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xsin x w.r.t.

Logarithmic differentiation.

sin x

ln y = (sin x) ln x

taking the natural log of both sides.

y'/y = (cos x) ln x + (sin x)/x

Using the product rule and implicit differentiation.

y' = y((cos x) ln x + (sin x)/x)

multiplying by y.

y' = x

sin x

((cos x) ln x + (sin x)/x) substitution.


Note that if you use logarithmic differentiation to differentiate y = u with respect to x, you will get the
y' = vu


* du/dx + u ln u * dv/dx.

Prove that the set Z4 = {0, 1, 2, 3} is an abelian group w.r.t. addition

modulo 4

In mathematics, and more specifically in algebra, a ring is an algebraic structure with operations generalizing the
arithmetic operations of addition and multiplication. By means of this generalization, theorems from arithmetic are
extended to non-numerical objects like polynomials, series, matrices and functions.
Rings were first formalized as a common generalization of Dedekind domains that occur in number theory, and of
polynomial rings and rings of invariants that occur in algebraic geometry and invariant theory. They are also used
in other branches of mathematics such as geometry and mathematical analysis. The formal definition of rings is
relatively recent, dating from the 1920s.
Briefly, a ring is an abelian group with a second binary operation that is distributive over the abelian group
operation and is associative. The abelian group operation is called "addition" and the second binary operation is
called "multiplication" in analogy with the integers. One familiar example of a ring is the set of integers. The
integers are a commutative ring, since a times b is equal to b times a. The set of polynomials also forms a
commutative ring. An example of a non-commutative ring is the ring of square matrices of the same size. Finally, a
field is a commutative ring in which one can divide by any nonzero element: an example is the field of real numbers.

Find the sum to

3. 6. 7
2. 4. 5
1. 2. 3

A run of numbers is a sequence of consecutive whole numbers i.e. with no gaps in the
such as

2, 3, 4;


is a run even though it contains just a single number

but not

5, 6, 8, 9

because 7 is missing

and not

2, 3, 3

because 3 is repeated

Every number is therefore a sum of numbers in a run because we can have a run with just a
single number in it!
Many numbers can also be written as a sum of a run of 2 or more numbers. For example:
10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4
11 = 5 + 6
12 = 3 + 4 + 5
13 = 6 + 7
14 = 2 + 3 + 4 + 5
For convenience, the sum of a run of numbers we will call a runsum.

One third of the students in a class are girls and the rest are boys.
The probability that a girl gets a first class is 0.4 and that of a boy is
0.3. If a student having first class is selected, find the probability that
the student is a girl.

The mean and standard deviation of 63 children on an average test are

respectively 27.6 and 7.1. To them are added a new group of 26 who have
less training and whose mean is 19.2 and standard deviation is 6.2. How will
the value of combined group differ from those of the original 63 children as
to mean and standard deviation?