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Uniform Commercial Code

U.C.C. - ARTICLE 2 - SALES (…)
§ 2-204. Formation in General. (1) A contract for sale of goods may be made in any manner sufficient to show agreement, including offer and acceptance, conduct by both parties which recognizes the existence of a contract, the interaction of electronic agents, and the interaction of an electronic agent and an individual. (2) An agreement sufficient to constitute a contract for sale may be found even if the moment of its making is undetermined. (3) Even if one or more terms are left open, a contract for sale does not fail for indefiniteness if the parties have intended to make a contract and there is a reasonably certain basis for giving an appropriate remedy. (4) Except as otherwise provided in Sections 2-211 through 2-213, the following rules apply: (a) A contract may be formed by the interaction of electronic agents of the parties, even if no individual was aware of or reviewed the electronic agents' actions or the resulting terms and agreements. (b) A contract may be formed by the interaction of an electronic agent and an individual acting on the individual's own behalf or for another person. A contract is formed if the individual takes actions that the individual is free to refuse to take or makes a statement, and the individual has reason to know that the actions or statement will: (i) cause the electronic agent to complete the transaction or performance; or (ii) indicate acceptance of an offer, regardless of other expressions or actions by the individual to which the electronic agent cannot react. § 2-205. Firm Offers. An offer by a merchant to buy or sell goods in a signed record that by its terms gives assurance that it will be held open is not revocable, for lack of consideration, during the time stated or if no time is stated for a reasonable time, but in no event may such period of irrevocability exceed three months; but in no event may the period of irrevocability exceed three months. Any such term of assurance in a form supplied by the offeree must be separately signed by the offeror. § 2-206. Offer and Acceptance in Formation of Contract. (1) Unless otherwise unambiguously indicated by the language or circumstances

unless acceptance is expressly made conditional on assent to the additional or different terms. or (c) notification of objection to them has already been given or is given within a reasonable time after notice of them is received. (2) The additional terms are to be construed as proposals for addition to the contract. the terms of the contract are: (a) terms that appear in the records of both parties. whether in a record or not. (ii) a contract is formed by an offer and acceptance. (2) If the beginning of a requested performance is a reasonable mode of acceptance. In such case the terms of the particular contract consist of those terms .(a) an offer to make a contract shall be construed as inviting acceptance in any manner and by any medium reasonable in the circumstances: (b) an order or other offer to buy goods for prompt or current shipment shall be construed as inviting acceptance either by a prompt promise to ship or by the prompt or current shipment of conforming or nonconforming goods. still adopted by most of the States – so called “battle of the forms”) § 2-207 Additional Terms in Acceptance or Confirmation (1) A definite and seasonable expression of acceptance or a written confirmation which is sent within a reasonable time operates as an acceptance even though it states terms additional to or different from those offered or agreed upon. (3) A definite and seasonable expression of acceptance in a record operates as an acceptance even if it contains terms additional to or different from the offer. (Old version. (b) terms. (b) they materially alter it. or (iii) a contract formed in any manner is confirmed by a record that contains terms additional to or different from those in the contract being confirmed. Subject to Section 2-202. Between merchants such terms become part of the contract unless: (a) the offer expressly limits acceptance to the terms of the offer. to which both parties agree. if (i) conduct by both parties recognizes the existence of a contract although their records do not otherwise establish a contract. Terms of Contract. Effect of Confirmation. § 2-207. an offeror that is not notified of acceptance within a reasonable time may treat the offer as having lapsed before acceptance. but the shipment of nonconforming goods is not an acceptance if the seller seasonably notifies the buyer that the shipment is offered only as an accommodation to the buyer. and (c) terms supplied or incorporated under any provision of this Act. (3) Conduct by both parties which recognizes the existence of a contract is sufficient to establish a contract for sale although the writings of the parties do not otherwise establish a contract.

on which the writings of the parties agree. (1) An agreement modifying a contract within this Article needs no consideration to be binding. (2) An agreement in a signed record which excludes modification or rescission except by a signed record may not be otherwise modified or rescinded. Rescission and Waiver. together with any supplementary terms incorporated under any other provisions of this Act. unless the retraction would be unjust in view of a material change of position in reliance on the waiver. (3) The requirements of Section 2-201 must be satisfied if the contract as modified is within its provisions. . (4) Although an attempt at modification or rescission does not satisfy the requirements of subsection (2) or (3). Modification. § 2-209. but except as between merchants such a requirement in a form supplied by the merchant must be separately signed by the other party. (5) A party that has made a waiver affecting an executory portion of a contract may retract the waiver by reasonable notification received by the other party that strict performance will be required of any term waived. it may operate as a waiver.