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Alcatel-Lucent 939x
NodeB | UA08.1
RF Power Calibration Procedures
000-000-057
Issue 0.3 | April 2013

Alcatel-Lucent Internal
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction


Legal notice
Legal notice

Alcatel, Lucent, Alcatel-Lucent and the Alcatel-Lucent logo are trademarks of Alcatel-Lucent. All other trademarks are the property of their respective
owners.
The information presented is subject to change without notice. Alcatel-Lucent assumes no responsibility for inaccuracies contained herein.
Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All rights reserved.
Contains proprietary/trade secret information which is the property of Alcatel-Lucent and must not be made available to, or copied or used by anyone outside
Alcatel-Lucent without its written authorization.

Alcatel-Lucent Internal
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

Contents
About this document
Purpose

............................................................................................................................................................................................. ix
ix

Reason for reissue

........................................................................................................................................................................ ix
ix

New in this release

....................................................................................................................................................................... ix
ix

Intended audience

.......................................................................................................................................................................... x
x

Supported systems

......................................................................................................................................................................... x
x

How to use this document ........................................................................................................................................................... xx


Safety information
Conventions used

......................................................................................................................................................................... x
x

........................................................................................................................................................................... x
x

Related information
Document support

....................................................................................................................................................................... xii
xii

Technical support

........................................................................................................................................................................ xii
xii

How to order

................................................................................................................................................................................. xii
xii

How to comment
1

.................................................................................................................................................................... xii
xii

........................................................................................................................................................................ xiii
xiii

Safety statements
Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1-1
1-1
Structure of safety statements ............................................................................................................................................... 1-2
1-2

NodeB RMT initialization and connection


Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2-1
2-1

Perform RF calibration (MCR configurations)


Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-1
3-1
RF power calibration (MCR configurations)
Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-2
3-2

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Contents
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preliminary information

......................................................................................................................................................... 3-3
3-3

Calibrate the RF path ............................................................................................................................................................... 3-4


3-4
Verify the fixed B2 calibration value
Save RF path configuration files

.............................................................................................................................. 3-19
3-19

...................................................................................................................................... 3-22
3-22

RF power verification (MCR configurations)


Overview

................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-26
3-26

Set up closed loop RF power verification


4

..................................................................................................................... 3-27
3-27

Perform final activities


Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-1
4-1
Switch the NodeB to online mode ...................................................................................................................................... 4-2
4-2
Complete RMT testing ............................................................................................................................................................ 4-4
4-4

Index

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List of tables
1

NodeB terminology ....................................................................................................................................................... xx

Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................. xi


xi

3-1

Target Power for NodeB configurations

3-2

HE PAM NodeB configurations

3-3

Parameter and valid range .................................................................................................................................... 3-15

......................................................................................................... 3-12

........................................................................................................................ 3-13

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List of tables
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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List of figures
3-1

RF calibration .............................................................................................................................................................. 3-5


3-5

3-2

Clock setup

3-3

Cal Frequency

3-4

Frequency for 850 MHz NodeB ........................................................................................................................... 3-8

3-5

Frequency for 1900 MHz NodeB

3-6

RF Calibration Base Channel

3-7

Channel Info .............................................................................................................................................................. 3-11


3-11

3-8

Channel Power

......................................................................................................................................................... 3-12
3-12

3-9

Channel Setup

.......................................................................................................................................................... 3-13
3-13

3-10

Reminder

3-11

Calibration Results

3-12

Write Records

3-13

No filter ....................................................................................................................................................................... 3-16


3-16

3-14

Calibration Results

3-15

Write Records

3-16

BTS Primary RF Path Map .................................................................................................................................. 3-20

3-17

BTS Primary RF Path Map .................................................................................................................................. 3-23

3-18

BTS RF Test Path Map

......................................................................................................................................... 3-25

4-1

Switch to online mode

............................................................................................................................................. 4-3
4-3

.................................................................................................................................................................. 3-6
3-6
............................................................................................................................................................. 3-6
3-6

........................................................................................................................ 3-9

............................................................................................................................. 3-10

.................................................................................................................................................................... 3-14
3-14
................................................................................................................................................. 3-14
3-14

........................................................................................................................................................... 3-15
3-15

................................................................................................................................................. 3-17
3-17

........................................................................................................................................................... 3-17
3-17

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List of figures
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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About this document


About this document

Purpose

The purpose of this document is to describe how to locally prepare and configure an
UMTS NodeB for RF calibration and the local RF calibration procedures for an UMTS
NodeB using the NodeB RMT.
What this document does not cover

The following activities are not described in this document:

Power meter set-up and calibration procedures for various power meters
Configuration-specific cabling arrangements.

Equipment commissioning
Equipment integration
Replacement procedures
Growth and degrowth

Reason for reissue

The reissue reasons are:


Issue number

Issue date

Reason for reissue

0.3

April 2013

Standard issue

0.2

November 2012

Standard issue

0.1

November 2011

Draft issue

New in this release

New features:

None

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About this document


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Other changes:

Removed the topics Configure CTU and Perform RX path gain test.

Added a note for Table 3-1, Target Power for NodeB configurations (p. 3-12).

Updated the single carrier power and the total target power in Table 3-2, HE PAM
NodeB configurations (p. 3-13).
Procedure RF power calibration (MCR configurations) (p. 3-2) updated
Procedure RF power verification (MCR configurations) (p. 3-26) updated

Intended audience

The intended audience for this document includes installation personnel and technical
staff involved in commissioning and/or troubleshooting Alcatel-Lucent 939x NodeBs.
Supported systems

This document applies to Alcatel-Lucent W-CDMA UA08.1 system release.


How to use this document

Start with the first chapter and work through the manual to the end. Once you have done
this, you will have carried out the installation test completely and in the proper sequence.
Safety information

For your safety, this document contains safety statements. Safety statements are given at
points where risks of damage to personnel, equipment, and operation may exist. Failure to
follow the directions in a safety statement may result in serious consequences.
Conventions used

Vocabulary conventions
For a list of terms used in this document, see Alcatel-Lucent W-CDMA System Terminology, NN-20500-002.
Table 1, NodeB terminology (p. x) lists the NodeB product naming conventions used in
this document:
Table 1

NodeB terminology

Long name

Short name

Alcatel-Lucent 9391 Macrocell NodeB Indoor

9391 Macrocell ID

Alcatel-Lucent 9391 Macrocell NodeB Outdoor

9391 Macrocell OD

Alcatel-Lucent 9396 digital 2U NodeB

9396 d2U

Alcatel-Lucent 9396 digital 4U NodeB

9396 d4U

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About this document


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 2, Terms and definitions (p. xi) provides a list of the terms used in this document
Table 2

Terms and definitions

Terms

Definition

NodeB

Refers to the general network element as


specified in the 3G publications.
Refers to the Alcatel-Lucent () which delivers
an integrated UMTS management platform
through which all UTRAN NEs can be
monitored and controlled.

power cabinet

Refers to the indoor power cabinet.

AMP

Refers to all types of amplifiers (iLAM,


HEPAM, P2PAM, C2PAM), regardless of
frequency range.

RF filters

Refers to all types of Radio Frequency filters


(Duplexer and Dual Duplexer), regardless of
frequency range.

Typographical conventions
The following typographical conventions are used in this document:
Convention

Meaning

User

Refers to any person who performs a task.

Bold typeface

Identifies menu selections and command names.

Constant-width typeface

Identifies keyboard input and system generated


responses.

Italic typeface

Identifies titles of documents, filenames, and


directories.

< > (Angle brackets)

Represents the variables that are not optional in a


command.

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Related information

For information on subjects related to the content of this document, refer to the following
documents:
Refer to this
document

At this location

For more information on

Alcatel-Lucent 9391
Macrocell NodeB Indoor,
Installation Test,
401-382-442

To access or to obtain a copy of


the document, contact
Alcatel-Lucent Customer
Support team.

Installing and configuring,


Macrocell NodeBs.

Alcatel-Lucent 9396 d2u


NodeB Operation,
Administration, and
Maintenance,
401-382-027

To access or to obtain a copy of


the document, contact
Alcatel-Lucent Customer
Support team.

Operations, Administration,
Maintenance, and Provisioning
tasks on the Alcatel-Lucent
9396 digital 2U NodeB.

Alcatel-Lucent Remote
Radio Head 40W/60W 850, 1900 MHz
Operation,
Administration, and
Maintenance,
401-382-031

To access or to obtain a copy of


the document, contact
Alcatel-Lucent Customer
Support team.

Fault correction and testing


tasks on the Alcatel-Lucent
Remote Radio Head 40W/60W
- 850, 1900 MHz.

Alcatel-Lucent W-CDMA
System - Terminology,
NN-20500-002

http://support.alcatellucent.com

List of terms used in


Alcatel-Lucent W-CDMA
documents

Document support

For support in using this or any other Alcatel-Lucent document, contact Alcatel-Lucent at
one of the following telephone numbers:

+1-888-582-3688 (for all United States)

+1-630-224-2485 (for all other countries)

Technical support

For technical support, contact your local Alcatel-Lucent customer support team. See the
Alcatel-Lucent Support web site (http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/support/) for contact
information.
How to order

To order Alcatel-Lucent documents contact your local sales representative or use Online
Customer Support (OLCS) (https://support.alcatel-lucent.com).
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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

How to comment

To comment on this document, go to the Online Comment Form (http://infodoc.alcatellucent.com/comments/) or e-mail your comments to the Comments Hotline
(comments@alcatel-lucent.com).

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Safety statements
1

Overview
Purpose

This chapter provides information on the structure of safety statements which may arise
in the course of your work.
Contents
Structure of safety statements

1-2

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Safety statements

Structure of safety statements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Structure of safety statements


Overview

This topic describes the components of safety statements that appear in this document.
General structure

Safety statements include the following structural elements:

E
L
MP

CAUTION

Lifting hazard

SA

Lifting this equipment by yourself can result in injury


due to the size and weight of the equipment.

Always use three people or a lifting device to transport


and position this equipment.
[ABC123]

F
G
H

Item

Structure element

Purpose

Safety alert symbol

Indicates the potential for personal injury


(optional)

Safety symbol

Indicates hazard type (optional)

Signal word

Indicates the severity of the hazard

Hazard type

Describes the source of the risk of damage or


injury

Safety message

Consequences if protective measures fail

Avoidance message

Protective measures to take to avoid the hazard

Identifier

The reference ID of the safety statement


(optional)

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Safety statements

Structure of safety statements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Signal words

The signal words identify the hazard severity levels as follows:


Signal word

Meaning

DANGER

Indicates an extremely hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will


result in death or serious injury.

WARNING

Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in


death or serious injury.

CAUTION

Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in


minor or moderate injury.

NOTICE

Indicates a hazardous situation not related to personal injury.

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Safety statements

Structure of safety statements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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2 odeB RMT initialization


N
and connection

Overview
To install RMT, configure and manage the NodeB with RMT, see Chapter 4, Installing
RMT, and Chapter 5, NodeB RMT initialization and connection in the Alcatel-Lucent
939x Node B Remote Maintenance Tool Installation and Configuration Manual,
9YZ-03450-4006-RJZZA.

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NodeB RMT initialization and connection

Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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3erform RF calibration
P
(MCR configurations)

Overview
Purpose

This chapter describes how to perform the RF calibration procedures with Multi-Carrier
Radio (MCR).
Contents
RF power calibration (MCR configurations)

3-2

Preliminary information

3-3

Calibrate the RF path

3-4

Verify the fixed B2 calibration value

3-19

Save RF path configuration files

3-22

RF power verification (MCR configurations)

3-26

Set up closed loop RF power verification

3-27

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Perform RF calibration (MCR configurations)


RF power calibration (MCR configurations)

Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

RF power calibration (MCR configurations)


Overview
Purpose

This section describes the procedures required to perform an RF power calibration on a


NodeB.
RF power calibration is not a standard procedure, but can be used when components must
be changed or a new RF path is added to a previously deployed NodeB.
Contents
Preliminary information

3-3

Calibrate the RF path

3-4

Verify the fixed B2 calibration value

3-19

Save RF path configuration files

3-22

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RF power calibration (MCR configurations)

Preliminary information

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preliminary information
NodeB status

The NodeB must be booted on a valid call processing software load to perform the RF
calibration.
The connection between the NodeB and the RNC must be broken.
Offline mode

Before performing RMT power calibration, the NodeB must be switched into offline
mode. This operation will automatically reboot the NodeB.
RMT setup

Before RMT can be used with the NodeB, the laptop must be configured appropriately.
This includes the IP address and NodeB software loads.
The RMT must be physically connected to the NodeB through an ethernet connection.
RF path maps

The RF path maps are stored on the NodeB backplane memory chip. The initial maps are
populated when the factory calibration is performed.
The record version of the RF path maps must be set to 1.
The digital shelf number and the logical unit number must be set according to the
site-specific conditions.
When a recalibration is performed due to the addition of a new RF path (that is, a new
radio or filter), the path maps must be changed to ensure the new configuration is mapped
correctly.
RF power calibration

The RF power calibration is a semi-autonomous procedure which calculates the gains and
losses through the test path and writes these values to the NodeB backplane memory chip.
These values are then accessed each time the radio is brought into service to ensure the
radios operate at their power levels.
To retrieve the new backplane parameters, you must restart the NodeB application.
However, it is not necessary to restart the RMT.
The RF power calibration procedure applies only to the 9391 Macrocell. It does not apply
to the 9396 d2U/d4U and the distributed NodeB.

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Perform RF calibration (MCR configurations)


RF power calibration (MCR configurations)

Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Calibrate the RF path


Before you begin

Ensure that the following prerequisites are met:


Required tools

The power calibration procedure requires the following test equipment:

Power meter, sensor, or attenuator (power range 40 dB and 300 W)


Adaptor cable or connector for N type to DIN connection
Note: Prior to attempting RF path calibration choose an appropriate power meter,
head, attenuator, and test cable such that the combination of these test components
provides the desired calibration accuracy, while protecting the attenuator and power
meter head from thermal damage.

System requirements

The NodeB must be in the offline mode.


The following components must be configured:

BTS Primary RF Path Map and BTS RF Test Path Map must display the new

configuration (after addition of a new RF path, that is, a new radio or new filter).
The power meter used to measure the signal must be calibrated and setup to provide
the correct measurement.
If antenna jumper cables are connected, they must be removed to connect the power
meter.
Important! Alcatel-Lucent recommends that you store the BTS Primary RF Path Map
and the BTS RF Test Path Map, andMCR RF Test Path Maps tab prior to the RF
calibration. For more information, see Save RF path configuration files (p. 3-22).
Important! If, after a calibration, a window appears stating that a value is out of
range, then the calibration is not valid. In this case, do not store the values. The
problem must be identified and the calibration procedure must be re-executed.

Calibrate RF path for Diversity 1

To calibrate an RF path of the NodeB for Diversity 1, perform the following steps:
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the Tx ON/OFF switch on the radio's faceplate to the OFF position.
Important! Set the DOWN position = OFF.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect the power meter adapter cable (with the 40 dB attenuator) to the appropriate
sector External Antenna Connection (EAC) on the NodeB.

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RF power calibration (MCR configurations)

Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the Tx ON/OFF switch on the radio's faceplate back to the ON position.
Important! Set the UP position = ON.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

From the RMT main menu, select Config RF Calibration Perform Calibration.
Result: The Figure 3-1, RF calibration (p. 3-5) appears.
Figure 3-1 RF calibration

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the CTU is already configured, the Figure 3-2, Clock setup (p. 3-6) appears.

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RF power calibration (MCR configurations)

Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 3-2 Clock setup

Click Yes.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Wait until the TDU Selection, Radio Selection, and Path Selection fields are populated
in Figure 3-1, RF calibration (p. 3-5).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the following:


Set TDU Selection to No TDU.
Set Radio Selection to Radio (1 - 6) according to the RF path that is being calibrated.
Set Path Selection to Diversity 1.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Start.
Result: The Figure 3-3, Cal Frequency (p. 3-6) appears.
Figure 3-3 Cal Frequency

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Perform RF calibration (MCR configurations)


RF power calibration (MCR configurations)

Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the RF path is equipped


with a radio that is
providing...

And if you want to


calibrate at...

Then...

One carrier

The assigned carrier


frequency (recommended)

Click No and go to Step


10

The filters center frequency

Click Yes and go to Step


15.

You must calibrate at the


assigned carrier frequency

Click No and go to Step


10.

Two or three carriers (per radio)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

According to the frequency band of the NodeB, see the Figure 3-4, Frequency for 850
MHz NodeB (p. 3-8) and Figure 3-5, Frequency for 1900 MHz NodeB (p. 3-9) for
determining the specific channel number associated with the assigned carrier frequency
you want to calibrate.
For a 850 MHz band NodeB, use the Figure 3-4, Frequency for 850 MHz NodeB
(p. 3-8) to convert the assigned carrier downlink or transmit frequency to a channel
number.

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RF power calibration (MCR configurations)

Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 3-4 Frequency for 850 MHz NodeB

For a 1900 MHz band NodeB, use the Figure 3-5, Frequency for 1900 MHz NodeB
(p. 3-9) to convert the assigned carrier downlink/transmit frequency to a channel number.

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Perform RF calibration (MCR configurations)


RF power calibration (MCR configurations)

Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 3-5 Frequency for 1900 MHz NodeB

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Perform RF calibration (MCR configurations)


RF power calibration (MCR configurations)

Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

11

Enter the channel number obtained from the previous step into the RF Calibration
screens Base Channel box as shown in Figure 3-6, RF Calibration Base Channel
(p. 3-10):
Figure 3-6 RF Calibration Base Channel

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

12

To enable the carrier, click on the box with the number 1 at the right of the Base Channel
box.
Note: This will cause the channel number that was entered in the Base Channel box
to get disabled and appear in the box below the number 1 as shown in Figure 3-7,
Channel Info (p. 3-11):

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RF power calibration (MCR configurations)

Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 3-7 Channel Info

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

13

If...

Then...

You are performing calibration on an RF path


that is equipped with a radio providing two or
three carriers

Click on the box with the number 2 and 3 as


applicable to enable those additional carriers

Note: When you enter the Base Channel number, the second and third carrier channel
numbers are populated automatically (but dimmed). By default the second carrier will
be 5 MHz above the first; and the third will be an additional 5 MHz above the second
carrier. However, carrier spacing of 4.6 and 4.8 MHz are also permitted. If your
market uses carrier spacing other than 5 MHz, then (after enabling the second and
third carrier accordingly) you can click on the channel number boxes (box below the
number 2 for the second carrier and box below number 3 for the third carrier) to
change the second and third carrier channels to those used in your market.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

14

To begin the calibration, click Start.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

15

Set or verify the value in Single Carrier box under Channel Power to the appropriate
dBm value per the specific NodeB configuration as specified in the Table 3-1, Target
Power for NodeB configurations (p. 3-12).

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Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 3-8 Channel Power

Table 3-1

Target Power for NodeB configurations

For this
configuration

Then the Single


Carrier power to
be entered should
be

80 Watts (850/1900
MHz for the 9391
Macrocell)

48.0 dBm

60 Watts (850/1900
MHz for the 9391
Macrocell)

46.8 dBm

40 Watts (850/1900
MHz for the 9391
Macrocell)

45.0 dBm

The Total Target Power displayed will be

48.0 dBm

One carrier

46.8 dBm

Two carriers (per


radio)

49.8 dBm

One carrier

45.0 dBm

Two carriers (per


radio)

48.0 dBm

Three carriers (per


radio)

49.8 dBm

Note: The Table 3-1, Target Power for NodeB configurations (p. 3-12) is only used
if you are doing calibration on a Tx path that is equipped with the C2PAM or P2PAM
amplifier.
The Total Target Power dBm value is automatically set but dimmed out. This value is
the same as the Single Carrier value for a one-carrier configuration or is the
combination of a two or three-carrier configuration radio output. This is the target
calibration value.

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RF power calibration (MCR configurations)

Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

If there are High Efficiency RF Power Amplifiers (HE PAMs) in the Tx Path, RMT
calibrates it at a maximum power minus 10 dB. The user cannot change the carrier power
with HE PAMs. The Table 3-2, HE PAM NodeB configurations (p. 3-13) shows the
supported HE PAM NodeB configurations.
Table 3-2

HE PAM NodeB configurations

For HE PAM
Configs

No. of Carriers

Then the Single


Carrier power
shown Should Be

The Total Target


Power Displayed
Will Be

850 MHz (combined


pair of amplifiers for
the 9391 Macrocell)

One carrier

40.00 dBm

40.00 dBm

Two carriers

36.99 dBm

850 MHz (single


amplifier for the 9391
Macrocell)

One carrier

37.78 dBm

Two carriers

34.77 dBm

1900 MHz (single


amplifier for the 9391
Macrocell)

One carrier

38.57 dBm

37.78 dBm

38.57 dBm

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

16

Click OK.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

17

The Figure 3-9, Channel Setup (p. 3-13) appears.


Figure 3-9 Channel Setup

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

18

Click Yes.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

19

After few minutes the Figure 3-10, Reminder (p. 3-14) appears.

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RF power calibration (MCR configurations)

Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 3-10 Reminder

Wait until the amplifier warms up and the output power level stabilizes.
Verify that the RF power meter displays an RF power level that is within 3 dBm of the
Total Target Power value that is shown on the RF Calibration screen. If the value on the
RF power meter is not within this range, then troubleshoot the RF Path hardware, RF Path
Maps, and the RF power meter test equipment (meter, attenuator, adapter cable, and so
on).
After the power level has stabilized (~4 minutes), click OK to continue with calibration.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

20

Type the stabilized value displayed on the power meter into the EAC Transmit Power
(dBm) box and click Continue.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

21

Repeat Step 19 until the Calibration Results pop-up window appears, indicating that the
calibration is complete. Do not click OK.
The calibration results shown in Figure 3-11, Calibration Results (p. 3-14) is only an
example. Move to Step 22 to verify the values.
Figure 3-11 Calibration Results

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Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

22

Verify the B1 and B3 values displayed in the Calibration Results pop-up window with
the Table 3-3, Parameter and valid range (p. 3-15).
Table 3-3

Parameter and valid range

Parameter

Valid range

B1

3.00 to +3.00

B3

38.60 to 44.0

Confirm if B1 and B3 are within the valid range.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

23

Click OK in the Figure 3-11, Calibration Results (p. 3-14).


Result: The Figure 3-12, Write Records (p. 3-15) appears.
Figure 3-12 Write Records

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

24

If ...

Then ...

Calibration results for B1 or B3 are


out-of-range.

Click No

Click Cancel to exit the RF Calibration


window

Troubleshoot

Repeat calibration beginning with Step 1

Click Yes to save the calibration results

Proceed to Calibrate RF path for


Diversity 2 (p. 3-16).

Calibration results for both B1 and B3 are


within limits.

E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

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Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Calibrate RF path for Diversity 2

To calibrate an RF path of the NodeB for Diversity 2, perform the following steps:
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

In the RF Calibration window, change the Path Selection to Diversity 2 and click Start.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If you performed the Calibrate RF path for


Diversity 1 - Step 8 at...

Then ...

The assigned carrier frequency


(recommended)

Go to Step 5.

The filters center frequency

Go to Step 3.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

The Cal Frequency window appears as shown in Figure 3-3, Cal Frequency (p. 3-6).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes.
Result: The Figure 3-13, No filter (p. 3-16) appears.
Figure 3-13 No filter

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click OK.
Note: A receive path (B2) only calibration will be performed.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

The Figure 3-14, Calibration Results (p. 3-17) appears (text may vary depending upon
frequency band and cabinet configuration).
Note: The calibration results shown in the following window is only an example.
Continue with the procedure to verify the value.

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Calibrate the RF path

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 3-14 Calibration Results

A fixed value appropriate to the cabinet configuration and band will be set for the B2
value. This value can be verified later.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click OK to accept the value.


Result: The Figure 3-15, Write Records (p. 3-17) appears.
Figure 3-15 Write Records

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes to save the calibration results.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Change the radios faceplate switch to Tx OFF position.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

Click Cancel to exit the RF Calibration window.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

11

Disconnect the RF power meters test cable from the NodeB EAC.

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

12

If...

Then...

There are more sectors to calibrate.

Repeat the Calibrate RF path for Diversity 1


(p. 3-4) and Calibrate RF path for Diversity
2 (p. 3-16) procedures for the next sector that
is to be calibrated.

There are no more sectors requiring


calibration.

Proceed to the section Verify the fixed B2


calibration value (p. 3-19).

E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

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Verify the fixed B2 calibration value

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify the fixed B2 calibration value


Purpose

Sometimes the fixed B2 values that are to be entered for various frequency bands and
cabinet configurations are changed by the responsible engineering organizations. The
RMT software is programmed to write the fixed values during calibration. However, your
version of the RMT software may not contain the latest updates to the fixed values.
Follow this procedure t
Procedure

To verify and/or correct the fixed B2 values saved to the NodeB's backplane, perform the
following steps:
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

From the RMT main menu, select Config RF Calibration BTS Primary RF Path
Map.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

In the Figure 3-16, BTS Primary RF Path Map (p. 3-20) find the B2 values for the
Radios and Rx Diversities calibrated in the previous procedure. (In the example below the
B2 values that were saved for Radio 4 are circled.)

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Verify the fixed B2 calibration value

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 3-16 BTS Primary RF Path Map

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Verify the fixed B2 calibration value

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

In the table below find the correct B2 fixed value for your cabinet configuration and
frequency band.
If the NodeB is

And the frequency


band and NodeB
configuration are

Then

9391 Macrocell ID/OD

850 MHz Duplex

RX1 and Rx2 B2 Cal Loss = 1.20

850 MHz Simplex

RX1 and Rx2 B2 Cal Loss = 2.00

1900 MHz Duplex

RX1 and Rx2 B2 Cal Loss = 2.00

1900 MHz Simplex

RX1 and Rx2 B2 Cal Loss = 3.10

Note: A Duplex or Simplex NodeB configuration refers to how the Simplexable Dual
Duplex Filters are configured in the NodeB (if equipped with this filter type). If the
NodeB is equipped with the standard Dual Duplex Filters, the NodeB is a Duplex
configuration.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Compare the correct B2 fixed value to those written in your NodeBs BTS Primary RF
Path Map window.
If ...

Then ...

The BTS Primary RF Path Map B2 values for


all equipped radios match the correct value
from the table above

Click Cancel to close the BTS Primary RF


Path Map window.

The saved B2 values displayed in the BTS


Primary RF Path Map window do not match
the correct value from the table above

Type the correct value into the BTS Primary


RF Path Map Rx1 B2 Cal Loss and Rx2 B2 Cal
Loss fields for each equipped radio.
Click Apply to save the changes to the
NodeBs backplane.
Click Refresh to verify the proper B2 values
were saved.
Click Cancel to close the BTS Primary RF
Path Map window.

E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

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Save RF path configuration files

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Save RF path configuration files


Purpose

It is recommended to save configuration files of both the BTS Primary RF Path Map as
well as the BTS RF Test Path Map, especially after an RF calibration. These files can be
reused to record and if necessary, restore the values for the NodeB.
Save a configuration file of the BTS Primary RF Path Map

To save a configuration file of the BTS Primary RF Path Map, perform the following
steps:
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

From the RMT main menu, click Config RF-Calibration BTS Primary RF Path
Map.

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Save RF path configuration files

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The Figure 3-17, BTS Primary RF Path Map (p. 3-23) appears:
Figure 3-17 BTS Primary RF Path Map

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Save RF path configuration files

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To save an XML version of the configuration file, click Save.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Navigate to a folder on your hard drive and in the pop-up window, enter a name that
corresponds to the BTS currently connected, and click Save.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To return to the RMT main menu, click Cancel.


E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Save a configuration file of the BTS RF Test Path Map

To save a configuration file of the BTS RF Test Path Map, perform the following steps:
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

From the RMT main menu, click Config RF-Calibration BTS RF Test Path Map.

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Save RF path configuration files

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The Figure 3-18, BTS RF Test Path Map (p. 3-25) appears:
Figure 3-18 BTS RF Test Path Map

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the Radio RF Test Path Maps tab.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To save an XML version of the configuration file, click Save.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Navigate to a folder on your hard drive and in the pop-up window, enter a name that
corresponds to the BTS currently connected, and click Save.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To return to the RMT main menu, click Cancel.


E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

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Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

RF power verification (MCR configurations)


Overview
Purpose

This section describes the procedure required to perform a closed loop RF power
verification on a Node B.
Closed loop RF power verification should be executed any time that the transmit path
needs to be verified.
Contents
Set up closed loop RF power verification

3-27

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RF power verification (MCR configurations)

Set up closed loop RF power verification

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set up closed loop RF power verification


Required tools

The power verification procedure requires the following test equipment:

Power meter, sensor, or attenuator (power range 40 dB and 300 W)


Adaptor cable or connector for N type to DIN connection

System requirements

System requirements before performing RF power verification:

The power meter used to measure the signal must be calibrated and setup to provide
the correct measurement.
If antenna jumper cables are connected, they must be removed to connect the power
meter.
The Tx ON/OFF on the radio faceplate for the transmit path that is to be tested is
switched to On.
The CTU must be configured.

Set up closed loop RF power verification

Proceed as follows to set up closed loop RF power verification:


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch the Tx ON/OFF switch on the radio's faceplate to the OFF position.
Important! Switch set to the Down position = OFF.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect the power meter adapter cable (with the 40 dB attenuator) to the appropriate
sector External Antenna Connection (EAC) on the Node B.
Additional information: The RF attenuator or the antenna has to be connected behind

the power meter in order to have a proper RF termination.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch the Tx ON/OFF switch on the radio faceplate back to the ON position.
Important! Switch set to the UP position = ON.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select Test Code Domain.

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Set up closed loop RF power verification

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result:

The MultiChannelSetup window is displayed:

Note: The example above is for a 1900 MHz Macrocell Node B.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the Target Cell Power parameter per the following table:
If verifying per carrier

Then set the Target Cell Power


parameter to

a 80-Watt Tx path

48.0 dBm

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RF power verification (MCR configurations)

Set up closed loop RF power verification

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

If verifying per carrier

Then set the Target Cell Power


parameter to

a 60-Watt Tx path

46.8 dBm

a 40-Watt Tx path

45.0 dBm

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click on the Cell Index box in the first row to place a checkmark in the box (circled in the
example screen below).

Note: If performing RF power verification on an RF path that is equipped with a radio


that is providing two or three carriers, click on the Cell Index box in the second row
and third row as applicable.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the correct radio (Radio1-6) for the RF path by clicking on the Radio/RRH
dropdown field in the second & third row.

Note: If performing RF power verification on an RF path that is equipped with a radio


that is providing two or three carriers, select the Radio in the Radio/RRH dropdown
field in the second row and third row as applicable.
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Set up closed loop RF power verification

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the assigned carrier (Carrier 1-3) to the Radio by clicking on the Carrier dropdown
field in the first, second or third row per configuration.

Note: If performing RF power verification on an RF path that is equipped with a radio


that is providing two or three carriers, select the Carrier2 and Carrier3 in the Carrier
dropdown field in the second and third row as applicable.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the transmit frequency to the specific assigned downlink (transmit) frequency being
used in your market, by clicking on the Tx Frequency(in MHz) field and entering the
frequency number in the first row.

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RF power verification (MCR configurations)

Set up closed loop RF power verification

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Note: If performing RF power verification on an RF path that is equipped with a radio


that is providing two or three carriers, set the transmit frequency to the specific
assigned downlink frequency being used in your market, by clicking on the Tx
Frequency(in MHz) field and entering the frequency in the second and third row as
applicable.
These 2nd and 3rd Carrier transmit frequencies are different than what was entered for
the 1st carriers.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

Click Apply, and wait while the radio(s) get configured.


Result: The message Multichannel configuration done appears near the
bottom of the MultiChannelSetup window.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

11

Verify that the green Tx1-ON LED on the faceplate of the radio-under-test is lit.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

12

Verify that output power is seen on the meter.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

13

If ...

Then ...

Output power is seen on the meter.

Proceed with the next step.

No output power is seen on the meter.

Click the Cancel button to exit the


MultiChannelSetup window.
Turn the radios faceplate switch to the Tx
OFF position, and perform troubleshooting.
Then repeat this procedure beginning with step
1.

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RF power verification (MCR configurations)

Set up closed loop RF power verification

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

14

Wait while the amplifier warms up and the power level stabilizes (about four minutes).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

15

For the radio-under-test, verify the power meter displays what is shown in the table
below. If the displayed level is outside this range, troubleshoot.
Important! During troubleshooting be sure to switch the radio under test faceplate
switch to the Tx OFF position prior to connecting or disconnecting any transmit path
cables in the path between the amplifiers output port and the power meter.
Failure to turn off the appropriate switch may result in injury.
For this configuration

Then power should be (via RMT)

80 Watts

48.0 1.0 dBm

60 Watts

46.8 1.0 dBm (single carrier)


or 49.8 1.0 dBm (if two carrier are
configured on the same radio)

40 Watts

45.0 1.0 dBm (single carrier)


or 48.0 1.0 dBm (if two carriers are
configured on the same radio)
or 49.8 1.0 dBm (if three carriers are
configured on the same radio)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

16

On the MultichannelSetup window, click Disable TX to switch off the TX power.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

17

Verify that the radio is no longer transmitting (Tx1-ON LED on the radios faceplate)
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

18

Click Cancel to exit the MultiChannelSetup window.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

19

Disconnect the RF power meters test cable from the NodeBs EAC.
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Additional sectors/cells

Repeat the steps under Set up closed loop RF power verification (p. 3-27) for any
additional sectors or cells to be verified on the same NodeB.
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Perform final activities


4

Overview
Purpose

This section describes what must be done when you finished the actual standalone tests
and hardware tests.
Contents
Switch the NodeB to online mode

4-2

Complete RMT testing

4-4

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Perform final activities

Switch the NodeB to online mode

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch the NodeB to online mode


Online mode

The purpose of the online mode is to check on the operation of the NodeB while the
system is functional. This is also used during installation and certification of a site. If you
want to monitor the status of the NodeB without performing any tests, the NodeB can be
left in the online mode.
Important! If configuration parameters are changed in online mode, the NodeB must
be rebooted.
Online/Offline control

NOTICE
Service-disruption hazard
If this procedure is not performed correctly, service may be disrupted.
Read and familiarize yourself with this procedure and all of the associated information
before performing this procedure.
The BTS Online/Offline Control dialog allows you to switch the NodeB into online or
offline mode of operation without being attached to the WMS.
Important! Transitioning from Online or Offline results in a reboot of the
NodeB.
Before you begin

Ensure that you have installed the appropriate release of the RMT for the active software
generic of the NodeB.
If the NodeB is already in service, a backup of the NodeB database should be performed
using the OMC-UPS. If you plan to activate a different software generic in offline mode,
the backup is mandatory.
Procedure

Perform the following steps to switch the NodeB to online mode:


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

From the RMT main menu, select Config > Cell > Online/Offline Control.

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Perform final activities

Switch the NodeB to online mode

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The BTS Online/Offline Control window appears.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

As the NodeB is in the offline mode, the Timeout and Password fields are disabled.
Figure 4-1 Switch to online mode

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Switch to Online.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click OK.
Wait until the UMTS boot is complete, and reconnect the RMT.
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Possible error causes

The attempt to switch between online/offline mode can fail for the following reasons, and
results in error messages being displayed:

Attempt to communicate with the Node B application software fails.


The entered password is not understood by the Node B application software.

The application software rejects the request.


An existing online/offline transaction is already in progress.

An online/offline transaction is in progress and this transaction is preempted by


another request.

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Issue 0.3 April 2013

Perform final activities

Complete RMT testing

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Complete RMT testing


Test cleanup/final procedures

Proceed as follows to complete Node B RMT testing procedure:


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

On the Node B RMT screen click DISCONNECT.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click File Exit.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Power down the computer.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove all test equipment connections from the Node B.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Check to ensure the CSU red LEDs go out and stay out after the LIU reboots.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Check the Node B status with the WMS operator (no alarms, system enabled etc.).
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

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Alcatel-Lucent Internal
Alcatel-Lucent 939x
4-4
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction
000-000-057 UA08.1
Issue 0.3 April 2013

Index

C Calibrate

RF path, 3-4
Closed loop RF power verification
Set up, 3-27
Complete
RMT testing, 4-4

RMT
Configure cell, 2-1
Final activities, 4-1
RF power calibration, 3-2
RMT testing
Complete, 4-4

................................................................................................

................................................................................................

H HE PAM, 3-4

S Safety statements, 1-1, 1-2

................................................................................................
N Node B

Online mode, 4-2


................................................................................................

Save configuration files


After RF calibration, 3-22
Set up
Closed loop RF power verification, 3-27

O Online mode

Node B, 4-2
................................................................................................
P Preliminary information

RF power calibration, 3-3


................................................................................................
R RF calibration

Save configuration files, 3-22


RF path
Calibrate, 3-4
RF power calibration
Node B RMT, 3-2
Preliminary information, 3-3
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent 939x
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
IN-1
000-000-057 UA08.1
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction
Issue 0.3 April 2013

Index
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
Alcatel-Lucent 939x
IN-2
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction
000-000-057 UA08.1
Issue 0.3 April 2013