THE LIES THAT JUBILEE TELLS
The Jubilee Alliance has just marked its first anniversary in power by releasing its own performance
as a government. The nation has heard the Jubilee story and ODM now wishes to undertake an
honest examination of the implementation of the Jubilee election campaign manifesto pledges; what
has been delivered and what has not been delivered, constituting Jubilee’s successes and failures over
the last one year.
1.1. Jubilee’s attitudes in government and leadership style.
Feedback is critical in modern governance systems where those in power presumably have a certain
social contract with the citizenry. However, the feedback and change processes work best where
governments have committed themselves to high degrees of responsiveness and have a genuine
interest in taking up the views of the people. There is not much evidence that Jubilee is one such
government. Nonetheless, it is the civic responsibility, national duty and inalienable right of ODM
to make this assessment. And we start by posing a question: has there been a national development
agenda under the Jubilee administration? The answer is ‘NO’. The right attitudes in government
would have seen Jubilee making the effort to rally the entire nation in support of their development
Vision, plans and programmes so that they do not remain the ideas and projects of Jubilee but the
aspirations and commitments of an entire nation. It is only then that a pact capable of delivering
development is struck between the government and the people.
Jubilee’s ‘know-it-all’ and ‘take it or leave it’ attitudes are bad for national development. And it is not
merely an error of omission on Jubilee’s part. It is deliberate action and commission. Jubilee leaders
are well aware of the importance of national conversations and consensus on development
trajectories and objectives. That is why when it served their short-term interests, they convened a
rather unsuccessful conference on the wage bill, as if that was where we ought to begin talking about
development in Kenya in the next five years. A responsible government does not go around the
country ‘assuring’ communities that they will be included in government’s development
programming irrespective of how they voted. That is patronizing and old-fashioned. Instead, the
government ought to convene and facilitate a national discussion to deliberate on the proposals of
the Jubilee Alliance and elevate them to be the national development agenda for five years of
Jubilee’s government. Rather than this the arrogance is now being taken over by the discredited
IEBC when it engages in chest thumbing in defence of the rigged elections that saw Jubilee to
power. Proposals for the IEBC to “lend” BVR kits to Jubilee for purposes of ‘’digitalizing
government only reveal advance steps to prepare for rigging the next elections.
It is in public domain and open for all to see: this regime has ethnicized the Kenyan state more than
any other regimes before it. Just as the ruling alliance is an alliance of two ethnic blocks, so is the
composition of government. The government's net is cast so narrowly in public appointments, in
the worst cases leading to candidates' lists comprised of persons from only one tribe. Such politics
of exclusion is bad and potentially dangerous for a country with such social diversities as ours. By
excluding other Kenyans from public service, Jubilee is courting disaster and tempting the gods. It
should be understood that this exclusion of non 'Jubilee' ethnic communities goes on at the same
time as the marginalization of certain communities and social groups in our society. Does this
government know that many of the personally internally displaced by the violence of 2007/08 have
not received any support from government? There are IDPs in Nyanza, Western and other regions
other than the Rift Valley. Why would some IDPs receive Kshs. 400,000/- from government while
others receive nothing, in the same country? Is that not part and parcel of the shameless exclusion
and ethnic bigotry that is now Jubilee's established practice?
Even worse, it is now clear that Jubilee leaders have all along been harbouring strong reservations
against devolution. They have an entrenched faith in authoritarian rule borne mainly out of their
historical political socialization. Rather than wind down the Provincial Administration as
constitutionally required, Jubilee is creating a powerful structure of Presidential Authoritarianism in
the counties, in the name of executive County Commissioners. It is tantamount to further increasing
the wage bill, escalating constitutional crises and engendering unnecessary political tension in the
country. Jubilee should accept the will of the people for local self governance. It is not a favour from
them to the people of Kenya. It is a choice we consciously made.
The ongoing security operation, promoted as anti-terror strategies themselves represent forms of
discrimination and marginalization of communities, especially the Somali community. whereas
government has the responsibility and mandate to weed out criminals from society, that
responsibility is intertwined with the protection of rights and freedoms of individuals and groups.
Police action ought to be informed by intelligence information to make it more targeted. Security
'swoops' in selected neighborhoods are very poor responses to sophisticated planners of terrorist
activities. we cannot beat them in this way. At the same time, the fight against terrorism should not
be conflated with immigrations in the country. Again, making the assumption that people visiting
Kenya from certain countries are main suspects for terrorism-related crimes amounts to negative
profiling of such communities. Let patterns emerge from evidence and intelligence and not
prejudice. In any case, Kenya has become an extremely insecure place under this Jubilee regime.
Marauding gangs and militias as well as blood thirsty criminals are having a field day as Jubilee
leaders watch without concrete action.
It elicits a lot of worry when a government clearly sets its eyes on gaining full control of the media,
civil society, trade unions and private equity! That is what Jubilee has been working on with the
Media and NGO bills they proposed and now the government's overt support for the establishment
of a second labour center in Kenya. Jubilee's proposal to increase workers' contribution to state-
managed pension scheme is a deliberate strategy to shift economic power from the private sector to
politicians and their cronies. It is very well known that social security savings from the bulk of
private equity that drives investment in most economies of the world. By taking away these muscles
from the private sector, Jubilee takes this country to the days when wealth and prosperity of
individuals and groups had little to do with effort but everything to do with political connections
that afforded such persons or groups access to monies held by government for maintaining
networks of patronage. While there is nothing terribly wrong about government-run pension funds,
Kenyans' experiences with the Kenya Posts and Telecommunications Corporation and the Kenya
Railways pension funds in the KANU days point to government tendency to apply pension funds to
patronage networks rather than intended purposes. In these two cases, the staff pensions were
completely lost and the economic standing of many families destroyed irrecoverably.
1.2. Jubilee’s Manifesto in the Context of Vision 2030.
The Kenyan development goal to become a ‘globally competitive and prosperous nation with a high
quality life for all citizens’ is spelt out in the long-term development blueprint; the Vision 2030. The
Vision is to be achieved by the implementation of its key 1,200 flagship projects, identified under its
economic, social and political pillars for structural transformation. These would transform Kenya
into ‘a newly-industrializing, middle- income country with a clean and secure environment’. It is on
the 1,200 Vision 2030 flagship projects that the Jubilee Coalition was to anchor the country’s
development path for its five years term in office. On a positive note, the Jubilee manifesto relates
closely with the grand plans outlined in Vision 2030. But the styles and attitudes of the Jubilee
administration are reflected here too. Any plan is as good as the frameworks for its implementation
which weigh heavily on chances of success.
The apex governing organ of the Vision 2030 is the National Economic and Social Council (NESC),
which was created by the reformist NARC government in 2003. This body undertakes the
reflections and deliberations that lead to the formulation of the objectives of development and the
frameworks for monitoring implementation in a long-term perspective. It is such an important
organ of the Vision 2030 implementation process. It is a great disappointment that NESC has
remained moribund in the first one year of the Jubilee administration. How has NESC been
replaced? And with what institution? It is only a ‘philosopher-king’ mentality of people in
government that could explain the choices to ignore such an important institution. Long-term
development plans and the institutional arrangements to govern them were put in place to dismantle
the very practices that Jubilee have now resurrected from the graveyards of the lost decades in
development – patronage and neo-patrimonialism wrapped in the pack of presidential
authoritarianism. No surprise that national assets like oil fields are being auctioned to international
speculators without reference to any national institutions like parliament.
In the meantime, it is no wonder that the Jubilee regime is unable to reduce living costs. Life in
Kenya is increasingly becoming unbearable for many households as commodity prices rise steadily.
Interest rates remain high, making it difficult for entrepreneurs to start and sustain businesses that
may create jobs. Tourism is performing below expectations, partly because of the insecurities
emanating from terrorist activities, but also because of the government's laxity in marketing the
country. In the long-term, things will get worse for the sector, as poachers now move close to
completely wiping out some of our most attractive wildlife. How come certain things happen only at
certain historical conjectures? what is the history of poaching in Kenya and in which periods has it
been at such critical levels as it is today? For the first time in this country's history, a foreign
government has had to send planes to Kenya to collect their nationals because of insecurity. We
cannot just blame that on international terrorism. It is, in many respects, a sign of the deficiencies of
our own governance order.
We have, in our hands, a national crisis of unprecedented proportions. Sadly, this situation is the
creation of just a few Kenyans; an ethnic cabal that has appropriated all spaces for public affairs
management in this country, especially the critical positions in civil service. To them, government is
an exclusive arena for the pursuit of private and communal aggrandisement in favor of the
president's ethnic community. The national treasury and the State Law Office are good example. But
it extends to the very critical security sector and diplomatic postings around the world. Kenyans
cannot ignore this consistent and deliberate ethnicization of government any longer. It is not only
dangerous to our national cohesion and stability, but greatly undermines the effectiveness of
government. The greed of a few cannot be allowed to jeopardize the fate of an entire nation. In a
diverse society such as ours, it is a misnomer that certain departments, committees or working
groups in government can actually conduct affairs in one ethnic language. We are courting disaster.
This terrible practice of misgovernance must stop.
2. JUBILEE’S DEVELOPMENT PROMISES AND THE LIES THEY HAVE
2.1. Assuming Power and continuing to campaign.
To the amazement of Kenyans, Jubilee leaders have remained in a campaign mode for a whole year
after assuming offices in government. Everywhere they go, they make promises of development. It
is the Jubilee leaders more than any others, who need to realize that campaigns are behind us. It is
time to deliver. Continuing to make promises is to say that the earlier promises were lies. And these
new ones, even if repetitions of the old promises, are lies too. It appears that Jubilee is focused on
sustaining hopes of the people for development rather than delivery of development promises. New
promises over old promises, in their view, will sustain the people’s hopes. Kenyans cannot live on
hope alone. Promises have a shelf life, beyond which they become lies.
2.2. Worrying trends in Agriculture, Land, Energy and Infrastructure Development
We have done a sector-by-sector review of development progress under the Jubilee administration.
But it’s important to pick out a few key areas at the heart of national development and make some
remarks about these. They are: Agriculture, Land, Energy and Infrastructure. It is now within the
knowledge of Kenyans and their leaders that our development will be hinged on these sectors. Yet
the performance of the Jubilee administration in managing and developing these key sectors is
wanting and worrying at the same time. On the whole, Jubilee’s one year in office has seen:
The failure to repossess illegally acquired public land as promised;
Suspect high costs of public projects in infrastructure such as the standard gauge railway
Unjustifiable costs of electricity production and completion of major energy projects, like the
Nairobi transmission ring and the Mombasa – Nairobi transmission line.
Clearly, whereas Kenyans see these four sectors as the life-blood of our economic life as a nation,
Jubilee seems to view them as the running taps of resources to be tapped for other uses other than
intended use. Over-blown costs of public projects inevitably lead to high user charges in sectors like
energy and infrastructure, hence inefficient production by firms that translates into high prices of
consumer goods and services for the people of Kenya. Jubilee ought to know that it is not just about
implementing public projects; it is about carrying out these projects honestly, with the best
intentions and at the lowest costs. Whether projects are funded by own resources or debt, if we pay
far much more than we needed to pay, they simply do not help much. There can only be one
explanation to this: corruption, unless the government admits limitations of skills and competencies
to evaluate public projects for ‘value for money’.
Hereafter we present a sector-by-sector analysis of the Jubilee promises and what the administration
has accomplished. We also evaluate the viability and soundness of the policy choices. It is to be
noted that the exclusivist approach to policy implementation, beginning with the increasing
ethinization of national institutions is bound to be the undoing of Jubilee.
3. SECTOR - BY- SECTOR REVIEW
Vision 2030 aims to transform the country’s agriculture from a subsistence-oriented sector into a more profitable, commercially-oriented
and internationally and regionally competitive economic activity that provides high quality and gainful employment to Kenyans.
Agricultural transformation is the process by which individual farms shift away from highly diversified, subsistence-oriented production
towards more specialized production made for the market or other systems of exchange. Agricultural transformation is a necessary part of
the broader process of structural transformation, in which an increasing proportion of economic output and employment are generated by
sectors other than agriculture. Hence, at the national level, the economy transforms from one that is predominantly rural and agricultural to
one that is urban, industrial and service oriented. The need to transform Kenya’s agriculture from the current state of widespread
subsistence to a more modern, market-oriented commercial sector is therefore urgent if the sector is to meet the goals set within the
timeframe. What has jubilee achieved?
Jubilee Manifesto Progress Critique and Verification
Enactment of the
Agricultural Reform Bill
Nothing said Achieved under
AFFA Act 2013, Crops Act 2013, KALRO Act 2013
Within five years, put a million
acres of land under modern
Galana Irrigation project launched prematurely without a
Nothing in the manifesto feasibility study to
construct own plant
Cost at Ksh 47 billion is too thigh for one type of fertilizer.
Buying shares or fertilizer plant in Eastern European countries
should be an option
Nothing in Manifesto feasibility study for
coast Region DFZ
Under Kibaki-Raila regime.
Other agricultural sector Jubilee Manifesto Pledges not in the Vision 2030 include:
1. Within two years, implement a public-private partnership insurance scheme to cushion livestock and crop farmers from risks,
2. Reduce the cost of credit by at least 50% of the commercial rate.
3 Initiate and support a county level framework for value addition of livestock and crops at source.
4. Double and diversify our national strategic food reserves from the current 22% to 40% of annual consumption.
5. Implement the Maputo Declaration to attain food surplus.
6. Revamp the mandate of the National Livestock Board.
7. Facilitate and encourage pastoral communities and regions to establish pasture banks along traditional pasturing routes.
8. Offer minimum guarantee to farmers in terms of crop and produce prices at the beginning of a crop season.
All these eight commitments are yet to be initiated one year after Jubilee came to power.
Energy is an extremely important resource for development as all the grand vision 2030 plans depend on available adequate energy. No
new energy project has been initiated under the Jubilee regime but all are a continuation of the on-going projects inherited. In the
meantime, the management of the Energy Sector is being destabilized by cronyism, nepotism, and corruption.
Subsector Jubilee Manifesto pledge Progress Critique and Verification
Connect 2 million new
consumers in one year
Finalized plans to increase the supply of
reliable and affordable 5,538 megawatts
into the national grid and lower the cost
of power in the next three years including
hydro, thermal power and green and
cheaper natural gas coal-fired power
Cost is now Ksh 75000 for rural
connection while GOK insists it is only
Ksh 35,000, as a result, standoff and no
connections for past one year. None of
institutions in sector had even CEOs
over the past one year.
3,196 GWh of electricity
were to be produced using
natural hydro, wind and
geothermal resources as well
as thermal fuel generated
from green sources.
250mw diesel plants
1920mw coal plants
1646mw geothermal plants
630mw wind power plants
24 mw hydro kindaruma
250mw diesel plants
1,250 mw LNG liquefied
Power and Lighting Company
* 170,758 customers connected to the
* 10,119km of additional lines.
* 24MVA of generation capacity
connected to network.
* Average retail tariff-industrial was
reduced from 14.14 to 13.56.
* Average retail tariff-domestic was
reduced from 19.76 to 19.13.
* 33 sub-stations are at various levels of
Geothermal Development Company
*Completion of contracts for
procurement of three additional drilling
* Drilling of three geothermal wells in
* Tender preparations for 90MW power
plant in Menengai are at advanced stage.
Being executed at extremely high cost
above international benchmark prices.
Complete the Nairobi
Transmission Ring Project
and the Mombasa-Nairobi
KenGen - geothermal development
programme starting with the flagship
Olkaria I & IV 280MW at an estimated
Being executed at extremely high cost
above international benchmark prices.
Transmission Line to ensure
reliable power supply for
our two largest cities.
Prioritise the construction of
an oil pipeline from South
Sudan and a new oil refinery
at the coast.
cost of $1 billion (Sh86 billion). It is one
of the most competitive projects, with an
overall tariff of around 5 US cents. The
project is 89 per cent complete with most
installations complete and 210MW
scheduled to be commissioned by July
HIGH Grand Multipurpose
Arror Multipurpose Dam
Nandi Forest Multipurpose
establishment of solar farms
that are partly owned by the
local community to supply
local people with energy and
sell the surplus back to
Kenya Power at commercial
Create an Oil & Gas
Revenue Fund and give 5%
of public revenues back to
the local communities where
resources are located and
5% to pay for the roll out of
local renewable energy
schemes. Also fund the
rehabilitation of excavated
The realization of the desired socio-economic transformation under Vision 2030 for any sector is founded on a sound policy on land,
which, as a major factor of production, is the foundation from which the flagship projects will be implemented. In this respect, the Vision
lays emphasis on land reforms, with the preparation of the National Spatial Plan (NSP), which is also another flagship project. It is
envisaged that the Plan will guide the prudent use of national space, resources and enhance sectoral co-ordination.
Even more importantly, the Jubilee manifesto pledged repossession of all illegally occupied public land without compensation and the
prosecution of land grabbers. They also promised to improve the efficiency and speed of processing title deeds. Nothing of the sort has
happened. Instead, most of what is emanating from Ardhi House has been the power struggle between the cabinet secretary and the
National Land Commission that has slowed down reforms and programmes with the latter having moved to the Supreme Court for clear
interpretation of functions. The delay in processing title deeds has had adverse effects on business, real estate development and land
inheritance. At Ardhi House, the cabinet secretary represents a government that is unwilling to surrender major land management activities
to the constitutionally mandated NLC. The cabinet secretary is protecting big political interests who may be badly exposed by efficient land
procedures to be administered by the NLC, including re-examining some of the title deeds suspected to have been obtained fraudulently or
in respect of grabbed land in previous years.
Jubilee Manifesto Progress Critique and Verification
Repossession of all illegally occupied
public land without compensation
The prosecution of land grabbers
to accelerate issuance of title deeds
Started Acts passed under coalition government.
National Land Title
Started Not done
Modernization of Land
in 7 counties
Land Use Master Plan Not mentioned Started writing
National spatial plan Not mentioned TOR drafted Not done
Jubilee Manifesto Progress Critique and Verification
Improve the rail network
to upgrade the links
between major cities. This
will include building a new
standard Gauge Railway
from Mombasa to Malaba
with a branch line to
Kisumu in line with current
5% to at least 50%.
Project launched by
2013 even when a letter
from office of the
Deputy President was
officially questioning its
viability and tendering
process among other
shortfalls. No longer
going past Nairobi.
Most controversial with total project cost not known. First
cost was Ksh. 220 billion which rose to Ksh. 327 billion
after the CRBC was allowed to include locomotives,
passenger cabins and wagons. The latest is Ksh 447 billion
to cater for land acquisition, loan insurance and loan
Lamu Port South
Implement and actualize
the LAPSSET corridor
(Lamu Port, South Sudan,
Authority formed as a
vehicle to execute the
A Vision 2030 project that was to open the land corridor
for massive investment and opening the northern Kenya
region is being eclipsed by the SGR project.
Nairobi Mass Rail
Construct a series of
networks in all major cities
in Kenya i.e. Nairobi,
Mombasa and Kisumu,
including a link to
Nairobi’s Jomo Kenyatta
Sokymau, Imara Daima
and Makadara railways
All initiated under the grand coalition regime.
Other manifesto pledges on infrastructure and transport include:
1. Give the Kenya National Highways Authority responsibility for all international, national and primary roads.
2. Abolish the Kenya Rural Roads Authority and the Kenya Urban Roads Agency and devolve management of secondary and minor
roads to the counties.
3. Prioritize the upgrading of rural road networks and feeder roads.
4. Continue with the program of upgrades to the major road network.
5. Restructure and modernize the ferry and inland water vessel services in Kenya and create linkages to the main ports and road
6. Make JKIA the regional airline hub and expand and modernize existing international airports i.e. Mombasa, Kisumu, Eldoret.
Expand, modernize and maintain airstrips and create a network of county airstrips to promote trade.
7. Complete the expansion of Jomo Kenyatta International Airport which includes a new terminal and runway, and build a new
international airport at Isiolo.
3.5. EDUCATION, FREE LAPTOPS AND SCHOOL MILK
The fiasco of free laptops promised for every primary school child in Kenya must be one of Jubilee’s worst nightmares. Economic reality
had already forced scaling down of the project from all primary schools. It is now a full-blown procurement scandal. Information we are
currently verifying indicate that close to Sh1 billion may have been lost as transaction costs in what has now turned out to be a major
Vision 20130 Flagship Education Projects:
The flagship projects in education sector include
(1) Mainstreaming Early Childhood Development Education.
(2) Curriculum review and reform.
(3) Integrating Information, Communication and Technology into Teaching and Learning.
(4) Laptop Programme.
(5) Establishment of education Management information system.
(6) Training artisans.
(7) Basic education infrastructure.
(8) TVET infrastructure and equipment.
(9) Human resource in support of University education.
(10) Education in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas.
The government has been singly focused on the now failed laptops project, probably because of its immense potential to generate
Vision 2030 Jubilee Pledge Progress Critique and Verification
number of schools
The Basic Education Act, 2013 enacted
Not achieved Student-teacher ratio to 1: 40 students
not yet achieved, because many public
schools are still overcrowded by students
and with few teachers.
1440 secondary schools received grants to purchase lab
equipment worth Sh200 million
The ministry bought ICT equipment worth Sh350 million
and distributed it to 200 schools
Increase education funding by 1% each
year so that by 2018 it reaches 32% of
The laptop project for Standard One pupils: The process
of procuring and funding are in place to buy1, 203,539
laptops for learners and 20,637 for teachers, 20637
printers and 20637 projectors. Though the award of the
tender was cancelled by the Public Procurement
Administrative Review Board, the ministry was given 45
days to conclude the procurement.
Provide free milk for
every primary school
going child which will
be sourced from
Being introduced in phases.
May end up favoring certain areas and creating social
disparities and unequal empowerment for performance
Raise the transition
rate from primary to
secondary to 90%
transition rates from
secondary to tertiary
and university levels
The transition rate from primary to secondary school
increased from 76.75 to 76.76 per cent.
Give tax incentives
those who complete
Not done Not done.
Introduce a national
scholarships for the
Make it mandatory
that state secondary
schools take a
minimum 50% of
their student intake
from public schools
number of post-
The ministry established the Kenya Universities and
Colleges Central Placement Services to coordinate
national admission to universities and middle-level
Actual implementation pending
Establish a business bursary scheme and encourage
private companies - through tax incentives to contribute
to the scheme.
Needs parliamentary approval.
Sponsor qualified Sponsor qualified students through university in return
for a 1-year work commitment after graduation.
It’s not done. Trying to jump onto a long
running Equity bank MasterCard
Increase the school
No major action
level colleges into
Reverse the current trend of turning
middle-level colleges into universities
and reinstate them. Not done.
Open new vocational technical institutes
in each constituency. Not done.
3.6. THE NATIONAL TREASURY
Subsector Jubilee pledge Progress Critique and verification
IFMIS Making the Public
open, transparent and
order to ensure that all
entrepreneurs have the
opportunity to secure
The National Treasury
facilitated connectivity of
the 47 counties to the
IFMIS system and
Technical and functional
teams were sent to the
counties to provide support
and train throughout the
The IFMIS procure-to-pay
module was supposed to be
implemented during the
year. It could have allowed
for efficient supplier and
purchase order management
through an automated
process that starts at
IFMIS has good intentions but laxity in
procurement plans, actual
procurement and payment
of suppliers for goods or
Provide loans and
grants to new small
businesses through the
The External Resources
Department facilitated the
signing of financing
agreements worth Sh98.15
billion in loans and Sh2
billion in grants. The
agreements were with 19
across the world.
The recent amendment of the Public Financial
Management Act removing ceilings in foreign
borrowings is likely to lead to an unmanageable
external debt situation
Procurement With immediate effect,
activating the 30%
procurement rule in
procurement policy. In
specific projects like
water harvesting and
The Public Procurement
and Disposal Act 2005
amended via The Public
Procurement and Disposal
Regulations, 2013. To
provide exclusive preference
to local contractors of
No evidence that Corruption in procuring has
reduced greatly and that process is now free and
fair for all.
Likelihood that rent seeking check points may
erode the gains intended.
will be given priority.
We will also review the
Fund to assist women
large contracts and
vehicles, plant equipment,
furniture and textiles made
Exclusive preference to
Kenyans for road works
goods and services. They
also provide for allocation
of at least 30 per cent
procurement by public
entities to enterprises owned
by youth, women and
people with disability.
Enact new Public
(PPP) legislation to
investment in public
projects, speeding up
the delivery of
needed to achieve
Kenya Vision 2030.
The Public Private
Partnership Act, 2013 was
enacted, establishing a legal
framework to ensure
accountability and private
sector participation in
development. A Public
Private Partnership Unit has
been established and is
But attracting private investment will still require a
healthier investment climate devoid of corruption
and bureaucratic red tape.
Subsector Jubilee pledge Progress Critique and Verification
Free maternal health
On June 2013, the Government
declared free maternity services in
all public facilities which been
successfully implemented in all
public health facilities that provide
Hospitals, like KNH, are piling up
debts and other services are
Implementation of free maternity
services has seen an increase in the
number of deliveries in public health
facilities. The number of deliveries has
increased to 66 per cent from 44 per
cent. The number of complications
reduced last year compared to 2012. In
addition, free maternity services have led
to a decline in maternal deaths – 919
maternal deaths were reported in 2012,
but 854 last year. A crisis, however, is
looming due to gross inadequacy of
government funding. Whereas the
government provides subsidies at the
rate of Kshs.17,000/- per delivery, actual
costs are far much higher. Kenyatta
National Hospital, for example, is left
with a bill of about Kshs.300M every
month after exhausting the subsidy.
Free primary health care
In this financial year, the
government provided Sh700
million to primary health facilities
to compensate them for the loss of
user fees. Between July and
December last year,2,481
dispensaries and 832 health centres
were covered under this
programme and received Sh389.5
million as user fee compensation
As a result of this initiative, use of health
services in primary care facilities
increased, with visits rising to 18 million
from 12 million between June and
December last year compared to the
same period in 2012. This translates to a
50 per cent increase. But this
arrangement is no substitute for a
Universal Social Health Insurance which
is much more sustainable.
NHIF Universal health coverage
The Ministry of Health is
establishing a unified framework
for management of healthcare
services for the poor, marginalised
and vulnerable through the
Healthcare Subsidies for Social
Health Protection. The number of
NHIF branches and service points
increased from 88 in June last year
to 97 in January.
While the number of providers in NHIF
network increased from 1,285 to 1,403 in
the same period. NHIF membership has
risen from 3.8 million in June last year to
4.12 million - 2.85 million from the
formal sector and 1.27 million from the
informal sector. This means the
members have risen to 14 million and
dependants to 16.25 million.
But once more only Universal Health
Insurance will meet the constitutional
requirement of universal access to health
care, emergency services and
Construction of health
facilities in informal
Initiatives have been taken to
improve health facilities in the
informal settlements, especially in
Nairobi, Mombasa and Kisumu.
Sh200 million has been allocated
for this. Implementation will be
carried out by the National
Housing Corporation using
cheaper building technology to
Initiatives have been taken to improve
health facilities in the informal
settlements , especially in Nairobi,
Mombasa and Kisumu. Sh200 million
has been allocated for this.
Implementation will be carried out by
the National Housing Corporation using
cheaper building technology to reduce
Digitisation of health
A web-based health information
management system in use in the
public health sector provides a
platform onto which manual
reports are transcribed at the sub-
county, resulting in a variety of
This initiative will move health
information from paper to digital in all
public health facilities.
Has this been done or is it still at the
In July last year, the government committed Sh3.1 billion for recruitment of 30
community nurses in every constituency, Sh522 million for 10 community
health workers a constituency and Sh1.2 billion for provision of housing units
to health care workers. But where are the nurses?
Equipping hospitals Kenyatta National
The procurement and
installation of the
endoscopy machine at
a cost of Sh20 million
Procurement of the
cancer machine at
Operation of the
facility at a cost of
Proposed projects at KNH
Construction of a burn and paediatric centre at
Construction of critical care centre at Sh15.5 million
Establishment of a fully equipped radiology centre at
Construction of an orthopaedic centre at Sh130
All these were initiatives under my care as
Nothing new here.
3.8. INDUSTRALIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT.
Subsector Jubilee pledge Progress Critique and verification
Employment Create 1 million
Buy Kenya and Build Kenya Policy is
finalized. To ensure government agencies
promote local production by buying
Kenyan products and promoting
Target a 7-10 per
cent growth rate in
the first two years
of the Jubilee
creation of a Single
East African Market
phasing out tariffs
and barriers among
creation of a single
regional towards the
In early stages of implementation
exchange rate stable
and control the
flow of money into
the economy in
order to lower
interest rates and
keep inflation in
Comparing Kibaki’s Government with Uhuru,
the economy during Kibaki’s Government was
more stable than the current one. The economy
has not been fully stabilized.
Expanding the economy and promoting
industries so that jobs and business
opportunities are created. We will
transform the Youth Enterprise
Development Fund and Kenya Industrial
Estates into a new national enterprise
agency Biashara Kenya. This agency will
catalyse further economic growth.
Retaining a youth focus by placing
representatives from the National Youth
Sector Alliance on the new agencys board.
Giving tax breaks/holidays to our young
people to encourage them to initiate start-
up businesses. To sustain this, the Coalition
Government will introduce a policy of
purchasing locally manufactured goods and
Not yet accomplished.
Encouraging the development of micro-
financial schemes for new businesses and
farmers along the lines of tire renowned
and successful Grameen Bank model.
Initiated by previous government
Introducing tax breaks for companies that
establish apprenticeship programmes for
young people equipping young people with
necessary skills and technology
Providing training services and creating
market for locally producer? goods and
services internally, regionally and
internationally. We will promote brand-
names of locally manufactured, products to
boost incomes for promising artisans. More
specifically, we will create markets for Jua
Kali products, male and female body care
products, coffee houses and milk-bars.
Building on the Economic Stimulus
Program (ESP) by establishing local
economic development agencies at a county
level so that every county and constituency
will have access to crucial facilities and
This initiative should be appropriately
anchored at the county government
Developing special Industrial Parks and
clusters in the counties that will target
young people and women who start small
businesses and providing access to
electricity, water, capital equipment and
clean sanitary environments and improved
access roads. This will boost growth at the
county level and help to stem rural-urban
migration, itself a significant strain on
Implementation still pending.
Kenya’s major towns.
Create a National Trust Fund from a
significant portion of proceeds from
Government sale of its shares and assets of
parastatals. The fund will be appropriated in
the name of every citizen in the nature of
pension funds, CDS accounts, and other
Social Security Funds.
Improve our energy infrastructure and
promote alternative energy sources so as to
create the adequate and cost-effective
energy supply regime necessary for
This has been in a long journey from Coalition
Government. The two Governments have
contributed towards achieving the stated goal.
Not yet achieved.
Help Kenya’s business sector become as
competitive as possible by reducing
business taxation, removing unnecessary
regulation and encouraging competition
through new enterprise zones in each
Not yet achieved.
Introduce tax incentives to encourage
investment and growth in the
manufacturing and service sectors, which
will enable the Coalitions pledge of creating
1 million new jobs to become a reality.
Pursue exchange rate stabilization policy
and monetary policy that will lower interest
No signs of reducing interest rates.