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 * Let’s review!

Here is what you should already know from unit 2: 1) You should know how to use the verb “querer”. 2) You should know some useful sentences. 3) You should know what brigadeiro is lmaao If you‟re sure you‟ve mastered the topics above, then you‟re ready to move on to unit 3. Boa sorte! [Good luck!]

To be, or not to be: that’s the question! – Unit 3

but we say that to speak “faster” in daily conversations. gender. understand better. Basically. years. personality. . We‟re going to look at some examples to clarify that. too. It‟s not grammatically correct. “estar” is used for things that are not permanent or that are happening at the moment such as emotions. let‟s compare these sentences using “ser” and “estar”. Correct them. there are two different ways to say “to be” in Portuguese. lessons)… In the other hand. the location people are at the moment… Another important thing to clarify “estar” is that it‟s also used with gerund. material. physical appearance or condition (health). origin. religion. take a look at the conjugation of “ser” and “estar” in the presente tense. months. festivals. since gerund expresses something temporarily happening at the moment. marital status. It takes practice to 2) There is a mistake in each sentence below. profession. Grammar: the verb To be Just like in Spanish. Now. events or dates (days. Catalan and other languages. A. parties. nationality. race. Italian. Ser Eu sou Você é Ele é Ela é Nós somos Vocês são Eles são Elas são Estar Eu estou (abbreviation*: eu tô) Você está (abbreviation: você tá) Ele está (abbreviation: ele tá) Ela está (abbreviation: ela tá) Nós estamos Vocês estão (abbr: vocês tão) Eles estão (abbr: eles tão) Elas estão (abbr: elas tão) * The abbreviation in the verb “estar” is used in spoken Portuguese. But before we jump into the sample sentences. You can either say “ser” or “estar”. “ser” is used for things that are permanent and to identify physical features. possession.

If you’re a girl. Estou animada. sleepy. hungry. Eu estou animado. Eu estou com sono.Ele é gordo = He is fat. You‟re always sad. (This means you are a sad person. you say: Eu estou triste. I I I I I I I am am am am am am am excited. Eu estou ansiosa. like when you eat so much in Christmas and in the next day you‟re fatter. Eu estou decepcionada. We always are sad at some moments of our lives) Eu sou triste = I am sad. angry. You hate life. so at the moment you are fat. Eu estou com sono. so we are using the verb ser) Ele está gordo = He is fat.. you‟re just fat now because you ate so much last night. you say: Eu estou triste. You are sad as a person and you hate everything. SO IN . Eu estou com frio. BUT IN PORTUGUESE WE USE THE VERB “TO HAVE”. Eu estou com medo. Get it? Lol. IMPORTANT: IN ENGLISH WE USE THE VERB “TO BE” SO SAY HOW OLD WE ARE. but it doesn‟t mean you‟re a fat person. Eu estou com fome. Eu estou ansioso. Eu estou com fome. Eu estou feliz. What a depressing lesson ) EXPRESSING EMOTIONS AND STATE USING THE VERB “ESTAR” If you’re a boy. Eu estou com raiva. Eu estou decepcionado. I am happy. scared. (This means you‟re sad at the moment [so the verb estar is used]. You‟re never happy. (This is a permanent physical description. I am disappointed. Eu estou com raiva. I hope so) Eu estou (tô) triste = I am („m) sad. Eu estou feliz. Wow. anxious. English translation: I am sad. (This implies putting on weight temporarily. cold. Eu estou com medo. Eu estou com frio.

We add –indo if the verb ends by “-ir” in the infinitive. We add –endo if the verb ends by “-er” in the infinitive.PORTUGUESE WE SAY “I HAVE 20 YEARS OLD”: “Eu tenho 20 anos de idade”. Some examples: Andar (to walk) – Eu estou andando (I am walking) Correr (to run) – Eu tô correndo (I’m walking) . Here is the verb “to have = ter” in the present tense: (this verb is irregular) Ter: Eu tenho Você tem Ele tem Ela tem Nós temos Vocês têm Eles têm Elas têm COLOURS Vermelho – Azul – Preto – Rosa – Amarelo – Verde – Cinza – Laranja – Roxo – Branco [=white] To have I have You have He has She has We have You have They have They hve GERUND: In English we make the gerund by attaching –ing to the end of a verb: I learn – I’m learning I study – I’m studying I work – I’m working In Portuguese it’s just as simple! We add –ando if the verb ends by “-ar” in the infinitive.

Sorrir (to smile) – Você está sorrindo (You’re smiling) Trabalhar (to work) – Você tá trabalhando (You’re working) Morrer (to die) – Ele está morrendo (He is dying) Cair (to fall) – Nós estamos caindo (We are falling) Change to the gerund: Amar (to love): __________ (loving) Cantar (to sing): _________ (singing) Cagar (to poop): _________ (pooping) Mover (to move): _________ (moving) Comer (to eat): ___________ (eating) Rir (to laugh): _____________ (laughing) .