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# Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005.

50
EXERCISE # 1
2.13 The moment of inertia of all seven rods parallel to AB and not lying on AB is
ii 7 i -( ii i AB -in AB ri r
= 7 ()
2
= 7
3
the moment of inertia of all five rods lying on AB = 0
ii 5 i AB ln r i -( ii i i r
The moment of inertia of all 18 rods perpendicular to AB is = 18 ()
3
2

= 6
3
ii 18 i AB (n -( ii i AB is = 18 ()
3
2

= 6
3
Hence net MI of rod about AB = 7
3
+ 6
3
= 13
3
Ans.
n lii-i -( ii i AB ln = 7
3
+ 6
3
= 13
3

Ans.
3.2 t = I o
t
A
= t
B
I
A
o
A
= I
B
o
B
I
A
< I
B
o
A
> o
B
e
A
> e
B
3.4

F
= 2 i

+ 3 j

F
= 2 i

+ 3 j

## torque about point (0, 0, 2) l (0, 0, 2) i -i ii i

r =
( ) k

3 i

2 +
k

t
=

F
= ) k

3 i

2 ( ) k

3 i

2 ( +

t = ) k

12 i

6 ( +

t
= ) 5 6 (
3.6 torque of a couple is always remains constant about any point
li - i ii i r- ii li ii l i -i ln rni r |
O i -i ii i
F 40 + F 80 (F 20 + F 60)
In clockwise direction
l-iii(n lii -
= F 40
RIGID BODY DYNAMICS
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 51
4.3
x x

w
1 w
weight of object (-n i -i = w
w ( x) = w
1
x ...........(i)
If weight is kept in another pan then :
l -i ii - ii i n
w
2
( x) = wx ...........(ii)
By (i) & (ii) -ii (i) ( (ii)
2
w
w
=
w
w
1
w
2
= w
1
w
2
w =
2 1
w w .
4.5 N
1
= N
2
,
N
1
+ N
2
= mg , t
A
= o
3 N
2
4 N
1

2
3
mg = o
Hence n =
3
1
Ans.
Aliter
Using force balance n i ^
f
1
= N
1
N
1
+ f
2
= mg (A)
f
2
= N
2
N
2
= f
1
N
2
= N
1
(B)
Using aq (A) -ii (A)
N
1
+ N
2
= mg
N
1
+ N
1
= mg
N
1
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
2
1
mg
B
= 0 For rotational equilibrium
l B i -i ii i t
B
= 0 ii ii(-ii l
f
1
4 + mg (5/2 cos 53) = 3N
1
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 52
5.4 Initial velocity of each point onthe rod is zero so angular velocity of rod is zero.
t = I o
20g (0.8) = o
3
m
2

20g (0.8) = o
3
) 6 . 1 ( 20
2

2 . 3
g 3
= o = angular acceleration
o =
16
g 15
- l i ili ( ^ i r ;l i i ii ( ^ i ri ^i|
O ln ii i
t = I o
20g (0.8) =
o
3
m
2

20g (0.8) = o
3
) 6 . 1 ( 20
2

2 . 3
g 3
= o = i ii -(i
o =
16
g 15
5.5 By energy conservation :
mg
4

=
2
1
.
2 2
m
48
7
e |
.
|

\
|

[ I
=
2
2
4
m
12
m
|
.
|

\
|
+

]
I
0
=
48
7
ml
2
e =
7
g 24
Ans.
5.6 Beam is not at rotational equilibrium, so force exerted by the rod (beam) decrcase
i i ii(-ii - ri r n ,ii ^ (ii i- ^i|
6.9 Let the angular speed of disc when the balls reach the end be e.
-ii ^ li r ni r n ni i i ii i e r |
From conservation of angular momentum
i ii ( ^ -ii
2
1
mR
2
e
0
=
2
1
mR
2
e +
2
m
R
2
e +
2
m
R
2
e or e =
3
0
e
7.15 As the sphere rolls up its speed is decreasing and while rolling down its speed is increasing. Hence the
acceleration of its centre of mass is down the incline and is thus always negative. Therefore the correct graph is.
l ^i i + i i ni r ni ;i i i-ni r nii i i i ;i
i ni r | ;l ; -i i -(i n n i i i ri^i nii ; i
r- ii ~ii-- ri ^i| ;l ri ^ i ri ^i|
7.18 There is no relative motion between sphere and plank so friction force is zero then no any change in motion of
sphere and plank.
7.20 a = (g tan u) so net force along the indined plane is zero so it will continue in pure rolling with constant angular
velocity.
a = (g tan u) n nn li i r n r i, i -i ^ln ( i ii ( ^ ) ni r ^i|
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 53
EXERCISE # 2
PART-I
1. For rigid body separation between two point remains same.
v
1
cos60 = v
2
cos30
2
v
1
=
2
v 3
2
v
1
=
3
v
2
e
disc
=
d
60 sin v 30 sin v
1 2

= d
2
v 3
2
v
1 2

=
d 2
v 3 3 v
2 2

=
d 2
v 2
2
=
d
v
2
e
disc
=
d
v
2
3. Applying Newton's law on centre of mass O
Mg T = ma {a = acceleration of centre of mass}
mass of centre about , o I = t
o =
2
MR
2
R
T
2
`1
Also a =
2
R
o
from above equations T =
3
mg 2
12
m
2

I (YY' ln ) =
12
m
2

## Using parallel axis theorem : (-in -ii i - )

4
m
12
m
2 2

+ =
3
m
2

Ans.
11. The two forces along y-direction balance each other.
Hence, the resultant force is 2F along x-direction
Let the point of application of force be at (0, y).
(By symmetry x-coordinate will be zero).
For rotational equilibrium :
F(a) + F(a) + F(a + y) F(a y) = 0
y = a Hence (B).
y-lii i n ln ^
n lii-i 2F x lii - ri ^i
-ii lii-i i lii (0, y) r
(-l-ln x-l ii i ri ^i).
i ii n l :
F(a) + F(a) + F(a + y) F(a y) = 0
y = a Hence (B).
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 54
Alternate : oS dfYid
Torque will only be produced by the two forces along ydirection in anti-clockwise direction. To bal ance
this torque we should apply a force 2F in order to produce a torque in the clockwise direction, which is
only possible if we apply a force at a point below the x-axis.
y lii - ^ (i ( i i ,ii ri ii i (i-i(n lii - - ri ^i ; n ln l r-
2F ^ii ^i i ii i l-iii(n ii ln i l x--i i li l i n ri ^i|
Then ni , t = F(a) + F(a) 2F y = 0
y = a
Hence n (B).
12. mg sin u f = m a
f r = I
r
a
mg sin u
2
r
a I
= ma a =
2
r
m
sin mg
I
+
u
I
A
= m r
2
I
B
=
2
1
mr
2
I
A
> I
B
a
A
< a
B
So B will reach first at bottom.
So by second equation of motion for B

B
=
u sin
h
= 0 +
2
1

m
2
1
m
sin mg
+
u
t
2
=
3
2
2
1

g sin u t
2
t
2
=
u
2
sin g
h 3
for A
A
= 0 +
2
1

2
sin g u
t
2
=
u

u
2
sin g
h 3
4
sin g

A
=
u sin g
h 3
so required distances =
B

A
d =
u sin 4
h
13. WRT of belt, pseudo force ma acts on cylinder at COM as shown about to cylinder will be just about to
topple when torque to weight w.r.t. P.
-- ln i ii ln ri ^i l P ln - l (-ii -
dt
dv
= 2bt
m.2bt .
2
h
= mg.r
t =
bh
rg
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 55
14. The frictional force on each section of rod of mass m is in direction opposite to that of motion and is as shown
in free body diagram.
M -i i - ii^ iii ^ln i lii l(in - r nii - n (-n li lii i liii ^i r |
Since the rod translates on horizontal surface, net moment of force on Lshaped rod about point O ( or any point
for that matter) is zero.
l -i ln nr -iiinln ri ni r , l O, (i li i l l ) ln L ii i
i - ii i i ri ^i|

) cos
2
( mg
3
1
) sin ( mg
3
2
u = u

or i tanu =
4
1
. Hence ;l o =ttan
1
4
1

) cos
2
( mg
3
1
) sin ( mg
3
2
u = u

i tanu =
4
1
. ;l o =ttan
1
4
1
15. FBD for sphere & block
a
1
f
r
m
m
f
r
a
2
a
1
=
m
f
r
=
m
mg
a
2
=
m
f
r
=
m
mg
i

g a
1
=

g a
2
=

g 2 a a a
2 1 rel
= =

a
rel
= 2g.
21. Just before collision Between two Balls
potential energy lost by Ball A = kinetic energy gained by Ball A.

2
h
mg =
2
cm
2
cm
mv
2
1
2
1
+ e I
=
2
cm
2
cm 2
mv
2
1
R
v
mR
5
2
2
1
+ |
.
|

\
|

=
5
1

2
cm
mv +
2
1

2
cm
mv
mgh
7
5
=
2
cm
mv
7
mgh
=
5
1

2
cm
mv
After collision only translational kinetic energy is transfered to ball B
So just after collision rotational kinetic energy of Ball A =
5
1

2
cm
mv =
7
mgh
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 56
24. As torque = change in angular momentum ii i = i ii ( ^ l(n
F

and
|
.
|

\
|

2
F

At = e
12
m
2

## (Angular) i ii ..... (B)

Dividing: (A) and (B)
2 =
e
v 12
e =

v 6
Using : S = ut :
Displacement of COM is ( -i i l(-ii) :
2
t
= et =
|
.
|

\
|

v 6
t
and x = vt
Dividing :
t
x 2
=
6

x =
12
t
Coordinate of A will be (A l ii ) (

+
t
0 ,
2 12

26. The ball has V', component of its velocity perpendicular to the length of rod immediately after the collision.
u is velocity of COM of the rod and e is angular velocity of the rod, just after collision. The ball strikes the
rod with speed vcos53 in perpendicular direction and its component along the length of the rod after the
collision is unchanged.
Using for the point of collision.
Velocity of separation = Velocity of approach
u
v'
e
D

5
V 3
=
|
.
|

\
|
+
e
u
4

## + V' .... (A)

Conserving linear momentum (of rod + particle), in the direction to the rod.
mV.
5
3
= mu mV' ....(B)
Conserving angular moment about point 'D' as shown in the figure
0 = 0 +
(
(

e
12
m
4
mu
2

u =
3
e
.... (C)
By solving
u =
55
V 24
, w =
55
V 72
Time taken to rotate by t angle t =
e
t
/4
}
dt N
In the same time, distance travelled = u
2
.t =
3
t
Using angulr impulse-angular momentum equation.
4
. dt . N

}
=

55
V 72
.
4
m
2

}
dt . N
=
55
mV 24

or

= =

}
55
mv 24
mu Ndt
Rod on equation momentum impulse g sin u
- n n i, i i; (n ^ ( ^ i i- V' r | - i u -i i
( ^ nii e i i ii ( ^ r | ^ (n lii - i vcos53 -ini r | nii i; li ;i
i- l(ln n rni r |
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 57
i- - l l
^i( ( ^ = i-i ( ^
u
v'
e
D

5
V 3
=
|
.
|

\
|
+
e
u
4

## + V' .... (A)

(n lii - ( + i) ( ^ -ii
mV.
5
3
= mu mV' ....(B)
lii i l D ln i ii ( ^ l-in r
0 = 0 +
(
(

e
12
m
4
mu
2

u =
3
e
.... (C)
r
u =
55
V 24
, w =
55
V 72
t i i i - - li ^i - t =
e
t
/4
}
dt N
i - - n i i = u
2
.t =
3
t
i ii i( ^ i ii ( ^ -ii
4
. dt . N

}
=

55
V 72
.
4
m
2

}
dt . N
=
55
mV 24

or

= =
}
56
mv 24
mu Ndt
^i -ii ( ^ ^ i(
27. By angular momentum conservation ;
L = I e mv
2
R
+ mvR = 2mR
2
e
2
3
mvR = 2mR
2
e
e =
R 4
v 3
Also at the time of contact ;
u
u
N
mg
mg cosu
mgcosu N =
R
mv
2
N = mg cosu
R
mv
2
when it ascends u decreases so cosu increases and v decreases.
mgcosu is increasing and
R
mv
2
is decreasing
we can say N increases as wheel ascends.
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 58
PART-II
2. N =
F r

= ) j

B i

A ( ) j
~
b i

a ( + +
= (AB bA)
k

Also, N =
1
r . | F |

1
2 2
1
1
) bA aB (
B A
N
| F |
r

|
|
.
|

\
|

+
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
=

N = (aB bA)k, where k is the unit vector of the z axis

= |aB bA|/
2 2
B A +
N = (aB bA)k, ri k z -i li i li r

= |aB bA|/
2 2
B A +
3. t =
6
3
0
a t
v
4.
R
A
=
r
) v 2 (
2
2
e
=
r
v 4
2
2
e
=
2
2
v
r v 4
= 4r
R
B
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
e
2
r
) V 2 (
2
2
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
e
2
r
v 2
2
2
R
B
=
2 2
2
r
r 2 v 2
e
=
2
2 r 2 2
= ) r 2 2 (
5.
N
y
mg
C
b
b
o
N
x
C
b
b
o
N
x
C
b
b
o
N
x
C
b
b
o
N
x
C
b
b
o
N
x
C
b
b
o
N
x
C
b
b
o
N
x
mg ( ) 2 / b = I o , I =
6
mb
2
+ m
2
2
b
|
|
.
|

\
|
I =
6
mb
2
+
2
mb
2
=
2
mb
2

|
.
|

\
|
+
3
1
1
I =
3
mb 2
2
Hence n
2
mgb
=
3
mb 2
2
o o =
b 2 2
g 3
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 59
Acc
n
of corner C =
2 2
b b +
o =
2
g 3
Acceleration of O in horizontal direction is zero So N
x
= 0
-i ln lii - -(i i r n
C ii^ i -(i =
2 2
b b +
o =
2
g 3
O l i ( ^ i r | ;l N
x
= 0
mg N
y
= m
2
b
o
= m
2
b

|
|
.
|

\
|
b 2 2
g 3
=
4
mg 3
N
y
=
4
mg
6. a = o R
mg sin 30
0
T = ma .........(1)
or i
2
mg
T = ma .........(2)
o =
I

=
2
2
1
TR
MR
o =
MR
2T
.........(3)
Solving Equations (1), (2) and (3) for T, we get
T l -ii (1), (2) nii (3) i r
T =
2
1
m M 2
mg M
+
Substituting the value, we get
T =
|
.
|

\
|
2
1

)
`

+ (0.5)(2) 2
.8) (2)(0.5)(9
= 1.63 N
T = 1.63 N
(ii) From Eq. (3) , angular retardation of drum
o =
MR
2T
=
) 2 . 0 )( 2 (
(2)(1.63)
2
or linear retardation of block
a = Ro = (0.2) (8.15) = 1.63 m/s
2
At the moment when angular velocity of drum is
e
0
The linear velocity of block will be
v
0
= e
0
R = (10) (0.2) = 2 m/s
Now, the distance (s) travelled by the block until it comes to rest will be given by
-i i r- in ^
T =
|
.
|

\
|
2
1

)
`

+ (0.5)(2) 2
.8) (2)(0.5)(9
= 1.63 N
T = 1.63 N
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 60
-ii (iii) - i i ii -
o =
MR
2T
=
) 2 . 0 )( 2 (
(2)(1.63)
2
i i ii -
a = Ro = (0.2) (8.15) = 1.63 m/s
2
(r -ii - i i ii ( ^
e
0
i i ii ( ^
v
0
= e
0
R = (10) (0.2) = 2 m/s
i ,ii n i n r l(i- - ri i i
s =
2a
v 0
2
[ Using v
2
= v
0
2
2as with v = 0 ]
s =
2a
v 0
2
[ v
2
= v
0
2
2as i i ^ v = 0 ]
=
) 63 . 1 ( 2
(2)
2
m
or i s = 1.22 m
(a) 1.633 N (b) 1.224 m
7. Between the time t = 0 to t = t
0
. There is forward sliding, so friction, f is leftwards and maximum i.e., m mg. For time t >
t
0
, friction f will become zero, because now pure rolling has started i.e., there is no sliding (no relative motion) between
the points of contact.
So, for time t < t
0
Linear retardation, o =
m
f
= g (f = mg)
and angular acceleration, o =
I
t
=
2
mR
2
I
R f
=
R
g 2
Now let V be the linear velocity and e, the angular velocity of the disc at time t = t
0
then
V = V
0
at
0
= V
0
gt
0
......(1)
and e = o t
0
=
R
gt 2
0

......(2)
For pure rolling to take place
V = Re
i.e., V
0
2t
o
= 2t
o
t
0
=
g 3
V
0

## Substituting in Eq. (1), we have

Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 61
V = V
0
g |
|
.
|

\
|
g 3
V
0
V =
3
2
V
0
Work done by friction
For t s t
0
, linear velocity of disc at any time t is V = V
0
gt and angular velocity is e = at =
R
gt 2
. From
work-energy theorem, work done by friction upto time t = Kinetic energy of the disc at time t Kinetic energy
of the disc at time t = 0
W =
2
1
mV
2
+
2
1
Ie
2

2
1
mV
0
2
=
2
1
m [V
0
gt]
2
+
2
1

|
.
|

\
|
2
mR
2
1

2
2
gt 2
|
.
|

\
|

2
1
mV
0
2
=
2
1
[mV
0
2
+ m
2
g
2
t
2
2mV
0
gt + 2m
2
g
2
t
2
mV
0
2
]
or W =
2
gt m
[3gt 2V
0
]
For t > t
o
, friction force is zero i.e., work done in friction is zero. Hence, the energy will be conserved.
Therefore, total work done by friction over a time t much longer then t
0
is total work done upto time t
0
(be-
cause beyond the work done by friction is zero) which is equal to
W =
2
gt m
0

[3gt
0
2V
o
]
Substituting t
0
= V
0
/3g, we get
W =
6
mV
0
[V
0
2V
0
]
W =
6
mV
2
0
t = 0 t = t
0
- -, ri i^ i i l ri ri r | ;l ii i f i i i r ( lin- r |
ii n mg r | t > t
0
, - l, ii i f i r | i l i , i i ^ln ii ri ^; r | ii n ri
l i - i ; l (i -i ^ln) ri r |
;l t < t
0
l
ii -(i , o =
m
f
= g (f = mg)
i i ii -(i, o =
I
t
=
2
mR
2
I
R f
=
R
g 2
V ii ( ^ r i e i ii ( ^ r | n t = t
0
ni i
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 62
V = V
0
at
0
= V
0
gt
0
......(1)
i e = o t
0
=
R
gt 2
0

......(2)
i , i i l
V = Re
ii n V
0
2t
o
= 2t
o
t
0
=
g 3
V
0

-ii (1), - i , r- in n r
V = V
0
g |
|
.
|

\
|
g 3
V
0
V =
3
2
V
0
?k"kZ .k cy }kjk fd;k x;k dk;Z
t s t
0
l, li - t ni i ii ( ^ V = V
0
gt r i i ii ( ^ e = at =
R
gt 2
r | i +i -
, t - - ii i ,ii li ^i i = t - ni i ^ln +i - (t = 0) ni i ^ln +i
W =
2
1
mV
2
+
2
1
Ie
2

2
1
mV
0
2
=
2
1
m [V
0
gt]
2
+
2
1

|
.
|

\
|
2
mR
2
1

2
2
gt 2
|
.
|

\
|

2
1
mV
0
2
=
2
1
[mV
0
2
+ m
2
g
2
t
2
2mV
0
gt + 2m
2
g
2
t
2
mV
0
2
]
i W =
2
gt m
[3gt 2V
0
]
t > t
o
l, ii i i r | ii i ,ii li ^i i i r | n +i ln r ^i|
;l, t - - ii i ,ii li ^i i t
0
n li ^i i r | (i l ; i ii i ,ii
li ^i i i r |)
W =
2
gt m
0

[3gt
0
2V
o
]
t
0
= V
0
/3g, i r- in n r
W =
6
mV
0
[V
0
2V
0
]
W =
6
mV
2
0
8. Let M be the mass of unwound carpet. Then ,
-ii li - i i i -i M n
M

=
|
.
|

\
|
2
R
M

t
2
2
|
.
|

\
| R
=
4
M
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 63
R/2
R
M
M
v
From conservation of mechanical energy :
i li +i -ii l-
MgR M

g
2
R
=
2
1
|
.
|

\
|
4
M
v
2
+
2
1
I e
2
or i MgR
|
.
|

\
|
4
M
g
|
.
|

\
|
2
R
=
8
Mv
2
+
2
1
|
|
.
|

\
|

4 4 2
1
2
R M

2
R/2
v
|
.
|

\
|
or i
8
7
MgR =
16
3Mv
2
v =
3
Rg 14
12. e
0
= 600 rpm = 20 t rad/sec
t = 10 sec
e = e
0
ot
0 20p a 10
o = 2p a 10
2
2
at t = 5
w = w
0
at
e = 20t 2t 5
e
0
13. When F is maximum equation. of rotational equilibrium.
F lin- r n i i ii(-ii -ii
F.R. = (N
1
+ N
2
) R .............(1)
For equilibrium in horizontal direction
-iln lii - ii(-ii l
f
1
= N
2
= N
1
............(2)
In vertical direction +( lii l
F + N
1
= mg
F = [(mg F) + (mg F)]
2
1
(

+ ) F mg (
2
1
) F mg (
(

=
2
1
putting
(

= i
2
1

F (

+ +
2
1
2
1
1
=
4
3
mg
F =
8
3
mg =
8
3
w = 6
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 64
14.
w
0
v
0
A
mg
Torque about point A l A i -i ii i
( mg) R =
o . mR
5
2
2
o = |
|
.
|

\
|
R 2
g 5
v = u + at
0 = v
0
gt
t =
|
|
.
|

\
|
g
v
0
e = e
0
+ ot
0 = e
0

P 2
g 5
.
g
v
0

=
R 2
v 5
0
15.
e
2
= 0
e t
1
A
B
e
f
e
(a
1
= a
2
)
fR = Io
1
fR = Io
2
o
1
= o
2
= 2t red/sec
2
For A cylinder A l : e = e
0
ot
e = 100t 2tt ...(i)
For B cylinder B l e = e
0
ot e
0
= 0
e = ot
e = 2t t ....(ii)
From (i) and (ii) -ii (i) nii (ii) e = 100 t e
2e = 100t
e = 50t
From (ii) euqation -ii (ii) 50 t = 2 tt
t = 25 sec
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 65
EXERCISE # 3
1.3 In all four situation of column-I, angular momentum of the disc about its point of contact on ground is
conserved. Take angular momentum out of the paper as positive
(A) Initial angular momentum about its point of contact on ground =
2
1
mR
2
e
o
mR(2Re
o
) = negative. Hence
final state of the disc is as shown if figure B.
Hence angular velocity shall first decrease and then increase in opposite sense. The velocity of
centre shall decrease till the disc starts rolling without slipping.
(B) The initial angular momentum about its point of contact on ground =0.
Hence angular speed and velocity of centre simultaneously reduce to zero without a change in direction.
(C) Because v
0
> Re
0,
velocity of centre of mass will decrease and angular velocity will increase without
a change in direction till disc starts rolling without slipping.
(D) Because v
0
< Re
0,
velocity of centre of mass will increase and angular velocity will decrease without
a change in direction till disc starts rolling without slipping.
-ni-I i ii i l-ilni - , -i l ln ni i iii (^ l-in r| ir i i i ii
( ^ i ii-- n r |
(A) -i l ln ili i ii (^ =
2
1
mR
2
e
o
mR(2Re
o
) = ~ii-- ;l ni i ln-
(-ii lii i liii ^; r (li B - )
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 66
;l i ii ( ^ r i- ^i nii l l(in lii - ^i| i ( ^ ni li l i -i ^ln
n i-^i|
(B) -i l ln ili i ii ( ^ = 0
;l i i ii i nii ( ^ li lii l(n ii i ri in r |
(C) l v
0
> Re
0
li lii l(n (^ i-^i nii iii (^ ^i n ni li l i-i ^ln ni r|
(D) l v
0
< Re
0
li lii l(n -i i ( ^ ^i nii i ii ( ^ i- ^i n ni li l
i -i ^ln ni r |
2.4 Moment of inertia of one rod about the axis of frame
- i -i i -i i -( ii i -
=
12
L
4
m
2
|
.
|

\
|
+
2
2
L
4
m
|
.
|

\
|
=
|
.
|

\
|
+
4
1
12
1
L
4
m
2
=
12
L m
2
Moment of inertia of frame - i -( ii i = ML
2
/3.
2.6 (For the above two questions) mijks Dr nks uks a iz 'uks a dk
Newton's law applied on C.M. gives -i - l-
mg sinu f = ma .... (1)
Writing t = Io about C.M., we have -i ln ii i t = Io
f.
2
L
=
3
mL
2
o .... (2)
from the condition of rolling, we have i -i ^ln i l-iln - a =
2
L
o .... (3)
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 67
from leh- (1), (2) and rFkk (3) ls f =
5
sin mg 2 u
and rFkk a =
5
3
g sin
3.1 (vi) (False) No slipping means static friction.
l ri ii n -i ln ii i
4.1 (i) under the given conditions only posibility is that friction is upwards and it accelerates downwards as shown
below :
l ^; l-iln - -- r l ii i ( + i i ^ ni r nii ;i -(i i i i ri ^i|
The equations of motion are :
^ln i -ii
a =
m
f sin mg u
=
m
f 30 sin mg
=
2
g

m
f
.......(1)
o =
I
t
=
I
fR
=
2
mR
fR
2
=
mR
f 2
......(2)
For rolling (no slipping)
i , i -i ^ln l
a = Ro or i g/2 f/m = 2f/m

m
f 3
= g/2 or i f = mg/6
(iii) Talking moments about of point O : l O i -i ii i
mg
f
F
O
N
3a
4
a
2
Moment of N (normal reaction) and f (force of friction) are zero. In critical case normal reaction will pass through
O. To tip about the edge, moment of F should be greater than moment of mg. or,
N (li ) nii f (iii ) iii i r| >iln l-iln - li l O ^ ^i| li i-i
l F i ii i mg ii i li ri i ilr| ii n
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 68
EXERCISE # 4
PART - I
1.
V V
e
e
A
A B
Before collision
=e
A
B
After collision
Since it is head on elastic collision between two identical balls , they will exchange their linear velocities
i.e. A comes to rest and B starts moving with linear velocity v . As there is no friction anywhere , torque on
both the spheres about their centre of mass is zero and their angular velocities remain unchanged. Therefoere
e
A
= e and e
B
= 0.
i l r i -i ^ i - - i - r n i i ii ( ^ i i(ni n ^i|
ii n A l(i- - i i ^i i B ii ( ^ v ^ln-i ri i ^i i l ri i ; ii i ri r n i i -i i
i -i i -i ii i i ri ^i nii i ii ( ^ i( nin r ^ | l e
A
= e nii e
B
= 0.
2. From the theorem
V=Re
e
Y
X
O
(a)
) V r ( M L L
com 0

+ = .......(1)
We may write
L
0
= I
e
+ MRV
=
2
1
MR
2
e + MR(Re) V
e
Y
X
O
(b)
=
2
3
MR
2
e
Note that in this case both the terms in equation (1) i.e.
com
L

and M ) V r (

## have the same direction

.
That is why we have used L
0
= I
e
+ MRV. We will use L
0
= I e ~ MRV if they are in opposite directions
shown in figure (b).
-
V=Re
e
Y
X
O
(a)
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 69
) V r ( M L L
com 0

+ = .......(1)
r- li n r | l
O i -i i ii ( ^ = COM i ii ( ^ + COM i O i -i i ii ( ^
L
0
= I
e
+ MRV
=
2
1
MR
2
e + MR(Re)
V
e
Y
X
O
(b)
=
2
3
MR
2
e
; l-iln - ii (1) i i
com
L

i M ) V r (

i lii -i ri ^i

i i n ; ii r- L
0
=
I
e
+ MRV i i ^ ^ | l i i l(in lii - r ni li (b) i L
0
= I e ~ MRV i i ^ ^i|
3. We can choose any arbitray directions of frictional forces at different contacts.In the final answer the
negative values will show the opposite directions
Let f
1
= friction between plank and cylinder
f
2
= friction between cylinder and ground
a
1
= acceleration of plank
a
2
= acceleration of centre of mass of cylinder
and o = angular acceleration of cylinder about its COM.
Directions of f
1
and f
2
are as shown here -
Since there is no slipping anywhere
a
1
= 2a
2
......(1)
( Acceleration of plank = acceleration of top point of cylinder )
a
1
=
2
1
m
f F
........(2)
o
m
1
f
1
a
2
f
2
a
2
=
1
2 1
m
f f +
.........(3)
o =
( )
I
R f f
2 1

( I = moment of inertia of cylinder above COM.)
a =2a
1 2
a
2
=
2
1
2 1
R m
2
1
R ) f f (
o =
R m
) f f ( 2
1
2 1

......(4)
a
2
= Ro =
1
2 1
m
) f f ( 2
.....(5)
a
2
Ro
( Accelaration of bottom most point of cylinder = 0 )
(a) Solving (1), (2), (3) and (5), we get-
a
1
=
2 1
m 8 m 3
F 8
+
and a
2
=
2 1
m 8 m 3
F 4
+
Ans.
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 70
(b) f
1
=
2 1
1
m 8 m 3
F m 3
+
f
2
=
2 1
1
m 8 m 3
F m
+
Ans.
r- l(li i li ii lii - ii i i lii -i n r | ln- (i - ~ii-- -i l(ln lii
i nini r
-ii f
1
= i i - ii i
f
2
= i - ii i
a
1
= i i -(i
a
2
= -i i -(i
i o = i ; COM i -i i ii -(i
f
1
i f
2
i lii lii i ri ^i -
i l ri i ; l ri r |
a
1
= 2a
2
......(1)
( i i -(i = n- l i -(i )
a
1
=
2
1
m
f F
........(2)
o
m
1
f
1
a
2
f
2
a
2
=
1
2 1
m
f f +
.........(3)
o =
( )
I
R f f
2 1

( I = i COM i -i -( ii i )
a =2a
1 2
a
2
=
2
1
2 1
R m
2
1
R ) f f (
o =
R m
) f f ( 2
1
1 1

......(4)
a
2
= Ro =
1
1 1
m
) f f ( 2
.....(5)
a
2
Ro
( n- l (nr ) i -(i = 0 )
(a) (1), (2), (3) nii (5), i r in ^ -
a
1
=
2 1
m 8 m 3
F 8
+
nii a
2
=
2 1
m 8 m 3
F 4
+
Ans.
(b) f
1
=
2 1
1
m 8 m 3
F m 3
+
f
2
=
2 1
1
m 8 m 3
F m
+
Ans.
4.
M
a
a
V
O
M
c
r
O
e
Net torque about O is zero.
O i -i ii i i r |
Therefore, angular momentum (L) about point O will be conserved,
n O i -i i ii ( ^ (L) l-in r ^i|
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 71
or L
i
= L
f
MV
|
.
|

\
|
2
a
= I
0
e
= (I
com
+ Mr
2
)e
=
e

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
2
a
M
6
Ma
2 2
=
3
2
Ma
2
e
e =
a 4
V 3
5. At the critical condition , normal reaction N will pass through point P. In this condition
t
N
= 0 = t
fr
the block will topple when
t
F
> t
mg
or FL > (mg)
2
L
F > mg / 2
>iln (ln-) l-iln - , li lnl>i l N l P iln ri ^i ; l-iln -
t
N
= 0 = t
fr
(P ln)
i - ^i
t
F
> t
mg
or FL > (mg)
2
L
F > mg / 2
6. Mass of the ring M = L
Let R be the radius of the ring. Then
L = 2t R or R =
t 2
L
Moment of inertia about an axis passing through O, and parallel to XX will be -
I
0
=
2
1
MR
2
Therefore, moment of inertia about XX' (from parallel axis theorem) will be given by =
2
3
MR
2
I
xx
=
2
3
(L)
|
|
.
|

\
|
t
2
2
4
L
=
2
3
8
L 3
t

( i -i M = L
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 72
-ii ( i lii R r n L = 2t Ror R =
t 2
L
O ^ (ii (ii XX' -in -i i -i -( ii i I
0
=
2
1
MR
2
n XX' i -i -( ii i (-in -i - ) l - li ini r =
2
3
MR
2
I
xx
=
2
3
(L)
|
|
.
|

\
|
t
2
2
4
L
=
2
3
8
L 3
t

7. Net external torque on the system is zero. Therefore, angular momentum is conserved.
Forces acting on the system are only conservative. Therefore, total mechanical energy of the system is
also conserved.
li i= i i i r | n i ii ( ^ l-in r ^i| nii li i n -ii r | n li
i ili i l-in rni r |
8. (a) Let just after collision. Velocity of COM of rod is V and angular velocity about COM is w. Applying following
three laws
(i) External force on the system (rod + mass) in horizontal place along xaxis is zero.
V
0
COM
L
2
L
2
m
Before collision
V
e
COM
m
x
After collision
Applying conservation of linear momentum in xdirection.
mV
0
= MV ......(1)
(ii) Net torque on the system about COM of rod is zero.
Applying conservation of angular momentum about COM of rod,
we get mV
0

|
.
|

\
|
2
L
= Ie
or mV
0

2
L
=
12
ML
2
. e
or mV
0
=
6
MLe
.......(2)
(iii) Since the collision is elastic, kinetic energy is also conserved

2
1
mV
0
2
=
2
1
MV
2
+
2
1
Ie
2
or mV
0
2
= MV
2
+
12
ML
2
e
2 .
.....(3)
From equations (1) , (2) and (3), we get the following results
M
m
=
4
1
Ans (a)
(b) Point P will be at rest if xe = V
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 73
or x =
e
V
=
ML / mV 6
M / mV
0
0
or x =
6
L
AP =
2
L
+
6
L
A
V
P
e
COM
x
L
2
or AP =
3
2
L Ans (b)
(c) After time t =
0
V 3
L t
angle rotated by rod, u = et =
ML
mV 6
0
.
0
V 3
L t
= 2t
|
.
|

\
|
M
m
= 2t
|
.
|

\
|
4
1
M
m
=
4
1
u =
2
t
Therefore, situation will be as shown below :
A
V
P
e

P
e
V
A
Resultant velocity of point P will be

P
V

= 2 V = 2
|
.
|

\
|
M
m
V
0
=
4
2
V
0
=
2 2
V
0
or
P
V

=
2 2
V
0
Ans (c)
P
V
2 V
x = V e
In a complex type of motion of rigid body, we need to find two things (a) velocity of centre of mass (b)
angular velocity about centre of mass. Because by knowing these two quantities we can describe the motion
of any point on the rigid body. For example.
P
e
V
A
Velocity of point P on the figure is the vector sum of V and re.
2. In the problem, angular momentum of the system about any point will be conserved, because torque on
the system was zero about any point but we conserved it about COM, because angular velocity e of rod
3. First two equations always hold good (when placed in smooth plane) whether the collision is elastic holds
good only when collision is elastic.
4. If the collision is inelastic (or even if it is elastic), apply definition of coefficient of restitution (e) at the point
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 74
of impact
e =
approach of velocity lative Re
separation of velocity lative Re
For example, in this question,equation number (3) can be replaced by
V
0
A
COM
A
V +
L
2
e
COM
V
0
= V +
2
L
w
Because collision is elastic,therefore, e = 1 or Relative velocity of approach = Relative velocity of separation.
(a) -ii - n n i COM -i i ( ^ V r i -i i -i ii ( ^ COM e
r | l ni l-i i i ^
(i) li ( + -i) -i ln n - x-i li ir i r |
xlii - ii ( ^ -ii
mV
0
= MV ......(1)
(ii) -i i -i li ii i i r |
-i i -i i ii ( ^ -ii ,
r- in ^ mV
0

|
.
|

\
|
2
L
= Ie i mV
0

2
L
=
12
ML
2
. e
i mV
0
=
6
MLe
.......(2)
(iii) i l - -i-i r nii ^ln +i l-in r ^i|

2
1
mV
0
2
=
2
1
MV
2
+
2
1
Ie
2
i mV
0
2
= MV
2
+
12
ML
2
e
2 .
.....(3)
ii (1) , (2) i (3) r- l l-iii i in ^
M
m
=
4
1
Ans (a)
(b) l P l-i r ^i l xe = V
i x =
e
V
=
ML / mV 6
M / mV
0
0
i x =
6
L
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 75
AP =
2
L
+
6
L
i AP =
3
2
L Ans (b)
A
V
P
e
COM
x
L
2
(c) t =
0
V 3
L t
- i i i i i i u = et =
ML
mV 6
0
.
0
V 3
L t
= 2t
|
.
|

\
|
M
m
= 2t
|
.
|

\
|
4
1
M
m
=
4
1
u =
2
t
n l-ini l lii i ri ^i
A
V
P
e

P
e
V
A
l P ii-i ( ^ l ri ^i
P
V
2 V
x = V e
P
V

= 2 V = 2
|
.
|

\
|
M
m
V
0
=
4
2
V
0
=
2 2
V
0
i
P
V

=
2 2
V
0
Ans (c)
l i l- i i ^ln - r- i ilii i i i(ni ri ni r | (a) -i i ( ^ (b)
-i i -i i ii ( ^ , i l i ilii i i r- l l-in li ii l i ^ln i
iii n r | iri l
P
e
V
A
li - l P i ( ^, V nii re i li i ^ ri ^i|
2. - li ii l i -i i ii ( ^ l-in r ^i i l li li ii l i -i ii i i r |
l l ii r- i ii ( ^ i -i i -i l-in li i l r- -i i -i i e
nin i ii|
3. i- i -ii - r ( 'l n - ' ii ri ) r nii ri ^i - -i-i ri ^i|
4. l - -i-i r (i l -i-i ii r), ni -i(-ii ^ ii (e) i liiii l i -i ^i
e =
i-i ( ^ i l-i
( ^ ^i( ii l-i
iri l, ; - , -ii (3) i l ln-iiln li i ni r
V
0
A
COM
A
V +
L
2
e
COM
V
0
= V +
2
L
w
i l - -i-i r n e = 1 i i l-i i-i ( ^ = i l-i ^i( ( ^|
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 76
9. Mass of the whole disc = 4 M
Moment of inertia of the disc about the given axis
=
2
1
(4M)R
2
= 2MR
2
Moment of inertia of quarter section of the disc =
4
1
(2MR
2
) =
2
1
MR
2
These type of questions are often asked in objective. Students generally err in taking mass of the whole
disc. They take it M instead of 4 M.
i ni i -i = 4 M
i ^; -i i -i ni i -( ii i
=
2
1
(4M)R
2
= 2MR
2
ni i ii; ii^ i -( ii i =
4
1
(2MR
2
) =
2
1
MR
2
; nr lin (-n l- (ii - in r l(niii ni i -i 4 M -ii M n r |
10. Let r be the perpendicular distance of COM from the line AB and w the angular velocity of the sheet just after
collision with rubber obstacle for the first time.
Obiviously the linear velocity of COM before and after collision will be
V
i
= (r) (1 rad/s) = r and V
f
= re
i
V

and
f
V

## will be in opposite directions.

Now
Linear impulse on COM = Change in linear momentum of COM
or 6 = m(V
f
+ V
i
) = 30 (r + re)
or r(1 + e) =
5
1
.......(1)
Similarly
Angular impulse = Linear impulse perpendicular distance of impulse from AB
Hence 6 (0.5 m) = I
AB
(e +1)
[Initial angular veloctiy = 1 rad/s]
or 3 = [I
COM
+ Mr
2
] (1 + e)
or 3 = [1.2 + 30 r
2
] (1 + e) ........(2)
Solving (1) and (2) for r, we get
r = 0.4 m and r = 0.1 m
But at r = 0.4m , e comes out to be negative ( 0.5 rad/s) which is not acceptable.Therefore
(a) r = distance of COM from AB = 0.1 m Ans.
(b) Substituting r = 0.1 m in equation (1), we get e = 1 rad/s i.e., the angular veloctiy with which sheet comes
back after the first impact is 1 rad/s. Ans.
(c) Since the sheet returns with same angular velocity of 1 rad/s, the sheet will never come to rest Ans.
-ii COM i ii AB i r r ( i- - -i in ii- i i ii ( ^ e r |
--n - ( ( in COM i ii ( ^ ri ^i
V
i
= (r) (1 rad/s) = r i V
f
= re
i
V

(
f
V

l(in liii - ri ^i

## COM i li i( = COM li ( ^ - l(n

Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 77
i 6 = m(V
f
+ V
i
) = 30 (r + re) i r(1 + e) =
5
1
.......(1)
;i i
AB i -i i ii i( ^ = AB i -i i ii ( ^ - l(n
i ii i( ^ = li i( ^ i( ^ i AB i
n 6 (0.5 m) = I
AB
(e +1)
[ i li i ii ( ^ = 1 rad/s]
i 3 = [I
COM
+ Mr
2
] (1 + e)
i 3 = [1.2 + 30 r
2
] (1 + e) ........(2)
(1) ( (2) i r l r in ri ^i
r = 0.4 m ( r = 0.1 m
ln r = 0.4m , e ( 0.5 rad/s) i -i ~ii-- ini r i i( ri r | n
(a) r = COM i AB i = 0.1 m Ans.
(b) -ii (1) - r = 0.1 m -iiln in ri ^i e = 1 rad/s i.e. i- - i ii- 1 rad/s ini r
Ans.
(c) l ii- -i i ii ( ^ 1 rad/s i -ni r , n ii- ii l-ii(-ii - ri i^i| Ans.
11. mg sin u component is always down the plane whether it is rolling up or rolling down. Therefore, for no slipping,
sense of angular acceleration should also be same in both the cases. Therefore, force of friction f always act
upwards.
n r + in - i(i i in - ii - mg sinu i- n i i i ;l^n ri ni r| n l
i ri l i i ri l-ilni - i ii -(i -i lii - ri ^i| n ii i f ( + i i i ni r |
12. Since, there is no external torque, angular momentum will remain conserved. The moment of inertia will
first decrease till the tortoise moves from A to C and then increase as it moves from C and D. Therefore e
will initially increase and then decrease.
Let R be the radius of platform m the mass of disc and M is the mass of platform.
Moment of inertia when the tortoise is at A
I
1
= mR
2
+
2
MR
2
and moment of inertia when the tortoise is at B
I
2
= mr
2
+
2
MR
2
O
a r
B C
D
vt
here r
2
= a
2
+
2 2 2
] vt a R [
From conservation of angular momentum
e
0
I
1
= e(t)I
2
substituting the values we can see that variation of e(t) is nonlinear.
l i ; i; ii i ri r n i ii ( ^ l-in r ^i| -(ii i r i- ^i i A C i i ^ln
ri r | ; in r C D i i ^ln ri ri ^i n -(ii i ^i| n ii - e ^i l i- ^i|
-ii ni i lii R ( -i M r |
i A l-in r n
I
1
= mR
2
+
2
MR
2
O
a r
B C
D
vt
i B l-in r n
I
2
= mr
2
+
2
MR
2
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 78
ri r
2
= a
2
+
2 2 2
] vt a R [
i ii ( ^ -ii
e
0
I
1
= e(t)I
2
^n -ii i ln-iiln i ^ i e (t) li r |
13. (a) The distance of centre of mass (COM) of the system about point A will be :
r =
3

Therefore the magnitude of horizontal force exerted by the hinge on the body is
F = centripetal force
or F = (3m) re
2
or F = (3

m)
|
|
.
|

\
|
3

e
2
or F = 3 m
2
Ans.
(b) Angular acceleration of system about point A is
o =
A
A
I
t
=
2
m 2
2
3
) F (

|
|
.
|

\
|
COM
B

F
e o ,
A
C
y
x
3/2
=
m 4
F 3
Now acceleration of COM along x-axis is
o
X
= ro =
|
|
.
|

\
|
3

|
|
.
|

\
|
m 4
3
or a
x
=
m 4
F
Now let F
x
be the force applied by the hinge along x-axis. Then :
F
x
+ F = (3m) a
x
or F
x
+ F = (3m)
|
.
|

\
|
m 4
F
or F
x
+ F =
4
3
F or F
x
=
4
F
Ans.
Further if F
y
be the force applied by the hinge along y-axis. Then :
F
y
= centripetal force
or F
y
= 3 m
2
Ans.
(a) li ^ -(i i l A i ri ^i :
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 79
r =
3
1
n i ,ii (-n ii ln -i ln i -ii ri ^i -
F = li i i F = (3m) re
2
i F = (3

m)
|
|
.
|

\
|
3

e
2
i F = 3 m
2
Ans.
(b) l A i -i li i i ii -(i -
o =
A
A
I
t
=
2
m 2
2
3
) F (

|
|
.
|

\
|
=
m 4
F 3
COM
B

F
e o ,
A
C
y
x
3/2
COM i x -i li -(i -
o
X
= ro =
|
|
.
|

\
|
3

|
|
.
|

\
|
m 4
3
i a
x
=
m 4
F
-ii x -i li i ,ii F
x
r ni :
F
x
+ F = (3m) a
x
i F
x
+ F = (3m)
|
.
|

\
|
m 4
F
i F
x
+ F =
4
3
F or F
x
=
4
F
Ans.
l y -i li i ,ii F
y
r ni :
F
y
= li i
i F
y
= 3 m
2
Ans.
14. In uniform circular motion the only force acting on the particle is centripetal (towards center). Torque of this force
about the center is zero. Hence angular momentum about center remain conserved.
- (n ^ln - , i i n ( li i ( i i ) r | ; i ii i i -i i
r | n i -i i ii ( ^ i r |
15. Let e be the angular velocity of the rod.
Angular impulse = Change in angular momentum about centre of mass of the system
-ii i i ii i e r |
i ii i( ^ = li -i i -i i ii ( ^ - l(n
J
2
L
= I
C
e
e
M M
J=MV
(MV)
|
.
|

\
|
2
L
= (2)
|
|
.
|

\
|
4
ML
2
e e =
L
V
16. From conservation of angular momentum (Ie = constant), angular velocity will remain half. As,
K =
2
1
Ie
2
The rotational kinetic energy will become half. Hence, the correct option is (B).
i ii ( ^ (Ie = ln), -i i ii ( ^ iii ri i ^i| i l
K =
2
1
Ie
2
i i ^ln +i iii ri i ^i| n ri l(- (B) r |
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 80
17. In case of pure rolling bottommost point is the instantaneous centre of zero velocity.
Q
C
P
O e
Velocity of any point on the disc, v = re, where r is the distance of point from O.
r
Q
> r
C
> r
P
v
Q
> v
C
> v
P
Therefore, the correct option is (A).
i , i -i ^ln - ln- l i ( ^ i ni--i li r | ni li l i ( ^
v = re, ri r , O l i i r |
r
Q
> r
C
> r
P
Q
C
P
O e
v
Q
> v
C
> v
P
;l ri l(- (A) r |
18. I
0
= I
1
I
2
where I
1
= (M.I. of full disc about O)
I
2
(M.I. of small removed disc about O)
since mass o area
total of mass
disc cut of mass
=
2
2
R
9
R
=
9
1
mass of cut disc = m
I
0
=
2
R ) m 9 (
2
m
(
(
(
(
(

|
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|
2
2
3
R 2
2
3
R
(by theorem of parallel axis.)
=
2
mR 9
2
mR
2
(

+
9
4
18
1
=
2
mR 9
2

2
mR
2
=
2
mR 8
2
= 4mR
2
.
I
0
= I
1
I
2
ri I
1
= (M.I. O i -i i ni i -( ii i)
I
2
(M.I. O i -i i r-i; ^; i -i ni i)
i l -i o -i i
-i
-i ni i i-i ^;
=
2
2
R
9
R
=
9
1
i-i ^; ni i -i = m
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 81
I
0
=
2
R ) m 9 (
2
m
(
(
(
(
(

|
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|
2
2
3
R 2
2
3
R
(-iin -i - )
=
2
mR 9
2
mR
2
(

+
9
4
18
1
=
2
mR 9
2

2
mR
2
=
2
mR 8
2
= 4mR
2
.
19. Only direction of L

( L

## (i ii ( ^) i lii ln r , i l ^ii i lii l(ln n r |

20.
From equilibrium,
friction = mg N = F
t = 0 mg a = torque due to normal
Normal will produce torque
since F passes through centre its torque is zero.
i(-ii
ii i = mg N = F
-i i -i
t = 0 mg a = li ii i ii
li ii i - ^i l
F ; iii i ^ (ii i ri ni r |
21. Initial angular momentum about fixed point = mvL
final angular momentum = Ie =
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
2
2
mL
3
ML
e
where I is moment of inertia of the system about the fixed point and e is angular velocity about the fixed point.
angular momentum before collision = angular momentum after collision
mLv = L
2

|
.
|

\
|
+ m
3
M
e e =
|
.
|

\
|
+ m
3
M
L
mv
=
L ) m 3 M (
mv 3
+
ili i ii ( ^ l i -i = mvL
ln- i ii ( ^ = Ie =
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
2
2
mL
3
ML
e
ri I li i l i -i -( ii i r i e i l i -i i ii ( ^ r |
- r i ii ( ^ = - i i ii ( ^
mLv = L
2
|
.
|

\
|
+ m
3
M
e e =
|
.
|

\
|
+ m
3
M
L
mv
=
L ) m 3 M (
mv 3
+
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 82
22. 2/5 MR
2
= 1/2 Mr
2
+ Mr
2
2/5 MR
2
= 3/2 Mr
2
r
2
=
15
4
R
2
r =
15
R 2
23.*
q
r
f
necessary torque for rolling t = fr, (frictional force provides this torque)
as mg sin u f = ma
but a = ro mg sin u f = mro
as t = fr = Io o = fr/I
mg sin u f = mrfr/I = 5f/2
|
|
.
|

\
|
= I
5
mr 2
2
mg sin u =
2
f 7
thus friction increases the torque in hence the angular velocity and decreases the linear velocity.
If u decreases friction will decrease.
q
r
f
l i( ii i t = fr, (ii i r ii i i ni r)
i l mg sin u f = ma
n a = ro mg sin u f = mro
i l t = fr = Io o = fr/I
mg sin u f = mrfr/I = 5f/2
|
|
.
|

\
|
= I
5
mr 2
2
mg sin u =
2
f 7
; i ii i ii i ,ii i ii ( ^ i ini r ( ii ( ^ i i-ini r |
l u i-ni r ii i i- ^i|
24*. As total mechanical energy at points A,B and C will be constant
c
A
= c
B
= c
C
mgh
A
+ K
A
= K
B
= mgh + K
C
K
B
> K
A
(mgh
A
+ K
A
= K
B
)
and K
B
> K
C
(mgh
C
+ K
C
= K
B
)
Also h
A
h
C
=
mg
K K
A C

when mgh
A
+ K
A
= mgh
C
+ K
C
if h
A
> h
C
K
C
> K
A
(if LHS is positive then RHS have to be positive)
i l i li +i l A,B ( C ln ri ^i|
c
A
= c
B
= c
C
mgh
A
+ K
A
= K
B
= mgh + K
C
K
B
> K
A
(mgh
A
+ K
A
= K
B
)
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 83
nii K
B
> K
C
(mgh
C
+ K
C
= K
B
)
l h
A
h
C
=
mg
K K
A C

mgh
A
+ K
A
= mgh
C
+ K
C
l h
A
> h
C
K
C
> K
A
(l LHS ii-- r ni RHS ii ii-- ri i ilr)
25. (As collision is elastic)
F =
mV 2
1
mV 2
dt
dP
= =
|
.
|

\
|
+
4
b
2
b
100
= 2mV
4
b 3
100 = Mg
2
b
V = 10 m/s
i l - -i-i r
F =
mV 2
2
b
x a x n
dt
dP
|
.
|

\
|
=
i ln ii i i n ln ,
i ln ii i = n
|
.
|

\
|

2
b
a
(2mv)
4
b 3
= Mg
2
b
; -ii i ln-iiln r- in r ,
V = 10 m/s
26.
2
1
2
kx
2
1
) 2 (
2
1
= e I
2
2
2
kx
2
1
2
2
1
= e I
2
1
x
x
=
2
27. Apply conservation of angular momentum
ii ( ^ -ii l- ^i
(I 2e) + (2I e) = (I + 2I) e
e =
3
4e
For Disc A ni A l
t t = I (2e e)
t =
t 3
2 e I
28. Initial Kinetic Energy k
1
=
2
1
I (2e)
2
+
2
1
2I e
2
Final Kinetic Energy k
2
=
2
1
I e
2
+
2
1
2I e
2
Loss of Kinetic Energy= k
1
k
2
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 84
=
3
2
e I
ili ^ln i k
1
=
2
1
I (2e)
2
+
2
1
2I e
2
ln- ^ln i k
2
=
2
1
I e
2
+
2
1
2I e
2
^ln i - ;i = k
1
k
2
=
3
2
e I
29. From the conservation of energy
loss in KE of body = Gain in potential energy
2
1
mv
2
+
2
1
I
2
r
v
|
.
|

\
|
= mg
4
3

2
g
v
on solving
I =
2
mr
2
The body is a disc
i -ii l-
(-n i ^ln i - ;i = l-iln i - (l,
2
1
mv
2
+
2
1
I
2
r
v
|
.
|

\
|
= mg
4
3

2
g
v
r I =
2
mr
2
(-n ni r
30. If torque external = 0, then angular momentum = constant = Ie
l i= ii i = 0, ni i ii ( ^ = ln = Ie
31. The acceleration of centre of mass of either cylinder
a =
2
2
R
K
1
sin g
+
u
where K is radius of gyration.
So acceleration of centre of hollow cylinder
is less than that of solid cylinder.
Hence time taken by hollow cylinder will be more.
So statement-1 is wrong.
li -i i -(i
a =
2
2
R
K
1
sin g
+
u
ri K i i lii r |
;l ii i i -(i -i
-(i - r | n ii i ,ii li ^i -
li r | ;l i -1 - r |
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 85
32. Applying equation of torque about lowest point
ln- l ii i i -ii ^i
(2Kx) R =
o |
.
|

\
|
2
MR
2
3
oR =
M 3
Kx 4
as there is no slipping
l i ; l ri r |
a = o

R =
M 3
Kx 4

Net force = Ma =
3
Kx 4
Which is directed opposite to displacement
i l l(-ii l(in r |
F
net
=
3
Kx 4
33. F
net
=
3
kx 4

= M(e
2
x)
e =
M 3
k 4
34.
2
1
MV
0
2
+
2
1
2
0
2
R
V
2
MR
|
.
|

\
|
=
2
1
(2K)x
2
max
=
2
3
MV
0
2
= 2kx
2
max
x
max
=
K
MV
4
3
2
0
At extreme position, friction will have maximum value.
- l-iln , ii i lin- ri ^i|
2kx
max
f
max
= max
x
3
k 4
f
max
=
3
2
kx
max
Mg =
K
MV
4
3
k
3
2
2
0
Mg = 0
V M
3
K
|
|
.
|

\
|
V
0
=
K
M 3
g
35. (A) Since there in no resultant external force, linear momentum of the system remains constant.
(B) Kinetic energy of the system may change.
(C) Angular momentum of the system may change as in case of couple, net force is zero but torque is not zero.
Hence angular momentum of the system is not constant.
(D) Potential energy may also change.
(A) l lii-i i= ri r li i ii ( ^ ln r ^i,
(B) li i ^ln +i l(ln n ri ni r |
(C) li i i ii ( ^ l(ln n ri ni r i l - i l-iln - , i rini r ln ii i i
ri ri ni r | n li i i ii ( ^ ln ri ri ni r |
(D) l-iln +i ii l(ln n ri ni r |
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 86
36*.
) i

( R ) i

( V V
A
e + =

; i

V V
B
=

; i

R i

V V
C
e + =

R 2 V V
A C
e =

2| | )] i

( R ) i

( V ) i

( V [ 2 V V
C B
e =

= 2eR(
i

)
Hence n
A C
V V

= ) V V ( 2
C B

so ;l | V V |
A C

= | ) V V ( 2 |
C B

B C
V V

= eR( i

)
A B
V V

= eR( i

)
A B B C
V V V V

=
Hence n ) i

( R 2 V V
A C
e =

A B B C
V V V V

= ;
B
V 4

= 4V( i

) = 4eR ( i

)
Hence n ) V ( 2 V V
B A C

=
37. Angle of repose u
0
= tan
1
= tan
1
3
= 60
tanu =
2 / 15
5
=
3
2
. u < 45.
Block will topple before it starts slide down.
l(iln i i u
0
= tan
1
= tan
1
3
= 60
tanu =
2 / 15
5
=
3
2
. u < 45.
i i l r r - i ^i
38.
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 87
2 0.5 N(0.5) = 2(2) (0.5)
2

0.3
0.5
2 2 = 1.2
0.8 = 2
= 0.4
39.
2
2 2
2 2 a
I mR 2 2 mR m
5 5
2
( | |
| |
( |
= + +
|
( |
\ .
\ .
a/ 2
2 2 2
4 4
I mR mR ma
5 5
= + +
=
2 2
8
mR ma
5
+
=
4 4
8 1 5 1
10 16 10
5 2 4 2

+
[1 + 8] 10
4
= 9 10
4
40. Only when we neglect the friction of ground during the collision we will get
the following solution
Using momentum conservation for system
0.1 20 2 1 = 0 + 2v
V = 0
Applying angular momentum conservetion about lowest point
0.1 20 0.75 2 1 0.5 2(0.5)
2
2 = 0.1 10 0.25 3 + 2V (0.5) + 2(0.5)
2
e
1.5 1 1 = 0.433 + 0.5e
e = 1.866
This means final state will be as below

So friction will act in left direction after collision & Ring will perform pure rotation about C.M as
V = 0
41. t =
dt
d
dt
dL
=
2
2
ML
m(vt)
12
| |
+ |
|
\ .
when 0 < t < T
t = 2 mv
2
t
and for t > T ; L = constant
t = 0
So Graph is
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 88
42.

L
About point O remain constant because both direction and maguitude of

0
L
ramain same with time

L
About point P varries with time because direction of

P
L
changes with time (Magnitude of

P
L
remain same)
43. I
0

2
4M(2R)
2

2
2
MR
MR
2
| |
+ |
|
\ .
I
0
= 8 MR
2
1.5 MR
2
= 6.5 MR
2
I
P
I
=
2
) R 2 ( M 4
2
+ 4 M (2R)
2

( )
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
2
R 5 M
2
MR
2
2
I
P
= 8MR
2
+ 16 MR
2
3MR
2
I
P
= 21 MR
2
Q
I
I
P
=
2
2
MR 5 . 6
MR 21
=
13
42
= 3
44.
w.r.t ground V
y
of both pebbles are same and V
x
are different
V
x
)
Q
~ 0 and V
x
)
P
~ eR ) i

(
So pebble Q is landed between O and R
So pebble Q lands in unshaded region
and minimum distance of line AA' for point P is
2
R
which is greater than R/2 so pebble P lands in shaded
region.
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 89
Jee Answer (A or B) because no shade was their in some code.
45.
Q V

=
Q/ p V

+
p V

P
P Q/ P Q/ p in (r r ) r r e + = e + e

Q/ P Q/ p in r r e = e

Q/ p i n ( ) r 0 e e =

in e = e

Alternative :
when one Rotation conpletes diamter SR of the disc also rotation by one revoluter about instantaners axis
SO e
in
=

e
Similorly in second case also e
in
= e
46. As e

## is vertical so instantaneous axis for both cases will be vertical becauses

in e = e

47. About point A by t = I o
mg sin u R = (I
0
+ mR
2
) o
o =
I
2
0
mgsin
mR
u
+
I
0
)
P
> I
0
)
Q
So o
P
< o
Q
also e
P
< e
Q
(by e
2
= e
0
2
+ 2ou)
and a
P
< a
Q
t
P
> t
Q
also T.K.E
P
< T.K.E
Q
So
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 90
48. Since system is rolling purely, so com has linear velocity i

R 3 e = i

R 3e
Now, for the velocity of point P
net P
V

=
k

R
4
3
i

R
4
1
3 e + e |
.
|

\
|
= k

R
4
3
i

R
4
11
e + e
PART - II
1. Conservation of angular momentum gives
2
2 2
1
2
MR 2 MR
2
1
MR
2
e |
.
|

\
|
+ = e
1

2
1
MR
2
e
1
=
2
1
R
2
(M + 4m) e
2
e
2
= 1
m 4 M
M
e |
.
|

\
|
+
2. Since the inclined plane is frictionless , then there will be no rolling and the mass will only slide down
Hence acceleration a = g sinu is same for solid sphere, hollow sphere and ring.
3. We know that M.I. of a circular wire of mass M and radius R about its diameter is
2
MR
2
5. Mass of disc (X), mx = tR
2
t
Where = density of material of disc
l
X
=
2
1
m
X
R
2
=
2
1
R
2
t R
2
l
X
=
2
1
t R
4
.......(i)
Again mass of disc (Y)
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 91
m
y
= t = (4R)
2
4
t
= 4tR
2
t
and l
Y
=
2
1
m
Y
(4R
2
) =
2
1
4tR
2
t .16R
2
l
Y

= 32tt

R
4
......(ii)
4
4
X
Y
tR
2
1
R t 32
l
l
t
t
=
= 64
l
Y

= 64 l
x
6. Angular momentum
L = Ie ......(i)
Kinetic energy
K =
2
1
Ie
2
=
2
1
Le|from equation (i)|
L =
e
K 2
Now, L' =
e
|
.
|

\
|
2
2
K
2
L' =
4
L
7. F r

= t implies that r, F and t all are mutually perpendicular to each other. .

0 r . = t

,
0 . F = t

8. In free space, neither acceleration due to gravity nor external torque act on the rotating solid sphere.
Therefore, taking the same mass of sphere if radius is increased then moment of inertia, rotational kinetic
energy and angular velocity will change but according to law of conservation of momentum, angular momentum
will not change.
9. Let same mass and same outer radii of solid sphere and hollow sphere are M and R respectively.
The moment the moment of inertia of hollow sphere (spherical shell) B about its diameter
I
A
=
5
2
MR
2
...................(i)
Similarly the moment of inertia of hollow sphere (spherical shell) B about its diameter
I
B
=
5
2
MR
2
...................(ii)
It is clear from eqs. (i) and (ii), I
A
< I
B
10. ma
1
=
1
2
1
R
mv
........ (i)
and ma
2
=
2
2
2
R
mu
........ (ii)
r
2
a
2
R
2
u = R e
1
u
2
= R e
2
R
1
a
1
and
2
1
2
1
ma
ma
F
F
=
= 2 2
2
2
mR
R
e

2
1
2
1
R
R
F
F
=
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 92
11. The mass of complete (circular) disc is
M + M = 2M
The moment of inertia of disc is
I =
2
Mr 2
2

O
= Mr
2
Let the moment of inertia of semicircular disc is I
1
.
The disc may be assumed as combination of two semicircular parts.
Thus, I
1
= I I
1
I
1
=
2
Mr
2
I
2
=
12. For pure translatory motion, net torque about centre of mass should be zero. Thus
F

## is applied at centre of mass

of system.
P =
l
l
l l
l l l
3
2
2
2 . 0
2
=
+
+
=
3
2l

i
P
(0, 2 ) l
C
|
.
|

\
|
3
2
, 0
l
PC =
|
.
|

\
|
+ l
l
l
3
2
=
3
4l
13. L
i
= L
r
mR
2
e = (mR
2
+ 2MR
2
)e'
e' =
|
.
|

\
|
+
e
M 2 m
m
.
14. I = 2m (/
2
)
2
+ m(
2
)
2
= 3m
2
.
15. I
AC
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
6
M
2
1
2

=
12
M
2

, I
EF
=
12
M
2

, I
AC
= I
EF
.
16. mg sinu = ma
CM
..........(i)
.R = Io ..........(ii)
a
CM
= Ro ..........(iii)
On solving (i),(ii) & (iii)
a
CM
=
2
MR
1
sin g
I
+
u
.
17. Central force is directed towards a point, therefore torque of the central force is zero.
18. I
A
= I
cm
+ m
2
2
a
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
6
ma
2
+
2
ma
2
=
3
2
ma
2
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 93
19.
2
1
Ie
2
= mgh
2
1

|
|
.
|

\
|
3
m
2

e
2
= mgh
h =
g 6
2 2
e
20.
i ii ( ^ = m
)
`

|
.
|

\
|
u u u u
2
0 0 0 0
gt
2
1
t sin V ) cos V ( ) t cos V )( gt sin v (
=
2
1
mg V
0
t
2
cos u
0

k

(1) mg v
0
t
2
cos u j

(2) mg v
0
t cos u
k

(3)
2
1
mg v
0
t
2
cos u
k

(4)
2
1
mg v
0
t
2
cos u
i

where j

, i

and
k
are unit vectors along x, y and z-axis respectively. .
21. Applying the law of conservation of angular momentum, L = Ie = constant
As the insect moves from the rim to the centre, I decreases, e increases. Further on onward journey from center
to rim, I increases e decreases.
Rise Academy, 607/608-A, Talwandi , Kota (Raj.) -324005. 94
22.
T R = I o
T R =
2
1
mR
2

R
a
.......(i)
mg T = ma ......(ii)
a =
3
g 2
23. Given tangential force, F = (20t 5t
2
)
F R = I o
20t 5t
2
) 2 = 10 o
o = 4t t
2
dt
de
=4t t
2
dt ) t t 4 ( d
2
} }
= e
e = 2t
2

3
t
3
......(i)
when direction of motion is reversed, then e = 0.
t = 6 sec
From (i)
dt
du
= 2t
2

3
t
3
} } |
|
.
|

\
|
= u
u 6
0
3
2
0
dt
3
t
t 2 d
u = 36
Number of rotation =
t
=
t
u
2
36
2
= 5.73