1

REPORT ON
THE ANTI-HUMAN TRAFFICKING
WORKSHOP AT BAGESHWAR,
UTTARAKHAND
HELD ON THE 16
TH
OF AUGUST 2013





94, Race Course, Near State Bank Of India, Bannu Inter College ,Dehradun www.empowerpeople.org.in

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TABLE OF CONTENTS


S.NO.


TOPIC

PAGE NO.

1.

PROLOGUE TO THE WORKSHOP

- Purpose of the Workshop


3-4

2.


SESSIONS

2.1 By Dr Veena Krishnan, Clinical Psychologist

2.2 By Mr. Anurag Bisaria, Adovocate, Uttarakhand
High Court

2.3 By Mr. Gyanendra Kumar, CO-DIRECTOR.,
Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter


5-10

3.

Closing Ceremony


11

4.

Feedback Form Analysis


12-14

5.

Annexure A - Sample Feedback Form


15

6.

Annexure B – Banners at the workshop


16




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PROLOGUE TO THE WORKSHOP
“Gender equality is more than a goal itself. It is a precondition for meeting the challenge of
reducing poverty, promoting sustainable development and building good governance.”
-Kofi Annan
Empower People is a registered NGO since 2006 under the Societies Registration Act,
1860.The NGO has had immense work experience in the field of human trafficking and honour
crimes. The organization is spread over eight States of India and is gradually taking the form
and shape of a grass root social movement. Having now taken up the responsibility of
Uttarakhand, we have conducted several workshops on Human Trafficking for the police
personnel’s and we have given it the name -Cool Police Campaign.
The Cool Police Campaign had to be stopped due to the disaster in Uttarakhand. It has been
once again been revived by Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter and the same was done at
Bageshwar on the 16th of August 2013.

We at Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter strongly believe that Human Trafficking is a
growing menace which requires immediate attention of the enforcement agency in the State. Mr.
Gyanendra Kumar CO-DIRECTOR, Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter strongly believes
that this problem can only be tackled if the Police also develops a strong network because
Human Trafficking is a strong network based crime.

PURPOSE OF THE WORKSHOP

• Create awareness amongst the Police personnel’s about the various elements, stages
involved in Human Trafficking.
• To give information about the vulnerable areas in the State that would help the Police to
look at the weak areas with a different perspective in order to curb the menace.
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• To impart legal information about Human Trafficking, i.e., the new Amendments
brought about in IPC, CrPC. In particular the new Section added in Indian Penal Code,
Section 370A which specifically deals with the said crime.
• To help the Police personnel’s identify the mistakes made while making the case and the
steps that could be taken to make the case stronger in the court.
• To sensitize the Police personnel’s towards the victims of Human Trafficking.
• Through activities make them aware about the importance working together and
building a strong network.



















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SESSIONS
The Cool Police Campaign was organized by
Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter in
Bageshwar on the 16
th
of August 2013 at Police
Lines, Bageshwar. The Program commenced
from 10:30 AM. It was started on an auspicious
note with S.P. Nivedita Kukreti, IPS lighting the
lamp. Our expert panel comprised of Mr.
Gyanendra Kumar, CO-DIRECTOR., Empower
People, Uttarakhand Chapter, Dr. Veena
Krishnan, Clinical Psychologist and Mr. Anurag
Bisaria, Advocate, Uttarakhand High Court. Ms.
Priya Raturi, State Coordinator introduced the
organization and the first speaker for the day.
1. DR. VEENA KRISHNAN, Clinical Psychologist
Dr. Veena started the session by asking everyone to introduce one self and what they were
expecting from the workshop. The responses that she got were that they wanted to learn about
Human Trafficking, the legal aspects so as to protect the women and children and in turn stop the
crime. There was a unanimous voice about learning how to handle Human Trafficking cases in a
better way and how they could control the crime.
Activity: After the introductions, Dr. Veena made
all the Police Personnel’s stand with their hands
up. They were asked to clap with one finger and to
note the faint sound, then clap with two, three, four
and eventually five fingers. The sound kept
increasing with the increase in number of fingers.
The aim of this workshop was to work like the five
fingers, together because only when we are
working together can we make a bigger difference
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and a louder noise to be heard.
Dr. Veena, with the help of a power point presentation explained what is trafficking and how
women and children are sold several times for money. This led to another activity.
Activity: This was the blind fold activity. It took about fifteen minutes, and everyone was back in
the hall. The blindfolded police personnel’s were
asked how they felt that they made someone else
incharge for their safety. They said that it was
difficult and they wanted it to get over soon because
they felt helpless. The Police personnel’s guiding
were asked to share their experience and they said
that they felt good that they were giving support.
The aim of this activity was to make them
understand the mental state of a victim because she
is also like a blind folded person, scared and clueless.

Dr. Veena went on to explain the audience about forms of human trafficking, difference between
migrations and smuggling, trafficking and prostitution. Everyone was asked whether they
sympathize with a victim of Commercial Sexual Exploitation. One lady constable said that she
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encountered a case where a married woman who
had four children left her family and was now a
prostitute, when asked why she was there, she said
she has come with her own wish. With this Dr.
Krishnan cleared the concept of consent and how
it’s inconsequential. The Police personnel’s were
asked what makes people vulnerable to being
trafficked. The responses were – Poverty,
illiteracy, Domestic Violence, deception, high
aspirations, poor law enforcement, natural disasters
etc. After the lunch break the next session that started was gender sensitization for everyone
present. With the help of examples, activities
Dr Veena told the audience to change their
thinking.
Activity: Everyone was divided in groups of five
and each group was given a case study related to
rescue operations by the Police in brothels. The
task was to enlist the mistakes committed by the
police in the said case studies and what could be
done to improve the situation. After fifteen minutes everyone got together for discussion. After all
the groups, SP, Nivedita Kukreti, I.P.S., added some suggestions like, send someone for recce of the
said brothel and that police officer or constable could act like a customer and in turn find out how
many rooms are there, how many girls and what is the best time to catch maximum people. During
the raid, one person should make a video film, this way all faces will be covered in the video, if any
allegation is made on the police then that can be cleared from the video and they could also learn
from their mistakes. The SP added and laid stress that the victim has to be made comfortable, secure
and a number of follow up’s to the girl for her to reveal all details to the police. Only with regular
follow ups will the victim disclose information about names of middle men, suppliers, brothel
managers etc.
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The session was concluded by Dr. Veena Krishnan by urging for each present to be the change
maker, to do more and better work

2. MR. ANURAG BISARIA, Advocate, Uttarakhand High Court

Mr. Anurag started the session by telling that Human Trafficking is a problem which is societal,
psychological and legal. To curb the same we all need to do out bit. He gave a brief history about
the legislations that have been in India with respect
to Human Trafficking. His main focus was on the
2013 Amendments in particular Section 370 A,
Indian Penal Code. It’s a new Section developed in
particular for Human Trafficking. The Section was
explained word by word for a better understanding.

Mr. Bisaria laid stress on applying the right section
for the case while making the chargesheet. He said,
“Confine your case to one section rather than
applying too many. Additional sections don’t help the matter much.”

3. MR. GYANENDRA KUMAR, CO-DIRECTOR., Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter
Mr Gyanendra started with giving information
about Bageshwar district and the areas
sensitive to Human Trafficking. He laid ample
stress on the fact that Human Trafficking is a
crime with an organized network and to curb
the same, the police needs to build a stronger
network and for that they will have to take the
village chowkidar, ASHA workers, school
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teachers, the candidate who lost elections at panchayat level etc., in their confidence.
He explained different ways of trafficking, namely, child trafficking, organ trafficking, beggary,
bride trafficking, commercial sexual exploitation.
• Child Trafficking is done for beggary, slavery, bonded labour, adoption. Mr. Gyanendra gave a
new perspective to the whole situation where he told the police to pay attention to incidents
where a Leopard kills a child and the body or any other remains are not found. He revealed that
70% of the time the body is not found. He urged them to think from this perspective too. The
other new angle that made everyone think was the increase in number of adoption centers in
National Capital Region. For a better understanding to the problem, the same was explained
stage wise –
1. Carrier – The carrier in this are the parents or relatives. They themselves sell their
children for monetary gain.
2. Medium – In child trafficking for adoption, the ward boys or any other hospital staff
contact the parents.
3. Booker – The bookers are various adoption centers.
4. Trafficker – Childless couples in India and abroad.
In all of this Uttarakhand is a source station from where children are taken away and
Uttarakhand Police must lay stress on prevention than rescue operations.
• Bride Trafficking is a growing menace in which girls are taken from Uttarkhand to States like
Haryana. On the name of marriage they are taken from Uttarakhand and exploited in the name
of archaic customs like niyog, kareva and evil practices like paro. The girls are sexually,
physically abused. The police needs to
prevent this by taking verifications from
the people coming as a part of marriage
procession.
• Organ Trafficking – Uttarakhand is being
used as a transit point, source station and
there is also a corridor in the State. The
police has to be vigilant by checking
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roadways buses carefully and if they are suspicious of someone then to just ask the person to lift
his shirt, there will be a cut on the stomach in case of organ sale.
One main query by the Police was that because the parents are involved in the sale, no one
comes forward with a complaint. To this, SP Nivedita Kukreti, IPS reminded them that the
Criminal Procedure Code gives them the power they can take action for a cognizable offence if
they feel things are not right. She asked all the police personnel present to open their vision.
Mr. Gyanendra concluded the session by once again telling that Uttarakhand is a source station
and a destination for only beggary in Haridwar. To build a strong network to stop Human
Trafficking.














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CLOSING CEREMONY
After completion of all the sessions, Ms. Priya Raturi, State Coordinator thanked everyone for
their participation and requested SP Nivedita Kukreti, IPS to give her remarks on the workshop.
SP Niveditta Kukreti thanked Empower People, Uttarakhand Chapter for the workshop. She
was glad that the police personnel’s present could learn about what trafficking is, how
trafficking happens, the changes made in IPC, CrPC. She had a few suggestions, namely, the
power point presentation to be in Hindi. To share information about the practical aspects like
what questions to be asked to the victim, evidence to be taken for the case to be stronger. All in
all she said that the workshop was very informative.
After the closing remarks by SP Nivedita Kukreti, IPS, Ms Priya Raturi requested her to give
away the participation certificates.


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FEEDBACK FORM ANALYSIS
The workshop was attended by 68 police personnel’s, they were all given a feedback form and
asked to fill up the same by the end of the workshop. A sample of the form is attached as
Annexure A. The compiled responses in the feedback form are as follows -
1. Workshop is a good medium to sensitize police on a regular basis.

2. This workshop helps us to learn the basics of Anti-Human Trafficking and also about
how police can work against such crimes.

3. Human trafficking is a big problem, NGO’S who work in this particular area needs the
support of reinforcement agencies and society for which support must be provided to the
NGO’S to fight back against human trafficking.

4. The workshop was really effective and it should be conducted from time to time.


5. The participant was happy to be a part of this kind of workshop, they got to know a lot
about the routes, network and traffickers. To understand the network is really very
tough, and they wished to attend the workshop on the same very soon.


6. This is really appreciable practice done by NGO. One of the police personnel thanked
the experts and suggested the workshop must be extended for three days.

7. Police should get more power so that they can stop this crime beyond the boundaries.


8. This kind of workshop plays an important role and must be organized at village level.

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9. By the means of this workshop we can stop the crime rate against women and children
who has been trafficked in our State.


10. NGO’s should provide the literature or printed material related to law and latest
amendments.

11. Work done by the NGO is really appreciable and this kind of sensitization workshop
should be for a longer duration. Beside this workshop, we can also make the public
aware by means of publicity.


12. Human trafficking is a brutal crime that has to be prevented before taking place,
otherwise rescuing them is really tough job for police as they are not aware of the route
and networks of traffickers. The police must also be sensitive towards women and
children because they are the victims of this crime.

13. We have to be more dedicated and sensitive towards the victim. Psychology and law
session was quite interesting and amendments done in IPC will help us at our workplace
to file a report against traffickers. Anti human trafficking workshop has to be done for
little more time so that we can enhance what we know and can discuss the problems that
came across in the field.

14. We learnt about the rescue procedures and how to deal with victim as she is not in the
state of telling anything. Workshop was quite effective and we should also make the
public aware about trafficking.


15. Trafficking for prostitution is cruel and to stop this, education and awareness is the only
medium. Sensitization workshops, street plays, awareness campaign must be conducted
at school and college level.
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16. Through this workshop we learnt the mindset of parents, behavior of traffickers and their
networks. We also got to know about the rescue operations and how we can work on
preventions.

17. Anti human trafficking workshop should be conducted at village level to sensitize
directly the victim and their guardians. Role of police is remarkable here as we are the
reinforcement agencies and we would like to request NGO guide us in trafficking related
issues.

18. This program should be organized at the thane (police station) level so that every cop
gets sensitized.

19. This is very effective course for the police force through which we are made aware
about human trafficking and the vulnerable parts of Uttarakhand villages.

20. Two is better than one, NGO’s and police force can change the scenario, they must work
to create a better future of girl’s who have been trafficked and prevent the same.


21. Examples are really good we want more examples to understand everything thoroughly.

22. Workshop was good and interesting as well. Sessions taken by Veena madam was really
effective and also provide elaborate movies or examples through which we can
understand the verbal things much better.

23. One of the police personnel was attending such a workshop for the first time and felt
sensitized towards women and children. Also, such workshops should be organized in
the future to learn and implement better.


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ANNEXURE A
SAMPLE FEEDBACK FORM


FEEDBACK FORM
ANTI - HUMAN TRAFFICKING WORKSHOP
Date: - _______
·i- ¤· ¤· …………………………………………………………………
¬i¤ ………………………………………………………
l”i·ii ………………………………………………………
¤l¬¬ - ¬« ¬ ¬i¤ºn r …………………………………………………………………

·n-i· n·ini …………………………………………………………………
·¤l·nnn l··ººi ·¤l·nnn l··ººi ·¤l·nnn l··ººi ·¤l·nnn l··ººi
··ilr¬ l-·iln …………………………………………………………………

¬ni· ………………………………………………………………
¤ilº·ilº¬ l-·iln …………………………………………………………………
¤i· ·a …………………………………………………………………
¬ni· ¤· ¤lnl¬¤i …………………………………………………………………
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ANNEXURE B




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