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HKCEE Paper I running answer text 2002 Biology


(a)(i) The plant tissue cannot carry out photosynthesis, so it needs an external supply of sugar for respiration to release energy and to obtain raw materials for growth. (a)(ii) The genetic make-up of the daughter plants was the same as that of the parent plant because the daughter plants were formed by mitosis of the parent tissue cells. (a)(iii) For plant B, the sterilized soil had no microorganisms for recycling the fallen leaves into minerals. After several weeks, the minerals in the soil became exhausted, so insufficient chlorophyll was made and signs of yellowing showed. (a)(iv) This method is a faster / surer way of producing daughter plants. The desirable characteristics of the parent can be retained in the daughter plants. (accept other reasonable answers) (b)(i) (1) Z Deficiency of vitamin D will lead to poor bone growth. As Z is not strong enough, the body weight exerting on it will cause it to bend. (2) The body produces its own vitamin D under sunlight / UV light (b)(ii) because when producing movements, one muscle contracts, the other relaxes / the contraction of M bends the arm and that of N extends the arm. (b)(iii) Title (T) Position of load, effort, fulcrum correct (P) Direction of arrows correct (A) The weight of the forearm forms the load The force generated by the contraction of muscle M forms the effort The elbow joint forms the fulcrum




Lever system for lifting the right forearm 1. (c)(i) (1) 40 mg per 100 cm3 blood (2) 65 mg per 100 cm3 blood (The unit should be included and correct) (c)(ii) In the healthy person, the initial rise in blood glucose level stimulates the secretion of insulin by the pancreas. Insulin stimulates the conversion of glucose into glycogen in the liver to lower the blood glucose level. As there is less insulin secretion in the diabetic person, the increase in blood glucose level in the healthy person is smaller.

(c)(iii) Starting from the 36th minute, the blood glucose level of the diabetic person is higher than the upper limit for complete reabsorption of glucose, so glucose is present in the filtrate. The presence of glucose lowered the water potential of the filtrate, thus the reabsorption of water is reduced and a larger volume of urine would be produced.

2002-CE-BIO I-1

And it is one-cell thick. C or E / gonorrhea / syphilis (accept other correct answers) (a)(iii) Menstruation will still occur. (2) Atmospheric oxygen first dissolves into the water film on the moss leaf and then diffuses in through the entire surface of the leaf.e. so the growth was / activities of bacteria were the fastest. As a shellfish feeds on many algae and the substance can neither be excreted nor broken down by shellfish. so the surface area to volume ratio is large. (accept other reasonable answers) (c)(ii) Because the patient suffers from excessive loss of minerals / water / dehydration (c)(iii) (1) Biotoxins (2) The harmful substance in microscopic algae is passed to shellfish through feeding. 2. Since the operation does not affect the production of the female sex hormone by the ovary and the transport of the hormone by blood. This would lead to a high rate of water loss from the plant in dry environment. (c)(i) July – September This is because the temperatures in these months were the highest. under the influence of the female sex hormone. the uterine lining will still get thicker and shed off later (a)(iv) Title (T) Drawing including cell outline (D) Two chromosomes shown i. (b)(i) (1) *stoma (2) It allows carbon dioxide to enter the leaf for photosynthesis in cell B. the less the microorganisms can grow in the food. The shorter the time for the food to be left at room temperature. (a)(i) It forms a physical barrier to prevent sperms from meeting the ovum.HKCEE Paper I running answer text 2002 Biology 2. haploid. (a)(ii) AIDS / hepatitis B. 2002-CE-BIO I-2 . chromosomes as single thread The ovum 2. (b)(ii) (1) The moss leaf has no cuticle. the substance would be accumulated to a high level in the shellfish (c)(iv) Cooking the food thoroughly is to kill all the microorganisms in the food.

(b)(v) Different types of bats have different diets. etc (a)(ii) Value x would decrease This is because vaseline blocks the stomata and the leaf surfaces so the rate of transpiration would drop. when its rate drops. Thus intact seeds are egested in the faeces. The seed coat protects the seeds from being digested in the alimentary canal. cellular metabolism. 2002-CE-BIO I-3 . formation of new cells.g. thus more resources would be available to the bats. because bat B feeds on plants which contains more indigestible materials. Hence the risk of extinction of bats due to the disappearance of a certain food source would be smaller.HKCEE Paper I running answer text 2002 Biology 3. The water gained is essential for various life processes e. less water would be absorbed by the plant. (b)(i) (1) mammal (2) body covered with hair (b)(ii) insects / invertebrates (b)(iii) Bat B feeds on fruits.2 x represents the amount of water absorbed by the plant y represents the amount of water transpired/lost by the plant (3) Value x is larger than value y This indicates that there is a net gain of water by the plant. As transpiration enhances the absorption of water. support.5 y = 1. 3. photosynthesis. (a)(i) (1) (2) x = 1. (b)(iv) Bat B produces a larger amount of faeces per day than bat C.

Therefore. only the dominant character is shown. individuals 1 and 2 have short fingers. so she must have received at least one allele for normal fingers from either of her parents (individual 1 or 2).HKCEE Paper I running answer text 2002 Biology 3. absence of the original protein will result in a change in the metabolic activities of cells. (c)(iii) Parent Gamete Offspring Individual 6 ff f ff All offspring have normal fingers × Female homozygous for normal fingers ff f (parent / gamete / offspring should be included) 2002-CE-BIO I-4 . Since proteins may be enzymes or may have other functions in the cell. In the heterozygous condition. short fingers is the dominant character. so each of them must carry at least one allele for short fingers. Thus at least one of individuals 1 and 2 is heterozygous. (c)(i) (1) (2) Mutation is a sudden change in the genetic materials A mutation may lead to the synthesis of a new protein or the failure to synthesize a certain protein. However. (c)(ii) Short fingers is the dominant character. Individual 3 is normal.

cannot transmit nerve impulses to the cerebrum where the nerve impulses are interpreted into hearing. because D. From the capillary to the vein. being in semi-solid form.HKCEE Paper I running answer text 2002 Biology 4. the blood in the vein has overcome great resistance after traveling over a long distance. (c)(i) From 20oC to 60oC. 2002-CE-BIO I-5 . From 80oC to 100oC. heart-heart / artery-vein / aorta-vena cava / arteriole-venule 4. (b)(ii) To allow more time for the exchange of materials between the blood and the tissue cells. Coagulated milk protein. Also. (c)(ii) Fresh ginger juice contains an enzyme that converts soluble milk protein into the insoluble form. (a)(i) The loudness of the sound heard would be smaller. This is because the blood in the artery is directly under the pumping action of the heart. Change in oxygen content of the blood in its circulation between the heart and the leg 4. E and F (a)(iii) (1) *cochlea (2) They serve as receptors to detect sound vibrations and they produce nerve impulses upon receiving the vibrations. (a)(iv) Due to the frequent loud noises. This can be supported by the coagulating effect of fresh ginger juice which is lost upon boiling. (c)(iii) In the stomach. the sensory hair cells are over-stimulated. can be retained in the stomach for a longer period of time to be digested by the protease. (a)(v) Hearing will be lost. the rate of coagulation decreases as temperature increases. (b)(iii) The volume of blood flow through each section of the circulation per unit time is the same. (b)(i) The blood pressure in the vein is much lower than that in the artery. while that in the vein is not. because A is used for collecting sound waves into the external ear canal. the rate of coagulation of milk by ginger juice increases with increasing temperature. the total cross-sectional area decreases. (a)(ii) C. The rate of coagulation is highest at 60oC – 80oC. so the velocity of blood flow increases. (b)(iv) Title (T) Shape of the curve showing the drop in O2 content at the capillary (S) Correct axis labels (A) : oxygen content. being damaged. so they are damaged.