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Presented by: B.SAI KRISHNA 08591A0408 D.VINOD KUMAR 08591A0424
Under the guidance of
ASSNT PROFFESSOR MR. G.DHANRAJ SIR
y Introduction y Block diagram y Power supply y Zigbee module y Features of AT89S52 y Analog to digital converter y Max232 y Weather sensors y Working y Applications y Advantages y conclusion
3 . To overcome this problem we use wireless device to monitor the parameters so that we can take certain steps even in worst case. The fundamental aim of this project is to develop an embedded system to design a wireless weather monitoring system which enables to monitor the weather parameter in an industry or anywhere by using Zigbee technology and display the parameter on the PC¶s screen using visual basic.Introduction In an industry during certain hazards it will be very difficult to monitor the parameter through wires and analog devices such as transducers.
BLOCK DIAGRAM: Transmitter 4 .
BLOCK DIAGRAM: Receiver POWER SUPPLY ZIGBEE MODULE MAX232 CPU MONITOR 5 .
Power Supply Unit y This is common on both transmitter and receiver side 6 .
4-2003 standard for Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LRWPANs). . and secure 7 networking. The technology defined by the ZigBee specification is intended to be simpler and less expensive than other WPANs. consumer electronics equipment via short-range radio needing low rates of data transfer. such as Bluetooth. electrical meters with in-home-displays. long battery life.15. low-power digital radios based on the IEEE 802. ZigBee is targeted at radio-frequency (RF) applications that require a low data rate. such as wireless light switches with lamps.Zigbee module ZigBee is a specification for a suite of high level communication protocols using small.
Specifications of zigbee It operates over a frequency range of 2.483Ghz Data rate is over 250kbps Transmission range is between 10 and 75 meters (33 and 246 feet) and up to 1500 meters Advantages of zigbee: reliable secure low cost can be used globally 8 .
Fully static operation : 0 to 33mhz. Interrupt recovery from power-down mode. 9 . 32 programmable I/O lines. Eight interrupt sources.Features of AT89S52 Operating range : 4 to 5. Three level program memory lock. Three 16 bit timers counters.5 v. Low power idle and power down modes .
An ADC may also provide an isolated measurement.ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTER An analog-to-digital converter (abbreviated ADC. A/D or A to D) is a device that converts a continuous quantity to a discrete time digital representation. A successive approximation ADC is a type of analog-todigital converter that converts a analog signal to digital signal by using successive approximation method. 10 . Here we use an successive approximation A/D.
11 .MAX 232 The MAX232 is an integrated circuit that converts signals from an RS-232 serial port to signals suitable for use in TTL compatible digital logic circuits.
whose output voltage is linearly proportional to the Celsius (Centigrade) temperature. 12 .1rC in still air.Weather sensors LM35: The LM35 series are precision integrated-circuit temperature sensors. it has very low self-heating. less than 0. LM35 draws only 60 µA from its supply.
13 .LIGHT DEPENDENT RESISTOR: Light dependent resistor (LDR) is a resistor whose resistance decreases with increasing incident light intensity.
y Here we monitor light intensity and temperature with the help of respective sensors.Working: y The system contains two parts one is transmitter part and the other one is receiver part. y The data from the sensors are collected by the Microcontroller from the sensors and the data is transmitted to the receiver section through Zigbee module. y The transmitter part consists of weather sensors. y The receiver part consists of a PC interfaced with Zigbee through PC serial port. 14 . y All the parameters are viewed in the system with the help of HyperTerminal option in the receiver side. microcontroller and zigbee.
7805 Three terminal voltage regulator is used for voltage regulation.1A power supply. This project uses regulated 5V. 15 . Bridge type full wave rectifier is used to rectify the AC output of 230/12V Step down transformer.
Applications y Weather Reporting System y Industrial Applications y Home awareness. power sensors 16 .water sensors .
ADVANTAGES Weather can be monitored from remote place. 17 . Detection of temperature conditions will help us to avoid damages.
It lead to the cheap wireless technology. so that it can be widely used for low rate data transfer. 18 .Future scope The zigbee technology can be widely used for home and industrial automation.
Working of zigbee module is studied and interfacing of zigbee to AT89S52 is done for application development. Hence in this project we can monitor light intensity and temperature. 19 .Conclusion The zigbee based wireless weather station monitoring system is used to study parameters such as light intensity and temperature at different places by using zigbee transmitter and zigbee receiver.
apx www.asp 20 .embedded technology series .sensornetworks. Janice Mazidi.zigbee.microcontroller.com/news/atmel_microcontroll ers_avr. 2nd Edition by Muhammad Ali Mazidi.org/index. Rolin McKinlay www.References Hands-On ZigBee by Fred Eady.php?page=0823123150 www. The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems.org/about/aboutalliance/thealliance.
Thank you«! 22 .