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Submitted by: Shabnam Shaheen Atia Gul Bahar Nayab Zahra Hadia Khurram Shagufta Moghal

GROUP PRESENTATION TITLE: FACTORS INFLUENCING CLASS ROOM MANAGEMENT Presentation Outline: Speaker 1: Good evening ladies and gentleman, Its a pleasure to have you all here. I am Shabnam Shaheen and today my group and I will talk to you about certain factors which influence classroom management. These factors define how the communication between the teacher and the students takes place inside the classroom. Therefore a teacher has to pay attention to them and prepare for them, before actually entering the classroom. This talk has four major points of concern. Firstly, we will have a look at the different teaching and learning roles inside the classroom. Secondly, how the timing and pace of the lesson affects classroom management. Thirdly, we will talk about the concept of Classroom Power. And the final point is how the pair work and group work is managed in the classroom. If you have any questions about any of the points, kindly note them down and we will answer them at the end of our talk. Now Atia Gul Bahar will talk to you about teaching and learning roles. Speaker 2: Good Evening. I will explain the first point of this talk. So, what are teaching and learning roles? In the modern classroom, a teacher has to assume many roles during the course of one lesson. The facility with which the teacher moves in and out of these roles is an important aspect of effective classroom management. This flexibility depends on how well the teacher understands the purpose of these roles at each stage of the lesson. If a teacher follows the PresentationPractice-Production style of lesson, she should know that at the Presentation stage, the role of teacher is of the informer and stimulator, while the students are receptive. At the Practice stage the teacher will be the organizer and monitor while students try to manipulate the language. The final Production stage requires the teacher to be the facilitator or consultant as the students actively produce new language. Successful classroom management will only take place, if the teacher effectively manages all these roles. Now, Nayab Zahra will tell you about the role of timing and pace in a lesson. Speaker 3: Hello everyone. I will tell you about the second point of this talk which is the importance of time management in a lesson. When a teacher plans a lesson, she has to decide how much time to give to each step of the lesson. This is very difficult for the novice teacher as she is not trained at predicting the time accurately. She is often side tracked and wastes valuable time. In this way she loses control of the lesson. A teacher needs to make spontaneous decisions during a lesson to complete it in time. This is known as the pace of a lesson.

Pace is very important to keep students alert, motivated and engaged with the lesson. As the experience grows a teacher becomes more efficient in setting the pace of the lesson successfully. Speaker 4: Good evening, everyone. I am Hadia Agha, and I am here to discuss the third point of our presentation, which is the concept of Classroom Power. As we all know, traditionally it is thought that the teacher knows everything in the classroom and the students know nothing. This model of education invests a great deal of power in the teacher. It is assumed that the teacher had the sole responsibility for the success of classroom learning. But as we all know, in recent years, this view has changed and more learner centered approaches are popular with the educationists. Learners are given more opportunities to make decisions about what they want to learn and how they learn it. But the responsibility of ensuring that the management of the classroom is not affected by this process lies solely on the teachers shoulders. She has to decide how much power can be efficiently given to the students and how this shift of power affects the process of learning. I hope I have made this point clear for you. Now, Shagufta Moghal will tell you all about the final point of our talk. Speaker 5: Good evening, dear audience. I will proceed with the fourth factor affecting classroom management, which is how pair and group worked are managed in the classroom. As we all know, classrooms today involve a range of interactive patterns which vary from teacher-led activities to pair work or group work; and it all depends on the learning needs, purposes and contexts of the lesson. For efficiently managing the classroom, a teacher needs to move in and out of these patterns smoothly and seamlessly. Also pair and group work different skills than the teacher-led activities. If the teacher flounders or mishandles such activities, it may lead to chaos in the classroom and seriously affect its management. This may be handled if certain practices are discussed and agreed upon with the students, so that they automatically reorganize as required. So, we can see how these transitions may affect teacher efficiency in classroom management. Ladies and gentleman, we have come to the end of our talk, and I will quickly recap for you the points that were discussed. Our first point was about the teaching and learning roles; the second one was about the importance of timing and pace in a lesson the third one talked about Classroom Power and in the last one I told you about efficiency in managing group and pair work. All these areas were discussed in context of their effect on classroom management. Now, if anyone has a question, we will be glad to answer them for you. I thank you all for listening so attentively to our talk, and wish you a pleasant evening ahead.