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PIERS Proceedings, Suzhou, China, September 12–16, 2011

Dual-band Microstrip Antenna Array with EBG Structures
Jian-Jian Gu and Ying Wang School of Electronics and Information, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China

Abstract— In this paper, a novel dual-band microstrip antenna array with electromagnetic
band gap (EBG) structures is presented. The ring-type EBG structures between the two radiating patches help to separate the feed lines for the two bands, thus the two patches could operate individually at their particular frequencies, simultaneously. 1. INTRODUCTION

As we know, dual band antenna can be used to transmit and receive signals simultaneously for wireless communication systems. Various multiband antennas have been reported recently [1–3]. However, when two radiating patches working at different frequencies, the mutual coupling between the two patches leads to degradation of the performance of the antennas. Thus thse two radiating element should be seperated electrically, while keeping the size of the antenna arrays as small as possible [4]. In [4], a single-port dual-band microstrip antenna array with EBGs is reported. EBG structures operate like a band rejecter, separating the branch of feed lines feeding two different groups of arrays of patch antennas. Different kinds of EBG structures are discussed also in [4]. In this paper, a novel EBG structure has been adopted between the 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz radiating elements for better mutual coupling reduction.
2. PRELIMINARY STRUCTURE OF THE ANTENNA ARRAY

The preliminary geometry of the antenna array is shown in Fig. 1. The dielectric substrate is with a relative permittivity of 4.2 and a thickness of 3.2 mm. The design procedure of the antenna array can be summarized as follows: 1) Decide the initial width and the length of the patches working at the specified frequencies of 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz. 2) Initial design of the feeding network. 3) Optimize the circuit using simulation software. The simulated S11 of the preliminary structure is shown in Fig. 2. It is noted that an extra resonance appears between the two desired bands and the centre frequency of the 2nd band is shifted from 5.8 GHz to 6.0 GHz. This is due to the coupling between the two radiating patches. In order to overcome this problem, the proposed antenna array with EBG structures between the two radiating patches is shown in Section 3.
3. PROPOSED ANTENNA ARRAY WITH EBG STRUCTURES

The Electromagnetic Bandgap (EBG) structures are well known due to their compact size and special EM characteristics such as bandgap, surface wave suppression and in-phase reflection coefficient properties [5–9]. In this paper, ring-type EBG structures are adopted for mutual coupling reduction and harmonic suppressions. This type of EBG structures with height of 1.6 mm from the GND consists of an open-ended ring and three vias connected to the ground. Those rings are of different dimensions based on their bandgap characteristics, which correspond to 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz accordingly. The proposed antenna array is shown in Fig. 3. It is noted that better performance of the antenna array between the two desired bands has been achieved as shown in Fig. 4.

Figure 1: Preliminary geometry of the antenna array.

Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Proceedings, Suzhou, China, Sept. 12–16, 2011

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Figure 2: Simulated S11 of the preliminary antenna array.

Figure 3: Proposed antenna array with EBG structures.

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PIERS Proceedings, Suzhou, China, September 12–16, 2011

Figure 4: Simulated S11 of the antenna array. 4. CONCLUSION

In this paper, a novel antenna array with EBG structures has been proposed. Ring-type EBG structures with three vias connected to the ground has been adopted between the 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz radiating patches for better mutual coupling reduction.
REFERENCES

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