AARUPADAI VEEDU INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PAIYANOOR

LAB MANUAL
MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLER LABORATORY

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING AARUPADAI VEEDU INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY OLD MAHABALIPURAM ROAD

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Programming 8085. Programming 8086. Programming 8051. Pc based control systems. Stepper Motor Controller. PC interfacing. AC & DC Motor Speed Control.

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS A.8085 Programming 1. Study of 8085 Microprocessor 2. 16 bit Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division. 3. BCD to HEX and HEX to BCD code conversion. 4. Largest and smallest of a given set of numbers. 5. Square Root of 8-bit number. B.8086 Programming 1. 2. 3. 4. Study of 8086 Microprocessor 32 bit Addition and Addition of 3*3Matrices. Ascending Order and Descending Order. Reversal of a String.

C. Interfacing Experiments 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Keyboard and Display Interface ADC Interface. DAC Interface. Stepper Motor Interface. Traffic Signal Modeling.

D.8051 Programming Study of 8051. 1. 8 Bit Arithmetic Operations. Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division 2. Addition of two sixteen bit numbers. 3. Transferring a Block of data from (i). Internal to External memory. (ii). External to External memory. (iii). External to Internal memory. 4. 8-bit Conversion (i).ASCII to its equivalent Hexa decimal and (ii). Hexa decimal to its equivalent ASCII 5. Arrange the given numbers in ascending and descending order. 6. Filling External and Internal Memory. E. Interfacing Experiments 1. DAC Interfacing. 2. Stepper Motor Interfacing.

Step 2: The addend is brought to the accumulator. .Experiment No: Date: ADDITION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: Write a program to add two 8 bit numbers and store the result in memory location 4200 and 4201. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize register C to account for carry. Step 6: Stop the process. Step 3: Move the augend to any one of the register. Step 4: Perform the addition. Step 5: Store the 8 bit and carry in two memory locations.

FLOWCHART Start Initialize C register to zero for carry Get first data in Accumulator Get second data in B register ADD two numbers Is carry Flag Set? NO YES Increment C register by one Store the Sum & Carry in the desired memory locations Stop .

PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4102H 4105H 4106H 4107H 4108H 4109H MNEMONIC MVI C. Move 1st data to accumulator. .4150H MOV A. Increment C register. Move carry to Accumulator. RESULT: Thus the program for addition of two 8-bit numbers has been written and executed and the sum is verified. Increment HL reg. Store carry to memory 4201. pair to point 2nd data. Initialize HL reg. to store carry. Store 8 bit sum to memory location 4200.M INX H MOV B. Check whether Carry Flag is reset. pair to point 1st data. Stop the process.M ADD B JNC LOOP INR C STA 4200H MOV A. Add two numbers in A & B.00H LXI H. Move 2nd data to B reg.C STA 4201H HLT OPCODE OPERAND LOOP 410CH 410DH 4110H 4111H 4114H COMMENTS Initialize C reg.

What is Microprocessor ? What are the basic units of a microprocessor ? What is a bus? What is assembly language? Why data bus is bi-directional? . 4.VOCE QUESTIONS 1.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA. 2. 5. 3.

Step 7: Store the difference & borrow in memory location 4502 and 4503. Step 3: Move the subtrahend to anyone register. Step 2: The Minuend is brought to the accumulator. . APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cable ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize register C to account for Borrow. Step 4: Perform the subtraction.Experiment No: Date: SUBTRACTION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: Write a program to subtract two 8 bit numbers and store the result in memory location 4502 and 4503. Step 6: Take 2’s complement of the accumulator content and increment C register. Step 5: If the carry flag is reset go to step 7. Step 8: Stop the process. else proceed to the next step.

Store the Results in the desired memory locations Stop .FLOWCHART Start Initialize C register to zero for Borrow Get Minuend in Accumulator Get Subtrahend in any other register Subtract Subtrahend from Accumulator Is carry Flag Set? NO YES Take 2’s Complement of Accumulator& increment C Reg.

A INX H MOV M. Increment HL reg pair to point 2nd data. If Carry Flag reset.00H LXI H. Subtract the subtrahend from minuend. Initialize HL reg pair to point 1st data. RESULT: Thus the subtraction program has been written & executed and the difference and borrow were verified.M INX H MOV B.PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4302H 4305H 4306H 4307H 4308H 4309H 430CH 430DH MNEMONIC MVI C.M SUB B JNC SKIP CMA ADI 01H INR C INX H MOV M.4500H MOV A. Move 2nd to register B. go to skip. Move 1st data to accumulator.C HLT OPCODE OPERAND SKIP 430FH 4310H 4311H 4312H 4313H 4314H COMMENTS Initialize C reg to store carry. . If the Subtraction result in borrow take 2’s complement of the accumulator Increment register C Store the result in the desired memory location Store the carry flag to indicate whether the result is positive or negative Stop the process.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA-VOCE QUESTIONS 1. Why address bus is unidirectional? 2. What is the difference between CPU bus and system bus? . 4. Define machine cycle. Define T-State 5. What is the data and address size in 8086? 3.

Stop the Process. .Experiment No: Date: MULTIPLICATION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program for the multiplication of two 8-bit numbers. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cable. Step 4: Move the Multiplicand to D register. Step 7: Decrement the B register. otherwise go to next step. Step 2: Clear C register. Step 9: Store the content of accumulator in Next memory location. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL registers pair with the address 4200H. Step 6: Check the carry flag if CY=0 go to step 7 otherwise increment the C register. Step 5: Add the content of A register with the content of D register. Step 11. Step 10: Store the higher order byte in next memory location. Step 3: Get the multiplicand in accumulator and get the multiplier in B-reg. Step 8: If the content of B reg is not equal to zero go to step 5.

content NO Is carry flag Set? YES Increment carry register by one Decrement Multiplier by one Is multiplier Zero YES NO Store the result in desired location Stop .FLOWCHART Start Initialize the HL register pair and get the multiplicand in A & D Get the multiplier in B-reg & decrement it by one ADD accumulator (multiplicand) to D reg.

Decrement B reg. Move the Multiplier to B reg. pair.A INX H MOV M. program control goes to LOOP2. Move the Multiplicand to D reg. Add the content of A reg with D reg. . Decrement B reg. Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the multiplication of two 8-bit data had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations. content.M INX H MOV B. If B is not equal to zero. Increment the HL reg.A ADD D JNC LOOP1 INR C DCR B JNC LOOP2 OPCODE OPERAND 4106H 4107H 4108H 4109H LOOP2 410AH 410BH LOOP1 410EH 410FH 4110H 4113H 4114H 4115H 4116H 4117H INX H MOV M. If CY=0.4200H MVI C. otherwise do next step Increment the HL reg. Increment the HL reg pair. Increment C reg.00H MOV A. program control jumps to label LOOP1.PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4103H 4105H MNEMONIC LXI H. Store the most significant byte of the product to the memory location pointed by HL pair.M DCR B MOV D. Store the least significant byte of the product to the memory location pointed by HL pair.C HLT COMMENTS Load the HL reg pair with the address 4200H Clear C reg Move the Multiplicand to the accumulator.

What is the need for Port? .OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What does memory-mapping mean? 2. Why EPROM is mapped at the beginning of memory space in 8085 system? 4. What is the need for system clock and how it is generated in 8085? 5. What is interrupt 1/0? 3.

go to step 8. Step 7: Go to step 4. Otherwise go to next step. Step 3: Get dividend in accumulator & get divisor in B register. Step 8: Store the remainder in 4503H. Step 2: Clear the C register. Step 6: Subtract divisor from dividend and increment C register. . Step 9: store the quotient in 4502H. Step 5: If carry occurs. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with address 4500H. Step 4: Compare dividend and divisor. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cable.Experiment No: Date: DIVISION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program for dividing two 8-bit numbers and store the result in memory locations 4502 and 4503. Step 10: Stop the Process.

FLOWCHART Start Get dividend & divisor. for Quotient Is Dividend > Divisor NO YES Subtract Divisor from Dividend Increment Quotient by one Store the Quotient and Store the dividend as remainder Stop . Initialize C reg.

Store the Quotient. Compare B reg. Stop the Process 4111H 4114H 4115H 4118H RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the Division of two 8-bit data had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations.C STA 4502H HLT OPCODE OPERAND 4106H 4107H REPEAT 4108H 4109H 410CH 410DH 410EH SKIP COMMENTS Load the HL reg pair with the address 4500H. Subtract the divisor from dividend. Move the Divisor to B reg.4500H MVI C. Increment the HL reg pair.M INX H MOV B.PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4103H 4105H MNEMONIC LXI H.M CMP B JC SKIP SUB B INR C JMP REPEAT STA 4503H MOV A. Store the remainder. Clear C reg.00H MOV A. Jump to label REPEAT. jump to label SKIP. Move the Dividend to the accumulator. Move the Quotient to Accumulator. . If carry=1. Increment C reg.

How DMA is initiated? .OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is the drawback in memory mapped I/0? 5. Write a short note on INTEL 8255 4. What is a port? 2. Give some examples of port devices used in 8085 microprocessor based system? 3.

APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. . Step 6: Move the data from the memory address pointed by HL pair to the accumulator. go to step 4. If the CF is reset go to step 7 otherwise go to next step. Step 4: Compare the next data from the memory address pointed by HL pair to the accumulator. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4700H. (ii) Power cable. Step 3: Get the count (i. Length of the array) in B register. Step 7: Decrement the count (content of B register) Step 8: If the content of B register is not equal to zero. Step 5: Check the Carry Flag.Experiment No: LARGEST NUMBER IN GIVEN ARRAY Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to find the largest number in the given Array. otherwise go to next step.e.. Step 10: Stop the Process. Step 9: Store the content of accumulator in the address 5000H. Step 2: Get the first Data in accumulator.

FLOWCHART Start Get the length of the array as the count Move the first data to Accumulator Increment the memory pointer Compare the second data with content of Accumulator Is A content Large? NO Move M to A YES Decrement B reg NO Is Count=0? YES Store the Content of accumulator as largest number Stop .

Store the largest number in 5000H Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to find the largest of the given data had been written and executed & the result was stored in the desired memory location . the program control goes to label SKIP.M INX H 4105 4106 LOOP MOV A. If CF is reset.M DCR B INX H 4107 4108 CMP M 410B JNC SKIP 410C SKIP MOV A. Increment the HL reg. pair to point the next memory location.M DCR B JNZ LOOP STA 5000H HLT 410D 411E 4111 4114 Initialize the memory pointer with the address 4700H Get the length of the array in B reg.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 LXI H. content by one Increment the HL reg. Move the data from memory to accumulator. 4700H 4103 4104 MOV B. Get the first data in Accumulator. Decrement B reg. content If ZF is reset go to LOOP. Compare the data in accumulator with data in memory. pair to point the next memory location. Decrement B reg.

5. 2. 4. 3.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is Instruction cycle? What is fetch and execute cycle? What is Block and Demand transfer mode DMA? What is the need for timing diagram? How many machine cycles constitute one instruction cycle in 8085? .

(ii) Power cable.. Step 3: Get the count (i. APPARATUS REQUIRED: ((i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4700H. . Step 2: Get the first Data in accumulator. Step 10: Stop the Process. Step 6: Move the data from the memory address pointed by HL pair to the accumulator.e. If the CF is set. go to step 7 otherwise go to next step. go to step 4. Step 4: Compare the next data from the memory address pointed by HL pair to the accumulator. otherwise go to next step. Step 5: Check the Carry Flag. Step 9: Store the content of accumulator in the address 5000H. Step 7: Decrement the count (content of B register) Step 8: If the content of B register is not equal to zero. Length of the array) in B register.Experiment No: Date: SMALLEST NUMBER IN GIVEN ARRAY AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to find the smallest number in the given Array.

NO Is Count=0? YES Store the Content of accumulator as smallest number Stop .FLOWCHART Start Get the length of the array as the count Move the first data to Accumulator Increment the memory pointer Compare the memory with content of Accumulator Is A content Small? NO Move M to A YES Decrement B reg.

PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 LXI H. 4700H 4103 4104 MOV B. pair to point the next memory location. Store the smallest number in 5000H Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to find the smallest of the given data had been written and executed & the result was stored in the desired memory location. Decrement B reg. Decrement B reg. OBSERVATION: .M INX H 4105 4106 LOOP MOV A.M DCR B JNZ LOOP STA 5000H HLT 410D 411E 4111 4114 Initialize the memory pointer with the address 4700H Get the length of the array in B reg. Compare the data in accumulator with data in memory. If CF is set the program control goes to SKIP.M DCR B INX H 4107 4108 CMP M 410B 410C SKIP JC SKIP MOV A. content. Move the data from memory to accumulator. If ZF is reset go to LOOP. content by one Increment the HL reg. pair to point the next memory location. Get the first data in Accumulator. Increment the HL reg.

What operation is performed during first T -state of every machine cycle in 8085 ? 4. How the 8085 processor differentiates a memory access and I/0 Access? Experiment No: Date: . What is opcode fetch cycle? 3.ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 2. Define opcode and operand. Why status signals are provided in microprocessor? 5 .

Step 8: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of Accumulator. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 5: Move the content of E to C register. Step 12: Decrement the number of comparisons (count 2). otherwise do the next step. (ii) Power cable. go to step 12 otherwise do next step.8085-ASCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in Ascending Order. Step 6: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4701H. number of repetitions (length of array . Step 11: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4700H. Step 13: If the number of comparison is not equal to zero. If carry flag is set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). Step 4: Save the count 2 in E register. go to step 5. Step 16: Stop the Process. Step 10: Check ZF. Step 14: Decrement the number of repetitions (count 1). otherwise do next step.1) in B register. Step 3: Get the count 2. go to step 12 otherwise do next step. Step 9: Check CF. Step 7: Move the data from memory location pointed by HL pair to the Accumulator. Step 15: If the number of repetitions is not equal to zero. . If zero flag is set (accumulator content is equal to the other number). number of comparisons (length of array -1) in C register. go to step 7. Step 2: Get the count 1.

FLOWCHART Start Initialize memory pointer to get N. the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < NO (pointer+1)? YES Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 = Zero? YES Decrement COUNT 1 NO Is COUNT 1 = zero? YES Stop Interchange Numbers .

M MOV M.D INX H DCR C JNZ REPEAT DCR B JNZ LOOP HLT Initialize HL reg.E LXI H. .M INX H CMP M JC SKIP JZ SKIP MOV D. 4700H MOV B.M DCR B MOV C.A DCX H MOV M. 4701H MOV A.C MOV C.PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 LXI H.B MOV E. pair with 4700H B = COUNT 1 for (N-1)repetitions C = COUNT 2 for (N-1)Comparisons LOOP 4108 REPEAT 410B 410C 410D 411E 4111 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 411A 411D 411E 4121 Compare consecutive numbers Interchange numbers if not in order SKIP Decrement count 2 Decrement count 1 Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in ascending order had been written and executed.

4. 2. 3. 5.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. When the 8085 processor checks for an interrupt? What is interrupt acknowledge cycle? How the interrupts are affected by system reset? What is Software interrupts? What is Hardware interrupt? .

Step 10: Check ZF. Step 7: Move the data from memory location pointed by HL pair to the Accumulator. Step 9: Check CF. Step 14: Decrement the number of repetitions (count 1). Step 12: Decrement the number of comparisons (count 2). Step 6: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4701H. go to step 7. Step 15: If the number of repetitions is not equal to zero.Experiment No: Date: 8085-DESCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in Descending Order. go to step 5. number of comparisons (length of array -1) in C register. Step 8: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of Accumulator. Step 13: If the number of comparison is not equal to zero. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with Keyboard. go to step 12 otherwise do next step. Step 2: Get the count 1. Step 16: Stop the Process. (ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4700H. otherwise do the next step. otherwise do next step. Step 4: Save the count 2 in E register. If carry flag is reset (accumulator content is larger than the other number). go to step 12 otherwise do next step. If zero flag is set (accumulator content is equal to the other number). Step 5: Move the content of E to C register. Step 3: Get the count 2.1) in B register. number of repetitions (length of array . Step 11: Store the largest number to the previous memory location & smallest to the current memory location. .

FLOWCHART Start Initialize memory pointer to get N. the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer > NO (pointer+1)? YES Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 = zero? YES Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 1 = zero? YES Stop Interchange Numbers .

A DCX H MOV M.E LXI H. 4700H MOV B.PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 LXI H.M MOV M. .D INX H DCR C JNZ REPEAT DCR B JNZ LOOP HLT B = COUNT 1 for (N-1)repetitions C = COUNT 2 for (N-1)Comparisons LOOP 4108 REPEAT 410B 410C 410D 411E 4111 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 411A 411D 411E 4121 Compare consecutive numbers Interchange numbers if not in order SKIP Decrement count 2 Decrement count 1 Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in ascending order had been written and executed.C MOV C.B MOV E.M INX H CMP M JNC SKIP JZ SKIP MOV D.M DCR B MOV C. 4701H MOV A.

5.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is the difference between Hardware and Software interrupt? What is Vectored and Non.Vectored interrupt? List the Software and Hardware interrupts of 8085? Whether HOLD has higher priority than TRAP or not? What is masking and why it is required? . 3. 2. 4.

Experiment No: BLOCK OF DATA TRANSFER Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to transfer the block of data starting from memory location 4700H to the memory location 4800H. Step 4: Get byte from source memory block. Step 5: Store the first data to the destination address. Step 7: Increment the destination block pointer. . ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 46FFH. Step 10: Stop the Process. Step 3: Initialize the DE register pair with the address 4800H. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cord. go to step 4. Step 9: If ZF=0.otherwise go to next step. Step 2: Move the total number of data to the C register. The total number of data (length of block) is stored at 46FFH. Step 8: Decrement the C register. Step 6: Increment the source block pointer.

FLOWCHART Start Initialize HL reg. NO Is ZF=1? YES Stop . pair as a source Load the total number of input data In C reg. Get the Data from source Block to Accumulator Store data to destination block Increment the source & destination block pointer Decrement C reg.

program control jump to label REPEAT.46FFH MVI C. Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to transfer the block of data from memory location 4700H to 4800H had been written and verified .M INX H LXI D.4800H OPCODE OPERAND REPEAT 4108H 4109H 410AH 410BH 410CH 410DH 4110H MOV A. Initialize the destination pointer with the address 4200H. Get count of total number of data bytes in C reg. Decrement C register. If ZF=0. Get the data byte from source block. Point to first source block byte. Increment source block pointer.M STAX D INX H INX D DCR C JNZ REPEAT HLT COMMENTS Initialize the source pointer with the address 4200H. Store the data byte to the destination block. Increment destination block pointer.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4103H 4104H 4105H MNEMONIC LXI H.

2. 3. When the 8085 processor accept hardware interrupt? When the 8085 processor will disable the interrupt system? What is the function performed by Dl instruction? What is the function performed by El instruction? How the vector address is generated for the INTR interrupt of 8085? . 4. 5.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

The Decimal data is stored in 4200H and Hexadecimal data is store in 4250H.). Step 8: Save the product in B reg. Step 7: Decrement the C reg. Step 10: Add the units (A reg. and mask the upper nibble(units). Step 6: Add B reg. If ZF=0 go to step 6. Content. and save in E reg. Step 2: Mask the lower nibble of the decimal data in A reg.) to product (B reg. Step 4: Clear the Accumulator. (ii) Power cable. I f ZF=1 go to next step. content to the A reg. Step 9: Get the decimal in A reg. . Step 11: Stop the Process. from E reg. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 5: Move the 0AH to C reg. Step 3: Rotate the upper nibble to the lower position.Experiment No: Date: DECIMAL TO HEXADECIMAL CONVERSION AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a Decimal number to a Hexadecimal number. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the Decimal data in A reg.

Store the Hexadecimal value from A reg. to memory Stop . NO Check if ZF=1? YES Move the content of A reg. Decrement C reg. and move 0AH to C reg. to B reg.FLOWCHART: Start Get the Decimal data in A reg. and save it in E reg. ADD the content of B reg. to A reg. to A reg. and mask the upper nibble ADD the content of B reg. Move the decimal data from E reg. Mask the lower nibble of the Decimal data in A reg. Rotate the content of A reg. four times right & save it in B reg. to A reg. Clear A reg.

0AH ADD B DCR C JNZ REPEAT MOV B. Mask the lower nibble Rotate the upper nibble to lower Nibble position save in B reg. Mask the upper nibble Get the sum of units digit and product in B reg.A XRA A MVI C. Save the product in B reg. Clear accumulator Get the product of units digit multiplied by 0AH in A reg. OBSERVATION: .PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4106 4107 4108 4109 410A 410B 410C REPEAT 410E 410F 4110 4113 4114 4115 4117 4118 411B LDA 4200H MOV E.A MOVA.E ANI 0FH ADD B STA 4250H HLT Get the data in A reg. Get the Decimal data in A reg.A ANI F0H RLC RLC RLC RLC MOV B. Save in E reg. Store the Hexadecimal value in memory Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for Decimal to Hexadecimal conversion had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.

5.ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 3. 4. internal clock? What happens to the 8085 processor when it is resetted? What are the operations performed by ALU of 8085? What is a flag? List the flags of 8085 . How clock signals are generated in 8085 and what is the frequency of the 2.

(ii) Power cable. . Step 5: Stop the Process. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in DE pair Step 2: Get the second data in HL pair Step 3: Add the data in DE & HL pair Step 4: Store the result in 4204.Experiment No: Date: ADDITION OF TWO 16 BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to add two 16 bit numbers & store the result APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard.

FLOWCHART: Start Get the 1st data in DE register pair Get the 2nd data in HLregister pair Add DE & HL pair contents Store the result in 4204 &4205 Stop .

. 4109H HLT Stop the program RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 16 bit addition had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.PROGRAM: LABEL ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS START 4100H LHLD 4200H Get first I6-bit number 4103H XCHG Save first I6-bit number in DE 4104H LHLD 4202H Get second I6-bit number in HL 4105H DAD D Add DE and HL 4106H SHLD 4204H Store I6-bit result in memory locations 4004H and 4005H.

Where is the READY signal used? What is HOLD and HLDA and how it is used? . Which interrupt has highest priority in 8085? What is the priority of other 2. 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT DATA COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. interrupts? What is an ALE? Explain the function of IO/M in 8085. 5. 3.

ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in DE pair Step 2: Get the second data in HL pair Step 3: Subtract the lower order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Step 4: Subtract the higher order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Step 5: Store the result in . Step6: Stop the process . in memory locations 4204H and 4205H.Experiment No: SUBTRACTION OF TWO 16 BIT NUMBERS AIM: Date: To write an Assembly Language Program to subtract two 16 bit numbers & store the result APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. (ii) Power cable.

FLOWCHART: Start Get the 1st & 2nd data in DE & HL register pair Subtract the lower order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Subtract the higher order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Store the result in 4204& 4205 Stop .

D 410DH SBB H Subtract higher byte of second number with borrow 410EH MOV H.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4104H LHLD 4200H XCHG LHLD 4202H Get the 1st data in HL reg pair Save in DE reg.E Get lower byte of the first number 4108H 410BH SUB L MOV L.A Subtract lower byte of the second number Store the result in L register . . Get higher byte of the first number 410CH MOV A. pair Get second 16-bit number in HL 4107H MOV A. 410FH 4112H SHLD 4204H HLT Store l6-bit result in memory locations 4004H and 4005H Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 16 bit subtraction had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.A Store l6-bit result in memory locations 4204H and 4205H.

What is the need for interrupt controller? 4. What is a programmable peripheral device ? . List some of the features of INTEL 8259 (Programmable Interrupt Controller 5. What is Polling? 2. What are the different types of Polling? 3.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT DATA COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in HL pair Step 2: Exchange the data with DE pair Step 3:Get the second data in HL pair Step 4: Copy the data in Stack Pointer(SP) Step 5: DAD with SP Step6: If there is carry. goto step7. If the result is not zero. else goto step8 Step7: Increment BC pair Step8: Decrement DE pair Step9: Move E-reg content to accumulator Step10: OR DE pair content with accumulator.Experiment No: MULTIPLICATION OF TWO 16 BIT NUMBERS Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to multiply two 16 bit numbers & store the result APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. (ii) Power cable. goto step5 Step10: Move BC register pair content to HL pair Step11: Store the accumulator content Step12: Stop the process .

. Exchange HL pair content with DE pair Perform double addition Is there carry? NO YES Increment BC-reg content by 1 Decrement DE register pair by one Move E-reg content to accumulator DE reg pair. Exchange the data with DE pair Get the second data in HL pair. OR accumulator content With DE pair content NO Is the result zero? YES Store the result Stop .FLOWCHART: Start Load the HL pair with 1st data.

0000H LXI B.E ORA D JNZ L2 SHLD 4504H MOV A.C STA 4506H MOV A.B STA 4507H HLT L2: L1: RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 16 bit multiplication had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location. .PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4104H LHLD 4500H SPHL LHLD 4502 Load the HL pair with 1st data Exchange the data with DE pair Get the second data in HL pair Exchange HL pair content with DE pair Initialise HL pair & DE pair with00H Perform double addition If there is no carry. goto L1 Increment the content of BC reg pair by one Decrement the content of DE reg pair by one Move E-reg content to accumulator OR accumulator content with DE reg pair Jump to L2 if not zero Store HL pair content in 4504H Move C-reg content to accumulator Store HL pair content in 4506H Move B-reg content to accumulator Store accumulator content in 4507H Stop the process 4107H 4108H 410BH 410EH 410FH 4112H 4113H 4114H 4115H 4116H 4119H 411CH 411DH 4120H 4121H 4124H XCHG LXI H. 0000H DAD SP JNC L1 INX B DCX D MOV A.

.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT DATA COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

Step6: Stop the process .Experiment No: DIVISION OF TWO 16 BIT NUMBERS AIM: Date: To write an Assembly Language Program to divide two 16 bit numbers & store the quotient & remainder APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in DE pair Step 2: Get the second data in HL pair Step 3: Subtract the lower order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Step 4: Subtract the higher order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Step 5: Store the result in . in memory locations 4204H and 4205H. (ii) Power cable.

Divisor NO Count = Count-1 NO Is count = 0? YES Store the quotient & remainder Stop . Quotient =0 Dividend = Dividend*2. Quotient = Quotient*2 YES Is divisor <= dividend ? Dividend = Dividend. Divisor(2300H).FLOWCHART: Start Dividend (2200H) & (2201H) . Count=8.

PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4102H 4105H 4108H 4109H MVI E.H STA 4303H HLT Store Quotient Store Remainder Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 16 bit division had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location. go to Next step Subtract divisor 4115H INR E Quotient = Quotient + 1 SKIP: 4116H 4117H DCR C JNZ NEXT Count = Count .A MOV A.A Quotient = Quotient x 2 Is most significant byte of Dividend > divisor No. 08 Initialise Quotient = 0 Get dividend Get divisor Store divisor Initialise Count = 8 NEXT: 410BH DAD H Dividend = Dividend x 2 410CH MOV A. .H SUB B JC SKIP MOV H.1 If count =0 repeat 411AH MOV A. E 411BH 411EH 411FH 4122H STA 4301H MOV A. E 410DH 410EH 410FH 4110H 4111H 4114H RLC MOV E. A MVI C. 00H LHLD 4200H LDA 4204H MOV B.

4. 5.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT DATA COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is synchronous data transfer scheme? What is asynchronous data transfer scheme? What are the operating modes of 8212? Explain the working of a handshake output port What are the internal devices of 8255 ? . 3. 2.

(ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Move 01H to both C-reg & E-reg Step 2: Load the accumulator with the content of 4200H Step 3: Subtract accumulator content & C-reg content Step 4: If accumulator content is zero. goto step7.reg content to accumulator Step8: Store the accumulator value in 4201H Step9: Stop the process .Experiment No: Date: SQUARE ROOT OF 8 BIT NUMBER AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to find square root of a 8 bit number using 8085 APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. else goto step5 Step 5: Increment C-reg content by two Step6: Increment E-reg content by one & return to label Step7: Move E.

reg content to accumulator Store accumulator value in 4201H Stop . Load the accumulator with the content of 4200H : Subtract accumulator content & C-reg content Is Accumulator content zero? YES NO Increment C-reg content by two Increment E-reg content by one & return to label Move E.FLOWCHART: Start Move 01H to both C-reg & E-reg.

PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4102H 4104H 4107H 4108H 410BH 410CH 410DH 410EH 4111H 4112H 4115H MVI C. goto label1 Increment C-reg content by two Increment E-reg content by one Return to label Move E.01 MVI E.reg content to accumulator Store the accumulator value in 4201 Stop the process LABEL1: RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for square root of a 8 bit number had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.01 LDA 4200H SUB C JZ LABEL1 INR C INR C INR E JMP LABEL MOV A.E STA 4201H HLT LABEL: Move 01 to C. .reg Load the accumulator with the content of 4200 Subtract accumulator content & C-reg content If accumulator content is zero.reg Move 01 to E.

3.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS What is baud rate? What is USART? What are the control words of 8251A and what are its functions ? Give some examples of input devices to microprocessor-based system 5. . What are the tasks involved in keyboard interface? 1. 2. 4.

(ii) Power cable.Experiment No: BCD TO HEX CONVERSION AIM: Date: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a BCD number to a hexadecimal number using 8085 APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. ALGORITHM Step 1: Initialize memory pointer with 4300H Step 2 Get the MSB & multiply it by 10 using repeated addition Step 3: Add the LSB to the obtained result Step4: Store the hexadecimal value in 4201H Step5: Stop the process .

FLOWCHART Start Initialize memory pointer with 4300H Get the MSB & multiply it by 10 using repeated addition Add the LSB to the obtained result Store the hexadecimal result in the memory location Stop .

A ADD A ADD A ADD B INX H ADD M INX H MOV M.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4104H 4105H 4106H 4107H 4108H 4109H 410AH 410BH 410CH 410DH LXI H. had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.4300H MOV A.A HLT Initialize memory pointer MSD *2 Store MSB *2 MSB *4 MSB *8 MSB *10 Point to LSB Add to form hex Store the result Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to convert BCD number to hexadecimal.M ADD A MOV B. .

How a keyboard matrix is formed in keyboard interface using 8279? What is scanning in keyboard and what is scan time? What are the internal devices of a typical DAC? What is settling or conversion time in DAC? What are the different types of ADC? . 2. 5. 3. 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

ALGORITHM Step 1: Initialize memory pointer with 4300H Step 2 Get the hexadecimal number in C-reg Step 3: Perform repeated addition for C number of times Step4: Adjust for BCD in each step Step5: Store the BCD number in the memory location Step6: Stop the process . (ii) Power cable.Experiment No: Date: HEX TO BCD CONVERSION AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a hexadecimal number to BCD using 8085 APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard.

FLOWCHART Start Initialize memory pointer with 4300H Get the hexadecimal number in C-reg Adjust for BCD in each step & Perform repeated addition for C number of times Store the BCD number in the memory location Stop .

had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location. OBSERVATION: .A HLT Initialize memory pointer MSD *2 Store MSB *2 MSB *4 MSB *8 MSB *10 Point to LSB Add to form hex Store the result Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to convert hexadecimal number to BCD.A ADD A ADD A ADD B INX H ADD M INX H MOV M.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4104H 4105H 4106H 4107H 4108H 4109H 410AH 410BH 410CH 410DH LXI H.4300H MOV A.M ADD A MOV B.

Define stack What is program counter? How is it useful in program execution? How the microprocessor is synchronized with peripherals? What is a minimum system and how it is formed in 8085? Define bit. .ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 2. byte and word. 4. 5. 3.

else goto step3 Step10: Stop the process . Decrement E-reg by 1 Step3: Move the multiplicand to accumulator Step 4: Get the multiplier in B reg& move to the multiplicand to D-reg. (ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM Step 1: Initialize memory pointer with 4200H Step2: Get the multiplicand in E-reg & move it to the next memory location. Step6: Decrement B-reg by 1& if B-reg content is zero. goto step7. Clear accumulator contents Step5: Add the contents of accumulator & D-reg.Experiment No: FACTORIAL OF A GIVEN NUMBER Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to find factorial of a given hexadecimal number APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. else goto step5 Step7: Move accumulator contents to memory Step8: Decrement E reg & move E-reg contents to C-reg & : Decrement C reg Step9: If C-reg content is zero goto step10.

Get the multiplier in Breg. . Decrement E-reg by 1 Move the multiplicand to accumulator. Decrement B-reg by one NO Is B-reg Content zero? YES Move accumulator toMemory Decrement E reg & move E-reg contents To C-reg Decrement C-reg . Is C. Move to the multiplicand D-reg& clear accumulator contents Add the contents of accumulator & D-reg.reg =0 ? YES Stop NO .FLOWCHART Start Initialise the HL pair with the address 4200H Get the multiplicand in E-reg & move it to the next memory location.

E 4313H 4314H 4317H DCR C JNZ LOOP1 HLT RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to convert to find factorial of a given hexadecimal number had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.M INX H MOV M.M MOV B.4200H MOV E. .A XRA A LOOP1: Initialize memory pointer with 4200H Get the multiplicand in E-reg & move it to the next memory location.reg content is zero Stop the process LOOP2: 430BH 430CH 430DH 4310H 4311H 4312H ADD D DCR B JNZ LOOP2 MOV M.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4300H 4303H 4304H 4305H 4306H 4307H 4308H 4309H 430AH LXI H.E DCR E MOV A.reg content is zero Move accumulator contents to memory Decrement E-reg by 1 move E-reg contents to Creg Decrement C reg by 1 Check whether C. Decrement B-reg by 1 Check whether B.A DCR E MOV C. Decrement E-reg by 1 Move the multiplicand to accumulator Get the multiplier in B reg& move to the multiplicand to D-reg Clear accumulator contents Add the contents of accumulator & D-reg.E MOV D.

What is the need for interrupt controller? 4. What is PSW? 2. Give some examples of input devices to microprocessor-based system 5 Give some examples of port devices used in 8085 microprocessor based system? . What is the purpose of ALE? 3.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

with 00H to account for carry. Step 3: Move next data to CX reg.Experiment No: Date: 8086-ADDITION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an assembly language program to add two 16 bit numbers and store the sum in the memory location 1200H and carry in 1202H. Otherwise go to next step. Step 9: Stop the Process . Step 4: Clear Carry Flag. content with the AX reg. (ii) Power Cable. Step 8: Move the carry to 1202H. Step 5: ADD the CX reg. Step 7: Move the sum to 1200H. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the BL reg. Step 6: Increment BL reg. Step 2: Move one of the data to AX reg. Jump to step 7 if no carry occurs. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard.

Clear Carry Flag Add CX and AX reg. Is Carry Set? ` YES NO Increment BL reg Store Sum and Carry to Memory Stop . with 00H Move Data into AX and CX reg.FLOWCHART: Start Initialize BL reg.

Move the data FFFFH to AX reg. .BL HLT OPCODE OPERAND LOOP 1010H 1012H 1016H 101AH COMMENTS Move 00H to BL reg. Clear Carry Flag. Stop the Process. jump to LOOP. RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for Addition of two 16-bit numbers had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations.00H MOV AX.FFFFH MOV CX. Move the BL content to 1202H. Add the content of CX to AX. CX JNC LOOP INC BL MOV[1200H].PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 1000H 1003H 1007H 100BH 100CH 100EH MNEMONICS MOV BL. Move the data 001FH to CX reg. If no carry occurs. Move the AX content (sum)to 1200H & 1201H.AX MOV[1202H]. to account for carry.001FH CLC ADD AX. Increment BL reg.

2. 5. Write the flags of 8086 . What is the name given to the register combination DX:AX? What are the modes in which 8086 can operate? What is the data and address size in 8086? Explain the function of M/IO in 8086.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 4. 3.

Experiment No: Date: 8086-SUBTRACTION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an assembly language program to Subtract two 16 bit numbers and store the difference in the memory location 1200H and borrow in 1202H. Step 4: Clear Carry Flag. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the BL reg with 00H to account for borrow. Step 2: Move Minuend to AX reg. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 7: Move the difference to 1200H. Step 3: Move Subtrahend to CX reg. Step 5: Subtract the CX reg. Step 8: Move the borrow to 1202H. Step 6: Increment BL reg. Jump to step 7 if no carry occurs. content from the AX reg. Step 9: Stop the Process . Otherwise go to next step. (ii) Power Cable.

Clear Carry Flag Subtract CX from AX reg. NO Is Carry Set? YES Increment BL reg Store Difference and Borrow in memory Stop .FLOWCHART: Start Initialize BL reg. with 00H Move Data into AX and CX reg.

Subtract the content of CX from AX. jump to LOOP. . Move the data FFFFH to AX reg. Move the AX content (difference) to 1200H. Move the BL content to 1202H. CX JNC LOOP INC BL MOV[1200H]. Increment BL reg.00H MOV AX.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 1000H 1003H 1007H 100BH 100CH 100EH MNEMONICS MOV BL.OO1FH CLC SUB AX.AX MOV[1202H]. Stop the Process. RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for Subtraction of two 16-bit numbers had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations.BL HLT OPCODE OPERAND LOOP 1010H 1012H 1016H 101AH COMMENTS Move 00H to BL reg. to account for carry. Move the data 001FH to CX reg.FFFFH MOV CX. Clear Carry Flag. If no carry occurs.

What is pipelined architecture? 1. .OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS What are the interrupts of 8086? How clock signal is generated in 8086? What is the maximum internal clock frequency of 8086? Write the special functions carried by the general purpose registers of 8086 5. 2. 3. 4.

Step 3: Move Multiplier to CX reg. Step 2: Move Multiplicand to AX reg. Otherwise go to next step. with the AX reg. Step 9: Stop the Process . Step 5: Multiply the CX reg. Step 6: Increment BL reg. Step 7: Move the content of AX & BL to the specified memory locations. (ii) Power Cable. Step 4: Clear Carry Flag.Experiment No: Date: 8086-MULTIPLICATION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an assembly language program for Multiplication of two 16 bit numbers using 8086 instruction set. Jump to step 7 if no carry occurs. with 00H to account for carry. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the BL reg.

content Is Carry Set? YES NO Increment BL reg Store the result in memory location Stop . with 00H Move Data into AX and CX reg.FLOWCHART: Start Initialize BL reg. Clear Carry Flag Multiply CX and AX reg.

to account for carry.11B3H MUL CX JNC LOOP INC BL MOV[1200H]. RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for Multiplication of two 16-bit numbers had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations OBSERVATION: .00H MOV AX. Move the AX content to 1200H & 1201H.BL HLT OPCODE OPERAND LOOP 100FH 1011H 1015H 1019H 101DH COMMENTS Move 00H to BL reg.11A2H MOV CX. Move the data 11A2H to AX reg.DX MOV[1204H]. If no carry occurs. Move the DX content to 1202H & 1203H.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 1000H 1003H 1007H 100BH 100DH MNEMONICS MOV BL. Increment BL reg.AX MOV[1202]. Move the data 11B3H to CX reg. jump to LOOP. Stop the Process. Move the BL content to 1204H. Multiply the content of CX to AX reg.

LDS. Illustrate the use of LEA. Which are pointers present in this 8086? . and Place the result in CL? 4. and LES instruction 3. List the segment registers of 8086 2.ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What instructions are needed to add AL. What is purpose served by CX register? 5. 3L and DL together.

ALGORITHM: Step 1: Move the lower order byte of dividend to AX reg. Step 4: Move the content of AX & DX in the specified memory locations. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 5: Stop the Process. and higher order byte of dividend to DX reg. Step 3: Divide the content of AX&DX by CX reg. . Step 2: Move Divisor to CX reg. (ii) Power Cable.Experiment No: Date: 8086-DIVISION OF 32 BIT NUMBER BY 16-BIT NUMBER AIM: To write an assembly language program for Division of 32 bit number by 16 bit number using 8086 microprocessor kit.

FLOWCHART: Start Move the Dividend into AX and DX reg Move the Divisor Value to CX reg Divide DX & AX by CX contents Store the Quotient value in desired memory Store the remainder in desired memory Stop .

01A1H DIV CX MOV[1200H].AX MOV[1202H]. 0012H MOV CX. Move the DX content to 1202H. Stop the Process 1000H 1004H 1008H 100CH 100EH 1012H 1016H RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the Division of 32 –bit number by 16-bit number had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location .FFFFH MOV DX.DX HLT OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS Move the data FFFFH to AX reg Move the data 0012H to DX reg Move the Divisor 01A1 to CX reg Divide the content of AX&DX BY CX Move the AX content to 1200H.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV AX.

3. 4. . 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. How is register AL is used during execution of XLAT? What is the use of PUSH and POP instruction? What is the purpose of XCHG instruction? What do square brackets means when they appear in an operand? Write a routine to swap nibbles in AL. 5.

. .Experiment No: Date: 8086 -REVERSAL OF A STRING AIM: To write an assembly language program to reverse a given string using 8086 microprocessor kit APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Repeat this until an interrupt is raised Step 6: Stop the Process. (ii) Power Cable. Add SI with 04 Step 4: Move SI to AL Step 5: Decrement SI & Increment DI. ALGORITHM: Step 1: AX is initialized with data & AX is moved into DS Step 2: Initialize CX to 5 Step 3: Load the effective address in SI & DI.

FLOWCHART: Start AX is initialized with data & AX is moved into DS CX is initialized to 5 Load the effective address in SI & DI. Add SI with 04 SI is moved to AL Decrement SI & Increment DI Repeat this until an interrupt is raised Stop .

[SI] MOV [DI]. AX MOV CX.@ DATA MOV DS.AL DEC SI INC DI LOOP AGAIN INT 3 END Interrupt Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for string reversal has been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location . 0005H LEA SI. A1 LEA DI. A2 ADD SI. 0004 OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS AX is initialized with data AX is moved into DS CX is initialized to 5 Load the effective address in SI & DI Add SI content with 04 SI is moved to AL AL is moved into DI Decrement SI Increment DI AGAIN: MOV AL.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV AX .

4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT OUTPUT COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 3. What is stack and Subroutine? Difference between Microprocessor & Microcontroller What is the maximum memory addressing and I/O addresing capabilities of 8086? . 2. 5. Mention the features of 8086? Explain how physical address is formed in 8086.

. (ii) Power Cable. .8086 –ADDITION OF TWO 32 BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an assembly language program to add two 32 bit numbers using 8086 APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Repeat this until an interrupt is raised Step 6: Stop the Process. ALGORITHM: Step 1: AX is initialized with data & AX is moved into DS Step 2: Initialize CX to 5 Step 3: Load the effective address in SI & DI. Add SI with 04 Step 4: Move SI to AL Step 5: Decrement SI & Increment DI.

FLOWCHART: Start AX is initialized with data & AX is moved to DS Data2 is moved to BX & added with Data4 Data3 is moved toCX &added with carry with data4 Data 4C is moved to AH & AL content is moved to DI Interrupt is raised Stop .

PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV AX .AL INT 21H END RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 32 –bit addition has been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location . Data2 ADD BX. Data3 MOV AH.Data1 ADC CX. Data4 MOV CX.4CH MOV [DI].@ DATA MOV DS. AX OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS AX is initialized with data AX is moved into DS Move data2 to BX Data4 is added with BX content Move data1 to CX Data3 is added with CX content Data 4C is moved to AH AL content is moved to DI Interrupt Stop the Process MOV BX.

AX? Write a routine to swap nibbles in AL. 2. What do square brackets means when they appear in an operand? What is the difference between MOV AX. 3. 0 and SUB AX. 5. Which are pointers present in this 8086? What is meant by Maskable interrupts? .MODEL SMALL: DATA: Data1 Data2 Data3 Data4 DW DW DW DW VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 4.

ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the count 1. If zero flag is set (accumulator content is equal to the other number). Step5: Check CF. Step 7: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. Step 2: Get the count 2. If carry flag is set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). otherwise do next step. Step 3: Move the data from memory location pointed to the Accumulator. decrement comparison count. .Experiment No: Date: 8086-ASCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an assembly language program to arrange the given data in ascending Order using 8086 microprocessor kit. . Step 8: Stop the Process. number of comparisons (length of array -1) in C register. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. number of repetitions (length of array . decrement the repitition count Step 6: Check ZF. (ii) Power Cable.1) in B register. Step 4: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of Accumulator.

the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < (pointer+1)? YES NO Interchange Numbers Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 = Zero? YES Decrement COUNT 1 NO Is COUNT 1 = zero? YES Stop .FLOWCHART: Start Initialize memory pointer to get N.

05H DEC CL MOV BX. DS: DATA PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV CL.DATA SEGMENT: A DB 5 DUP(0) DATA ENDS CODE SEGMENT: ASSUME CS: CODE. A[BX+1] JB L3 XCHG AL. AL L3: INC BX LOOP L2 MOV DL. A[BX] CMP AL. goto L1 Stop the process L1: L2: MOV A[BX].05H MOV DL. goto L3 If 1st data is greater than 2nd.CL DEC DL LOOP L1 END RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in ascending Order had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location .00H MOV AL. exchange the data Move AL content to BX Increment BX by 1 Goto L2 Move CL content to DL Decrement DL content If the count is not zero. A[BX+1] OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS Move 05 to CL Move 05 to DL Decrement CL register Move 00H to BX Move the 1st data to AL Compare the 1st & 2nd data If 1st data is lesser than 2nd.

3.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 2. From which address the 8086 starts execution after reset? What are the modes in which 8086 can operate? What is the data and address size in 8086? What is purpose served by CX register? Which are pointers present in this 8086 . 4. 5.

APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 4: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of Accumulator. Step 2: Get the count 2.1) in B register. (ii) Power Cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the count 1. Step5: Check CF. decrement comparison count. . otherwise do next step. Step 8: Stop the Process. number of comparisons (length of array -1) in C register. If zero flag is set (accumulator content is equal to the other number).Experiment No: Date: 8086-DESCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an assembly language program to arrange the given data in descending Order using 8086 microprocessor kit. number of repetitions (length of array . . Step 7: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. Step 3: Move the data from memory location pointed to the Accumulator. If carry flag is set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). decrement the repitition count Step 6: Check ZF.

FLOWCHART: Start Initialize memory pointer to get N. the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < (pointer+1)? YES NO Interchange Numbers Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 = Zero? YES Decrement COUNT 1 NO Is COUNT 1 = zero? YES Stop .

CL DEC DL LOOP L1 END RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in desscending Order had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location .05H MOV DL.DATA SEGMENT: A DB 5 DUP(0) DATA ENDS CODE SEGMENT: ASSUME CS: CODE.05H DEC CL MOV BX. A[BX+1] JA L3 XCHG AL. AL L3: INC BX LOOP L2 MOV DL.00H MOV AL. goto L3 If 1st data is greater than 2nd. A[BX] CMP AL. A[BX+1] OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS Move 05 to CL Move 05 to DL Decrement CL register Move 00H to BX Move the 1st data to AL Compare the 1st & 2nd data If 1st data is lesser than 2nd. DS: DATA PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV CL. goto L1 Stop the process L1: L2: MOV A[BX]. exchange the data Move AL content to BX Increment BX by 1 Goto L2 Move CL content to DL Decrement DL content If the count is not zero.

Form a jump instruction that jumps to the address pointed by the BX register? 3. MOV AL. What is the difference between JUMP and LOOP instructions? 4. What is the instruction needed to count the number of 1’s found in AL? 5. SS=2000h. What conditional jump instruction should be used after CMP AL. 30H to jump when AL equals 30H? . [BP + DI] 2. BP=1000h and DI=0100h.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. Suppose that DS=1000h. Determine the memory address accessed by each of the following instruction.

Step 6: Increment the register Ro. . (ii) Power Cable. If no carry occur. otherwise do next step. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Clear register Ro Step 2: Get the data in accumulator. Step 3: Add the second data with the first data.Experiment No: Date: 8051-ADDITION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To perform the addition of two 8 bit numbers using immediate addressing and store the result in memory. Step 8: Make the data pointer to point the next address by increment the DPTR. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 10: Stop the process. Step 4: Make the data pointer to point the address 4500H. go to step 7. Step 9: Store the carry to that address. Step 5: Check the carry flag. Step 7: Store the sum (content of accumulator)to the address pointed by the data pointer.

FLOWCHART: Start Get first data in accumulator & clear Ro reg Make DP to point 4500H ADD second data with accumulator Is Carry Set YES Increment Ro reg NO Store Sum and Carry in memory using DP Stop .

Move the first data in accumulator Add the second data with the accumulator. . If no carry occurs go to address 410C. Ro 410FH MOV @ DPTR. A 4110H NOP Move the data 00H to reg Ro. #4500H JNC LOOP INC Ro MOV X@DPTR.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4102H 4104H MNEMONICS MOV Ro.A 410CH 410DH 410EH INC DPTR MOV A. Move the data from accumulator to the address denoted by DPTR No operation. RESULT: Thus the addition of two 8-bit data using immediate addressing is performed and executed. Move the address 4500H to DPTR. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the DPTR Move the content from reg Ro to the accumulator.#data2 OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4106H 4109H 410BH LOOP MOV DPTR. Increment the DPTR.#00H MOV A.#data1 ADD A.

OBSERVATION:

ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT

DATA

COMMENTS

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS

1. What is called microcontroller? 2. What is the difference between microprocessor and microcontroller? 3. How many flags are there in 8051 4. How many addressing modes are in 8051 5. What is called Datapointer?

Experiment No:

Date:

8051-SUBTRACTION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS

AIM: To perform the subtraction of two 8 bit numbers using immediate addressing and store the result in memory.

APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. (ii) Power Cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Clear register Ro Step 2: Get the data in accumulator. Step 3: Subtract the second data with the first data. Step 4: Make the data pointer to point the address 4500H. Step 5: Check the carry flag. If no carry occur, go to step 7, otherwise do next step. Step 6: Increment the register Ro. Step 7: Store the difference (content of accumulator)to the address pointed by the data pointer. Step 8: Make the data pointer to point the next address by increment the DPTR. Step 9: Store the borrow to that address. Step 10: Stop the process.

FLOWCHART:

Start

Get first data in accumulator & clear Ro reg

Make DP to point 4500H

Subtract second data with accumulator

Is Borrow Obtained YES Increment Ro reg

NO

Store Difference and Borrow in memory using DP

Stop

A 4310H NOP Move the data 00H to reg Ro. #4500H JNC LOOP INC Ro MOV X@DPTR.#data1 SUB A. Move the data from accumulator to the address denoted by DPTR No operation. Ro 430FH MOV @ DPTR. If no carry occurs go to address 410C.#data2 OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4306H 4309H 430BH LOOP MOV DPTR. Increment the DPTR.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4302H 4304H MNEMONICS MOV Ro.A 430CH 430DH 430EH INC DPTR MOV A. . Move the address 4500H to DPTR. Move the first data in accumulator Subtract the second data with the accumulator. RESULT: Thus the subtraction of two 8-bit data using immediate addressing is performed and executed. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the DPTR Move the content from reg Ro to the accumulator.#00H MOV A.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1 . What is called Immediate addressing mode? 3. How many flags are affected in SUB instructions 5. What is called Indirect addressing mode? 4. How many registers are in 8051 2. #4500H instruction . How many bytes is used for the instruction MOV DPTR.

Step 7: Store the MSB of the result in the address pointed by DPTR. Step 8: Stop the process. (ii) Power Cable.Experiment No: Date: 8051-MULTIPICATION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an 8051 assembly language program to multiply two 8-bit numbers and store the result in memory. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in accumulator. Step 2: Get the second data in reg B. Step 3: Multiply two 8-bit data. Step 4: Get the data pointer to point the address 4500H. Step 5: Store the LSB of the result from the accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR. Step 6: Increment the data pointer. .

FLOWCHART: Start

Clear carry flag

Get multiplicand in accumulator

Get multiplier in B reg

Multiply accumulator with B

Store the result in memory

Stop

PROGRAM:

LABEL START

ADDRESS

4300H 4302H 4305H 4306H 4309H

MNEMONICS MOV A,#data1 MOV F0,#data2 MUL B MOV DPTR, #4500H MOV X@DPTR,A

OPCODE

OPERAND

COMMENTS

430AH 430BH

INC DPTR MOV A,B

430DH

MOV X@DPTR,A

430EH

NOP

Move the data 1 to accumulator. Move the data 2 the reg B. Multiply A & B. Move the address 4500H to DPTR. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the DPTR. Move the content of B reg to the accumulator. Move the data from accumulator to the address denoted by DPTR. No operation.

RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the multiplication of two 8-bit data has been written and executed & the results are stored in desired memory location.

OBSERVATION:

ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT

DATA

COMMENTS

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS

1. What is F0 in this instruction MOV F0,#data? 2. What is called Stack pointer? 3. Define Flag register 4. What is the use of this instruction MOVX@ DPTR, A? 5. What type of addressing mode is used for the instruction MUL AB?

Experiment No: Date: 8051-DIVISION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an 8051 assembly language program to divide two 8-bit numbers and store the result in memory. Step 3: Divide two 8-bit data. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in accumulator. Step 5: Store the Quotient of the result from the accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR. . APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 6: Increment the data pointer. Step 7: Store the remainder of the result in the address pointed by DPTR. Step 8: Stop the process. Step 4: Get the data pointer to point the address 4500H. Step 2: Get the second data in reg B. (ii) Power Cable.

FLOWCHART: Start Clear carry flag Get dividend in accumulator Get divisor in B reg Divide accumulator with B Store the result in memory Stop .

Move the data 2 the reg B. Move the data from accumulator to the address denoted by DPTR.A 430EH NOP Move the data 1 to accumulator.#data1 MOV F0. No operation.A OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 430AH 430BH INC DPTR MOV A. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the DPTR. Move the content of B reg to the accumulator.B 430DH MOV X@DPTR. Divide A by B. Move the address 4500H to DPTR. #4500H MOV X@DPTR. RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the division of two 8-bit data has been written and executed & the results are stored in desired memory location .#data2 DIV B MOV DPTR.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4302H 4305H 4306H 4309H MNEMONICS MOV A.

What is called Fetch Cycle? 3. What is the use of POP instruction? . The mnemonics used in writing a program is called _______________________ 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is called Direct addressing mode? 4. What is called Implied addressing mode? 5.

Step 4: Increment the datapointer and add the LB of 1st data with LB of 2nd data and store in R1 register. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Clear register Ro Step 2: Make the datapointer to point the address 4500 and move first data LB to R1 register. Step 9: Make the data pointer to point the next address by increment the DPTR. Step 8: Store the sum (content of accumulator)to the address pointed by the data pointer. Step 11: Stop the process. (ii) Power Cable. Step 6 :Check the carry flag. Step 5: Increment the datapointer and add with carry HB of 2nd data with HB of 1st data. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor.Experiment No: Date: 8051-ADDITION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To perform the addition of two 16 bit numbers using immediate addressing and store the result in memory. Step 10: Store the carry to that address. otherwise do next step. Step 7: Increment the register Ro. If no carry occur. Step 3: Increment the datapointer and move the firtdata HB to R2 register. go to step8 . .

Increment DPTR Add LB of 1st and 2nd data Increment DPTR ADD with carry HB of2nd data with 1st Is Carry Set YES Increment Ro reg NO Store Sum and Carry in memory using DP Stop .FLOWCHART: Start Clear R0 reg. Make DP to point 4500H Move 1st data LB to R1 reg .Increment DPTR move 1st data HB to R2 reg.

#4500H MOV X A.@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4106 MOV R1.A 4107 4108 INC DPTR MOV X A.@DPTR Move the data 00H to reg Ro.A 410A 410B INC DPTR MOV X A.R2 4111 MOV R2.#00H MOV DPTR.A 410E 410F INC DPTR MOV X A. Move the address 4500H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the content of LB of 1st data from accumulator to reg R1 Increment Data pointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the content of LB of 1st data from accumulator to reg R2 Increment Data pointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Add the content of LB of 2nd data from reg R1with accumulator Move the content of accumulator to reg R1 Increment Data pointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Add with carry the content of HB of 2nd data from reg R2 with accumulator Move the content of 4110 ADDC A.@DPTR 4109 MOV R2.RI 410D MOV R1.@DPTR 410C ADD A.A .PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4102 4105 MNEMONICS MOV Ro.

. A 411E NOP accumulator to the reg R2.4112 4114 4115 JNC LOOP INC Ro MOV A.R0 411C 411D INC DPTR MOVX @ DPTR.R1 LOOP 4116 4117 INC DPTR MOV X@DPTR. A 411B MOV A. RESULT: Thus the addition of two 8-bit data using immediate addressing is performed and executed.Increment the DPTR.R2 4119 411A INC DPTR MOVX @ DPTR.A 4118 MOV A. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Move the content of reg R2 to accumulator Increment the DPTR Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Move the content of reg R0 to accumulator Increment the DPTR Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR No operation. If no carry occurs go to address 4115 Increment reg R0 Move the content of reg R1 to accumulator .

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

What is the use of POP instruction? What is called Vector Location? Define Interrupt? What is the length of Stack pointer? What is the length of Instruction Register?

Experiment No:

Date:

TRANSFERING A BLOCK OF DATA FROM INTERNAL TO EXTERNAL MEMORY

AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to transfer the block of data starting from Internal memory location 31 to the memory location 4401H. The total number of data is stored at 4400H. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. (ii) Power Cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4400H. Step 2: Move the total number of data to the R0 register. Step 3: Move the internal RAM Memory location 31 to the register R1. Step 4: Increment the destination block pointer. Step 5: Move the indirect Ram to the accumulator. Step 6: Store the first data to the destination address. Step 7: Increment the source block pointer. Step 8: Decrement the R0 register. Step 9: If ZF=0, go to step 4.otherwise go to next step. Step 10: Stop the Process.

FLOWCHART: Start

Move DPTR to point to 4400

Load the total number of input data In R0 reg

Move direct byte 31 to R1 reg.

Store data byte to destination block

Increment the source & destination block pointer

Decrement R0 reg

NO If ZF=1 YES Stop

No operation RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to transfer the block of data from Internal memory location 31 to 4401H has been written and verified.@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4204 MOV R0. . Move immediate data to the reg R1 Increment datapointer Movev indirect RAM to accumulator Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the register R1 Decrement the register R0 If ZF=0.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4200H 4203 MNEMONICS MOV DPTR.A 4205 LOOP MOV R1.#31 INC DPTR MOV A.@R1 MOV X @DPTR.program control jump to label.A 4207 4208 4209 420A 420B 420C INC R1 DEC R0 JNZ LOOP 420E NOP Move the address 4400H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Get count of total number of data bytes in R0 reg. #4400H MOV X A.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 5. 2. What is the length of Memory Address Register? What is the length of Data buffer Register? What is the length of Program Counter? What is the length of Temporary Register? What is the length of Accumulator? . 3. 4.

Experiment No: Date: TRANSFERING A BLOCK OF DATA FROM EXTERNAL TO EXTERNAL MEMORY AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to transfer the block of data starting from memory location 4501H to 4800H.otherwise go to next step. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. . Step 2: Move the total number of data to the R0 register. (ii) Power Cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4500H. Step 3: Move the Higher order byte of source to R1 register Step 4: Move the Higher order byte of destination to R2 register Step 5: Move the content of register R1 to datapointer. Step 8: Decrement the R0 register. Step 7: Store the first data to the destination address. go to step 5. Step 6: Increment the destination block pointer. Step 10: Stop the Process. The total number of data is stored at 4500H. Step 9: If ZF=0.

FLOWCHART: Start Move DPTR to point 4500 Move 45 to R1 and 48 to R2 reg Move count to R0 and R1 reg content to DPH Store data byte to destination block Increment the source & destination block pointer Decrement R0 reg NO If ZF=1 YES Stop .

Move the direct data to R2 register.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4303H MNEMONICS MOV DPTR.A LOOP 4309H MOV DPH.program control jump to label.#45H OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4305H 4307H MOV R2. Move the content of the reg R1 to higher order byte of thev Datapointer.@DPTR 430D MOV DPH.R2 430F MOV X @DPTR. #4500H MOV R1.@DPTR 4308H MOV R0.A 4310 4311 DEC R0 JNZ LOOP 4313 NOP Move the address 4300H to DPTR Move the higher order byte of Data pointer to R1 register. . No operation RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to transfer the block of data from memory location 4501H to 4800H has been written and verified. Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Get count of total number of data bytes in R0 reg.#48H MOV X A. Increment datapointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the content of the register R2 to the destination Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Decrement the register R0 If ZF=0.R1 430B 430C INC DPTR MOV X A.

How many I/O ports can be accessed in Direct Method? How many lines are there in address bus What is called Program Counter? What is called Instruction Register ? What is the direction of databus? . 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 3. 5. 4.

Step 2: Move the ASCIIl number to accumulator.Experiment No: Date: ASCII TO ITS EQUIVALENT HEXADECIMAL CONVERSION AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a ASCII number to Hexadecimal number. Step 6: Store the equivalent hexa decimal number to the datapointer. Step 7: Stop the Process. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4600H. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. The ASCII data is stored in 4600H and Hexadecimal data is store in 4601H. Step 3: Move the direct byte 30 to the register R1. Step 5:Increment the Data pointer. . Step 4: Subtract with borrow the content of the register R1 with the accumulator. (ii) Power Cable.

FLOWCHART: START Move DPTR to point 4600 Move Hexadecimal num to Acc Mov 30 to R1 reg and Sub with Acc Increment DPTR Move the result to DPTR STOP .

#4600H MOV X A.A 4309 NOP Move the address 4600H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the direct byte to the register R1 Subtract with borrow the content of register R1 with accumulator Increment datapointer Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR No operation RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to convert a ASCII number to equivalent Hexadecimal number has been written and verified.R1 4307 4308 INC DPTR MOV X @DPTR.@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4304 4306 MOV R1.#30 SUBB A. .PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4303 MNEMONICS MOV DPTR.

5. 3. Which byte of an instruction is loaded into IR register What is the length of Stackpointer? What is the length of Status word? How many interrupts are there in 8051 What is PSW? . 4. 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT OUTPUT COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

Experiment No: Date: HEXADECIMAL TO ITS EQUIVALENT ASCII CONVERSION AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a Hexadecimal number to its equivalent ASCII number The Hexadecimal data is stored in 4600H and ASCII data is stored in 4601H. Step 3: Move the direct byte 30 to the register R1. Step 6: Store the equivalent ASCII number to the datapointer. Step 7: Stop the Process. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4600H. Step 4: Add the content of the register R1 with the accumulator. Step 5:Increment the Data pointer. Step 2: Move the content of datapointer to accumulator. (ii) Power Cable. .

FLOWCHART: START Move DPTR to point 4600 Move Hexadecimal num to Acc Mov 30 to R1 reg and add with Acc Increment DPTR Move the result to DPTR STOP .

A 4309H NOP Move the address 4600H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the direct byte to the register R1 Add the content of register R1 with accumulator Increment datapointer Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR No operation RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to convert a ASCII number to equivalent Hexadecimal number has been written and verified .@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4304H 4306H MOV R1.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4303H MNEMONICS MOV DPTR.#30 ADD A.R1 4307H 4308H INC DPTR MOV X @DPTR. #4600H MOV X A.

4. . 3. 2. How many I/o ports can be accessed by direct method How many I/o ports can be accessed by Memory mapped method What is called Vectored Interrupt? What is called Maskable interrupt? When interrupt service request is serviced .OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT OUTPUT COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 5.

Step 5: Move the datapointer to point to 4501H Step 6: Move DPL to R2 Step 7: Move the 1st data to B register and increment DPTR and move the 2nd data to the accumulator. total number of data-1) in A register. Step 14: If the number of comparison is not equal to zero. Step 15: Decrement the number of repetitions (count 1). total number of data-1) in R0 register. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 9: Compare and jump if not equal goto step11 else do next step. If carry flag is not set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). otherwise do the next step. Step 8: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of accumulator. (ii) Power Cable. Step 16: If the number of repetitions is not completed go to step 3. If zero flag is set goto step else do next step Step 11: check CF... otherwise do next step.Experiment No: Date: 8085-ASCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in Ascending Order. Step 3: Get the count 2. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Move the datapointer to point to 4500H Step 2: Get the count 1. Step 13: Decrement the number of comparisons (count 2). Step 17: Stop the Process. . Step 4: Save the count 2 in R1 register. number of repetitions (i. Step 10: Check ZF.e.e. Step 12: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. go to step 13 otherwise do next step. go to step 6. number of comparisons (i.

FLOWCHART 8051-ASCENDING ORDER Start Initialize Datapointer to get N the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < (pointer+1)? YES NO Interchange Numbers Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 Zero? YES Decrement COUNT 1 NO Is COUNT 1 zero? YES Store sum as result Stop .

@DPTR MOV B.A INC DPTR MOVX A.DPL MOVX A.B Interchange numbers if not in order Decrement count2 Decrement count 1 Stop the Process SKIP 411F 4120 4122 4124 MOVX @DPTR.R0 MOV R1.BACK DJNZ R0. .A INC DPTR MOV A.#4501 MOV R2.@DPTR CJNE A.A DJNZ R1.@DPTR DEC A MOV R0.A R0 = COUNT 1 for (N1)repetitions R1= COUNT 2 for (N1)Comparisons AGAIN 4106 4107 MOV A.PROGRAM FOR SORTING A SERIES IN ASCENDING ORDER LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4105 MOV DPTR.R2 MOVX @DPTR.#4500 MOVX A.A BACK 4108 410B 410D 410E 4110 4111 4112 MOV DPTR.B LOOP1 Compare consecutive numbers LOOP1 4115 4117 4119 411B 411C 411D JZ SKIP JNC SKIP MOV DPL.AGAIN NOP RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in ascending order has been written and executed & the results are stored in desired memory location.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 3. 5. 2. Which interrupt remains enabled even after a reset operation What instruction is used to enable the interrupt? What instruction is used to enable the TRAP interrupt? What is the use of RIM instruction? What is the purpose of READY signal? . 4.

. If zero flag is set goto step else do next step Step 11: check CF. Step 3: Get the count 2. Step 13: Decrement the number of comparisons (count 2). APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. number of repetitions (i. Step 12: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. Step 8: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of accumulator. otherwise do next step. go to step 6.. total number of data-1) in A register. Step 5: Move the datapointer to point to 4501H Step 6: Move DPL to R2 Step 7: Move the 1st data to B register and increment DPTR and move the 2nd data to the accumulator.e. number of comparisons (i.Experiment No: 8051-DESCENDING ORDER Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in Descending Order. go to step 13 otherwise do next step. Step 16: If the number of repetitions is not completed go to step 3. . Step 4: Save the count 2 in R1 register. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Move the datapointer to point to 4500H Step 2: Get the count 1. Step 15: Decrement the number of repetitions (count 1). If carry flag is set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). Step 9: Compare and jump if not equal goto step11 else do next step. total number of data-1) in R0 register. Step 14: If the number of comparison is not equal to zero. Step 17: Stop the Process. otherwise do the next step.e. (ii) Power Cable. Step 10: Check ZF.

FLOWCHART 8051-DESCENDING ORDER Start Initialize Data pointer to get N the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < (pointer+1)? YES NO Interchange Numbers Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 zero? YES Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 1 zero? YES Store sum as result Stop .

@DPTR CJNE A.@DPTR MOV B.AGAIN NOP RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in descending order has been written and executed & the results are stored in desired memory location.A DJNZ R1.R2 MOVX @DPTR.PROGRAM FOR SORTING A SERIES IN DESCENDING ORDER LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4105 MOV DPTR.#4500 MOVX A.A INC DPTR MOVX A.@DPTR DEC A MOV R0.A R0 = COUNT 1 for (N1)repetitions R1= COUNT 2 for (N1)Comparisons AGAIN 4106 4107 MOV A.R0 MOV R1.B Interchange numbers if not in order Decrement count2 Decrement count 1 Stop the Process SKIP 411F 4120 4122 4124 MOVX @DPTR.BACK DJNZ R0.A BACK 4108 410B 410D 410E 4110 4111 4112 MOV DPTR. .DPL MOVX A.A INC DPTR MOV A.#4501 MOV R2.B LOOP1 Compare consecutive numbers LOOP1 4115 4117 4119 411B 411C 411D JZ SKIP JC SKIP MOV DPL.

5. A? What addressing mode is used in the instruction ADD A.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.R1? What addressing mode is used in the instruction MOV A. 3. What is the purpose of ALE signal? What addressing mode is used in the instruction MOV A. 2. 4.#data1? What addressing mode is used in the instruction MOVX @DPTR.@R1? .

ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4500H. Step 3: Increment datapointer. Step 2: Move the total number of data to the R0 register. Step 7: Increment the destination block pointer. go to step 6. Step 6: Store the first data to the destination address . Step 4: Move the first data to Accumulator Step 5: Make the data pointer to point the address 4200H. Step 9: If ZF=0.Decrement the R0 register. Step 8:. (ii) Power Cable. . Step 10: Stop the Process.Experiment No: FILLING EXTERNAL MEMORY Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to fill the data starting from memory location 4200H to 4300H. The total number of data is stored at 4500H APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor.otherwise go to next step.

FLOWCHART: Start Move DPTR to point 4500 Move count to R0 reg Increment DPTR move 1st data to Accmulator Move DPTR to point 4200 Store the data in the deastination address Increment Data pointer` II Decrement R0 reg NO If ZF=1 YES Stop .

A 4105H 4106H INC DPTR MOV X A.@DPTR 4107H LOOP1 MOV DPTR. Increment datapointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the address 4200H to DPTR Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment datapointer Decrement the register R0 If ZF=0.program control jump to label. #4200H MOV X @DPTR.@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4104H MOV R0. #4500H MOV X A.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4103H MNEMONICS MOV DPTR. . No operation 410FH NOP RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to fill the data starting from memory location 4200H to 4300H and internal memory 30 to 40 has been written and verified.A 410AH 410BH 410CH 410DH INC DPTR DEC R0 JNZ LOOP1 Move the address 4500H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the content of accumulator to R0 register.

How many ports are used in 8051 3. . The crystal oscillator is connected to pins__________ &________________ 4. “Pushing the stack” refers to___________ operation in a LIFO memory.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT OUTPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is the use of JUMP instruction? 2. What is the use of RST pin? 5.

Step 3: Get the data for rotation in accumulator. Otherwise go to step 1. The microprocessor output the binary sequence through data bus. If it is not equal to zero go to step 3. Step 5: Initialize DE register pair with data 030H. which are converted to current pulses by the driver transistors and used to drive stepper motor. (iii)Stepper Motor Interface. 21-key Hex-keypad and six numbers of seven segment LEDs and Bus Expansion connector. Step 6: Decrement DE register pair. 8KB EPROM. The software for the system is developed in 8085 assembly language. Step 4: Send the data from accumulator to port address of stepper motor interface. Keyboard and display controller 8279. The stepper motor interface consists of driver transistors for stepper motor windings and address decoding circuit. THEORY: The hardware setup consists of a microprocessor motherboard and stepper motor interface board. (ii) Power Cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize HL register pair with address 4150H.Experiment No: STEPPER MOTOR INTERFACE AIM: To run a stepper motor at different speed in two directions. . 8KB RAM. Step 7: Check the value of DE reg pair. The motherboard consists of 8085 MPU. Step 2: Initialize register B with total number of data for rotation. Date: APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor.

FLOWCHART: Start Initialize HL reg with 411AH & Initialize B reg with 04H Get data for rotation in accumulator Send data to port address Initialize DE reg pair with 0303H Décrément DE reg Is NO DE=00 YES Increment HL reg pair Decrement B reg Is B=0 YES NO .

If B#0. go to REPEAT.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4105H 4106H 4108H LXI H.411AH 21 MVI B. Unipolar steeping scheme: Step 1 2 3 4 clock A1 1 0 0 0 wise A2 0 0 1 0 B1 0 0 0 1 B2 0 1 0 0 A1 1 0 0 0 Anticlock A2 0 0 1 0 wise B1 0 1 0 0 B2 0 0 0 1 Two Phase Steeping Scheme: Step 1 2 3 4 clock A1 1 0 0 1 wise A2 0 1 1 0 B1 0 0 1 1 B2 1 1 0 0 A1 1 0 0 1 Anticlock A2 0 1 1 0 wise B1 1 1 0 0 B2 0 0 1 1 RESULT: Thus the program has been written and the stepper motor is rotated in two directions. Initialize DE reg pair with 0303H.0303H NOP DCX D MOV A. go to DELAY.03 DELAY 410BH 410CH 410DH 410EH 410FH 4112H 4113H 4114H 4117H 0B. Move data from E to A. If DE#0. No operation. Load data 04H to B reg. Decrement DE reg pair.M OUT C0H LXI D. Send data to output port.41 04 REPEAT C0 03. Decrement B reg. Go to start. Increment HL reg pair. OR the accumulator content with D reg. Send data to accumulator.E ORA D JNZ DELAY INX H DCR B JNZ REPEAT JMP START 06 7E D3 11 00 1B 7B B2 C2 23 05 C2 C3 1A. .41 05.41 Initialize HL reg with 411AH.41 00.04H MOV A. The stepper motor is also rotated at different speed.

What is the difference between unipolar and two phase steeping scheme? 4. A state during which nothing happens is known as ________________ 5.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS 411AH 411BH 411CH 411DH Stepper motor DATA 0A 09 06 05 05 06 09 0A Rotated in forward COMMENTS Data to rotate in forward direction INPUT OUTPUT Direction VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is the use of JUMP instruction? 2. microprocessor 8085 is the enhanced version of ____________ with essentially the same construction set . How many machine cycles needed for the execution of ORA? 3.

otherwise do the next step Step 9: Send the data from accumulator to input port address of ADC interface Step10:store the result and stop the operation .The ADC0808 is also same as ADC0809 except the error. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Load data 10 to accumulator. The ADC0809 has a total unadjusted error of ±1 LSD (Least Significant Digit). The total unadjusted error in ADC0808 is ± 1/2 LSD. Step 4: Load data 10 to accumulator Step 5: Send the data from accumulator to output port address of ADC interface Step 6: Send the data from accumulator to input port address of ADC interface Step 7: AND the contents 01 with accumulator and compare with it. The ADC0809 is available as a 28 pin IC in DIP (Dual Inline Package). Step 2: Send the data from accumulator to output port address of ADC interface Step 3: clear accumulator.Experiment No: Date: ADC INTERFACING AIM: To write a program to initiate ADC and to store the digital data in memory APPARATUS REQUIRED:   8085 Trainer Kit ADC Interface board THEORY: The ADC0809 is an 8-bit successive approximation type ADC with inbuilt 8-channel multiplexer. Step 8:check for zero flag if not set go to step 6. The ADC0809 is suitable for interface with 8086 microprocessor.

FLOWCHART: START TT Initialize HL reg with 411AH & Initialize B reg with 04H Get data for rotation in accumulator Send data to port address Initialize DE reg pair with 0303H Decrement b-reg Is NO DE=00 YES Increment HL reg pair Decrement B reg Is B=0 YES NO .

10 Load 10 to A-reg 4103 OUT C8 Send data to output port 4104 MVI A.10 Load 10 to A-reg 4101 OUT C8 Send data to output port 4102 MVI A.go to specified label 4111 IN C0 Send data to input port 4112 STA 4150 Store accumulator 4115 HLT Stop operation RESULT: Thus the ADC was initiated and the digital data was stored at desired location .10 Load 10 to A-reg 4105 OUT D0 Send data to output port 4106 XRA A Clear accumulator 4107 XRA A Clear accumulator 4108 XRA A Clear accumulator 4109 MVI A.00 Load 00 to A-reg 410A OUT D0 Send data to output port 410B LOOP IN D8 Send data to input port 410C ANI 01 And 01 with accumulator 410D CPI 01 Compare 01 with accumulator 410E JNZ LOOP If zero flag is not set.PROGRAM: ADDRESS LABEL MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 START: MVI A.

3.4100 and LHLD 4100? What are the application of microprocessor? What is called LIFO? How many interrupts are there in 8085? Which group of ports of 8255 PPI can be operated in 2modes . 4. 2.OBSERVATION: Compare the data displayed at the LEDs with that stored at location 4150 VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 5. What is the difference between LXI H.

with FFH as input . SQUARE WAVE GENERATION: (i) Load the initial value (00) to accumulator and move it to DAC (ii) Call the delay program (iii) Load the final value (FF) to accumulator and move it to DAC (iv) Call the delay program (v) Repeat steps 2 to 5 .Experiment No: DAC INTERFACING Date AIM: To interface DAC with 8085 to demonstrate the generation of square..00 … 4.1.04(appx).00 -4.triangular etc.1 Input Data in HEX 00 01 02 … 7F … FD FE FF Output Voltage -5. with 00H as input to DAC.00 Referring to Table.92 4.96 5.The output is +5v. the port address of DAC is 08H. Outputting digital data 00 and FF at regular intervals to DAC. ALGORITHM: 1.96 -4.92 … 0. APPARATUS REQUIRED:   8085 Trainer Kit DAC Interface board THEORY: DAC 0800 is an 8-bit DAC and the output voltage variation is between -5V and + 5V.results in different waveforms namely square.the analog output is -5v.saw tooth and rectangular wave. The digital data input and the corresponding output voltages are presented in the table. Similarly. the output voltage varied in steps of 10/256=0.

2. SAW TOOTH WAVE GENERATION: (i) Load the initial value 00 to accumulator (ii) Move the accumulator content to DAC (iii) Increment the accumulator content by 1 (iv) Repeat steps 3 and 4. Else go to step 3 Load value (FF) to accumulator Move the accumulator content to DAC Decrement the accumulator content by 1 If accumulator content is zero go to step2. TRIANGULAR WAVE GENERATION: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) Load the initial value (00) to accumulator Move the accumulator content to DAC Increment the accumulator content by1 If accumulator content is zero proceed to next step. Else go to step 7. 3. .

FLOWCHART: SQUARE WAVEFORM Start Move data to 00H to A Call Delay subroutine Move data FFH to A Call Delay subroutine Jump DELAY: Start Move data FFH to C reg & 05 to B reg Decrement C reg YES Is C#0 NO Decrement B reg Is B#0 NO Return YES .

FLOWCHART: SAWTOOTH WAVEFORM Start Move data to 00H to A Increment A YES If There is No zero NO YES Jump NO Stop .

TRIANGULAR WAVEFORM Start Move data 00H to L reg Move L reg to Accumulator Increment the reg L YES If There is No zero NO Move data to FFH to L reg Move L reg to Accumulator Decrement the reg L YES If There is No zero NO YES Jump NO Stop .

00 Load 00 to accumulator OUT C8 Load 00 to accumulator INR A Increment A-reg JNZ L1 Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set JMP START Jump to the label specified 4104 .05 L1: MVI C.00 OUT C8 CALL DELAY OUT C8 CALL DELAY JMP START DELAY: MVI B.PROGRAM: Square Wave Generation: ADDRESS LABEL 4100 START: 4101 4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4108 4109 MNEMONICS MVI A.FF L2: DCR C JNZ L2 OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS Load 00 to accumulator Send data to output port Call operation Load 00 to accumulator Call operation Jump tothe label specified Load 05 to B-reg Load FF to C-reg Dec C-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Decrement B-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Return to the mainprogram 410A 410B DCR B JNZ L1 410C RET Saw tooth Wave Generation: ADDRESS LABEL 4100 START: 4101 4102 4103 L1 MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS MVI A.

L OUT C8 DCR L JNZ L2 410E JMP START RESULT: Thus the square.Triangular Wave Generation: ADDRESS LABEL 4100 START: 4101 4102 4103 4104 L1: MNEMONICS OPCODE MVI L.L OUT C8 INR L JNZ L1 OPERAND COMMENTS Load 00 to Lreg Load 00 to accumulator Send data to output port incrementLreg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Load FF to Lreg Load FF to accumulator Send data to output port Decrement Lreg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Jump to the label specified 4107 4108 4109 410A 410B L2: MVI L.FF MOV A.. .00 MOV A.triangular and saw tooth waveform were generated by interfacing DAC with 8085 trainer kit.

5.VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 3. 4. 2. Write the two ways to initialize stack pointer at FFFFH? Define instruction set? is it possible to check AC flag status of 8085.how?? What is difference between PUSH and POP instruction? How many flags are affected for the HALT? .

(iii)Lights for traffic signaling. THEORY: The traffic lights are interfaced to Microprocessor system through buffer and ports of programmable peripheral Interface 8255. (iii)Traffic Light Interfacing. 21 keys Hexa key pad and six number of seven segment LED’s. The traffic light interface board is connected to Main board using 26 core flat cables to 26-pin Port connector. Keyboard & Display Controller 8279.Experiment No: TRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROLLER AIM: Date: To control the traffic light system with an 8085 microcontroller program. Microprocessor as CPU and the peripheral devices like EPROM. The LED’s can be switched ON/OFF in the specified sequence by the Microprocessor. The second part is the traffic light controller interface board. The first part is Microprocessor based system with 8085. which consist of 36 LED’s in which 20 LED’s are used for vehicle traffic and they are connected to 20 port lines of 8255 through Buffer.So the traffic lights can be automatically switched ON/OFF in desired sequence. Remaining LED’s are used for pedestrian traffic. 26 pin parallel port connector. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor. The hardware of the system consists of two parts. Programmable as Peripheral Interface 8255. (ii) Power Cable. The Interface board has been designed to work with parallel port of Microprocessor system. RAM. .

otherwise go to step 3. Step 2: Send control word to CNT register. Step 5: Decrement C reg. Step 6: if C=0 go to step 1. Step 3: Send data to port A & B. Step 4: Call delay and increment HL pair. .ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize HL pair with 4500H and C reg with 02H.

FLOWCHART: Start Initialize HL pair with 4500H & C reg with 02H Send control word to CNT reg Send data to port A & B Call Delay Increment HL pair Decrement C register If C=0 YES NO .

DELAY: PUSH BC reg pair to stack Move 05H to C reg Load the DE with FFFFH Décrément DE reg pair Is DE=0 NO YES Décrément C reg NO Is C=0 YES POP stack to BC rerg Return .

PROGRAM:
LABEL START ` ADDRESS MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS

4100H 4103H 4105H 4106H 4108H 4109H 410AH 410CH 410DH 410EH 4110H 4113H 4114H 4115H 4118H 411BH 411DH 4120H 4121H 4122H 4123H 4126H 4127H 412AH

LXI H,4500H MVI C,02H MOV A,M OUT CNT INX H MOV A,M OUT APRT INX H MOV A,M OUT BPRT CALL DELAY INX H DCR C JNZ LOOP1

21 0E 7E D3 232 7E D3 23 7E D3 CD 23 0D C2

00,45 02

0F

LOOP1

0C

0D 1B,41

Initialize HL pair with 4500H Move data 02H to C reg. Get data from memory to accumulator. Send data to control reg. Increment HL pair reg. Get data from memory to accumulator. Send data to port A. Increment HL pair reg. Get data from memory to accumulator. Send data to port B. Call delay routine. Increment HL pair reg. Decrement HL pair. If C reg value is non-zero go to loop1. Go to start. Move 05H to B reg. Initialize DE reg pair with FFFFH. Decrement DE reg pair. Move data from D to A reg. OR reg with E reg. Go to loop2. Decrement B reg. Go to loop3. Return.

09,41 00,41 05 FF,FF

DELAY LOOP3 LOOP2

JMP START C3 MVI B.05H 06 LXI D,FFFFH 11 DCX D MOV A,D ORA E JNZ LOOP2 DCR B JNZ LOOP3 RET 1B 7A B3 C2 05 C2 09

20,41 1D,41

RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to control the traffic light system has been written and output is verified.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS 4500H 4501H 4502H 4503H 4504H DATA 80 1A A1 81 5A COMMENTS Control Word First Step Data First Step Data Second Step Data Second Step Data

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS

6. What is the use of latch? 7. What is the use of IN/OUT instruction? 8. What addressing mode is used for the instruction MOV A,M? 9. What is called buffer? 10. How many modes are there in 8255

Experiment No: KEYBOARD / DISPLAY CONTROLLLER

Date

AIM: To interface 8279 Programmable Keyboard Display Controller to 8085 Microprocessor. APPARATUS REQUIRED:     8085 Microprocessor toolkit 8279 Interface Board VXT Parallel bus Regulated D.C Power supply

THEORY:

& 310
A programmable keyboard and display interfacing chip. It Scans and encodes up to a 64-ey keyboard and it controls up to a 16-digit numerical display. The keyboard section has a builtin FIFO 8 character buffer. The display is controlled from an internal 16x8 RAM has stores the coded display information.

M OPERAND COMMENTS Initialize HL pair with 4130H Load 0F to D-reg Load 10 to A-reg Send data to outport port Load CC to A-reg Send data to outport port Load 90 to A-reg Send data to outport port Move content of memory to accumulator Send data to outport port Call delay Increment HL pair Decrement D-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Jump to the label specified Load A0 to B-reg Load FF to C-reg Decrement C-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Decrement B-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Return to the main program 410B 410E 4121 4122 4123 OUT C0H CALL DELAY INX H DCR D JNZ LOOP 4126 4129 412B 412D 412E JMP START DELAY: MVI B. .PROGRAM: ADDRESS LABEL 4100 START: 4101 4102 4103 4104 4107 4108 4109 410A LOOP: MNEMONICS OPCODE LXI H.CCH OUT C2H MVI A.FFH LOOP1 DCR C JNZ LOOP1 4131 4132 DCR B JNZ LOOP2 4135 RET RESULT: Thus 8279 controller was interfaced with 8085 and program for rolling display was executed successfully.A0H LOOP2 MVI C.0FH MVI A.10H OUT C2H MVI A.4130H MVI D.90H OUT C2H MOV A.

4130 -FF 4131 -FF 4132 –FF 4133 -FF 4134 -FF 4135 -FF 4136 -FF 4137 -FF 4138 -FF 4139 -FF 413A -FF 413B–FF 413C -FF 413D-FF 413E-FF 413F-FF VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 11. What is the use of CALL instruction? 12. What is the Jump range? 15.OBSERVATION: Pointer equal to 4130 FF repeated eight times. How many machine cycles are used for the instruction LXI H.FF? 14. What addressing mode is used for the instruction MVI C. What is the use of RETURN instruction? 13.4130H .

APPARATUS REQUIRED:   8051 Interfacing board power supply ALGORITHM: For Bit addressing. .Experiment No: RAM ADDRESING Date AIM: To exhibit the RAM direct addressing and bit addressing schemes of 8051 microcontroller. select Bank 1 of RAM by setting 3rd bit of PSW Using Register 0 of Bank 1 and accumulator perform addition For direct addressing provide the address directly(30 in this case) Use the address and Accumulator to perform addition Verify the results.

A SJMP HERE HERE: OBSERVATION: Bit Addressing: INPUT : 54 25 OUTPUT: 79(4500) Direct Addressing: INPUT : 54 25 OUTPUT: 79(4500) RESULT: Thus the program to exhibit different RAM addressing schemes of 8051 was executed.#data1 MOV A.#data1 MOV A.30 MOV DPTR.#4500 MOVX @DPTR.PROGRAM: Bit Addressing: SETB PSW.#data2 ADD A.A SJMP HERE HERE: Direct Addressing: MOV 30.#4500 MOVX @DPTR.R0 MOV DPTR.#data2 ADD A. .3 MOV R0.

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