Iris Ponsano

 Preliminary Identification of Population

Groups of Concern (PGC)  Ivory Tower Analysis  Meaningful Involvement of PGCs  Government to Government  Analysis  Data vs. Cultural Knowledge  Mitigation?

 Factors Indicating a Potential EJ Concern:  Ability to Participate in Decision Making Process  Proximity and Exposure to Hazard  Susceptible Population  Multiple and Cumulative Effects  Unique Exposure Pathways  Physical Infrastructure

 NEPA Process  “Meaningful Public Involvement”  Translation  Alternative Media  Direct Contact  Incorporate Concerns  Does Not Require Formal Coordination/Comment  Grassroots Approach is Favored

• Other Indigenous Peoples

• Formal Government
• Face Time

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