ODE ( in ancient meter

In the first stanza of the poem „Oda(în metru antic) we find themes like: solitude death, love, and self-knowledge. Is the confesion of the artist, the creator who aspire towords the absolute. “I never thought I would ever learn to die” is the most tragic line in this poetry because it explain the inner pain of the artist, you can’t learn to die , this action of learning something which is impossible implies obligatory restlessness, death is only a pass to something else to absolute to something more profound. These death wich the poet learns is the one that will release the spirit, is like a metamorphosis, like a initiation. The artist says that he never thought that he would learn to day because when you are young death seems to be so far away that gives you sometimes the feeling that you are immortal like the nature and in these case in a romantic analyze the creator seems to identify himself with the cosmos and with the idea of regeneration. “Forever young ,enveloped in my cloak” if we pay attention to the cloak and we refer to Christianity, we can associate on a way the image of the artist with the image of the monks who wears these like a symbol of their choice of isolation with regard of the material world and a permanent search of God and of the inner good that exist in every human being. The artist uses these expression because in his case just like in the case of the monks the cloak represent a wall between him and the material and limited world. He chooses isolation because he can’t find his place in the society, where evrething that is different is not accepted and is judget. So choosing this isolation the artist choose something better something spiritual and he can be “Forever young” because his spirit and soul can’t be altered by the others, by limitation and materialism. On the other way Bible sais that when Jesus was juged was forced to wear a red cloak and a crown ofthorns in order to be humiliated, we can associate this image to the artist and in this case the cloak can represent pain like a punish and humiliation, shame. A pain provocated by the rest and more important by his own condition because in the artist vision to be human is degrading. . “I rose my dreaming eyes to the star/ Of solitude” in Platon’s view when people look to the star they look for immortality in a different form, he belivedthat at the beginig souls were flouting somewhere between Sky and Earth trying to find their way. Some of the souls were able to asced to the sky and to became Gods while the rest have hit the canopy of heaven and they fell on Earth where by mixing with clay have turned in human beings. Since then people looks up to the sky hoping that one day they can became Gods. Here the artist can be seen like the people who are looking for a upper condition because his human body is not enough for the spirit who feels captive in this body like in a prision.Loneliness is caused by the ego of the creator, of the artist and by his condition of human being because he needs something else a

superior condition. the level of the spirit and spirituality knowledge. complete. Time of the verbs in first stanza is Imperfect wich in Romanian language express action that aren’t finished so these pain and these learning of the artist is continuous. This solution could help him to become the man who was before the experience of love. can become a stronger person physically. that help at the personification of the “suffering” and also we can take it as a direct addressing to her. Poet may see death as a solution to his suffering. a relese and the only way to obtain these things is death who is seen here like a pass to next level. The action of drinking the voluptuosness death makes us remember the Holy Grail from which Jesus drank during the Last Supper or the chalice used to collect the blood of Jesus after crucifiction. In the third verse “Până-n fund băui voluptatea morții” we find various meanings. The world of the dead 2 . death appears directly in the third verse. Every person must know the pain along his life because only in this way (knowing good and evil ). On the other hand. The star of solitude is a symbol of the theme of solitude because the artist choose isolation in order to keep his spirit pure. profound and untouched by the human misery like in Christianity when Jesus choose isolation during 40 days time while he fasts and lives in the desert helped by Holy Spirit. in Greek mythology the realm (which is underground) of the dead is only one and is led by god Hades. Here we can refer to “Iona”by Marin Sorescu and say that “death” can be seen sometimes as a liberation. Love doesn’t appear directly in these four verses but it can be revealed from the personification of the “suffering” which may refer to a woman and also caused this suffering. The two main themes of this stanza are love and death. suferință tu” the poet in this way was taken by surprise. The writer uses a second oxymoron “voluptatea morții/ Ne-nduratoare”. in the dreamy atmosphere. Pain can function like an intrument used in order to achieve the spiritual ascent. The loss of this stability means that the human being lost himself and this fact is accentuated by the oxymoron “dureros de dulce”. The beginning of the poem brings also in attention the production of an emotional stability. suffering appears as the main theme “Când deodată tu răsăriși în cale-mi. If in many cultures and also mythologies we can find the world divided in two (Paradise and Hell. In the second verse. we discover a personal pronoun “tu”. mentally and also spiritually. Greeks had a pessimistic perception of death. to accentuate the double condition of the human being who aspire everytime to the absolute but also remains tied to the land in which he was born and where it will return at the end of his life. Self -knowledge is the beginning of the self-transformation when you touch these level you can live counciously of one self. The great pain caused and still present is highlighted by the perfect simple verbs like “răsăriși” and “băui”. In the second stanza of the poem.

in the tale is about Hercules who is married with Deianira. forming with it a whole. Both love Deianira and they are fight for she. he remained between life and death on the shore. the soul separates from the body. but also is about suffering of lyrical ego caused by woman in love. and will rise to your inheritance at the end of the days”( Dan. In conclusion the suffering poet is compared with Hercules and Nessus. If the deceased doesn’t give the money to Charon. The second stage Deianira is jelous of Hercules and she is dress with the poisoned robe that is sticks by the body of Hercules. Off the pyre Hercules is taken in Olympus and is converted in a immortal man on the strength of his act. she is advised by Nessus to soften a coat in his blood poisoned telling she if a dress the coat Hercules will return she. The syntagma “my fire” suggest the suffering that one feels is due him in highly part. “And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake” (Dan . for you shall rest. Invocation of these mythological characters is designed to create an personal mythology suggesting throes of the poet due to their love. both characters die in love for Deianira.was separated from the other world by the river Styx and the connection is made through a boat driven by Charon. In third stanza is represent by two symbols in particular by centaur Nessus and Hercules the son of Zeus and of and earthly woman Alcmena. From point of grammar are used verbs in the present and conjunctive present such as “fire” and “my fire” who are sugesting once more the pain of the Hercules when he is burnt on 3 . the lyrical egos oscillates between two spirits. is ilustrated trough these symbols a evocation heroes an mythical stories. Greeks buried with the deceased a few coins to have for Charon. in the first instance Hercules hurt Nesuus with an poisonous arrow until reach Hercules if the island were are Deianira and Nessus. 12:2) . In The Christian religion death is not seen as an end. Hercules does not support the pain and prefer spare their pain burning on a pyre. human life passes through three stages: birth. Another passage from the Bible emphasizes the idea of resurection “But you. So afterlife is just a continuation of the of the land but even so death is seen as a tragic event. but there is the possibility of resurrection and was associated with “sleep”. who will be rape of Nessus. The symbols Nessus and Hercules is caused by the woman love Deianira. than endure the pain. After death. two characters from mythology. this pain is illustrated in the first version“ Wretched I burn alive tormented like Nessus ” by this verse is the suffering and the conscious of lyrical ego also. marriage and burial (death ). 12:13) . Out of these characters mythology it is also the fire symbols who suggestting the passion of poet which is turn in the suffering of poet. it integrates the cosmos and unites with nature. go your way till the end. In the Romanian Mythology.

disorder. Thereby. destroys. 1 http://poezii.the stake .”. who aspires to love through solitude. The lyrics “ By my own dream. beyond himself and the common man who can not overcome the subjective condition. 4 . it is canceled by the epithet “brightly”. called by Greek philosophers “Ataraxis” (from a “without” and taraxis “trouble. restore me To my own being!”1 (Translated by Andrei Bantaş) In the last stanza is expressed lyrical desire to return to primary state of tranquility.iis. Phoenix that always regenerates. last accessed on April. This pain can not be stopped not all waters. the poet has access to the purification and regeneration. In this sense. that it is able to reborn from its own ashes. you indifferent sorrow! So that I may quietly die.the human’s paradox. The fourth stanza indicates the lyrical suffering caused by the loss of state of peace due to the feeling of love that made its way into his life. The interrogation “Can I revive?” introduces another fabulous character. death is the only solution for him because he can revive. is an allusion to the need to overcome an existential test in order to find the initial peace. “I’m melting” and “flames”. spiritualization by burning and consume. This reprezents a symbol of hope and spiritual recovery and also marks the eternal search for knowledge. the lyrical ego feels detached from oneself through love. The two lines represent a relation of syntactic symmetry which amplifies the inner struggle by using words from semantic field of the term “fire” like “pyre”. I’ m whining…/ On my own pyre I’m melting in flames” suggest the antithesis between the genius who is the only able to go beyond the subjectivity. The image of pyre is a metaphor of self laceration. 21th. In this way we can also remember Hercules’ earthly and divine origin. As a result of these processes of sublimation.ro/poezii-traduse-engleza/mihai-eminescu-eng/ode-in-ancient-meter/. The negative aspect of fire through that it chokes. highlighting the dual condition of a human being. which involves the spiritual and initiatory aspect of this test. “May all tempting eyes vanish from my pathway Come back to my breast. The reborn is possible because the ashes contains two antithetic terms: death and reborn represented by the presence of Phoenix. burning intensity it is illustrated in the last two version “ My fire can’t be quenched by all the waters” ”Of the seas. consumed. This pain is also expressed by the use of verbs in the Present Tense which shows that the lyrical state is actual. The stanza ends with a line in which potentiality blends with doubt “Can I ever brightly revive from it / Like the Phoenix?”.

” 4 Jean Chevalier. and has a final purpose “I may quietly die”.typepad.. .200.Refacerea armoniei originare a eului risipit. the poet passes from the imperfect tense of the verb through the simple perfect to the imperative mood. Return to the primary state. 5 http://johnfenzel. p. “Dies only one who knows himself”. pp. Teoria literaturii. Love and Death are the marks of an initiatory path. p. în lumea pe care el e chemat să o întemeieze. Radu Sommer coord. 1978. A man of genius has a tragic destiny because his suffering produces the desire of freedom. the verbs are in the imperative mood and suggest the human being aspiration to restore self.a. 6 Cristina Ionescu. Eminescu creates this philosophically poem as a way of self-knowledge and a constant learning of death.. said Nichita Stănescu in his poem Eleventh Elegy.Petrescu said: . is the subject of this Ode. dominated by “indifferent sorrow”. 7 Gabriela Vasilescu. [f. 21th. Editura Premier. Gheorghe Lăzărescu. In this respect. Bucureşti.” 3 Death is the symbol of the end of a human being. Manual pentru liceele de filologie istorie.”7 2 3 Octavian Cheţan. Eminescu. man of genius knows suffering. The title defines the literary genre. “Tragedy is the claims form to get free. and a third verse beginning the same way and continuing with five additional syllables6.unrest”). Editura Artemis.. The form is two hendecasyllabic verses. or of an animal. Ioana Em. astfel. This metaphor means eliminating of any human feeling. in the world founded by him./does not risk wearing a new color.].314 -316. Dicţionar de simboluri. Bucureşti. p. 1994. Death is the symbol of a higher spiritual life 4. The theme illustrates the superiority of a genius. philosophically speaking.poet tragic.l. or of a green plant. The first verse . last accessed on April. named after ancient poetess Sappho. Iaşi.]. 5 ./repeating every day the same routines. But.49. and this fact signifies a permanent conflict between reason and feeling. o elegie a risipirii în timp şi o rugăciune a reîntregirii fiinţei prin moarte. In the last stanza. Through love. Bucureşti. este. namely the moral ideal of spiritual serenity2.com. especially regarding knowledge and self-knowledge. nor talking to those he doesn't/ know. care e totodată. Editura Junimea.137. through uprooting passions (Stoics) or through unconcern (Skeptics). Ataraxis is achieved through detachment from the world turmoil (Epicurus).May all tempting eyes vanish from my pathway” represents a conscious removal from the temptations of love. but it is an antithesis between definition and theme of poetry. Pablo Neruda wrote a poem called Who dies? : “Dies slowly he who transforms himself into a slave of habit. [f. 2004. obiectul acestei Ode. Dicţionar de filozofie.Petrescu. or of a friendship. Editura Didactică şi pedagogică. and also it is an elegy of dissipation in time and a prayer of a reunion of human being through death./ who does not change brands. prin simplul fapt al existenţei. Editura politică.Restoring primary harmony of wasted ego through sim ply fact of its existence. 1980. Ioana Em.. or of peace.” 5In the Roumanian version. Alain Gheerbrant. Estetica. Eminescu uses the Sapphic stanza.

Eminescu – poet tragic. Radu Sommer coord.]: Editura Premier. 6 ..ro. Iaşi: Editura Junimea. http://poezii. 1994. 8. Petrescu. Estetica.typepad. Mioara Avram. 2004. 9.l.iis. The New King James Version. 4. Bucureşti: Humanitas Educaţional. Jean Chevalier. Alain Gheerbrant. 5. 1980. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers. 7. Ioana Em. Ediţia a III-a. Holy Bible. Bucureşti: Editura Artemis. 2.a. Bucureşti: Editura Politică.BIBLIOGRAPHY: 1. Cristina Ionescu. 3. Gramatica pentru toţi. 1978.com. Dicţionar de filozofie. Dicţionar de simboluri.].Octavian Cheţan. Gheorghe Lăzărescu. Gabriela Vasilescu. Teoria literaturii. 1982. 2001. [s. [s. Bucureşti: Editura didactică şi pedagogică. http://johnfenzel. 6.

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