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    Optical Fiber Connectors 

Connectors  Identifier     
3/30/2009  Faculty Of Engineering \Communication Dept              

Present To Engineer \ Yasser El Hussien 

  Edit By   
• • • • • Amr Fekry Megahed  Hossam El dien mohamad abd el wahed  Ahmad mahfoz el hanafy  Abd El monem Ali abd el monem  Tarek Yehia  

 

Here is a rundown of the connectors that have been the leaders of the industry . In all. easier to terminate or solved some other perceived problem.Connector Identifier In the development of fiber optic technology over the last 30 years. many companies and individuals have invented the "better mousetrap" . lower cost.a fiber optic connector that was lower loss. but only a few represent the majority of the market. about 100 fiber optic connectors have been introduced to the marketplace.

you have to make sure they are seated properly. If you have high loss.1. Most ferrules are ceramic.2. reconnect them to see if it makes a difference. but some are metal or plastic.ST ST (an AT&T Trademark) is probably still the most popular connector for multimode networks (ca. It has a bayonet mount and a long cylindrical 2.5 mm ceramic (usually) or polymer ferrule to hold the fiber. like most buildings and campuses. And because they are spring-loaded.so they can be mixed and matched to each other using hybrid mating adapters. since you can have a set of multimode reference test cables with ST or SC connectors and adapt to all these connectors.5 mm or about 0. Fig (1): ST Connector   . This makes it convenient to test.1 inch . 2005). The ST/SC/FC/FDDI/ESON connectors have the same ferrule size .

5 mm ferrule that is widely used for it's excellent performance.                            Fig (2)   : SC connector      . It is also available in a duplex configuration.2-SC SC is a snap-in connector also with a 2. It was the connector standardized in TIA568-A. but was not widely used at first because it was twice as expensive as a ST. Now it's only a bit more expensive and much more common It's a snap-in connector that latches with a simple push-pull motion.

5 mm ferrule.                                Fig (3): FC connector    . but some of the early ones use ceramic inside stainless steel ferrules.3-FC FC was one of the most popular singlemode connectors for many years. It's been mostly replaced by SCs and LCs. but you must make sure you have the key aligned in the slot properly before tightening. It screws on firmly. It also uses a 2.

Fig (4): LC connector   . half the size of the SC. easily terminated with any adhesive. The LC. MU and LX-5 use the same ferrule but cross-mating adapters are not easy to find. highly favored for singlemode. Otherwise.4-LC LC is a small form factor connector that uses a 1.25 mm ferrule. Good performance. it's a standard ceramic ferrule connector.

but the rest of the network will have ST or SC connectors. you may occasionally see the FDDI and ESCON* duplex connectors which mate to their specific networks. FDDI .5 mm ferrules. Since they both use 2.  5-FDDI . They are generally used to connect to the equipment from a wall outlet.ESCON Besides the SC Duplex.has a fixed shroud over the ferrules Fig (5) : FDDI – ESCON connector . they can be mated to SC or ST connectors with adapters.

6-ESCON the shroud over the ferrules is spring-loaded and retracts *ESCON is an IBM trademark                               Fig (6): ESCON connector          .

as most test sets do not allow direct adaptation to the connector. MT-RJ. Usually the solution is to do a three cable (Method C) reference. If you have to use hybrid (ST or SC to MT-RJ) reference cables. Fig (7) : MT-RJ connector   . field terminated only by prepolished/splice method. Multimode only. It uses pins for alignment and has male and female versions. Volition and Opti-Jack (below) are difficult connectors to test. you cannot do a Method B (one jumper reference) insertion loss test.7-MT-RJ MT-RJ is a duplex connector with both fibers in a single polymer ferrule.

rugged duplex connector cleverly designed aournd two ST-type ferrules in a package the size of a RJ-45. It has male and female (plug and jack) versions. Fig (8) OPTI-Jack connector   .8-Opti-Jack The Panduit Opti-Jack is a neat.

It aligns fibers in a V-groove like a splice. inexpensive duplex connector that uses no ferrule at all. Plug and jack versions.                         Fig (9)  Volition Connector    . but field terminate jacks only.9-Volition 3M's Volition is a slick.

10-LX-5 LX-5 is like a LC but with a shutter over the end of the fiber. Fig (10 ) LX connector       .

It's more popular in Japan Fig (11) : MU connector .25 mm ferrule.       .11-MU MU looks a miniature SC with a 1.

Fig (12) MT connector . Here is a 12 fiber MT broken out into 12 STs. It's main use is for preterminated cable assemblies and cabling systems.12-MT MT is a 12 fiber connector for ribbon cable.

The nose piece is spring loaded and was pushed back when the connector was inserted into a mating adapter. The fiber stuck out into a drop of index matching fluid on a plastic lens. Many users remember it as the connector on the front panel of the original Tektronix OTDR. This solution was state of the art in the late 70s. Fig (13) Deutsch 1000 connector . yielding about 3 dB loss. It was really a "pin vise" holding a stripped fiber.  13-Deutsch 1000 Deutsch 1000 was probably the first commercially successful fiber optic connector.

a necked-down ferrule that mated with a Delrin adapter for better insertion loss performance. When the adapters were not precise enough for better fibers.14-SMA Amphenol developed the SMA from the "Subminiature A" hence SMA. The model 905 had a machined ferrule exactly 1/8 inch in diameter that mated in a machined adapter. Fig (14) SMA connector . These connectors are still in use on some military and industrial systems. microwave connector.

7 dB or higher. NJ. Usually MM Biconics had losses of 0. the Biconic was molded from a glass-filled plastic that was almost as hard as ceramic. Jacj Cook retired from Bell Labs and started Dorran Photonics which became 3M fiber optics. It started with the fiber being molded into the ferrule.MMs were usually black. This lasted until the company could get a 125 micron/5mil pin insert into the plastic mold. Developed by a team led by Jack Cook at Bell Labs in Murray Hill.3 dB due to fresnel reflection. the ferrules were ground to center the fiber core in the ferrule to reduce loss.5-1 dB and SM 0. at which point the fiber was glued into the ferule with epoxy.15-BICONIC This is the Biconic. the yellow body indicating a SM version . Since it was not keyed and could rotate in the mating adapters. Fig (15 ) BICONIC Connector . it had an airgap between the ferrules when mated. When singlemode versions first appeared. meaning loss was never less than 0.

Fig (16) NEC D4 connector .16-NEC D4 The NEC D4 was probably the first connector to use ceramic or hybrid ceramic/stainless steel ferrules. It was widely used in telco networks in the 80s to early 90s and some may still be in use. It uses a smaller ferrule than SCs or FCs.

                                 Fig (17) OPTIMATE  connector      . It was available for every fiber size including plastic fiber. It used a conical plastic ferrule and screw-on nut.17-OPTIMATE The AMP optimate was popular in the early 80s. Some may still be in use in utility and industrial systems.