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1 INTRODUCTION In the previous lesson we discussed about the different parts and configurations of computer. It has been mentioned that programs or instructions have to be fed to the computer to do specific task. So it is necessary to provide sequence of instructions so that your work can be done. We can divide the computer components into two major areas, namely, hardware and software. Hardware is the machine itself and its various individual equipment. It includes all mechanical, electronic and magnetic devices such as monitor, printer, electronic circuit, floppy and hard disk. In this lesson we will discuss about the other part, namely, software. 3.2 OBJECTIVES After going through this lesson you will be able to
• • • • • •
explain the concept of software distinguish between different types of software differentiate application software from system software define a language differentiate between different types of language distinguish between compiler and interpreter
3.3 WHAT IS SOFTWARE? As you know computer cannot do anything without instructions from the user. In order to do any specific job you have to give a sequence of instructions to the computer. This set of instructions is called a computer program. Software refers to the set of computer programs, procedures that describe the programs, how they are to be used. We can say that it is the collection of programs, which increase the capabilities of the hardware. Software guides the computer at every step where to start and stop during a particular job. The process of software development is called programming. You should keep in mind that software and hardware are complementary to each other. Both have to work together to produce meaningful result. Another important point you should know that producing software is difficult and expensive. 3.4 SOFTWARE TYPES Computer software is normally classified into two broad categories.
Application Software System software
Application Software: Application Software is a set of programs to carry out operations for a specific application. For example, payroll is an application software for an organization to produce pay slips as an output. Application software is useful for word processing, billing system, accounting, producing statistical report, analysis of numerous data in research, weather forecasting, etc. In later modules you will learn about MS WORD, Lotus 1-2-3 and dBASE III Plus. All these are application softwares. Another example of application software is programming language. Among the programming languages COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language) is more suitable for business application whereas FORTRAN (Formula Translation) is useful for scientific application. We will discuss about languages in next section. System Software: You know that an instruction is a set of programs that has to be fed to the computer for operation of computer system as a whole. When you switch on the computer the programs written in ROM is executed which activates different units of your computer and makes it ready for you to work on it. This set of program can be called system software. Therefore system software may be defined as a set of one or more programs designed to control the operation of computer system. System software are general programs designed for performing tasks such as controlling all operations required to move data into and out of the computer. It communicates with printers, card reader, disk, tapes etc. monitor the use of various hardware like memory, CPU etc. Also system software are essential for the development of applications software. System Software allows application packages to be run on the computer with less time and effort. Remember that it is not possible to run application software without system software. Development of system software is a complex task and it requires extensive knowledge of computer technology. Due to its complexity it is not developed in house. Computer manufactures build and supply this system software with the computer system. DOS, UNIX and WINDOWS are some of the widely used system software. Out of these UNIX is a multi-user operating system whereas DOS and WINDOWS are PC-based. We will discuss in detail about DOS and WINDOWS in the next module. So without system software it is impossible to operate your computer. The following picture is shown in Fig. 3.1 relation between hardware, software and you as a user of computer system.
3. Differentiate between system software and application software. Write True or False. So there are programming languages specially developed so that you could pass your data and instructions to the computer to do specific job. software. COBOL etc. Oriya etc. b. These are programming languages. These are the languages used to communicate among various categories of persons. Application Software is a set of programs to carry out operations for a specific application. As an example. What are program. But how you will communicate with your computer. c. 3.5. Your computer will not understand any of these natural languages for transfer of data and instruction.Fig. for scientific application FORTRAN and C languages are used. So instructions or programs are written in a particular language based on the type of job.5 WHAT IS LANGUAGE? You are aware with the term language. a. 3. UNIX is a multi-user operating system.1 Relation between hardware. On the other hand COBOL is used for business applications. BASIC. Hindi. programming and software? 2. The set of instructions given to the computer is called programming. 3. Some of the basic natural languages that we are familiar with are English. IN-TEXT QUESTIONS 1 1.1 Programming Languages 3 . You must have heard names like FORTRAN. It is a system of communication between you and me.
3. Advantage The only advantage is that program of machine language run very fast because no translation program is required for the CPU. It does not needs any translator program. It is difficult to debug the program.5. We also call it machine code and it is written as strings of 1's (one) and 0’s (zero). it recognizes the codes and converts it in to electrical signals needed to run it. When this sequence of codes is fed to the computer. Low Level languages are further divided in to Machine language and Assembly language. Low level languages are machine oriented and require extensive knowledge of computer hardware and its configuration.There are two major types of programming languages. 3. 2. a program instruction may look like this: 1011000111101 It is not an easy language for you to learn because of its difficult to understand. The programmer has to know details of hardware to write program. You should know that computer can handle numbers and letter. For example. The programmer has to remember a lot of codes to write a program which results in program errors. Disadvantages 1. It is efficient for the computer but very inefficient for programmers. Therefore some combination of letters can be used to substitute for number of machine codes. These are Low Level Languages and High Level Languages. (a) Machine Language Machine Language is the only language that is directly understood by the computer. 4 . It is very difficult to program in machine language.2 Low Level Languages The term low level means closeness to the way in which the machine has been built. It is considered to the first generation language. It is also difficult to debug the program written in this language. (b) Assembly Language It is the first step to improve the programming structure.
One of the major disadvantages is that assembly language is machine dependent. 2. It is easier to correct errors and modify program instructions. b. Machine language is the only language that is indirectly understood by the computer. 3. This translator program is called `Assembler'. It is considered to be a second-generation language. c.6 HIGH LEVEL LANGUAGES You know that assembly language and machine level language require deep knowledge of computer hardware where as in higher language you have to know only the instructions in English words and logic of the problem irrespective of the type of computer you are using. 5 . Assembly language is second generation language. 3. 3. Because this is one-to-one translator between assembly language program and its corresponding machine language program. Low level language and High level language are two major types of programming languages. The symbolic programming of Assembly Language is easier to understand and saves a lot of time and effort of the programmer. Assembly Language has the same efficiency of execution as the machine level language. What is the difference between FORTRAN and COBOL? 2. Disadvantages: 1. Differentiate between machine language and Assembly language. Advantages: 1. IN-TEXT QUESTIONS 2 1. A program written for one computer might not run in other computers with different hardware configuration.The set of symbols and letters forms the Assembly Language and a translator program is required to translate the Assembly Language to machine language. Write True or False a.
1 Compiler It is a program translator that translates the instruction of a higher level language to machine language. For example COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language) is mostly suitable for business oriented language where there is very little processing and huge output. 6 . After this program is converted to machine languages by the compiler it is called object program.2 Compile A compiler can translate only those source programs. Higher level languages are problem-oriented languages because the instructions are suitable for solving a particular problem. -. for its program construction. It is called compiler because it compiles machine language instructions for every program instructions of higher level language.Higher level languages are simple languages that use English and mathematical symbols like +. Thus a problem oriented language designed in such a way that its instruction may be written more like the language of the problem. %. For example. Thus compiler is a program translator like assembler but more sophisticated. / etc. For example FORTRAN compiler will not compile source code written in COBOL language. 3. It is because that they are similar to the languages used by us in our day to day life. which have been written. Higher Level Language --> (Compile) ---> Program --> Machine Language Program Fig. Advantages of High Level Languages Higher level languages have a major advantage over machine and assembly languages that higher level languages are easy to learn and use. There are mathematical oriented languages like FORTRAN (Formula Translation) and BASIC (Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) where very large processing is required. It scans the entire program first and then translates it into machine code. You should know that any higher level language has to be converted to machine language for the computer to understand. businessmen use business term and scientists use scientific terms in their respective languages. in that language for which the compiler is meant for.6. 3. The programs written by the programmer in higher level language is called source program.
3.2 Interpreter An interpreter is another type of program translator used for translating higher level language into machine language. (c) The disadvantage of interpreter is that it is time consuming. BASIC and FORTRAN.7 WHAT YOU HAVE LEARNT In this lesson we discussed about two types of software. etc. System software controls the hardware part of the computer. Interpreters are easy to write and do not require large memory in computer.8 TERMINAL QUESTIONS 7 . tapes. 3. The disadvantage of interpreter is that it is time consuming method because each time a statement in a program is executed then it is first translated. It is designed for performing tasks such as controlling all operations required to move data into and out of the computer. UNIX and WINDOWS are three important system softwares. Therefore every type of machine must have its personal compiler for a particular language. Machine independence is achieved by using one higher level language in different machines. system software and application software. Application software is a set of programs written for specific purpose. Give some examples of high level language. It takes one statement of higher level languages. IN-TEXT QUESTIONS 3 1. Examples of application softwares are MS WORD. DOS. It communicates with printer. (b) Object program generated by compiler is machine independent. Translation and execution are carried out for each statement. CPU. Lotus 1-2-3. COBOL. card reader. Thus compiled machine language program runs much faster than an interpreted program. What is the difference between interpreter and compiler? 2. 3.Object program generated by compiler is machine dependent. It eliminates the need for a separate compilation after changes to each program. The advantage of interpreter compared to compiler is its fast response to changes in source program. It means programs compiled for one type of machine will not run in another type. namely. translate it into machine language and immediately execute it. It differs from compiler. 3. Write True or False (a) High level languages are problem-oriented language. etc.6. We have discussed about levels of computer language. and monitors the use of various components like memory. disk. which translate the entire source program into machine code and does involve in its execution.
2.1. 2. What are advantages and disadvantages of machine language . Program is a set of instructions given to the computer by the user. What is computer Language? 3. 9. Application Software is a set of programs to carry out operations for a specific application. Programming is the process of software development. What is compiler? Why is it required? 10. 6. Software is a set of computer programs and procedures that describe the programs.9 FEEDBACK TO IN-TEXT QUESTIONS IN-TEXT QUESTIONS 1 1. FORTRAN is used for scientific applications whereas COBOL is used for business applications. System software is a set of programs written for performing tasks such as controlling all operations required to move data into and out of the computer. What is software and hardware? 2. What is assembly language? What are its advantages over machine languages? 7. 3. (a) False b) T rue (c) True IN-TEXT QUESTIONS 2 1. What is interpreter? How does it differ from compiler? 3. The set of symbols and letters forms the Assembly Language. 4. 3. What is machine language? Why is it required? 5. It is written in binary form that is 0 and 1. What is the difference between source program and object program? 8. What is higher level languages? Why are higher level languages are easier to use. Name the three different categories of computer languages. (a) True (b) False (c) True IN-TEXT QUESTIONS 3 8 . Machine Languages are the only language that is directly understood by the computer.
While compiler scans the entire program first and then translates it into machine code.1. (a) True (b) False (c) True 9 . 3. FORTRAN (Formula Translation) and BASIC (Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) are some of the high level languages. an Interpreter translates the program line by line. 2. Both compiler and interpreter are program translators used for translating higher level language into machine language.
x series with lots of new features embedded into it.AN INTRODUCTION 8. It is the entry point to a 32-bit operating/computing environment with less set of hardware requirements. It has more compatibility with other software as compared to its previous version and provides easy installation. easy link to a network or setup a network. 8.WINDOWS 95. It is the gateway of accessing most of the functionality available in the computer loaded with Windows 95. It also runs most of the Windows 3. It is a complete paradigm shift from windows 3.3 IMPROVED FEATURES OF WINDOWS 95 Graphical User Interface : As compared to Windows 3. customizable and efficient. manage Files. 8. maintain system.11 and Windows95. change windows settings. It is more powerful. install and uninstall programs automatically. multitasking. and much more. get Help. and its most useful feature is long file names. Windows 95 provides user-friendlier interface to work on.x. Its improved graphical user interface makes learning and using Windows 95 more natural and easier for all types of users. Windows 95 also provides flexibility to configure hardware. open or find documents.x and Ms-DOS programs. Start Button Introduction of START button in Windows 95 made life much simpler while there is a need to access multiple programs. Taskbar 10 . able to work on Windows95 appreciate the uses of Long file name appreciate the new look and feel of Windows95.1 INTRODUCTION Windows 95 is the upgraded version of Windows 3.2 OBJECTIVES: At the end of this lesson you would be able to • • • • understand the difference between Windows 3. It also has lots of other useful features like easy Internet access.x working environment. Just Click on the Start button anytime to start any programs.
while copying file from other computer available in the network. programs. Using Explorer one can easily browse through all the drives and network resources available and manage files. non-of the file used in DOS environment should be more than 8 characters of primary name and optional secondary name (extension) of three characters. Multitasking Multitasking allows the user to activate and accomplish more than one task at a time. files and other resources in Windows 95. It is more efficient. the user can do more than one task a time. faster and user friendly as compared to File Manager of Windows 3. maximum of 255 characters. and more. Instead of going through the structural process of accessing a program. With Windows 95. 32-bit computing environment. folders. For example. one can create "shortcuts" to access them. However Windows 95 has broken this barrier. Right Mouse Button Clicking on the right mouse button activates a pop-up menu in any programs so as to help in completing a task efficiently. This helps to make files and folders (directory/subdirectory) easier to organize and find. Using this one can keep a track of what all programs have been activated and switched between them. Windows 95 supports long file names. the Task bar provides information and access to the entire task that has been currently activated by Windows 95. It creates links for easy access to files. Shortcuts As the name suggests.x. but with lots of new features. Windows Explorer Windows Explorer is more or less acts as a File Manager for Windows 95. It also allowed space to be used in between file name. SHORTCUTS are the shortest way to access programs. work on a document file in WORD programs. 11 .As the name suggests. Long File Names As the Ms-DOS convention follows.
Software Compatibility Windows 95 provides complete backward compatibility. or full text. Help Windows 95 provides online help to accomplish a task. It also supports the latest 32-bit technology.x environment. high quality audio and video. such as ActiveX. Hardware Compatibility Windows 95 provides greater Hardware compatibility as compare to any other operating environment.Easy Internet Access One of the most useful and entirely new features is Windows 95 easy access to Internet. It also requires all most no editing of Config. CompuServe. It also improves the efficiency of working on Internet with applications that support the latest Internet technologies. rename. Most of the latest software packages are now built on Windows 95 operating environment.sys files so as to support these technologies. It provides built-in Internet functionality to setup link and access Internet with less amount of Hardware and Software requirement. and built-in support for MIDI and digital and surrounds video. Windows 95 Help will provide structured process how to accomplish the 12 . you can save. If the user is not sure how to perform a task. AutoPlay. and streaming audio and video. or view files from within the result pane. and America Online. Great Gaming Platform Windows 95 support rich graphics. It has flexibility of supporting hardware from different vendors. In addition. It also provides connectivity software from Microsoft Network (MSN). Java. It is easily compatible with applications developed for MS-DOS and Windows 3. last modified date. just like you can from Windows Explorer. Its Plug and Play functionality allows to insert the hardware card into the computer and when the computer is turned on Windows 95 automatically recognizes and sets up the hardware. Find Utility Find Utility of Windows 95 allows you to do searches by partial name. All this is possible because of Windows 95 compatibility with latest and hottest technologies like Plug and Play.
Available free hard disk space of 40-45 MB. Simply right-click on any object in the user interface (icons) and you'll get relevant descriptions about that object. deletion of file from folders in the machine and provides a second chance to recover files deleted from the hard disk. Inbox or Microsoft Outlook Universal in-box for all mail sources including faxes. 13 .task. and the Dialup Network utility. mail. Recycle Bin Provides drag and drop facilities. and others. exchange. (a) System Requirements CPU Memory Hard Disk Space Display Operating System Recommended 486/25 MHz-based system or more Recommended a minimum of 8-MB memory (RAM). printers. VGA or higher-resolution display MS-DOS Peripheral/ Miscellaneous Compatible pointing device (b) Windows Desktop Icons Icon Purpose My Computer Provides direct access to local drives. Network Neighborhood Access to shared resources on the machine and computers on local and wide area network. Control panel.
a program can be quickly started or file can be searched for.1 8. Quick help on how to use windows can also be obtained from this task bar. 8.Fig.4 START BUTTON AND TASK BAR Windows now features the Start button and Taskbar at the bottom of the screen. 14 . Using this button. This bar contains the Start button.
This will send the activated window as small icon to the task bar. point to the folder that contains the program. 3. a small icon appears on the taskbar. (b) Steps to open a recently used document 15 . you can switch between them. Once the selected program starts. You can also use the Find dialog box to locate the program file. Select the program you want to run. Click on the Start button. If you have opened more than one program. Click on the program icon or menu. Similarly if you don't need a windows too frequently. Run a program or shut down the computer and also to get help on windows. Click on the desired icon to open the designated program. and then click Files Or Folders where the program resides. click on the minimized button of the windows. If you have opened more than one program or windows. and then point to Programs option. 2. click on the required program icon on the taskbar to make it currently activated program. point to Find on the Start menu.Fig. If the desired program is not available on the program menu or one of its submenus. All the opened windows or program appears on the Start or the Task bar as a minimized icons. find a file or folders (directory or sub-directory). If the program you want is not on the menu.2 Click on the Start to activate the Pop-up menu so as to open a program. 8. (a) Steps to start a program 1. and change the settings for Windows95.
3. So if the desired document to be opened is not listed or available in Document Menu. Click on the Start button 2.5 MY COMPUTER It allows looking at a glance to all the resource available on the machine such as floppy drive. by clicking on it Note: All programs are not capable of adding files to Document menu. click on the Start button. Double clicking on any of the folders in the drive window will open another window showing the contents of the folder. 16 . Using this you can manipulate the settings for your Computer or Printer the same way that you were accessing them from the Start menu. Select the document you want to open. Double clicking on either the Control Panel folder or the Printers folders in My Computer windows will activate the respective windows for Control panel or Printers. and then use the Find dialog box to locate the file. CD-ROM drive.1. Select/Click "Files Or Folders" option. 8. and then select the Find option. If you have network drives mapped as local drives they will also show up here. Select/point to Documents option. Double clicking on a drive in the top level of my computer will open another window containing the main folders on the select drive. Hard Disk etc.
8. Tools and Sharing. It is the improved version of File Manager in Windows 3. Using these three options you can change the properties of the selected media. Even this can be used to copy. delete files among or between floppy and Hard Disk or network drives.6 WINDOWS EXPLORER As the name suggests.11. Fig 8. 17 . Windows Explorer let you explore the contents of your computer and do file management. Select the media such as floppy disk. move. This will activate a Pop-Up menu.3 My Computer is the quickest way of accessing all the resources available on the computer. This action will display the property windows with three options: General.4 My Computer also provides the tools to change the settings of the available resources.Fig.1 or 3. Now select the Properties option from the pop-up menu. 8. hard disk drive you want to change the settings and right click on it.
Now select Windows Explorer Option.Fig. Windows Explorer displays on the left-hand side of the screen. 5 To activate Windows Explorer. 8. This will activate another Pop-Up menu. all the folders on your computer in a hierarchical order. it displays all the files and folders in each selected folder. On the right hand side of the screen. Click on the Start Button on the Task Bar and select Programs option. 18 .
Go to Edit Menu and Select/Click Copy option. (a) Steps to copy a file or folder 1. 4.6 Windows Explorer is especially useful for copying and moving files. Go to My Computer or Windows Explorer 2. and then drag it to the folder you want to put it in. (b) Steps to move a file or folder 19 . Open the folder or disk drive where you want to copy.Fig 8. You can open the folder that contains the file you want to move or copy. Select the file you want to copy by clicking on it. 5. Again go to Edit Menu and Select/Click Paste option. 3.
the item will be deleted permanently from the computer without being stored in the Recycle Bin. (c) Steps to delete a file or folder 1. Go to My Computer or Windows Explorer 2. 3. Go to File Menu and Select/Click Delete option. 3. Files or folders can also be deleted by dragging file or folder icons onto the Recycle Bin icon. open the folder in which you want to create a new folder by double clicking on it. and then select the drive you want to copy the file to. Again go to Edit Menu and Select/Click Paste option. Go to My Computer or Windows Explorer 2. 2. To select more than one file or folder to copy. If SHIFT key is pressed while dragging. Go to File menu. and then click on the "Folder" option. and then press ENTER. Open the folder or disk drive where you want to move. 4. Select the file you want to move by clicking on it. point to "Send To" option. 2. Go to My Computer or Windows Explorer 3. 3. while pressing the CTRL key. The new folder appears with a temporary name. Select the File you want to Copy. Note: • Files or folder deleted are stored in the Recycle Bin until the Recycle Bin is emptied.1. (e) Steps to create a new folder 1. click the items you want to select. 5. Insert the disk in the floppy disk drive. Select the file or folder you want to delete by clicking on it. Go to My Computer or Windows Explorer. 4. by clicking on the file. Go to the File menu. Go to Edit Menu and Select/Click Cut option. 20 . • (d) Steps to copy a file to a floppy disk 1. Type a name for the new folder. 4. point to New.
the Network Neighborhood icon appears on the desktop. and Select/Click "Rename" option. 8.drives. a filename can be up to 255 characters. double click on the icon Network Neighborhood. Network neighborhood takes the ability of My Computer and extends them one step further. Note : As Windows 95 supports long file name. 2. 21 . directories or printers will be listed Fig.Steps to change the name of a file or folder 1.7 When connected to a network. including spaces. and then press ENTER.7 NETWORK NEIGHBORHOOD A Network is a group of Computers connected to each other to share available resources such as storage and printers. However. Go to the File menu. and see what drives or Printers may be available for use. Type a new name for the file or Folder. 3. To browse through the computers in the workgroup and the computers on the entire network. If you double click on one of the Computers.8. it cannot contain any of the following characters: \/:*?"<>| Go to My Computer or Windows Explorer Click on the file or folder you want to rename. 4. any resources that Computer shares with others in the workgroup like. by giving you with the ability to view all of the Computers connected in workgroup or network.
8 RECYCLE BIN The files deleted by you are put in the Recycle Bin. however. There you can also drag and drop files for quick deleting. 22 . a holding place for files that are no longer needed. 8. Fig. built in to protect you against the possibility of deleting something you should not have. you can use the Find command on the Start menu. One way is to browse through folders in My Computer.9 8. They are. not actually removed from the hard disk until the user "empty" the Recycle Bin. But if you want to find something quickly. It is a safety feature.1.9 FIND Using Windows 95 it is easy to locate files and folders on the computer.
This will activate the Find Dialog box.Fig. Select Control Panel from the Settings option of Start Menu 2. You can also use wildcard character to Find files Fig. 2. type the name of the file or folder you are looking for. In the Find dialog box. Follow the instructions on your screen. if the Install/Uninstall tab is selected. To install a program from a floppy disk or CD-ROM 1. Follow the instructions on your screen. and your computer is already connected to a network. and then click Next. To install a program from a network 1. click Install button. Note 23 . Now select the Option " Files or Folders". and then click Find Now. Double Click on the Add/Remove Programs icon. 11 8.10 Click on the Start button and select "Find" option. 8. 3. Click here to open the Add/Remove Programs dialog box.10 WORK WITH PROGRAMS Windows 95 provides higher level of flexibility in terms of installing and removing programs.
To use DOS prompt. this feature has not been enabled on your computer. 8. Double Click on the Add/Remove Programs icon. or both. 3. your network. and then point to Programs. For all other programs. 24 . Follow the instructions on your screen. Click/Select MS-DOS Prompt. Click the Start button. you must connect to it by using My Computer or Windows Explorer. 2. 1. To remove a program from your computer 1. or type the path to it in the text box. Select Control Panel from the Settings option of Start Menu 2.If you do not have a Network Install tab in the Add/Remove Programs dialog box. Note Only programs that were designed for Windows 95 can be removed by using Add/Remove Programs. If you are not already connected to the shared folder you want to install from. See your system administrator.11 MS-DOS WINDOW Windows 95 provides the flexibility of executing most of the DOS commands or DOS based program without going out of Windows 95 GUI. check the program's documentation to determine which files should be removed.
• • 8. press ALT+ENTER. To quit MS-DOS.Fig 8.12 CHANGE WINDOWS SETTINGS 25 . To switch between a full screen and a window. click or type Exit at the command prompt. and then click Toolbar.12 Tips • To view the toolbar. click the MS-DOS icon in the title bar.
Fig 8. You can also activate these tools from Control panel by selecting the Display icon.13 Desktop Background To change the background of the desktop • • Right Click on the Desktop to view the Display properties. Using these tools you can change the desktop background. In the Pattern or Wallpaper list. 26 . To activate these tools. This will display a menu now select the Properties option. wallpaper and lots of other settings according to your choice. right click on the windows.Windows 95 provides tools to change the look and feel of the desktop window. click the pattern or wallpaper you want to use.
8.13 SHUT DOWN THE COMPUTER Click the Start button. However.14 Tips • • • To cover the entire screen with wallpaper image. pixel type and display adapter for the system. and then select the option Shut down the Computer and click on the Yes button. Using the Settings option. Patterns and wallpaper can be used simultaneously. Similarly all other option such as Appearance. one can select the number of colors. click Tile. 8.Fig. you will not be able to see the pattern. Screen Saver and Settings can be used. if Title is selected. click Center. 27 . To center a wallpaper image. Click the Shut Down button.
d. Choose the best answer for the following questions. b. What is the Windows 3. d. c. b.x series equivalent to Windows Explorer in Windows95? a.15 Important Do not turn off your computer until the "You can now safely turn off your computer" message appears. Which of the following is introduced exclusively in Windows95? a. 28 .Fig. Answer whether the following statement is True (T) or False (F).1 1. Top IN-TEXT QUESTIONS 8. c. Control panel File manager Start button None of the above 2. Program manager File manager Print manager None of the above 3. 8.
and also we learned how to change look and feel of Windows 95 desktop according to user requirement. c. 4. Inbox in Windows 95 is used for ______________________. b.15 TERMINAL QUESTIONS a. how Windows95 is different from Windows 3. (c) 2. (b) 3. Windows 95 does not support Ms-DOS based application. (a) Getting e-mail. 8. c. It explained the new features of Windows95 and hardware requirement for installation. Here we discussed how to do file management in Windows 95. d.x series. e.16 FEEDBACK TO IN-TEXT QUESTIONS IN-TEXT QUESTIONS 8. Explain what do you understand by multitasking? What is the minimum hardware requirement for installing Windows95 software? What is the purpose of recycle bin? Explain the steps involved to shut down Windows95. d. In Windows 95 desktop icons can be created. In the beginning it discussed what is GUI and its usefulness. Windows 95 is a application software. You also learned about various Windows 95 icons and their usability. WHAT YOU HAVE LEARNT This lesson introduced you to one of the most popular and widely used GUI operating system in desktop environment. GUI stands for ________________________. 29 .(a) True (b) False (c) False (d) False 4.a.1 1. but can not be deleted. Windows 95 supports file name of 255 characters including space in between. b. Fill in the blanks a. b. Briefly explain. (b) Graphical User Interface. 8.