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PROJECT: STEEL BUILDING DESIGN CASE STUDY SUBJECT: Bracing connection, gusset plate design.

Brace line B1, second floor.


= resistance factor Fy = specified (ASTM) minimum yield stress Fu = specified (ASTM) minimum tensile strength Rn = strength t = thickness of connected part Pu = factored load to be resisted d = diameter of the bolt eb = one-half the depth of the beam, in. ec = one-half the depth of the column, in. db = depth of the beam, in. dc = depth of the column, in. w.p. = working point. N = horizontal distance of gusset plate, in. V = vertical distance of gusset plate, in. = distance from the face of the column flange to the centroid of the gusset-to-beam connection, in. = distance from the face of the beam flange to the centroid of the gusset-to-column connection, in. Aw =cross section area of the whitmore section

SHEET 122 of 131

Pu = B C D

127.0 k 96 k

Elevation View

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A 30 Plan View Member A-E, Interior floor girder: W24x68 ASTM 992 db = 23.7 in Fy = 50 ksi Fu = 65 ksi Member A-B, Interior column: W10x49 ASTM 992 dc = 9.98 in Fy = 50 ksi Fu = 65 ksi Member A-C, Brace: 2L6x4x1/2LLBB A36 Fy = 36 ksi Fu = 58 ksi
W.P.

Column W10x49 Gusset Plate

Brace 2L6x4x1/2

13 15

Girder W24x68

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PROJECT: STEEL BUILDING DESIGN CASE STUDY SUBJECT: Bracing connection, gusset plate design. Use A325-N bolts in standard holes,3/4 in diameter. Design shear strength of one bolt, double shear (LRFD Table 7-10) Check bearing strength @ each bolt hole: Rn = (2.4 * d * t * Fu) = ( = 0.75) 45.7 kips > 31.8 kips

SHEET 123 of 131

Rn = 31.8 k

OK!

Check tension yielding on the Whitmore section:

Column Brace
13 15 Whitmore section

Gusset Plate

Girder

y = tan 30o * 6 = y

3.5

in

30
6

*Note: Assume simplified Whitmore section (double dashed area) for the purpose of this lab. This design will be more conservative. OK!

Rn = (Fu * Aw) = 248.0 kips > 127.0 kips ( = 0.9) Aw = (y + y + 2.5(Perp. distance between center of holes))*0.5

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PROJECT: STEEL BUILDING DESIGN CASE STUDY SUBJECT: Bracing connection, gusset plate design. Distribution of brace force to beam and column: (Uniform force method) From the member and frame geometry eb = db/2 = ec = dc/2 = tan = 11.85 4.99 1.154 in in 15

SHEET 124 of 131

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in order to remain free of moments on the connection interfaces, the following expression must be satisfied:

tan * eb - ec = - * tan - * tan = 8.68 in


N
Column
0.5

allow 1/2 in. between gusset and column for the setback

Brace

13 15

Gusset Plate

ec

Girder

eb

W.P.

Try a gusset plate : 1/2 = = in. x 20 1/8 in. horizontally x in in 16.414 in OK! (If Less Than One) = 6.7 in 13 3/4 in. vertically

16.5 6.7

' = tan * eb - ec + * tan = ' = Use = N= V= 0.09 in

16.5 in and 20 1/8 in 13 3/4 in

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