EC: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Duration: Three Hours

Maximum Marks: 150

Read the following instructions carefully.

1. This question paper contains 85 objective type questions. Q.l to Q.20 carry one mark each and Q.21 to Q.85 carry two marks each.

2. Attempt all the questions.

3. Questions must be answered on Objective Response Sheet (ORS) by darkening the appropriate bubble (marked A, B, C, D) using HB pencil against the question number on the left hand side of the ORS. Each question has only one correct answer. In case you wish to change an answer, erase the old answer completely.

4. Wrong answers will carry NEGATIVE marks. In Q.l to Q.20, 0.25 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer. In Q.21 to Q.76, Q.78, Q.80, Q.82 and in Q.84, O.S mark will be deducted for each wrong answer. However, there is no negative marking in Q. 77, Q.79, Q.81, Q.83 and in Q.85. More than one answer bubbled against a question will be taken as an incorrect response. Unattempted questions will not carry any marks.

5. Write your registration number. your name and name of the examination centre at the specified locations on the right half of the ORS.

6. Using HB pencil. darken the appropriate bubble under each digit of your registration number and the letters corresponding to your paper code.

7. Calculator is allowed in the examination hall.

8. Charts, graph sheets or tables are NOT allowed in the examination hall.

9. Rough work can be done on the question paper itself. Additionally blank pages are given at the end of the question paper for rough work.

10. This question paper contains 28 printed pages including pages for rough work. Please check all pages and report, if there is any discrepancy.

EC 1128

S/121 FoodlO6-EC-1A

Q. 1 - Q. 20 carry one mark each.

Q.l If E denotes expectation, the variance of a random variable X is given by

(A) E[Xl]-E2[X] (C) E[X2]

(B) E[X:Z]+E~[X] (D) E2[X]

Q.2 The following plot shows a functiony which varies linearly with x. The value of the


integral I;:;:;: fy dx is


(A) 1.0

(8) 2 . .5

(C) 4.0

(D) .5.0

Q.3 For Ixl« 1, coth(x) can be approximated as

fA) x

(B) x2

(C) I





I. sin(O/2) ..

1m . IS

0--+0 ()

(A) O.S

(B) 1

(C) 2

(D) not defined

Q.5 Which one of the following functions is strictly bounded?

I (A) --




Q.6 For the function e-x, the linear approxlmatlen around x;:;:;: 2 is

fA) (3-x)e-2

(C) [3+ 2.J2 -{I + J2)x Je-l

(B) I-x (D) e-2

'0'.7 An independent voltage source in series with an impedance Zs -:;;;: Rs + JXsdelivers a maximum average power to a load impedance ZL when

(A) ZL "'" Rs + jXs (C) ZL=jXs

(B) ZL = s,

(D) ZL = Rs - jXs

EC 2/28

5/121 Foodl06-EC-18

Q.8 The Re circuit shown in the figure is

(A) a low-pass filter (C) a band-pass filter

(B) a high-pass filter (D) a band-reject filter

Q.9 The electron and hole concentrations in an intrinsic semiconductor are n, per cm3 at 300 K. Now, if acceptor impurities are introduced with a concentration of N" per em) (where N A » 1'1,), the electron concentration per cm3 at 300 K will be

(A) n,

(B) n,+NA

(C) N4 -n,

Q.1O In a p + n junction diode under reverse bias. the magnitude of electric field is maximum at

(A) the edge ofthe depletion region on the p-side (8) the edge ofthe depletion region on the n-side (C) the p'" n junction

(D) the centre of the depletion region on the n-sidc

Q.l1 The correct full wave rectifier circuit is,







Ee 3/28

Q.12 In a transconductance amplifier, it is desirable to have

(A) a large input resistance and a large output resistance (B) a large input resistance and a small output resistance (C) a small input resistance and a large output resistance (D) a small input resistance and a small output resistance

Q.B X = 0] 110 and Y = 11001 are two 5-bit binary numbers represented in two's complement format. The sum of X and Y represented in two's complement format using 6 bits is

(A) 100111

(8) 001000

(C) 0001 I 1

(0) 101001

Q.14 The Boolean function Y = AB + CD is to be realized using only 2-input NAND gates.

The minimum number of gates required is

(A) 2

(B) 3

(C) 4

(D) 5

Q.15 If the closed-loop transfer function of a control system is given as

T( ) s - 5 th - ,.

s = " . en It [s


(A) an unstable system

(C) a minimum phase system

(B) an uncontrollable system

(D) a. non-minimum phase system

Q.16 1

Ifthe Laplace transform ofa signal.y(t) is yes) = , then its final value is


CA) -I

(8) 0

(C) 1

(D) Unbounded

Q.17 If R(T) is the autocorrelaticn function of a real, wide-sense stationary random process, then which of the following is NOT true?

(A) R(T) = R(-T) (B) IR(r)i s R(O) (C) R(r) = - R(-T)

(D) The mean square value of the process is R(O)

Q.18 If S(f) is the power spectral density of a real, wide-sense stationary random pmcess, then which of the following is AL WA YS true?

(A) S(O) ~ S(f) (C) S(- I) = -S(I)

(B) S(/).2: 0


(D) J S(/)df = 0

EC 4128

Q.19 A plane wave of wavelength A: is travelling in a direction making an angle 30° with positive x-axis and 90° with positive y-axis. The E field of the plane wave can be represented as ( Eo is a constant)

j(OJ( _ J3". .1" _ !!.::)

- A A A

(A) E = y Eo e

j(wt _!!...x _ Jj1r =}

- ~ A A

(B) E;; y Eo e

.( ..fir ".)

} wi +x + -:

E- ~E ). A

(C) = Y 0 e

.( 1r ..fj;r)

J (I)/--.t +-z

- A ..l A

CD) E= y EO e

0.20 If C is a closed curve enclosing a surface S, then the magnetic field intensity Ii , the current density J and the electric flux density b are related by

(A) JIJi.aS =cf(J + aiJJ.dl


,..f.( - R - aD] -

(C) 'iJHoas = J +- ·dl

s c' at

J- - A-C.(- aiJ)

(B) Hodl ='ff J +- .dS

r: s at

rC - - JI( - aD )

(D) 'jHodl = J +-- odS

r: s at

Q. 21 to Q. 75 carry two marks each.

0.21 It is given that Xl' X 2.··· X Mare M non-zero, orthogonal vectors. The dimension of the vector space spanned by the 2M vectors Xl' X2 .. ··XM' -Xl' -X2",-XM IS

(A) 2M (B) M +1 (C) M

(D) dependent on the choice of Xl' X2,···XM

Q.22 Consider the function lex) = x2 -x-2. The maximum value of [(x) in the closed interval [--4,4] 1.5

(A) 18

(9) 10

(C) -2.25

(D) indeterminate

Q.23 An examination consists of two papers, Paper I and Paper 2. The probability of failing in Paper 1 is 0.3 and that in Paper 2 is 0.2. Given that a student has failed in Paper 2, the probability of failing in Paper 1 is 0.6. The probability of a student failing in both the papers is

(A) 0.5


(C) 0.12

(D) 0.06

EC 5/28

(A) 3. 3

(8) ~ 3

(C) 1

(D) l 2


The solution of the di fferential equation kl d~ .~ =)' - v, under the boundary

dx' - •

conditions (i) y = YI at x = 0 and (ii) y = Y2 at x = 00, where k, YI and Y2 are constants" is

(A)y = (.vI - Y1 )exp(-xl k2)+ Y1 (C) Y = (YI - Y2)sinh(xl k)+ Y1

(8) Y=(Y1-YI)exp(-xlk)+YI (D) Y=(YI-Y2)exp(-x/k)+Y2

0.25 The equation x) _x2 +4x-4 = 0 is to be solved using the Newton-Raphson method.

If x = 2 is taken as the initial approximation of the solution, then the next approximation using this method will be

Q.26 Three functions.fi(I},Ji(t) andjj(t), which are zero outside the interval (O.TJ. are shown in the figure. Which of the following statements is correct?

I, (I) 2


-, ,-----~----"-

~ , .

, .

~(rl ~t=tIi

_II. _. -- '----.J :

. . .

firl l~b

_, __ U

.- ,

.. I

(A) Ii(l) andh(t) are orthogonal (B) .fi(t) andjj(t) are orthogonal (C) fi(l) andjj(t} are orthogonal (D) .fi(l) and!i(t) are orthonormal

0.27 lf rhe semi-circular contour D of radius 2: is as shown in the figure, then the value of the integral 9- : 1 ds is

J) (s -1)


(B) - jn

(C) -n

(D) ;r

.EC 6/28

Q.28 Two series resonant filters are as shown in the figure. Let the 3-d8 bandwidth of Filter 1 be BI and that of Filter 2 be B2 . The value of !!J.. is


Filter I

Filter 2

(A) 4

(8) 1

(e) 1. 2

(D) 1. 4

0.29 For the circuit shown in the figure, the Thevenin voltage and resistance looking into X-Yare


(8) 4 V, 2/3 n

(C) 4/3 V, 2/3 n

{D) 4 V, 20

Q.30 In the circuit shown, Vc is 0 volts at t = 0 sec. For t> 0, the capacitor current ,ic(l),

where t is in seconds, is given by



20 kG

(A) 0.50 exp(-25t) rnA (e) O.50exp(-12.5t) rnA

(8) 0.25 exp{-2St) rnA CD) O.25exp(-6.25t) rnA

Q.31 In the AC network shown in the figure, the phasor voltage VAS (in Volts) is



(A) 0

(B) 5L30o

(C) 12.5L30o

(D) 17L30o

EC 7/28

Q.32 A p. n junction has a built-in potential of 0.8 V. The depletion layer width at a reverse bias of 1.2 V is 2 urn, For a reverse bias of7.2 V. the depletion layer width will be

(A) 4 urn

(8) 4.9 urn

(C) 8 J.1m

(D) 12 J.1m

Q.33 Group I lists four types of [H1 junction diodes. Match each device in Group I with one ofthe options in Group Il to indicate the bias condition of that device in its normal mode of operation.

Group I

Group 11

P. Zener Diode

Q. Solar cell

R. LASER diode

S. Avalanche Photodiode

I. Forward bias 2. Reverse bias

(A) PAl. 0-2. R-l, S-2 (C) P-2, Q-2. R-l, S-I

(B) P-2. Q-1, R-], S-2 CD) P-2, o-r. R-2, S-2

Q.34 The DC current gain (p) of a BJT is 50. Assuming that the emitter injection efficiency is 0.995, the base transport factor is

(A) 0.980

(C) 0.990

(D) 0.995

(8) 0.985

0.35 Group I lists four different semiconductor devices. Match each device in Group I with its characteristic property in Group II.

Group I

Group II


Q. MOS capacitor

R. LASER diode S.lFET

1. Population inversion

2. Pinch-off voltage

3. Early effect

4. Flat-band voltage

(A) P-3. 0-1. R-4. $-2 (C) P-3. 0-4, n-t. S-2

(8) P-l. '0-4, R-3, $-2 (D) P-3, Q-2, R-I, 5-4

Q.36 For the Op-Amp circuit shown in the figure. V" is




(A) -2 V

(8) -: V

(C) -0.5 V

(D) 0.5 V

EC 8/28

0.37 For the BIT circuit shown, assume that the ~ of the transistor is very large and V8E = 0.7 V. The mode of operation of the B1T is




(A) cut-off

(8) saturation

(C) normal active

(0) reverse active

Q.38 In the Op-Amp circuit shown, assume that the diode current follows the equation

I = Is exp(V IVr). For V; = 2 Y, Va;;; VOl' and for ~ = 4 Y, v: ;;;;; v;,2' The relationship

between Vol and Vo2 is

(A) v"l = -Ii VOl (C) v..z = v"1 ln 2

(B) v"2 :::: e2 V"l

(D) V"I - v,,2 = Vr ln 2

Q.39 In the CMOS inverter circuit shown, if the transconductance parameters of the NMOS and PMOS transistors are kn = kp = pnC@ Wn = J.ipCox Wp = 40 J.1AN2 and their

i; Lp

threshold voltages are VTHn = IVTHPI = 1 V, the currenU is

(A) OA

(B) 25 JlA

(C) 45!,lA

(D) 90 J.l.A

EC 9/28

5/121 Foo~/a6-EC-2


QAO For the Zener diode shown in the figure, the Zener voltage at knee is 7 V, the knee current is negligible and the Zener dynamic resistance is tOn. If the input voltage (VI) range is from 10 to 16 V> the output voltage (Vo) ranges from

(A)7.00t07.29V (8)7.t4to7.29V (C) 7.14 to 7.43 V (D) 7.29 to 7,43 V

QA1 The Boolean expression Y = ABC D+ ABC D + ABC D + ABC D can be minimized to


--- ---


(C) Y=ABC D +B CD+A BC D (D) Y -= ABC D + BCD + ABC D

0·42 The circuit diagram of a standard TTL NOT gate is shown in the fi-gure. When V, = 2.5 V. the modes of operation of the transistors will be

(A) Ql: reverse active; Q2: normal active; Q3: saturation; Q4: cut-off

(8) QI: reverse active; Qz: saturation; Q3: saturation; Q4: cut-off

(C) QI: normal active; Qz: cut-off; Ql: cut-off; Q4: saturation

(0) Ql: saturation; Q2: saturation; Ql: saturation; Q4: normal active

EC 10/28

Q.43 In the following circuit, X is given by


') 4-to-l



13 SJ So

0 10 0
] 11 4-~o-1
I 12 MUX Y
0 13 S, So 0 A B


(A) X =A BC+A Be +A BC+A B C

(B) X = ABC + ABC + ABC + ABC (C) x = A B + B C + A C

(D) X = A B + B C + A C

Q.44 The following binary values were applied to the X and Y inputs of the NAND latch shown in the figure in the sequence indicated below:

X == 0, Y = 1.; X ;;: 0, Y "" 0; X = 1, Y = I.

The corresponding stable P, Q outputs will be



(A) p= 1. Q= 0; (8) P = I, Q = 0; (C) p ;::; r, Q :: 0; (D) P = 1, 0 :::: 0;

p= 1,0=0;

P :::: 0, Q = 1 01' P = 0, Q = 1; P=I,Q=l~

p= I,Q= I;

P = 1, Q = 0 or P = 0, Q = I P = 0, Q = 1

p= 1, Q = 0 or P = 0, Q = I P> I,Q= I

Q.45 For the circuit shown, the counter state (Q1QO) follows the sequence

(A) 00, 01, 10, 1 I, 00 .. , (C)OO.OI, 11,00,01 ...

(B) 00, 01. 10,00,01 ... (D) 00, 10, ! 1, 00, 10 ...

EC 11128

QA6 An 8255 chip is interfaced to an 8085 microprocessor system as an [/0 mapped I/O as shown in the figure. The address lines Ao and AI of the 8085 are used by the 8255 chip to decode internally its three ports. and the Control register. The address lines AJ

to A7 as well as the [0/ M signal are used for address decoding. The range of addresses for which the 8255 chip would get selected is



Q.47 The 3-dB bandwidth of the low-pass signal e-t u(t) , where u(t) is the unit step function, is given by


(A) - Hz 2;r

(C) «l

1 rrr:

(B) _. -l-Ii -1 Hz


(D) I Hz

Q,48 A Hilbert transformer is a

(A) non-linear system (C) time-varying system

(8) non-causal system (D) low-pass system

Q,49 The frequency response of a linear, time-invariant system is given by

H(!) =. 5 . The step response of the system is


(8) 5(I-e-~}(t) (D) i(l- e - ~ }o)

Q.50 A 5-point sequence x[n] is given as

x[ -3] ~ 1, x[-2] = 1, x[ -1] = 0, x[O] = 5, x[l]= 1.

Let X(c:I .... ) denote the discrete-time Fourier transform of x(n]. The value of


J X(eJrN )dw is


(A) 5

(B) lO;r

(C) 16,.

(D) 5+ jlO,.

EC 12/28


The a-transform X[z] of a sequence x[n] is given by X[z] = 0.5_1, It is given that 1-2z

the region of convergence of X[z] includes the unit circle. The value of x[0] is

(A) -0.5

(B) 9

(C) 0.25

(D) 0.5

Q.S2 A control system with a PD controller is shown in the figure. If the velocity error constant K; = 1 000 and the damping ratio (= 0.5, then the values of K r and K D are


100 s(s+10)

I--...._ __ y

(A) K, = 100, KLJ = 0.09 (C) K, = 10, KD = 0.09

(B) x, = 100, KD = 0.9 (D) Kp = 10, KD = 0.9

Q.53 The transfer function of a plant is T(s) = ~ . The second-order

(s+5)($ +5 +1)

approximation of Tes) using dominant pole concept is

(A) 1

(5 + 5)(s + 1)

(C) 5

S2 +s + 1

(B) 5


CD) 1

S2 +s+ 1

Q.54 1

The open-loop transfer function ofa plant is given as G(s) = -2-' If the plant is s -1

operated in a unity feedback configuration, then the lead compensator that can stabilize this control system is

(A) 1O(s -1) 5+2

(C) 10(s+2) s+10

(D) 2(s+2) $+10

(B) 10(s+4) s+2

Q.S5 A unity feedback control system has an open-loop transfer function

G(s) = K . The gain K for which s = -1 + jl will lie on the root locus of

S(S2 + 7s + 12)

this system is


(8) 5.S

(D) 10

(C) 6.5

EC 13128

70-171 Foct! 06 l:C-l

Q.56 The asymptotic Bode plot of a transfer function is as shown in the figure. The transfer function G(s) corresponding to this Bode plot is

IGUm)1 (dB)




-60 dB /decade



~O~ -+ ~~+- __ ~ ro

CA) ]


(C) 100

s(s + 1)(s + 20)

(B). I

s(s + 1)(s + 20)

(D) 100

s(s + 1)(1 + 0.05s)

Q.57 The state space representation of a separately excited DC servo motor dynamics is

given as

where (j) is the speed of the motor, io is the armature current and u is the armature voltage. The transfer function tVes) of the motor is


(A) 10

S2 +1]s + 11

(B) 1

S2 + l1s+ II

(C) lOs + 10

SZ + lIs + 11

(D) -=---1_. _ S2 +s +1

Q.58 In delta modulation, the slope overload distortion can be reduced by

(A) decreasing the step size

(C) decreasing the sampling rate

(B) decreasing the granular noise (D) increasing the step size

Q.59 The raised cosine pulse pCt) is used for zero lSI in digital communications. The

. f (). h uni 11 if f .. b ( ) sin 4nWt

expression or p tWit umty ro -0 actor IS given y p t = '1 2

4trWt(1-16W t )

The value of pet) at t = ~ is


(A) -0.5

(B) 0

(C) 0.5

(D) 00

EC l4/28

Q.60 In the following scheme, if the spectrum M(/) of met) is CIS shown, then the spectrum r(f) of yet) will be

COS (211 81)

.. Mf/)


sin (21t 81)


"" r /1. f
-28 -8 +8 +28
/1 r "" • J
-28 -8 +8 +2B ~





+8 f

Q.61 During transmission over a certain binary communication channel, bit errors occur independently with probability p. The probability of AT MOST one bit in error in a block of n bits is given by

(A) p"

(C) np(J- p),,-I + (1- py

(B) 1- p"

(D) I-(l-pr

Q.62 In a GSM system, 8 channels can co-exist in 200 kHz bandwidth using TDMA. A GSM based cellular operator is allocated 5 MHz bandwidth. Assuming a frequency

reuse factor Of~, i.e. a five-cell repeat. pattern, the maximum number of simultaneous channels that can exist in one cell is

(A) 200

(C) 25

(D) 5

(8) 40

Q.63 In a Direct Sequence COMA system the chip rate is 1.2288 x 106 chips per second. [f the processing gain is desired to be AT LEAST 100, the data rate

(A) must be less than or equal to 12.288 x 103 bits per sec (8) must be greater than 12.288 x 10) bits persec

(C) must be exactly equal to 12.288 x 10J bits per sec (D) can take any value less than 122.88 x 103 bits per sec

EC 15/28

0.64 An air-filled rectangular waveguide has inner dimensions of 3 cm x 2 cm. The wave impedance of the TE20 mode of propagation in the waveguide at a frequency of

30 GHz is (free space impedance Tlo = 377 Q)

CA) 308 n

(B) 355 n

(D) 461 n

(C) 400 Q

Q.65 The if field (in AIm) of a plane wave propagating in free space is given by

- A 5J3 (. f3) A 5 . ( f3 1E )

H = x--cos mt - z + y-srn tat - z +- .

~ ~ 2

The time average power flow density in Watts is

(A) TJo - ]00

(8) JOO 110

(C) 501102

Q.66 The E field in a rectangular waveguide of inner dimensions a x b is given by

E = ~~(: )Ho sin(2:X }in(mt-pz)y

where H; is a constant, and a and b are the dimensions aJong the x-axis and the y-axis respectively. The mode of propagation in the waveguide is

(A) TE20


(D) TElo

Q.67 A load of 50 nis connected in shunt in a 2-wire transmission line of ZD = 50 n as shown in the figure. The 2-port scattering parameter matrix (S-matrix) of the shunt element is

50n zcF50n.

(A) l-t tJ (eli -11

(B) [~ ~]

EC 16128

Q.68 The parallel branches ofa 2-wire transmission line are terminated in 100 nand 200 n resistors as shown in the figure. The characteristic impedance of the Ime is

Zu = SO n and each section has a length of % . The voltage reflection coefficient r at the input is

r ~50n 1·---< r

100 n


(B) -5 7

(C) j~ 7

(D) ~ 7

Q.69 A A.. dipole is kept horizontally at. a height of ~ above a perfectly conducting

2 2

infinite ground plane. The radiation pattern in the plane of the dipole (E plane) looks approximately as





Q.70 A right circularly polarized (RCP) plane wave is incident at an angle of 60° to the normal, on an air-dielectric interface. If the reflected wave is linearly polarized, the relative dielectric con5tant&,..2 is


linearly polarized

(A) ..fi

(B) Jj

(C) 2

(D) 3

EC 17/28

Common Data Questions

Common Data for Questions 71.72,73:

The figure shows the high-frequency capacitance-voltage (C- V) characteristics of a MetallSi02/silicon (MOS) capacitor having an area of 1 x 1 0-4 cm2• Assume that the permittivities (EOEr) of silicon and SiOl are lxlO-1l F/cm and 3.5xIO-13 F/em respectively.



'0.71 The gate oxide thickness in the MOS capacitor is

(A) 50 nm

(C) 350 nm

(D) 1 um

(8) 143 om

Q.72 The maximum depletion layer width in silicon is

(A) 0.143 urn

(8) 0.857 urn

(C) lprn

(D) ] .1.43 urn

Q.73 Consider the following statements about the C-V characteristics plot:

S 1: The MOS capacitor has an n-type substrate.

S2: If positive charges are introduced in the oxide, the C- V plot will shift to the left. Then which of the following is true?

(A) Both Sl and S2 are true (C) S I is false and S2 is true

(8) SI is true and S2 is false (D) Both S 1 and S2 are false

EC 18/28

Common Data for Questions 74t 75:

Two 4-ary signal constellations are shown. It is given that ¢. and ¢z constitute an orthonormal

basis for the two constellations. Assume that the four symbols in both the constellations ere

equiprobable. Let No denote the power spectral density of white Gaussian noise.


, ,

, ,

" ,

'.' -.fia



-__.f--' --+::0,----'-.-- 411

... r a

-QI ....... ;"



, .




, '

--. .... , ----+---,-'·0-- 1\11

-2,[20",_, -n» .'

, , ,

Constellation I

Constellation 2

Q.74 The ratio of the average energy of Constellation I to the average energy of Constellation 2 lS

(8) 4

(C) 2

(D) 8

Q.75 lf these constellations are used for digital communications over an A WGN channel, then which of the following statements is true?

(A) Probability of symbol error for Constellation 1 is lower (8) Probability of symbol error for Constellation 1 is higher

(C) Probability of symbol error is equal for both the constellations

(D) The value of No will determine which of the two constellations has a lower

probability of symbol error

sc J9/28

Linked Answer Questions! Q.76 to Q.85 carry two marks each.

Statement Cor Linked Answer Questions 76 & 77:

Consider the Op-Arnp circuit shown in the figure.

0.76 The transfer function Vo(s)IV,(s) is

(A) l-sRC l+sRC

C) 1

( l-sRC

(B) 1 +sRC l-sRC

(D) I+:RC

Q.77 ]f V; "" V; sin ({Ut) and V;, "" V2 sin (oJ{ + ¢), then the minimum and maximum values of ¢ (in radians) are respectively

(A) -71/2 and 8/2 (C) -Ii and 0

(B) 0 and trl2 (D) -71 12 and 0

Statement for Linked Answer Questions 78 & 79:

An 8085 assembly language program is given below.

Line 1: MYI A,BSH 2: MVI B,OEH 3: XRI 69H




7: STA 3010H 8: HLT

Q.78 The contents of the accumulator just after execution of the ADD instruction in line 4 will be

(A) C3H

(D) 69H



Q.79 After execution of line 7 ofthe program, the status of the CY and Z flags will be

(A) CY = 0, Z = 0 (C) Cy = 1, Z = 0

(B) CY = 0, Z = 1 (D) CY=l,Z=l

EC 20128

Statement for Linked Answer Questions 80 & 81:

Consider a linear system whose state space representation is x(t) == Ax(l). If the initial state

vector of the system is xeO) = [ 1], then the system response is x(1) == [ e-2/J

~ ~e~

If the initial state vector of the system changes to xeD) = [ _:] , then ~he system response

becomes x(t) = [ _:~: J.

Q.80 The eigenvalue and eigenvector pairs (4, , VI) for the system are

(A) ( -I, [_:]) and (-2, [_~]) (C) (-1. [_~]) and (2, [_~])

(B) (-2, [_:]) and (-1. [_ ~ ]) (D) (-2l:]) and H -~]J

Q.81 The system matrix A is

(A) [_~ ~]

(C) [2 1]

-1 -1

Statement for Linked Answer Questions 82 & 83:

An input to a 6-level quantizer has the probability density function f(x) as shown in the

figure. Decision boundaries of the quantizer are chosen so as to maximize the entropy of the quantizer output. It is given that 3 consecutive decision boundaries are '-1'. '0' and' 1'.


'-----....,-- b


-1 0 1


Q.82 The values of a and bare

CA) a = 1/6 and b = 11 I 2 (C) a = 114 and b::;:o1 /] 6

(B) a=I/S andb=3/40 (D) a = 1/3 and b == 1124

Q.83 Assuming that the reconstruction levels of the quantizer arc the mid-points of the decision boundaries, the ratio of signal power to quantization noise power is

(A} 152 9

(S) 64 3

(C) 76 3

(D) 28

EC 21/28

Statement (or .Linked A.nswer Questions 84 & 85:

In the Digital-to-Analog converter circuit shown in the figure below, VR = 10 V and R =]0 kn.

0.84 The current i is

(A) 31.25 JlA

(B) 62.5 j.lA

(C) 125 j.lA

(D) 250 j.lA

0.85 The voltage V" is

(A) -0.781 V

(B) -1.562 V

(C) -3.125V

(0) -6.2S0V


EC 22/28

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