PACIFIC Exchange Rate Service

http://fx.sauder.ubc.ca

Foreign Currency Units per 1 U.S. Dollar, 1948-2009
British
Pounds

French
Francs

Canadian
Dollars

Swiss
Francs

Italian
Lira

Australian
Dollars

DEM

JPY

GBP

FRF

CAD

CHF

ITL

AUD

201.610
314.470
361.099
361.099
361.099
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
360.000
350.565
303.142
271.295
291.811
296.699
296.465
267.672
208.485
218.297
225.823
220.002
248.242
237.445
237.252
236.742
167.483
144.220
128.023
137.632
144.122
134.427
126.534
110.848
102.052
93.490
108.707
120.814
130.316
113.947
107.739
121.421
125.169
115.730
108.128
110.001
116.269
117.646
103.095
93.454

0.24814
0.26864
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.35714
0.36145
0.41667
0.41667
0.41667
0.41078
0.39971
0.40780
0.42753
0.45008
0.55365
0.57290
0.52097
0.47135
0.42987
0.49312
0.57126
0.65920
0.74832
0.77141
0.68166
0.61017
0.56137
0.60987
0.56032
0.56517
0.56641
0.66577
0.65291
0.63352
0.64031
0.61061
0.60372
0.61796
0.65958
0.69446
0.66611
0.61186
0.54591
0.54933
0.54270
0.49958
0.53960
0.63919

541.56
571.59
624.61
625.00
625.00
625.00
625.00
625.00
625.00
625.00
624.74
621.09
624.02
625.00
625.00
625.00
625.00
625.00
625.00
625.00
625.00
625.00
625.00
620.28
583.21
582.75
651.86
652.10
829.02
882.48
848.30
830.62
854.83
1129.20
1348.47
1513.24
1751.32
1902.65
1485.33
1294.64
1298.56
1371.12
1195.81
1236.22
1226.49
1570.76
1610.88
1627.98
1542.56
1701.05
1733.90
1814.99
2095.48
2161.93
2050.22
1712.26
1557.36
1554.30
1542.05
1412.68
1315.66
1390.20

0.62263
0.68074
0.89626
0.89658
0.89835
0.89238
0.89366
0.89924
0.89783
0.89855
0.89332
0.89366
0.89401
0.89568
0.89396
0.89644
0.89898
0.89773
0.89867
0.89887
0.89886
0.90008
0.89795
0.88019
0.83869
0.70350
0.69553
0.76322
0.81622
0.90168
0.87357
0.89450
0.87757
0.87009
0.98291
1.10818
1.13692
1.42694
1.49059
1.42682
1.27516
1.26179
1.27993
1.28354
1.35999
1.47034
1.36673
1.34862
1.27723
1.34397
1.58881
1.54959
1.71719
1.93186
1.83856
1.53402
1.35763
1.30917
1.32740
1.19252
1.16923
1.26374

3.3330
4.2000
4.1950
4.1950
4.1950
4.2000
4.2000
4.2000
4.2000
4.2000
4.2000
4.2000
4.2000
4.0320
4.0000
4.0000
4.0000
4.0000
4.0000
4.0000
4.0000
3.9390
3.6600
3.5029
3.1885
2.6493
2.5863
2.4543
2.5160
2.3198
2.0044
1.8314
1.8145
2.2511
2.4237
2.5474
2.8362
2.9197
2.1619
1.7945
1.7526
1.8775
1.6117
1.6531
1.5577
1.6523
1.6190
1.4315
1.5042
1.7317
1.7571
1.8333
2.1166
2.1838
2.0709
1.7296
1.5731
1.5700
1.5576
1.4269
1.3290
1.4042

c

3.0881
3.3196
3.4968
3.4996
3.4997
3.4996
3.4997
3.4997
3.4979
3.5998
4.1974
4.9371
4.9371
4.9371
4.9371
4.9371
4.9371
4.9371
4.9371
4.9371
4.9371
5.1767
5.5542
5.5402
5.0441
4.4374
4.8063
4.2827
4.7950
4.9044
4.5045
4.2522
4.2197
5.4033
6.5354
7.5847
8.7118
8.9107
6.9123
6.0036
5.9441
6.3725
5.4308
5.6210
5.2809
5.6569
5.5408
4.9871
5.1143
5.8291
5.8911
6.1487
7.0989
7.3240
6.9456
5.8007
5.2759
5.2656
5.2240
4.7858
4.4571
4.7096

1.0030
1.0250
1.0890
1.0530
0.9790
0.9830
0.9730
0.9860
0.9840
0.9588
0.9706
0.9590
0.9696
1.0126
1.0686
1.0785
1.0786
1.0780
1.0773
1.0787
1.0774
1.0768
1.0443
1.0098
0.9898
1.0001
0.9779
1.0170
0.9858
1.0627
1.1401
1.1712
1.1691
1.1988
1.2333
1.2324
1.2946
1.3652
1.3894
1.3258
1.2301
1.1839
1.1666
1.1456
1.2077
1.2894
1.3653
1.3720
1.3634
1.3843
1.4818
1.4857
1.4845
1.5483
1.5690
1.3970
1.2987
1.2110
1.1341
1.0693
1.0606
1.1378

4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.3729
4.1265
3.8188
3.1502
2.9682
2.5787
2.4986
2.3945
1.7751
1.6619
1.6735
1.9565
2.0233
2.0969
2.3413
2.4320
1.7882
1.4877
1.4590
1.6339
1.3825
1.4279
1.4011
1.4768
1.3640
1.1804
1.2346
1.4504
1.4472
1.5001
1.6867
1.6858
1.5534
1.3455
1.2420
1.2430
1.2530
1.1991
1.0777
1.0830

euro-based pseudo rate

Japanese
Yen

euro-based pseudo rate

1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009

euro-based pseudo rate

Year

German
Marks

© 2009 by Prof. Werner Antweiler, University of British Columbia. All rights reserved. Sources: IMF, World Bank, OECD, Own.

2000 3.8796 27.459 64.477 66. World Bank.sauder.370 50.9320 7.826 133.3639 14.3057 9.674 38.9984 6.1205 6.071 34.7809 8.152 38.1429 7.020 126.750 28.9071 6.1732 5.750 28.000 70.1843 4.030 61.1429 7.410 28.393 113.1172 10.1429 7.2000 3.950 38.837 38.1429 7.927 109.750 28.3611 12.2000 3.889 36.431 27.1950 6.6580 2.3785 17.000 50.053 24.2466 6.3349 6.261 78.5644 5.5063 5.4346 6.3616 4.2578 8.9880 7.9101 6.7712 3.9489 6.3217 13.000 70.000 50.380 39.000 50.ca Foreign Currency Units per 1 U.1732 5.0382 17.9412 5.1312 10.000 50.583 126.382 32.9071 6.750 28.7822 4.1429 7.9071 6.2578 4.5524 7.3284 10.933 159.5077 6.3580 24.3000 2.8313 6.124 149.5000 7.0000 26.4331 4.439 170.650 39.0321 5.522 91.622 103.7067 8.016 32.723 70.9071 6.1130 3.5754 5.750 28.6293 11.067 185.0428 6.7342 6.942 4.5124 14.489 30.903 50.4071 5.9672 8.000 50.5648 7.1729 6.2956 5.0458 10.1732 5.8642 4.0000 26.6224 12.750 28.750 28.828 45.000 50.4590 6.7331 6.5000 7.626 139.3499 9.4025 4.394 25.3100 2.136 133.5170 7.750 28.200 165.8159 4.5247 5.1732 5.0000 26.0000 26.2997 6.0658 6.246 37.1732 5.1732 5.4141 26.000 50.2590 5.0000 26.0471 6.9071 6.650 39.950 38.3370 5.000 50.014 38.000 50.2000 3.540 35.065 28.9071 6.2000 4.672 145.0701 10.2000 3.059 134.499 140.3897 6.1732 5.1429 7.0643 4.5000 7.127 29.0676 11.1732 5.095 71.0537 6.1732 5.963 1.000 50.6549 17.750 28.9529 7.3671 6.950 41.7177 7.664 157.297 118.0000 26.353 33. .5954 5.9587 10.6273 7.4400 6.1732 5.7452 5.5940 3.956 57.7272 4.1978 7.3600 1.4606 5.2000 3.281 36.1732 5.351 27.7728 4.1732 5.2126 11.1429 7.000 50.000 50.3379 4.510 121.446 32.4496 7.1429 7.0000 26. University of British Columbia.1429 7.000 49.4689 4.4435 5.4538 5.1732 5.000 50.220 149.750 28.3000 2. 1948-2009 Norwegian Kroner Spanish Pesetas Swedish Krona Portuguese Escudo Year ATS BEF DKK FIM NOK ESP SEK PTE 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 10. Own.8984 14.000 60.ubc. All rights reserved.0000 24.563 132.1842 5.949 35.0250 4.017 44.3472 5.750 28.673 32.7652 7.1110 6.0270 6.0629 4.5177 15.2217 7.325 142.3580 21.1429 7.3407 11.664 146.0850 5.400 39.2910 19.6307 10.1732 5.9850 5.000 60.704 160.7071 7.2000 4.1429 7.925 216.5701 12.305 29.3000 2.7077 5.750 28.789 143.344 169.3493 12.0732 5.0000 26.614 146.214 175.3715 6.1037 7.3538 4.000 60.1429 7.000 60.748 124.5627 6.232 101.915 26.657 45.7510 6.989 154.2124 5.964 180.5733 6.9365 5.2272 5.0000 26.963 45.000 50.481 37.3040 4.0580 7.9630 11.0000 26.7043 7.2000 3.PACIFIC Exchange Rate Service http://fx.000 50.3373 7.0904 8.9071 6.9071 6.750 28.462 3.443 29.750 28.8686 17.224 143.199 36.4739 3.9230 16.592 133.245 41.1732 5.3158 7.547 33.000 60.317 142.9170 15.4248 6.6723 3.802 48.2012 4.259 58.6387 6.0000 26.930 44.056 119.4360 5.9071 6.1429 7.1146 19.0675 7.9071 6.1942 4.324 34.2000 3.3000 2.9960 21.4164 7.8154 3.1429 7.429 67.6907 6.1429 7.1732 5.446 30.7352 4.1429 7.185 155.1732 5.9071 6.000 50. Sources: IMF.1429 7.620 58.1732 5.8928 3.2000 4.750 28.9071 6.0000 26.967 223.1250 4.5878 5.1429 7.459 50.4491 7.6091 24.4985 13.0400 4.0000 26.8917 15.1683 11.000 50.5917 5.2689 4.200 57.3307 6.2000 3.1626 5.7298 6.9631 23.000 69.019 179.3466 c euro-based pseudo rate 43.8460 5.545 102.1290 8.3890 4.0014 5.7990 5.250 160.5078 7.5958 6.0200 11.9071 6.7622 4.281 177.1429 7.800 39.2009 12.1414 4.059 43.2911 8.824 31.0000 26.0204 6.178 147.7970 6.1211 6. OECD.000 60.643 150.689 39.846 212.800 75.2671 euro-based pseudo rate Finnish Markka euro-based pseudo rate Danish Kroner euro-based pseudo rate Belgian Francs euro-based pseudo rate Austrian Schillings © 2009 by Prof.650 38.750 28.999 49.6930 5.S.750 28.2368 5.3961 10.6605 8.9866 5.2854 4.7938 5.160 116.3578 4.1429 7.723 36.7954 8.843 187. Werner Antweiler.445 25.9071 6.9628 5.3217 5.0000 26.1463 3.1728 5.1732 5.0325 6.5435 7.379 108.777 176.5190 8.9071 6.8697 6.750 28.3000 2.9473 8.4736 6.000 60.2608 9.000 50.5823 12.8996 6.2848 3.0393 9.714 35.9217 19.4370 18.0589 8.3118 9.9071 6.1429 7.0307 4.7920 7.6278 7.411 60.374 29.9428 20.000 50.813 43.0000 26.1876 12.287 161.750 28. Dollar.676 57.1732 5.233 76.210 144.750 28.3000 2.041 42.750 28.000 50.682 160.7241 6.9071 6.5145 4.269 136.697 123.1165 6.

7619 4.3385 18.7619 4.400 20.4472 7.3737 32.0743 51.4358 2.71742 1.72231 0.9000 3.3085 3.7143 5.9000 9.800 20.7518 3.0502 2.9000 3.7868 7.3546 12.874 18.1821 48.050 21.02 235.4062 5.7619 4.7266 1.0612 3.4073 7.7237 1.0612 3.7421 7.7319 24.946 41.7999 7.0977 8.830 20.72868 2.6801 3. Own. Sources: IMF.1048 2.7619 4.1744 2.800 20.40 294.5000 7.7143 5.1373 2.7420 1.0000 2.3605 3.06 7787.7356 7.95 391.7619 4.7619 4.750 20.4172 1.9267 16. Dollar.71917 0.1245 7.5200 7.0501 44.73449 0.83668 0.0612 3.0612 3.0612 3.3085 3.4955 9.7060 23.3502 8.67518 1.7776 7.4508 10.7619 4.6720 1.2965 25.170 21.379 20.7987 7.0612 3.0390 55.4926 27.271 34.7619 4.319 25.9590 13.637 20.4927 22. .0000 2.2393 48.43 9158.88840 2.9000 9.7619 4.0000 2.0000 2.293 25.0612 3.94 414.4708 2.7619 4.3085 3.339 21.71 625.619 22.2410 7.9000 5.6719 4.7143 5.00373 1.265 © 2009 by Prof.94 414.7619 4.7143 5.3688 235.7619 4.0612 3.6602 4.7619 4.0273 15.7371 8.9598 8.55087 0.2025 43.5815 7.4317 6.13 891.1403 2.800 20.565 25.6900 1.sauder.7619 4.0612 3.3596 53.7619 4.7406 7.7455 6.2724 2.2469 59.913 25.S.0303 4.400 20.3669 2.3983 17.4531 20.5197 61.3698 20.7917 13.5901 21.7287 7.7574 7.0612 3.148 24.5054 21.7619 4.000 23.5990 35.7143 5.71724 0.7143 5.0000 2.ubc.71913 0.02 159.0120 1.0000 2.5647 45.7456 7.182 21.97763 1.57065 0.7507 58.800 20.5436 10.72369 0.3085 3.3144 12.8008 39.0000 2.0535 44.7999 7.1418 5.1987 17.49516 1.0612 3.6117 12.72129 0.9748 5.7619 6.7619 4.734 25.50 1248.5000 7.0504 7.2894 46.0000 2.1269 2.84931 1.182 40.5885 1.71727 0.9853 9.35847 1.1637 27.0630 43.7461 57.9000 11.85830 1.7619 4.72017 0.9000 9.0000 2.1862 56.1131 14.8060 7.7619 4.9092 3.9951 40.71861 0.4198 36.7143 5.90870 1.0000 2.0612 3.7910 1.7143 5.9100 3.43 2248.7350 8.6795 4.67096 1.0612 3.0606 6.6714 6.4132 1.6813 2.31 1643.7358 7.7619 4.68436 1.77 2087.52 10201.0612 3.71818 0.7143 5.7982 7.1476 47.50823 1.9000 9.00 2160.85 10324.561 27.3048 44.37731 2.9104 3.4100 1.7619 4.2638 60.43 9138.9000 3.3632 35.45427 1. Werner Antweiler.7619 7.780 20.0612 3.9501 1.7378 69.7225 26.82 8927.9036 4.9000 9.50 2.800 20.7143 5.449 40.81 663.72667 1.71667 0.6156 1.8760 16.94 414.71693 0.86338 1.336 20.89526 0.9000 9.7856 7.4487 2.0200 3.68860 1.4813 1.7619 4.3869 7.800 20.8179 7.95 2029.290 25.7711 7.7900 1.82259 1.PACIFIC Exchange Rate Service http://fx.94 433.89672 0.84 1685.9069 47.73 1110.7677 7.6042 20.0612 3.3544 31.31 8580.1988 2.9702 4.556 18.94 414.800 20.8013 7.0533 7.4693 25.7882 7.5167 60.8034 7.0612 3.66 2347.85 9694.8781 59.476 21.3561 25.6296 1.800 20.13 8356. OECD.00642 1.71410 0.7882 7.7561 25.4389 2.922 37.7619 4.7619 4.89340 0.5682 54.0606 5.7416 6.6641 1.988 44.9012 30.7563 6.39 1770.8855 16.1887 8.72087 0.7619 4.399 25.1771 2.72113 0.3085 3.0606 6.148 26.133 21.6486 81.69 9285.10 325.2739 43.700 25.8610 8.3817 7.0000 2.03004 0.6715 3.3085 3.08 414.35 9630.5760 6.991 21.9544 51.0583 26.50601 1.0098 30.1133 2.72155 0.ca Foreign Currency Units per 1 U.0930 21. University of British Columbia.852 34.5000 7.3085 3.189 37.18640 2.9141 4.02647 1.5064 1.52337 1.787 39.33004 1.94 414.6335 17.9000 9.0612 3.41973 1.7143 5.7143 5.000 23.0262 49.3085 3.058 20.2157 28.5000 7.89 632.52 626.8120 2.7619 4.0612 3.7143 5.419 20.0000 2.7619 4.9437 50.4918 7.7619 4.375 20.1091 2.800 20.2879 41.1325 2.72254 0.9996 4.96361 0.7619 4.8103 1. 1948-2009 Year 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Hong Kong Dollars Indian Rupees Indonesian Rupiah New Zealand Dollars Pakistani Rupees Philippines Pesos Singapore Dollars Thai Baht HKD INR IDR NZD PKR PHP SGD THB 0.880 20.03 9623.39943 1.412 42.228 21.504 33.15414 1.0787 28.7143 5.0612 3.73777 0.7143 5.7143 5.7907 7.515 25.0863 45.53965 1.6372 9.485 20.57633 3.33 1025.14948 1.9317 4.72333 0.2935 41.9658 41.769 23.6947 1.6263 46.2251 7.6370 5.87598 0.201 40.342 30.9062 8.7619 4.0955 11.17 1844.0634 45.5260 1.7897 7. World Bank.5653 31.9750 5. All rights reserved.9923 20.95 365.7143 5.45 1949.7912 7.0612 3.52447 1.73 2773.7343 7.0150 2.

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