Usage of Lee and Inda.

doc Page 40
Usage of ﹺ ﻝ and ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ
ﹺ ﻝ is used for relationships or parts of body.
The relationship is permanent and inseparable.
Even after death, the relationship remains (i.e. a brother/sister will always remain brother/sister, even
after death).
ﹺ ﺑ ﻱ ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ ﻥﺎﺘ ﻨ .
NOT
ﻥﺎﺘ ﻨﹺ ﺑ ﻲ ﻟ ؟ ِ ﻚﹶ ﻟ ﺎ ﺘ ﻨﹺ ﺑ ﻢﹶ ﻛ .
ٍ ﺀﺎ ﻨ ﺑﹶ ﺃ ﹸ ﺔﹶ ﺛﻼﹶ ﺛ ﻱ ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ .
NOT
ٍ ﺀﺎ ﻨ ﺑﹶ ﺃ ﹸ ﺔﹶ ﺛﻼﹶ ﺛ ﻲ ﻟ ؟ ِ ﻚﹶ ﻟ ﺎ ﻨ ﺑﺍ ِ ﻢﹶ ﻛ .
` ﺪ ﺣﺍﻭ ` ﺥﹶ ﺃ ﻱ ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ .
NOT
ﺧﹶ ﺃ ﻢﹶ ﻛ ` ﺪ ﺣﺍﻭ ` ﺥﹶ ﺃ ﻲ ﻟ ؟ ِ ﻚﹶ ﻟ ﺎ .
ﺕﺍﻮ ﺧﹶ ﺃ ﻊ ﺑ ﺭﹶ ﺃ ﻱ ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ .
NOT
ﹸ ﺃ ﻢﹶ ﻛ ﺕﺍﻮ ﺧﹶ ﺃ ﻊ ﺑ ﺭﹶ ﺃ ﻲ ﻟ ؟ ِ ﻚﹶ ﻟ ﺎ ﺘ ﺧ .
ﻥﻼ ﺟﹺ ﺭ ﻱ ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ ، ﻥﺎ ﻨ ﻴ ﻋ ﻱ ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ ، ﻥﺍﺪ ﻳ ﻱ ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ
.
NOT
ﻟ ، ﻥﺎ ﻨ ﻴ ﻋ ﻲ ﻟ ، ﻥﺍﺪ ﻳ ﻲ ﻟ ﻥﻼ ﺟﹺ ﺭ ﻲ .

ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ is used for possession of things: ﹲ ﺓﺭﺎﻴﺳ ﻱ ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ | ` ﻢﻠﻗ | ` ﺏﺎﺘﻛ | ` ﺖﻴ ﺑ
ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ = have or with or at or by.
I have a pen. = ` ﻢﹶ ﻠﹶ ﻗ ﻱ ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ
The teacher is with the head master (i.e. in his office). = ﺍ ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ ﺱﺭﺪﳌﺍ ﹸ ﳌ ﹺ ﺮﻳﺪ
We will meet at the door of the Mosque or by the door of the Mosque. = ﻋ ﻲ ﻘ ﺘﹾ ﻠ ﻨ ﺳ ﺠﺴﳌﺍ ﹺ ﺏﺎﺑ ﺪ ﻨ ﺪ

ﹺ ﻝ is also used for things when we describe that a thing has doors or wheels etc.
My car has four/two doors = ﹶ ﻟ ﰐﺭﺎﻴﺳ ﹴ ﺏﺍﻮ ﺑﹶ ﺃ ﹸ ﺔ ﻌ ﺑ ﺭﺃ ﺎ ﻬ | ﻥﺎﺑﺎﺑ ِ
The house has two doors = ﻪﻴ ﻓ ﺖﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﺑﺎﺑ . or you can also say ﻥﺎﺑﺎﺑ ﻪﹶ ﻟ ﺖﻴﺒﻟﺍ ,
ﺭﺪﻠ ﻟ ﹰ ﺔﹶ ﻠ ﺠ ﻋ ﻢﹶ ﻛ ﹶ ﺍ ﺭﺪﻠ ﻟ ؟ ﺔ ﺟ ﺍ ﹴ ﻞ ﺠ ﻋ ﹸ ﺙﻼﹶ ﺛ ﺔ ﺟ | ﹴ ﻞ ﺠ ﻋ ﹸ ﺙﻼﹶ ﺛ ﺎ ﻬﹶ ﻟ | ﺭ ﺩ ﺍ ﹴ ﻞ ﺠ ﻋ ﹸ ﺙﻼﹶ ﺛ ﺎ ﻬﹶ ﻟ ﻲﹺ ﻨ ﺑﺍ ﹸ ﺔ ﺟ
When you say … ` ﺥﹶ ﺃ ﻱ ﺪ ﻨ ﻋ it means “My brother lives with me.”

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful