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x = x - 3 σ If sample size is given to you then σ = σ /square root of sample size UCLR = D4 * R LCLR = D3 * R , where D4 and D3 are +/- 3 σ Or as accurate as: UCLR = R +3 σ (of the range), LCLR = R -3 σ (of the range) Control Charts for Attributes: defects: UCLp = p + 3

p(1 − p) n p(1 − p) n

LCLp = p − 3 defectives: where c =

mean number defective in the sample

UCLc = c bar + 3 Square root of c bar and LCLc = c bar - 3 square root of cbar

1.

2.

The defect rate for a product has historically been about 1.6%. What are the upper and lower control chart limits for a p-chart, if you wish to use a sample size of 100 and 3-sigma limits? A small, independent amusement park collects data on the number of cars with out-Standarof-state license plates. The sample size is fixed at n=25 each day. Data from the previous 10 days indicate the following number of out-of-state license plates:

9 34. calculate the LCL and UCL for these data.3 McDaniel Shipyards wants to develop control charts to assess the quality of its steel plate. 33. Each sheet is 20' by 100'.4 0.3 0. They take ten sheets of 1" steel plate and compute the number of cosmetic flaws on each roll. 4. (b) Using ± 3σ limits. develop limits for the control chart.4 0.4 1. calculate the 3-sigma control limits. 5.Day 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Out-of-state Plates 6 4 5 7 8 3 4 5 3 11 (a) Calculate the overall proportion of "tourists" (cars with out-of-state plates) and the standard deviation of proportions.2 34. Based on the following data. plot the control . a sample size of 16 will be used. and n = 9.5 0.2 34. Based on the following data.8 0. (c) Is the process under control? Explain.8 34.6 34.3 33. Calculate the standard deviation of the sampling distribution. 3. If x = 9 ounces.5 ounces.1 34. They take ten samples of six boxes each and weigh them.7 0. For the variable control chart.4 0. Cartons of Plaster of Paris are supposed to weigh exactly 32 oz.1 0. σ = 0.7 34.1 34. Inspectors want to develop process control charts. compute the lower and upper control limits and determine whether the process is in control.3 0. Sample Mean Range 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6. The mean and standard deviations for a process are x = 90 and σ = 9.

Which type of control chart would you recommend? And what is upper and lower control limits within 2 standard deviation? 8.5 ounces. and n = 9. A nationwide parcel delivery service keeps track of the number of late deliveries (more than 30 minutes past the time promised to clients) per day.chart. . Calculate the standard deviation of the sampling distribution. The mean and standard deviations for a process are x = 90 and σ = 9. They plan on using a control chart to plot their results. The average is 9 per day. a sample size of 16 will be used. 9. Sheet 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Number of flaws 1 1 2 0 1 5 0 2 0 2 7. and determine whether the process is in control. calculate the 3-sigma control limits. For the variable control chart. If x = 9 ounces. σ = 0.

(c) Is this process in control? . He knows from past experience that the process standard deviation is two ounces. The data from that activity appears below. A quality analyst wants to construct a sample mean chart for controlling a packaging process. Each day last week. (b) Calculate upper and lower control limits that allow ± 2σ for natural variations. he randomly selected four packages and weighed each.10. Day Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Package 1 23 23 20 18 18 Weight Package 2 Package 3 22 23 21 19 19 20 19 20 20 22 Package 4 24 21 21 19 20 (a) Calculate all sample means and the mean of all sample means.

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