AARUPADAI VEEDU INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PAIYANOOR

LAB MANUAL
MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLER LABORATORY

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING AARUPADAI VEEDU INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY OLD MAHABALIPURAM ROAD

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Programming 8085. Programming 8086. Programming 8051. Pc based control systems. Stepper Motor Controller. PC interfacing. AC & DC Motor Speed Control.

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS A.8085 Programming 1. Study of 8085 Microprocessor 2. 16 bit Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division. 3. BCD to HEX and HEX to BCD code conversion. 4. Largest and smallest of a given set of numbers. 5. Square Root of 8-bit number. B.8086 Programming 1. 2. 3. 4. Study of 8086 Microprocessor 32 bit Addition and Addition of 3*3Matrices. Ascending Order and Descending Order. Reversal of a String.

C. Interfacing Experiments 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Keyboard and Display Interface ADC Interface. DAC Interface. Stepper Motor Interface. Traffic Signal Modeling.

D.8051 Programming Study of 8051. 1. 8 Bit Arithmetic Operations. Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division 2. Addition of two sixteen bit numbers. 3. Transferring a Block of data from (i). Internal to External memory. (ii). External to External memory. (iii). External to Internal memory. 4. 8-bit Conversion (i).ASCII to its equivalent Hexa decimal and (ii). Hexa decimal to its equivalent ASCII 5. Arrange the given numbers in ascending and descending order. 6. Filling External and Internal Memory. E. Interfacing Experiments 1. DAC Interfacing. 2. Stepper Motor Interfacing.

Step 3: Move the augend to any one of the register. Step 6: Stop the process. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize register C to account for carry. Step 2: The addend is brought to the accumulator. Step 5: Store the 8 bit and carry in two memory locations. . Step 4: Perform the addition.Experiment No: Date: ADDITION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: Write a program to add two 8 bit numbers and store the result in memory location 4200 and 4201.

FLOWCHART Start Initialize C register to zero for carry Get first data in Accumulator Get second data in B register ADD two numbers Is carry Flag Set? NO YES Increment C register by one Store the Sum & Carry in the desired memory locations Stop .

M ADD B JNC LOOP INR C STA 4200H MOV A. Move carry to Accumulator.4150H MOV A. Check whether Carry Flag is reset. Initialize HL reg. Increment HL reg. pair to point 1st data.C STA 4201H HLT OPCODE OPERAND LOOP 410CH 410DH 4110H 4111H 4114H COMMENTS Initialize C reg. Move 1st data to accumulator. to store carry. Store carry to memory 4201. pair to point 2nd data. Increment C register.M INX H MOV B.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4102H 4105H 4106H 4107H 4108H 4109H MNEMONIC MVI C.00H LXI H. RESULT: Thus the program for addition of two 8-bit numbers has been written and executed and the sum is verified. Move 2nd data to B reg. Store 8 bit sum to memory location 4200. . Stop the process. Add two numbers in A & B.

VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is Microprocessor ? What are the basic units of a microprocessor ? What is a bus? What is assembly language? Why data bus is bi-directional? . 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA. 3. 5. 2.

Experiment No: Date: SUBTRACTION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: Write a program to subtract two 8 bit numbers and store the result in memory location 4502 and 4503. else proceed to the next step. Step 5: If the carry flag is reset go to step 7. . Step 7: Store the difference & borrow in memory location 4502 and 4503. Step 2: The Minuend is brought to the accumulator. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cable ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize register C to account for Borrow. Step 3: Move the subtrahend to anyone register. Step 8: Stop the process. Step 4: Perform the subtraction. Step 6: Take 2’s complement of the accumulator content and increment C register.

Store the Results in the desired memory locations Stop .FLOWCHART Start Initialize C register to zero for Borrow Get Minuend in Accumulator Get Subtrahend in any other register Subtract Subtrahend from Accumulator Is carry Flag Set? NO YES Take 2’s Complement of Accumulator& increment C Reg.

RESULT: Thus the subtraction program has been written & executed and the difference and borrow were verified.PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4302H 4305H 4306H 4307H 4308H 4309H 430CH 430DH MNEMONIC MVI C. If Carry Flag reset. Subtract the subtrahend from minuend. go to skip.C HLT OPCODE OPERAND SKIP 430FH 4310H 4311H 4312H 4313H 4314H COMMENTS Initialize C reg to store carry. If the Subtraction result in borrow take 2’s complement of the accumulator Increment register C Store the result in the desired memory location Store the carry flag to indicate whether the result is positive or negative Stop the process.M SUB B JNC SKIP CMA ADI 01H INR C INX H MOV M. Initialize HL reg pair to point 1st data.A INX H MOV M. . Increment HL reg pair to point 2nd data. Move 2nd to register B.4500H MOV A. Move 1st data to accumulator.M INX H MOV B.00H LXI H.

What is the data and address size in 8086? 3.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA-VOCE QUESTIONS 1. Define T-State 5. Why address bus is unidirectional? 2. What is the difference between CPU bus and system bus? . Define machine cycle. 4.

Experiment No: Date: MULTIPLICATION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program for the multiplication of two 8-bit numbers. Step 2: Clear C register. Step 6: Check the carry flag if CY=0 go to step 7 otherwise increment the C register. Step 11. . Step 3: Get the multiplicand in accumulator and get the multiplier in B-reg. Step 5: Add the content of A register with the content of D register. Step 7: Decrement the B register. Step 9: Store the content of accumulator in Next memory location. otherwise go to next step. Step 4: Move the Multiplicand to D register. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL registers pair with the address 4200H. Stop the Process. Step 10: Store the higher order byte in next memory location. Step 8: If the content of B reg is not equal to zero go to step 5. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cable.

content NO Is carry flag Set? YES Increment carry register by one Decrement Multiplier by one Is multiplier Zero YES NO Store the result in desired location Stop .FLOWCHART Start Initialize the HL register pair and get the multiplicand in A & D Get the multiplier in B-reg & decrement it by one ADD accumulator (multiplicand) to D reg.

PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4103H 4105H MNEMONIC LXI H. If B is not equal to zero. Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the multiplication of two 8-bit data had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations. pair. Move the Multiplicand to D reg. Increment the HL reg. Increment C reg.4200H MVI C.00H MOV A. Decrement B reg. Store the most significant byte of the product to the memory location pointed by HL pair. Increment the HL reg pair. Store the least significant byte of the product to the memory location pointed by HL pair. program control goes to LOOP2. If CY=0. content.M DCR B MOV D. otherwise do next step Increment the HL reg. Move the Multiplier to B reg. Add the content of A reg with D reg. .C HLT COMMENTS Load the HL reg pair with the address 4200H Clear C reg Move the Multiplicand to the accumulator.A INX H MOV M.A ADD D JNC LOOP1 INR C DCR B JNC LOOP2 OPCODE OPERAND 4106H 4107H 4108H 4109H LOOP2 410AH 410BH LOOP1 410EH 410FH 4110H 4113H 4114H 4115H 4116H 4117H INX H MOV M. Decrement B reg.M INX H MOV B. program control jumps to label LOOP1.

What is interrupt 1/0? 3. Why EPROM is mapped at the beginning of memory space in 8085 system? 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is the need for Port? . What does memory-mapping mean? 2. What is the need for system clock and how it is generated in 8085? 5.

Experiment No: Date: DIVISION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program for dividing two 8-bit numbers and store the result in memory locations 4502 and 4503. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with address 4500H. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cable. Step 5: If carry occurs. Step 10: Stop the Process. . Step 3: Get dividend in accumulator & get divisor in B register. Step 8: Store the remainder in 4503H. Step 7: Go to step 4. Otherwise go to next step. go to step 8. Step 6: Subtract divisor from dividend and increment C register. Step 4: Compare dividend and divisor. Step 9: store the quotient in 4502H. Step 2: Clear the C register.

for Quotient Is Dividend > Divisor NO YES Subtract Divisor from Dividend Increment Quotient by one Store the Quotient and Store the dividend as remainder Stop .FLOWCHART Start Get dividend & divisor. Initialize C reg.

Clear C reg.4500H MVI C. Store the Quotient.PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4103H 4105H MNEMONIC LXI H.00H MOV A. .C STA 4502H HLT OPCODE OPERAND 4106H 4107H REPEAT 4108H 4109H 410CH 410DH 410EH SKIP COMMENTS Load the HL reg pair with the address 4500H.M CMP B JC SKIP SUB B INR C JMP REPEAT STA 4503H MOV A. Subtract the divisor from dividend. Increment the HL reg pair. Move the Divisor to B reg. Compare B reg. Store the remainder. Move the Quotient to Accumulator. jump to label SKIP. Move the Dividend to the accumulator. Stop the Process 4111H 4114H 4115H 4118H RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the Division of two 8-bit data had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations. Jump to label REPEAT. If carry=1. Increment C reg.M INX H MOV B.

How DMA is initiated? .OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is the drawback in memory mapped I/0? 5. Write a short note on INTEL 8255 4. What is a port? 2. Give some examples of port devices used in 8085 microprocessor based system? 3.

Step 4: Compare the next data from the memory address pointed by HL pair to the accumulator. If the CF is reset go to step 7 otherwise go to next step. Step 7: Decrement the count (content of B register) Step 8: If the content of B register is not equal to zero. Step 3: Get the count (i. Step 6: Move the data from the memory address pointed by HL pair to the accumulator. Length of the array) in B register.Experiment No: LARGEST NUMBER IN GIVEN ARRAY Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to find the largest number in the given Array. Step 10: Stop the Process. otherwise go to next step. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4700H. go to step 4. Step 2: Get the first Data in accumulator. Step 5: Check the Carry Flag. Step 9: Store the content of accumulator in the address 5000H. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. (ii) Power cable.e.. .

FLOWCHART Start Get the length of the array as the count Move the first data to Accumulator Increment the memory pointer Compare the second data with content of Accumulator Is A content Large? NO Move M to A YES Decrement B reg NO Is Count=0? YES Store the Content of accumulator as largest number Stop .

pair to point the next memory location. content If ZF is reset go to LOOP. If CF is reset. 4700H 4103 4104 MOV B.M DCR B INX H 4107 4108 CMP M 410B JNC SKIP 410C SKIP MOV A.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 LXI H. Compare the data in accumulator with data in memory. Move the data from memory to accumulator. Store the largest number in 5000H Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to find the largest of the given data had been written and executed & the result was stored in the desired memory location . content by one Increment the HL reg.M INX H 4105 4106 LOOP MOV A. pair to point the next memory location. the program control goes to label SKIP.M DCR B JNZ LOOP STA 5000H HLT 410D 411E 4111 4114 Initialize the memory pointer with the address 4700H Get the length of the array in B reg. Increment the HL reg. Get the first data in Accumulator. Decrement B reg. Decrement B reg.

5. 2. What is Instruction cycle? What is fetch and execute cycle? What is Block and Demand transfer mode DMA? What is the need for timing diagram? How many machine cycles constitute one instruction cycle in 8085? . 4. 3.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

(ii) Power cable. . ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4700H. otherwise go to next step. Step 5: Check the Carry Flag..e. Step 4: Compare the next data from the memory address pointed by HL pair to the accumulator.Experiment No: Date: SMALLEST NUMBER IN GIVEN ARRAY AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to find the smallest number in the given Array. go to step 4. go to step 7 otherwise go to next step. Step 2: Get the first Data in accumulator. Length of the array) in B register. If the CF is set. Step 7: Decrement the count (content of B register) Step 8: If the content of B register is not equal to zero. Step 9: Store the content of accumulator in the address 5000H. Step 10: Stop the Process. Step 3: Get the count (i. Step 6: Move the data from the memory address pointed by HL pair to the accumulator. APPARATUS REQUIRED: ((i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard.

NO Is Count=0? YES Store the Content of accumulator as smallest number Stop .FLOWCHART Start Get the length of the array as the count Move the first data to Accumulator Increment the memory pointer Compare the memory with content of Accumulator Is A content Small? NO Move M to A YES Decrement B reg.

Decrement B reg.M DCR B JNZ LOOP STA 5000H HLT 410D 411E 4111 4114 Initialize the memory pointer with the address 4700H Get the length of the array in B reg.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 LXI H. OBSERVATION: . content by one Increment the HL reg. Store the smallest number in 5000H Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to find the smallest of the given data had been written and executed & the result was stored in the desired memory location. Decrement B reg. Compare the data in accumulator with data in memory. Increment the HL reg. 4700H 4103 4104 MOV B. Get the first data in Accumulator. pair to point the next memory location. content. If CF is set the program control goes to SKIP. If ZF is reset go to LOOP. Move the data from memory to accumulator. pair to point the next memory location.M INX H 4105 4106 LOOP MOV A.M DCR B INX H 4107 4108 CMP M 410B 410C SKIP JC SKIP MOV A.

2. How the 8085 processor differentiates a memory access and I/0 Access? Experiment No: Date: . What operation is performed during first T -state of every machine cycle in 8085 ? 4. Why status signals are provided in microprocessor? 5 . What is opcode fetch cycle? 3. Define opcode and operand.ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4700H. Step 14: Decrement the number of repetitions (count 1). Step 7: Move the data from memory location pointed by HL pair to the Accumulator. otherwise do next step.1) in B register. go to step 7. Step 2: Get the count 1. number of comparisons (length of array -1) in C register. Step 4: Save the count 2 in E register. go to step 5. Step 10: Check ZF. Step 8: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of Accumulator. Step 9: Check CF. . Step 15: If the number of repetitions is not equal to zero. go to step 12 otherwise do next step. Step 16: Stop the Process. Step 5: Move the content of E to C register. number of repetitions (length of array . Step 3: Get the count 2. If carry flag is set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). Step 13: If the number of comparison is not equal to zero. Step 6: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4701H. (ii) Power cable. go to step 12 otherwise do next step. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 12: Decrement the number of comparisons (count 2). Step 11: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. otherwise do the next step.8085-ASCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in Ascending Order. If zero flag is set (accumulator content is equal to the other number).

the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < NO (pointer+1)? YES Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 = Zero? YES Decrement COUNT 1 NO Is COUNT 1 = zero? YES Stop Interchange Numbers .FLOWCHART Start Initialize memory pointer to get N.

E LXI H. 4700H MOV B. .A DCX H MOV M. pair with 4700H B = COUNT 1 for (N-1)repetitions C = COUNT 2 for (N-1)Comparisons LOOP 4108 REPEAT 410B 410C 410D 411E 4111 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 411A 411D 411E 4121 Compare consecutive numbers Interchange numbers if not in order SKIP Decrement count 2 Decrement count 1 Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in ascending order had been written and executed.M MOV M.M DCR B MOV C. 4701H MOV A.C MOV C.PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 LXI H.M INX H CMP M JC SKIP JZ SKIP MOV D.B MOV E.D INX H DCR C JNZ REPEAT DCR B JNZ LOOP HLT Initialize HL reg.

3. 5. When the 8085 processor checks for an interrupt? What is interrupt acknowledge cycle? How the interrupts are affected by system reset? What is Software interrupts? What is Hardware interrupt? .OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 4. 2.

go to step 12 otherwise do next step. Step 15: If the number of repetitions is not equal to zero. Step 14: Decrement the number of repetitions (count 1). . go to step 5. number of comparisons (length of array -1) in C register. Step 4: Save the count 2 in E register. Step 9: Check CF. If carry flag is reset (accumulator content is larger than the other number). go to step 12 otherwise do next step. Step 13: If the number of comparison is not equal to zero.Experiment No: Date: 8085-DESCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in Descending Order. Step 10: Check ZF.1) in B register. otherwise do the next step. Step 5: Move the content of E to C register. go to step 7. Step 16: Stop the Process. If zero flag is set (accumulator content is equal to the other number). (ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4700H. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with Keyboard. Step 8: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of Accumulator. Step 3: Get the count 2. Step 7: Move the data from memory location pointed by HL pair to the Accumulator. Step 2: Get the count 1. Step 12: Decrement the number of comparisons (count 2). number of repetitions (length of array . Step 6: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 4701H. otherwise do next step. Step 11: Store the largest number to the previous memory location & smallest to the current memory location.

FLOWCHART Start Initialize memory pointer to get N. the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer > NO (pointer+1)? YES Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 = zero? YES Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 1 = zero? YES Stop Interchange Numbers .

M MOV M. 4701H MOV A.E LXI H.M DCR B MOV C.C MOV C.D INX H DCR C JNZ REPEAT DCR B JNZ LOOP HLT B = COUNT 1 for (N-1)repetitions C = COUNT 2 for (N-1)Comparisons LOOP 4108 REPEAT 410B 410C 410D 411E 4111 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 411A 411D 411E 4121 Compare consecutive numbers Interchange numbers if not in order SKIP Decrement count 2 Decrement count 1 Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in ascending order had been written and executed.M INX H CMP M JNC SKIP JZ SKIP MOV D. .A DCX H MOV M. 4700H MOV B.PROGRAM : LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 LXI H.B MOV E.

5.Vectored interrupt? List the Software and Hardware interrupts of 8085? Whether HOLD has higher priority than TRAP or not? What is masking and why it is required? . 3. What is the difference between Hardware and Software interrupt? What is Vectored and Non. 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 2.

. Step 6: Increment the source block pointer.otherwise go to next step. Step 8: Decrement the C register. Step 4: Get byte from source memory block. Step 2: Move the total number of data to the C register. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the HL register pair with the address 46FFH. Step 3: Initialize the DE register pair with the address 4800H. Step 10: Stop the Process.Experiment No: BLOCK OF DATA TRANSFER Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to transfer the block of data starting from memory location 4700H to the memory location 4800H. Step 9: If ZF=0. Step 7: Increment the destination block pointer. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard (ii) Power cord. The total number of data (length of block) is stored at 46FFH. Step 5: Store the first data to the destination address. go to step 4.

FLOWCHART Start Initialize HL reg. pair as a source Load the total number of input data In C reg. NO Is ZF=1? YES Stop . Get the Data from source Block to Accumulator Store data to destination block Increment the source & destination block pointer Decrement C reg.

M STAX D INX H INX D DCR C JNZ REPEAT HLT COMMENTS Initialize the source pointer with the address 4200H. Get count of total number of data bytes in C reg. Store the data byte to the destination block. Get the data byte from source block. program control jump to label REPEAT. Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to transfer the block of data from memory location 4700H to 4800H had been written and verified . Decrement C register.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4103H 4104H 4105H MNEMONIC LXI H. Increment source block pointer.M INX H LXI D. Point to first source block byte.46FFH MVI C. Increment destination block pointer.4800H OPCODE OPERAND REPEAT 4108H 4109H 410AH 410BH 410CH 410DH 4110H MOV A. Initialize the destination pointer with the address 4200H. If ZF=0.

3. When the 8085 processor accept hardware interrupt? When the 8085 processor will disable the interrupt system? What is the function performed by Dl instruction? What is the function performed by El instruction? How the vector address is generated for the INTR interrupt of 8085? . 4. 2. 5.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

from E reg. .Experiment No: Date: DECIMAL TO HEXADECIMAL CONVERSION AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a Decimal number to a Hexadecimal number.) to product (B reg. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the Decimal data in A reg. (ii) Power cable. Step 11: Stop the Process. Step 8: Save the product in B reg. Step 3: Rotate the upper nibble to the lower position. Step 10: Add the units (A reg. Step 5: Move the 0AH to C reg. Content. and save in E reg.). Step 7: Decrement the C reg. I f ZF=1 go to next step. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. and mask the upper nibble(units). The Decimal data is stored in 4200H and Hexadecimal data is store in 4250H. content to the A reg. Step 4: Clear the Accumulator. Step 6: Add B reg. If ZF=0 go to step 6. Step 9: Get the decimal in A reg. Step 2: Mask the lower nibble of the decimal data in A reg.

four times right & save it in B reg. to A reg. Decrement C reg. and mask the upper nibble ADD the content of B reg. Move the decimal data from E reg. to B reg. to A reg. ADD the content of B reg. Rotate the content of A reg. to memory Stop . NO Check if ZF=1? YES Move the content of A reg. Clear A reg. to A reg. and move 0AH to C reg. and save it in E reg. Mask the lower nibble of the Decimal data in A reg.FLOWCHART: Start Get the Decimal data in A reg. Store the Hexadecimal value from A reg.

Get the Decimal data in A reg.A XRA A MVI C.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4106 4107 4108 4109 410A 410B 410C REPEAT 410E 410F 4110 4113 4114 4115 4117 4118 411B LDA 4200H MOV E.A MOVA. Mask the upper nibble Get the sum of units digit and product in B reg. OBSERVATION: . Save the product in B reg. Store the Hexadecimal value in memory Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for Decimal to Hexadecimal conversion had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location. Mask the lower nibble Rotate the upper nibble to lower Nibble position save in B reg.A ANI F0H RLC RLC RLC RLC MOV B.E ANI 0FH ADD B STA 4250H HLT Get the data in A reg. Clear accumulator Get the product of units digit multiplied by 0AH in A reg. Save in E reg.0AH ADD B DCR C JNZ REPEAT MOV B.

internal clock? What happens to the 8085 processor when it is resetted? What are the operations performed by ALU of 8085? What is a flag? List the flags of 8085 . How clock signals are generated in 8085 and what is the frequency of the 2. 3. 5.ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 4.

(ii) Power cable.Experiment No: Date: ADDITION OF TWO 16 BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to add two 16 bit numbers & store the result APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in DE pair Step 2: Get the second data in HL pair Step 3: Add the data in DE & HL pair Step 4: Store the result in 4204. . Step 5: Stop the Process.

FLOWCHART: Start Get the 1st data in DE register pair Get the 2nd data in HLregister pair Add DE & HL pair contents Store the result in 4204 &4205 Stop .

PROGRAM: LABEL ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS START 4100H LHLD 4200H Get first I6-bit number 4103H XCHG Save first I6-bit number in DE 4104H LHLD 4202H Get second I6-bit number in HL 4105H DAD D Add DE and HL 4106H SHLD 4204H Store I6-bit result in memory locations 4004H and 4005H. 4109H HLT Stop the program RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 16 bit addition had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location. .

interrupts? What is an ALE? Explain the function of IO/M in 8085. Where is the READY signal used? What is HOLD and HLDA and how it is used? . 5. Which interrupt has highest priority in 8085? What is the priority of other 2. 3. 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT DATA COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

Experiment No: SUBTRACTION OF TWO 16 BIT NUMBERS AIM: Date: To write an Assembly Language Program to subtract two 16 bit numbers & store the result APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. (ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in DE pair Step 2: Get the second data in HL pair Step 3: Subtract the lower order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Step 4: Subtract the higher order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Step 5: Store the result in . in memory locations 4204H and 4205H. Step6: Stop the process .

FLOWCHART: Start Get the 1st & 2nd data in DE & HL register pair Subtract the lower order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Subtract the higher order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Store the result in 4204& 4205 Stop .

PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4104H LHLD 4200H XCHG LHLD 4202H Get the 1st data in HL reg pair Save in DE reg.D 410DH SBB H Subtract higher byte of second number with borrow 410EH MOV H. . pair Get second 16-bit number in HL 4107H MOV A. 410FH 4112H SHLD 4204H HLT Store l6-bit result in memory locations 4004H and 4005H Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 16 bit subtraction had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.E Get lower byte of the first number 4108H 410BH SUB L MOV L. Get higher byte of the first number 410CH MOV A.A Store l6-bit result in memory locations 4204H and 4205H.A Subtract lower byte of the second number Store the result in L register .

List some of the features of INTEL 8259 (Programmable Interrupt Controller 5.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT DATA COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is the need for interrupt controller? 4. What is a programmable peripheral device ? . What are the different types of Polling? 3. What is Polling? 2.

Experiment No: MULTIPLICATION OF TWO 16 BIT NUMBERS Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to multiply two 16 bit numbers & store the result APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. else goto step8 Step7: Increment BC pair Step8: Decrement DE pair Step9: Move E-reg content to accumulator Step10: OR DE pair content with accumulator. (ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in HL pair Step 2: Exchange the data with DE pair Step 3:Get the second data in HL pair Step 4: Copy the data in Stack Pointer(SP) Step 5: DAD with SP Step6: If there is carry. goto step5 Step10: Move BC register pair content to HL pair Step11: Store the accumulator content Step12: Stop the process . If the result is not zero. goto step7.

Exchange the data with DE pair Get the second data in HL pair.FLOWCHART: Start Load the HL pair with 1st data. OR accumulator content With DE pair content NO Is the result zero? YES Store the result Stop . . Exchange HL pair content with DE pair Perform double addition Is there carry? NO YES Increment BC-reg content by 1 Decrement DE register pair by one Move E-reg content to accumulator DE reg pair.

C STA 4506H MOV A. goto L1 Increment the content of BC reg pair by one Decrement the content of DE reg pair by one Move E-reg content to accumulator OR accumulator content with DE reg pair Jump to L2 if not zero Store HL pair content in 4504H Move C-reg content to accumulator Store HL pair content in 4506H Move B-reg content to accumulator Store accumulator content in 4507H Stop the process 4107H 4108H 410BH 410EH 410FH 4112H 4113H 4114H 4115H 4116H 4119H 411CH 411DH 4120H 4121H 4124H XCHG LXI H. 0000H DAD SP JNC L1 INX B DCX D MOV A.E ORA D JNZ L2 SHLD 4504H MOV A.B STA 4507H HLT L2: L1: RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 16 bit multiplication had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location. 0000H LXI B. .PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4104H LHLD 4500H SPHL LHLD 4502 Load the HL pair with 1st data Exchange the data with DE pair Get the second data in HL pair Exchange HL pair content with DE pair Initialise HL pair & DE pair with00H Perform double addition If there is no carry.

.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT DATA COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

in memory locations 4204H and 4205H. (ii) Power cable. Step6: Stop the process .Experiment No: DIVISION OF TWO 16 BIT NUMBERS AIM: Date: To write an Assembly Language Program to divide two 16 bit numbers & store the quotient & remainder APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in DE pair Step 2: Get the second data in HL pair Step 3: Subtract the lower order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Step 4: Subtract the higher order byte of the 1st & 2nd number Step 5: Store the result in .

FLOWCHART: Start Dividend (2200H) & (2201H) . Count=8. Quotient =0 Dividend = Dividend*2.Divisor NO Count = Count-1 NO Is count = 0? YES Store the quotient & remainder Stop . Divisor(2300H). Quotient = Quotient*2 YES Is divisor <= dividend ? Dividend = Dividend.

H STA 4303H HLT Store Quotient Store Remainder Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 16 bit division had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.1 If count =0 repeat 411AH MOV A. go to Next step Subtract divisor 4115H INR E Quotient = Quotient + 1 SKIP: 4116H 4117H DCR C JNZ NEXT Count = Count . 08 Initialise Quotient = 0 Get dividend Get divisor Store divisor Initialise Count = 8 NEXT: 410BH DAD H Dividend = Dividend x 2 410CH MOV A. A MVI C.H SUB B JC SKIP MOV H. . 00H LHLD 4200H LDA 4204H MOV B.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4102H 4105H 4108H 4109H MVI E. E 411BH 411EH 411FH 4122H STA 4301H MOV A. E 410DH 410EH 410FH 4110H 4111H 4114H RLC MOV E.A Quotient = Quotient x 2 Is most significant byte of Dividend > divisor No.A MOV A.

5. 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT DATA COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is synchronous data transfer scheme? What is asynchronous data transfer scheme? What are the operating modes of 8212? Explain the working of a handshake output port What are the internal devices of 8255 ? . 2. 3.

goto step7. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Move 01H to both C-reg & E-reg Step 2: Load the accumulator with the content of 4200H Step 3: Subtract accumulator content & C-reg content Step 4: If accumulator content is zero. (ii) Power cable. else goto step5 Step 5: Increment C-reg content by two Step6: Increment E-reg content by one & return to label Step7: Move E.reg content to accumulator Step8: Store the accumulator value in 4201H Step9: Stop the process .Experiment No: Date: SQUARE ROOT OF 8 BIT NUMBER AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to find square root of a 8 bit number using 8085 APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard.

Load the accumulator with the content of 4200H : Subtract accumulator content & C-reg content Is Accumulator content zero? YES NO Increment C-reg content by two Increment E-reg content by one & return to label Move E.FLOWCHART: Start Move 01H to both C-reg & E-reg.reg content to accumulator Store accumulator value in 4201H Stop .

reg content to accumulator Store the accumulator value in 4201 Stop the process LABEL1: RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for square root of a 8 bit number had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location. goto label1 Increment C-reg content by two Increment E-reg content by one Return to label Move E.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4102H 4104H 4107H 4108H 410BH 410CH 410DH 410EH 4111H 4112H 4115H MVI C.reg Move 01 to E. .01 MVI E.reg Load the accumulator with the content of 4200 Subtract accumulator content & C-reg content If accumulator content is zero.01 LDA 4200H SUB C JZ LABEL1 INR C INR C INR E JMP LABEL MOV A.E STA 4201H HLT LABEL: Move 01 to C.

4. What are the tasks involved in keyboard interface? 1. 3. .OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS What is baud rate? What is USART? What are the control words of 8251A and what are its functions ? Give some examples of input devices to microprocessor-based system 5. 2.

(ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM Step 1: Initialize memory pointer with 4300H Step 2 Get the MSB & multiply it by 10 using repeated addition Step 3: Add the LSB to the obtained result Step4: Store the hexadecimal value in 4201H Step5: Stop the process .Experiment No: BCD TO HEX CONVERSION AIM: Date: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a BCD number to a hexadecimal number using 8085 APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard.

FLOWCHART Start Initialize memory pointer with 4300H Get the MSB & multiply it by 10 using repeated addition Add the LSB to the obtained result Store the hexadecimal result in the memory location Stop .

A ADD A ADD A ADD B INX H ADD M INX H MOV M.A HLT Initialize memory pointer MSD *2 Store MSB *2 MSB *4 MSB *8 MSB *10 Point to LSB Add to form hex Store the result Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to convert BCD number to hexadecimal. had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.M ADD A MOV B. .PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4104H 4105H 4106H 4107H 4108H 4109H 410AH 410BH 410CH 410DH LXI H.4300H MOV A.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. How a keyboard matrix is formed in keyboard interface using 8279? What is scanning in keyboard and what is scan time? What are the internal devices of a typical DAC? What is settling or conversion time in DAC? What are the different types of ADC? . 5. 2. 3. 4.

(ii) Power cable. ALGORITHM Step 1: Initialize memory pointer with 4300H Step 2 Get the hexadecimal number in C-reg Step 3: Perform repeated addition for C number of times Step4: Adjust for BCD in each step Step5: Store the BCD number in the memory location Step6: Stop the process .Experiment No: Date: HEX TO BCD CONVERSION AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a hexadecimal number to BCD using 8085 APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard.

FLOWCHART Start Initialize memory pointer with 4300H Get the hexadecimal number in C-reg Adjust for BCD in each step & Perform repeated addition for C number of times Store the BCD number in the memory location Stop .

OBSERVATION: . had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.A ADD A ADD A ADD B INX H ADD M INX H MOV M.4300H MOV A.M ADD A MOV B.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4104H 4105H 4106H 4107H 4108H 4109H 410AH 410BH 410CH 410DH LXI H.A HLT Initialize memory pointer MSD *2 Store MSB *2 MSB *4 MSB *8 MSB *10 Point to LSB Add to form hex Store the result Stop the process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to convert hexadecimal number to BCD.

5. byte and word.ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 4. 3. 2. . Define stack What is program counter? How is it useful in program execution? How the microprocessor is synchronized with peripherals? What is a minimum system and how it is formed in 8085? Define bit.

Experiment No: FACTORIAL OF A GIVEN NUMBER Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to find factorial of a given hexadecimal number APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. (ii) Power cable. else goto step3 Step10: Stop the process . Decrement E-reg by 1 Step3: Move the multiplicand to accumulator Step 4: Get the multiplier in B reg& move to the multiplicand to D-reg. else goto step5 Step7: Move accumulator contents to memory Step8: Decrement E reg & move E-reg contents to C-reg & : Decrement C reg Step9: If C-reg content is zero goto step10. Step6: Decrement B-reg by 1& if B-reg content is zero. goto step7. ALGORITHM Step 1: Initialize memory pointer with 4200H Step2: Get the multiplicand in E-reg & move it to the next memory location. Clear accumulator contents Step5: Add the contents of accumulator & D-reg.

Move to the multiplicand D-reg& clear accumulator contents Add the contents of accumulator & D-reg.FLOWCHART Start Initialise the HL pair with the address 4200H Get the multiplicand in E-reg & move it to the next memory location. Get the multiplier in Breg. Decrement B-reg by one NO Is B-reg Content zero? YES Move accumulator toMemory Decrement E reg & move E-reg contents To C-reg Decrement C-reg . Is C. Decrement E-reg by 1 Move the multiplicand to accumulator.reg =0 ? YES Stop NO . .

M INX H MOV M. Decrement E-reg by 1 Move the multiplicand to accumulator Get the multiplier in B reg& move to the multiplicand to D-reg Clear accumulator contents Add the contents of accumulator & D-reg.E MOV D. Decrement B-reg by 1 Check whether B.E 4313H 4314H 4317H DCR C JNZ LOOP1 HLT RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to convert to find factorial of a given hexadecimal number had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location.M MOV B.reg content is zero Move accumulator contents to memory Decrement E-reg by 1 move E-reg contents to Creg Decrement C reg by 1 Check whether C.E DCR E MOV A.A XRA A LOOP1: Initialize memory pointer with 4200H Get the multiplicand in E-reg & move it to the next memory location. .A DCR E MOV C.reg content is zero Stop the process LOOP2: 430BH 430CH 430DH 4310H 4311H 4312H ADD D DCR B JNZ LOOP2 MOV M.4200H MOV E.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4300H 4303H 4304H 4305H 4306H 4307H 4308H 4309H 430AH LXI H.

What is PSW? 2. Give some examples of input devices to microprocessor-based system 5 Give some examples of port devices used in 8085 microprocessor based system? .OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is the need for interrupt controller? 4. What is the purpose of ALE? 3.

ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the BL reg. with 00H to account for carry. Step 6: Increment BL reg. Step 2: Move one of the data to AX reg. content with the AX reg. Otherwise go to next step. Step 8: Move the carry to 1202H.Experiment No: Date: 8086-ADDITION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an assembly language program to add two 16 bit numbers and store the sum in the memory location 1200H and carry in 1202H. (ii) Power Cable. Step 7: Move the sum to 1200H. Step 4: Clear Carry Flag. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 3: Move next data to CX reg. Jump to step 7 if no carry occurs. Step 9: Stop the Process . Step 5: ADD the CX reg.

FLOWCHART: Start Initialize BL reg. Clear Carry Flag Add CX and AX reg. Is Carry Set? ` YES NO Increment BL reg Store Sum and Carry to Memory Stop . with 00H Move Data into AX and CX reg.

BL HLT OPCODE OPERAND LOOP 1010H 1012H 1016H 101AH COMMENTS Move 00H to BL reg. Stop the Process. Move the data FFFFH to AX reg.00H MOV AX.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 1000H 1003H 1007H 100BH 100CH 100EH MNEMONICS MOV BL.FFFFH MOV CX. If no carry occurs. Move the AX content (sum)to 1200H & 1201H. RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for Addition of two 16-bit numbers had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations. to account for carry. jump to LOOP.001FH CLC ADD AX. Increment BL reg. . Move the data 001FH to CX reg. Clear Carry Flag. CX JNC LOOP INC BL MOV[1200H].AX MOV[1202H]. Move the BL content to 1202H. Add the content of CX to AX.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 5. 3. 4. What is the name given to the register combination DX:AX? What are the modes in which 8086 can operate? What is the data and address size in 8086? Explain the function of M/IO in 8086. Write the flags of 8086 . 2.

ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the BL reg with 00H to account for borrow. Step 7: Move the difference to 1200H. Step 8: Move the borrow to 1202H.Experiment No: Date: 8086-SUBTRACTION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an assembly language program to Subtract two 16 bit numbers and store the difference in the memory location 1200H and borrow in 1202H. Jump to step 7 if no carry occurs. Step 2: Move Minuend to AX reg. Step 6: Increment BL reg. Step 5: Subtract the CX reg. Step 3: Move Subtrahend to CX reg. (ii) Power Cable. Step 4: Clear Carry Flag. content from the AX reg. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Otherwise go to next step. Step 9: Stop the Process .

Clear Carry Flag Subtract CX from AX reg. with 00H Move Data into AX and CX reg. NO Is Carry Set? YES Increment BL reg Store Difference and Borrow in memory Stop .FLOWCHART: Start Initialize BL reg.

Move the data FFFFH to AX reg.BL HLT OPCODE OPERAND LOOP 1010H 1012H 1016H 101AH COMMENTS Move 00H to BL reg.FFFFH MOV CX.00H MOV AX. Increment BL reg. Move the data 001FH to CX reg. Stop the Process. to account for carry. CX JNC LOOP INC BL MOV[1200H]. If no carry occurs.AX MOV[1202H]. Move the BL content to 1202H.OO1FH CLC SUB AX. Move the AX content (difference) to 1200H. RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for Subtraction of two 16-bit numbers had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations. Subtract the content of CX from AX. jump to LOOP.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 1000H 1003H 1007H 100BH 100CH 100EH MNEMONICS MOV BL. . Clear Carry Flag.

3. 4. .OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS What are the interrupts of 8086? How clock signal is generated in 8086? What is the maximum internal clock frequency of 8086? Write the special functions carried by the general purpose registers of 8086 5. What is pipelined architecture? 1. 2.

with the AX reg. with 00H to account for carry. Step 6: Increment BL reg. Step 2: Move Multiplicand to AX reg. (ii) Power Cable. Step 5: Multiply the CX reg. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Otherwise go to next step. Step 9: Stop the Process . Step 3: Move Multiplier to CX reg. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize the BL reg. Step 4: Clear Carry Flag. Jump to step 7 if no carry occurs. Step 7: Move the content of AX & BL to the specified memory locations.Experiment No: Date: 8086-MULTIPLICATION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an assembly language program for Multiplication of two 16 bit numbers using 8086 instruction set.

content Is Carry Set? YES NO Increment BL reg Store the result in memory location Stop . Clear Carry Flag Multiply CX and AX reg.FLOWCHART: Start Initialize BL reg. with 00H Move Data into AX and CX reg.

11B3H MUL CX JNC LOOP INC BL MOV[1200H]. If no carry occurs. Move the data 11A2H to AX reg. Move the DX content to 1202H & 1203H.DX MOV[1204H]. Stop the Process.AX MOV[1202]. Move the data 11B3H to CX reg. Multiply the content of CX to AX reg.00H MOV AX. RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for Multiplication of two 16-bit numbers had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory locations OBSERVATION: . Move the AX content to 1200H & 1201H. to account for carry.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 1000H 1003H 1007H 100BH 100DH MNEMONICS MOV BL.BL HLT OPCODE OPERAND LOOP 100FH 1011H 1015H 1019H 101DH COMMENTS Move 00H to BL reg. Increment BL reg. Move the BL content to 1204H. jump to LOOP.11A2H MOV CX.

3L and DL together. and Place the result in CL? 4. LDS. Which are pointers present in this 8086? . What instructions are needed to add AL. List the segment registers of 8086 2. Illustrate the use of LEA. What is purpose served by CX register? 5.ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. and LES instruction 3.

Step 2: Move Divisor to CX reg. Step 5: Stop the Process. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 3: Divide the content of AX&DX by CX reg. (ii) Power Cable. Step 4: Move the content of AX & DX in the specified memory locations. . ALGORITHM: Step 1: Move the lower order byte of dividend to AX reg. and higher order byte of dividend to DX reg.Experiment No: Date: 8086-DIVISION OF 32 BIT NUMBER BY 16-BIT NUMBER AIM: To write an assembly language program for Division of 32 bit number by 16 bit number using 8086 microprocessor kit.

FLOWCHART: Start Move the Dividend into AX and DX reg Move the Divisor Value to CX reg Divide DX & AX by CX contents Store the Quotient value in desired memory Store the remainder in desired memory Stop .

FFFFH MOV DX. Stop the Process 1000H 1004H 1008H 100CH 100EH 1012H 1016H RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the Division of 32 –bit number by 16-bit number had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location .AX MOV[1202H]. 0012H MOV CX. Move the DX content to 1202H.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV AX.01A1H DIV CX MOV[1200H].DX HLT OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS Move the data FFFFH to AX reg Move the data 0012H to DX reg Move the Divisor 01A1 to CX reg Divide the content of AX&DX BY CX Move the AX content to 1200H.

3. 4. 5.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. How is register AL is used during execution of XLAT? What is the use of PUSH and POP instruction? What is the purpose of XCHG instruction? What do square brackets means when they appear in an operand? Write a routine to swap nibbles in AL. 2. .

. Repeat this until an interrupt is raised Step 6: Stop the Process. (ii) Power Cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: AX is initialized with data & AX is moved into DS Step 2: Initialize CX to 5 Step 3: Load the effective address in SI & DI. .Experiment No: Date: 8086 -REVERSAL OF A STRING AIM: To write an assembly language program to reverse a given string using 8086 microprocessor kit APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Add SI with 04 Step 4: Move SI to AL Step 5: Decrement SI & Increment DI.

FLOWCHART: Start AX is initialized with data & AX is moved into DS CX is initialized to 5 Load the effective address in SI & DI. Add SI with 04 SI is moved to AL Decrement SI & Increment DI Repeat this until an interrupt is raised Stop .

0005H LEA SI. 0004 OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS AX is initialized with data AX is moved into DS CX is initialized to 5 Load the effective address in SI & DI Add SI content with 04 SI is moved to AL AL is moved into DI Decrement SI Increment DI AGAIN: MOV AL.AL DEC SI INC DI LOOP AGAIN INT 3 END Interrupt Stop the Process RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for string reversal has been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location . A1 LEA DI.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV AX . A2 ADD SI. AX MOV CX.[SI] MOV [DI].@ DATA MOV DS.

4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT OUTPUT COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. Mention the features of 8086? Explain how physical address is formed in 8086. 2. 3. What is stack and Subroutine? Difference between Microprocessor & Microcontroller What is the maximum memory addressing and I/O addresing capabilities of 8086? . 5.

. (ii) Power Cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: AX is initialized with data & AX is moved into DS Step 2: Initialize CX to 5 Step 3: Load the effective address in SI & DI.8086 –ADDITION OF TWO 32 BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an assembly language program to add two 32 bit numbers using 8086 APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Repeat this until an interrupt is raised Step 6: Stop the Process. Add SI with 04 Step 4: Move SI to AL Step 5: Decrement SI & Increment DI. .

FLOWCHART: Start AX is initialized with data & AX is moved to DS Data2 is moved to BX & added with Data4 Data3 is moved toCX &added with carry with data4 Data 4C is moved to AH & AL content is moved to DI Interrupt is raised Stop .

Data2 ADD BX.Data1 ADC CX. Data3 MOV AH.@ DATA MOV DS. AX OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS AX is initialized with data AX is moved into DS Move data2 to BX Data4 is added with BX content Move data1 to CX Data3 is added with CX content Data 4C is moved to AH AL content is moved to DI Interrupt Stop the Process MOV BX. Data4 MOV CX.PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV AX .AL INT 21H END RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for 32 –bit addition has been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location .4CH MOV [DI].

AX? Write a routine to swap nibbles in AL. 3. What do square brackets means when they appear in an operand? What is the difference between MOV AX.MODEL SMALL: DATA: Data1 Data2 Data3 Data4 DW DW DW DW VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 0 and SUB AX. Which are pointers present in this 8086? What is meant by Maskable interrupts? . 4. 5. 2.

. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the count 1.1) in B register. Step 8: Stop the Process. decrement the repitition count Step 6: Check ZF. otherwise do next step. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. number of comparisons (length of array -1) in C register.Experiment No: Date: 8086-ASCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an assembly language program to arrange the given data in ascending Order using 8086 microprocessor kit. Step 4: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of Accumulator. number of repetitions (length of array . If carry flag is set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). . Step5: Check CF. If zero flag is set (accumulator content is equal to the other number). (ii) Power Cable. Step 7: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. Step 3: Move the data from memory location pointed to the Accumulator. decrement comparison count. Step 2: Get the count 2.

FLOWCHART: Start Initialize memory pointer to get N. the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < (pointer+1)? YES NO Interchange Numbers Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 = Zero? YES Decrement COUNT 1 NO Is COUNT 1 = zero? YES Stop .

A[BX] CMP AL.00H MOV AL. AL L3: INC BX LOOP L2 MOV DL.05H MOV DL. DS: DATA PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV CL. A[BX+1] JB L3 XCHG AL.05H DEC CL MOV BX. exchange the data Move AL content to BX Increment BX by 1 Goto L2 Move CL content to DL Decrement DL content If the count is not zero. A[BX+1] OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS Move 05 to CL Move 05 to DL Decrement CL register Move 00H to BX Move the 1st data to AL Compare the 1st & 2nd data If 1st data is lesser than 2nd. goto L1 Stop the process L1: L2: MOV A[BX].CL DEC DL LOOP L1 END RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in ascending Order had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location .DATA SEGMENT: A DB 5 DUP(0) DATA ENDS CODE SEGMENT: ASSUME CS: CODE. goto L3 If 1st data is greater than 2nd.

4. 3. From which address the 8086 starts execution after reset? What are the modes in which 8086 can operate? What is the data and address size in 8086? What is purpose served by CX register? Which are pointers present in this 8086 . 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 5.

1) in B register. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8086 Microprocessor kit with keyboard. Step 2: Get the count 2. . decrement the repitition count Step 6: Check ZF. . Step 7: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. If zero flag is set (accumulator content is equal to the other number). number of comparisons (length of array -1) in C register. decrement comparison count. number of repetitions (length of array . ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the count 1. (ii) Power Cable. Step 3: Move the data from memory location pointed to the Accumulator. Step 8: Stop the Process. otherwise do next step.Experiment No: Date: 8086-DESCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an assembly language program to arrange the given data in descending Order using 8086 microprocessor kit. If carry flag is set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). Step5: Check CF. Step 4: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of Accumulator.

the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < (pointer+1)? YES NO Interchange Numbers Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 = Zero? YES Decrement COUNT 1 NO Is COUNT 1 = zero? YES Stop .FLOWCHART: Start Initialize memory pointer to get N.

05H DEC CL MOV BX.DATA SEGMENT: A DB 5 DUP(0) DATA ENDS CODE SEGMENT: ASSUME CS: CODE.CL DEC DL LOOP L1 END RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in desscending Order had been written and executed & the results were stored in desired memory location .05H MOV DL. A[BX] CMP AL. A[BX+1] OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS Move 05 to CL Move 05 to DL Decrement CL register Move 00H to BX Move the 1st data to AL Compare the 1st & 2nd data If 1st data is lesser than 2nd. AL L3: INC BX LOOP L2 MOV DL. DS: DATA PROGRAM: LABEL START: ADDRESS MNEMONICS MOV CL. exchange the data Move AL content to BX Increment BX by 1 Goto L2 Move CL content to DL Decrement DL content If the count is not zero.00H MOV AL. goto L3 If 1st data is greater than 2nd. A[BX+1] JA L3 XCHG AL. goto L1 Stop the process L1: L2: MOV A[BX].

[BP + DI] 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. What is the instruction needed to count the number of 1’s found in AL? 5. What is the difference between JUMP and LOOP instructions? 4. SS=2000h. MOV AL. BP=1000h and DI=0100h. Form a jump instruction that jumps to the address pointed by the BX register? 3. Suppose that DS=1000h. 30H to jump when AL equals 30H? . What conditional jump instruction should be used after CMP AL. Determine the memory address accessed by each of the following instruction.

If no carry occur.Experiment No: Date: 8051-ADDITION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To perform the addition of two 8 bit numbers using immediate addressing and store the result in memory. go to step 7. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Clear register Ro Step 2: Get the data in accumulator. otherwise do next step. Step 4: Make the data pointer to point the address 4500H. Step 3: Add the second data with the first data. (ii) Power Cable. . Step 7: Store the sum (content of accumulator)to the address pointed by the data pointer. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 8: Make the data pointer to point the next address by increment the DPTR. Step 6: Increment the register Ro. Step 9: Store the carry to that address. Step 10: Stop the process. Step 5: Check the carry flag.

FLOWCHART: Start Get first data in accumulator & clear Ro reg Make DP to point 4500H ADD second data with accumulator Is Carry Set YES Increment Ro reg NO Store Sum and Carry in memory using DP Stop .

#00H MOV A. Increment the DPTR. .#data2 OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4106H 4109H 410BH LOOP MOV DPTR. Ro 410FH MOV @ DPTR. Move the data from accumulator to the address denoted by DPTR No operation. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the DPTR Move the content from reg Ro to the accumulator.#data1 ADD A. A 4110H NOP Move the data 00H to reg Ro.A 410CH 410DH 410EH INC DPTR MOV A.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4102H 4104H MNEMONICS MOV Ro. Move the first data in accumulator Add the second data with the accumulator. If no carry occurs go to address 410C. RESULT: Thus the addition of two 8-bit data using immediate addressing is performed and executed. Move the address 4500H to DPTR. #4500H JNC LOOP INC Ro MOV X@DPTR.

OBSERVATION:

ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT

DATA

COMMENTS

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS

1. What is called microcontroller? 2. What is the difference between microprocessor and microcontroller? 3. How many flags are there in 8051 4. How many addressing modes are in 8051 5. What is called Datapointer?

Experiment No:

Date:

8051-SUBTRACTION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS

AIM: To perform the subtraction of two 8 bit numbers using immediate addressing and store the result in memory.

APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. (ii) Power Cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Clear register Ro Step 2: Get the data in accumulator. Step 3: Subtract the second data with the first data. Step 4: Make the data pointer to point the address 4500H. Step 5: Check the carry flag. If no carry occur, go to step 7, otherwise do next step. Step 6: Increment the register Ro. Step 7: Store the difference (content of accumulator)to the address pointed by the data pointer. Step 8: Make the data pointer to point the next address by increment the DPTR. Step 9: Store the borrow to that address. Step 10: Stop the process.

FLOWCHART:

Start

Get first data in accumulator & clear Ro reg

Make DP to point 4500H

Subtract second data with accumulator

Is Borrow Obtained YES Increment Ro reg

NO

Store Difference and Borrow in memory using DP

Stop

#data2 OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4306H 4309H 430BH LOOP MOV DPTR. A 4310H NOP Move the data 00H to reg Ro. . If no carry occurs go to address 410C. Ro 430FH MOV @ DPTR. Move the first data in accumulator Subtract the second data with the accumulator.#data1 SUB A.A 430CH 430DH 430EH INC DPTR MOV A. Move the address 4500H to DPTR. Move the data from accumulator to the address denoted by DPTR No operation. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the DPTR Move the content from reg Ro to the accumulator. Increment the DPTR.#00H MOV A. RESULT: Thus the subtraction of two 8-bit data using immediate addressing is performed and executed. #4500H JNC LOOP INC Ro MOV X@DPTR.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4302H 4304H MNEMONICS MOV Ro.

What is called Indirect addressing mode? 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1 . How many registers are in 8051 2. What is called Immediate addressing mode? 3. How many bytes is used for the instruction MOV DPTR. #4500H instruction . How many flags are affected in SUB instructions 5.

. Step 3: Multiply two 8-bit data. Step 2: Get the second data in reg B.Experiment No: Date: 8051-MULTIPICATION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an 8051 assembly language program to multiply two 8-bit numbers and store the result in memory. Step 8: Stop the process. (ii) Power Cable. Step 6: Increment the data pointer. Step 5: Store the LSB of the result from the accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in accumulator. Step 4: Get the data pointer to point the address 4500H. Step 7: Store the MSB of the result in the address pointed by DPTR.

FLOWCHART: Start

Clear carry flag

Get multiplicand in accumulator

Get multiplier in B reg

Multiply accumulator with B

Store the result in memory

Stop

PROGRAM:

LABEL START

ADDRESS

4300H 4302H 4305H 4306H 4309H

MNEMONICS MOV A,#data1 MOV F0,#data2 MUL B MOV DPTR, #4500H MOV X@DPTR,A

OPCODE

OPERAND

COMMENTS

430AH 430BH

INC DPTR MOV A,B

430DH

MOV X@DPTR,A

430EH

NOP

Move the data 1 to accumulator. Move the data 2 the reg B. Multiply A & B. Move the address 4500H to DPTR. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the DPTR. Move the content of B reg to the accumulator. Move the data from accumulator to the address denoted by DPTR. No operation.

RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the multiplication of two 8-bit data has been written and executed & the results are stored in desired memory location.

OBSERVATION:

ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT

DATA

COMMENTS

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS

1. What is F0 in this instruction MOV F0,#data? 2. What is called Stack pointer? 3. Define Flag register 4. What is the use of this instruction MOVX@ DPTR, A? 5. What type of addressing mode is used for the instruction MUL AB?

Experiment No: Date: 8051-DIVISION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To write an 8051 assembly language program to divide two 8-bit numbers and store the result in memory. (ii) Power Cable. Step 7: Store the remainder of the result in the address pointed by DPTR. Step 6: Increment the data pointer. Step 4: Get the data pointer to point the address 4500H. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 3: Divide two 8-bit data. . Step 5: Store the Quotient of the result from the accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR. Step 8: Stop the process. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Get the first data in accumulator. Step 2: Get the second data in reg B.

FLOWCHART: Start Clear carry flag Get dividend in accumulator Get divisor in B reg Divide accumulator with B Store the result in memory Stop .

Move the data from accumulator to the address denoted by DPTR. Divide A by B.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4302H 4305H 4306H 4309H MNEMONICS MOV A.#data2 DIV B MOV DPTR. #4500H MOV X@DPTR. Move the address 4500H to DPTR.#data1 MOV F0. No operation. Move the content of B reg to the accumulator.B 430DH MOV X@DPTR.A OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 430AH 430BH INC DPTR MOV A. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the DPTR. Move the data 2 the reg B. RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program for the division of two 8-bit data has been written and executed & the results are stored in desired memory location .A 430EH NOP Move the data 1 to accumulator.

What is called Fetch Cycle? 3. What is the use of POP instruction? . What is called Implied addressing mode? 5. What is called Direct addressing mode? 4.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. The mnemonics used in writing a program is called _______________________ 2.

APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 3: Increment the datapointer and move the firtdata HB to R2 register. Step 9: Make the data pointer to point the next address by increment the DPTR. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Clear register Ro Step 2: Make the datapointer to point the address 4500 and move first data LB to R1 register. Step 10: Store the carry to that address. otherwise do next step. Step 6 :Check the carry flag. Step 11: Stop the process.Experiment No: Date: 8051-ADDITION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS AIM: To perform the addition of two 16 bit numbers using immediate addressing and store the result in memory. Step 8: Store the sum (content of accumulator)to the address pointed by the data pointer. . (ii) Power Cable. Step 5: Increment the datapointer and add with carry HB of 2nd data with HB of 1st data. go to step8 . Step 7: Increment the register Ro. Step 4: Increment the datapointer and add the LB of 1st data with LB of 2nd data and store in R1 register. If no carry occur.

Increment DPTR move 1st data HB to R2 reg.Increment DPTR Add LB of 1st and 2nd data Increment DPTR ADD with carry HB of2nd data with 1st Is Carry Set YES Increment Ro reg NO Store Sum and Carry in memory using DP Stop . Make DP to point 4500H Move 1st data LB to R1 reg .FLOWCHART: Start Clear R0 reg.

PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4102 4105 MNEMONICS MOV Ro. #4500H MOV X A.#00H MOV DPTR.A 410A 410B INC DPTR MOV X A. Move the address 4500H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the content of LB of 1st data from accumulator to reg R1 Increment Data pointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the content of LB of 1st data from accumulator to reg R2 Increment Data pointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Add the content of LB of 2nd data from reg R1with accumulator Move the content of accumulator to reg R1 Increment Data pointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Add with carry the content of HB of 2nd data from reg R2 with accumulator Move the content of 4110 ADDC A.@DPTR Move the data 00H to reg Ro.R2 4111 MOV R2.A 4107 4108 INC DPTR MOV X A.@DPTR 4109 MOV R2.A 410E 410F INC DPTR MOV X A.@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4106 MOV R1.RI 410D MOV R1.@DPTR 410C ADD A.A .

4112 4114 4115 JNC LOOP INC Ro MOV A.R2 4119 411A INC DPTR MOVX @ DPTR. .R0 411C 411D INC DPTR MOVX @ DPTR. If no carry occurs go to address 4115 Increment reg R0 Move the content of reg R1 to accumulator .Increment the DPTR. Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Move the content of reg R2 to accumulator Increment the DPTR Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Move the content of reg R0 to accumulator Increment the DPTR Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR No operation.R1 LOOP 4116 4117 INC DPTR MOV X@DPTR.A 4118 MOV A. A 411E NOP accumulator to the reg R2. A 411B MOV A. RESULT: Thus the addition of two 8-bit data using immediate addressing is performed and executed.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS INPUT OUTPUT DATA COMMENTS

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

What is the use of POP instruction? What is called Vector Location? Define Interrupt? What is the length of Stack pointer? What is the length of Instruction Register?

Experiment No:

Date:

TRANSFERING A BLOCK OF DATA FROM INTERNAL TO EXTERNAL MEMORY

AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to transfer the block of data starting from Internal memory location 31 to the memory location 4401H. The total number of data is stored at 4400H. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. (ii) Power Cable. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4400H. Step 2: Move the total number of data to the R0 register. Step 3: Move the internal RAM Memory location 31 to the register R1. Step 4: Increment the destination block pointer. Step 5: Move the indirect Ram to the accumulator. Step 6: Store the first data to the destination address. Step 7: Increment the source block pointer. Step 8: Decrement the R0 register. Step 9: If ZF=0, go to step 4.otherwise go to next step. Step 10: Stop the Process.

FLOWCHART: Start

Move DPTR to point to 4400

Load the total number of input data In R0 reg

Move direct byte 31 to R1 reg.

Store data byte to destination block

Increment the source & destination block pointer

Decrement R0 reg

NO If ZF=1 YES Stop

@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4204 MOV R0.@R1 MOV X @DPTR.A 4207 4208 4209 420A 420B 420C INC R1 DEC R0 JNZ LOOP 420E NOP Move the address 4400H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Get count of total number of data bytes in R0 reg. . #4400H MOV X A.#31 INC DPTR MOV A.program control jump to label. No operation RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to transfer the block of data from Internal memory location 31 to 4401H has been written and verified.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4200H 4203 MNEMONICS MOV DPTR. Move immediate data to the reg R1 Increment datapointer Movev indirect RAM to accumulator Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment the register R1 Decrement the register R0 If ZF=0.A 4205 LOOP MOV R1.

What is the length of Memory Address Register? What is the length of Data buffer Register? What is the length of Program Counter? What is the length of Temporary Register? What is the length of Accumulator? . 3.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 4. 5. 2.

go to step 5. . Step 3: Move the Higher order byte of source to R1 register Step 4: Move the Higher order byte of destination to R2 register Step 5: Move the content of register R1 to datapointer. (ii) Power Cable.otherwise go to next step. Step 2: Move the total number of data to the R0 register. Step 8: Decrement the R0 register. Step 6: Increment the destination block pointer. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4500H.Experiment No: Date: TRANSFERING A BLOCK OF DATA FROM EXTERNAL TO EXTERNAL MEMORY AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to transfer the block of data starting from memory location 4501H to 4800H. Step 9: If ZF=0. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. The total number of data is stored at 4500H. Step 7: Store the first data to the destination address. Step 10: Stop the Process.

FLOWCHART: Start Move DPTR to point 4500 Move 45 to R1 and 48 to R2 reg Move count to R0 and R1 reg content to DPH Store data byte to destination block Increment the source & destination block pointer Decrement R0 reg NO If ZF=1 YES Stop .

Move the direct data to R2 register. . Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Get count of total number of data bytes in R0 reg. No operation RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to transfer the block of data from memory location 4501H to 4800H has been written and verified.R2 430F MOV X @DPTR.A 4310 4311 DEC R0 JNZ LOOP 4313 NOP Move the address 4300H to DPTR Move the higher order byte of Data pointer to R1 register.program control jump to label. Increment datapointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the content of the register R2 to the destination Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Decrement the register R0 If ZF=0.#45H OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4305H 4307H MOV R2.R1 430B 430C INC DPTR MOV X A.#48H MOV X A. Move the content of the reg R1 to higher order byte of thev Datapointer.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4303H MNEMONICS MOV DPTR.@DPTR 430D MOV DPH.@DPTR 4308H MOV R0.A LOOP 4309H MOV DPH. #4500H MOV R1.

2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 5. 4. 3. How many I/O ports can be accessed in Direct Method? How many lines are there in address bus What is called Program Counter? What is called Instruction Register ? What is the direction of databus? .

Experiment No: Date: ASCII TO ITS EQUIVALENT HEXADECIMAL CONVERSION AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a ASCII number to Hexadecimal number. Step 2: Move the ASCIIl number to accumulator. Step 6: Store the equivalent hexa decimal number to the datapointer. The ASCII data is stored in 4600H and Hexadecimal data is store in 4601H. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4600H. (ii) Power Cable. Step 5:Increment the Data pointer. Step 7: Stop the Process. . Step 4: Subtract with borrow the content of the register R1 with the accumulator. Step 3: Move the direct byte 30 to the register R1.

FLOWCHART: START Move DPTR to point 4600 Move Hexadecimal num to Acc Mov 30 to R1 reg and Sub with Acc Increment DPTR Move the result to DPTR STOP .

.A 4309 NOP Move the address 4600H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the direct byte to the register R1 Subtract with borrow the content of register R1 with accumulator Increment datapointer Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR No operation RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to convert a ASCII number to equivalent Hexadecimal number has been written and verified.@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4304 4306 MOV R1.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4303 MNEMONICS MOV DPTR.#30 SUBB A.R1 4307 4308 INC DPTR MOV X @DPTR. #4600H MOV X A.

5.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT OUTPUT COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 4. 2. 3. Which byte of an instruction is loaded into IR register What is the length of Stackpointer? What is the length of Status word? How many interrupts are there in 8051 What is PSW? .

ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4600H. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 6: Store the equivalent ASCII number to the datapointer. Step 5:Increment the Data pointer. Step 4: Add the content of the register R1 with the accumulator. . Step 3: Move the direct byte 30 to the register R1. (ii) Power Cable.Experiment No: Date: HEXADECIMAL TO ITS EQUIVALENT ASCII CONVERSION AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to convert a Hexadecimal number to its equivalent ASCII number The Hexadecimal data is stored in 4600H and ASCII data is stored in 4601H. Step 2: Move the content of datapointer to accumulator. Step 7: Stop the Process.

FLOWCHART: START Move DPTR to point 4600 Move Hexadecimal num to Acc Mov 30 to R1 reg and add with Acc Increment DPTR Move the result to DPTR STOP .

PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4300H 4303H MNEMONICS MOV DPTR.A 4309H NOP Move the address 4600H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the direct byte to the register R1 Add the content of register R1 with accumulator Increment datapointer Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR No operation RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to convert a ASCII number to equivalent Hexadecimal number has been written and verified . #4600H MOV X A.@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4304H 4306H MOV R1.#30 ADD A.R1 4307H 4308H INC DPTR MOV X @DPTR.

5. How many I/o ports can be accessed by direct method How many I/o ports can be accessed by Memory mapped method What is called Vectored Interrupt? What is called Maskable interrupt? When interrupt service request is serviced . 2. . 4. 3.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT OUTPUT COMMENTS VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.

Step 10: Check ZF. number of repetitions (i. Step 9: Compare and jump if not equal goto step11 else do next step. Step 12: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. total number of data-1) in R0 register. Step 13: Decrement the number of comparisons (count 2). (ii) Power Cable. Step 14: If the number of comparison is not equal to zero. Step 15: Decrement the number of repetitions (count 1).. Step 5: Move the datapointer to point to 4501H Step 6: Move DPL to R2 Step 7: Move the 1st data to B register and increment DPTR and move the 2nd data to the accumulator. otherwise do next step. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor.. Step 4: Save the count 2 in R1 register.e. . go to step 13 otherwise do next step.Experiment No: Date: 8085-ASCENDING ORDER AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in Ascending Order. total number of data-1) in A register. Step 8: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of accumulator. Step 16: If the number of repetitions is not completed go to step 3. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Move the datapointer to point to 4500H Step 2: Get the count 1. number of comparisons (i. If carry flag is not set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). Step 3: Get the count 2. Step 17: Stop the Process. otherwise do the next step. go to step 6. If zero flag is set goto step else do next step Step 11: check CF.e.

FLOWCHART 8051-ASCENDING ORDER Start Initialize Datapointer to get N the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < (pointer+1)? YES NO Interchange Numbers Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 Zero? YES Decrement COUNT 1 NO Is COUNT 1 zero? YES Store sum as result Stop .

BACK DJNZ R0.B Interchange numbers if not in order Decrement count2 Decrement count 1 Stop the Process SKIP 411F 4120 4122 4124 MOVX @DPTR.PROGRAM FOR SORTING A SERIES IN ASCENDING ORDER LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4105 MOV DPTR.@DPTR DEC A MOV R0.DPL MOVX A. .@DPTR CJNE A.#4500 MOVX A.A INC DPTR MOVX A.R0 MOV R1.R2 MOVX @DPTR.A INC DPTR MOV A.@DPTR MOV B.AGAIN NOP RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in ascending order has been written and executed & the results are stored in desired memory location.A BACK 4108 410B 410D 410E 4110 4111 4112 MOV DPTR.A DJNZ R1.B LOOP1 Compare consecutive numbers LOOP1 4115 4117 4119 411B 411C 411D JZ SKIP JNC SKIP MOV DPL.#4501 MOV R2.A R0 = COUNT 1 for (N1)repetitions R1= COUNT 2 for (N1)Comparisons AGAIN 4106 4107 MOV A.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Which interrupt remains enabled even after a reset operation What instruction is used to enable the interrupt? What instruction is used to enable the TRAP interrupt? What is the use of RIM instruction? What is the purpose of READY signal? .

Step 14: If the number of comparison is not equal to zero. Step 15: Decrement the number of repetitions (count 1).e. Step 4: Save the count 2 in R1 register. number of repetitions (i. total number of data-1) in A register. Step 12: Store the smallest number to the previous memory location & greatest to the current memory location. Step 3: Get the count 2.Experiment No: 8051-DESCENDING ORDER Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in Descending Order. Step 10: Check ZF. Step 13: Decrement the number of comparisons (count 2). total number of data-1) in R0 register. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Move the datapointer to point to 4500H Step 2: Get the count 1. Step 8: Compare the data from next memory location with the content of accumulator. go to step 6. If zero flag is set goto step else do next step Step 11: check CF.e. otherwise do next step. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 5: Move the datapointer to point to 4501H Step 6: Move DPL to R2 Step 7: Move the 1st data to B register and increment DPTR and move the 2nd data to the accumulator. (ii) Power Cable.. . Step 16: If the number of repetitions is not completed go to step 3. number of comparisons (i. go to step 13 otherwise do next step. Step 9: Compare and jump if not equal goto step11 else do next step. If carry flag is set (accumulator content is smaller than the other number). Step 17: Stop the Process.. otherwise do the next step.

FLOWCHART 8051-DESCENDING ORDER Start Initialize Data pointer to get N the length of series Initialize COUNT 1 for (N-1) repetitions Initialize COUNT 2 for (N-1) Comparisons Increment memory pointer and get the number from series IS pointer < (pointer+1)? YES NO Interchange Numbers Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 2 zero? YES Decrement COUNT 2 NO Is COUNT 1 zero? YES Store sum as result Stop .

A INC DPTR MOV A.DPL MOVX A.A BACK 4108 410B 410D 410E 4110 4111 4112 MOV DPTR.PROGRAM FOR SORTING A SERIES IN DESCENDING ORDER LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONIC OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 4103 4104 4105 MOV DPTR.@DPTR MOV B.A R0 = COUNT 1 for (N1)repetitions R1= COUNT 2 for (N1)Comparisons AGAIN 4106 4107 MOV A.A DJNZ R1.#4501 MOV R2. .A INC DPTR MOVX A.@DPTR DEC A MOV R0.R2 MOVX @DPTR.@DPTR CJNE A.AGAIN NOP RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to arrange the given data in descending order has been written and executed & the results are stored in desired memory location.B Interchange numbers if not in order Decrement count2 Decrement count 1 Stop the Process SKIP 411F 4120 4122 4124 MOVX @DPTR.B LOOP1 Compare consecutive numbers LOOP1 4115 4117 4119 411B 411C 411D JZ SKIP JC SKIP MOV DPL.BACK DJNZ R0.#4500 MOVX A.R0 MOV R1.

5. 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1.#data1? What addressing mode is used in the instruction MOVX @DPTR. A? What addressing mode is used in the instruction ADD A. What is the purpose of ALE signal? What addressing mode is used in the instruction MOV A. 4. 3.R1? What addressing mode is used in the instruction MOV A.@R1? .

ALGORITHM: Step 1: Make the data pointer to point the address 4500H. The total number of data is stored at 4500H APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8051 Microprocessor. Step 2: Move the total number of data to the R0 register. Step 3: Increment datapointer. Step 6: Store the first data to the destination address . go to step 6. .Decrement the R0 register. Step 9: If ZF=0.Experiment No: FILLING EXTERNAL MEMORY Date: AIM: To write an Assembly Language Program to fill the data starting from memory location 4200H to 4300H. Step 7: Increment the destination block pointer. Step 4: Move the first data to Accumulator Step 5: Make the data pointer to point the address 4200H. Step 10: Stop the Process. (ii) Power Cable. Step 8:.otherwise go to next step.

FLOWCHART: Start Move DPTR to point 4500 Move count to R0 reg Increment DPTR move 1st data to Accmulator Move DPTR to point 4200 Store the data in the deastination address Increment Data pointer` II Decrement R0 reg NO If ZF=1 YES Stop .

A 410AH 410BH 410CH 410DH INC DPTR DEC R0 JNZ LOOP1 Move the address 4500H to DPTR Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the content of accumulator to R0 register. No operation 410FH NOP RESULT: Thus the assembly language program to fill the data starting from memory location 4200H to 4300H and internal memory 30 to 40 has been written and verified. #4200H MOV X @DPTR.A 4105H 4106H INC DPTR MOV X A.program control jump to label. .@DPTR 4107H LOOP1 MOV DPTR. Increment datapointer Move the data from address pointed by DPTR to the accumulator Move the address 4200H to DPTR Move the data from accumulator to the address pointed by DPTR Increment datapointer Decrement the register R0 If ZF=0.@DPTR OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4104H MOV R0.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS 4100H 4103H MNEMONICS MOV DPTR. #4500H MOV X A.

What is the use of RST pin? 5. . How many ports are used in 8051 3. The crystal oscillator is connected to pins__________ &________________ 4. What is the use of JUMP instruction? 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS DATA INPUT OUTPUT COMMENTS OUTPUT VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. “Pushing the stack” refers to___________ operation in a LIFO memory.

(ii) Power Cable. The stepper motor interface consists of driver transistors for stepper motor windings and address decoding circuit. Otherwise go to step 1. 21-key Hex-keypad and six numbers of seven segment LEDs and Bus Expansion connector. 8KB EPROM. If it is not equal to zero go to step 3. Step 7: Check the value of DE reg pair. The motherboard consists of 8085 MPU. The microprocessor output the binary sequence through data bus. Step 5: Initialize DE register pair with data 030H. Step 6: Decrement DE register pair. THEORY: The hardware setup consists of a microprocessor motherboard and stepper motor interface board. which are converted to current pulses by the driver transistors and used to drive stepper motor. Keyboard and display controller 8279. The software for the system is developed in 8085 assembly language. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize HL register pair with address 4150H. . Date: APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor.Experiment No: STEPPER MOTOR INTERFACE AIM: To run a stepper motor at different speed in two directions. Step 2: Initialize register B with total number of data for rotation. (iii)Stepper Motor Interface. Step 4: Send the data from accumulator to port address of stepper motor interface. 8KB RAM. Step 3: Get the data for rotation in accumulator.

FLOWCHART: Start Initialize HL reg with 411AH & Initialize B reg with 04H Get data for rotation in accumulator Send data to port address Initialize DE reg pair with 0303H Décrément DE reg Is NO DE=00 YES Increment HL reg pair Decrement B reg Is B=0 YES NO .

go to REPEAT. Send data to output port. Send data to accumulator. The stepper motor is also rotated at different speed. No operation.41 05. If DE#0. OR the accumulator content with D reg.41 04 REPEAT C0 03. Go to start.41 00. Increment HL reg pair.M OUT C0H LXI D.411AH 21 MVI B.04H MOV A. If B#0. Decrement B reg.03 DELAY 410BH 410CH 410DH 410EH 410FH 4112H 4113H 4114H 4117H 0B.0303H NOP DCX D MOV A.E ORA D JNZ DELAY INX H DCR B JNZ REPEAT JMP START 06 7E D3 11 00 1B 7B B2 C2 23 05 C2 C3 1A. Load data 04H to B reg. Move data from E to A. go to DELAY. Decrement DE reg pair.41 Initialize HL reg with 411AH.PROGRAM: LABEL START ADDRESS MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100H 4103H 4105H 4106H 4108H LXI H. Initialize DE reg pair with 0303H. Unipolar steeping scheme: Step 1 2 3 4 clock A1 1 0 0 0 wise A2 0 0 1 0 B1 0 0 0 1 B2 0 1 0 0 A1 1 0 0 0 Anticlock A2 0 0 1 0 wise B1 0 1 0 0 B2 0 0 0 1 Two Phase Steeping Scheme: Step 1 2 3 4 clock A1 1 0 0 1 wise A2 0 1 1 0 B1 0 0 1 1 B2 1 1 0 0 A1 1 0 0 1 Anticlock A2 0 1 1 0 wise B1 1 1 0 0 B2 0 0 1 1 RESULT: Thus the program has been written and the stepper motor is rotated in two directions. .

What is the use of JUMP instruction? 2.OBSERVATION: ADDRESS 411AH 411BH 411CH 411DH Stepper motor DATA 0A 09 06 05 05 06 09 0A Rotated in forward COMMENTS Data to rotate in forward direction INPUT OUTPUT Direction VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. microprocessor 8085 is the enhanced version of ____________ with essentially the same construction set . What is the difference between unipolar and two phase steeping scheme? 4. How many machine cycles needed for the execution of ORA? 3. A state during which nothing happens is known as ________________ 5.

The total unadjusted error in ADC0808 is ± 1/2 LSD. The ADC0809 is suitable for interface with 8086 microprocessor. Step 8:check for zero flag if not set go to step 6. ALGORITHM: Step 1: Load data 10 to accumulator. Step 4: Load data 10 to accumulator Step 5: Send the data from accumulator to output port address of ADC interface Step 6: Send the data from accumulator to input port address of ADC interface Step 7: AND the contents 01 with accumulator and compare with it. The ADC0809 has a total unadjusted error of ±1 LSD (Least Significant Digit). Step 2: Send the data from accumulator to output port address of ADC interface Step 3: clear accumulator.Experiment No: Date: ADC INTERFACING AIM: To write a program to initiate ADC and to store the digital data in memory APPARATUS REQUIRED:   8085 Trainer Kit ADC Interface board THEORY: The ADC0809 is an 8-bit successive approximation type ADC with inbuilt 8-channel multiplexer. The ADC0809 is available as a 28 pin IC in DIP (Dual Inline Package).otherwise do the next step Step 9: Send the data from accumulator to input port address of ADC interface Step10:store the result and stop the operation .The ADC0808 is also same as ADC0809 except the error.

FLOWCHART: START TT Initialize HL reg with 411AH & Initialize B reg with 04H Get data for rotation in accumulator Send data to port address Initialize DE reg pair with 0303H Decrement b-reg Is NO DE=00 YES Increment HL reg pair Decrement B reg Is B=0 YES NO .

00 Load 00 to A-reg 410A OUT D0 Send data to output port 410B LOOP IN D8 Send data to input port 410C ANI 01 And 01 with accumulator 410D CPI 01 Compare 01 with accumulator 410E JNZ LOOP If zero flag is not set.10 Load 10 to A-reg 4105 OUT D0 Send data to output port 4106 XRA A Clear accumulator 4107 XRA A Clear accumulator 4108 XRA A Clear accumulator 4109 MVI A.go to specified label 4111 IN C0 Send data to input port 4112 STA 4150 Store accumulator 4115 HLT Stop operation RESULT: Thus the ADC was initiated and the digital data was stored at desired location .10 Load 10 to A-reg 4101 OUT C8 Send data to output port 4102 MVI A.10 Load 10 to A-reg 4103 OUT C8 Send data to output port 4104 MVI A.PROGRAM: ADDRESS LABEL MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS 4100 START: MVI A.

2. 5. What is the difference between LXI H. 3.OBSERVATION: Compare the data displayed at the LEDs with that stored at location 4150 VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. 4.4100 and LHLD 4100? What are the application of microprocessor? What is called LIFO? How many interrupts are there in 8085? Which group of ports of 8255 PPI can be operated in 2modes .

the analog output is -5v. Outputting digital data 00 and FF at regular intervals to DAC. Similarly.The output is +5v.triangular etc. the output voltage varied in steps of 10/256=0.92 … 0.96 -4. SQUARE WAVE GENERATION: (i) Load the initial value (00) to accumulator and move it to DAC (ii) Call the delay program (iii) Load the final value (FF) to accumulator and move it to DAC (iv) Call the delay program (v) Repeat steps 2 to 5 .00 -4.92 4.1 Input Data in HEX 00 01 02 … 7F … FD FE FF Output Voltage -5.96 5.04(appx).00 … 4. The digital data input and the corresponding output voltages are presented in the table.Experiment No: DAC INTERFACING Date AIM: To interface DAC with 8085 to demonstrate the generation of square. with FFH as input . with 00H as input to DAC.saw tooth and rectangular wave.1. APPARATUS REQUIRED:   8085 Trainer Kit DAC Interface board THEORY: DAC 0800 is an 8-bit DAC and the output voltage variation is between -5V and + 5V..results in different waveforms namely square.00 Referring to Table. the port address of DAC is 08H. ALGORITHM: 1.

.2. TRIANGULAR WAVE GENERATION: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) Load the initial value (00) to accumulator Move the accumulator content to DAC Increment the accumulator content by1 If accumulator content is zero proceed to next step. Else go to step 3 Load value (FF) to accumulator Move the accumulator content to DAC Decrement the accumulator content by 1 If accumulator content is zero go to step2. SAW TOOTH WAVE GENERATION: (i) Load the initial value 00 to accumulator (ii) Move the accumulator content to DAC (iii) Increment the accumulator content by 1 (iv) Repeat steps 3 and 4. 3. Else go to step 7.

FLOWCHART: SQUARE WAVEFORM Start Move data to 00H to A Call Delay subroutine Move data FFH to A Call Delay subroutine Jump DELAY: Start Move data FFH to C reg & 05 to B reg Decrement C reg YES Is C#0 NO Decrement B reg Is B#0 NO Return YES .

FLOWCHART: SAWTOOTH WAVEFORM Start Move data to 00H to A Increment A YES If There is No zero NO YES Jump NO Stop .

TRIANGULAR WAVEFORM Start Move data 00H to L reg Move L reg to Accumulator Increment the reg L YES If There is No zero NO Move data to FFH to L reg Move L reg to Accumulator Decrement the reg L YES If There is No zero NO YES Jump NO Stop .

FF L2: DCR C JNZ L2 OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS Load 00 to accumulator Send data to output port Call operation Load 00 to accumulator Call operation Jump tothe label specified Load 05 to B-reg Load FF to C-reg Dec C-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Decrement B-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Return to the mainprogram 410A 410B DCR B JNZ L1 410C RET Saw tooth Wave Generation: ADDRESS LABEL 4100 START: 4101 4102 4103 L1 MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS MVI A.00 Load 00 to accumulator OUT C8 Load 00 to accumulator INR A Increment A-reg JNZ L1 Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set JMP START Jump to the label specified 4104 .05 L1: MVI C.PROGRAM: Square Wave Generation: ADDRESS LABEL 4100 START: 4101 4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4108 4109 MNEMONICS MVI A.00 OUT C8 CALL DELAY OUT C8 CALL DELAY JMP START DELAY: MVI B.

L OUT C8 DCR L JNZ L2 410E JMP START RESULT: Thus the square. .FF MOV A.Triangular Wave Generation: ADDRESS LABEL 4100 START: 4101 4102 4103 4104 L1: MNEMONICS OPCODE MVI L.L OUT C8 INR L JNZ L1 OPERAND COMMENTS Load 00 to Lreg Load 00 to accumulator Send data to output port incrementLreg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Load FF to Lreg Load FF to accumulator Send data to output port Decrement Lreg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Jump to the label specified 4107 4108 4109 410A 410B L2: MVI L..triangular and saw tooth waveform were generated by interfacing DAC with 8085 trainer kit.00 MOV A.

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 1. Write the two ways to initialize stack pointer at FFFFH? Define instruction set? is it possible to check AC flag status of 8085.how?? What is difference between PUSH and POP instruction? How many flags are affected for the HALT? . 4. 5. 2. 3.

26 pin parallel port connector.So the traffic lights can be automatically switched ON/OFF in desired sequence. The LED’s can be switched ON/OFF in the specified sequence by the Microprocessor. (iii)Lights for traffic signaling. Keyboard & Display Controller 8279. (ii) Power Cable. The traffic light interface board is connected to Main board using 26 core flat cables to 26-pin Port connector. The Interface board has been designed to work with parallel port of Microprocessor system. The second part is the traffic light controller interface board. Programmable as Peripheral Interface 8255. (iii)Traffic Light Interfacing. which consist of 36 LED’s in which 20 LED’s are used for vehicle traffic and they are connected to 20 port lines of 8255 through Buffer. APPARATUS REQUIRED: (i) 8085 Microprocessor. THEORY: The traffic lights are interfaced to Microprocessor system through buffer and ports of programmable peripheral Interface 8255. RAM. Remaining LED’s are used for pedestrian traffic. . The first part is Microprocessor based system with 8085. The hardware of the system consists of two parts. Microprocessor as CPU and the peripheral devices like EPROM.Experiment No: TRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROLLER AIM: Date: To control the traffic light system with an 8085 microcontroller program. 21 keys Hexa key pad and six number of seven segment LED’s.

ALGORITHM: Step 1: Initialize HL pair with 4500H and C reg with 02H. Step 2: Send control word to CNT register. otherwise go to step 3. . Step 3: Send data to port A & B. Step 5: Decrement C reg. Step 6: if C=0 go to step 1. Step 4: Call delay and increment HL pair.

FLOWCHART: Start Initialize HL pair with 4500H & C reg with 02H Send control word to CNT reg Send data to port A & B Call Delay Increment HL pair Decrement C register If C=0 YES NO .

DELAY: PUSH BC reg pair to stack Move 05H to C reg Load the DE with FFFFH Décrément DE reg pair Is DE=0 NO YES Décrément C reg NO Is C=0 YES POP stack to BC rerg Return .

PROGRAM:
LABEL START ` ADDRESS MNEMONICS OPCODE OPERAND COMMENTS

4100H 4103H 4105H 4106H 4108H 4109H 410AH 410CH 410DH 410EH 4110H 4113H 4114H 4115H 4118H 411BH 411DH 4120H 4121H 4122H 4123H 4126H 4127H 412AH

LXI H,4500H MVI C,02H MOV A,M OUT CNT INX H MOV A,M OUT APRT INX H MOV A,M OUT BPRT CALL DELAY INX H DCR C JNZ LOOP1

21 0E 7E D3 232 7E D3 23 7E D3 CD 23 0D C2

00,45 02

0F

LOOP1

0C

0D 1B,41

Initialize HL pair with 4500H Move data 02H to C reg. Get data from memory to accumulator. Send data to control reg. Increment HL pair reg. Get data from memory to accumulator. Send data to port A. Increment HL pair reg. Get data from memory to accumulator. Send data to port B. Call delay routine. Increment HL pair reg. Decrement HL pair. If C reg value is non-zero go to loop1. Go to start. Move 05H to B reg. Initialize DE reg pair with FFFFH. Decrement DE reg pair. Move data from D to A reg. OR reg with E reg. Go to loop2. Decrement B reg. Go to loop3. Return.

09,41 00,41 05 FF,FF

DELAY LOOP3 LOOP2

JMP START C3 MVI B.05H 06 LXI D,FFFFH 11 DCX D MOV A,D ORA E JNZ LOOP2 DCR B JNZ LOOP3 RET 1B 7A B3 C2 05 C2 09

20,41 1D,41

RESULT: Thus the Assembly Language Program to control the traffic light system has been written and output is verified.

OBSERVATION: ADDRESS 4500H 4501H 4502H 4503H 4504H DATA 80 1A A1 81 5A COMMENTS Control Word First Step Data First Step Data Second Step Data Second Step Data

VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS

6. What is the use of latch? 7. What is the use of IN/OUT instruction? 8. What addressing mode is used for the instruction MOV A,M? 9. What is called buffer? 10. How many modes are there in 8255

Experiment No: KEYBOARD / DISPLAY CONTROLLLER

Date

AIM: To interface 8279 Programmable Keyboard Display Controller to 8085 Microprocessor. APPARATUS REQUIRED:     8085 Microprocessor toolkit 8279 Interface Board VXT Parallel bus Regulated D.C Power supply

THEORY:

& 310
A programmable keyboard and display interfacing chip. It Scans and encodes up to a 64-ey keyboard and it controls up to a 16-digit numerical display. The keyboard section has a builtin FIFO 8 character buffer. The display is controlled from an internal 16x8 RAM has stores the coded display information.

4130H MVI D.0FH MVI A.M OPERAND COMMENTS Initialize HL pair with 4130H Load 0F to D-reg Load 10 to A-reg Send data to outport port Load CC to A-reg Send data to outport port Load 90 to A-reg Send data to outport port Move content of memory to accumulator Send data to outport port Call delay Increment HL pair Decrement D-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Jump to the label specified Load A0 to B-reg Load FF to C-reg Decrement C-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Decrement B-reg Jump to the label specified if zero flag is not set Return to the main program 410B 410E 4121 4122 4123 OUT C0H CALL DELAY INX H DCR D JNZ LOOP 4126 4129 412B 412D 412E JMP START DELAY: MVI B.90H OUT C2H MOV A. .FFH LOOP1 DCR C JNZ LOOP1 4131 4132 DCR B JNZ LOOP2 4135 RET RESULT: Thus 8279 controller was interfaced with 8085 and program for rolling display was executed successfully.10H OUT C2H MVI A.CCH OUT C2H MVI A.A0H LOOP2 MVI C.PROGRAM: ADDRESS LABEL 4100 START: 4101 4102 4103 4104 4107 4108 4109 410A LOOP: MNEMONICS OPCODE LXI H.

4130 -FF 4131 -FF 4132 –FF 4133 -FF 4134 -FF 4135 -FF 4136 -FF 4137 -FF 4138 -FF 4139 -FF 413A -FF 413B–FF 413C -FF 413D-FF 413E-FF 413F-FF VIVA VOCE QUESTIONS 11.4130H . How many machine cycles are used for the instruction LXI H. What is the use of CALL instruction? 12.OBSERVATION: Pointer equal to 4130 FF repeated eight times. What addressing mode is used for the instruction MVI C. What is the use of RETURN instruction? 13.FF? 14. What is the Jump range? 15.

select Bank 1 of RAM by setting 3rd bit of PSW Using Register 0 of Bank 1 and accumulator perform addition For direct addressing provide the address directly(30 in this case) Use the address and Accumulator to perform addition Verify the results. APPARATUS REQUIRED:   8051 Interfacing board power supply ALGORITHM: For Bit addressing.Experiment No: RAM ADDRESING Date AIM: To exhibit the RAM direct addressing and bit addressing schemes of 8051 microcontroller. .

PROGRAM: Bit Addressing: SETB PSW.#data2 ADD A. .#4500 MOVX @DPTR.#data1 MOV A.#data2 ADD A.30 MOV DPTR.#data1 MOV A.A SJMP HERE HERE: OBSERVATION: Bit Addressing: INPUT : 54 25 OUTPUT: 79(4500) Direct Addressing: INPUT : 54 25 OUTPUT: 79(4500) RESULT: Thus the program to exhibit different RAM addressing schemes of 8051 was executed.A SJMP HERE HERE: Direct Addressing: MOV 30.#4500 MOVX @DPTR.3 MOV R0.R0 MOV DPTR.

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