Eunice S.

Sandoval 12/11/12

LIS 141 Prof. J. Encanto

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NUCLEAR MEDICINE

RADIOLOGY

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Meaning “of or like the nucleus of a cell” from the Latin word “nucleus” meaning “kernel” Is a branch of medical imaging that uses small amounts of radioactive material to diagnose and determine the severity of or treat a variety of diseases. Radionuclides are combined with other elements to form chemical compounds, or combined with existing pharmaceutical compounds, to form radiopharmaceuticals – once administered to the patient, can localize specific organs or cellular receptors

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From the Latin word “radius” meaning “beam or ray” and “logy” meaning “study of” The science dealing with x-rays or nuclear radiation, especially for medical uses Is a medical specialty that employs the use of imaging to both diagnose and treat disease visualised within the human body.

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Radiologists use the following imaging techniques to diagnose or treat diseases: • • • • • • • • • Projection radiography Fluoroscopy CT Scanning Ultrasound Interventional radiology Teleradiology Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Nuclear Medicine X-ray

TYPES OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE SCANS • • • • • • Bone Scan PET (Positron Emission Tomography) Scan Gallium Scan Myocardial Perfusion Scan Normal Hepatobiliary Scan (HIDA) Normal Pulmonary and Perfusion (V/Q) Scan

NUCLEAR MEDICINE REFERENCES: 1. Essentials of Nuclear Medicine Imaging (5th Edition) by Fred A. Mettler Jr. and Milton J. Guiberteau 2. Nuclear Medicine and PET/CT: Technology and Techniques edited by Paul E. Christian and Kristen M. Waterstram-Rich

Related Terms: • • • • • Breast imaging Cardiovascular Radiology Chest Radiology Emergency Radiology Gastrointestinal Radiology

Eunice S. Sandoval 12/11/12

LIS 141 Prof. J. Encanto

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• • • • • • • • Neuroradiology Genitourinary Radiology Head and Neck Radiology Interventional Radiology Musculoskeletal Radiology Nuclear Radiology Pediatric Radiology Radiation Oncology • Follow-up of cancer patients after successful treatment • Palliative care of patients with terminal malignancies Concerned with: • The diagnosis of any cancer in a person • Therapy (e.g. surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy)

RADIOLOGY REFERENCES:

1. Radiology 101: The Basics and Fundamentals of Imaging by William E. Erkonen and Wilbur L. Smith 2. Squire’s Fundamentals of Radiology: Sixth Edition by Robert A. Novelline 3. Learning Radiology: Recognizing the Basics by William Herring

Related Terms: • Radiation oncology • Surgical oncology • Medical oncology • Interventional oncology • Gynecologic oncology

ONCOLOGY
From the Ancient Greek word “onkos” meaning bulk, mass, or tumor and “logy” meaning “study of” Is a branch of medicine that deals with cancer. A person who practices oncology is an oncologist. The study or science dealing with the physical, chemical, and biologic properties and features of neoplasms, including causation, pathogenesis, and treatment

• Pediatric oncology ONCOLOGY REFERENCES: 1. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology by Devita, Hellman and Rosenberg 2. Clinical Hematology – Oncology 2013 (The Clinical Medicine Series) by C.G. Weber 3. Basics of Oncology by Frederick O. Stephens and Karl Reinhard Aigner

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Eunice S. Sandoval 12/11/12

LIS 141 Prof. J. Encanto

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References: Nuclear Medicine (n.d.).http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_m edicine RadiologyInfo.org (n.d.). http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg =gennuclear Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (n.d.). http://www.madsci.org/posts/archives/200308/1060580523.Me.r.html Oncology (n.d.). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oncology Livestrong.com (n.d.). http://www.livestrong.com/article/24016types-nuclear-medicine-scans/ Radiology (n.d.). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radiology Two Views of Radiologists (n.d.). http://www.twoviews.com/Radiologist/Types.html

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