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**Classroom Response System Questions
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Chapter 8 Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy

Reading Quiz Questions

8.1.1. Which one of the following choices is not a kind of potential energy? a) elastic b) gravitational

c) kinetic d) all of these are potential energies

8.1.1. Which one of the following choices is not a kind of potential energy? a) elastic b) gravitational

c) kinetic d) all of these are potential energies

8.2.1. What is the relationship between the gravitational potential energy of an object and the work done on the object by the gravitational force? a) The work is equal to the gravitational potential energy. b) The negative of the work is equal to the change in the gravitational potential energy. c) The negative of the work is equal to the square of the gravitational potential energy. d) The work is equal to the square of the gravitational potential energy. e) The work is equal to one-half of the gravitational potential energy.

8.2.1. What is the relationship between the gravitational potential energy of an object and the work done on the object by the gravitational force? a) The work is equal to the gravitational potential energy. b) The negative of the work is equal to the change in the gravitational potential energy. c) The negative of the work is equal to the square of the gravitational potential energy. d) The work is equal to the square of the gravitational potential energy. e) The work is equal to one-half of the gravitational potential energy.

2.8. d) it results in a change in the object's kinetic energy. c) it always acts in the direction of motion of the object. e) it obeys Newton's laws of motion.2. . Complete the following statement: A force that acts on an object is said to be conservative if a) the work it does on the object is equal to the increase in the object's kinetic energy b) the work it does on the object is independent of the path of the motion.

2. Complete the following statement: A force that acts on an object is said to be conservative if a) the work it does on the object is equal to the increase in the object's kinetic energy b) the work it does on the object is independent of the path of the motion. d) it results in a change in the object's kinetic energy. c) it always acts in the direction of motion of the object. .8.2. e) it obeys Newton's laws of motion.

b) The tension force in the rope increased as the piano was lifted off the ground. Which one of the following situations is an example of a conservative force acting? a) A boat motor produces a propulsion force that moves the boat across a lake.2. d) A normal force pushes upward on a book as it sits on a table. c) A child jumping on a trampoline is pushed upward by an elastic spring force.3. . e) The static frictional force between the tires of a car and the road.8.

8.2. e) The static frictional force between the tires of a car and the road.3. Which one of the following situations is an example of a conservative force acting? a) A boat motor produces a propulsion force that moves the boat across a lake. b) The tension force in the rope increased as the piano was lifted off the ground. c) A child jumping on a trampoline is pushed upward by an elastic spring force. . d) A normal force pushes upward on a book as it sits on a table.

Which one of the following choices is an example of a nonconservative force? a) elastic spring force b) gravitational force c) kinetic frictional force d) electrical force e) tension .8.4.2.

2. Which one of the following choices is an example of a nonconservative force? a) elastic spring force b) gravitational force c) kinetic frictional force d) electrical force e) tension .4.8.

the work done by these forces a) is always negative.2.5. d) can be either positive or negative.8. Complete the following statement: In situations involving nonconservative external forces. e) usually cannot be determined. b) is always equal to zero. . c) is always positive.

Complete the following statement: In situations involving nonconservative external forces. e) usually cannot be determined.8. d) can be either positive or negative.2. the work done by these forces a) is always negative.5. b) is always equal to zero. c) is always positive. .

. c) depends only on the starting and ending points. e) is always greater than zero joules.3.8.1. b) depends only on the velocity of the object. Complete the following statement: The net work done by a conservative force acting on an object a) depends only on the time that the force is exerted. d) is always equal to zero joules.

3. e) is always greater than zero joules. b) depends only on the velocity of the object.1.8. Complete the following statement: The net work done by a conservative force acting on an object a) depends only on the time that the force is exerted. . d) is always equal to zero joules. c) depends only on the starting and ending points.

c) The net work depends only on the radius of the circle. the ball makes exactly one revolution. Which one of the following statements concerning the net work done on the ball during time t is true? a) The net work depends only on the time t. A ball is constrained to follow a circular path by a conservative force. During a time interval t. . e) The net work is greater than zero joules.8.2.3. d) The net work is equal to zero joules. b) The net work depends only on the velocity of the ball.

3. A ball is constrained to follow a circular path by a conservative force. d) The net work is equal to zero joules. . c) The net work depends only on the radius of the circle. e) The net work is greater than zero joules. Which one of the following statements concerning the net work done on the ball during time t is true? a) The net work depends only on the time t. b) The net work depends only on the velocity of the ball. the ball makes exactly one revolution.8. During a time interval t.2.

8. b) A helicopter takes off from the roof of a hospital and flies due west. c) A child accidentally releases a helium-filled balloon and it flies upward into the clouds. .1. d) A girl jumps down from a bed and lands on her feet. In which one of the following situations is there a decrease in gravitational potential energy? a) A large boulder rests at the bottom of a steep hill. country road. e) A truck drives at an average velocity of 25 m/s.4. due north along a level.

due north along a level.1. c) A child accidentally releases a helium-filled balloon and it flies upward into the clouds. .8. b) A helicopter takes off from the roof of a hospital and flies due west. In which one of the following situations is there a decrease in gravitational potential energy? a) A large boulder rests at the bottom of a steep hill. country road. e) A truck drives at an average velocity of 25 m/s.4. d) A girl jumps down from a bed and lands on her feet.

what is the change in the gravitational potential energy of the chair? a) 180 J b) +390 J c) +180 J d) 390 J e) +240 J .3 m above the first floor.2. A man carries a 12-kg chair up one flight of stairs to the second floor of his house. If the second floor is 3.8.4.

If the second floor is 3.2.3 m above the first floor.4.8. A man carries a 12-kg chair up one flight of stairs to the second floor of his house. what is the change in the gravitational potential energy of the chair? a) 180 J b) +390 J c) +180 J d) 390 J e) +240 J .

3. The work done by the gravitational force on the object is dependent on which of the following quantities? a) y1 y2 b) the path taken from y1 to y2 c) the time interval t taken to move from y1 to y2 d) choices a and b e) choices a and c . the object is located at height y2. An object is initially at height y1.4.8. After a time interval t.

An object is initially at height y1. the object is located at height y2.4.8.3. The work done by the gravitational force on the object is dependent on which of the following quantities? a) y1 y2 b) the path taken from y1 to y2 c) the time interval t taken to move from y1 to y2 d) choices a and b e) choices a and c . After a time interval t.

4. e) The elastic potential energy is at its minimum when the acceleration of the ball is a maximum.8. equilibrium position of the spring. . a) The elastic potential energy is at its minimum when the spring is in its equilibrium position. d) The elastic potential energy is at its maximum when the velocity of the ball is a maximum. b) The elastic potential energy is smaller when the ball is at y than when it is at +y. Which one of the following statements concerning the elastic potential energy of a ball attached to a vertical spring is false when the ball is moving up and down in a periodic motion? The position y = 0 corresponds to the unstretched.4. c) The elastic potential energy can be expressed in units of watts.

e) The elastic potential energy is at its minimum when the acceleration of the ball is a maximum. d) The elastic potential energy is at its maximum when the velocity of the ball is a maximum.4. a) The elastic potential energy is at its minimum when the spring is in its equilibrium position. . Which one of the following statements concerning the elastic potential energy of a ball attached to a vertical spring is false when the ball is moving up and down in a periodic motion? The position y = 0 corresponds to the unstretched. b) The elastic potential energy is smaller when the ball is at y than when it is at +y.8. c) The elastic potential energy can be expressed in units of watts.4. equilibrium position of the spring.

gravitational potential energy.5. elastic potential energy. The ball is initially supported at a height y so that the spring is neither stretched nor compressed. When the ball was at a height y (h/2). and elastic potential energies . gravitational potential. which of the listed quantities has (have) values other than zero joules? a) translational kinetic energy only b) gravitational potential energy only c) elastic potential energy only d) translational and elastic potential energies only e) translational kinetic. Consider the following quantities: translational kinetic energy.8. The ball is then released from rest and it falls to a height y h before moving upward. A ball is attached to a vertical spring.4.

5. A ball is attached to a vertical spring. The ball is then released from rest and it falls to a height y h before moving upward.4. which of the listed quantities has (have) values other than zero joules? a) translational kinetic energy only b) gravitational potential energy only c) elastic potential energy only d) translational and elastic potential energies only e) translational kinetic.8. Consider the following quantities: translational kinetic energy. and elastic potential energies . gravitational potential. elastic potential energy. When the ball was at a height y (h/2). The ball is initially supported at a height y so that the spring is neither stretched nor compressed. gravitational potential energy.

d) The total mechanical energy is only dependent on the spring constant and the mass of the block.6.8. the block moves back and forth on a frictionless surface without any losses due to friction. c) The total mechanical energy is constant as the block moves back and forth.4. . b) The total mechanical energy is at its maximum when the block is at its equilibrium position. Subsequently. Which one of the following statements concerning the total mechanical energy of the blockspring system this situation is true? a) The total mechanical energy is dependent on the maximum displacement during the motion. The block is then displaced from its equilibrium position and released. A block is attached to the end of a spring.

d) The total mechanical energy is only dependent on the spring constant and the mass of the block.6. . b) The total mechanical energy is at its maximum when the block is at its equilibrium position. Which one of the following statements concerning the total mechanical energy of the blockspring system this situation is true? a) The total mechanical energy is dependent on the maximum displacement during the motion. A block is attached to the end of a spring. The block is then displaced from its equilibrium position and released. the block moves back and forth on a frictionless surface without any losses due to friction.4. Subsequently.8. c) The total mechanical energy is constant as the block moves back and forth.

c) The kinetic energy of the arrow decreases as the potential energy increases. An arrow is launched straight up from the surface of the Earth.1. a) The kinetic energy of the arrow increases and its potential energy decreases. Which one of the following statements describes the energy transformation of the arrow as it rises? Neglect air resistance. e) The total energy of the arrow increases. b) Both the potential energy of the arrow and its total energy increase. d) Both the kinetic energy of the arrow and its potential energy remain constant. .5.8.

c) The kinetic energy of the arrow decreases as the potential energy increases. b) Both the potential energy of the arrow and its total energy increase. d) Both the kinetic energy of the arrow and its potential energy remain constant. Which one of the following statements describes the energy transformation of the arrow as it rises? Neglect air resistance.5. . a) The kinetic energy of the arrow increases and its potential energy decreases.1. An arrow is launched straight up from the surface of the Earth. e) The total energy of the arrow increases.8.

. Which one of the following statements concerning the principle of the conservation of mechanical energy is true? a) Mechanical energy is always conserved in situations where the kinetic energy is constant.2. c) Mechanical energy is always conserved in situations where external nonconservative forces do no work. e) Mechanical energy is always conserved in situations where the gravitational potential energy is zero joules. d) Mechanical energy is always conserved in situations where external conservative forces do no work.8.5. b) Mechanical energy is always conserved in situations where the gravitational potential energy is constant.

2. Which one of the following statements concerning the principle of the conservation of mechanical energy is true? a) Mechanical energy is always conserved in situations where the kinetic energy is constant.8. e) Mechanical energy is always conserved in situations where the gravitational potential energy is zero joules. d) Mechanical energy is always conserved in situations where external conservative forces do no work. . b) Mechanical energy is always conserved in situations where the gravitational potential energy is constant. c) Mechanical energy is always conserved in situations where external nonconservative forces do no work.5.

b) all exerted forces are nonconservative. Complete the following statement: In an isolated system. e) an object returns to its starting position. .3. the total mechanical energy remains constant if a) all exerted forces are conservative.8. d) the work done by nonconservative forces is negative. c) the work done by nonconservative forces is positive.5.

.3. Complete the following statement: In an isolated system. e) an object returns to its starting position.5. b) all exerted forces are nonconservative. c) the work done by nonconservative forces is positive.8. d) the work done by nonconservative forces is negative. the total mechanical energy remains constant if a) all exerted forces are conservative.

Complete the following statement: The total mechanical energy of a system remains unchanged if a) the external forces acting on the system are nonconservative. .4.5. d) the potential energy is constant.8. c) the kinetic energy is constant. e) there are no external forces acting on the system. b) the external forces acting on the system are conservative.

e) there are no external forces acting on the system.5. Complete the following statement: The total mechanical energy of a system remains unchanged if a) the external forces acting on the system are nonconservative. .8.4. b) the external forces acting on the system are conservative. c) the kinetic energy is constant. d) the potential energy is constant.

5.8. A ball is thrown vertically upward in the air. Which one of the following quantities is necessarily equal to zero at the highest point of the ball’s trajectory? a) acceleration b) net force c) potential energy d) kinetic energy e) total mechanical energy .5.

8. A ball is thrown vertically upward in the air.5.5. Which one of the following quantities is necessarily equal to zero at the highest point of the ball’s trajectory? a) acceleration b) net force c) potential energy d) kinetic energy e) total mechanical energy .

8. At the lowest point of its trajectory.5. the potential energy is instantaneously equal to zero joules. Which one of the following expressions describes the kinetic and potential energies at the point mid-way between to the highest and lowest points? a) K = 0. U = Umax b) K = U c) K > U d) K < U e) U = 0. K = Kmax . At the highest points of its trajectory. A pendulum is swinging back and forth with no non-conservative forces acting on it. the kinetic energy of the pendulum bob is instantaneously equal to zero joules.6.

At the highest points of its trajectory. the potential energy is instantaneously equal to zero joules.8. U = Umax b) K = U c) K > U d) K < U e) U = 0. the kinetic energy of the pendulum bob is instantaneously equal to zero joules. K = Kmax . Which one of the following expressions describes the kinetic and potential energies at the point mid-way between to the highest and lowest points? a) K = 0.5. A pendulum is swinging back and forth with no non-conservative forces acting on it. At the lowest point of its trajectory.6.

8.1.6. Which one of the following situations is an example of neutral equilibrium? a) a marble is sitting on a flat tabletop b) a pendulum is swinging c) a ball is rolling down a hill d) a block is bobbing up and down on a vertical spring e) a horse is jumping over a fence with all four hooves above the ground .

6.8. Which one of the following situations is an example of neutral equilibrium? a) a marble is sitting on a flat tabletop b) a pendulum is swinging c) a ball is rolling down a hill d) a block is bobbing up and down on a vertical spring e) a horse is jumping over a fence with all four hooves above the ground .1.

b) The kinetic energy of the object is equal to zero joules. .2. Which one of the following phrases describes what occurs at a turning point? a) The net force acting an object is zero newtons.8. d) The potential energy of the object is equal to zero joules. c) The object is at an unstable equilibrium point. e) The potential energy of the object is at its maximum value.6.

6. Which one of the following phrases describes what occurs at a turning point? a) The net force acting an object is zero newtons. b) The kinetic energy of the object is equal to zero joules. .8.2. c) The object is at an unstable equilibrium point. e) The potential energy of the object is at its maximum value. d) The potential energy of the object is equal to zero joules.

b) The object will start to move after some period of time.3.6. d) The object will oscillate about an equilibrium point if it is displaced. Which one of the following statements correctly describes a stationary object at an unstable equilibrium point? a) The object experiences a net force equal to zero newtons. c) The object will move directly to a stationary equilibrium point if it is displaced. . e) The object will move to a position with higher potential energy if it is displaced.8.

d) The object will oscillate about an equilibrium point if it is displaced. Which one of the following statements correctly describes a stationary object at an unstable equilibrium point? a) The object experiences a net force equal to zero newtons.3.8. e) The object will move to a position with higher potential energy if it is displaced.6. c) The object will move directly to a stationary equilibrium point if it is displaced. . b) The object will start to move after some period of time.

6. The graph shows the potential energy as a function of distance for an object moving along the x axis. At which of the labeled points does the force acting on the object have the largest magnitude? a) A b) B c) C d) D e) E .4.8.

At which of the labeled points does the force acting on the object have the largest magnitude? a) A b) B c) C d) D e) E .6. The graph shows the potential energy as a function of distance for an object moving along the x axis.4.8.

6. .8. The graph shows the potential energy as a function of distance for an object moving along the x axis. At which of the labeled points does the force acting on the object have the least magnitude? a) A b) B c) C d) D e) The force is the same at each of the four points.5.

8. . The graph shows the potential energy as a function of distance for an object moving along the x axis.5. At which of the labeled points does the force acting on the object have the least magnitude? a) A b) B c) C d) D e) The force is the same at each of the four points.6.

At which of the labeled points does the object have greatest speed? a) A b) B c) C d) D e) E .6. The graph shows the potential energy as a function of distance for an object moving along the x axis.8.6.

At which of the labeled points does the object have greatest speed? a) A b) B c) C d) D e) E .6.8.6. The graph shows the potential energy as a function of distance for an object moving along the x axis.

8. Which one of the following statements concerning the principle of conservation of energy is false? a) The total energy in the universe has a constant value. d) Chemical energy may be converted into thermal energy and gravitational potential energy. . c) Thermal energy may be converted into kinetic energy and kinetic energy may be converted into thermal energy.1. b) Kinetic energy may be converted into gravitational potential energy and heat.8. e) The net work done on an object must be zero joules since energy is neither created nor destroyed in the process.

8. c) Thermal energy may be converted into kinetic energy and kinetic energy may be converted into thermal energy.1. d) Chemical energy may be converted into thermal energy and gravitational potential energy. Which one of the following statements concerning the principle of conservation of energy is false? a) The total energy in the universe has a constant value. . e) The net work done on an object must be zero joules since energy is neither created nor destroyed in the process.8. b) Kinetic energy may be converted into gravitational potential energy and heat.

.2. Complete the following statement: The total energy of a system can only change a) if the forces acting in the system are nonconservative. b) if there are no external forces acting on the system. d) by transferring amounts of energy to or from the system.8.8. c) if the forces acting in the system are conservative. e) if there is more than one force acting on the system.

e) if there is more than one force acting on the system. d) by transferring amounts of energy to or from the system. c) if the forces acting in the system are conservative.8. Complete the following statement: The total energy of a system can only change a) if the forces acting in the system are nonconservative. b) if there are no external forces acting on the system.8.2. .

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