Child's Age 1 month

2 months

3 months

Mastered Skills (most kids can do) • Lifts head when lying on tummy • Responds to sound • Stares at faces • Vocalizes: gurgles and coos • Follows objects across field of vision • Notices his hands • Holds head up for short periods • Recognizes your face and scent • Holds head steady • Visually tracks moving objects • Smiles, laughs • Can bear weight on legs • Coos when you talk to him • Distinguishes between bold colors • Plays with his hands and feet • Turns toward sounds and voices • Imitates sounds • Rolls over in both directions • Sits without support • Drags objects toward herself

4 months

5 months

6 months

7 months

8 months

• Says "mama" and "dada" to both parents (isn't specific) • Passes objects from hand to hand

9 months

• Stands while holding onto something • Jabbers or combines syllables • Understands object permanence • Waves goodbye • Picks things up with pincer grasp • Crawls well, with belly off the ground • Says "mama" and "dada" to the correct parent • Plays patty-cake and peek-a-boo • Stands alone for a couple of seconds • Cruises • Imitates others' activities • Indicates wants with gestures

10 months

11 months

12 months

Child's Age 13 months 14 months

Mastered Skills (most kids can do) • Uses two words skillfully (e.g., "hi" and "bye") • Bends over and picks up an object • Eats with fingers • Empties containers of contents • Imitates others • Plays with ball • Uses three words regularly • Walks backward

15 months

16 months

• Turns the pages of a book • Has temper tantrums when frustrated • Becomes attached to a soft toy or other object • Uses six words regularly • Enjoys pretend games • Likes riding toys • Will "read" board books on his own • Scribbles well • Uses a spoon and fork • Runs • Throws a ball underhand • Enjoys helping around the house • Feeds doll • Takes off own clothes • Dumps an object in imitation, such as throwing garbage away • Can walk up stairs • Able to set simple goals (e.g., deciding to put a toy in a certain place) • Kicks ball forward • Follows two-step requests (e.g., "Get your doll and bring it here") • Names simple picture in a book • Uses 50 to 70 words • Names at least six body parts • Half of speech is understandable • Makes two- to three-word sentences • Stacks six blocks • Walks with smooth heel-to-toe motion • Jumps with both feet • Opens doors • Brushes teeth with help • Washes and dries own hands • Draws a vertical line • Recites own name • Draws a circle

17 months

18 months

19 months

20 months

21 months

22 months

23 months

24 months

25 and 26 months 27 and 28 months 29 and 30 months

31 and 32 months

33 and 34 months • Names one color • Names one friend • Carries on a simple conversation 35 and 36 months • Describes how two objects are used • Uses three to four words in a sentence • Names two actions (e.g., skipping, jumping)

Emerging Skills (half of kids can do) • Follows objects briefly with eyes • Vocalizes: oohs and aahs • Can see black-and-white patterns • Smiles, laughs • Holds head at 45-degree angle • Makes smoother movements • Squeals, gurgles, coos • Blows bubbles • Recognizes your voice • Does mini-pushup • Can grasp a toy • Rolls over, from tummy to back • Recognizes own name • Turns toward new sounds • Rolls over in both directions • Is ready for solid foods • Sits without support • Mouths objects • Passes objects from hand to hand • Lunges forward or starts crawling • Jabbers or combines syllables • Starts to experience stranger anxiety • Stands while holding onto something • Crawls • Points at objects • Searches for hidden objects • Cruises while holding onto furniture • Drinks from a sippy cup • Eats with fingers • Bangs objects together • Says "mama" and "dada" to the correct parent • Indicates wants with gestures • Understands "no" and simple instructions • Puts objects into a container

• Takes a few steps • Says one word besides "mama" and "dada"

Emerging Skills (half of kids can do) • Enjoys gazing at his reflection • Holds out arm or leg to help you dress him • Toddles well • Initiates games • Points to one body part when asked • Responds to instructions (e.g., "give me a kiss") • Scribbles with a crayon • Runs • Adopts "no" as his favorite word

• Discovers the joy of climbing • Stacks three blocks • Uses spoon or fork • Learns the correct way to use common objects (e.g., the telephone) • Feeds doll • Speaks more clearly • Throws a ball underhand • Strings two words together in phrases • Brushes teeth with help • Stacks four blocks • Understands as many as 200 words • Recognizes when something is wrong (e.g., calling a dog a cat)

• Learns words at a rate of ten or more a day • Can walk up stairs (but probably not down) g garbage away • Throws a ball overhand • Kicks ball forward • Stacks six blocks • Does simple puzzles • Draws a straight line • Names several body parts • Opens doors • Sings simple tunes • Takes more of an interest in playing with other kids • Talks about self • Arranges things in categories • Can walk down stairs • Uses pronouns (e.g., I, me, you) • Washes and dries own hands • Understands descriptions (e.g., big, soft) • Draws a vertical line • Draws a circle • Balances on one foot • Puts on a T-shirt • Balances on each foot for a second • Recognizes ABCs • Brushes teeth by herself • Alternates feet going up and down stairs • Uses prepositions (e.g., on, in, over) • Speaks clearly most of the time (75 percent can be understood) • Stacks eight blocks • Hops and skips • Follows a two- or three-part command • Separates fairly easily from parents • Rides a tricycle

Advanced Skills (a few kids can do) • Smiles, laughs • Holds head at 45-degree angle • Holds head steady • Can bear weight on legs • Lifts head and shoulders when lying on tummy (mini-pushup) • Rolls over, from tummy to back • Turns toward loud sounds • Can bring hands together, bats at toys • Imitates sounds: "baba," "dada" • Cuts first tooth • May be ready for solid foods • Sits momentarily without support • Mouths objects • Separation anxiety may begin • Lunges forward or starts crawling • Jabbers or combines syllables • Drags objects toward himself • Waves goodbye • Stands while holding onto something • Bangs objects together • Begins to understand object permanence • Pulls self to standing, cruises • Picks things up with thumb-finger pincer grasp • Indicates wants with gestures • Plays patty-cake and peek-a-boo • Says "mama" and "dada" to the correct parent

• Stands alone for a couple of seconds • Puts objects into a container • Says one word besides "mama" and "dada" • Stoops from standing position

• Walks alone • Scribbles with a crayon • Says two words besides "mama" and "dada Advanced Skills (a few kids can do) • Combines words and gestures to make needs known • Rolls a ball back and forth • Uses a spoon or fork • Matches lids with appropriate containers • Pushes and pulls toys while walking • "Helps" around the house • Puts his fingers to his mouth and says "shhh"

• Takes off one piece of clothing by himself • Gets finicky about food • Switches from two naps to one on objects (e.g., the telephone) • Dances to music • Sorts toys by color, shape, or size • Kicks ball forward • Throws a ball overhand • Takes toys apart and puts them back together • Shows signs of toilet training readiness • Washes and dries own hands with help • Points to picture or object when you call it by name • May know when she needs to pee • May start exploring genitals • Draws a straight line • Names several body parts • Names simple picture in a book • Can walk down stairs

• Puts on loose-fitting clothes • Might be ready for a big bed • Understands opposites (e.g., tall vs. short) • Talks about self (likes, dislikes) • Asks "why?" with other kids • Begins to understand abstract concepts (e.g., sooner and later) • Becomes attuned to gender differences • Learns to jump • Speaks clearly most of the time • Draws a vertical line • Starts to recognize ABCs • Balances on one foot • Puts on a T-shirt • Names one color • Names one friend • Uses two adjectives • Draws a cross • Points to objects described by use • Is toilet trained during the day • Wiggles thumb • Expresses a wide range of emotions • Draws a stick figure • Balances on each foot for three seconds • Gets dressed without help

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