Hubbell Lighting Inc

Hubbell Lighting Buyers Guide\ 9 — Technical

HID Ballast and Lamp Data - Page 7

HID Ballast and Lamp Data
Magnetic HID Ballasts
High Intensity Discharge (HID) lamps require some form of control gear (ballasts) to: (1) Provide enough voltage to strike the arc in the lamp. This function may be done with the ballast itself or with a separate electronic ignitor circuit. (2) To control the arc wattage during warm-up and normal operation. In addition ballasts may: (1) Provide a line voltage matching (transformer) function. (2) Provide enhanced lamp wattage control (regulation) with respect to changes in line voltage and/or lamp voltage. (3) Provide dimming or other control interface functions.

Two Coil Reactor
q q q q

Constant Wattage Auto-transformer (CWA) Peaked Lead Auto-transformer (PLA) Auto-Lag (AL) Constant Wattage Isolated (CWI)

Three Coil Reactor
q q

Magnetic Regulator (MR) Electro-Reg® (ER)

Magnetic Ballasts Can Be Grouped Into Three Basic Categories:
1. Linear, non-regulating circuits including reactors and Auto-Lag ballasts that provide for basic lamp operation. With the exception of the self-ballasted lamp, the linear reactor is the most basic form of ballast. Power factor will be in the 40-50% range. A capacitor can be added to get the circuit high power factor (90% or above.) Power factor remains relatively constant throughout the life of the lamp. The linear ballast provides virtually no line voltage regulation, and outages due to the line dips and brown-outs are typical. Ballast losses for reactor ballasts are lowest of magnetic ballast types. The Auto-Lag Ballast is a reactor ballast combined with a step-up or step-down auto-transformer which allows for input voltage.

and photoelectric control switches must be sized to accommodate the higher starting current. lowest harmonics. although systems are occasionally encountered which may vary as much as ±10% or more from nominal.On some ballast types. the line starting current may be considerably higher than the steady state operating value. HID Ballast Characteristics Line Current . circuit breakers. The Mag-Reg (MR) and Electro-Reg (ER) ballasts are three coil. 3. Occasionally. the expected fluctuation in the power system voltage is an important consideration in ballast selection especially where long wiring runs are involved. Power shortages may result in "brown-outs" in some areas. Another variation.The Auto-Lag ballast is a single magnetic frame two coil device. . This requires larger wire sizes. which can create lamp starting problems especially with those ballasts designed for ±5% operation. Electro-Reg is an isolated winding ballast system for Metal Halide." A low power factor ballast makes less efficient use of the distribution system. Anything less is considered "Normal Power Factor" or "Low Power Factor. the Constant Wattage Isolated (CWI) is an isolated winding version of the PLA. and performance consis-tency thru the life of the lamp. In any case. It provides a significant increase in lamp life and color consistency/stability thru lamp life. A variation of the CWA. It is a ballast circuit which uses magnetic saturation to maintain better lamp wattage regulation and improved dip tolerance. the line current as the lamp starts is less than steady state operating current. It is important to note that a NPF ballast is no less efficient than an equivalent HPF ballast.To be classes as "high power factor" a ballast must have a power factor of at least 90%.This is the change in lamp watts due to line voltage variation. Consideration should be given to the variation in line voltage and feeder voltage drop to be expected on a particular system where HID lamps will be applied to ensure that the regulating capacity of the ballast is matched to the regulation of the power system. Power Factor . so fuses. lamp operating parameters may change and cause power factor of some high power factor ballasts to fall below 90%. For other ballasts. Line Voltage Regulation . This circuit provides the highest degree of lamp operating stability. The Constant Wattage Auto-transformer (CWA) bal last represents a step up from the Auto-Lag.) 2. high performance ballasts. (The use of a separate voltagetransformer and a reactor provides the same operational circuit. waveform control. circuit breakers. and distribution transformers for the equivalent connected load. larger switches. called the Peaked Lead Auto Regulator (PLA) is used for metal halide. so that fuses and circuit breaker ratings can be based strictly on the operating current values. as lamps age. isolated winding. A majority of modern power distribution systems are required to operate between ±5% of nominal line voltage. Three coil circuits that provide superior electrical and lamp performance. The input and lamp windings are separated by a third winding which offsets drastic changes in the demands of the lamp on the supply system and maintains lamp stability during supply system variations.

6-1. stiff. A good.All power systems are subject to dips in the line voltage as loads are switched in and out.7-1. The isolation fusing provided may also help in trouble shooting problems on the circuit. the lamp will extinguish and have to cool down before re-ignition.7 HPS All Volt. but on some circuits.6 . Lamp drop out due to line voltage dips generally increase as lamps age. ± 10% ± 10% Lower 15-35% Med 1. or as other transient conditions occur. HID Ballast Circuits Lamp Type Circuit Diagram Line Input Lamp Power Starting Input Ballast Crest Volts Volt Wattage Factor Current Voltage Losses Factor Available Range Spread (Variation Dip of from Tolerance Lamp Operating Current Current) Circuit Diagram All Volt.Extinction Voltage (Dip Tolerance) .5-1. This is important where loss of all lighting on a particular circuit is a major problem. For example. if an industrial luminaire ballast shorts (draws very high line current) then in all probability the breaker for the entire circuit will trip which will turn off every luminaire on that circuit. Ballasts with improved dip tolerance may delay the onset of lamp drop out problems.Most luminaires are offered with a fusing option. the fuse would clear (open) prior to the tripping of the breaker and the circuit would still be active.8 120 Volt for 35-150 watt 208 & 240 Volt for 200-400 watt 480 Volt for 1000 watt ± 5% 25% Higher 15-20% Low 1. ± 10% ± 8% HPF 90% Plus *HPF 9465% Plus NPF 4550% *HPF 90% Plus Lower 50-60% High or Med 1. dips of 20% or more may occur. If the ballast is not capable of "riding through" the voltage dip and sustaining the lamp. Fusing . well-regulated distribution circuit will seldom see voltage dips of more than 10%. If the luminaire is properly fused however. fusing is primarily used to isolate the individual fixture. In the case of HID lighting.

0 Higher 15-20% Med 1.5-1.5-1. ± 10% ± 5% ± 5% 25% NPF 4050% HPF 90% Plus HPF 92% Plus HPF 90% Plus Lower 40-50% High 1. ± 10% 10% Lower 30-40% Med 1.5-1.8-2.0 HID Ballast Circuits (continued) Lamp Type Circuit Diagram Line Input Lamp Power Starting Input Ballast Crest Volts Volt Wattage Factor Current Voltage Losses Factor Available Range Spread (Variation Dip of from Tolerance Lamp Operating Current Current) Circuit Diagram 240 & 277 Volt for 400 1000 watt 480 volt for 700 & 1000 watt 120 Volt for 100400 watt ± 5% 20% ± 5% 20% NPF 4050% HPF 90% Plus NPF 4050% HPF 90% Plus Higher 15-20% Med 1.6 HPS All Volt.8-2.6 Higher 15-20% Low 1.HID Ballast Circuits (continued) Lamp Type Circuit Diagram Line Input Lamp Power Starting Input Ballast Crest Volts Volt Wattage Factor Current Voltage Losses Factor Available Range Spread (Variation Dip of from Tolerance Lamp Operating Current Current) Circuit Diagram All Volt.6 Mercury . 50-150 watt 120 Volt 200400watt Mercury All Volt.

4 Power Factor Input Watts Starting Operating Amps Amps S76 LAMP 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 1.2 - Open Circuit Amps1 Frequency (Hz) Fuse Amps2 60 60 3 2 0.6 0.9 0.2 0. ± 10% ± 10% Lower 30-40% Medium 1.7 0.HID Ballast Circuits (continued) Lamp Type Circuit Diagram Line Input Lamp Power Starting Input Ballast Crest Volts Volt Wattage Factor Current Voltage Losses Factor Available Range Spread (Variation Dip of from Tolerance Lamp Operating Current Current) Circuit Diagram All Volt.4 0.8 0.4 60 60 60 10 5 5 3 3 2 2 1.5 0.5 0.2 NPF HPF HPF 60 60 66 66 1.6 0.2 0.6 0. 4 .9 0. 4 Line Volts Circuit Type 35 WATT 120 120 RX RX 50 WATT 120 120 120 277 RX RX AL 70 WATT 120 120 120 208 240 277 480 RX RX AL NPF HPF HPF 81 81 94 94 94 94 94 2.3 S62 LAMP 1.8 0.4 0.65 Metal Halide All Volt.3 HID Ballast Data — High Pressure Sodium High-Pressure Sodium (continued) 3.5 0.9 0. ± 10% ± 5% HPF 90% Plus HPF 90% Plus Lower 50-60% Medium 1.4 S68 LAMP 1.3 1.2 0.2 NPF HPF 43 43 1.7 0.4 0.7-1.8 HID Ballast Data — High Pressure Sodium High-Pressure Sodium 3.5 -1.4 0.7 60 60 60 5 3 3 2 0.1 0.

0 1.2 1.7 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.9 0.85 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 1.4 S54 LAMP Open Circuit Amps1 0.5 0.2 0.1 1.7 0.6 HID Ballast Data — High Pressure Sodium High-Pressure Sodium (continued) 3.Line Volts 120 277 120 208 240 277 Circuit Type CWA Power Factor HPF Input Watts 95 95 Starting Operating Amps Amps 0.15 0.2 0.6 0.03 1.3 2.5 1.5 1.3 - 60 60 60 10 10 10 5 5 3 2 1.3 Open Circuit Amps1 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.3 Frequency (Hz) 60 Fuse Amps2 5 2 5 3 3 3 2 60 HID Ballast Data — High Pressure Sodium High-Pressure Sodium (continued) 3.6 0.4 1.5 0.7 - Open Circuit Amps1 Frequency (Hz) Fuse Amps2 60 60 60 15 10 10 2.6 0. 4 Line Volts 120 277 120 208 240 277 480 MR HPF Circuit Type CWA Power Factor HPF Input Watts 138 138 138 138 138 138 138 Starting Operating Amps Amps 0.36 0.9 1.3 Frequency (Hz) 60 Fuse Amps2 3 2 3 2 2 2 MR HPF 103 103 103 103 60 100 WATT 120 120 120 208 240 277 480 RX RX AL NPF HPF HPF 115 115 130 130 130 130 130 2.36 0.2 0.0 .2 1.9 0.3 0.7 2.3 0.1 1. 4 Line Volts Circuit Type 150 WATT 120 120 120 RX RX AL NPF HPF HPF 170 170 188 4.3 0.85 0.8 0.5 0.7 .2 07 0.1 0.8 2.0 Power Factor Input Watts Starting Operating Amps Amps S55 LAMP 3.3 0.6 0.4 3.3 1.

0 0.7 1.5 0.9 0.3 0.0 0.87 0.92 0.46 0.20 1.7 1.4 60 15 10 10 10 5 10 5 5 5 3 1.72 0.4 1. 4 Line Volts Circuit Type 310 WATT 120 240 480 MR HPF 380 380 380 1.9 0.6 1.96 0.2 2.7 0.24 0.85 1.20 Power Factor Input Watts Starting Operating Amps Amps S66 LAMP 2.96 0.20 0.55 S50 LAMP HPF 300 300 300 300 300 310 310 310 310 310 1.208 240 277 480 120 277 480 120 240 277 480 CWA HPF 188 188 188 188 190 190 190 196 196 196 196 1.60 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.24 1.46 60 10 5 3 Open Circuit Amps1 Frequency (Hz) Fuse Amps2 .4 1.7 0.8 1.7 0.9 0.8 0.7 1. 4 Line Volts Circuit Type 200 WATT 120 208 240 277 480 MR HPF 255 255 255 255 255 0.50 0.1 1.4 0.2 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.4 0.42 0.10 0.4 0.4 0.42 0.5 0.65 0.80 0.4 60 5 5 5 3 5 3 2 5 3 3 2 MR HPF 60 HID Ballast Data — High Pressure Sodium High-Pressure Sodium (continued) 3.8 0.27 1.4 0.42 1.5 0.8 0.30 Power Factor Input Watts Starting Operating Amps Amps S67 LAMP 3.8 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.96 0.30 1.40 0.4 1.0 0.5 1.38 60 10 5 5 3 3 Open Circuit Amps1 Frequency (Hz) Fuse Amps2 250 WATT 120 208 240 277 480 120 208 240 277 480 CWA MR HPF 60 HID Ballast Data — High Pressure Sodium High-Pressure Sodium (continued) 3.8 0.4 1.7 0.35 0.65 0.2 0.75 0.9 0.65 0.84 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.7 2.

4 1.4 3.0 0.0 2.7 4.7 12.3 2.2 9.4 Power Factor Input Watts Starting Operating Amps Amps M85 LAMP 1.3 12.7 1.6 0.0 5.2 2.2 1.9 0.2 2.8 07 0.4 2.8 2.8 1.0 1.2 0.7 1.8 0.4 4.8 2.2 6.4 60 20 15 10 10 5 15 10 10 5 5 MR HPF 60 HID Ballast Data — High Pressure Sodium High-Pressure Sodium (continued) 3.12 2.5 7.8 2.4 5.1 2.8 6.4 0.25 3.5 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.9 6.1 1.0 6.6 0.0 0.9 2.5 0.6 1.9 1.8 1.3 3.7 1.0 4.3 0.4 1.9 60 60 5 5 3 3 Open Circuit Amps1 Frequency (Hz) Fuse Amps2 .3 S51 LAMP 3.8 3.5 0.2 1.8 1.6 3.7 2.5 1.2 2.4 4.6 Power Factor Input Watts Starting Operating Amps Amps S106 600 LAMP 2. 4 Line Volts Circuit Type 600 WATT 240 240 120 208 240 277 480 RX RX AL HPF NPF HPF 642 642 675 675 675 675 680 3.6 S52 LAMP HPF 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 6.2 60 20 15 15 15 10 4.25 5.0 60 60 60 10 15 25 20 15 15 10 Open Circuit Amps1 Frequency (Hz) Fuse Amps2 1000 WATT 120 208 240 277 480 CWA Metal Halide HID Ballast Electrical Data Line Volts Circuit Type 70 WATT 240 120 208 240 RX AL NPF HPF 86 95 95 95 1.4 2.4 3.3 1.400 WATT 120 208 240 277 480 120 208 240 277 480 CWA HPF 465 465 465 465 465 483 483 483 483 483 2.

95 0.10 Power Factor Input Watts Starting Operating Amps Amps M58 LAMP 2.2 0.45 1.50 1.6 0.6 0.58 0.30 1.8 60 3 5 3 118 129 129 129 129 0.8 1.80 0.4 0.5 0.15 60 60 5 10 5 5 5 Metal Halide HID Ballast Electrical Data (continued) Line Volts Circuit Type 150 WATT 240 120 277 120 277 480 RX AL ER HPF HPF HPF 176 185 185 193 193 193 1.4 0.3 0.2 0.9 0.66 0.1 2.30 0.66 0.15 0.60 0.50 1.8 60 10 5 3 Open Circuit Amps1 Frequency (Hz) Fuse Amps2 .9 0.42 0.65 0.55 0.7 0.8 0.4 M57 LAMP HPF 210 210 210 210 210 218 218 218 1.10 1.45 1.4 0.58 0.35 0.3 60 60 60 5 10 5 5 5 3 Open Circuit Amps1 Frequency (Hz) Fuse Amps2 175 WATT 120 208 240 277 480 120 277 480 PLA ER HPF 60 Metal Halide HID Ballast Electrical Data (continued) Line Volts Circuit Type 250 WATT 120 208 240 PLA HPF 285 285 285 2.05 0.60 1.3 60 5 5 3 5 2 5 5 3 1.8 0.3 0.3 0.50 1.80 1.65 1.9 0.5 0.9 0.4 M90 LAMP 0.30 1.6 0.15 0.4 1.75 0.8 1.56 0.5 1.4 0.9 3.90 0.40 1.10 0.58 1.80 1.80 0.1 1.277 120 277 AL 100 WATT 240 120 208 240 277 RX AL HPF HPF HPF 95 95 95 0.5 1.90 0.70 1.1 Power Factor Input Watts Starting Operating Amps Amps M81 LAMP 0.58 1.

4 60 40 25 20 20 Metal Halide HID Ballast Electrical Data (continued) Line Volts Circuit Type Power Factor Input Watts Starting Operating Amps Amps Open Circuit Amps1 Frequency (Hz) Fuse Amps2 .0 4.2 4.6 0.1 60 30 25 20 20 10 6.0 3.75 1.2 0.1 0.3 M48 LAMP HPF 1610 1610 1610 1610 1610 13.0 7.75 3.0 6.40 2.4 4.9 0.2 1.7 6.70 1.277 480 120 208 480 ER HPF 285 285 298 298 298 1.5 5.6 4.0 3.8 2.7 1.0 9.0 7.5 2.0 3.0 2.5 60 5 2 10 5 3 400 WATT 120 208 240 277 480 120 277 480 PLA HPF 460 460 460 460 460 465 465 465 3.2 0.1 4.65 1.0 Power Factor Input Watts Starting Operating Amps Amps M47 LAMP 9.00 1.5 16.6 0.3 3.1 3.9 60 25 15 15 15 10 Open Circuit Amps1 Frequency (Hz) Fuse Amps2 1500 WATT 120 208 240 277 480 PLA 1650 WATT 120 208 240 277 CWA HPF 1765 1765 1765 1765 13.0 6.6 M59 LAMP 0.3 13.4 7.7 60 15 10 10 5 3 15 10 3 ER HPF 60 Metal Halide HID Ballast Electrical Data (continued) Line Volts Circuit Type 1000 WATT 120 208 240 277 480 PLA HPF 1080 1080 1080 1080 1080 8.60 0.5 3.0 2.00 3.0 7.00 1.30 2.5 1.5 2.9 1.8 3.2 5.5 2.0 1.90 1.0 0.50 0.95 2.85 0.6 1.3 8.5 6.10 0.65 2.2 2.40 0.3 4.7 5.6 4.9 3.25 1.3 0.5 8.00 0.3 0.7 0.

3 0.1 1.2 H43 LAMP NPF HPF 94 93 93 93 93 93 2.9 0.3 1.4 0.3 60 60 15 5 3 3 3 2 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.3 H38 LAMP 2.0 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.8 1.6 0.MERCURY 50 WATT 120 120 208 240 277 480 AL CWA NPF HPF 74 74 74 74 74 74 2.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 3.7 0.4 0.7 1.2 H43 LAMP NPF HPF 200 205 205 205 205 205 5.9 0.5 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.1 1.4 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.6 1.2 1.3 0.2 0.2 H45 LAMP 16.1 0.1 60 60 10 3 2 2 2 2 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.1 60 60 10 3 2 2 2 2 75 WATT 120 120 208 240 277 480 AL CWA Metal Halide HID Ballast Electrical Data (continued) Line Volts Circuit Type Power Factor Input Watts Starting Operating Amps Amps MERCURY 100 WATT 120 120 208 240 277 480 AL CWA NPF HPF 125 125 125 125 125 125 3.8 0.5 0.2 60 60 10 5 2 2 2 2 Open Circuit Amps1 Frequency (Hz) Fuse Amps2 175 WATT 120 120 208 240 277 480 AL CWA Metal Halide HID Ballast Electrical Data (continued) Line Volts Circuit Type Power Factor Input Watts Starting Operating Amps Amps Open Circuit Frequency (Hz) Fuse Amps2 .0 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.

0 1.7 1.1 0.7 0.com .8 3.2 60 60 20 10 5 5 5 2 400 WATT 120 208 240 277 480 CWA Metal Halide HID Ballast Electrical Data (continued) Line Volts Circuit Type Power Factor Input Watts Starting Operating Amps Amps MERCURY 1000 WATT 120 208 240 277 480 CWA HPF 1080 1080 1080 1080 1080 7.5 1.8 0.3 3.0 3.6 0.0 1.4 1.6 H33 LAMP HPF 455 455 455 455 455 3.2 1.0 2.9 0.7 1.3 2.6 0.2 60 15 10 10 5 3 0.6 H37 LAMP 5.3 0.9 2.7 1.2 5.9 H36 LAMP 9.4 2.5 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.3 0.2 1.2 2.3 1.3 4.3 0.Amps1 MERCURY 250 WATT 120 120 208 240 277 480 AL CWA NPF HPF 285 285 285 285 285 285 8.5 4.9 1.1 0.8 0.6 4.4 60 25 15 15 15 10 Open Circuit Amps1 Frequency (Hz) Fuse Amps2 Copyright © 1996–2010 AECinfo.4 1.4 0.0 0.9 0.