This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Presented by: NAUSHEEN FATIMA M.Arch Medical Architecture
ABOUT THE STUDY
This study will illustrate one example of how an architect can use Energy
Plus to design a net-zero energy building on paper.
First architect begin with energy saving strategies within his control:
layout, orientation, solar shading, building materials, glazing, and day
After minimizing energy usage, architet use E+ to calculate the area of photovoltaic panels required to reach net-zero energy and other
energy saving strategies requirements.
Introduction To Energy Building And Energy Modeling Needs 0 .
Energy consumed in-buildings accounts for 40% of the energy used worldwide. The grid is used to supply electrical power when there is no renewable power available. and this reduced demand is met on an annual basis from a renewable-energy supply. and the measures and changes in the building can yield substantial savings in energy consumption. • • . This ‘two-way’ flow should result in a net-positive or zero export of power from the building to the grid. and the building will export power back to the grid when it has excess power generation.• A Non Zero Energy Building (NZEB) refers to a building with a zero or negative net energy consumption over a typical year • In general It implies that the energy demand for heating and electrical power is reduced.
But With the introduction of Energy Plus (E+).• The NZEB/PEB design concept is a progression from passive sustainable design • Zero-energy or even positive-energy buildings are becoming a high priority for multi-disciplinary researchers and have been recently discussed by energy policy experts: as on April 23. and other energy simulation soft wares it is possible for Architects to create Energy Models to test their ideas and build data to support their arguments. Open Studio. 2009). 2009 the EU Parliament has requested that by 2019 all new buildings to conform to zero-energy and emission standards (European Parliament. . • Architects can speak qualitatively about their ideas but cannot present quantitative data to support their arguments.
e.. Incorporation of high efficiency heating and cooling equipment. hybrid systems. phase change materials. Use of renewables (solar thermal systems. • • • • • • • Use of “intelligent” energy management. .e. etc. cooling materials. i. etc. increase of thermal mass. advanced sensors. buildings’ integrated photovolatics. improvement of insulation. Pumps combined with geothermal energy or solar collectors. etc. energy control (zone heating and cooling) and monitoring systems.VARIOUS STRATEGIES • Improvement of the building fabric. solar air-conditioning. i.). Innovative shading devices.
• Buildings are complex systems and detailed simulation is needed to take into account the actual climate data. internal gains. manual shading). building physics. actuators. towards a zero or positive energy approach. energy-generation systems. geometries. • • Sensors.and positive-energy buildings (NZEB/PEB) are: • Thermal simulation models. natural ventilation. HVAC-systems. and user interfaces Integrated control and optimization tools . user behavior (occupancy. etc. that are accurate representations of the building and its subsystems. Essential ingredients for the successful development and operation of net zero.
NZEB/PEB performance is measured and evaluated using various indicators : – net primary energy consumption – net energy costs – carbon emissions .
• ENEP= 0 . in case of positive energy building . in case of zero energy building • ENEP > 0 .Net Energy Produced (ENEP) • Net energy produced is the energy available from renewable sources over a period of time after subtraction of the energy required for the building operation over the same period.
influence of prevailing weather conditions on the thermal behavior of the building. . unpredictable user actions that adversely affect energy efficiency such as • • • • unnecessary operation of the lighting or the HVAC systems.• Calculation and maximization of the NEP is almost exclusively used in the design and pre-implementation phases of current PEB/NZEB projects. there are a number of parameters that cannot be a prior ascertain and differ during operational conditions. opening and closing of windows. setting of the setback temperature too high or too low. Nevertheless.
In real-time operation of a NZEB. a coupling mechanism of the energy production and energy requirements can yield significant benefits since: • The energy production installation may not be extremely oversized to cover the building’s energy and indoor environmental quality requirements and therefore the initial investment costs may be decreased. i.e. . MPPT (maximum power point tracking). • Extreme weather conditions can be met on a yearly basis with suitable control actions. • The extra energy produced in a specific period may either be used for storage and coverage of the peak demand in the proceeding period or can be injected into the grid under specific conditions. • The energy production can be maximized by suitable decisions.
This is most dramatic when applied to the type ‘I' Bar Building . the overall energy usage increased by 11. type 'O' is not an ideal building type to use with many sustainable strategies. it does possess qualities that enable it to benefit from sustainable strategies such as access to natural light and a large South elevation that can employ solar shading to control heat gain. Solar orientation has a substantial impact on energy usage for directional buildings. Type I: the type 'I' building does not appear to be energy efficient in this initial study. TYPE O: With its limited access to natural light. With no sustainable strategy employed. When the North-South facing bar building was rotated 90 deg. to face East-West .5% • • • • .LAYOUT & BASELINE ENERGY USAGE • Layout And Orientation : starting points of an energy efficient design and elements used to determine the baseline of any building typology.
42 18.07 292.81 369.46 18.BASELINE ENERGY USAGE ENERGY USE (MJ/m2) COOLING (MJ/m2) HEATING (MJ/m2) LIGHTING (MJ/m2) Type 'O' 10 HVAC Zones Type 'I' Baseline Bar Building 8 HVAC Zones. Facing North & South Type 'I' Bar Building Facing East and West 318.18 244.81 417.29 203.85 8.81 .63 105.95 105.80 105.
SOLAR SHADING • • • Energyplus Model Of Type 'I' Building With Sunshades . shading is an effective strategy for reducing energy usage. This study uses as its baseline model a building with standard office glazing: ribbon windows with 30" sill height and 9' head height all around the building. Energy Plus can help a designer calculate the most effective sunshade configuration.049) and 13mm aargon filled air space. Exterior windows used in the model are double glazed insulated windows with 6mm green tinted glass (SHGC= .• In warm and temperate climates.
79 105. Model (C1) utilizes only 30" deep sunshades along its South elevation.40 HEATING (MJ/m2) 18.81 105.42 192.58 313. reducing East & West window size (C3) outperforms sunshades. Shading the South elevation improves the building's energy efficiency by 13%.81 369.38 LIGHTING (MJ/m2) 105. Overall. Horizontal sun shades are only partially effective when used on the East & West elevations.18 319. East.90 21. Bar Building (C1) South Sunshades (C2) Sunshades: south.50 21.81 Table C compares the E+ results of three shading strategies to the baseline building (BI).95 21. & West (C3) South Sunshades 50% Smaller Windows East & West • COOLING (MJ/m2) 244. this study shows that an effective shading strategy can improve energy performance by 15% .81 105. Model (C2) employs 30" deep sunshades on the East & West elevations and model (C3) uses no sunshades but reduces the size of East & West windows by 50%.86 184.ENERGY USAGE OF VARIOUS SHADING STRATEGIES ENERGY USE (MJ/m2) Baseline.57 312. Model (C2) and (C3) illustrate two different strategies for shading the East and West elevations.11 185. The low sun angles of the morning and late afternoon sun make it all but impossible for horizontal shading devices to block out heat gain and glare. In this study.
Sample modeling .
Or Design Builder To built building geometry for energy plus .Chosen software to demonstrate 0 energy modeling • EnergyPlus (E+) is an energy simulation software developed by the Department of Energy to help design professionals calculate the energy usage of buildings. AND OpenStudio is a free plug-in for Google Sketch up 3D modeling software that allows designers to build building geometry for EnergyPlus.
I . J.F/O Architecture And Ekistics.Building selected for modeling • Construction Yard.M.
Step 1.collecting necessary architectural drawings A typical floor plan .
Step 2.simplification of plans .
Step 3-Saving the dxf format for DB .
Step3-Importing in DB .
Final Design Builder Model .
Exporting to Energy plus for model simulation .
Video showing the steps involved .
Energy plus simulation Simulation run window Energy plus launch window .
Result HTML .
Result HTML .
Electric End Uses Of The Current Building Situation .
INSTALLING PHOTO VOLTAIC PANELS .
COPYING PANELS FROM THE EXAMPLE FILE OF PV GENERATORS OF ENERGY PLUS .
RESULTS AFTER INSTALLATION OF PV PANELS Negative electricity indicates a positive energy building or zero energy building .
Importing The IDF File To Sketch Up Open GL For Scaling Of PV Panel IDF Import .
PV panel .
Scaling Of The Panel To Get Desired Electric Load Scaling .
Area Of Panel For Installation .
Various other strategies can also be installed accordingly .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.