4.VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 5. What is Microprocessor ? What are the basic units of a microprocessor ? What is a bus? What is assembly language? Why data bus is bi-directional? . 2.

Experiment No: Date: SUBTRACTION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: Write a program to subtract two 8 bit numbers and store the result in memory location 4502 and 4503. . Step 2: The Minuend is brought to the accumulator. else proceed to the next step. Step 4: Perform the subtraction. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cable ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize register C to account for Borrow. Step 5: If the carry flag is reset go to step 7. Step 8: Stop the process. Step 3: Move the subtrahend to anyone register. Step 6: Take 2’s complement of the accumulator content and increment C register. Step 7: Store the difference & borrow in memory location 4502 and 4503.

FLOWCHART Start Initialize C register to zero for Borrow Get Minuend in Accumulator Get Subtrahend in any other register Subtract Subtrahend from Accumulator Is carry Flag Set? NO YES Take 2’s Complement of Accumulator& increment C Reg. Store the Results in the desired memory locations Stop .

go to skip. Subtract the subtrahend from minuend.M INX H MOV B. Increment HL reg pair to point 2nd data. Move 2nd to register B.A INX H MOV M.C HLT OPCODE OPERAND SKIP 430FH 4310H 4311H 4312H 4313H 4314H COMMENTS Initialize C reg to store carry.4500H MOV A.00H LXI H. . RESULT: Thus the subtraction program has been written & executed and the difference and borrow were verified.M SUB B JNC SKIP CMA ADI 01H INR C INX H MOV M.PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4302H 4305H 4306H 4307H 4308H 4309H 430CH 430DH MNEMONIC MVI C. Move 1st data to accumulator. Initialize HL reg pair to point 1st data. If Carry Flag reset. If the Subtraction result in borrow take 2’s complement of the accumulator Increment register C Store the result in the desired memory location Store the carry flag to indicate whether the result is positive or negative Stop the process.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA-VOCE QUESTIONS 1. Define machine cycle. 4. Why address bus is unidirectional? 2. What is the data and address size in 8086? 3. What is the difference between CPU bus and system bus? . Define T-State 5.

Step 2: Clear C register.Experiment No: Date: MULTIPLICATION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program for the multiplication of two 8-bit numbers. Step 5: Add the content of A register with the content of D register. Stop the Process. otherwise go to next step. Step 11. Step 6: Check the carry flag if CY=0 go to step 7 otherwise increment the C register. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL registers pair with the address 4200H. Step 10: Store the higher order byte in next memory location. Step 8: If the content of B reg is not equal to zero go to step 5. Step 9: Store the content of accumulator in Next memory location. . Step 4: Move the Multiplicand to D register. Step 3: Get the multiplicand in accumulator and get the multiplier in B-reg. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cable. Step 7: Decrement the B register.

content NO Is carry flag Set? YES Increment carry register by one Decrement Multiplier by one Is multiplier Zero YES NO Store the result in desired location Stop .FLOWCHART Start Initialize the HL register pair and get the multiplicand in A & D Get the multiplier in B-reg & decrement it by one ADD accumulator (multiplicand) to D reg.

Store the least significant byte of the product to the memory location pointed by HL pair. pair.4200H MVI C. Decrement B reg.A INX H MOV M. If B is not equal to zero. program control goes to LOOP2. . content. Decrement B reg. Add the content of A reg with D reg.C HLT COMMENTS Load the HL reg pair with the address 4200H Clear C reg Move the Multiplicand to the accumulator. Move the Multiplicand to D reg.M INX H MOV B. Move the Multiplier to B reg. Increment the HL reg.00H MOV A. Increment C reg.PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4103H 4105H MNEMONIC LXI H. Store the most significant byte of the product to the memory location pointed by HL pair. otherwise do next step Increment the HL reg. If CY=0.A ADD D JNC LOOP1 INR C DCR B JNC LOOP2 OPCODE OPERAND 4106H 4107H 4108H 4109H LOOP2 410AH 410BH LOOP1 410EH 410FH 4110H 4113H 4114H 4115H 4116H 4117H INX H MOV M. Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the multiplication of two 8-bit data had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations. Increment the HL reg pair.M DCR B MOV D. program control jumps to label LOOP1.

What is the need for system clock and how it is generated in 8085? 5. What is the need for Port? . What is interrupt 1/0? 3. Why EPROM is mapped at the beginning of memory space in 8085 system? 4. What does memory-mapping mean? 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

Step 7: Go to step 4. Step 10: Stop the Process. Otherwise go to next step. Step 5: If carry occurs. Step 3: Get dividend in accumulator & get divisor in B register. Step 9: store the quotient in 4502H. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cable.Experiment No: Date: DIVISION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program for dividing two 8-bit numbers and store the result in memory locations 4502 and 4503. Step 2: Clear the C register. Step 6: Subtract divisor from dividend and increment C register. . Step 8: Store the remainder in 4503H. go to step 8. Step 4: Compare dividend and divisor. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with address 4500H.

for Quotient Is Dividend > Divisor NO YES Subtract Divisor from Dividend Increment Quotient by one Store the Quotient and Store the dividend as remainder Stop . Initialize C reg.FLOWCHART Start Get dividend & divisor.

Stop the Process 4111H 4114H 4115H 4118H RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the Division of two 8-bit data had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations.C STA 4502H HLT OPCODE OPERAND 4106H 4107H REPEAT 4108H 4109H 410CH 410DH 410EH SKIP COMMENTS Load the HL reg pair with the address 4500H. Clear C reg.00H MOV A.M CMP B JC SKIP SUB B INR C JMP REPEAT STA 4503H MOV A.M INX H MOV B. Subtract the divisor from dividend. Store the Quotient. . Move the Dividend to the accumulator. Compare B reg. Increment the HL reg pair.PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4103H 4105H MNEMONIC LXI H. Increment C reg. Jump to label REPEAT. Move the Quotient to Accumulator. jump to label SKIP. If carry=1. Store the remainder. Move the Divisor to B reg.4500H MVI C.

Write a short note on INTEL 8255 4. What is the drawback in memory mapped I/0? 5. How DMA is initiated? . What is a port? 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. Give some examples of port devices used in 8085 microprocessor based system? 3.

Step 6: Move the data from the memory address pointed by HL pair to the accumulator. Step 7: Decrement the count (content of B register) Step 8: If the content of B register is not equal to zero. Step 9: Store the content of accumulator in the address 5000H. Step 3: Get the count (i.e. Step 5: Check the Carry Flag. otherwise go to next step..Experiment No: LARGEST NUMBER IN GIVEN ARRAY Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to find the largest number in the given Array. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 2: Get the first Data in accumulator. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4700H. Step 10: Stop the Process. (ii) Power cable. . If the CF is reset go to step 7 otherwise go to next step. Length of the array) in B register. go to step 4. Step 4: Compare the next data from the memory address pointed by HL pair to the accumulator.

FLOWCHART Start Get the length of the array as the count Move the first data to Accumulator Increment the memory pointer Compare the second data with content of Accumulator Is A content Large? NO Move M to A YES Decrement B reg NO Is Count=0? YES Store the Content of accumulator as largest number Stop .

M DCR B JNZ LOOP STA 5000H HLT 410D 411E 4111 4114 Initialize the memory pointer with the address 4700H Get the length of the array in B reg. 4700H 4103 4104 MOV B. pair to point the next memory location.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 LXI H. content by one Increment the HL reg. Compare the data in accumulator with data in memory. content If ZF is reset go to LOOP. Store the largest number in 5000H Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to find the largest of the given data had been written and executed & the result was stored in the desired memory location . Get the first data in Accumulator. Decrement B reg.M INX H 4105 4106 LOOP MOV A.M DCR B INX H 4107 4108 CMP M 410B JNC SKIP 410C SKIP MOV A. Move the data from memory to accumulator. If CF is reset. Decrement B reg. Increment the HL reg. pair to point the next memory location. the program control goes to label SKIP.

2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 3. 4. What is Instruction cycle? What is fetch and execute cycle? What is Block and Demand transfer mode DMA? What is the need for timing diagram? How many machine cycles constitute one instruction cycle in 8085? . 5.

go to step 4. APPARATUS REQUIRED: ((i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 4: Compare the next data from the memory address pointed by HL pair to the accumulator. Step 3: Get the count (i. (ii) Power cable.Experiment No: Date: SMALLEST NUMBER IN GIVEN ARRAY AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to find the smallest number in the given Array.. Step 6: Move the data from the memory address pointed by HL pair to the accumulator. Length of the array) in B register. Step 10: Stop the Process. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4700H. . Step 2: Get the first Data in accumulator. go to step 7 otherwise go to next step. Step 7: Decrement the count (content of B register) Step 8: If the content of B register is not equal to zero. If the CF is set. Step 9: Store the content of accumulator in the address 5000H. Step 5: Check the Carry Flag.e. otherwise go to next step.

FLOWCHART Start Get the length of the array as the count Move the first data to Accumulator Increment the memory pointer Compare the memory with content of Accumulator Is A content Small? NO Move M to A YES Decrement B reg. NO Is Count=0? YES Store the Content of accumulator as smallest number Stop .

content by one Increment the HL reg. content. Compare the data in accumulator with data in memory. Decrement B reg. 4700H 4103 4104 MOV B. OBSERVATION: . Store the smallest number in 5000H Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to find the smallest of the given data had been written and executed & the result was stored in the desired memory location.M DCR B INX H 4107 4108 CMP M 410B 410C SKIP JC SKIP MOV A.M INX H 4105 4106 LOOP MOV A. Get the first data in Accumulator.M DCR B JNZ LOOP STA 5000H HLT 410D 411E 4111 4114 Initialize the memory pointer with the address 4700H Get the length of the array in B reg. Increment the HL reg.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 LXI H. Move the data from memory to accumulator. pair to point the next memory location. If CF is set the program control goes to SKIP. pair to point the next memory location. If ZF is reset go to LOOP. Decrement B reg.

2. Define opcode and operand. What operation is performed during first T -state of every machine cycle in 8085 ? 4. What is opcode fetch cycle? 3. How the 8085 processor differentiates a memory access and I/0 Access? Experiment No: Date: .ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. Why status signals are provided in microprocessor? 5 .

go to step 12 otherwise do next step. If carry flag is set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). Step 10: Check ZF. Step 16: Stop the Process. Step 8: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of Accumulator. go to step 7. Step 4: Save the count 2 in E register. otherwise do next step. Step 9: Check CF. go to step 5. go to step 12 otherwise do next step. If zero flag is set (accumulator content is equal to the other number). Step 15: If the number of repetitions is not equal to zero.1) in B register. Step 5: Move the content of E to C register. Step 11: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. Step 7: Move the data from memory location pointed by HL pair to the Accumulator. number of comparisons (length of array -1) in C register. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 13: If the number of comparison is not equal to zero. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4700H. .8085-ASCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in Ascending Order. Step 3: Get the count 2. number of repetitions (length of array . otherwise do the next step. (ii) Power cable. Step 2: Get the count 1. Step 12: Decrement the number of comparisons (count 2). Step 6: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4701H. Step 14: Decrement the number of repetitions (count 1).

the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < NO (pointer+1)? YES Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 = Zero? YES Decrement COUNT 1 NO Is COUNT 1 = zero? YES Stop Interchange Numbers .FLOWCHART Start Initialize memory pointer to get N.

M DCR B MOV C.D INX H DCR C JNZ REPEAT DCR B JNZ LOOP HLT Initialize HL reg. pair with 4700H B = COUNT 1 for (N-1)repetitions C = COUNT 2 for (N-1)Comparisons LOOP 4108 REPEAT 410B 410C 410D 411E 4111 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 411A 411D 411E 4121 Compare consecutive numbers Interchange numbers if not in order SKIP Decrement count 2 Decrement count 1 Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in ascending order had been written and executed. 4700H MOV B.PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 LXI H.C MOV C. . 4701H MOV A.E LXI H.A DCX H MOV M.B MOV E.M MOV M.M INX H CMP M JC SKIP JZ SKIP MOV D.

5. 3. 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 2. When the 8085 processor checks for an interrupt? What is interrupt acknowledge cycle? How the interrupts are affected by system reset? What is Software interrupts? What is Hardware interrupt? .

go to step 12 otherwise do next step. . Step 6: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4701H. Step 5: Move the content of E to C register. If carry flag is reset (accumulator content is larger than the other number).1) in B register. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with Keyboard. otherwise do next step. number of comparisons (length of array -1) in C register. (ii) Power cable. number of repetitions (length of array . go to step 5. Step 2: Get the count 1. Step 13: If the number of comparison is not equal to zero. Step 4: Save the count 2 in E register. Step 15: If the number of repetitions is not equal to zero. Step 10: Check ZF. If zero flag is set (accumulator content is equal to the other number). go to step 7. Step 3: Get the count 2. otherwise do the next step. Step 11: Store the largest number to the previous memory location & smallest to the current memory location. Step 8: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of Accumulator. Step 9: Check CF. Step 14: Decrement the number of repetitions (count 1). ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4700H. go to step 12 otherwise do next step. Step 16: Stop the Process. Step 12: Decrement the number of comparisons (count 2). Step 7: Move the data from memory location pointed by HL pair to the Accumulator.Experiment No: Date: 8085-DESCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in Descending Order.

FLOWCHART Start Initialize memory pointer to get N. the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer > NO (pointer+1)? YES Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 = zero? YES Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 1 = zero? YES Stop Interchange Numbers .

M DCR B MOV C.E LXI H.D INX H DCR C JNZ REPEAT DCR B JNZ LOOP HLT B = COUNT 1 for (N-1)repetitions C = COUNT 2 for (N-1)Comparisons LOOP 4108 REPEAT 410B 410C 410D 411E 4111 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 411A 411D 411E 4121 Compare consecutive numbers Interchange numbers if not in order SKIP Decrement count 2 Decrement count 1 Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in ascending order had been written and executed. 4700H MOV B.M MOV M.M INX H CMP M JNC SKIP JZ SKIP MOV D.B MOV E. .PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 LXI H.C MOV C.A DCX H MOV M. 4701H MOV A.

Vectored interrupt? List the Software and Hardware interrupts of 8085? Whether HOLD has higher priority than TRAP or not? What is masking and why it is required? . 3. 5.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is the difference between Hardware and Software interrupt? What is Vectored and Non. 4. 2.

go to step 4. The total number of data (length of block) is stored at 46FFH.otherwise go to next step. . Step 10: Stop the Process. Step 3: Initialize the DE register pair with the address 4800H. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 46FFH. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cord. Step 4: Get byte from source memory block. Step 6: Increment the source block pointer. Step 5: Store the first data to the destination address.Experiment No: BLOCK OF DATA TRANSFER Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to transfer the block of data starting from memory location 4700H to the memory location 4800H. Step 2: Move the total number of data to the C register. Step 8: Decrement the C register. Step 9: If ZF=0. Step 7: Increment the destination block pointer.

Get the Data from source Block to Accumulator Store data to destination block Increment the source & destination block pointer Decrement C reg. pair as a source Load the total number of input data In C reg. NO Is ZF=1? YES Stop .FLOWCHART Start Initialize HL reg.

M INX H LXI D.4800H OPCODE OPERAND REPEAT 4108H 4109H 410AH 410BH 410CH 410DH 4110H MOV A. Increment source block pointer. Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to transfer the block of data from memory location 4700H to 4800H had been written and verified . Get count of total number of data bytes in C reg.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4103H 4104H 4105H MNEMONIC LXI H. Increment destination block pointer. Initialize the destination pointer with the address 4200H. program control jump to label REPEAT. Get the data byte from source block.M STAX D INX H INX D DCR C JNZ REPEAT HLT COMMENTS Initialize the source pointer with the address 4200H.46FFH MVI C. Point to first source block byte. If ZF=0. Store the data byte to the destination block. Decrement C register.

4. When the 8085 processor accept hardware interrupt? When the 8085 processor will disable the interrupt system? What is the function performed by Dl instruction? What is the function performed by El instruction? How the vector address is generated for the INTR interrupt of 8085? .OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 2. 3. 5.

ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the Decimal data in A reg. Step 4: Clear the Accumulator. Step 10: Add the units (A reg. I f ZF=1 go to next step. Content. content to the A reg.Experiment No: Date: DECIMAL TO HEXADECIMAL CONVERSION AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a Decimal number to a Hexadecimal number. Step 6: Add B reg. The Decimal data is stored in 4200H and Hexadecimal data is store in 4250H. (ii) Power cable. and save in E reg. from E reg. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 2: Mask the lower nibble of the decimal data in A reg. Step 11: Stop the Process. If ZF=0 go to step 6. . Step 7: Decrement the C reg. Step 9: Get the decimal in A reg. Step 8: Save the product in B reg. Step 3: Rotate the upper nibble to the lower position. Step 5: Move the 0AH to C reg.).) to product (B reg. and mask the upper nibble(units).

Mask the lower nibble of the Decimal data in A reg. and move 0AH to C reg. to A reg. and mask the upper nibble ADD the content of B reg. and save it in E reg. to A reg. to A reg.FLOWCHART: Start Get the Decimal data in A reg. Clear A reg. Rotate the content of A reg. to B reg. Decrement C reg. to memory Stop . NO Check if ZF=1? YES Move the content of A reg. Store the Hexadecimal value from A reg. four times right & save it in B reg. Move the decimal data from E reg. ADD the content of B reg.

E ANI 0FH ADD B STA 4250H HLT Get the data in A reg. Save in E reg.0AH ADD B DCR C JNZ REPEAT MOV B.A MOVA. Mask the lower nibble Rotate the upper nibble to lower Nibble position save in B reg. Get the Decimal data in A reg.A XRA A MVI C. Save the product in B reg.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4106 4107 4108 4109 410A 410B 410C REPEAT 410E 410F 4110 4113 4114 4115 4117 4118 411B LDA 4200H MOV E.A ANI F0H RLC RLC RLC RLC MOV B. Store the Hexadecimal value in memory Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for Decimal to Hexadecimal conversion had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location. OBSERVATION: . Mask the upper nibble Get the sum of units digit and product in B reg. Clear accumulator Get the product of units digit multiplied by 0AH in A reg.

5.ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 4. internal clock? What happens to the 8085 processor when it is resetted? What are the operations performed by ALU of 8085? What is a flag? List the flags of 8085 . How clock signals are generated in 8085 and what is the frequency of the 2. 3.

(ii) Power cable. Step 5: Stop the Process. . ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in DE pair Step 2: Get the second data in HL pair Step 3: Add the data in DE & HL pair Step 4: Store the result in 4204.Experiment No: Date: ADDITION OF TWO 16 BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to add two 16 bit numbers & store the result APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard.

FLOWCHART: Start Get the 1st data in DE register pair Get the 2nd data in HLregister pair Add DE & HL pair contents Store the result in 4204 &4205 Stop .

.PROGRAM: LABEL ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS START 4100H LHLD 4200H Get first I6-bit number 4103H XCHG Save first I6-bit number in DE 4104H LHLD 4202H Get second I6-bit number in HL 4105H DAD D Add DE and HL 4106H SHLD 4204H Store I6-bit result in memory locations 4004H and 4005H. 4109H HLT Stop the program RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 16 bit addition had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.

4. Which interrupt has highest priority in 8085? What is the priority of other 2. 3. Where is the READY signal used? What is HOLD and HLDA and how it is used? . interrupts? What is an ALE? Explain the function of IO/M in 8085.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT DATA COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 5.

Step6: Stop the process .Experiment No: SUBTRACTION OF TWO 16 BIT NUMBERS AIM: Date: To write an Assembly Language Program to subtract two 16 bit numbers & store the result APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. (ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in DE pair Step 2: Get the second data in HL pair Step 3: Subtract the lower order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Step 4: Subtract the higher order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Step 5: Store the result in . in memory locations 4204H and 4205H.

FLOWCHART: Start Get the 1st & 2nd data in DE & HL register pair Subtract the lower order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Subtract the higher order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Store the result in 4204& 4205 Stop .

E Get lower byte of the first number 4108H 410BH SUB L MOV L.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4104H LHLD 4200H XCHG LHLD 4202H Get the 1st data in HL reg pair Save in DE reg. 410FH 4112H SHLD 4204H HLT Store l6-bit result in memory locations 4004H and 4005H Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 16 bit subtraction had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location. . pair Get second 16-bit number in HL 4107H MOV A.A Store l6-bit result in memory locations 4204H and 4205H. Get higher byte of the first number 410CH MOV A.A Subtract lower byte of the second number Store the result in L register .D 410DH SBB H Subtract higher byte of second number with borrow 410EH MOV H.

What is a programmable peripheral device ? . List some of the features of INTEL 8259 (Programmable Interrupt Controller 5. What is Polling? 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT DATA COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What are the different types of Polling? 3. What is the need for interrupt controller? 4.

(ii) Power cable. If the result is not zero. goto step5 Step10: Move BC register pair content to HL pair Step11: Store the accumulator content Step12: Stop the process . goto step7.Experiment No: MULTIPLICATION OF TWO 16 BIT NUMBERS Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to multiply two 16 bit numbers & store the result APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in HL pair Step 2: Exchange the data with DE pair Step 3:Get the second data in HL pair Step 4: Copy the data in Stack Pointer(SP) Step 5: DAD with SP Step6: If there is carry. else goto step8 Step7: Increment BC pair Step8: Decrement DE pair Step9: Move E-reg content to accumulator Step10: OR DE pair content with accumulator.

OR accumulator content With DE pair content NO Is the result zero? YES Store the result Stop . . Exchange HL pair content with DE pair Perform double addition Is there carry? NO YES Increment BC-reg content by 1 Decrement DE register pair by one Move E-reg content to accumulator DE reg pair.FLOWCHART: Start Load the HL pair with 1st data. Exchange the data with DE pair Get the second data in HL pair.

0000H LXI B.E ORA D JNZ L2 SHLD 4504H MOV A.C STA 4506H MOV A. .PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4104H LHLD 4500H SPHL LHLD 4502 Load the HL pair with 1st data Exchange the data with DE pair Get the second data in HL pair Exchange HL pair content with DE pair Initialise HL pair & DE pair with00H Perform double addition If there is no carry.B STA 4507H HLT L2: L1: RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 16 bit multiplication had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location. goto L1 Increment the content of BC reg pair by one Decrement the content of DE reg pair by one Move E-reg content to accumulator OR accumulator content with DE reg pair Jump to L2 if not zero Store HL pair content in 4504H Move C-reg content to accumulator Store HL pair content in 4506H Move B-reg content to accumulator Store accumulator content in 4507H Stop the process 4107H 4108H 410BH 410EH 410FH 4112H 4113H 4114H 4115H 4116H 4119H 411CH 411DH 4120H 4121H 4124H XCHG LXI H. 0000H DAD SP JNC L1 INX B DCX D MOV A.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT DATA COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. .

Experiment No: DIVISION OF TWO 16 BIT NUMBERS AIM: Date: To write an Assembly Language Program to divide two 16 bit numbers & store the quotient & remainder APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step6: Stop the process . (ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in DE pair Step 2: Get the second data in HL pair Step 3: Subtract the lower order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Step 4: Subtract the higher order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Step 5: Store the result in . in memory locations 4204H and 4205H.

Divisor(2300H).FLOWCHART: Start Dividend (2200H) & (2201H) .Divisor NO Count = Count-1 NO Is count = 0? YES Store the quotient & remainder Stop . Quotient = Quotient*2 YES Is divisor <= dividend ? Dividend = Dividend. Count=8. Quotient =0 Dividend = Dividend*2.

PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4102H 4105H 4108H 4109H MVI E.H STA 4303H HLT Store Quotient Store Remainder Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 16 bit division had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location. . 08 Initialise Quotient = 0 Get dividend Get divisor Store divisor Initialise Count = 8 NEXT: 410BH DAD H Dividend = Dividend x 2 410CH MOV A.1 If count =0 repeat 411AH MOV A. 00H LHLD 4200H LDA 4204H MOV B.H SUB B JC SKIP MOV H. go to Next step Subtract divisor 4115H INR E Quotient = Quotient + 1 SKIP: 4116H 4117H DCR C JNZ NEXT Count = Count . E 411BH 411EH 411FH 4122H STA 4301H MOV A. E 410DH 410EH 410FH 4110H 4111H 4114H RLC MOV E.A MOV A.A Quotient = Quotient x 2 Is most significant byte of Dividend > divisor No. A MVI C.

5. 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT DATA COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 3. What is synchronous data transfer scheme? What is asynchronous data transfer scheme? What are the operating modes of 8212? Explain the working of a handshake output port What are the internal devices of 8255 ? . 4.

(ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Move 01H to both C-reg & E-reg Step 2: Load the accumulator with the content of 4200H Step 3: Subtract accumulator content & C-reg content Step 4: If accumulator content is zero. goto step7.Experiment No: Date: SQUARE ROOT OF 8 BIT NUMBER AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to find square root of a 8 bit number using 8085 APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. else goto step5 Step 5: Increment C-reg content by two Step6: Increment E-reg content by one & return to label Step7: Move E.reg content to accumulator Step8: Store the accumulator value in 4201H Step9: Stop the process .

Load the accumulator with the content of 4200H : Subtract accumulator content & C-reg content Is Accumulator content zero? YES NO Increment C-reg content by two Increment E-reg content by one & return to label Move E.FLOWCHART: Start Move 01H to both C-reg & E-reg.reg content to accumulator Store accumulator value in 4201H Stop .

reg Load the accumulator with the content of 4200 Subtract accumulator content & C-reg content If accumulator content is zero.E STA 4201H HLT LABEL: Move 01 to C.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4102H 4104H 4107H 4108H 410BH 410CH 410DH 410EH 4111H 4112H 4115H MVI C.reg content to accumulator Store the accumulator value in 4201 Stop the process LABEL1: RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for square root of a 8 bit number had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location. .01 MVI E.reg Move 01 to E.01 LDA 4200H SUB C JZ LABEL1 INR C INR C INR E JMP LABEL MOV A. goto label1 Increment C-reg content by two Increment E-reg content by one Return to label Move E.

3. . 4. 2. What are the tasks involved in keyboard interface? 1.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS What is baud rate? What is USART? What are the control words of 8251A and what are its functions ? Give some examples of input devices to microprocessor-based system 5.

(ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM Step 1: Initialize memory pointer with 4300H Step 2 Get the MSB & multiply it by 10 using repeated addition Step 3: Add the LSB to the obtained result Step4: Store the hexadecimal value in 4201H Step5: Stop the process .Experiment No: BCD TO HEX CONVERSION AIM: Date: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a BCD number to a hexadecimal number using 8085 APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard.

FLOWCHART Start Initialize memory pointer with 4300H Get the MSB & multiply it by 10 using repeated addition Add the LSB to the obtained result Store the hexadecimal result in the memory location Stop .

A HLT Initialize memory pointer MSD *2 Store MSB *2 MSB *4 MSB *8 MSB *10 Point to LSB Add to form hex Store the result Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to convert BCD number to hexadecimal.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4104H 4105H 4106H 4107H 4108H 4109H 410AH 410BH 410CH 410DH LXI H.A ADD A ADD A ADD B INX H ADD M INX H MOV M.4300H MOV A. had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location. .M ADD A MOV B.

2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 5. How a keyboard matrix is formed in keyboard interface using 8279? What is scanning in keyboard and what is scan time? What are the internal devices of a typical DAC? What is settling or conversion time in DAC? What are the different types of ADC? . 4. 3.

(ii) Power cable.Experiment No: Date: HEX TO BCD CONVERSION AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a hexadecimal number to BCD using 8085 APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. ALGORITHM Step 1: Initialize memory pointer with 4300H Step 2 Get the hexadecimal number in C-reg Step 3: Perform repeated addition for C number of times Step4: Adjust for BCD in each step Step5: Store the BCD number in the memory location Step6: Stop the process .

FLOWCHART Start Initialize memory pointer with 4300H Get the hexadecimal number in C-reg Adjust for BCD in each step & Perform repeated addition for C number of times Store the BCD number in the memory location Stop .

M ADD A MOV B.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4104H 4105H 4106H 4107H 4108H 4109H 410AH 410BH 410CH 410DH LXI H.A HLT Initialize memory pointer MSD *2 Store MSB *2 MSB *4 MSB *8 MSB *10 Point to LSB Add to form hex Store the result Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to convert hexadecimal number to BCD. OBSERVATION: .4300H MOV A.A ADD A ADD A ADD B INX H ADD M INX H MOV M. had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.

Define stack What is program counter? How is it useful in program execution? How the microprocessor is synchronized with peripherals? What is a minimum system and how it is formed in 8085? Define bit. . 4. 2. 5. 3.ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. byte and word.

Step6: Decrement B-reg by 1& if B-reg content is zero. else goto step3 Step10: Stop the process . Clear accumulator contents Step5: Add the contents of accumulator & D-reg.Experiment No: FACTORIAL OF A GIVEN NUMBER Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to find factorial of a given hexadecimal number APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. ALGORITHM Step 1: Initialize memory pointer with 4200H Step2: Get the multiplicand in E-reg & move it to the next memory location. (ii) Power cable. Decrement E-reg by 1 Step3: Move the multiplicand to accumulator Step 4: Get the multiplier in B reg& move to the multiplicand to D-reg. goto step7. else goto step5 Step7: Move accumulator contents to memory Step8: Decrement E reg & move E-reg contents to C-reg & : Decrement C reg Step9: If C-reg content is zero goto step10.

Decrement B-reg by one NO Is B-reg Content zero? YES Move accumulator toMemory Decrement E reg & move E-reg contents To C-reg Decrement C-reg . . Get the multiplier in Breg. Decrement E-reg by 1 Move the multiplicand to accumulator. Is C. Move to the multiplicand D-reg& clear accumulator contents Add the contents of accumulator & D-reg.FLOWCHART Start Initialise the HL pair with the address 4200H Get the multiplicand in E-reg & move it to the next memory location.reg =0 ? YES Stop NO .

reg content is zero Move accumulator contents to memory Decrement E-reg by 1 move E-reg contents to Creg Decrement C reg by 1 Check whether C.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4300H 4303H 4304H 4305H 4306H 4307H 4308H 4309H 430AH LXI H. .M MOV B. Decrement B-reg by 1 Check whether B.E MOV D.reg content is zero Stop the process LOOP2: 430BH 430CH 430DH 4310H 4311H 4312H ADD D DCR B JNZ LOOP2 MOV M. Decrement E-reg by 1 Move the multiplicand to accumulator Get the multiplier in B reg& move to the multiplicand to D-reg Clear accumulator contents Add the contents of accumulator & D-reg.A XRA A LOOP1: Initialize memory pointer with 4200H Get the multiplicand in E-reg & move it to the next memory location.E 4313H 4314H 4317H DCR C JNZ LOOP1 HLT RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to convert to find factorial of a given hexadecimal number had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.E DCR E MOV A.A DCR E MOV C.4200H MOV E.M INX H MOV M.

What is PSW? 2. What is the purpose of ALE? 3. What is the need for interrupt controller? 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. Give some examples of input devices to microprocessor-based system 5 Give some examples of port devices used in 8085 microprocessor based system? .

APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 3: Move next data to CX reg. Step 9: Stop the Process . with 00H to account for carry. Step 6: Increment BL reg. content with the AX reg. Step 2: Move one of the data to AX reg. Step 5: ADD the CX reg. Step 7: Move the sum to 1200H. Step 4: Clear Carry Flag. (ii) Power Cable.Experiment No: Date: 8086-ADDITION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an assembly language program to add two 16 bit numbers and store the sum in the memory location 1200H and carry in 1202H. Step 8: Move the carry to 1202H. Otherwise go to next step. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the BL reg. Jump to step 7 if no carry occurs.

FLOWCHART: Start Initialize BL reg. Clear Carry Flag Add CX and AX reg. with 00H Move Data into AX and CX reg. Is Carry Set? ` YES NO Increment BL reg Store Sum and Carry to Memory Stop .

PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 1000H 1003H 1007H 100BH 100CH 100EH MNEMONICS MOV BL. Clear Carry Flag. Move the data FFFFH to AX reg. CX JNC LOOP INC BL MOV[1200H].FFFFH MOV CX. If no carry occurs. Move the data 001FH to CX reg. Increment BL reg.00H MOV AX. RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for Addition of two 16-bit numbers had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations. Move the AX content (sum)to 1200H & 1201H. . Add the content of CX to AX. jump to LOOP.001FH CLC ADD AX. Stop the Process.BL HLT OPCODE OPERAND LOOP 1010H 1012H 1016H 101AH COMMENTS Move 00H to BL reg. Move the BL content to 1202H. to account for carry.AX MOV[1202H].

5. 3.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is the name given to the register combination DX:AX? What are the modes in which 8086 can operate? What is the data and address size in 8086? Explain the function of M/IO in 8086. Write the flags of 8086 . 4. 2.

APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 4: Clear Carry Flag. (ii) Power Cable. Step 2: Move Minuend to AX reg. Step 8: Move the borrow to 1202H. Step 5: Subtract the CX reg.Experiment No: Date: 8086-SUBTRACTION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an assembly language program to Subtract two 16 bit numbers and store the difference in the memory location 1200H and borrow in 1202H. Jump to step 7 if no carry occurs. Otherwise go to next step. Step 7: Move the difference to 1200H. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the BL reg with 00H to account for borrow. Step 9: Stop the Process . Step 6: Increment BL reg. Step 3: Move Subtrahend to CX reg. content from the AX reg.

Clear Carry Flag Subtract CX from AX reg.FLOWCHART: Start Initialize BL reg. NO Is Carry Set? YES Increment BL reg Store Difference and Borrow in memory Stop . with 00H Move Data into AX and CX reg.

.BL HLT OPCODE OPERAND LOOP 1010H 1012H 1016H 101AH COMMENTS Move 00H to BL reg. CX JNC LOOP INC BL MOV[1200H].PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 1000H 1003H 1007H 100BH 100CH 100EH MNEMONICS MOV BL. Clear Carry Flag. If no carry occurs. Stop the Process. Move the AX content (difference) to 1200H. to account for carry.OO1FH CLC SUB AX. Move the BL content to 1202H. jump to LOOP. RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for Subtraction of two 16-bit numbers had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations.AX MOV[1202H]. Increment BL reg. Move the data FFFFH to AX reg. Subtract the content of CX from AX. Move the data 001FH to CX reg.00H MOV AX.FFFFH MOV CX.

3. 4. 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS What are the interrupts of 8086? How clock signal is generated in 8086? What is the maximum internal clock frequency of 8086? Write the special functions carried by the general purpose registers of 8086 5. . What is pipelined architecture? 1.

Step 9: Stop the Process . APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 6: Increment BL reg. Jump to step 7 if no carry occurs. Step 3: Move Multiplier to CX reg. Otherwise go to next step. Step 4: Clear Carry Flag. with the AX reg. with 00H to account for carry. Step 7: Move the content of AX & BL to the specified memory locations.Experiment No: Date: 8086-MULTIPLICATION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an assembly language program for Multiplication of two 16 bit numbers using 8086 instruction set. Step 2: Move Multiplicand to AX reg. (ii) Power Cable. Step 5: Multiply the CX reg. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the BL reg.

Clear Carry Flag Multiply CX and AX reg. with 00H Move Data into AX and CX reg. content Is Carry Set? YES NO Increment BL reg Store the result in memory location Stop .FLOWCHART: Start Initialize BL reg.

Move the AX content to 1200H & 1201H.11A2H MOV CX. jump to LOOP.00H MOV AX.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 1000H 1003H 1007H 100BH 100DH MNEMONICS MOV BL. Stop the Process.BL HLT OPCODE OPERAND LOOP 100FH 1011H 1015H 1019H 101DH COMMENTS Move 00H to BL reg. Increment BL reg. Move the data 11A2H to AX reg.DX MOV[1204H].11B3H MUL CX JNC LOOP INC BL MOV[1200H]. Move the BL content to 1204H. Multiply the content of CX to AX reg. Move the data 11B3H to CX reg. to account for carry. RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for Multiplication of two 16-bit numbers had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations OBSERVATION: .AX MOV[1202]. If no carry occurs. Move the DX content to 1202H & 1203H.

Illustrate the use of LEA. 3L and DL together. What instructions are needed to add AL. What is purpose served by CX register? 5. List the segment registers of 8086 2. LDS.ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. and Place the result in CL? 4. and LES instruction 3. Which are pointers present in this 8086? .

and higher order byte of dividend to DX reg. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 4: Move the content of AX & DX in the specified memory locations. Step 2: Move Divisor to CX reg.Experiment No: Date: 8086-DIVISION OF 32 BIT NUMBER BY 16-BIT NUMBER AIM: To write an assembly language program for Division of 32 bit number by 16 bit number using 8086 microprocessor kit. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Move the lower order byte of dividend to AX reg. . Step 3: Divide the content of AX&DX by CX reg. Step 5: Stop the Process. (ii) Power Cable.

FLOWCHART: Start Move the Dividend into AX and DX reg Move the Divisor Value to CX reg Divide DX & AX by CX contents Store the Quotient value in desired memory Store the remainder in desired memory Stop .

Move the DX content to 1202H.01A1H DIV CX MOV[1200H]. Stop the Process 1000H 1004H 1008H 100CH 100EH 1012H 1016H RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the Division of 32 –bit number by 16-bit number had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location .AX MOV[1202H].DX HLT OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS Move the data FFFFH to AX reg Move the data 0012H to DX reg Move the Divisor 01A1 to CX reg Divide the content of AX&DX BY CX Move the AX content to 1200H.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV AX.FFFFH MOV DX. 0012H MOV CX.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. . 4. 5. How is register AL is used during execution of XLAT? What is the use of PUSH and POP instruction? What is the purpose of XCHG instruction? What do square brackets means when they appear in an operand? Write a routine to swap nibbles in AL. 3. 2.

ALGORITHM: Step 1: AX is initialized with data & AX is moved into DS Step 2: Initialize CX to 5 Step 3: Load the effective address in SI & DI. Repeat this until an interrupt is raised Step 6: Stop the Process.Experiment No: Date: 8086 -REVERSAL OF A STRING AIM: To write an assembly language program to reverse a given string using 8086 microprocessor kit APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Add SI with 04 Step 4: Move SI to AL Step 5: Decrement SI & Increment DI. (ii) Power Cable. . .

FLOWCHART: Start AX is initialized with data & AX is moved into DS CX is initialized to 5 Load the effective address in SI & DI. Add SI with 04 SI is moved to AL Decrement SI & Increment DI Repeat this until an interrupt is raised Stop .

0004 OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS AX is initialized with data AX is moved into DS CX is initialized to 5 Load the effective address in SI & DI Add SI content with 04 SI is moved to AL AL is moved into DI Decrement SI Increment DI AGAIN: MOV AL.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV AX . A1 LEA DI.[SI] MOV [DI]. A2 ADD SI. AX MOV CX.AL DEC SI INC DI LOOP AGAIN INT 3 END Interrupt Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for string reversal has been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location . 0005H LEA SI.@ DATA MOV DS.

4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT OUTPUT COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 3. 5. 2. What is stack and Subroutine? Difference between Microprocessor & Microcontroller What is the maximum memory addressing and I/O addresing capabilities of 8086? . Mention the features of 8086? Explain how physical address is formed in 8086.

8086 –ADDITION OF TWO 32 BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an assembly language program to add two 32 bit numbers using 8086 APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. . (ii) Power Cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: AX is initialized with data & AX is moved into DS Step 2: Initialize CX to 5 Step 3: Load the effective address in SI & DI. . Add SI with 04 Step 4: Move SI to AL Step 5: Decrement SI & Increment DI. Repeat this until an interrupt is raised Step 6: Stop the Process.

FLOWCHART: Start AX is initialized with data & AX is moved to DS Data2 is moved to BX & added with Data4 Data3 is moved toCX &added with carry with data4 Data 4C is moved to AH & AL content is moved to DI Interrupt is raised Stop .

@ DATA MOV DS.AL INT 21H END RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 32 –bit addition has been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location .4CH MOV [DI]. Data4 MOV CX.Data1 ADC CX. Data3 MOV AH. AX OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS AX is initialized with data AX is moved into DS Move data2 to BX Data4 is added with BX content Move data1 to CX Data3 is added with CX content Data 4C is moved to AH AL content is moved to DI Interrupt Stop the Process MOV BX.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV AX . Data2 ADD BX.

What do square brackets means when they appear in an operand? What is the difference between MOV AX. Which are pointers present in this 8086? What is meant by Maskable interrupts? . 5. 2. 0 and SUB AX. 4.MODEL SMALL: DATA: Data1 Data2 Data3 Data4 DW DW DW DW VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 3. AX? Write a routine to swap nibbles in AL.

. Step 7: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. (ii) Power Cable. . Step 8: Stop the Process.1) in B register. If carry flag is set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). decrement the repitition count Step 6: Check ZF. otherwise do next step. Step5: Check CF. Step 4: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of Accumulator. decrement comparison count. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 2: Get the count 2. Step 3: Move the data from memory location pointed to the Accumulator. If zero flag is set (accumulator content is equal to the other number). number of comparisons (length of array -1) in C register. number of repetitions (length of array . ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the count 1.Experiment No: Date: 8086-ASCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an assembly language program to arrange the given data in ascending Order using 8086 microprocessor kit.

FLOWCHART: Start Initialize memory pointer to get N. the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < (pointer+1)? YES NO Interchange Numbers Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 = Zero? YES Decrement COUNT 1 NO Is COUNT 1 = zero? YES Stop .

CL DEC DL LOOP L1 END RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in ascending Order had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location . A[BX+1] OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS Move 05 to CL Move 05 to DL Decrement CL register Move 00H to BX Move the 1st data to AL Compare the 1st & 2nd data If 1st data is lesser than 2nd.DATA SEGMENT: A DB 5 DUP(0) DATA ENDS CODE SEGMENT: ASSUME CS: CODE. A[BX+1] JB L3 XCHG AL. goto L1 Stop the process L1: L2: MOV A[BX]. goto L3 If 1st data is greater than 2nd.05H MOV DL. A[BX] CMP AL. AL L3: INC BX LOOP L2 MOV DL.00H MOV AL. exchange the data Move AL content to BX Increment BX by 1 Goto L2 Move CL content to DL Decrement DL content If the count is not zero. DS: DATA PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV CL.05H DEC CL MOV BX.

3.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 2. From which address the 8086 starts execution after reset? What are the modes in which 8086 can operate? What is the data and address size in 8086? What is purpose served by CX register? Which are pointers present in this 8086 . 4. 5.

Step 3: Move the data from memory location pointed to the Accumulator. If zero flag is set (accumulator content is equal to the other number). (ii) Power Cable. Step 7: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. number of comparisons (length of array -1) in C register. Step 2: Get the count 2. . APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. If carry flag is set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). number of repetitions (length of array . decrement comparison count. Step5: Check CF. Step 8: Stop the Process. otherwise do next step. .Experiment No: Date: 8086-DESCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an assembly language program to arrange the given data in descending Order using 8086 microprocessor kit. Step 4: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of Accumulator. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the count 1.1) in B register. decrement the repitition count Step 6: Check ZF.

the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < (pointer+1)? YES NO Interchange Numbers Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 = Zero? YES Decrement COUNT 1 NO Is COUNT 1 = zero? YES Stop .FLOWCHART: Start Initialize memory pointer to get N.

A[BX+1] OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS Move 05 to CL Move 05 to DL Decrement CL register Move 00H to BX Move the 1st data to AL Compare the 1st & 2nd data If 1st data is lesser than 2nd.05H MOV DL. goto L3 If 1st data is greater than 2nd. goto L1 Stop the process L1: L2: MOV A[BX]. A[BX] CMP AL.DATA SEGMENT: A DB 5 DUP(0) DATA ENDS CODE SEGMENT: ASSUME CS: CODE.00H MOV AL. A[BX+1] JA L3 XCHG AL. DS: DATA PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV CL. exchange the data Move AL content to BX Increment BX by 1 Goto L2 Move CL content to DL Decrement DL content If the count is not zero. AL L3: INC BX LOOP L2 MOV DL.05H DEC CL MOV BX.CL DEC DL LOOP L1 END RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in desscending Order had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location .

MOV AL.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. BP=1000h and DI=0100h. Suppose that DS=1000h. [BP + DI] 2. What is the difference between JUMP and LOOP instructions? 4. Form a jump instruction that jumps to the address pointed by the BX register? 3. SS=2000h. What is the instruction needed to count the number of 1’s found in AL? 5. Determine the memory address accessed by each of the following instruction. What conditional jump instruction should be used after CMP AL. 30H to jump when AL equals 30H? .

Step 10: Stop the process. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Clear register Ro Step 2: Get the data in accumulator. Step 8: Make the data pointer to point the next address by increment the DPTR. Step 5: Check the carry flag. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 6: Increment the register Ro. Step 3: Add the second data with the first data. (ii) Power Cable. go to step 7. Step 7: Store the sum (content of accumulator)to the address pointed by the data pointer. otherwise do next step. If no carry occur. Step 9: Store the carry to that address. Step 4: Make the data pointer to point the address 4500H. .Experiment No: Date: 8051-ADDITION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To perform the addition of two 8 bit numbers using immediate addressing and store the result in memory.

FLOWCHART: Start Get first data in accumulator & clear Ro reg Make DP to point 4500H ADD second data with accumulator Is Carry Set YES Increment Ro reg NO Store Sum and Carry in memory using DP Stop .

A 4110H NOP Move the data 00H to reg Ro. #4500H JNC LOOP INC Ro MOV X@DPTR.#data1 ADD A. Ro 410FH MOV @ DPTR. If no carry occurs go to address 410C.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4102H 4104H MNEMONICS MOV Ro.#data2 OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4106H 4109H 410BH LOOP MOV DPTR.#00H MOV A. RESULT: Thus the addition of two 8-bit data using immediate addressing is performed and executed. Move the first data in accumulator Add the second data with the accumulator. Move the data from accumulator to the address denoted by DPTR No operation.A 410CH 410DH 410EH INC DPTR MOV A. Move the address 4500H to DPTR. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the DPTR Move the content from reg Ro to the accumulator. . Increment the DPTR.

OBSERVATION:

ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT

DATA

COMMENTS

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS

1. What is called microcontroller? 2. What is the difference between microprocessor and microcontroller? 3. How many flags are there in 8051 4. How many addressing modes are in 8051 5. What is called Datapointer?

Experiment No:

Date:

8051-SUBTRACTION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS

AIM: To perform the subtraction of two 8 bit numbers using immediate addressing and store the result in memory.

APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. (ii) Power Cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Clear register Ro Step 2: Get the data in accumulator. Step 3: Subtract the second data with the first data. Step 4: Make the data pointer to point the address 4500H. Step 5: Check the carry flag. If no carry occur, go to step 7, otherwise do next step. Step 6: Increment the register Ro. Step 7: Store the difference (content of accumulator)to the address pointed by the data pointer. Step 8: Make the data pointer to point the next address by increment the DPTR. Step 9: Store the borrow to that address. Step 10: Stop the process.

FLOWCHART:

Start

Get first data in accumulator & clear Ro reg

Make DP to point 4500H

Subtract second data with accumulator

Is Borrow Obtained YES Increment Ro reg

NO

Store Difference and Borrow in memory using DP

Stop

Move the data from accumulator to the address denoted by DPTR No operation.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4302H 4304H MNEMONICS MOV Ro. Increment the DPTR. Move the first data in accumulator Subtract the second data with the accumulator. #4500H JNC LOOP INC Ro MOV X@DPTR. If no carry occurs go to address 410C.#data2 OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4306H 4309H 430BH LOOP MOV DPTR. RESULT: Thus the subtraction of two 8-bit data using immediate addressing is performed and executed.#00H MOV A. .A 430CH 430DH 430EH INC DPTR MOV A. Ro 430FH MOV @ DPTR. A 4310H NOP Move the data 00H to reg Ro. Move the address 4500H to DPTR. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the DPTR Move the content from reg Ro to the accumulator.#data1 SUB A.

How many flags are affected in SUB instructions 5.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1 . What is called Indirect addressing mode? 4. #4500H instruction . What is called Immediate addressing mode? 3. How many bytes is used for the instruction MOV DPTR. How many registers are in 8051 2.

Step 2: Get the second data in reg B. (ii) Power Cable. Step 6: Increment the data pointer. Step 4: Get the data pointer to point the address 4500H.Experiment No: Date: 8051-MULTIPICATION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an 8051 assembly language program to multiply two 8-bit numbers and store the result in memory. Step 3: Multiply two 8-bit data. Step 7: Store the MSB of the result in the address pointed by DPTR. . Step 8: Stop the process. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 5: Store the LSB of the result from the accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in accumulator.

FLOWCHART: Start

Clear carry flag

Get multiplicand in accumulator

Get multiplier in B reg

Multiply accumulator with B

Store the result in memory

Stop

PROGRAM:

LABEL START

ADDRESS

4300H 4302H 4305H 4306H 4309H

MNEMONICS MOV A,#data1 MOV F0,#data2 MUL B MOV DPTR, #4500H MOV X@DPTR,A

OPCODE

OPERAND

COMMENTS

430AH 430BH

INC DPTR MOV A,B

430DH

MOV X@DPTR,A

430EH

NOP

Move the data 1 to accumulator. Move the data 2 the reg B. Multiply A & B. Move the address 4500H to DPTR. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the DPTR. Move the content of B reg to the accumulator. Move the data from accumulator to the address denoted by DPTR. No operation.

RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the multiplication of two 8-bit data has been written and executed & the results are stored in desired memory location.

OBSERVATION:

ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT

DATA

COMMENTS

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS

1. What is F0 in this instruction MOV F0,#data? 2. What is called Stack pointer? 3. Define Flag register 4. What is the use of this instruction MOVX@ DPTR, A? 5. What type of addressing mode is used for the instruction MUL AB?

Step 2: Get the second data in reg B.Experiment No: Date: 8051-DIVISION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an 8051 assembly language program to divide two 8-bit numbers and store the result in memory. . Step 6: Increment the data pointer. Step 8: Stop the process. Step 5: Store the Quotient of the result from the accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in accumulator. Step 7: Store the remainder of the result in the address pointed by DPTR. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 4: Get the data pointer to point the address 4500H. Step 3: Divide two 8-bit data. (ii) Power Cable.

FLOWCHART: Start Clear carry flag Get dividend in accumulator Get divisor in B reg Divide accumulator with B Store the result in memory Stop .

Move the address 4500H to DPTR. Divide A by B. Move the content of B reg to the accumulator. #4500H MOV X@DPTR.A OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 430AH 430BH INC DPTR MOV A. RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the division of two 8-bit data has been written and executed & the results are stored in desired memory location . Move the data 2 the reg B.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4302H 4305H 4306H 4309H MNEMONICS MOV A. Move the data from accumulator to the address denoted by DPTR.B 430DH MOV X@DPTR.#data1 MOV F0.A 430EH NOP Move the data 1 to accumulator. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the DPTR.#data2 DIV B MOV DPTR. No operation.

The mnemonics used in writing a program is called _______________________ 2. What is called Implied addressing mode? 5. What is called Fetch Cycle? 3. What is called Direct addressing mode? 4. What is the use of POP instruction? .OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

Step 11: Stop the process. go to step8 . Step 5: Increment the datapointer and add with carry HB of 2nd data with HB of 1st data. Step 6 :Check the carry flag.Experiment No: Date: 8051-ADDITION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To perform the addition of two 16 bit numbers using immediate addressing and store the result in memory. otherwise do next step. If no carry occur. Step 3: Increment the datapointer and move the firtdata HB to R2 register. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Clear register Ro Step 2: Make the datapointer to point the address 4500 and move first data LB to R1 register. Step 9: Make the data pointer to point the next address by increment the DPTR. . Step 7: Increment the register Ro. Step 4: Increment the datapointer and add the LB of 1st data with LB of 2nd data and store in R1 register. Step 8: Store the sum (content of accumulator)to the address pointed by the data pointer. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 10: Store the carry to that address. (ii) Power Cable.

FLOWCHART: Start Clear R0 reg.Increment DPTR move 1st data HB to R2 reg.Increment DPTR Add LB of 1st and 2nd data Increment DPTR ADD with carry HB of2nd data with 1st Is Carry Set YES Increment Ro reg NO Store Sum and Carry in memory using DP Stop . Make DP to point 4500H Move 1st data LB to R1 reg .

@DPTR 4109 MOV R2.A .A 410A 410B INC DPTR MOV X A.A 410E 410F INC DPTR MOV X A. Move the address 4500H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the content of LB of 1st data from accumulator to reg R1 Increment Data pointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the content of LB of 1st data from accumulator to reg R2 Increment Data pointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Add the content of LB of 2nd data from reg R1with accumulator Move the content of accumulator to reg R1 Increment Data pointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Add with carry the content of HB of 2nd data from reg R2 with accumulator Move the content of 4110 ADDC A.@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4106 MOV R1.@DPTR 410C ADD A. #4500H MOV X A.RI 410D MOV R1.#00H MOV DPTR.A 4107 4108 INC DPTR MOV X A.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4102 4105 MNEMONICS MOV Ro.R2 4111 MOV R2.@DPTR Move the data 00H to reg Ro.

R2 4119 411A INC DPTR MOVX @ DPTR.A 4118 MOV A. RESULT: Thus the addition of two 8-bit data using immediate addressing is performed and executed.Increment the DPTR.R1 LOOP 4116 4117 INC DPTR MOV X@DPTR. A 411E NOP accumulator to the reg R2. If no carry occurs go to address 4115 Increment reg R0 Move the content of reg R1 to accumulator . A 411B MOV A.R0 411C 411D INC DPTR MOVX @ DPTR. .4112 4114 4115 JNC LOOP INC Ro MOV A. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Move the content of reg R2 to accumulator Increment the DPTR Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Move the content of reg R0 to accumulator Increment the DPTR Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR No operation.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

What is the use of POP instruction? What is called Vector Location? Define Interrupt? What is the length of Stack pointer? What is the length of Instruction Register?

Experiment No:

Date:

TRANSFERING A BLOCK OF DATA FROM INTERNAL TO EXTERNAL MEMORY

AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to transfer the block of data starting from Internal memory location 31 to the memory location 4401H. The total number of data is stored at 4400H. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. (ii) Power Cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4400H. Step 2: Move the total number of data to the R0 register. Step 3: Move the internal RAM Memory location 31 to the register R1. Step 4: Increment the destination block pointer. Step 5: Move the indirect Ram to the accumulator. Step 6: Store the first data to the destination address. Step 7: Increment the source block pointer. Step 8: Decrement the R0 register. Step 9: If ZF=0, go to step 4.otherwise go to next step. Step 10: Stop the Process.

FLOWCHART: Start

Move DPTR to point to 4400

Load the total number of input data In R0 reg

Move direct byte 31 to R1 reg.

Store data byte to destination block

Increment the source & destination block pointer

Decrement R0 reg

NO If ZF=1 YES Stop

@R1 MOV X @DPTR. .PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4200H 4203 MNEMONICS MOV DPTR.program control jump to label. No operation RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to transfer the block of data from Internal memory location 31 to 4401H has been written and verified.A 4207 4208 4209 420A 420B 420C INC R1 DEC R0 JNZ LOOP 420E NOP Move the address 4400H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Get count of total number of data bytes in R0 reg. #4400H MOV X A.A 4205 LOOP MOV R1. Move immediate data to the reg R1 Increment datapointer Movev indirect RAM to accumulator Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the register R1 Decrement the register R0 If ZF=0.@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4204 MOV R0.#31 INC DPTR MOV A.

What is the length of Memory Address Register? What is the length of Data buffer Register? What is the length of Program Counter? What is the length of Temporary Register? What is the length of Accumulator? . 4. 3. 2. 5.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

Step 9: If ZF=0. .Experiment No: Date: TRANSFERING A BLOCK OF DATA FROM EXTERNAL TO EXTERNAL MEMORY AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to transfer the block of data starting from memory location 4501H to 4800H.otherwise go to next step. (ii) Power Cable. Step 7: Store the first data to the destination address. Step 10: Stop the Process. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4500H. Step 2: Move the total number of data to the R0 register. Step 3: Move the Higher order byte of source to R1 register Step 4: Move the Higher order byte of destination to R2 register Step 5: Move the content of register R1 to datapointer. Step 8: Decrement the R0 register. Step 6: Increment the destination block pointer. go to step 5. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. The total number of data is stored at 4500H.

FLOWCHART: Start Move DPTR to point 4500 Move 45 to R1 and 48 to R2 reg Move count to R0 and R1 reg content to DPH Store data byte to destination block Increment the source & destination block pointer Decrement R0 reg NO If ZF=1 YES Stop .

Move the direct data to R2 register.A 4310 4311 DEC R0 JNZ LOOP 4313 NOP Move the address 4300H to DPTR Move the higher order byte of Data pointer to R1 register.#45H OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4305H 4307H MOV R2. Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Get count of total number of data bytes in R0 reg.A LOOP 4309H MOV DPH. . Increment datapointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the content of the register R2 to the destination Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Decrement the register R0 If ZF=0.#48H MOV X A. No operation RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to transfer the block of data from memory location 4501H to 4800H has been written and verified.@DPTR 430D MOV DPH.program control jump to label.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4303H MNEMONICS MOV DPTR.R1 430B 430C INC DPTR MOV X A. #4500H MOV R1. Move the content of the reg R1 to higher order byte of thev Datapointer.R2 430F MOV X @DPTR.@DPTR 4308H MOV R0.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 4. 2. 3. How many I/O ports can be accessed in Direct Method? How many lines are there in address bus What is called Program Counter? What is called Instruction Register ? What is the direction of databus? . 5.

The ASCII data is stored in 4600H and Hexadecimal data is store in 4601H. Step 3: Move the direct byte 30 to the register R1. Step 5:Increment the Data pointer. Step 2: Move the ASCIIl number to accumulator. . Step 6: Store the equivalent hexa decimal number to the datapointer. Step 7: Stop the Process.Experiment No: Date: ASCII TO ITS EQUIVALENT HEXADECIMAL CONVERSION AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a ASCII number to Hexadecimal number. Step 4: Subtract with borrow the content of the register R1 with the accumulator. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4600H. (ii) Power Cable. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor.

FLOWCHART: START Move DPTR to point 4600 Move Hexadecimal num to Acc Mov 30 to R1 reg and Sub with Acc Increment DPTR Move the result to DPTR STOP .

#4600H MOV X A.#30 SUBB A.@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4304 4306 MOV R1.A 4309 NOP Move the address 4600H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the direct byte to the register R1 Subtract with borrow the content of register R1 with accumulator Increment datapointer Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR No operation RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to convert a ASCII number to equivalent Hexadecimal number has been written and verified.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4303 MNEMONICS MOV DPTR.R1 4307 4308 INC DPTR MOV X @DPTR. .

3. 2. 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT OUTPUT COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. Which byte of an instruction is loaded into IR register What is the length of Stackpointer? What is the length of Status word? How many interrupts are there in 8051 What is PSW? . 5.

(ii) Power Cable. Step 6: Store the equivalent ASCII number to the datapointer. Step 4: Add the content of the register R1 with the accumulator. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 5:Increment the Data pointer. Step 3: Move the direct byte 30 to the register R1. Step 2: Move the content of datapointer to accumulator. Step 7: Stop the Process.Experiment No: Date: HEXADECIMAL TO ITS EQUIVALENT ASCII CONVERSION AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a Hexadecimal number to its equivalent ASCII number The Hexadecimal data is stored in 4600H and ASCII data is stored in 4601H. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4600H. .

FLOWCHART: START Move DPTR to point 4600 Move Hexadecimal num to Acc Mov 30 to R1 reg and add with Acc Increment DPTR Move the result to DPTR STOP .

#30 ADD A.R1 4307H 4308H INC DPTR MOV X @DPTR. #4600H MOV X A.@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4304H 4306H MOV R1.A 4309H NOP Move the address 4600H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the direct byte to the register R1 Add the content of register R1 with accumulator Increment datapointer Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR No operation RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to convert a ASCII number to equivalent Hexadecimal number has been written and verified .PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4303H MNEMONICS MOV DPTR.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT OUTPUT COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 3. 4. . 5. 2. How many I/o ports can be accessed by direct method How many I/o ports can be accessed by Memory mapped method What is called Vectored Interrupt? What is called Maskable interrupt? When interrupt service request is serviced .

APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor.e. Step 14: If the number of comparison is not equal to zero. If zero flag is set goto step else do next step Step 11: check CF. Step 10: Check ZF. Step 9: Compare and jump if not equal goto step11 else do next step. number of repetitions (i. . otherwise do the next step.. If carry flag is not set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). Step 5: Move the datapointer to point to 4501H Step 6: Move DPL to R2 Step 7: Move the 1st data to B register and increment DPTR and move the 2nd data to the accumulator. Step 13: Decrement the number of comparisons (count 2).e. (ii) Power Cable. otherwise do next step. Step 12: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. number of comparisons (i. Step 3: Get the count 2. Step 17: Stop the Process. Step 8: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of accumulator. Step 15: Decrement the number of repetitions (count 1). go to step 13 otherwise do next step. go to step 6. total number of data-1) in A register.Experiment No: Date: 8085-ASCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in Ascending Order.. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Move the datapointer to point to 4500H Step 2: Get the count 1. total number of data-1) in R0 register. Step 16: If the number of repetitions is not completed go to step 3. Step 4: Save the count 2 in R1 register.

FLOWCHART 8051-ASCENDING ORDER Start Initialize Datapointer to get N the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < (pointer+1)? YES NO Interchange Numbers Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 Zero? YES Decrement COUNT 1 NO Is COUNT 1 zero? YES Store sum as result Stop .

@DPTR DEC A MOV R0.A INC DPTR MOV A.#4500 MOVX A.@DPTR MOV B.BACK DJNZ R0.A R0 = COUNT 1 for (N1)repetitions R1= COUNT 2 for (N1)Comparisons AGAIN 4106 4107 MOV A.B Interchange numbers if not in order Decrement count2 Decrement count 1 Stop the Process SKIP 411F 4120 4122 4124 MOVX @DPTR.AGAIN NOP RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in ascending order has been written and executed & the results are stored in desired memory location.R0 MOV R1.#4501 MOV R2.R2 MOVX @DPTR.A INC DPTR MOVX A.A DJNZ R1.@DPTR CJNE A.DPL MOVX A.A BACK 4108 410B 410D 410E 4110 4111 4112 MOV DPTR.B LOOP1 Compare consecutive numbers LOOP1 4115 4117 4119 411B 411C 411D JZ SKIP JNC SKIP MOV DPL. .PROGRAM FOR SORTING A SERIES IN ASCENDING ORDER LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4105 MOV DPTR.

4. 2. Which interrupt remains enabled even after a reset operation What instruction is used to enable the interrupt? What instruction is used to enable the TRAP interrupt? What is the use of RIM instruction? What is the purpose of READY signal? . 3.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 5.

total number of data-1) in R0 register. Step 10: Check ZF. number of comparisons (i. otherwise do next step. number of repetitions (i.Experiment No: 8051-DESCENDING ORDER Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in Descending Order. If carry flag is set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). go to step 13 otherwise do next step. If zero flag is set goto step else do next step Step 11: check CF. Step 3: Get the count 2. Step 5: Move the datapointer to point to 4501H Step 6: Move DPL to R2 Step 7: Move the 1st data to B register and increment DPTR and move the 2nd data to the accumulator. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 9: Compare and jump if not equal goto step11 else do next step. Step 14: If the number of comparison is not equal to zero.e. Step 16: If the number of repetitions is not completed go to step 3.. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Move the datapointer to point to 4500H Step 2: Get the count 1. Step 12: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. otherwise do the next step. Step 8: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of accumulator. Step 15: Decrement the number of repetitions (count 1). go to step 6. Step 13: Decrement the number of comparisons (count 2). total number of data-1) in A register.e.. Step 17: Stop the Process. . (ii) Power Cable. Step 4: Save the count 2 in R1 register.

FLOWCHART 8051-DESCENDING ORDER Start Initialize Data pointer to get N the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < (pointer+1)? YES NO Interchange Numbers Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 zero? YES Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 1 zero? YES Store sum as result Stop .

AGAIN NOP RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in descending order has been written and executed & the results are stored in desired memory location.@DPTR MOV B.A INC DPTR MOVX A.BACK DJNZ R0.@DPTR DEC A MOV R0.B Interchange numbers if not in order Decrement count2 Decrement count 1 Stop the Process SKIP 411F 4120 4122 4124 MOVX @DPTR.A BACK 4108 410B 410D 410E 4110 4111 4112 MOV DPTR.A R0 = COUNT 1 for (N1)repetitions R1= COUNT 2 for (N1)Comparisons AGAIN 4106 4107 MOV A.A DJNZ R1.#4501 MOV R2.R2 MOVX @DPTR.#4500 MOVX A.R0 MOV R1.B LOOP1 Compare consecutive numbers LOOP1 4115 4117 4119 411B 411C 411D JZ SKIP JC SKIP MOV DPL. .PROGRAM FOR SORTING A SERIES IN DESCENDING ORDER LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4105 MOV DPTR.@DPTR CJNE A.DPL MOVX A.A INC DPTR MOV A.

#data1? What addressing mode is used in the instruction MOVX @DPTR. What is the purpose of ALE signal? What addressing mode is used in the instruction MOV A. A? What addressing mode is used in the instruction ADD A.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.R1? What addressing mode is used in the instruction MOV A. 3. 2. 5. 4.@R1? .

Step 4: Move the first data to Accumulator Step 5: Make the data pointer to point the address 4200H. (ii) Power Cable. Step 3: Increment datapointer.Experiment No: FILLING EXTERNAL MEMORY Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to fill the data starting from memory location 4200H to 4300H. Step 6: Store the first data to the destination address . go to step 6. Step 8:.Decrement the R0 register. Step 10: Stop the Process. Step 9: If ZF=0. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4500H. .otherwise go to next step. Step 2: Move the total number of data to the R0 register. The total number of data is stored at 4500H APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 7: Increment the destination block pointer.

FLOWCHART: Start Move DPTR to point 4500 Move count to R0 reg Increment DPTR move 1st data to Accmulator Move DPTR to point 4200 Store the data in the deastination address Increment Data pointer` II Decrement R0 reg NO If ZF=1 YES Stop .

@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4104H MOV R0.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4103H MNEMONICS MOV DPTR.program control jump to label.@DPTR 4107H LOOP1 MOV DPTR. Increment datapointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the address 4200H to DPTR Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment datapointer Decrement the register R0 If ZF=0.A 410AH 410BH 410CH 410DH INC DPTR DEC R0 JNZ LOOP1 Move the address 4500H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the content of accumulator to R0 register. No operation 410FH NOP RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to fill the data starting from memory location 4200H to 4300H and internal memory 30 to 40 has been written and verified. . #4200H MOV X @DPTR. #4500H MOV X A.A 4105H 4106H INC DPTR MOV X A.

How many ports are used in 8051 3. What is the use of JUMP instruction? 2. . What is the use of RST pin? 5. “Pushing the stack” refers to___________ operation in a LIFO memory. The crystal oscillator is connected to pins__________ &________________ 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT OUTPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

which are converted to current pulses by the driver transistors and used to drive stepper motor. 8KB EPROM. 8KB RAM. Step 4: Send the data from accumulator to port address of stepper motor interface. THEORY: The hardware setup consists of a microprocessor motherboard and stepper motor interface board. If it is not equal to zero go to step 3. The microprocessor output the binary sequence through data bus. Step 5: Initialize DE register pair with data 030H. Step 3: Get the data for rotation in accumulator. The motherboard consists of 8085 MPU. (ii) Power Cable. 21-key Hex-keypad and six numbers of seven segment LEDs and Bus Expansion connector. Keyboard and display controller 8279. Step 2: Initialize register B with total number of data for rotation. The stepper motor interface consists of driver transistors for stepper motor windings and address decoding circuit. (iii)Stepper Motor Interface. . ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize HL register pair with address 4150H. Date: APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor. Step 7: Check the value of DE reg pair. Otherwise go to step 1. Step 6: Decrement DE register pair. The software for the system is developed in 8085 assembly language.Experiment No: STEPPER MOTOR INTERFACE AIM: To run a stepper motor at different speed in two directions.

FLOWCHART: Start Initialize HL reg with 411AH & Initialize B reg with 04H Get data for rotation in accumulator Send data to port address Initialize DE reg pair with 0303H Décrément DE reg Is NO DE=00 YES Increment HL reg pair Decrement B reg Is B=0 YES NO .

. If DE#0.E ORA D JNZ DELAY INX H DCR B JNZ REPEAT JMP START 06 7E D3 11 00 1B 7B B2 C2 23 05 C2 C3 1A. Load data 04H to B reg. If B#0.41 05. The stepper motor is also rotated at different speed. Increment HL reg pair. No operation. Send data to accumulator.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4105H 4106H 4108H LXI H.41 04 REPEAT C0 03. OR the accumulator content with D reg.0303H NOP DCX D MOV A. Move data from E to A.41 Initialize HL reg with 411AH. Send data to output port.03 DELAY 410BH 410CH 410DH 410EH 410FH 4112H 4113H 4114H 4117H 0B.04H MOV A. Unipolar steeping scheme: Step 1 2 3 4 clock A1 1 0 0 0 wise A2 0 0 1 0 B1 0 0 0 1 B2 0 1 0 0 A1 1 0 0 0 Anticlock A2 0 0 1 0 wise B1 0 1 0 0 B2 0 0 0 1 Two Phase Steeping Scheme: Step 1 2 3 4 clock A1 1 0 0 1 wise A2 0 1 1 0 B1 0 0 1 1 B2 1 1 0 0 A1 1 0 0 1 Anticlock A2 0 1 1 0 wise B1 1 1 0 0 B2 0 0 1 1 RESULT: Thus the program has been written and the stepper motor is rotated in two directions. Decrement DE reg pair. Go to start.M OUT C0H LXI D. go to REPEAT. Initialize DE reg pair with 0303H. go to DELAY.411AH 21 MVI B. Decrement B reg.41 00.

How many machine cycles needed for the execution of ORA? 3. What is the use of JUMP instruction? 2. A state during which nothing happens is known as ________________ 5. microprocessor 8085 is the enhanced version of ____________ with essentially the same construction set . What is the difference between unipolar and two phase steeping scheme? 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS 411AH 411BH 411CH 411DH Stepper motor DATA 0A 09 06 05 05 06 09 0A Rotated in forward COMMENTS Data to rotate in forward direction INPUT OUTPUT Direction VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

The ADC0809 is available as a 28 pin IC in DIP (Dual Inline Package). The total unadjusted error in ADC0808 is ± 1/2 LSD. Step 2: Send the data from accumulator to output port address of ADC interface Step 3: clear accumulator. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Load data 10 to accumulator.Experiment No: Date: ADC INTERFACING AIM: To write a program to initiate ADC and to store the digital data in memory APPARATUS REQUIRED:   8085 Trainer Kit ADC Interface board THEORY: The ADC0809 is an 8-bit successive approximation type ADC with inbuilt 8-channel multiplexer. The ADC0809 is suitable for interface with 8086 microprocessor.otherwise do the next step Step 9: Send the data from accumulator to input port address of ADC interface Step10:store the result and stop the operation . Step 8:check for zero flag if not set go to step 6. The ADC0809 has a total unadjusted error of ±1 LSD (Least Significant Digit). Step 4: Load data 10 to accumulator Step 5: Send the data from accumulator to output port address of ADC interface Step 6: Send the data from accumulator to input port address of ADC interface Step 7: AND the contents 01 with accumulator and compare with it.The ADC0808 is also same as ADC0809 except the error.

FLOWCHART: START TT Initialize HL reg with 411AH & Initialize B reg with 04H Get data for rotation in accumulator Send data to port address Initialize DE reg pair with 0303H Decrement b-reg Is NO DE=00 YES Increment HL reg pair Decrement B reg Is B=0 YES NO .

00 Load 00 to A-reg 410A OUT D0 Send data to output port 410B LOOP IN D8 Send data to input port 410C ANI 01 And 01 with accumulator 410D CPI 01 Compare 01 with accumulator 410E JNZ LOOP If zero flag is not set.PROGRAM: ADDRESS LABEL MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 START: MVI A.10 Load 10 to A-reg 4103 OUT C8 Send data to output port 4104 MVI A.10 Load 10 to A-reg 4101 OUT C8 Send data to output port 4102 MVI A.go to specified label 4111 IN C0 Send data to input port 4112 STA 4150 Store accumulator 4115 HLT Stop operation RESULT: Thus the ADC was initiated and the digital data was stored at desired location .10 Load 10 to A-reg 4105 OUT D0 Send data to output port 4106 XRA A Clear accumulator 4107 XRA A Clear accumulator 4108 XRA A Clear accumulator 4109 MVI A.

4. What is the difference between LXI H. 3.4100 and LHLD 4100? What are the application of microprocessor? What is called LIFO? How many interrupts are there in 8085? Which group of ports of 8255 PPI can be operated in 2modes . 5.OBSERVATION: Compare the data displayed at the LEDs with that stored at location 4150 VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 2.

results in different waveforms namely square. ALGORITHM: 1. with 00H as input to DAC. SQUARE WAVE GENERATION: (i) Load the initial value (00) to accumulator and move it to DAC (ii) Call the delay program (iii) Load the final value (FF) to accumulator and move it to DAC (iv) Call the delay program (v) Repeat steps 2 to 5 .00 Referring to Table.The output is +5v.00 -4. Outputting digital data 00 and FF at regular intervals to DAC.92 4.96 -4.saw tooth and rectangular wave.96 5..1. APPARATUS REQUIRED:   8085 Trainer Kit DAC Interface board THEORY: DAC 0800 is an 8-bit DAC and the output voltage variation is between -5V and + 5V.04(appx).00 … 4. the port address of DAC is 08H. the output voltage varied in steps of 10/256=0. The digital data input and the corresponding output voltages are presented in the table. Similarly. with FFH as input .92 … 0.Experiment No: DAC INTERFACING Date AIM: To interface DAC with 8085 to demonstrate the generation of square.triangular etc.1 Input Data in HEX 00 01 02 … 7F … FD FE FF Output Voltage -5.the analog output is -5v.

TRIANGULAR WAVE GENERATION: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) Load the initial value (00) to accumulator Move the accumulator content to DAC Increment the accumulator content by1 If accumulator content is zero proceed to next step. 3.2. Else go to step 3 Load value (FF) to accumulator Move the accumulator content to DAC Decrement the accumulator content by 1 If accumulator content is zero go to step2. SAW TOOTH WAVE GENERATION: (i) Load the initial value 00 to accumulator (ii) Move the accumulator content to DAC (iii) Increment the accumulator content by 1 (iv) Repeat steps 3 and 4. Else go to step 7. .

FLOWCHART: SQUARE WAVEFORM Start Move data to 00H to A Call Delay subroutine Move data FFH to A Call Delay subroutine Jump DELAY: Start Move data FFH to C reg & 05 to B reg Decrement C reg YES Is C#0 NO Decrement B reg Is B#0 NO Return YES .

FLOWCHART: SAWTOOTH WAVEFORM Start Move data to 00H to A Increment A YES If There is No zero NO YES Jump NO Stop .

TRIANGULAR WAVEFORM Start Move data 00H to L reg Move L reg to Accumulator Increment the reg L YES If There is No zero NO Move data to FFH to L reg Move L reg to Accumulator Decrement the reg L YES If There is No zero NO YES Jump NO Stop .

00 OUT C8 CALL DELAY OUT C8 CALL DELAY JMP START DELAY: MVI B.PROGRAM: Square Wave Generation: ADDRESS LABEL 4100 START: 4101 4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4108 4109 MNEMONICS MVI A.FF L2: DCR C JNZ L2 OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS Load 00 to accumulator Send data to output port Call operation Load 00 to accumulator Call operation Jump tothe label specified Load 05 to B-reg Load FF to C-reg Dec C-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Decrement B-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Return to the mainprogram 410A 410B DCR B JNZ L1 410C RET Saw tooth Wave Generation: ADDRESS LABEL 4100 START: 4101 4102 4103 L1 MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS MVI A.05 L1: MVI C.00 Load 00 to accumulator OUT C8 Load 00 to accumulator INR A Increment A-reg JNZ L1 Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set JMP START Jump to the label specified 4104 .

Triangular Wave Generation: ADDRESS LABEL 4100 START: 4101 4102 4103 4104 L1: MNEMONICS OPCODE MVI L.FF MOV A. .triangular and saw tooth waveform were generated by interfacing DAC with 8085 trainer kit..L OUT C8 DCR L JNZ L2 410E JMP START RESULT: Thus the square.L OUT C8 INR L JNZ L1 OPERAND COMMENTS Load 00 to Lreg Load 00 to accumulator Send data to output port incrementLreg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Load FF to Lreg Load FF to accumulator Send data to output port Decrement Lreg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Jump to the label specified 4107 4108 4109 410A 410B L2: MVI L.00 MOV A.

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. Write the two ways to initialize stack pointer at FFFFH? Define instruction set? is it possible to check AC flag status of 8085. 3. 4. 2. 5.how?? What is difference between PUSH and POP instruction? How many flags are affected for the HALT? .

26 pin parallel port connector. (ii) Power Cable. which consist of 36 LED’s in which 20 LED’s are used for vehicle traffic and they are connected to 20 port lines of 8255 through Buffer. Programmable as Peripheral Interface 8255. The hardware of the system consists of two parts. The second part is the traffic light controller interface board. (iii)Traffic Light Interfacing. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor. Keyboard & Display Controller 8279. The LED’s can be switched ON/OFF in the specified sequence by the Microprocessor. Remaining LED’s are used for pedestrian traffic.Experiment No: TRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROLLER AIM: Date: To control the traffic light system with an 8085 microcontroller program. RAM. Microprocessor as CPU and the peripheral devices like EPROM. The first part is Microprocessor based system with 8085. (iii)Lights for traffic signaling. THEORY: The traffic lights are interfaced to Microprocessor system through buffer and ports of programmable peripheral Interface 8255. The traffic light interface board is connected to Main board using 26 core flat cables to 26-pin Port connector. . 21 keys Hexa key pad and six number of seven segment LED’s. The Interface board has been designed to work with parallel port of Microprocessor system.So the traffic lights can be automatically switched ON/OFF in desired sequence.

Step 3: Send data to port A & B. Step 2: Send control word to CNT register. .ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize HL pair with 4500H and C reg with 02H. Step 4: Call delay and increment HL pair. otherwise go to step 3. Step 6: if C=0 go to step 1. Step 5: Decrement C reg.

FLOWCHART: Start Initialize HL pair with 4500H & C reg with 02H Send control word to CNT reg Send data to port A & B Call Delay Increment HL pair Decrement C register If C=0 YES NO .

DELAY: PUSH BC reg pair to stack Move 05H to C reg Load the DE with FFFFH Décrément DE reg pair Is DE=0 NO YES Décrément C reg NO Is C=0 YES POP stack to BC rerg Return .

PROGRAM:
LABEL START ` ADDRESS MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS

4100H 4103H 4105H 4106H 4108H 4109H 410AH 410CH 410DH 410EH 4110H 4113H 4114H 4115H 4118H 411BH 411DH 4120H 4121H 4122H 4123H 4126H 4127H 412AH

LXI H,4500H MVI C,02H MOV A,M OUT CNT INX H MOV A,M OUT APRT INX H MOV A,M OUT BPRT CALL DELAY INX H DCR C JNZ LOOP1

21 0E 7E D3 232 7E D3 23 7E D3 CD 23 0D C2

00,45 02

0F

LOOP1

0C

0D 1B,41

Initialize HL pair with 4500H Move data 02H to C reg. Get data from memory to accumulator. Send data to control reg. Increment HL pair reg. Get data from memory to accumulator. Send data to port A. Increment HL pair reg. Get data from memory to accumulator. Send data to port B. Call delay routine. Increment HL pair reg. Decrement HL pair. If C reg value is non-zero go to loop1. Go to start. Move 05H to B reg. Initialize DE reg pair with FFFFH. Decrement DE reg pair. Move data from D to A reg. OR reg with E reg. Go to loop2. Decrement B reg. Go to loop3. Return.

09,41 00,41 05 FF,FF

DELAY LOOP3 LOOP2

JMP START C3 MVI B.05H 06 LXI D,FFFFH 11 DCX D MOV A,D ORA E JNZ LOOP2 DCR B JNZ LOOP3 RET 1B 7A B3 C2 05 C2 09

20,41 1D,41

RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to control the traffic light system has been written and output is verified.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS 4500H 4501H 4502H 4503H 4504H DATA 80 1A A1 81 5A COMMENTS Control Word First Step Data First Step Data Second Step Data Second Step Data

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS

6. What is the use of latch? 7. What is the use of IN/OUT instruction? 8. What addressing mode is used for the instruction MOV A,M? 9. What is called buffer? 10. How many modes are there in 8255

Experiment No: KEYBOARD / DISPLAY CONTROLLLER

Date

AIM: To interface 8279 Programmable Keyboard Display Controller to 8085 Microprocessor. APPARATUS REQUIRED:     8085 Microprocessor toolkit 8279 Interface Board VXT Parallel bus Regulated D.C Power supply

THEORY:

& 310
A programmable keyboard and display interfacing chip. It Scans and encodes up to a 64-ey keyboard and it controls up to a 16-digit numerical display. The keyboard section has a builtin FIFO 8 character buffer. The display is controlled from an internal 16x8 RAM has stores the coded display information.

0FH MVI A.PROGRAM: ADDRESS LABEL 4100 START: 4101 4102 4103 4104 4107 4108 4109 410A LOOP: MNEMONICS OPCODE LXI H.90H OUT C2H MOV A.10H OUT C2H MVI A. .4130H MVI D.CCH OUT C2H MVI A.M OPERAND COMMENTS Initialize HL pair with 4130H Load 0F to D-reg Load 10 to A-reg Send data to outport port Load CC to A-reg Send data to outport port Load 90 to A-reg Send data to outport port Move content of memory to accumulator Send data to outport port Call delay Increment HL pair Decrement D-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Jump to the label specified Load A0 to B-reg Load FF to C-reg Decrement C-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Decrement B-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Return to the main program 410B 410E 4121 4122 4123 OUT C0H CALL DELAY INX H DCR D JNZ LOOP 4126 4129 412B 412D 412E JMP START DELAY: MVI B.FFH LOOP1 DCR C JNZ LOOP1 4131 4132 DCR B JNZ LOOP2 4135 RET RESULT: Thus 8279 controller was interfaced with 8085 and program for rolling display was executed successfully.A0H LOOP2 MVI C.

What addressing mode is used for the instruction MVI C.4130H . 4130 -FF 4131 -FF 4132 –FF 4133 -FF 4134 -FF 4135 -FF 4136 -FF 4137 -FF 4138 -FF 4139 -FF 413A -FF 413B–FF 413C -FF 413D-FF 413E-FF 413F-FF VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 11. How many machine cycles are used for the instruction LXI H.FF? 14. What is the use of RETURN instruction? 13.OBSERVATION: Pointer equal to 4130 FF repeated eight times. What is the Jump range? 15. What is the use of CALL instruction? 12.

.Experiment No: RAM ADDRESING Date AIM: To exhibit the RAM direct addressing and bit addressing schemes of 8051 microcontroller. select Bank 1 of RAM by setting 3rd bit of PSW Using Register 0 of Bank 1 and accumulator perform addition For direct addressing provide the address directly(30 in this case) Use the address and Accumulator to perform addition Verify the results. APPARATUS REQUIRED:   8051 Interfacing board power supply ALGORITHM: For Bit addressing.

#data1 MOV A.30 MOV DPTR.#data2 ADD A.PROGRAM: Bit Addressing: SETB PSW.#data1 MOV A.#4500 MOVX @DPTR.R0 MOV DPTR.A SJMP HERE HERE: OBSERVATION: Bit Addressing: INPUT : 54 25 OUTPUT: 79(4500) Direct Addressing: INPUT : 54 25 OUTPUT: 79(4500) RESULT: Thus the program to exhibit different RAM addressing schemes of 8051 was executed. .3 MOV R0.A SJMP HERE HERE: Direct Addressing: MOV 30.#data2 ADD A.#4500 MOVX @DPTR.

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