# Reference

Calculation

Output

Column Interaction Diagram
y My
b

200

kN/mm2

=

25

N/mm2

=

460

γm-s

=

1.15

γm-c

=

1.5

Es

=

fcu
fy

a2

As2

Mx
h

x

N/mm2

x

As1

a1

y

φAs1

16

No of Bars

2

φAs2

16

No of Bars

2

Cover- C1

30

Cover- C2

30

mm
mm

φAs1

16

No of Bars

2

mm
mm

φAs2

16

No of Bars

2

mm

Cover- C1

30

mm

mm

Cover- C2

30

mm

b

=

225

mm

b

=

225

mm

h

=

225

mm

h

=

225

mm

Mx

=

20

kN.m

My

=

20

kN.m

N

250
3000

kN
mm

N

lox

=
=

loy

=
=

250
3000

βx

=

1.2

βy

=

1.2

Braced

=

0

--

Unbraced

=

1

Unbraced

kN
mm

Place 1 to relevent one for following
Braced

=

0

--

Unbraced

=

1

Unbraced

Biaxial Bending
N / Nuz
αn

0.282

(Mx/Mux)

0.721

(My/Muy)

0.721

(Mx/Mux)αn+(My/Muy)αn

1.379

>

1

not ok

(Mx/Mux)+(My/Muy)+(N/Nuz)

1.724

>

1

not ok

1.14

Increase Column Size,Reinforcement
Goal seek
Set following value of axial force to

250 kN by changing the cell here

Do not Change Axial Force

Minor Axis

Major Axis

Minor Axis

250.00

250.00

110.56

110.56

DESIGN UNIT

D
E C

EPC DIVISION
C

Change following Cell

Major Axis

=

6

mm

As1

=

402.1

mm2

As1

=

402.1

mm2

As2

=

402.1

mm2

As2

=

402.1

mm2

a1

=

44

mm

a1

=

44

mm

a2

=

44

mm

a2

=

44

mm

Doc. No.
Designed
Checked
Job Code

Date
Date
Page

04 75.8 254.97 0.002 0.00 mm M/ N M N/ bhfcu bh fcu 887 0.8 -379 -2.006 0.001 0.10 -42.00 762 10.9 0.51 0.0 0.011 0.88 = (-)E.8 305.As = fs2.29 0.78 0.9 160.95 0.20 -0.5 22.5 157.38 0.0 160.000 45 45 50.0012 0.25 b = E.001 67.07 29.b = 2261.78 0.fcu.00 3600.15 0.0 152.07 0.39 0.001 0.46 0.8 160.003 225 225 649 18.0 0 24.004 0.5 2 Fs1 Fs2 Fc εs1 εs2 92.5 187 35.76 0.5 6.30 -0.79 160.000 0.00 0.8 356.As1 = 120637.128 au = 28.57 0.85 508.003 180 180 475 28.09 x y α 225 270 225 247.9 160.5 -0.2 kN m ley = βa = 0. Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page .07 -160.m Mx = 20 N lox = = 250 3000 βx = 1.003 22.56 0.002 112.01 kN Nbal = 260.As2-fs1.08 -1.0035) x a = 0.5 370 33.8 508.5 h = 225 mm fs = 400 N/mm2 Bending about Major Axis Braced = 0 Place 1 to Unbraced = 1 Relevent kN.003 725 12.12 -95.8 -269.05 55.fcu.405.003 157.0029 -53 20.(0.001 0.5 202.-0.b.8 -0.6 160.045.002 90 90 90 30.01 -160.As2.8 407.8 98.3 -0.x εs2 = (x-a2) .20 0.60 0.70 0.3 101.1 -0.6 -0.80 emin = 11.12 -160.0035).Reference Calculation Output Column Interaction Diagram As1 = 402.39 0.5 67. When the fs2 has not resched to maximum tensile strength while the fs1 reaches to its maximum fs.53 0.8 143.002 135 135 254 37.a2.27 0.4 -0.25 Nuz = 887.72 0.11 -160.45 0.59 0.45 kN K = 1.000 0.9 -0.04 745 11.003 202.5 225 Calculation of M at no axial force 1.5 566 23.(0.8 0.5 112.00 0.8 0.9 203.As2 +0.124 mm2 fcu = 25 N/mm2 a1 = 44 mm fy = 460 N/mm2 a2 = 44 mm γm-s = 1.83 -0. No.0035 X can be calculated by solving above second order polinomial DESIGN UNIT D E C EPC DIVISION C Doc.025 -0.8 508.04 0.6 160.001 0.15 b = 225 mm γm-c = 1.8 457.124 mm2 Es = 200 kN/mm2 As2 = 402.16 c = -12385414.0 160.13 -160.

20 N/bhfcu = 0.m emin = Construction of Column Capacity Line N M = = 250 27.20 kN.18 mm fs1 = 400 N/mm2 y = 103.46 kN.57 kN Fs1 = Fs2 = 160. No.m 0.002 x εs2 = = Output When .85 kN Fc = 260.m M 27.Reference Calculation When.85 N/mm2 kN εs2 = 0.85 kN 43.2303 kN Balanced failure condition x = 115. Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page .20 kN.00 mm 0.198 M/bh2fcu = 0.096 Length of demand line Length of capacity line Demand Capacity Ratio DESIGN UNIT D E C EPC DIVISION C = = = kN kN.80 Madd = 7.84 kNm Bending about Mojor Axis of Column Bending about Minor Axis of Column Calculation of additional Moment Calculation of additional moment ley/h = 16.81 kN.00 kN Fs1 = Fs2 = 160.45 kN N balance = 260.m Calculation of Maximum N Maximum Value of N = 891. εs2 >=0.04 kN.45 kN M balance = 37.773 Doc.85 kN M1 = 22.28 kN M1 = 24.99 mm 0.219 0.N) = 2.002 Fs2 = 160.002 Fs1 = 160.85 kN 160.002 0.25 mm M (emin.m x εs2 = = 51.284 0.66 mm fs2 = 400 εs1 = 0.00054 Fc = 117.00 Type of Column = Slender Column au = 28.002 Fc = 0. εs2 < 0.m = 11.

14 -0.148 0. No.07 0.00 0.12 0.00 0.125 4.51 0.00 0.00 0.041 -3.07 0.99 0 0.255 0.09 10.21 0 0.246 0.11 8.29 2.00 0.274 0.106 3.00 0.25 3.60 0.78 -0.29 0.00 0.72 kN.00 0.312 3.50 mm Doc.00 0.71 2.07 0.26 0.38 0.72 kN.084 -4.00 0. Designed Checked Job Code DESIGN UNIT D E C EPC DIVISION C Reference Calculation Date Date Page Output .07 0.07 0.59 0.07 0.00 0.218 0.00 kN N = 250.37 2.14 0 0.70 0.32 3.88 2.721 = 400.26 M/bh2fcu = 0.00 0.10 10.72 2.127 0.426 0.28 = 400.07 0.12 For the Section subjected to byaxial bending N Mux = 250.08 12.19 -0.135 0.05 0.00 0.008 3.7 2.08 12.27 2.75 2.117 -5.133 0.41 0 0.257 0.00 kN = 37.17 5.101 -5.75 0 0.97 0 0.00 N/mm2 x εs1 = = 110.07 0.41 0 0.123 2 0.124 0.000 -2.243 0.00 0.20 0.00 -0.07 0.m 0.503 0.135 0.0021 Mx/Mux = 0.27 0 0.30 0.07 0.12 8.00 -0.07 0.073 3.10 9.132 99.99 2.086 Max (x12+y12) = 12.45 0.85 kN Fs1 = 160.066 -3.07 0.Reference Calculation M/ Output M/ N/ bhfcu bh fcu 2 m' c m x1 y1 x12+y12 1/ x12+y12 f N/ bhfcu bh fcu 0.96 0.7 2.27 2.133 6.72 2.291 0.04 0.00 kN M N/bhfcu = 37.368 0.28 0.263 0.279 0.036 -3.00 0.508 0.00 0.00 0.77 0 0.178 0.198 M/bh2fcu = 0.451 0.00 0.00 0.279 0.56 0 0.00 0.85 kN Fc = 250.307 0.57 0.43 12.00 N/mm2 N/Nuz = 0.63 0 0.304 0.046 -2.40 -0.00 0.93 0.m = 0.78 0 0.28 0.09 11.56 mm -0.147 0.10 10.426 Coordinates of Intersection point of Column intreraction diagram and Capacity Line N/bhfcu = 0.07 0.07 0.15 0.30 -0.00 0.81 2.20 -0.00 0.0022 εs2 = fs2 fs1 y Fs2 = = 160.141 0.70 0.57 0.

39 0.0 160.72 0.6 -0.0 152.8 508.124 mm2 fcu = 25 N/mm2 a1 = 44 mm fy = 460 N/mm2 a2 = 44 mm γm-s = 1.07 29.124 mm2 Es = 200 kN/mm2 As2 = 402.9 203.8 143.9 160. When the fs2 has not resched to maximum tensile strength while the fs1 reaches to its maximum fs.8 0.57 0.5 -0.39 0.12 -95.00 m M/ N M N/ bhfcu bh fcu 887 0.20 -0.13 -160.5 6.025 -0.001 0.b = 2261.29 0.04 508.003 225 225 649 18.fcu.27 0.12 -160.4 -0. Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page .09 Fc εs1 εs2 x y α 225 Calculation of M at no axial force 1.001 0.07 0.00 225 745 11.0 0 24.08 -1.405.002 0.70 0.128 au = 28.8 -0.45 kN K = 1.x εs2 = (x-a2) .59 0.8 305.m My = 20 N loy = = 250 3000 βy = 1.6 160.88 = (-)E.25 b = E.6 160.002 90 90 90 30.b.5 370 33.95 0.38 0.80 emin = 11.0012 0.Reference Calculation Output Column Interaction Diagram As1 = 402.46 0.11 -160.3 -0.003 270.011 0.8 254.003 180 180 475 28.5 202.003 22.002 112.04 75.51 0.10 -42.003 202.00 0.01 kN Nbal = 260.8 160.0035).9 160.8 98.As = fs2.8 407.8 -269.00 3600.001 0.006 0.01 -160.97 0.003 157.3 101.83 -0.000 0.002 135 135 254 37.8 457.30 -0.2 kN m ley = βa = 0.56 0.(0.04 0.5 187 35.76 0.001 67.25 Nuz = 887.00 762 10.16 c = -12385414.003 247.As2 +0.004 0.As1 = 120637.15 b = 225 mm γm-c = 1.8 0.5 157.53 0.0 160.fcu.85 -53 20.78 0.05 55.8 -379 -2.0035) x a = 0.07 -160.9 0.000 0.15 0.0 0.a2.5 22.79 160.60 0.As2-fs1. No.45 0.000 45 45 50.5 112.5 2 Fs1 Fs2 92.8 356.001 0.5 225 725 12.8 0.045.As2.20 0.5 67.1 -0.0035 X can be calculated by solving above second order polinomial DESIGN UNIT D E C EPC DIVISION C Doc.00 0.(0.-0.9 -0.5 566 23.8 508.5 h = 225 mm fs = 400 N/mm2 Bending about Major Axis Braced = 0 Place 1 to Unbraced = 1 Relevent kN.

m Calculation of Maximum N Maximum Value of N = 891.096 Length of demand line Length of capacity line Demand Capacity Ratio DESIGN UNIT D E C EPC DIVISION C = = = kN kN.45 kN M balance = 37.284 0. εs2 >=0.99 mm 0.66 mm fs2 = 400 εs1 = 0.00 Type of Column = Slender Column au = 28.198 M/bh2fcu = 0. Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page .N) = 2.002 x εs2 = = 51.m 24.85 kN Fs2 = 160.m = 11.00 kN Fc = 117.85 kN Fc = 260.773 Doc.219 0.00 mm 0.002 Fs1 = 160.m emin = Construction of Column Capacity Line N M = = 250 27.84 kNm Bending about Mojor Axis of Column Bending about Minor Axis of Column Calculation of additional Moment Calculation of additional moment lex/h = 16.20 kN.28 kN M1 = M1 = 22.57 kN Fs1 = Fs1 = Fs2 = 160.85 kN 160.81 kN.46 kN.m M 27.Reference Calculation When.2303 kN Balanced failure condition x = 115.20 kN.80 Madd = 7.m 0.85 N/mm2 kN εs2 = 0.002 Fs2 = 160.25 mm M (emin.00054 Fc = 0.20 N/bhfcu = 0.85 kN 43.04 kN.002 x εs2 = = Output When .45 kN N balance = 260.18 mm fs1 = 400 N/mm2 y = 103.002 0. No. εs2 < 0.

m 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.375 0.78 -0.00 0.72 kN.00 0.312 3.274 0.168 5.00 0.135 0.75 2.127 0.410 0.602 0.148 0.101 -5.135 0.564 0.071 0.00 kN M N/bhfcu 37.27 2.00 0.307 0.093 10.218 0.72 2.746 0.125 4.93 0.080 12.243 1 0.99 2.135 0.00 0.132 99.263 0.147 0.198 Doc.00 0.084 -4.00 0.50 mm kN.00 0.28 0.00 0.201 0. Designed Checked Job Code DESIGN UNIT D E C EPC DIVISION C Reference Calculation Date Date Page Output .117 -5.255 0.141 0.14 -0.036 -3.00 0.081 12.096 10.00 0.008 3.27 2.00 0.70 0.85 kN Fs1 160.257 0. No.00 0.513 0.410 0.147 0.00 0.07 0.00 -0.85 kN Fc 250.00 0.07 0.70 2.447 0.00 kN N 250.627 0.07 0.07 0.81 2.969 0.40 -0.07 0.57 0.00 -0.07 0.993 0.209 0.29 2.96 0.07 0.368 0.00 0.000 -2.26 0.12 For the Section subjected to byaxial bending x εs1 110.72 2.304 0.246 0.00 0.00 0.086 Max (x12+y12) = 12.451 0.299 -0.178 0.041 -3.56 mm -0.116 8.12 0.096 10.05 0.133 0.07 0.43 0.768 0.293 0.00 N/mm2 N/Nuz = 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.105 9.00223 N Muy = 250.721 fs2 400.250 3.m εs2 0.00 0.073 3.26 M/bh2fcu = 0.777 0.88 2.00 N/mm2 y Fs2 160.07 0.085 11.123 2 0.279 0.426 Coordinates of Intersection point of Column intreraction diagram and Capacity Line N/bhfcu = 0.00 kN = 37.114 8.07 0.701 0.291 0.319 3.00 0.70 2.124 0.28 fs1 400.00211 My/Muy = 0.508 0.589 0.00 0.00 0.71 2.Reference Calculation M/ Output M/ N/ bhfcu bh fcu 2 m' c m x1 y1 x12+y12 1/ x12+y12 f N/ bhfcu bh fcu 0.28 0.00 0.19 -0.00 0.00 0.20 -0.272 0.07 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.042 0.72 M/bh2fcu 0.573 0.066 -3.279 0.30 0.07 0.00 0.046 -2.426 12.37 2.106 3.133 6.