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Todd$Polansky$

$$ $ Animal'Farm:$$A$Fable$to$Change$Our$Ways$ $ $ Animal'Farm, $ was$written$by$George$Orwell$and$publi
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Animal'Farm:$$A$Fable$to$Change$Our$Ways$
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Animal'Farm, $ was$written$by$George$Orwell$and$publi shed$in$nineteen$forty >

six.$$Animal'Farm$ is$a$fable;$ which$is$a$story$that$provides$the$reader$ with$ some$type$

of$moral$or$lesson.$$ Fables$also$include$animals$that$possess$human$qualities$such$as$

walking$and$talking.$$This$is$also$called$anthropomorphism.$George$Orwell$uses$an$

interesting$narration$technique$so$that$the$reader$is$able$to$see$all$viewpoints$of$the$

story.$$The$technique$that$Orwell$uses$to$narrate$the$story$is$third$person$

omniscient.$$Instead$of$having$one$point$of$view$in$the$story,$t he$reader$is$able$to$see$

all $ points$of$view.$$This$is$important$because$there$are$several$different$animals$in$

Animal'Farm,$so$we$get$to$see$the$view$of$all$of$the$animals$equally.$$The$most$

important$part$about$Animal'Farm' is$that$it$is$an$allegory.$$An$a llegory$is$a$symbolic$

representation$of$another$event,$or$an$event$that$directly$alludes$to$something$else.$$

The$event$that$Animal'Farm' is$an$a llegory$ for$is$the$Russian$Revolution$of$1917.$$

Animal$Farm$also$ alludes$to$many$of$the$key$figures$in$the$Russian$Revolution$too. $

$ Animal'Farm' begins$with$“Old$Major,”$an$old$Berkshire$Bore$giving$a$speech$

in$the$barn.$$He$gathers$all$of$the$animals$and$then$gives$a$speech$to$the$animals$

about$how$they$have$been$mistreated$and$that$they$deserve$better$than$the$way$

that$ their$owner:$$Mr.$Jones,$had$been$treating$them.$$

$ Old$Major$is$an$allusion$to$possibly$two$figures$in$the$Russian$Revolution.$$

One$is$Karl$Marx,$w ho$wrote$the$Communist$Manifesto,$and$Vladimir$Lenin$who$led$

the$Russian$Revolution$before$his$death.$$Karl$Marx$is$the$father$of$Communism,$and$

Old$Major$eventually$develops$ Animalism,$which$ is$symbolic$of$communism.$$

Vladimir$Lenin$returns$from$Germany$a nd$leads$the$Russian$Revolution,$but$dies$in$

1924,$similar$to$Old$Major,$who$dies$right$before$the$revolt$begins? $

$ The$revolt$on$the$farm$begins,$and$then$Mr.$Jones$is$removed$from$being$the$

leader$of$Manor$Farm.$$Mr.$Jones$is$an$allusion$to$Nicholas$II.$$ Nicholas$II$was$the$

leader$of$the$Romanov$Dynasty$in$the$Soviet$Union.$$He$had$been$a$capitalist$leader$

who$had$cared$little$about$the$workers$welfare.$$Mr.$Jones$is$an$allusion$to$Nicholas$

II$because$he$possesses$these$same$traits.$$$

$ As$the$novella$progresses,$there$are$some$other$very$important$figures$that$

allude$to$the$Russian$Revolution.$$ Napoleon$ is$a$fierce$Berkshire$Bore$who$

represents$Joseph$Stalin.$$Napoleon$begins$in$Animal'Farm$ as$a$character$that$is$

relatively$non> aggressive.$$He$eventually$ma nipulates$his$way$into$being$the$leader,$

and$removes$all$others$who$stand$in$his$way.$$He$does$this$through$using$his$vicious$

dogs$that$he$steals$from$Jessie$and$Bluebell,$two$dogs$with$whom$he$steals$their$

pups.$$He$raises$the$pups$to$become$vicious,$and$ then$uses$them$to$attack$Snowball$

and$remove$him$from$the$farm.$$Snowball$is$another$pig$ that $ similar$to$Napoleon,$

lead$the$farm.$$Snowball $ is$a$pig$of$great$ideas$and$is$an$allusion$to$Trotsky$of$the$

Russian$Revolution.$Trotsky$led$the$Bolsheviks$in$the$Russian$Revolution,$and$was$

eventually$assassinated$by$the$KGB,$Joseph$Stalin’s$secret$police$who$had$

assassinated$Trotsky.$$ These$events$are$directly$related$to$the$Russian$Revolution.$$

This$is$the$purpose$of$Fables,$they$teach$us$very$important$life$lessons$in$an$

entertaining$way.$$By$reading$ Animal'Farm,' we$are$able$to$look$at$events$in$history$

and$help$us$understand$our$world$better. $

$ To$conclude,$Fables$are$a$way$to$teach$us$a$life$lesson$about$real$events$that$

happen.$$They$are$fiction,$and$include$ani mals$that$walk$and$talk,$but$they$are$

allegorical$and$represent$real$life$characters.$$Fables$are$fun$literary$genres$that$can$

help$us$analyze$our$world.$

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