Geometry Definition

Geometry Definition In mathematics, there are various branches but the branch which deals with relation of points, properties, relation of lines, angles, surfaces, solids, etc is called as Geometry. Now let’s see definition of geometry; Geometry is a branch of mathematics and in geometry we study about various surfaces like Circle, square, rectangle, parallelogram, cylinder, sphere, cube etc. In geometry, we study about various angles like Acute Angle, right angle, obtuse angle, straight angel, vertical angle etc and in geometry we also learn about various Relations and also learn about points, lines etc. Types of Geometry :Practical geometry :- Geometry originated as a practical science concerned with surveying, measurements, areas, and volumes. Among the notable accomplishments one finds formulas for lengths, areas and volumes, such as Pythagorean theorem, circumference and area of a circle, area of a triangle, volume of a cylinder, sphere, and a pyramid.

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Axiomatic geometry :Euclid took a more abstract approach in his Elements, one of the most influential books ever written. Euclid introduced certain axioms, or postulates, expressing primary or self-evident properties of points, lines, and planes. He proceeded to rigorously deduce other properties by mathematical reasoning. Geometric constructions :Classical geometers paid special attention to constructing geometric objects that had been described in some other way. Classically, the only instruments allowed in geometric constructions are the compass and straightedge. Also, every construction had to be complete in a finite number of steps. However, some problems turned out to be difficult or impossible to solve by these means alone, and ingenious constructions using parabolas and other curves, as well as mechanical devices, were found. Numbers in geometry :In ancient Greece the Pythagoreans considered the role of numbers in geometry. However, the discovery of incommensurable lengths, which contradicted their philosophical views, made them abandon abstract numbers in favor of concrete geometric quantities, such as length and area of figures. Numbers were reintroduced into geometry in the form of coordinates by Descartes, who realized that the study of geometric shapes can be facilitated by their algebraic representation, and whom the Cartesian plane is named after.

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Geometry of position :Even in ancient times, geometers considered questions of relative position or spatial relationship of geometric figures and shapes. Some examples are given by inscribed and circumscribed circles of polygons, lines intersecting and tangent to conic sections, the Pappus and Menelaus configurations of points and lines. If we go in depth of geometry definition then we see that it also deals with measurement and measurements are like millimeter, centimeter, inches, meter, kilometer, etc. In geometry, we have two dimensional and three dimensional figures are present which we have to study and solve them by applying various theorems on them. In this branch of Math, we have some Basic Terms like line, points, plane and space. If we join two points straight then it is called as line. In this, we use some primitives and some undefined terms as Euclid not defined all the terms so we use some postulates to define them. So this is definition geometry and by above discussion we can easily understand the meaning of geometry.

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