Economy of Kanpur

Challenges and Opportunities

Contents
• • • • • • • • Introduction to economy of Kanpur Timeline of Kanpur Current status How to rebuild Economy of Kanpur? For Industries For Agriculture Unorganized Sector Invest University Network

Economy of Kanpur
• • • • • Census population: 28 lakh, actual population: 50+ lakh City area: 440 sq km, Master Plan area: 1650 sq km 10th largest GDP producing city in India (PWC 2010) GDP size is nearly 20+ billion dollars 14 major sectors: Agriculture, Chemical, Leather, Plastics, Automobile, Garments - Hosiery, Aerospace, Ordinance, PanMasala, Paints, Education, Engineering Hardware, Healthcare and Media. • Most of the industries are of small or medium size with a large number of cottage industries. • Strategic location

Industries: Kanpur
• There are 120 diff types of Mandies through which majority of goods are sold. These places provide 50% competitive price to retailers upto a distance of 500 km • Most of the businesses are family business with no venture or outside funding • Labor issues are big issues. A large number of industrial units got closed due to labor unrest • Most of the industries do not want to spend any money on new technology or business practices or workers welfare. Relations are similar to British Era. • Quality and Productivity are domains which are low cost approaches to improve conditions of industries • There are a large number of industry-supporting institutions in Kanpur and most of them are dead or dysfunctional

Major industrial institutions in Kanpur
• • • • • Directorate of Industries MSMEDI, Udyog Badhu etc. NPC, KPC IIA, PIA, KIA etc. Lead Bank: Bank of Baroda

• There are a number of sector specific associations most of which are unorganized • Most of the economic activities are owned and run by families • Nearly 30,000 industrial units in the city with a good increasing rate.

Human resources
• Most of the people are unorganized workers with a sizeable number of public sector employees • Majority of population belong to poor and lower middle class. There is a good size of middle class. High class is largely insignificant. • Education is the only source of economic mobility for most of the people • Kanpur is an important education hub where large number of colleges and coaching institutions exist.

What can be done
• • • • • • • • • • Improving quality productivity Application of information systems, IT Soft power: marketing, branding, design Clusters: Horizontal-Vertical integration Establishment of new businesses Better labor policies Innovation and customization of new technologies for Kanpur Infrastructure, power Better banking services Political support: an industrialist has to bribe at least 25-30 people in order to run business which is too much

Quality Productivity
• Develop sector specific vertical maps, profile each unit, tag on the map, create web page for each of them • Make virtual clusters of each horizontal level • Develop cluster level approaches to implement 5S, Kaizen, Lean Manufacturing etc. • At each horizontal level, develop base process maps and train industrial units to create process maps • Facilitate, educate industries to collect data at all important stages/processes; analyze them • Improving quality and productivity

Example

Vertical integration

Horizontal Integration

Example

Example
• Natural or artificial threads or fibers; spinning • Yarns; mechanical finishing of yarns or ropes; warping or beaming • Weaving • Braiding; lace-making; knitting; trimmings; non-woven fabrics • Sewing; embroidering; tufting • Treatment of textiles or the like; laundering; flexible materials not otherwise provided for ……. • Ropes; cables other than electric • Source World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

Natural or artificial threads or fibers; spinning
• Mechanical treatment of natural fibrous or filamentary material to obtain fibers or filaments, e.g. for spinning • Chemical treatment of natural filamentary or fibrous material to obtain filaments or fibers for spinning; carbonizing rags to recover animal fibers • Mechanical methods or apparatus in the manufacture of artificial filaments, threads, fibers, bristles, or ribbons • Chemical features in the manufacture of artificial filaments, threads, fibers, bristles, or ribbons; apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture of carbon filaments • Preliminary treatment of fibers, e.g. for spinning • Spinning or twisting

Cluster Maps
Zakaria Papers
New Market, Chandel Gate Nankari, Sector: Textile, Level: aaaaaa Details Share SMS feeds

Sector Level Sector Level Sector Level

Other Sectors
• I will present them in later presentations
• Agriculture • Unorganized Sector • Investment University Network

Survey
• Conducted once each for Y7 & Y8 batches • Objective: Survey About Freshers’ Academic Interests | It was largely non-academic • Questions: a. Area(s) of interest or any Idea a student wants to pursue b. How to pursue interest/idea? c. Is IITK environment helpful? d. Your expectation from the institute e. Rate your dedication & level of seriousness (1 to 9) f. Level of knowledge & skills (1 to 9) g. Knowledge about Business, Politics, Economy (1 to 9) h. Do you think that knowing above is important?

Survey
a. b. c. d. e. f. • • • What do you understand by sustainable development How to integrate technology with development? Opinion about technology for mass View about clubs/groups. Any improvement you suggest Major contribution you want to make to your native places? Rate your physical fitness ( 1 to 9) Good response (Y7 60%+, Y8 ~45%) Variety of opinion, difficult to process manually, still can be summarized Students have a lot of imaginations and want to do a lot of things; if guided, can do wonders.

Learning points
• • • • • Online can be a good option No of survey questions should not be more Puzzles type questions attract more Numbers or graphics are more important than text We need local persons in each hostel who will motivate students to fill the survey form • For 1st year students: GBM is a good source. For others, online form is a better medium. Still we can try for online survey for all. • Who is conducting the survey is a major question.

Information Systems
• In context of knowledge creation, there should be scope for co-creation • Location is an important factor in every information, so it must be covered • Blog is mostly a ONE-WAY communication, so can be used for official communication. • Facebook & twitter are important media • Information which is being published need to be non-religious in its outlook • Google+ provides online streaming (through youtube) and live recording of events. It can be used for weekly news channel.

Crowdmap
• a. b. c. d. e. f. • • Locate all necessary information on maps: Historical places RSS Shakhas, teams, projects, election booths, focus areas Fault lines: zones & locations of conflict Government projects: ongoing, completed, planned Supporting/Affiliated institutions Streamlining activities at the time of calamity, accidents, riots Obtain analytical reports Open source and free cloud support, so easy to be used

News Crowdsourcing

News Crowdsourcing

History Crowdsourcing

History Crowdsourcing

History Crowdsourcing

We can crowdsource maps, data, multimedia for history, events, events, natural calamities etc.

My survey Questions
• • • • • • • • • • • 1. Which industries do not exist in Kanpur? a. Textile b. Leather c. Plastics d. Ordinance e. Chemicals f. Aerospace g. IT h. Finance i. Automobile j. Petroleum

• 2. What are the ways to widen road in front of IITK?

My survey Questions
• • • • • • • • • • • 3. Which of these are Kanpur-based automobile companies? a. LML b. JSA c. TATA d. Swaraj 4. Lal Imli is associated with? a. Wool b. Jute c. Chemical dye d. Food processing f. Tourism

My survey Questions
• 5. Which of these are tourist spots? • a. Bithoor • b. Khoa Gali • c. Meston Road • d. Nana Rao Park • e. Jajmau • f. Moti Jheel 6. Which of these are industrial areas? • a. Dadanagar • b. Vijaynagar • c. Rania • d. Panki • e. Naramau • f. Shastrinagar

My survey Questions
• 7. How is mandi different from E-commerce? • 8. What is the difference between your native place and Kanpur? If your native place is Kanpur then how is it different from Lucknow? • • • • • 9. What is your estimate of per capita income of Kanpur? a. Below 1 Lakh b. 1 Lakh to 2 Lakh c. 2 Lakh to 3 Lakh d. More than 3 Lakh

My survey Questions
• • • • • • • • 10. What are the reasons of not-growth of Kanpur? a. Lack of infra b. Absence of service sector c. Tough competition from China and other manufacturing nations d. No innovation e. Trade union politics f. Political negligence g. Industries in Kanpur are growing; the question is wrong

• 11. Would you like to invest in Kanpur?

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