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DELTA ESI48I SERIES

DC-AC INVERTER

Installation Instruction Manual

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC.

DC-AC Inverter

Table of Contents
1.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ......................................................................... 1


1-1 SAFETY STATEMENTS ......................................................................................................... 1
1-2 OTHER SAFETY NOTES ........................................................................................................ 1
1-3 SYMBOL ............................................................................................................................. 2

2.

INTRODUCTION AND INSTALLATION......................................................................... 3


2-1 SYSTEM .............................................................................................................................. 3
2-2 BLOCK DIAGRAM ............................................................................................................... 4
2-3 FRONT PANEL .................................................................................................................... 5
2-4 REAR PANEL ...................................................................................................................... 6
* USHA INTERNAL HARDWARE INSTALLATION GUIDE.............................................................. 7
2-5 ACCESSORIES ................................................................................................................... 10

3.

OPERATION ........................................................................................................................ 12
3-1 CONNECTING TO THE INPUT POWER.................................................................................. 12
3-2 CONNECTING THE LOADS ................................................................................................. 12
3-3 FRONT PANEL OPERATION OF SYSTEM IS CONDUCTS USING THE FOLLOWING SEQUENCE OF
OPERATION .....................................................................................................................

12
3-4 DATA BUTTON ............................................................................................................ 13
3-5 STATUS KEY ............................................................................................................... 14
3-6 ERROR MESSAGE .............................................................................................................. 16
4.

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE ........................................................................ 17


4-1 DELIVERY ........................................................................................................................ 17
4-2 INSTALLATION PROCEDURES ........................................................................................... 17
4-3 MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................. 17

5.

TROUBLESHOOTING....................................................................................................... 18

6.

COMMUNICATION ........................................................................................................... 19
6-1 RS-232 COMMUNICATION PORT ...................................................................................... 19
6-2 DRY CONTACT COMMUNICATION PORT ............................................................................ 19

7.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................................... 20

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User Manual

DC-AC Inverter

1. IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS


1-1 Safety statements
- SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS - This manual contains important instructions for our inverter that should
be followed during installation and maintenance of the inverter.

To reduce the risk of electric shock, install this inverter in a temperature and humidity controlled indoor
area free of conductive contaminants. Ambient temperature must not exceed 50oC (122oF).

The AC output of the inverter need a disconnect switch such as a breaker which has to be provided by
others.

The over-current protection for the output AC circuit has to be provided by others. All of our inverter has an
electronic protection of AC output short circuit.

The following precautions should be observed when working on inverter:

Remove watches, rings, or other metal objects.

Use tools with insulated handles.

Wear rubber gloves and boots.

The AC input of the inverter needs a readily accessible disconnected device and shall be incorporated in the
building installation wiring.

Short circuit backup protection is relies on 16A building installation device.

1-2 Other safety notes


- Examine the packing container for damage. Notify the carrier immediately if damage is present.
- Do not disassemble the inverter.
- Do not operate near water or excessive humidity.
- Keep liquid and foreign objects from getting inside the inverter.
- Install inverter in a well-ventilated area. Do not block air vents in front of inverter or air exhausts in the
back.

Do not operate close to gas or fire.


Do not plug appliances, such as half bridge rectified load, into the inverter receptacles.
Do not operate if the unit is leaking liquid or if a white powdery residue is present.
Elevated operating ambient temperature: If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the operating
ambient temperature of the rack environment may be greater than room ambient. Therefore, consideration
should be given to installing the equipment in an environment compatible with the manufacturers
maximum rated ambient temperature.

Reduced air flow: Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such that the amount of air flow required
for safe operation of the equipment is not compromised.

Mechanical loading: Mounting of the equipment in the rack should be such that a hazardous condition is not
achieved due to uneven mechanical loading.

Circuit overloading: Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit
and the effect that overloading of circuits might have on over-current protection and supply wiring.
Appropriate consideration of equipment nameplate ratings should be used when addressing this concern.

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-

Reliable earthing: Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment should be maintained. Particular attention
should be given to supply connection other than direct connections to the branch circuit.

Connect the equipment to a 48Vdc SELV source.

1-3 Symbol
PROTECTIVE GROUNDING TERMINAL: A terminal, which must be connected to earth ground
prior to making any other connection to the equipment.

This symbol indicates the word "phase".

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2. INTRODUCTION AND INSTALLATION


2-1 System
ESI (Energy Saving Inverter) series inverter is an extremely reliable DC-AC inverter system, which utilizes
the most advanced power electronics and microprocessor technology to achieve the following features:
Self-Diagnosis
The ESI series inverter is equipped with a microprocessor that can perform self- diagnosis to get a highly
reliable operation. With the microprocessor, the inverter is able to identify any failure and show this failure
message on the LED/LCD display with visual/audio alarm once a failure is encountered.
High Frequency Architecture
With the high frequency architecture design, the ESI series inverter has outstanding characteristics such as
high efficiency, light weight and compact outlook. The high efficiency feature means less energy waste when
power conversion from DC to AC. The light weight and compact outlook benefits easy installation.
Modular Design
All ESI inverters use modular design structure. The outstanding feature makes the inverter to be easily
maintained and have high MTBF time.
High Efficiency
The ESI series inverter uses advanced soft-switching techniques to increase operating efficiency and reduce
switching noise.
Perfect Protection
Including following protection:


Input reverse polarity-proof protection.

Internal over temperature protection.

Output overload protection.

Output over/under voltage protection.

Output electronic protection for short circuit.

DC input short circuit protection: fuse and breaker.

AC input short circuit protection: breaker.

Input over/under voltage protection.

Fan failure detection and protection.

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2-2 Block Diagram
AC BYPASS
INPUT

FILTER
BYPASS RELAY

DC to DC Converter

DC to AC Inverter

DC

AC

DC INPUT

FILTER
DC

DC

INVERTER RELAY

AC
OUTPUT

BREAKER

ESI INVERTER block diagram


Different to the traditional design concept of using low frequency transformer and bipolar transistor, ESI
inverter adopts IGBT. The new design concept does not only minimize the weight and dimension but also enhance
output short circuit reliability and overload capacity.
There are two paths that can supply output voltage. One is from bypass AC input, another is from DC to AC
inverter. So there are two operational modes can be chosen (by the front panel). The operational mode decides the
default output path.
The first one is Off-line Mode, output will come from AC bypass path during the normal condition. System
will transfer output to DC/AC inverter path if any AC input abnormal is detected. When AC is recovery, system will
come back to bypass path automatically. During operating under this mode, the efficiency is very high, but the output
waveform is totally decided by AC input.
The other one is On-line Mode, output will come from DC/AC inverter path during the normal condition.
System will transfer output to bypass path if DC/AC inverter fail or input abnormal is detected. When DC/AC
inverter output becomes normal, system will come back to DC/AC inverter path automatically.
The Off-line/On-line mode is changed from one to another by pressing ON button when output is available.
The operational mode cannot be changed when any abnormal or fault condition is detected.

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2-3 Front Panel

ON/OFF buttons:
Power switch for turning on or turning off the inverter.
Once inverter has been turned on, the ON button works as an On-Line <=> Off-Line mode switching
button.

LED Display:
INVERTER ON
OVERLOAD
DC ABNORMAL
FAULT

Indicates the INVERTER has been turned on and works normally (output is available).
Means that the inverter is overload or output short circuit.
Means that the input DC voltage is abnormal
:

Indicates that there are some faults happened to the inverter.

LCD Display selection button


Different information (output voltage, output frequency, load, input dc voltage, bypass ac voltage, bypass
ac frequency, etc.) and system status can be sequentially showed on LCD display by pressing these two buttons.
Please refer to chapter 3 for more information.

Ventilator
The ventilator on front panel is used for draining the hot air inside the inverter. Please keep enough space
in front of the ventilator for getting better cooling.

Circuit Breaker (DC Breaker)


The breaker will trip when short circuit happened in the inside of inverter. Input reverse polarity-proof
protection and overload protection is implemented by electronic circuit, the DC breaker will not trip under these
conditions.

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2-4 Rear Panel

Communication Interface
ESI-Inverter has two different communication interfaces

a)

RS-232 interface.

b)

Dry Contact interface.


FAN

DC fans used for cooling the inverter.

AC output receptacles
IEC-320 4

AC input terminal
Terminal for 208V/220V/230V/240V AC input voltage.

AC input breaker
Breaker for AC input

DC input terminal
Terminal for 48V DC input voltage

Dry contact terminal


When input DC voltage and AC voltage are abnormal, internal relay will act.
The terminal can carry 5A / 250Vac

Optional card slot *


An optional adapter SNMP card can equip in this slot.

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* USHA Internal Hardware Installation Guide
USHA Smart:
Fully insert USHA adapter into the slot provided by inverter.
A. Adding and configuring TCP/IP in client workstation
Step
1. Click Start -> Settings-> Control Panel-> Network
Make sure that you have a TCP/IP network already installed. If it already installed,
go to Step 3
Click on the Add button if TCP/IP network is not present

2.

3.

Select Protocol
Click Add .
Select Microsoft
Select TCP/IP protocol
Click OK

On the Network Menu, double click TCP/IP


Select Specific an IP address
Enter an unique IP address for USHA and the correct Subnet Mask
Click OK

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B. Configuring USHA via Serial Port


1. In Win98/2000/XP Click Start -> Programs -> Accessories -> Hyper terminal
2. Double click Hypertrm.exe
3.

Enter a name & press OK

4.
5.

Select the correct COM port


Click OK

6.
7.

Configuring the Port Settings as shown (9600,8,None,1,None)


Click OK

8. Set DIP switch on USHA to SW1=OFF SW2=OFF


9. Insert USHA/Smart to the Inverter.
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10.
11.

Enter the default password admin at the prompt


Enter 1 and Return twice to enter the System Group Menu

12. The factory default settings are as shown


13. Assign an IP address for USHA, and the correct Subnet Mask
Note: both PC and USHAs IP address must be in the same IP net
14. Enter 0 and Return twice to back to the main menu

15. Enter 2 to go to the Inverter Parameters Menu


16. Enter 1 to go to the Inverter Information Group Menu
17. Enter correct Inverter manufacture, model name and Inverter Identification name
18. Enter 0 and back to the previous menu

19.
20.

Enter 2 to the Inverter Rating Group Menu


Enter correct Rating voltage, Rating Current, Battery Voltage and Battery
Replace Date
21. Enter 0 and return three times to exit

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C. Configuring USHA via Telnet
1. Make sure that you have a TCP/IP network already installed
2. USHA will initially try to acquire an IP address from the DHCP network service, if
exist, on the network
Note: You can run the "upgrade.exe" program provided by the USHA CD-ROM
to display USHA's current IP address
3. If DHCP network service is not available, enter the following command at the DOS
prompt:
route add 172.17.XXX.ZZZ <Workstations IP address>
Note: the default IP address of USHA is 172.17.XXX.ZZZ where XXX and ZZZ is
the last two pairs of the MAC address of USHA in decimal. MAC address can be
found on the back of USHA/Smart (e.g. 00E0XXXXXXXX)
4. Enter TELNET <USHAs IP address> at the DOS prompt
5. TELNET is using the same interface as Serial Port configuration

Start your Web Browser, enter the USHAs IP address in the Address text box, and press return
to display the Home page. USHA is now installed on your network.

2-5 Accessories
1.

Mounting ear * 2 pairs; one pair for 19 and the other pair for 23/25.

2.

M4 screw for mounting ear * 12 pieces.

3.

RS-232 cable * 1 piece.


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4.

Cover for AC input terminal * 1 set (cover * 1, bracket * 1, UNC #6-32 screw * 4)

5.

Installation instruction manual * 1

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3. OPERATION
3-1 Connecting to the input power

Turning off the DC breaker before connecting the DC voltage to the input terminal. Sparks will burst if
the breaker is on when connecting the input DC voltage. This is normal condition due to the charging
current drawing from DC voltage charges the internal capacitor of inverter.
Be sure to turn on the breaker on the front panel after connecting the input DC power to input terminal

of

inverter.

3-2 Connecting the loads

Calculate the total power consumption (VA) of the output load. Make sure that the total power consumption
does not exceed the rated load.

Remove some uncritical loads if the total loads exceed the capacity of inverter.

3-3 Front panel operation of system is conducts using the following sequence
of operation
1. Make sure that installation has been carried out correctly. When the breaker is turned on or the utility input is
available, the LCD of the inverter displays the following message

SYSTEM IS AT
ON-LINE MODE

SYSTEM IS AT
OFF-LINE MODE
2. Press the ON button (and release in 1~10 seconds) to start the system power. (if you press the on key less
than 1 seconds or more than 10 seconds , CPU will not enable to prevent miss-pressing). The inverter is in
normal condition when the following message appears on the LCD screen:

INVERTER : ON
BYPASS
: STD BY

INVERTER : STD BY
BYPASS
: ON

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3-4 DATA button
You can use the "DATA" button to select the information you would like to know. The left function key
display the following information:
A)

Output voltage: Shows present output voltage


OUTPUT

. V

***
B)

VOLT.
***

Inverter voltage: Shows present inverter voltage


INVERTER VOLT.

. V

***
C)

***

Output frequency : Shows present output frequency.


OUTPUT FREQ.

***
D)

Hz

***

Bypass AC voltage: Shows present input bypass AC voltage


BYPASS AC VOLT

. V

***
E)

Bypass AC frequency: Shows present input bypass AC frequency


BYPASS

AC

FREQ

. Hz

***
F)

***

***

Input DC voltage: Shows the input DC voltage


INPUT DC VOLTAGE

. V

***
G)

Output current: Shows present output current


OUTPUT
***

H)

CURRENT

***

VA
VA ***

Output power: Shows present output power (Watt)


OUTPUT
***

J)

A ***

Output VA: Shows present output Volt-Amp


OUTPUT

I)

***

POWER

W ***

Temperature: Shows the temperature inside the INVERTER


TEMPERATURE
***

C ***
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K)

Firmware Version: Shows the CPU firmware version


FIRMWARE VERSION
***

***

3-5 STATUS key


The "select" button can show the system status. These information include:
A) Output status:
a) When the input bypass voltage is normal and INVERTER output voltage (208V/220V/230V/240V) is
from DC to AC inverter, LCD shows
INVERTER : ON
BYPASS

: STD BY

b) When output is from input bypass AC, LCD shows


INVERTER : STD BY
BYPASS
c)

: ON

When INVERTER is turned off by firmware, LCD shows


**

OUTPUT

OUTPUT

**

OFF

d) When INVERTER is turned off by software, LCD shows


**

OUTPUT

**

SCHEDULE OFF
B) DC to AC inverter status

a) When INVERTER is normal, LCD shows


**

INVERTER

**

NORMAL
b) When inverter is over temperature (may be caused by overload, high ambient temperature or fan failure),
LCD shows
**

INVERTER

**

OVER TEMPERATURE
c) When the temperature inside the INVERTER is too high, LCD shows
**

AMBINT

**

OVER TEMPERATURE
d) When the INVERTER output is short circuit, LCD shows
**

INVERTER

**

SHORT CIRCUIT

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e) When the INVERTER output is overload, LCD shows
**

INVERTER

**

OVERLOAD
f) When the fan is block or wear out, LCD shows
**

INVERTER
FAN

**

FAILURE

g) When INVERTER voltage is too high, LCD shows


**

INVERTER

**

OVER VOLTAGE
h) When INVERTER voltage is low, LCD shows
**

INVERTER

**

UNDER VOLTAGE

C) Bypass AC status
a) When the input bypass voltage is normal, LCD shows
**

BYPASS AC

**

NORMAL
b) When the input bypass voltage is normal and INVERTER output is from bypass voltage, LCD shows
INVERTER : STD BY
BYPASS

: ON

c) When the input bypass voltage is too low, LCD shows


**

BYPASS AC

**

UNDER VOLTAGE
d) When the input bypass voltage is too high, LCD shows
**

BYPASS AC

**

OVER VOLTAGE
e) When the input bypass is over normal frequency range, LCD shows
**

BYPASS AC

**

OUT OF FREQ.
f) When the output is overload, LCD shows
**

BYPASS AC

**

OVER LOAD

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D) Input DC status
a) When the input DC voltage is normal 42V ~59V, LCD shows
**

INPUT DC

**

NORMAL
b) When the input DC voltage is under 42V, LCD shows
**

INPUT
LOW

DC

**

VOLTAGE

c) When the input DC voltage is over 59V, LCD shows


**

INPUT
HIGH

DC

**

VOLTAGE

d) When the input DC voltage is under 40V,INVERTER will switch to bypass mode (if bypass AC
available) and LCD shows
DC

UNDER

INVERTER

VOLT
OFF

e) When the input DC voltage is over 60V, INVERTER will switch to bypass mode (if bypass AC
available) and LCD shows
DC

OVER

VOLT

INVERTER

OFF

3-6 Error message


If some message be showed on LCD, contact your local dealer at once.

**

INVERTER

SOFTSTART

**
FAIL

EEPROM
NOT AVAILABLE

EEPROM
checksum

error

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4. INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE


4-1 Delivery
Upon received of goods, check the condition of the package. If package or unit is damaged, contact your
dealer immediately .If there is any visible sign of mishandling or anything missing, contact your local dealer at
once.

4-2 Installation Procedures

Please check the input DC voltage meets the specification of the inverter and notice the polarity of the DC
voltage as connecting the DC voltage with inverter DC input terminal.

Connect the DC input voltage before turn on the breaker on the front panel.

Using the following cables when connecting power source to the inverter.

Model

DC Input

AC Input

1KVA

ESI48I102AB B

#10AWG

#16AWG

2KVA

ESI48I202AB A

#6AWG

#14AWG

4-3 Maintenance


Make sure that the ventilators on the inverter are not blocked.

Use a vacuum cleaner to get rid of any dust that may rest on the opening of the fan.

When cleaning the case or front panel, only use a soft, dry cloth. If the case or front panel is very dirty,
use a neutral, non-abrasive detergent. Do not use alcohol or ammonia based solutions.

Ask qualified service engineer to check the entire system periodically. Such when
inverter, always handle it with care.

Avoid spilling liquid on the Inverter.

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5. TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem

Possible cause

LED do not light up

FAULT LED lights up

OVERLOAD LED is ON

The circuit breaker is off

Turn on or reset the circuit


breaker.

Internal fuse was blown.

Call for service personnel to


replace the fuse.

DC input is over or under voltage.

Apply correct DC voltage.

Bypass AC fail

AC voltage , frequency may be


out of range.

Inverter failure.

Call for service.

Output was short.

Load may be abnormal

The power drawn from the inverter


exceeded the load
rating of the Remove unnecessary load.
inverter.
Incorrect transmission rate.

Use 2400 bps baud rate and


re-test.

Wrong wire connection.

Refer to the wire connection in


chapter 6.

Communication fault.

FAULTLED lights,
OVERTEMPRATUR

Action to take

LCD Temperature inside the inverter


Check the ventilator and fan.
is too high.

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6. COMMUNICATION
6-1 RS-232 Communication Port
The RS-232 communication port provides the following features:
1)Provide Fault, DC abnormal, Overload, and Inverter Fail etc.
2)Monitor and display output voltage, output load, input dc voltage and temperature.
3)With software application in PC, provides scheduled on/off function for inverter.
Inverter data will be transmitted at 2400 baud rate and is made up of 8 bit, 1 stop bit, and no parity bit. All the
information is provided in ASCII format.
HARDWARE:
BAUD RATE --------------------------------- 2400 bps
DATA LENGTH ----------------------------- 8 bits
STOP BIT ------------------------------------- 1 bit
PARITY---------------------------------------- NONE
CABLING:
COMPUTER (female)

INVERTER (male )

PIN2 (RXD)

-------------------

PIN2 (TXD)

PIN3 (TXD)

-------------------

PIN3 (RXD)

PIN4 ( PNP)

-------------------

PIN4 (PNP)

PIN5 (COMMON) -------------------

PIN5 (COMMON)

PIN6 ( PNP)

------------------

PIN6 (PNP)

PIN7 ( PNP)

------------------

PIN7 (PNP)

6-2 Dry contact communication port


Dry contact terminal is connected to two Form C relays. One is for DC abnormal and the other one is for
FAULT.
NC: normal close
CO: common
NO: normal open
..

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7. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL
Capacity
Voltage
Frequency
Waveform
AC
OUTPUT
THD:
Crest Factor
Receptacle
Short
Overload
PROTECTION

Temperature
Output Voltage

ESI48I202xxxx
ESI48I102xxxx
2000VA / 1600W
1000VA / 800W
208V/220V/230V/240V (selectable by RS-232 )
50 /60 Hz (selectable by RS-232)
Pure Sine Wave
< 3% (Linear Load), < 5% ( Rectified Load ) for 230V output
3:1
IEC-320 4

Electrical Protection
105% ~125% 3 minutes ; 126% ~150 % 30 seconds ;
>151 %
1 second
; Shutdown
Electrical Protection for Over Temperature
Over and Under Voltage Protection

Voltage
AC INPUT

Rated Current
Protection
Connection

Voltage
DC INPUT
Rated Current
Protection
Efficiency
( liner load )
Connection
Communication
INTERFACE

ENVIRONMENT

MECHANICAL

IEC-320 4

208/220/230/240V 20V
10 A max
15A Breaker

5 A max
8A Breaker

Terminal black ( 3 P )
40V ~ 60V (Bypass voltage is normal)
< 40V, jump to off line mode
< 42V, displays show input dc low
> 59V, displays show input dc high
> 60V, jump to off line mode
50A max
25A max
Breaker and fuse
ESI48I202xxxx :> 86 % ( DC input 48V / AC output 230V )
ESI48I102xxxx :> 85 % ( DC input 48V / AC output 230V )
Terminal block ( 3 P )
Dry Contact / RS-232

LED Display

OUTPUT ON , OVERLOAD , DC ABNORMAL , FAULT

LCD Display
(data)

Output voltage, Output frequency, Bypass AC voltage, Bypass AC


frequency, VA, W, Input DC voltage, Temperature, Firmware
Version

LCD Display
(status)

Output status, DC to AC inverter status


Bypass AC status, DC input status

Temperature
Humidity
Noise
Dimension
Weight

0 ~ 45oC
20% ~ 90%(NO-Condensing)
<55 dB, 1m front
<45 dB, 1m front
440 300 88 (For 19 Rack) (W D H / mm)
8.5 kgw
8 kgw

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