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Forwarder, Shipper, Carrier

Consignee, Notify Party

Freight Forwarder
 a person or corporation who arranges transport of goods on behalf
of either the seller or buyer. In many cases the freight forwarder will
also consolidate several small shipments into one larger one to take
advantage of better freight rates. In most cases the freight
forwarder will assume the legal liabilities of acting as a carrier
 a person or company who is usually the supplier or owner of
commodities shipped. Also called Consignor.
 a person or company that transports goods or people for any
person or company and that is responsible for any possible loss of
the goods during transport.
 the party shown on the bill of lading or air waybill to whom the
shipment is consigned. Need not always be the buyer, and in some
countries will be the buyer's bank. See also Bill of Lading - Order B/L
and Notify Party.
Notify Party

 the person or company to be advised by the carrier upon arrival of
the goods at the destination port.

 The price or compensation paid for the transportation of goods by a carri
er. Freight is also applied to the goods transported by such carriers.
 A party (usually a buyer) named by the consignor (usually a seller) in
transportation documents as the party to whose order a consignment will
be delivered at the port of destination. The consignee is considered to be
the owner of the consignment for the purpose of filing the customs
declaration, and for paying duties and taxes. Formal ownership of the
consignment, however, transfers to the consignee only upon payment of
the seller's invoice in full.

but has markings that indicate freight origin and destination. These warehouses are used for storing goods under bond until duties are paid. consignee. AIR BILL (AIR WAYBILL) An Air Bill (Air Waybill) is the document for an air carrier that provides information about the freight.FREIGHT TERMS http://pnglc. shipper. shipper. liftgate ACESSORIAL CHARGES Accessorial charges are for services that are in addition to typical transportation services such as: inside delivery. BILL OF LADING The Bill of Lading (BOL) is the contract between the shipper and the carrier. weight. ASTRAY FREIGHT Astray freight is freight that is separate from the waybill. and other similar services. consignee. An air bill is essentially an LTL freight bill. freight charges. . This transportation contract identifies the freight. ARRIVAL NOTICE An arrival notice is the notice that the consignee receives when their freight has arrived at its destination. and the party responsible for freight charges. See also Delivery Receipt. BONDED WAREHOUSE A bonded warehouse is a warehouse that is approved by the Treasury Department. and the terms of the agreement. a residential delivery. but for an air carrier.

A C.D. (b) A claim is filed to request a carrier for refund of an overcharge.O. and value of the freight. The NMFC board . size. See Overcharge.D. request will be stated on the bill of lading and will state accepted forms of payment (company check or cashier’s check). CLAIM (a) A claim is filed to request payment from a carrier due to loss or damage alleged to have occurred while they possessed the shipment. CLASSIFICATION Classification is used to assign rates to shipments. CARTAGE Cartage consists of hauling freight between locations in the same town. or continuous municipalities. This request is for the carrier to pick up a check upon delivery that is payment for the goods being delivered. city. (CASH ON DELIVERY) C.O. CARRIER A carrier can be an individual. is a request to the carrier from the shipper.BREAK BULK Breaking bulk consists of breaking down a load from one shipper that is being sent to multiple consignees. BREAK BULK POINT A break bulk point is the terminal or location that break bulk takes place.O. or corporation that is in the business of transporting goods. C.D. They are based on density. partnership.

known as the shipper. In regards to freight. CONTAINER A container is anything that items are packed in. CONSIGNEE The consignee is the individual or business that receives the freight being shipped.has created a guide that is universally accepted by all major LTL freight carriers. CORRECTED BILL OF LADING (CBL) A corrected bill of lading (CBL) is a documented that the shipper would issue to amend the original bill of lading (BOL). COLLECT TERMS Collect terms state that the consignee is responsible for the freight charges. . CONSIGNOR The consignor is the person or business that originates the shipment. Also. a contract states specifics of the freight shipment process. CONCEALED DAMAGE Concealed damage consists of damage to the contents of a package without the damage being apparent externally. Correct classification is crucial to receiving accurate freight quotes. CONTRACT A contract is a legal document between parties.

. DENSITY (DPCF) Density is the measurement of the volume of a shipment. DPCF Equals [Weight/(LXWXH/1728)] DETENTION Detention is the time that a driver is made to wait before loading/unloading at a customer’s facility. DELIVERY RECEIPT (DR) A delivery receipt (DR) is a document that is used when a shipment is delivered. Density is measured in pounds/cubic foot. This time may cause an increase in cost for the shipment. The calculation for density is equal to the weight of the product divided by (length x width x height / 1728). DEMURRAGE Demurrage is the detention of a container or freight vehicle beyond the estimated timeframe.CREDIT APPLICATION A credit application is used to verify customer information in regards to credit worthiness. and is also known as a Proof of Delivery. DEDICATED CHARGE A dedicated charge is when a company commits specific equipment to a customer for their use only. Dedicated charges can include runs or deliveries outside of the typical system. DEFICIT WEIGHT Deficit weight is weight added to a bill so that the shipment will cost less due to the rate reduction for higher weights. The consignee signs this document to confirm delivery.

. The dock receipt is surrendered to the transportation line and a bill of lading is issued when delivery of shipment is completed. or trucks.DIRECT POINT A direct point is a zip code that receives service by the contracted carriers own equipment and driver. drays. DRAYAGE Drayage is a charge that occurs when freight is hauled on carts. DOUBLES Doubles are tractors with a set of two trailers connected to them. DOCK WORKER A dock worker is a person who maintains dock spaces by transferring freight from one container to another. See also Indirect Point. DIVERSION A diversion is a route change made to a shipment in transit. DOLLY A dolly is a piece of equipment that has two wheels and is used to attach a trailer to another trailer to make sets. DISPATCHING Dispatching is the process of scheduling and managing intra-city traffic (line haul) and intercity pickup and delivery (P&D). DOCK RECEIPT A dock receipt is given when a shipment is received or delivered at a pier or a dock.

A feeder line service is typically 25 to 35 miles long.DRIVER COLLECT Driver collect is a term that relates to freight charges. FREE ON BOARD (FOB) DESTINATION Free on board (FOB) destination means that the title changes hands at the consignee location upon receipt so the freight charges are prepaid. FREE ASTRAY A free astray is a shipment that was unloaded at or miscarried to the wrong terminal and is then billed and forwarded to the correct terminal for free. It means that the driver collects the freight charges from the consignee at the time of delivery. DROPPED COD A dropped COD occurs when a driver does not pick up a COD check at the time of delivery. FEEDER LINE SERVICE Feeder line service consists of short transportation lines that go from a truck line to nearby areas in order to collect and distribute freight. EXCEPTIONS Exceptions are discrepancies taken note of at the time of interchange or delivery and are related to the physical characteristics or number of pieces of the freight. . FLATBED A flatbed is a semi-trailer that has no sides.

and the terms of the shipment. FREIGHT FORWARDER A freight forwarder is a company that consolidates freight for shippers. FREIGHT BILL A freight bill is a common carrier shipment document.FREE ON BOARD (FOB) DOCK Free on board (FOB) dock means that the title changes hands at the shippers dock so the freight charges are collect. See also Bill of Lading. the rates. FREE TIME Free time is the amount of time that freight is held before storage charges begin accruing. FREIGHT CHARGE The freight charge is the amount that is due for freight transportation. amount of charges. and forwards on lower rates to customers due to a higher volume of shipments than individual shippers obtain. (b) Gross weight is the weight of a truck including its contents. The freight bill describes the freight. See also Yard Dog. . manages shipments through LTL carriers. GROSS WEIGHT (a) Gross weight is the weight of the freight including the packaging. HAUSTLER A haustler is equipment used to move trailers around a terminal facility.

INLAND CARRIER An inland carrier is a transportation line that carries import or export traffic between ports and inland areas. They typically agree to bill or pay other . Bonding guarantees that the duty will be paid. IMAGING Imaging is a system that is used to store digital images of documents. INTERLINE An interline is a transportation company that performs one part of the freight transaction. INLAND TARIFF BUREAU The Inland Tariff Bureau is an organization that publishes tariffs and manages updates while ensuring that the public has access to the documents. INTERCHANGE POINTS Interchange points are where freight is interchanged between two transportation lines. The interchange point zip code typically determines the split of the revenue.HOOPIE A hoopie is a tractor and a trailer that are on the same frame and do not disconnect. A hoopie is usually used for deliveries in downtown city spaces. IN BOND Goods on which a duty or tax is due are “in bond” when placed in the custody of a government or bonded warehouse or are moving by bonded carrier.

An intermediate carrier does not originate or deliver the shipment.carriers for the other parts of the freight transaction so that their customer only receives one bill. LESS THAN TRUCKLOAD (LTL) Less than truckload (LTL) is an amount of freight that is less than what is required for the application of truckload rates. . LIFT GATE A lift gate attaches to the back of a trailer that can be raised and lowered between the ground and the trailer deck. LIEN A legal claim upon goods for the satisfaction of a debt or duty. INTERMEDIATE CARRIER An intermediate carrier is a transportation line that hauls a shipment between two transportation systems. INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION The Interstate Commerce Commission is the federal organization that is responsible for enforcing acts of Congress relating to interstate commerce. There is typically an accessorial charge for lift gate service. INTERLINE FREIGHT Interline freight moves over the lines of two or more transportation companies from point of origin to destination. LTL freight shipping is the easiest and most economical way to move large and bulky items.

MINIMUM RATE The minimum rate is the lowest contracted rate that might be charged. MASTER BILL The master bill consolidates multiple BOLs that are going to the same consignee at the same time. Instead a line driver moves freight between terminals. . container. or ship. LINE HAUL A line haul consists of equipment and people who work together to move freight from one terminal to another. MARKS Marks are made up of letters. MANIFEST The manifest is a document that describes the shipment or the contents of a vehicle. numbers. NESTED Items are nested when they are packed one within another. MAXIMUM RATE The maximum rate is the highest contracted rate that might be charged. This is done to receive a lower rate because of a higher total weight.LINE DRIVER A line driver is a driver that does not typically pick up or deliver shipments. and characters and are put on packages for identification.

The origin carrier also receives the bill of lading. PUP RATE A rate to move a full 28 foot trailer. Damaged means that there is damage to the freight. and damaged (OS&D) are discrepancies between the bill of lading and the freight on hand.ORIGIN CARRIER The origin carrier is the carrier that picks up the freight from the shipper. SHORT AND DAMAGED (OS&D) Overage. or interchange. pickup. Overage is when freight on hand is not shown on the BOL. Short is when freight shown on the BOL is not on hand. short. P&D DRIVER A P&D driver is the driver that picks up the shipment or delivers to the consignee. ORIGIN TERMINAL The origin terminal is the terminal that picks up the freight from the shipper. OVER THE ROAD (OTR) Over the road (OTR) means that the freight is between terminals or within the line haul system. the rate can be determined by a spot rate . Most of these discrepancies are noted at delivery. OVERAGE. The origin terminal also receives the bill of lading. OVERCHARGE Overcharge occurs when the charge is more than the amount that was contracted.

. A company that its purpose is to audit and pay freight bills for other companies. PAYMENT FACILITY A payment facility audits and pays freight bills for other companies. PERISHABLE FREIGHT Perishable freight is freight subject to decay or deterioration. PALLET DECK A pallet deck is a metal support that enables two pallets of freight to be stacked on top of each other in a trailer. Pallet decks are usually used in line haul movements.PACKING LIST A packing list is a detailed list of packed materials. POINT OF ORIGIN The point of origin is the zip code of the shipper’s location. PORT OF ENTRY (a) A port of entry is a government designated port where foreign goods are evaluated before being admitted into a country. PALLET (ALSO KNOWN AS SKID) A pallet is a platform that is portable and holds materials for storage or transportation. (b) Ports of entry are border stations managed by some states in order to check truck compliance. PNGLC cannot help you ship perishable freight.

The release value relates to classification and freight rates. The consignee signs this document to confirm delivery. See also Tariff. PRO NUMBER Pro number is a sequential numbering system that is used to identify freight bills.<="" strong=""> RATE The rate is the cost of transporting freight. PROOF OF DELIVERY (POD) Proof of Delivery (POD) is a document that is used when a shipment is delivered. RETURN AUTHORIZATION (RA) A return authorization (RA) is the document sent out by the original shipper that authorizes the freight to be returned. low rate that occurs when the carrier’s liability is limited to an agreed amount for the shipment.PREPAID TERMS Prepaid terms mean that the shipper or a Third Party is responsible for the freight charges. RELEASE RATE A release rate is a special. RATE BASE Rate base is a published set of rates. . RELEASE VALUE The release value is the value of the goods that is set by the shipper as the carrier’s limit of liability. A Pro number is like your shipments social security number and is unique to each particular shipment.

. If the carrier delivers the freight on terms. SCAC SCAC stands for Standard Carrier Alpha Code. SECTION 7 Section 7 is the area on the BOL that allows the shipper to assign a shipment as collect without recourse if signed. without receiving payment first. SEAL A seal is used to make sure that a trailer is not opened during transit. (b) A route is the delivery plan laid out for a P&D driver by dispatch. The Department of Transportation give this code to each freight carrier to uniquely identify them.ROUTE (a) A route is the course or direction of the shipment. SAFETY RATING A safety rating measures the safety of a company. it is at the carrier’s own risk and the carrier has no recourse to the shipper if payment is not received from the consignee or third party assigned on the bill of lading. SERVICE RATING The service rating measures the amount of on time deliveries. A safety rating is based on how many miles have been driven between accidents.

The shipper is then also responsible for the condition of the shipment in transit.SHIPPER The shipper is the person or business who originates the shipment. SHORTAGE Shortage is when the amount of freight delivered is less than the amount of freight received at pickup. STATEMENT A statement is a list of one or more bills. . SINGLE A single consists of one power unit pulling one trailer. The shipping order is typically a copy of the bill of lading. See also Consignor. SHIPPER’S LOAD AND COUNT Shipper’s load and count occurs when the shipper loads the shipment and verifies the quantity. SPLIT PICKUP OR DELIVERY Split pickup or delivery is an accessorial service where portions of volume shipments are picked up or delivered at more than one place. STORE DOOR DELIVERY Store door delivery is when goods are shipped to the consignee’s place of business. SHIPPING ORDER The shipping order consists of instructions to a carrier regarding the transportation of a shipment.

TERMINAL A terminal is a building that handles and stores freight temporarily as it is transferred between trucks. Single axle tractors are typically used for pickup and delivery while double axel tractors are typically used for line haul moves. (b) Tare weight is the weight of the tractor and trailer without its contents. TARIFF A tariff is a schedule of transportation rates and rules. TRACTOR A tractor is the power unit that pulls trailers. TARE WEIGHT (a) Tare weight is the weight of the packaging materials. . delivery. THIRD PARTY BILLING Third party billing is a scenario where neither the shipper nor the consignee is responsible for paying the freight charges – instead there is a third party who is responsible for the charges. and line haul operation within a company. TERMS Terms state who is responsible for paying the freight charges. There are single axle tractors and double axel tractors.SYSTEM System is a term that describes the whole pick up.

YARD DOG A yard dog is a piece of equipment that is used to move trailers around a terminal facility. (b) Truckload (TL) is the legal maximum weight for a particular type of trailer. . WAY BILL A way bill is a description of goods shipped in a common carrier freight shipment. TRUCKLOAD (TL) (a) Truckload (TL) is the amount of weight that will fill a trailer. See also Haustler. TRIPLES Triples refer to one tractor pulling three trailers. (c) Truckload (TL) is the amount of weight that will qualify for a truckload rate.TRAILER A trailer is the equipment that is used to house goods during transit. WAREHOUSING Warehousing is the storage of goods.