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2008


- 1
- 2 0 :

2 + 4 5 = 0 :

-3

2 2 + 4 5

2 3 = 7
:
3 + 4 = 3

:
- 1

2 + 4 5 = 0 :

= 2 4 = 4 4 1 5 = 16 + 20 :
= 36 > 0
:
= 5

10
2

= =1
2

4+6
2

46
2

4 36
21

4+ 36
21

+
2

= 2

= 5; 1

- 2

2 2 + 4 5 0 :

2 2 + 4 5

2 2 + 4 5

= 1

2 2

2 + 4 5 1 : 5

:
2

+
+
+

+
-

:
-3

-5

+ 4 5
2
2 2 + 4 5

+
-

= 5; 1 2; +

2 3 = 7
:
3 + 4 = 3

= 2 4 3 3 = 8 + 9 = 17 0 :

2 3
3 4

, :
= 7 4 3 3 = 28 + 9 = 37
= 2 3 7 3 = 6 21 = 15
37

17

7 3
3 4
27
33

15

37 15
17

17

17


160 . %25 :

:
%25 ::
= 120 DH

16075
100

10025
100

= 160

25
100

160 1


-I

- II

- 1 1 : 20
- 2 = 0 + 1 + + 20 :
0 = 1 2 = 4
- 1 = 2 :

0 = 3 = 5

- 2

:
-I
- 1 1 :

20
1 = 0 + = 3 + 5 = 8

: 1 :
: 2 :

-2

20 = 0 + 20 = 3 + 5 20 = 103

S = U0 + U1 + + U20 :

S :
= 21 53 = 1113

106
2

3+103

= 21

+
2

= 21

= +1

0 +20
2

= 20 0 + 1

- II

-1
:
:

q = 2 :
0 = 1 2 = 4

V0

V0

= Vn V2 = 2 V0 :

= 2

2
V0

= 4 = 2

4
1

2
V0

2
V0
2
V0

=
=

- 2 Vn n
:
p

p=0
0

= 0

= 1 2 = 2


( )10 : ( )6 ()4
.
- 1
- 2

:
- 1
( )10
:

2
10
= 10 9 = 90

- 2


26 + 24 = 6 5 + 4 3 = 30 + 12 = 42


= 3 + 3 :

-1
-2
-3

-4
-5

; ;

lim+
2
3

:
:
= 3 + 2 :
-
-

() 0 :

lim

:
- 1 :

)( lim+

)( lim

:
:
- 2:

= lim+ 3 = +
= lim 3 =
3

lim+
lim
0

3 = 3 3 + 3 3 2 = 27 + 27 = 0
2 = 2 3 + 3 2 2 = 8 + 12 = 4
0 = 0 3+3 0 2 =0

- 3-
= 3 + 3 2 = 3 + 6 = 3 + 3 2 : x
= 3 + 2 :IR
- = 3 + 2 :
= 0 3 + 2 = 0 :
3 = 0 : + 2 = 0
= 0 : = 2

= 3 + 3 :

IR

0
+
+
+

0
+

+
2

3
+2

+
4

-4

+
-

IR

-5

-1

)(

0 :

f x 0 :
( )

Cf

Cf

-3 :
3; +

= ; +