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Charlie Chaplin

was born in London, on 16th April, in 1889. Outside of the East Lane,

Walworth in a family of artists. His parents - Charles Chaplin Sr. and Hannah Chaplin (on stage Lily Gurley) - were stand-up actors. Shortly before the wedding with a Chaplin-St., Hannah gave birth to Sidney Hill, a half-brother of Charlie, from a certain Jew named Hawks. Charles Chaplin Sr. - owner of a pleasant baritone - was in the mid-1880s, is very popular in London music halls. He often had to go on tour in Europe, he played in New York. His repertoire met and songs composed by him. Stage career Charles Spencer Chaplin Sr. ended tragically: he lost his voice, lost his engagement, took to drink and died May 9, 1901 in London's St Thomas' Hospital at the age of 37 years. In addition, the paternal grandmother, who died when Charlie was not yet six years old, came from the Smith family, who belonged to the Roma than the actor himself was extremely proud, though described it in his autobiography as "the skeleton in the family closet" (or "very terrible secret"). Charlie made his first appearance on stage in 1894, at the age of five years, replacing the program of music hall of his mother. Due to problems with the larynx and later she lost her voice at all necessary for a singing job. Little Charlie tore applause of spectators who were on the scene to throw coins and banknotes. He won the audience even more by becoming a childlike to collect money during the performance, and then returned to the stage and finished the song from the repertoire of his mother. On stage, Hannah does not return. Hannah Chaplin, shortly after her husband was seriously ill. Brothers Sid and Charlie (and his mother) were in the workhouse at Lambeth, and then were sent to a school for orphans and for poor children. They had to earn for a living. In 1896, Hannah lost her mind and was later placed in a psychiatric hospital. For some time, his own son and stepson to take in Charles Chaplin Sr., who already had a new wife and son, 4 years younger than his half-brother, Charlie. In 1903, he (at age 14) to get a permanent job in the theater and ''as a messenger Billy'' in the play of "Sherlock Holmes." At this time, Chaplin was virtually illiterate. When he was given the role of the text, he was afraid that he was asked to read aloud a few paragraphs. The role helped him learn Sidni. ''21 brother'' in February 1908 has a place in the theater actor Fred Karno company, which supplies ready skits and pantomimes for a number of music halls, and soon became one of the key actors in a number of productions (some of which he later adapted for the screen). In Switzerland, Chaplin wrote the music for his silent films, the voice of the film "The Gold Rush." The actor was awarded the International Peace Prize in 1954. In his film "A King in New York" (1957) Chaplin himself plays the main role. In 1964, Chaplin published his memoirs, which were the basis of the biographical film "Chaplin" (1992). The last film, "A Countess from Hong Kong" Chaplin puts on its scenario in 1967, the main roles are played by Sophia Loren and Marlon Brando. In 1972, Chaplin was the second time an honorary "Oscar". For this, he went for a short time in the U.S. - he was given only a limited visa. March 4, 1975 Chaplin was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. Artist died in his sleep Dec. 25, 1977 at his home in Vevey, and was buried in the local cemetery. In memory of Charlie Chaplin on the shores of Lake Geneva, a monument.

March 1, 1978 Chaplin's coffin was dug up and kidnapped for ransom. Police arrested the criminals, and the actor's body was reburied 17 May 1978 in the cemetery Meruz in Corsiersur-Vevey, Switzerland, under 6 feet (1.8 meters) of concrete, in the future to prevent such attempts. Chaplin was married four times, he had 12 children. Some of them also tried his hand at acting break, but fame as an actress got a Geraldine Chaplin.

Sir Charles Spencer "Charlie" Chaplin, (16 April 1889 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor and filmmaker. Chaplin became a worldwide icon through his screen persona "the Tramp" and is considered one of the most important figures of the film industry. His career spanned more than 75 years. Chaplin was named after his father, a British music hall entertainer. Raised in London, Chaplin's childhood was defined by poverty and hardship. He spent his early childhood with his mother, the singer Hannah Hall, and made his own stage debut at age five, filling in when his mother lost her voice in midsong. He was sent to a workhouse twice before the age of nine; his father was absent, and his mother was committed to a mental asylum. Whereupon Charlie and his half brother Sydney were sent to a series of bleak workhouses and residential schools. Using his mothers show-business contacts, Charlie became a professional entertainer in 1897 when he joined the Eight Lancashire Lads, a clog-dancing act. His subsequent stage credits included a small role in William Gillettes Sherlock Holmes and a stint with the vaudeville act Caseys Court Circus. In 1908 he joined the Fred Karno pantomime troupe, quickly rising to star status as The Drunk in the ensemble sketch A Night in an English Music Hall. Chaplin began performing from a young age, touring music halls and later working as a stage actor and comedian. At 19 he was signed to the prestigious Fred Karno company, which took him to America. Chaplin was scouted by the film industry, and made his first appearances in 1914 with Keystone Studios. He soon developed the Tramp persona and formed a large fan base. Chaplin directed his films from an early stage, and continued to hone his craft as he moved to the Essanay, Mutual, and First National corporations. By 1918, he was one of the most famous men in the world. In 1919, Chaplin co-founded the distribution company United Artists, giving him complete control over his films. His first feature-length picture was The Kid (1921), followed by A Woman of Paris (1923), The Gold Rush (1925), and The Circus (1928). He refused to move to sound films in the 1930s, instead producing City Lights (1931) and Modern Times (1936) without dialogue. Chaplin became increasingly political and his next film, The Great Dictator (1940), satirised Adolf Hitler. The 1940s was a decade marked with controversy for Chaplin, and his popularity declined rapidly. He was accused of communist sympathies, while his involvement in a paternity suit and marriages to much younger women were considered scandalous. An FBI investigation was opened on Chaplin, and he was eventually forced to leave the United States and settle in Switzerland. He abandoned the Tramp for his later films, which include Monsieur Verdoux (1947), Limelight (1952), A King in New York (1957), and A Countess From Hong Kong (1967). Chaplin wrote, directed, produced, edited, scored, and starred in most of his films. He was a perfectionist, and his financial independence meant he often spent years on the development and production of a picture. His films are characterised by slapstick combined with pathos, and often feature

the Tramp struggling against adversity. Many contain social and political themes, as well as autobiographical elements. In 1972, as part of a renewed appreciation for his work, Chaplin received an Honorary Academy Award for "the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century". He continues to be held in high regard, with The Gold Rush, City Lights, Modern Times, and The Great Dictator often ranked among the greatest films of all time.