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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN


ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996
Aasheesh Pittie & Siraj A. Taher

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN


ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996
Aasheesh Pittie & Siraj A. Taher

Published by
Birdwatchers Society of Andhra Pradesh
2004
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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Published by:

Birdwatchers Society of Andhra Pradesh


P.O. Box 45, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad 500034, India.

Maps produced by:

Aasheesh Pittie using Birdrecorder 32 & Dmap software.

Copyright:

The authors and publishers do not wish to hold a copyright on this


publication but request users to give due credit, as per the citation
below, whenever material from this volume is used for any purpose.

The presentation of material in this book and the geographical designations emplyed do not imply the expression of
any opinion whatsoever on the part of BSAP concerning the legal status of any area or territory, or concerning the
delimitation of its boundaries or frontiers.

Sketches by:

S. Subramanya.

This publication should be cited as follows:


Pittie, Aasheesh & Siraj Taher. 2004. Mid-winter Waterbird Census in Andhra Pradesh: 1987-1996. BSAP,
Hyderabad, India. 142 pp. (Unpublished report).

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

CONTENTS
CONTENTS

PAGE

Introduction

Overview of Andhra Pradesh and its wetlands

District profiles

21

Important wetlands of Andhra Pradesh

34

Threats and Uses of wetlands in Andhra Pradesh

35

Overview of wetland birds of Andhra Pradesh

36

Threatened waterfowl from Andhra Pradesh

37

Top 10 species, etc.

38

District-wise species list

39

Total annual population of waterfowl at census sites

99

Checklists of waterfowl of all districts

101

Checklists of waterfowl of all sites

109

Participants list

134

Appendix 1: Site-District

135

Appendix 2: District-Site

136

Appendix 3: Gazzetteer

137

Appendix 4: Threshold levels of waterfowl

140

List of illustrations

143

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

INTRODUCTION
In his first report of the Asian Waterfowl Census (now known as Asian Waterbird Census), van der Ven (1987) wrote, For
the first time ever co-ordinated counts were successfully organized in several Asian countries. The idea of such counts is
twofold. By having these counts in mid-January we hope to get a certain impression about the size of the population of several
species. Especially those species that winter in large concentrations fulfil this idea. Species like Moorhen or Red-wattled
Lapwing are much more difficult. However, we include them to get a certain impression about the numbers observed. Nobody
should expect wonders from these first counts. They give an impression about the numbers observed by many volunteers. On
the other hand, these counts also give an impression about the wetlands and their importance for birds in the different
countries. From these counts it is already possible to give a short list of the most important areas, but of course regular counts
can really support this knowledge.
The results of subsequent censuses have remained impressions of both, populations of waterfowl and the status of
wetlands in most states of India. Quite a few factors contributed to this. One, sites were not counted every year. Two,
innumerable sites, including those known as refuges of large congregations of waterfowl, were not counted at all. Three, the
expertise of participants, in field identification of waterfowl and assessment of habitat status, varied considerablysometimes
resulting in doubtful records. The project was a success inasmuch that it generated considerable enthusiasm and spontaneous
participation from amateur bird-watchers of the country. As is evident, these factors are true for Andhra Pradesh also.
Therefore, only rudimentary levels of analyses can be done of the data available.
The organizers of this unique and giant exercise have brought out annual reports of the data that impart only partial
informationperhaps due to financial constraints and the bulky nature of the data. During this period however, two major
steps towards educating participants in field identification of waterfowl were also taken. In 1987 the Bombay Natural History
Society published a Waterfowl Indicator (Hussain & DSilva) and, in 1993 the Wildbird Society of Japan in collaboration with
Asian Wetland Bureau and Tokai Foundation published A Field Guide to the Waterbirds of Asia (Sonobe & Usui). These
publications were distributed free of cost to participants of the census, and provided a big boost in helping sharpen
identification skills.
We present in this volume, data from Andhra Pradesh, India, for the first decade of the Asian Waterbird Census, 19871996. In this period, participants in 20 Districts visited 169 sites at least once. No sites were covered in the Districts of
Adilabad, Karimnagar and Vizianagaram. Species data is presented at District level. However, the annual total population of
waterfowl and checklists for each site are presented in separate sections. Besides thumbnail sketches of District statistics, both
ergonomic and census-related, annual species populations and waterfowl checklists for each District are presented in separate
sections. A simple analysis of the threats and uses of waterbodies is presented.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This volume would not have been possible without the forthright cooperation of S. A. Hussain, during the period when he was
in charge of the Census from Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), and Taej Mundkur. R. J. Ranjit Daniels gave valuable
suggestions to improve the presentations. To them we owe special thanks. We would also like to thank all the participants of
the Asian Waterbird Censusmembers of BSAP, non-members and personnel of the Andhra Pradesh Forest Department who
have enjoyed the mid-winter census and sent in their data. May their tribe increase! We are grateful to Suhel Quader for
critically reviewing the contents of the volume.

REFERENCES

Hussain, S. A. & C. DSilva (1987): Waterfowl Indicator. BNHS, Bombay.


Sonobe, K. & S. Usui (eds) 1993: A Field Guide to the Waterbirds of Asia. 224 pp. Wild Bird Society of Japan, Japan.
van der Ven, Joost (1987): Asian Waterfowl 1987. 103 pp. IWRB, Slimbridge, UK.

FURTHER READING

BirdLife International (2001): Threatened Birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife
International.
Daniel, J.C., S.A. Hussain, S.Asad Akhtar and Prakash Rao (1988): Wetlands & Waterfowl Newsletter. Vol. 1. 50+70 pp.
BNHS, Bombay.
Hussain, S.A., J.P. Menon, M.O. George and N. Goshalia (1990): Wetlands & Waterfowl Newsletter. Vol. 2. 67 pp. BNHS,
Bombay.
Lopez, A and T. Mundkur (eds) 1997: The Asian Waterfowl Census 1994-1996. Results of the Coordinated Waterbird Census and
an Overview of the Status of Wetlands in Asia. xiv + 118 pp. Wetlands International, Kuala Lumpur.
Mundkur, T. & V. Taylor (1993): Asian Waterfowl Census 1993. 142 pp. AWB, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia & IWRB, Slimbridge,
UK.
Perennou, C., P. Rose & C. Poole (1990): Asian Waterfowl Census 1990. 81 pp. IWRB, Slimbridge, UK.
Perennou, C. & T. Mundkur (1991): Asian Waterfowl Census 1991. 84 pp. IWRB, Slimbridge, UK.
Perennou, C. & T. Mundkur (1992): Asian Waterfowl Census 1992. 133 pp. IWRB, Slimbridge, UK.
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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Perennou, C., T. Mundkur, D.A. Scott, A. Follestad & L. Kvenild (1994): The Asian Waterfowl Census 1987-91: Distribution and
Status of Asian Waterfowl. 372 pp. AWB Publication No. 86. IWRB Publication No. 24. AWB, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and
IWRB, Slimbridge, UK.
Scott, D.A. & P.M. Rose (1989): Asian Waterfowl Census 1989. 95 pp. IWRB, Slimbridge, UK.
van der Ven, Joost (1988): Asian Waterfowl 1988: Midwinter Bird Observations in most Asian Countries. 98 pp. IWRB,
Slimbridge, UK.
INTERNET
Asian Waterbird Census website: http://www.wetlands.org/IWC/awc/awcmain.html.

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

OVERVIEW OF ANDHRA PRADESH


AND ITS WETLANDS

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

WETLANDS OF ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIASTATUS AND PRESSURES1


SIRAJ A. TAHER & GHULAM MOHAMMAD TAHER
INTRODUCTION

Andhra Pradesh State, classified as a southern state but actually situated rather in the center and towards the east lies between
1230 and 200N and 7630 and 850E with an area of about 277,000km2 and has a coastline of approximately 972kms on
its eastern side. The altitude of the land varies from sea level along the coastal plains to about 1500m in the Eastern Ghats. The
average altitude in the plains is about 500m. Precipitation is mainly during the southwest monsoon (June to September, 80%)
but parts of the state (South-East region) also experience the Northeast monsoon rains (November December, 20%). The mean
annual winter and summer temperatures range from 12C to 42C and the mean annual rainfall from 500mm to 1100mm. The
land generally slopes from northwest to southeast and the main drainage of rivers is in this direction. There are four major
rivers, Godavari, Krishna, Tungabhadra and Pennar and several other medium and smaller ones, and these form very fertile
deltas on the east coast. Being rain fed by the southwest monsoon, the smaller ones often become almost dry during the
summer months except in their lower courses. The state has one very large fresh water lake at Kolleru and several fairly large
ones at Pakhal and Ramappa, Pocharam, Nelapattu, Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar. There is an expansive salt-water lagoon
at Pulicat and on the extreme northern coast we have the Naupada swamps and the Coringa creek (mangroves).

GEOGRAPHY

The state of Andhra Pradesh can be divided into three distinct geographical divisions viz.,
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

EASTERN COASTAL PLAINS: More than half the coastal plain is covered by the Godavari, Krishna and Pennar
river basins. Besides these, there is the large lagoon of Pulicat on the southeastern tip of the state.
DECCAN PLATEAU: The plateau slopes from west to east and three of the smaller but important rivers in the plains,
besides the Godavari and Krishna, are the Penganga-Pranahita, Manjira and Musi.
EASTERN GHAT RANGES: The Eastern Ghats run almost parallel to the coast and are broken by a number of rivers
which flow through the long and wide valleys between different ranges having an average height of 450m.
WETLAND SOILS: Along the coast are found Coastal Alluvium and Deltaic Alluvium is found in the regions of the
deltas of the major rivers.
AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE AND PISCICULTURE: Being a riverine state, agriculture is the principal
occupation of the people. Horticulture is becoming popular. A major activity mostly on the coast and now in the
inland tanks and farms is pisciculture.

Total Geographical Area


Forest Area
Total Wetland Area
a) Natural Wetlands
b) Man-made Wetlands

2,75,069 km2.
63,771 km2.
5,26,349 ha.
1,00,457 ha.
4,25,892 ha.

SIGNIFICANT TYPES OF WETLANDS IN ANDHRA PRADESH

1.
2.

3.
4.

5.
6.
1

Shoreline (972km or, c. 2,000 km2 of coastal zone).


Major rivers:
a) GodavariPranahita.
b) Krishna.
c) Tungabhadra.
d) Pennar.
Several smaller rivers and tributaries and delta areas.
Large tanks/lakes (fresh water):
a) Pakhal.
b) Laknavaram.
c) Kolleru.
d) Ramappa.
e) Osman Sagar.
f) Himayat Sagar.
g) Hussain Sagar.
Pulicat lagoon.
Coringa mangroves.

Reprinted from Mayura (2001): Vol. 13 pp. 28-43 (1996), with some additions to the List of Wetland Birds and Waterfowl of Andhra Pradesh.

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

7.
8.
9.
10.

Naupada Swamps.
Krishna mangroves.
Godavari mangroves.
Reservoirs.

Innumerable smaller tanks, marshes, mangroves in several districts.

IMPORTANT WATERBIRD BREEDING AREAS


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Nelapattu Nellore district Grey Pelicans, Cormorants, Black-crowned Night Herons.


Punyakshetram _ East Godavari Dist. Openbill Storks.
Timmavacheruvu Anantapur district Openbill & Painted Storks.
Telineelapuram Srikakulam district Openbill Storks.
Telikunchi Srikakulam district Openbill Storks.
Manjira river (& at Singur) Medak district Painted Storks Ibises, River Terns.

PRINCIPAL WETLANDS OF ANDHRA PRADESH


1.

KOLLERU LAKE
Location: 16301645N, 81058120E; in Krishna and West Godavari districts, 50 km. from Vijayawada to the
east, A.P.
Area: 90,000ha at maximum flooding.
Ecological category: Fresh water.

2.

THE KRISHNA MANGROVES


Location: 15421548N, 8050810E; 90km. SSE of Vijayawada and 50km. South-West of Machilipatnam.
Area: c. 20,000ha.
Ecological category: Brackish water.

3.

PAKHAL LAKE
Location: 1757N, 800E in Warangal district, 40km east of Warangal, A.P.
Area: c. 1,500ha.
Ecological category: Fresh Water.

4.

MANJIRA BARRAGE AND SINGUR


Location: 1738 N, 7805E; 50km. northwest of Hyderabad, A.P.
Area: 2,000ha.
Ecological category: Fresh Water.

5.

POCHARAM RESERVOIR
Location: 1808N, 7757E; on the Manjira river 85km. North-West of Hyderabad, A.P.
Area: 20,000ha.
Ecological category: Fresh water.

6.

NELAPATTU TANK
Location: 1350N, 7959E; 68km. South of Nellore, A.P.
Area: Tank of 160ha in a sanctuary of 450ha.
Ecological category: Fresh water.

7.

PULICAT LAGOON
Location: 1355N, 80038019E; 45km. north of Madras, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.
Area: c. 72,000ha including c. 20,000ha of swamps to the north of the lake. 46,100ha of the lake are in A.P. and the
remaining 6,000ha are in Tamil Nadu.
Ecological category: Brackish water (a small area is fresh water and marsh).

8.

CORINGA MANGROVES
Location: 1659N, 8222E; in the Godavari delta, 70 km. South-East of Rajahmundry, A.P.
Area: 23,570ha.
Ecological category: Brackish water.

9.

GODAVARI MANGROVES
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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Location: 1623N, 8220E; in the East Godavari district near Kakinada.


Area: 6,000ha.
Ecological category: Brackish water.

PROBLEMS
1.
-

CORINGA MANGROVES
Destruction of mangroves forests due to heavy biotic pressure.
Conversion of mangroves forests for different land uses.
Dwindling of fisheries resources.
Pollution due to discharge of effluents.

2.
-

GODAVARI MANGROVES
Conversion of mangrove areas for agricultural activities.
Exploitation of mangroves due to heavy human pressures.
Human activities like clear felling, diversion of fresh water near shore, mining.
Oil and industrial pollution.

3.
-

KOLLERU LAKE
Inflow of effluents from industries and habitation around the lake.
Conversion of lake for land use practice.
Mushroom growth of fisheries tanks, which interfere with the natural circulation of water.
Infestation of lake area by water hyacinth.
Siltation due to denuded catchment areas.

4.
-

KRISHNA MANGROVES
Destruction of mangrove forests due to indiscriminate resource uses.
Over exploitation of fisheries resources.
Inflow of industrial effluents.
Discharge of agricultural pesticides and insecticides.

WETLAND WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES (Area in km2)


EXISTING
1. Pakhal
2. Pranahita
3. Pocharam
4. Manjira
5. Kolleru
6. Nellapattu
7. Nellapattu
8. Pulicat
TOTAL

878
136
130
20
673
236
15 (tank only)
600
2,688

PROPOSED
1. Naupada
20
2. Nachugunta Kottavelam 50

TOTAL

ASIAN WATERFOWL CENSUS FIGURES


SITES

70

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

189
12

326
32

650
103

655
107

816
94

121
17

180
26

282
32

318
35

300
31

India
Andhra Pradesh
PARTICIPANTS
India
Andhra Pradesh

WATER FOWL COUNTS


India
Species

373,454
(102)

Andhra Pradesh21,675

427,580 1,560,000 1,580,000 1,755,545


(148)
(142)
(152)
(155)
37,978

277,463

72,474

92,621
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TOTAL = 2,758

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

STATUS OF WETLANDS AND MANGROVES IN ANDHRA PRADESH

WETLANDS
There are two major wetlands in the state, which are identified as of international importance under Ramsar convention. These
are: (1) Pulicat lake extending over 600sq.km. in the southern most tip of the state in Nellore district and partly extending into
the adjoining Tamil Nadu state and an area of about 250sq.km. The entire lake has already been declared as a wildlife
sanctuary both in A.P. and Tamil Nadu in 1981. This is a salt-water lake formed due to a natural geological depression on the
shores of the Bay of Bengal and draws water from the sea during high tide. This is a shallow lagoon and does not exceed over
2m. in depth at the deepest point of the lake.
The second largest lake identified is the Kolleru Lake extending over an area of about 950sq.km. at full flood level located
in the districts of West Godavari and Krishna and the entire lake was already declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 1962.
Considering their importance, both the lakes have been identified as wildlife sanctuaries to protect the migratory birds and
local birds that inhabit these lakes as a part of obligation as India is a signatory both for the Ramsar convention and also
bilateral convention with Russia for protection of migratory birds.
AREA COVERED BY WETLANDS IN THE STATE
Five lakh and fifty thousand hectares of wetlands in A.P.
1/3= village tanks; 1/3=major and minor irrigation reservoirs.
1/3= balance lakes, lagoons, river systems.
MANGROVES
Mangroves occur in A.P. in the estuaries of Godavari and Krishna rivers. In total 582.19km2 are found in both these estuaries.
Out of this 429.70km2 are brought under the network of the protected areas by notifying Godavari estuary as Coringa wildlife
sanctuary extending over in area of 235.70km2 and Krishna estuary as Krishna wildlife sanctuary extending over an area of
194km2.
Mangroves provide different ecological niches for a variety of animal populations. The tree canopy offers excellent
habitat for birds while the surface provides a niche for several insects, animals and fish, which can only survive in such ecosystems. The mangroves of A.P. support such endangered species as dugongs, dolphins, otters, fishing-cats, etc.
ACTION PLAN FOR CONSERVING MANGROVES
1. To bring all the mangroves under the protected areas network and this was already done by bringing the major chunks of
mangroves under wildlife sanctuaries.
2. Consolidation of mangroves by clear demarcation and erection of Cairns to avoid encroachments.
3. Eco-development plans for reducing human pressure for their energy requirements and grazing by their cattle.
4. Reforestation of degraded areas.
RIVERS
Five important and large rivers flow through the state from the West to the East, forming extensive and fertile deltas on the
East Coast before they join the Bay of Bengal. All these rivers and the several other smaller tributaries form very important
wetland habitats, especially when flowing through the plains and at the deltas.
Of late various developmental and population pressures are resulting in changes detrimental to the river systems as well as
the flora and fauna they support. The frequent floods, droughts, erosion and siltation in the rivers and reservoirs have caused
immense damage both financial and environmental. The extensive deforestation in the upper reaches of the rivers becomes
evident in the deplorable conditions downstream. Besides the heavy utilization of the deltas and low banks of the rivers for
agricultural purposes further deteriorates the system.
MARSHES AND SWAMPS
Marshes, which form an almost complete though small self-supporting ecosystem are under heavy pressure and are extensively
being reclaimed. Several such very important areas have disappeared over a period of time. There is only one true swamp at
Naupada in the extreme north of the State. It is a small (20km2.) brackish swamp community supporting migratory and
resident waterfowl.
Such small but significant marshes and swamps are to be still found all over the state but are under a constant threat of
extinction.
RESERVOIRS
Though considered man-made culprits, detrimental to the ecology of the area, they may really be useful if carefully planned
and managed. After careful selection of site and proper management both from an engineering, as well as an ecological point
of view, they could provide the required natural resources on a sustainable basis.

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An attempt must also be made to balance its utilitarian value with the nature conservation scheme in the man-modified
eco-system.
There are several such reservoirs in Andhra Pradesh, which have become refuges, feeding and breeding grounds for the
migratory and resident waterfowl and other species of birds, which find support here.
Observations have shown that population trends for different avifauna are related to:
1)
2)
3)
4)

Changes in the habitat and availability of favoured niches.


Availability and accessibility of specific food sources.
Presence of secluded nesting and roosting sites.
Extent of disturbance by human activity.

TANK IRRIGATION
Tank irrigation, formerly a source of relative stability, has become a source of instability for agricultural production in many
parts of India. Important factors for the decline in tank irrigation are: environmental degradation such as deforestation, soil
erosion, siltation, tank bed cultivation, and lack of administrative setup to provide timely repair and maintenance of tanks and
to ensure proper water control and tank management. Unauthorised cultivation, tank-bed cultivation and foreshore
encroachments.
Tank irrigation, especially in southern India, is very closely interwoven with settlement pattern and village organization.
Nevertheless, in many parts of the country, especially in areas of high population densities, irrigation tanks are in decay and
the areas irrigated by tanks is declining.
There are three reasons for this decline in tank irrigation.
1.
2.
3.

The human pressure on land transforms the environment and affects the performance of irrigation tanks; vegetation in the
catchment areas decreases because of over-utilization. Subsequent erosion and flash run-offs cause siltation of the tank
beds and breaches of tanks.
Alternative sources of irrigation water have been developed, especially well water lifted by mechanical devices. Public as
well as private investments tend to favour these options over the traditional tank irrigation schemes.
The administration of irrigation tanks is neglected, leading to increasingly inefficient water use, which in turn accelerates
the redirection of private investments. Irrigation tanks are increasingly being treated as common property resources,
exploited without proper management, and degraded.

ECOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF TANKS


The ecological importance of tanks is wide-ranging and multifarious, even extending to the domain of the local socioeconomic situation.
Tanks also have a tremendous hydrological role to play. Because they serve as checks against seasonal (monsoon) rapid
water flows in valleys, they automatically act as checks against minor floods and more important, drought conditions during
dry months. A part from helping to store large quantities of surface water, they help to recharge ground water. This in turn
would help to maintain water yields of the well and tube wells closed by.
These tanks possess both deep water zones and shallow water zones of varying extent, and this imparts a unique
ecological significance; a) Deep water zones serve to support ducks, b) the shallow water zones and association mudflats and
soft and banks support waders, herons and other marshland waterfowl.
The bird life supported by such tanks further plays an important role in providing raw materials in the form of major
nutrients especially nitrogen, potassium, phosphates and other inorganic salts (minor but essential nutrients) directly into the
tank water through their droppings. These help to make the tank water fertile and initiate the food chain from the plankton
levels. This eventually makes the water body highly productive in overall terms. Since a major part of this water is used for
irrigation in the rural areas the already fertile waters would be able to support a higher crop quality.

THREATS AND DISTURBANCES

Wetlands are more vulnerable to accidental and intentional human interference than any other habitat. This is because both
water levels and quality can very easily be altered to spoil the life support system of the wetland. Excessive water inflow or
outflow eutrophication through sewage or washed down (leached) fertilizers industrial effluents or toxic substances with or
without synergistic effects, etc. can all impose very severe constraints on wetlands as wildlife habitats. When it becomes
unsuitable to wildlife, it is but natural that it becomes unsuitable as wetlands to man also in course of time. This may be
directly or though processes like biological amplification. It thus becomes very imperative that we take up the case of the
wetlands seriously and in earnest.
MUD-LIFTING

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

The Problem: The tank bed silt/mud has been traditionally used as manure and for local constructional purposes on a small
scale. With the growth of cities, mud lifting has reached enormous commercial proportions, with the mud being used for
making bricks on an industrial scale.
The Effects: Indiscriminate mud lifting from the tank bed severely affects the tank ecosystem.
ENCROACHMENT ON TANK BEDS
The Problem: Reclamation of the tank beds for uses detrimental to the well being of the tank can be termed encroachments. A
part from mud lifting and brick making activities, encroachments are basically for the purposes of agriculture human
settlements (housing and slums), and road building.
The Effects: Encroachments not only affect the tank directly but also bring other disturbances.
POACHING AND HUNTING OF BIRDS
Waterfowl, especially the migratory species that are present in our region from about October to April are extensively hunted
in our tanks. Clap traps and other such like devices and guns are made use of for the purpose. The claptraps are made using
bamboo frames and fish nets. Guns used are of all kinds, from rifles to muzzle loaders using gunpowder. Actual recorded
hunting and that revealed by local enquiries indicate that it is present in about 35% of the tanks. This could even be a very
conservative estimate.
Hunting of any kind needs to be stopped. The costs involved in hunting per unit weight of food would be much greater
than perhaps rearing domestic fowl. Existing laws for the preservation of wild life, which include waterfowl, should be given
more publicity. On a large scale even the media could be used for the purpose.
SEWAGE AND EFFLUENTS
Sewage alters the status of the wetland. Other effluents an have other harmful effects depending on their nature of the
effluents.

CREATION OF BIRD REFUGES

Irrigation tanks can be made more attractive to birds by providing suitable nesting, feeding and resting sites. Small islands can
be created in the tanks, close to the deep-water area for birds to rest, nest and feed. Planting them with suitable trees would
provide nesting and roosting sites for egrets, herons, cormorants and such other water birds. These islands should be planted
with species that can withstand water stagnation. The species should be such that they grow to different heights.
The vacant land around the tanks above the high water mark should be developed into a wooded area with abundant shrub
cover. This may attract a number of passerine and non-passerine birds.

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CURBING THREATS AND DISTURBANCES


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

There should be open and closed seasons for mud lifting. Mud lifting should compulsorily be restricted to the dry months.
The proportions of the tanks suitable for mud lifting should be identified and then demarcated into five or six equal size
plots by permanent flagstones. Mud lifting should be allowed on a sequential rotational basis of one plot per year.
All practices should be strictly adhered to, to allow the flora and fauna of the tank to survive and grow, and at the same
time allow the tank ecosystem to recuperate through limited successional processes.
Encroachments need to be removed and adequate and immediate protection to the tank ensured.
The quality of the water flowing in should be improved and bettered. BOD and suspended solids need to be brought to
within acceptable limits. Appropriate technologies and practices need to be employed for the purpose. Inflow of untreated
effluents needs to be completely stopped.
Developing a proper land-use pattern for the peripheral areas of the lake based on aerial photographic surveys and
demarcating areas for afforestation, fruit gardens, agriculture pisciculture, providing feeding and nesting areas to the birds
and development of tourism etc.,
A buffer zone to be developed with extensive forestry programmes by raising an effective shelter belt which not only
becomes a disturbance free zone but also a true buffer in eliminating pollution and human disturbances for a peaceful
existence of the birds in the lake.
Population control is to be given high priority, agricultural residual discharges, fishpond discharges, industrial and
domestic wastes have to be controlled and treated.
To achieve the above objectives, it is necessary to bring the whole gambit of development of the lake under one authority.

KOLLERU LAKE

The Kolleru Lake is a large wetland, which is formed due to natural depression in the districts of West Godavari and Krishna.
The Lake gets filled up with fresh water from various drains and streams. The full flood level of the lake is +10.7msl. The
actual area of the lake fluctuates according to the inflow of water in various seasons The Lake gets filled up in high flood
season at +10.7 MSL spreading over an area of 950km2. In summer, the water level goes down to almost +2msl and spreads
over an area of 66.56km2.
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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

PROBLEMS
1. Rapid siltation of lake with consequent loss of flood absorption capacity and flooding of catchment areas upto +10
contour.
2. Depleting the water in the lake to a + 3 / +2 contour in dry season resulting in:
i)
shrinkage of lake area,
ii)
Encroachment of lake bed by people, extending agricultural operations upto +2 contour, and
iii)
Inadequacy of water for aquaculture.
3. The desertion of the lake by Pelicans and a great loss of bird life in the lake seriously affecting the viability of the lake as
a bird sanctuary.
4. Eutrophication of the lake resulting in extensive weed growth effecting the fauna and flora in the lake and causing
ecological imbalance.
5. High Pollution pressure in the lake area, resulting in excessive ecological demand on the lake and its environs, by way of
agriculture and fish production and disturbance of the eco-system of the lake by encroachment and tank-bunds formation
and roads laying, tree cutting operations and consequent destruction of wildlife.
SUGGESTIONS
1. The corrective action lies in ensuring that the lake is not bled dry in summer, but a minimum water level at about +5 is
maintained by constructing a suitable regulator on the outlet system.
2. Several islands inside the lake are to be afforested for the exclusive use of nesting and roosting by the birds by developing
these islands with proper tree cover.
3. Shifting of the lakebed villages, upto +5 contour.
4. Construction of roads across the lake to the link villages is to be stopped.
5. De-weeding of the lake is to be on a war footing and periodical removal of weeds is to be done to provide enough space
for proper growth of marine fauna, and to avoid eutorphication.
6. All developmental activities are to be planned so as to be in harmony with the ecological balance of the system.

PULICAT LAKE
1.

Pulicat Lake is comparatively a better-preserved wetland. However, this lake has several problems due to pressure by the
people. Four major islands exist inside the lake and the people living therein have absolute ownership of the lands in the
islands and they practice agriculture on these lands.

PROBLEMS
1. The people living in the islands of the lake wanted roads to be laid cutting across the lake bed and dividing the lake into
smaller segments thereby the very flow of water from the sea will be restrictedeventually most of the lake bed will be
drained off.
2. The people living in the islands have been pressurizing the Government for connecting the island villages with power
supply by laying high-tension cables.
3. Another major problem faced by this wetland is for the demand of quarrying of the lakebed for time limeshell industry
and brine industry by the industrial lobby.
SUGGESTIONS
1. Shifting of the four major island villages from the lake bed to the periphery and giving them equal land for their
agriculture.
2. Total ban on creation of any industry in or around the lake to a distance of 10 Km. which will use the lake or its bed as a
resource.
3. Total ban on construction of bunds, roads and electricity lines through the lake.
4. Protecting the lake as a wetland for the benefit of migratory birds, which visit this area.

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

WETLAND BIRDS AND WATERFOWL OF ANDHRA PRADESH


Pintail Anas acuta
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spotbill Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Gadwall Anas strepera
Wigeon Anas penelope
Garganey Anas querquedula
Shoveller Anas clypeata
Pink-headed Duck* Rhodonessa caryophyllacea
Redcrested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
White-eyed Pochard Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos

GREBES
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
Little Grebe Podiceps ruficollis
TROPICBIRDS
Longtailed Tropic Bird Phaethon lepturus
PELICANS
Spotted-billed Pelican Pelicanus philippensis
CORMORANTS
Large Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Darter Anhinga rufa
HERONS, EGRETS, BITTERNS
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Eastern Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Eastern Large Egret Ardea alba
Little Green Heron Butorides striatus
Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Median Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Indian Reef Heron Egretta gularis
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Chestnut Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Black Bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis
Bittern Botaurus stellaris

CRANES
Eastern Common Crane Grus grus
Indian Sarus Crane Grus antigone
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo

STORKS
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Openbill Stork Anastomus oscitans
Whitenecked Stork Ciconia episcopus
White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Black Stork Ciconia nigra
Blacknecked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus

JACANAS
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronzewinged Jacana Metopidius indicus

RAILS, COOTS
Blue-breasted Banded Rail Rallus striatus
Baillons Crake Porzana pusilla
Ruddy Crake Porzana fusca
Brown Crake Amaurornis akool
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Watercock Gallicrex cinerea
Indian Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Coot Fulica atra

PLOVERS, SANDPIPERS, SNIPE


Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarious
Redwattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Spurwinged Plover Vanellus spinosus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Eastern Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica
Large Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii
Australian Blackfronted Plover
Charadrius melanops
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Pamir Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Curlew Numenius arquata
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Common Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus

IBISES, SPOONBILLS
White Ibis Threskiornis aethiopica
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
FLAMINGOS
Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconnaias minor
DUCKS, GEESE
Barheaded Goose Anser indicus
Lesser Whistling Teal Dendrocygna javanica
Large Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Brahminy Duck Tadorna ferruginea
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
-17-

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Spotted Sandpiper Tringa glareola


Terek Sandpiper Tringa terek
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Fantail Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Jack Snipe Gallinago minima
Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
Sanderling Calidris alba
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temmincks Stint Calidris temminckii
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Curlew-Sandpiper Calidris testacea
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
Eastern Knot Calidris tenuirostris
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis

Crab Plover Dromas ardeola


PRATINCOLES
Large Indian Pratincole Glareola pratincola
Small Indian Pratincole Glareola lactea
GULLS, TERNS
Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Great Blackheaded Gull Larus ichthyaetus
Brownheaded Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Blackheaded Gull Larus ridibundus
Slender billed Gull Larus genei
Indian Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida
Gullbilled Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Blackbellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Little Tern Sterna albifrons
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Lesser Blackbacked Gull Larus fuscus

STILTS, AVOCETS
Indian Blackwinged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Avocet Recurvirostris avosetta

*Probably extinct.

CRAB-PLOVERS

-18-

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

FURTHER READING
1.
2.

A Directory of Asian Wetlands IBCN.


Anonymous (1989): Wetlands, Mangroves and Biosphere Reserves. Proceedings of the Indo-US workshop,
New DelhiGovernment of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests.
3. Anonymous (1990): Wetlands of IndiaA Directory. Government of India, Ministry of Environment and
Forests, New Delhi.
4. Asian Waterfowl Census Reports 1987 to 1991, IWRB Slimbridge, U.K.
5. Hussain, S.A. (editor) (1988): Wetlands and Waterfowl. BNHS, Bombay.
6. Hussain, S.A. (editor) (1990): Wetlands and Waterfowl. BNHS, Bombay.
7. Ramakrishna, T. (1990): Notes on the status of Kolleru lakeA draft proposal. Unpublished report.
8. Rodgers & Panwar, H.S. (1988): Planning a Wildlife Protected Area Network in India Vols. 1 & 11 a
report Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun.
9. Status of Wetlands and Mangroves in Andhra Pradesh A draft proposal Mr. T. Ramakrishna, IFS,
Conservator of Forests, Andhra Pradesh Forest Department.
10. Taher, S.A. & Pittie, A. (1989) A Checklist of Birds of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad.

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

- 20 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

DISTRICT PROFILES

- 21 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Adilabad District
Area: 16,133km2.
Towns: 11

Headquarters: Adilabad

Villages: 1,709 Agriculture:

Climate: Temperature: Max 46oC Min 10oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 1,050mm.
Topography: Undulating terrain with low hills of Satpura & Vindhya branching and exposing forests. Height
125m to 650m a.s.l. General drainage N to S & SE. Forests: 7,220km2. Rivers: Pranahita-Penganga, Godavari,
Kadam, Pedda Vagu. Wetlands: Kadam Reservoir, Pedda Cheruvu (Dongaon), Thori Cheruvu, Kanchanpalli
Cheruvu, Domarivagu, Pedda Cheruvu (Soan), Pochampad Reservoir, Sathanala Reservoir.
Conservation: Sivaram Sanctuary (39 km2), Pranahita Sanctuary (136 km2), Kaval Sanctuary (893 km2),
Lanjamadugu Sanctuary (500 km2).
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

Anantapur District
Area: 19,125km2.
Towns: 11

Headquarters: Anantapur

Villages: 958

Agriculture: Bajra, Jowar, Millets, Ragi, Rice, Groundnut, Castor, Cotton.

Climate: Temperature: Min. 17oC Max. 39oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 544mm.
Forests: 1,953 square kilometers. Rivers: Penner, Uttara Pinkanini, Chitravati, Hagari (or Vedavati).
Topography: Forest areas confined mainly to hilly and unproductive regions. Reserve Forest on groups of hills
and also on isolated hillocks adjoining fields. A few plains areas. Wetlands: Tungabhadra Project (I & II),
Upper Penner, Bhairavanithippa.
Conservation: No protected area network.
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

- 22 -

1992
1
5
2225

1993

1994

1995

1996

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Chittoor District
Area: 15,763km2.
Towns: 13

Headquarters: Chittoor

Villages: 1,313 Agriculture: Rice, Sugarcane, Oilseeds, Millets, Pulses, Vegetables.

Climate: Temperature: Max. 37oC Min: 15oC Rainfall: Average annual: 850mm
Topography: Mountainous plateau on the west with the very prominent features of the Eastern Ghats
traversing NE to SW. General elevation 2,500m absl. In the east, hilly, with wide valleys and a forested plateau
(average 500m absl). Forests: 4,510km2. Rivers: Arani, Bahuda, Bheema, Kalyani, Palar, Swarnamukhi.
Wetlands: Araniyar Reservoir, Kalyani Reservoir, 8 other medium irrigation projects and 3 reservoirs.
Conservation: Sri Venkateshwara National Park (part of), Deer Parks in Chittoor Reserve Forest and at
Tirumala Hills, Sri Venkateshwara Zoological Park (Tirupati).
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992
3
14
1357

1993
3
11
5358

1994
3
15
635

1995
3
11
2141

1996
3
8
1369

Cuddapah District
Area: 15,356km2.
Towns: 8

Headquarters: Cuddapah

Villages: 972

Agriculture: Rice, Sugarcane, Millet, Orchards.

Climate: Temperature: Max. 42oC Min. 18oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 66mm.
Topography: Main forests distributed over 6 principal hill regions with a few valleys. Forests: 5,020km2.
Rivers: Pennar, Cheyyeru. Wetlands: A few perennial sources of water. Small streams and tanks.
Conservation: Sri Venkateshwara National Park (526km2. in this district); Sri Lankamalleshwaram Sanctuary
(465km2.)
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991
1
922

- 23 -

1992
4
8
7640

1993

1994
3
32
9095

1995
1
9
250

1996
1
14
279

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

East Godavari District


Area: 10,970km2.

Headquarters: Rajamundhry

Towns: 13
Villages: 1,513 Agriculture: Cotton, Rice, Sugarcane, Mulberry (Silkworm), Pulses,
Oilseeds, Tobacco. Other: Fishing.
Climate: Temperature: Max. 38oC Min. 19oC Rainfall: Average annual: 1,187mm.
Topography:
Forests: 3,232km2. Rivers: Godavari: east bank & delta. Wetlands: Coringa Wildlife
Sanctuary, Kakinada shore.
Conservation: Coringa Sanctuary (236km2.).
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993
1
36
2911

1994

1995

1996

Guntur District
Area: 11,391km2.
Towns: 15

Headquarters: Guntur

Villages: 715

Agriculture: Chillies, Cotton, Groundnut, Pulses, Rice, Tobacco.

Climate: Temperature: Max. 42oC Min. 17oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 831mm.
Topography: A large portion of the district is a vast plain gently sloping towards E-SE (black-cotton soil). On
the west are the Eastern Ghats. In places the hills are devoid of vegetation. The hilly regions and wooded areas
are mostly in Palnad Taluq and there are broken valleys through which streams flow to join the rivers. Forests:
1,619km2. Rivers: Krishna, Gundlakamma, Chandravanka, Naguleru. Wetlands: Uppalapadu, Jannalapara.
Conservation: Krishna Delta: 195km2. [Habitat: Mangroves]; Nagarjunasagar Srisailam (Rajiv Gandhi) Tiger
Reserve: 3,568km2. [Partly in this district]
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989
4
23
2344

1990
3

1991
5

5488

3471

- 24 -

1992
4
22
13771

1993
5
20
1585

1994
7
34
18158

1995
5
23
3388

1996
5
31
4214

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Hyderabad District
Area: 217km2. Headquarters: Hyderabad
Towns: 5
Orchards.

Villages: nil

Agriculture: Patches in urban areas. Rice, Sunflower, Vegetables,

Climate: Temperature: Max. 40oC Min. 12oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 770mm.
Topography: Mostly an urban area, very extensively built up with tar roads. Sparsely wooded. Hilly,
especially on the western and northern side. Slope of land west to east and south-east. Forests: nil. Rivers:
Musi (Mostly the dry portion). Wetlands: Hussain Sagar.
Conservation: Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park (300 acres); Nehru Zoological Park (300 acres.);
Sanjivayya Park, Indira Park, Public Gardens (urban parks).
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987
2
12
1949

1988
4
10
5213

1989
8
18
8538

1990

1991

1992
1
31
5556

1993
4

1994

11937

1995
1
2778

1996
2
29
5498

Karimnagar District
Area: 11,824km2.
Towns: 11

Headquarters: Karimnagar

Villages: 1,087 Agriculture: Jowar, Rice, Maize, Cotton, Pulses, Chillies.

Climate: Temperature: Max 43oC Min 14oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 914mm.
Topography: Mostly flat or undulating and cut up by many streams that join Godavari or Maner (Rivers). Hills
along the north from E to W. Teak forest, eastern side plain with few hillocks. Major forests here. Forests:
2,549km2. Rivers: Godavari, Maner. Wetlands: Shamigram, Dharmapuri, Kancherla, Maner Reservoir,
Lakshminarasimha Sagar.
Conservation: Sivaram Sanctuary (39 km2) (partly in this district).
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987
4
53
2344

1988
9
48
3886

1989
13
49
8866

1990
1
104

1991
4
20
936

- 25 -

1992
5
15
5453

1993
8
41
4489

1994
3
16
903

1995
5
30
4661

1996
7
50
2660

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Khammam District
Area: 15,872km2.
Towns: 6

Headquarters: Khammam

Villages: 1,226 Agriculture: Jowar, Rice, Pulses, Oilseeds, Millet, Chillies, Vegetables.

Climate: Temperature: Max. 47oC Min. 16oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 1,046mm.
Topography: Few isolated hill ranges traversing the central and eastern part. Another range in SE bounding the
Godavari Valley. Rest of the areas are plains. Forests: 8,462km2. Rivers: Godavari, Kinnersani, Sabari,
Paleru, and Wyra. Wetlands: 26 large tanks. Paler Reservoir, Wyra Reservoir and Lankasagar Reservoir.
Conservation: Kinnersani Wildlife Sanctuary (636km2), Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuary (590km2.)
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993
1
22
5745

1994

1995
1
0
0

1996

Krishna District
Area: 8,734km2. Headquarters: Masulipatnam
Towns: 16
Villages: 982
Agriculture: Cotton, Sugarcane, Rice, Tobacco, Turmeric, Groundnut,
Pulses, Jowar, Chillies, Vegetables, Fruit. Other: Fishing.
Climate: Temperature: Max. 46oC Min. 15oC Rainfall: Average annual: 1,200mm.
Topography: In the southern half, coastal plains with vast deltas formed by Krishna river and large areas under
agriculture. Bits of forest along coast (degraded estuarine). Northern-half, hilly ranges of Eastern Ghats. Most
forest areas here. Forests: 662km2. Rivers: Krishna, Budameru. Wetlands: Kolleru Lake (part).
Conservation: Krishna Mangroves (194km2.), Kolleru Bird Sanctuary [Part (673km2.)].
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988
1
19
17112

1989
1
16
24373

1990

- 26 -

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996
1
29
26062

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Kurnool District
Area: 17,658km2.

Headquarters: Kurnool

Towns: 10
Villages: 918
Castor, Vegetables.

Agriculture: Jowar, Rice, Pulses, Millet, Groundnut, Cotton, Chillies,

Climate: Temperature: Max. 41oC Min. 16oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 641mm.
Topography: Two hill ranges: Nallamalai and Yerramalai. The former a continuous range of unbroken, steep hills, av.,
elevation 600m. N-S direction from river Krishna for 130 kms. Runs west and falls gradually N to Pecheruvu Plateau and
then sharply towards Gundlabrahmameshwaram (GBM) highest point 760m. Low hills & flat country towards east. The
latter continuous and isolated group of table-topped hills running N to S parallel to Nallamalais. Elevation 300m-600m.
Forests: 3,450km2. Rivers: Tungabhadra, Penner, Krishna, Paleru, Kundu, Hundri. Wetlands: Siddapuram, Pedda Cheruvu,
Achammakunta, Darga Cheruvu, Kurnool-Cuddapah Canal, Telugu Ganga Canal.
Conservation: Nagarjunasagar Srisailam (Rajiv Gandhi) Tiger Reserve (3,568km2), Rollapadu Bustard Sanctuary (6km2),
Pullaiah Deer Park.

Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988
1
21
275

1989

1990
1
19
1237

1991
1

1992

1593

1993
1
22
971

1994

1995

1996

Mahbubnagar District
Area: 18,396km2.
Towns: 14

Headquarters: Mahbubnagar

Villages: 1,537 Agriculture: Bajra, Jowar, Rice, Wheat, Pulses, Millets, Chillies, Castor.

Climate: Temperature: Max. 40oC Min. 10oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 750mm.
Topography: Continuous hilly ranges in Achampet division comprising of rugged and steep hills with average
height of 600m absl, running in the SW direction along river Krishna. Well forested all over. Highest point
911m amsl., in Amrabad sloping N-NE to 575 m. Principal drainage E. Forests: 3,030km2. Rivers: Krishna,
Tungabhadra, Dindi. Wetlands:
Conservation: Nagarjunasagar Srisailam (Rajiv Gandhi) Tiger Reserve (part of 3,568km2.), Srisailam HQ.
Pillalmarri Deer Park (6ha).
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987
1
24
888

1988
1
9

1989
10
44
7561

1990

1991

- 27 -

1992
1
26
5932

1993
3
27
2897

1994
3
37
5466

1995
5
45
4029

1996
3
39
4164

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Medak District
Area: 9,685km2. Headquarters: Medak
Towns: 8

Villages: 1,260 Agriculture: Rice, Wheat, Jowar, Jute, Sugarcane, Groundnut, Orchards.

Climate: Temperature: Max. 42oC Min. 14oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 880mm.
Topography: Part of the tableland of the Deccan Plateau. Its flat lands and undulating slopes criss-crossed by
different ranges of hills. Altitude 500m-600m. Forests: 953km2. Rivers: Manjira. Wetlands: Manjira
Reservoir, Singur Reservoir, Rayanpally Reservoir, Patancheru, Narsapur, Pedda Cheruvu and Sangareddy.
Conservation: Manjira Wildbird Sanctuary (20km2.), Pocharam Sanctuary (part of 130km2. in this district).
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987
3
63
13851

1988
3
55
11756

1989
7
50
27388

1990

1991
3
33
1399

1992
2
28
1155

1993
9
41
8820

1994
5
54
11138

1995
9
49
6176

1996
6
47
27925

Nalgonda District
Area: 14,242km2.
Towns: 6
Chillies, Rice.

Headquarters: Nalgonda

Villages: 1,165 Agriculture: Bajra, Jowar, Millet, Castor, Groundnut, Pulses, Maize,

Climate: Temperature: Max. 45oC Min. 13oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 711mm.
Topography: A plateau with 2 aspects: a granite region (barren) and a sedimentary region (gradually sloping
towards south to Krishna River, with large tracts of jungle). Has the largest area under canal irrigation. Forests:
858km2. Rivers: Dindi, Musi, Hallai, Aler and Krishna. Wetlands: Nagarjunasagar Reservoir, Dindi Reservoir,
Musi Reservoir.
Conservation: Nagarjunasagar Srisailam (Rajiv Gandhi) Tiger Reserve (part of 3,568km2.); Sakaligattu Island
Deer Park (in Nagarjunasagar Reservoir); Vijayavihar Deer Park (Nagarjunasagar).
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989
5
22
4841

1990

1991
1
13
6699

- 28 -

1992
2
21
527

1993
4
29
17844

1994
1
15
120

1995
2
17
408

1996
2
7377

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Nellore District
Area: 13,076km2.
Towns: 8

Headquarters: Nellore

Villages: 1,182 Agriculture: Millets, Pulses, Groundnut, Rice. Other: Fishing.

Climate: Temperature: Max. 40oC Min. 21oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 1,040mm.
Topography: The District can be divided into the seaboard (25km. wide) in the east. The plains, covering the
bulk of the area and the foothills (gently sloping land running parallel to the Eastern Ghats). The Eastern Ghats
(Vellikonda range). Forests: 2,519km2. Rivers: Pennar, Paleru, Swarnamukhi and, Kalingi. Wetlands:
Nelapattu Lake, Pulicat Lagoon and, Gudur Tank.
Conservation: Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary (8km2.); Pulicat Bird Sanctuary (600km2.).
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987
14

1988
7
74
40248

1989
19
84
107199

1990
7
38
52217

1991
8
18
81989

1992
13
50
33825

1993
5
37
22314

1994
5
53
50193

1995
6
36
55641

1996
8
46
78245

Nizamabad District
Area: 7,956km2.
Towns: 6

Headquarters: Nizamabad
Villages: 916

Agriculture: Cotton, Groundnut, Jowar, Maize, Pulses, Rice, Turmeric.

Climate: Temperature: Max. 44oC Min. 8oC Rainfall: Average annual 108mm.
Topography: A greater portion of the district is hilly; rest of the areas are plains. The hills run NW with gentle
to moderate slopes. Numerous water courses drain into Manjira and Godavari rivers. Forests: 1,690km2.
Rivers: Godavari (south bank), Manair and, Manjira. Wetlands: Nizamsagar Reservoir, Sriramsagar Reservoir
and, Ali Sagar.
Conservation: Pocharam Sanctuary (130km2.); Ali Sagar Deer Park.
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989
1
23
6604

1990

1991

- 29 -

1992

1993

1994
2
37
6520

1995
3
32
2177

1996
1
446

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Prakasham District
Area: 17,626km2.
Towns: 11
Tobacco.

Headquarters: Ongole

Villages: 1,081 Agriculture: Chillies, Cotton, Groundnut, Jowar, Millet, Pulses, Rice,

Climate: Temperature: Max. 41oC Min. 20oC Rainfall: Average annual: 1,150mm
Topography: General configuration of the ground is plain toward the seacoast and with undulating hills
towards the west and south. General drainage north easterly into Gundlakamma river. Forests: 4,4,24km2.
Rivers: Gundlakkamma (220kms), Krishna (Small part). Wetlands: Gollapalli Reservoir.
Conservation: Nagarjunasagar Srisailam (Rajiv Gandhi) Tiger Reserve (part of 3,568km2.).
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992
2
5
400

1993

1994

1995

1996

Rangareddi District
Area: 7,493km2. Headquarters: Vikarabad
Towns: 16
Rice.

Villages: 1,021 Agriculture: Chillies, Millets, Castor, Pulses, Jowar, Vegetables, Cotton,

Climate: Temperature: Max. 42oC Min. 10oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 750mm.
Topography: Hilly ridges run from north to south where it joints the Anantagiri Plateau (700m asl). The
eastern half slopes down and has a rugged configuration. Small isolated hill forest in the east. Forests: 730km2.
Rivers: Musi, Kanga and, Manjira. Wetlands: Himayat Sagar, Osman Sagar, Mir Alam Tank and, Shamirpet
Tank.
Conservation: Mahavir Harin Vanasthali (Deer Park, 80ha); Jawahar Lake, Shamirpet (Deer Park, 12ha);
Mrugavani, Chilkur (Deer Park, 400ha); Bhagyanagar Nandavanam (Deer Park, ?).
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987
4
53
2344

1988
9
48
3886

1989
13
49
8866

1990
1
104

1991
4
20
936

- 30 -

1992
5
15
5453

1993
8
41
4489

1994
3
16
903

1995
5
30
4661

1996
7
50
2660

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Srikakulam District
Area: 9,743km2.

Headquarters: Srikakulam

Towns: 16
Villages: 3,080 Agriculture: Millet, Rice, Wheat, Pulses, Tobacco, Chillies, Oilseeds.
Other: Fishing.
Climate: Temperature: Max. 43oC Min. 18oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 1,074mm.
Topography: Two geographical regions. 1. Hilly. 2. Plains. The hilly regions are to the NW and the plains
towards E on the sea. E. Ghats run parallel to the sea from NE to SW, and the main drainage is in this direction.
Max., height of ranges is 825m absl. Forests: 687km2. Rivers: Vamsadhara, Nagavali, Suvarnamukhi and,
Champavathi. Wetlands: Several large tanks. Nagavalli Reservoir, Vegavathi Reservoir and, Vamsadhara
Reservoir.
Conservation: Ichchapuram Heronry.
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989
1
11
1084

1990
1
10
1509

1991
1

1992
1

2095

2455

1993

1994

1995

1996

Visakhapatnam District
Area: 11,161km2.
Towns: 10

Headquarters: Visakhapatnam

Villages: 4,258 Agriculture: Cashew, Groundnut, Millet, Rice, Sugarcane. Other: Fishing.

Climate:
Topography: 2 natural divisions. Most parts hilly especially in the north. Agency areas consist of hilly regions
of Eastern Ghats & run parallel from NE-SW. Av. height 910m with some hills over 1,200m. Foothills have
secluded valleys between main hills and plains. 176km coastline. Forests: 4,410km2. Rivers: Machkund,
Sarada, Varaha, Gosthani and, Champavathi. Wetlands: Kondakarla Tank, Ravanapalle, Gambhirapeda
Reservoir, Gosthani Resvoir and, Varaha Reservoir.
Conservation: Indira Gandhi Zoological Park (8km2.)
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987
2
32
1225

1988
2

1989
1

1990
1

1091

855

1991

- 31 -

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Vizianagaram District
Area: 6,539km2. Headquarters: Vizianagram
Towns: 9

Villages: 1,524 Agriculture: Millet, Rice, Groundnut, Oilseeds.

Climate: Temperature: Max 35oC Min 18oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 1,158mm.
Topography: Mostly hilly regions covered by the E. Ghats running from NE to SW and parallel to the coast.
Average height 915m. Elsewhere, lowhills, enclosing the two parallel valleys of Vamsadhara and Nagavathi
which drain into the Bay of Bengal. The hills on the west of the coastal plains consist of three main plateaus.
Forests: 1,118km2. Rivers: Nagavalli, Gosthani, Suvarnamukhi, Gomukhi. Wetlands: Several distributed
over the valleys and foothills.
Conservation:
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

Warangal District
Area: 12,875km2.
Towns: 4

Headquarters: Warangal

Villages: 1,085 Agriculture: Castor, Cotton, Groundnut, Jowar, Millet, Rice, Wheat.

Climate: Temperature: Max. 45OC Min. 15.8OC. Rainfall: Average annual: 1016mm.
Topography: Hilly and undulating region, continuation of Eastern Ghats, forming the catchment of Godavari
and Munner. Highest point 725m. absl. Forests: 3,720km2. Rivers: Munner, Paleru, Aler, Aker, Pedda Vagu
(tributaries of Godavari) and, Godavari. Wetlands: Pakhal Reservoir, Laknavaram Reservoir, Ramappa Tank,
Ghanpur Tank, Nirukula Tank, Kazipet and, Bhadrakali.
Conservation: Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary (803km2.); Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary (860km2.); Vanavijayan
Kendra Deer Park.
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989
12
54
24314

1990
8

1991
3

9882

778

- 32 -

1992

1993

1994
5
30
20075

1995
4
23
114568

1996

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

West Godavari District


Area: 7,780km2. Headquarters: Eluru
Towns: 10
Villages: 880
Agriculture: Cashew, Chillies, Coconut, Pulses, Maize, Rice, Oilseeds,
Fruit, Vegetables. Others: Fishing.
Climate: Temperature: Max 46oC Min 15oC. Rainfall: Average annual: 1,080mm.
Topography: 3 natural divisions. 1. Upland area: undulating plains broken by low ranges. 2. Agency area:
traversed by Eastern Ghats and the Papikonda ranges. 3. Deltas of Godavari: south of the district, large areas of
alluvial deposit of Godavari & Krishna created the shallow lake of Kolleru. Main drainages into this and out
through Upputeru to the sea. Forests: 813km2. Rivers: Godavari branches into Gouthami and Vashishta
Godavari; Tammileru. Wetlands: Kolleru Lake (part); several smaller tanks.
Conservation: Kolleru Bird Sanctuary (673km2.)
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994
1
19
11080

1989
11

1990
3

1991
4

1992
2

1993
5

1994

5207

6131

1605

2194

1380

1995
1
18
14389

1996
1
53
16775

Miscellaneous Sites
Year
Total number of sites
Total number of species
Total number of birds

1987

1988

- 33 -

1995

1996

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

IMPORTANT WETLANDS OF ANDHRA PRADESH


(Counted at least once between 1987-1998)

CUDDAPAH DISTRICT
Vontimitta Tank
EAST GODAVARI
DISTRICT
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary
GUNTUR DISTRICT
Bapatla Seashore / Perali
Poguru
Jannalapara Tank
Uppalapadu Tank
HYDERABAD DISTRICT
Hussain Sagar Lake
KHAMMAM DISTRICT
Palair Reservoir

KRISHNA DISTRICT
Kolleru Lake (Part)
MEDAK DISTRICT
Manjira Barrage
Singoor Dam
Pocharam Reservoir
NALGONDA DISTRICT
Bhongir Tank
Musi Dam
Raigir Tank
NELLORE DISTRICT
Alluru Tank
Gudur Tank
Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary

- 34 -

Pulicat Bird Sanctuary


Ramanna Tank
Sriharikota Island
Sullurpeta Marshes
NIZAMABAD DISTRICT
Nizamsagar Dam
WARANGAL DISTRICT
Bhadrakali Tank
Ghanpur Tank
Nirukula Tank
Madannapet Cheruvu
WEST GODAVARI
DISTRICT
Kolleru Lake (Part)

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

THREATS TO AND USES OF WETLANDS IN ANDHRA PRADESH


Methodology

1.
2.

3.
4.

The Criteria taken below are the same as those given in the AWB forms.
Though 168 wetlands were covered by participants, all respondents have not filled out the relevant portions
of the Data Entry Forms. Therefore the following data is not complete.
A simple spreadsheet was prepared for each District, wherein the threats and uses at various waterbodies
were marked against each site. These were simply totaled and values for each District arrived at.
Subsequently, another spreadsheet was prepared for the State with the relevant values for each District
against the threats and uses (Index in the table below). These values were totaled (221) and their
individual percentages worked out.
S. No.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

Criteria
Agriculture along dry margins
Little fishing
Excessive cattle grazing
Hunting / trapping / poaching of birds
Cutting / clearance of vegetation
Domestic sewage
Sedimentation
Industrial waste
Partial reclamation
Large scale fishing
Excessive growth of vegetation
Pesticides
Fertilizers
Mining
Dam / barrage construction
Unknown
Eutrophication
None
Solid waste
Tourism & recreation

- 35 -

Index

35
29
26
24
15
14
12
11
9
8
7
5
4
4
4
4
3
3
2
2

15.8
13.1
11.8
10.9
6.8
6.3
5.4
4.9
4.1
3.6
3.1
2.3
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.4
1.4
0.9
0.9

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

OVERVIEW OF WETLAND BIRDS OF ANDHRA PRADESH

Wetlands of Andhra Pradesh Censused during 1987-1996

- 36 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

THREATENED WATERFOWL FROM ANDHRA PRADESH


SPECIES

STATUS

Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis


Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Blacknecked Stork
Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
Lesser Adjutant Stork
Leptoptilos javanicus
Oriental White Ibis
Threskiornis melanocephalus
Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor
Pinkheaded Duck
Rhodonessa caryophyllacea
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Sarus Crane Grus antigone
Blackbellied Tern Sterna acuticauda

Vulnerable
Near Threatened
Near Threatened
Near Threatened
Vulnerable
Near Threatened
Near Threatened
Critically Threatened
(extinct?)
Near Threatened
Vulnerable
Near Threatened

Explanation: For detailed definitions and explanation please see BirdLife International (2001).
STATUS IN DESCENDING ORDER:
1.
Critically threatened.
2.
Vulnerable.
3.
Near Threatened.
Source: BirdLife International (2001): Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data
Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.

- 37 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

10 MOST ABUNDANT WETLAND SPECIES FOUND IN ANDHRA


PRADESH AND THEIR POPULATION TREND OVER 10 YEARS
SPECIES

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

TOTAL

NORTHERN PINTAIL
Anas acuta
NORTHERN SHOVELLER
Anas clypeata
GREATER FLAMINGO
Phoenicopterus roseus
CATTLE EGRET
Bubulcus ibis
GARGANEY
Anas querquedula
COMMON COOT
Fulica atra
RED-CRESTED POCHARD
Netta rufina
COMMON TEAL
Anas crecca
LITTLE EGRET
Egretta garzetta
LITTLE STINT
Calidris minutus
TOTAL

2637

3728

24128

5199

4982

2441

692

25311

2566

2601

74285

951

8580

5553

51

393

1346

2849

8408

29406

57537

2088

5300

2486

3985

311

8239

6724

15000

44140

137

1325

3635

154

1050

7402

1060

1511

5628

9801

31703

437

12094

9320

102

494

48

183

215

770

23663

272

2606

4823

97

131

4925

259

1555

3787

4673

23128

294

634

10233

1698

53

3207

1101

5679

22899

2096

1096

3972

14

1289

320

384

1110

11941

22231

203

1037

2448

1589

34

5323

1708

1343

4726

2817

21228

990

672

2790

2500

1822

70

6509

178

4265

19798

10011

35848

74191

14024

8357

31764

7860

53085

36438

88949

340612

10 LEAST ABUNDANT WETLAND SPECIES FOUND IN


ANDHRA PRADESH
SPECIES

NUMBER

CHESTNUT BITTERN Ixobrychus cinnamomeus


BLACKNECKED STORK Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
BAILLONS CRAKE Porzana pusilla
BROWN CRAKE Amaurornis akool
BLACK BITTERN Ixobrychus flavicollis
WHIMBREL Numenius phaeopus
YELLOW BITTERN Ixobrychus sinensis
LESSER ADJUTANT STORK Leptoptilos javanicus
TEREK SANDPIPER Tringa terek
MALLARD Anas platyrhynchos

1
1
2
2
2
3
4
9
10
11

SOME MORE INTERESTING STATISTICS


Total waterfowl counted in Andhra Pradesh from 1987-1996
Unidentified Ducks
Unidentified Shorebirds
10 most abundant species as a percentage of total waterbirds

- 38 -

790,707
143,371
78,961
43%

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

DISTRICT-WISE SPECIES COUNTS

- 39 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

LITTLE GREBE Tachybaptus ruficollis


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

420

0
1

20
0
7
12
30

86

114

507

189

1989

8
160
23
80
18
47
39
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
34
0

48
190

74
10

13
0

0
0

17

14
240

364
90
125
6
100

0
243

17
0
0

13
0
4
300
0
248
0

142
0
300

0
0
150

0
0

10

48
875

0
398

0
17

0
612

0
0
0
2
133
0

?
0
135

48
40
0
0
335
3

60
40
0
1286
0

70
90
0
811
0

23

79

44

12

657

1815

1748

SPOT-BILLED PELICAN Pelecanus philippensis*


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
540

540

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
511
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

706

0
0
0

0
0
0
896
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
511

0
706

0
0

*Status: Vulnerable.

- 40 -

0
896

0
0
0
0
826
0

0
0
826

0
0
0
540
0

0
0
0
1144
0

0
0
0
885
0

541

1144

885

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

GREAT CORMORANT Phalacrocorax carbo


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

0
0

0
2

0
0
#
0
95

11

97

0
0
0
0
1
0
160
0

1992
0
0
0
0
0
0

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
8

0
0

0
1
0

0
0
15
0
40
0

1
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

10

0
172

0
0

0
1

0
55

0
0
0
0
107
0

0
107

4
4
3
10
9

0
0
0
359
2

0
9
0
263
0

28

0
0

0
0

0
120

58

369

403

LITTLE CORMORANT Phalacrocorax niger


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

1989

62

40
62

12
60
47

0
44

15
0
#
165
1658

60

82

87

253

2022

8
91
23
857
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

2000
0

0
0

1
0
0
93

35
0
0
10
37

2
0
0
74
186

0
0

13
398
0

4
13
3
2701
0
199
0

203
0
25

0
0
8

16
0

46
1377

0
15

5
432

- 41 -

0
4920

0
3
0
0
466
23

0
492

15

7
175
8
318
65

0
8
3
801
3

0
513
10
1628
0

22

25

75

6
0

1
0

750

695

923

3253

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

INDIAN SHAG Phalacrocorax fuscicollis


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
1
0
1181
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

250

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

10
8
0

0
0
0

2
0

0
1200

0
250

0
2

0
0

0
0
0
0
145
0

0
145

4
0
0
0
0

12
0
0
0
0

48
0
0
0
0

110
0

1
0

114

13

53

UNIDENTIFIED CORMORANTS Phalacrocoracidae


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
20
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
30

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
20

0
0

0
0

- 42 -

0
0

0
0
0
1270
0
0

0
0
1270

40

0
0
0
0
0

0
313
0
0
0

65
13
0
60
0

313

208

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

ORIENTAL DARTER Anhinga melanogaster*


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
1

0
0
#
1
1

1989

0
0
0
2
1
0
4
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

4
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

2
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

16

7
33

0
1

0
0

0
6

0
0
0
0
2
2

0
4

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
4
0

0
15
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

19

*Status: Near threatened.

YELLOW BITTERN Ixobrychus sinensis


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0

1990

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

1
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0

1991

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
3

0
0

0
0

- 43 -

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

CINNAMON BITTERN Ixobrychus cinnamomeus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

BLACK BITTERN Dupetor flavicollis


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

- 44 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT HERON Nycticorax nycticorax


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
29

12

12

29

1989

0
0
0
13
23
0
1011
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
13

0
0

0
0

10

1200
0

0
0

2000
0

0
0
0
0

123

0
0
0

0
0
0
276
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
18
0

0
0

0
1047

0
141

0
0

0
2276

0
0
0
0
358
0

0
358

0
0
0
223
0

0
1
0
236
0

0
500
0
996
0

0
0

0
0

1000

246

1441

2496

INDIAN POND HERON Ardeola grayii


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

56

72

2
62

50
0
4
27
34

60

139

50

230

326

1989

36
182
10
107
47
12
88
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

25

50
44
257

74
124

38
25

54
30

157

66
40

53
32

264
0

0
0
0
0

12

11
10
200

36
27
4
365
50
52
0

137
0
5

0
0
50

45
0

90

121
834

0
62

30
321

- 45 -

0
1149

0
1
0
31
325
10

0
367

300

28
45
1
225
9

44
64
0
932
0

96
315
8
1461
0

17

84

90

5
0

4
0

800

685

1297

3239

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

CATTLE EGRET Bubulcus ibis


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

55

0
84

8
0
231
46
289

26

696

27

137

1325

1989

2
842
4
362
71
61
1043
80

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

800

400
17
1143

93
257

49
5

16
5

318

327
250

500
88

4019
0

0
0
0
0

49

19
13
0

27
9
18
1543
155
71
0

277
0
0

0
105
0

187
0

85

808
3635

0
154

31
1050

0
7402

0
12
0
0
1048
0

0
1060

600

150
94
10
417
0

204
0
0
4435
0

236
2501
55
4850
0

148

355

450

24
0

3
0

500

1511

5628

9801

LITTLE GREEN HERON Butorides striatus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
28

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
3
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
3

0
0

0
0

- 46 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

28

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

WESTERN REEF EGRET Egretta gularis


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
1

1989

2
0
0
0
0
0
2
0

1990

1991

1992

0
0
0

0
0

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0
21
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
5
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
2
0

0
0

0
4

0
2

0
0

0
5

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
21

0
0
0
3
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

LITTLE EGRET Egretta garzetta


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

32

84

2
89

0
1
#
25
715

80

212

0
0
203

1989

92
41
90
319
163
224
805
10

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

700
107
1428

99
116

80
50

64
6

143

22
130

76
162

2008
0

0
21
0
0

1539

4
10
0

31
6
18
817
120
88
0

625
0
7

0
0
50

13
0

21

1037

51
2448

0
1589

7
34

- 47 -

0
5323

0
1
0
1002
680
4

0
1708

46

205
33
17
452
44

273
82
0
3957
2

170
503
2
1513
0

233

130

1
0

0
0

275

1343

4726

2817

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

INTERMEDIATE EGRET Mesophoyx intermedia


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

5
56

15
2
#
11
332

10

79

366

1989

0
13
0
20
52
9
113
2

1990

1991

1992

0
3
0

8
0

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0
24
0

6
0

12
0

9
0

15
0

4
0

0
1

19

1
5
0

6
9
4
5
0
7
0

14
73
0

0
72
5

8
0

7
305

0
97

0
14

0
42

0
3
0
2
68
0

0
97

100

11
10
0
37
3

10
20
0
1188
0

14
11
0
0
0

15

11

2
0

0
0

0
30

78

1260

179

LARGE EGRET Casmerodius albus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

12

1
23

0
0
#
5
125

12

42

142

1989

7
0
0
14
12
14
612
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

5
0

0
0

4
0

7
0

16

2
0

6
4

0
0

211

2
0
0

2
3
2
456
0
3
0

31
12
0

0
15
0

2
0

27

10
739

0
226

0
9

- 48 -

0
470

0
2
0
1
159
0

0
169

20

1
12
1
11
3

4
27
0
14
4

0
36
0
1751
0

2
0

3
0

50

52

59

1869

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

PURPLE HERON Ardea purpurea


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

10

17
0
#
11

0
11

2
0

21

33

1989

0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
1

4
7

6
3

0
4
0

2
0

0
3
8
0
4
0

0
0

3
0
0

0
8
0
1
0
2
0

5
0
0

0
0
5

10
0

2
23

0
5

0
13

0
0
0
0
0

51

2
11
0
1
0

3
24
0
0
1

10
102
2
51
0

19

16

0
4

0
0

1
0

0
73

22

59

315

0
13

GREY HERON Ardea cinerea


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

2
53

25
3
#
61
115

16

79

213

1989

0
0
0
10
99
0
303
20

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
13
160

3
4

9
0

2
0

2
0

8
7

0
0

0
0
0
0

15

3
1
0

22
125
2
53
0
13
0

18
0
0

0
0
0

7
0

11

3
464

0
20

0
11

- 49 -

0
388

0
4
0
54
22
0

0
76

11
114

11
167

31
18

157
1

18
830
4
482
0

24

0
0

10
0

0
155

180

359

1530

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

UNIDENTIFIED HERONS AND EGRETS Ardeidae


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
241

241

1989

2
0
0
0
18000
0
147
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

6
0

12

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
6
10
15
0
0
0

6
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

190

0
18149

0
190

0
0

0
31

0
0
0
1000
0

0
22
0
4
15

0
46
0
0
0

40
327
0
0
0

500
0

50
0

0
0

553

96

373

0
1000

PAINTED STORK Mycteria leucocephala*


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
17

0
0
#
0
264

20

264

1989

0
0
0
2
90
0
319
25

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

1
22

0
0

0
0

16
0

0
0

6
0

0
2
0
0

83

0
0
0

0
0
0
369
0
0
0

4
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
440

0
89

0
0

0
375

*Status: Near threatened.

- 50 -

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
38
18

0
9
145
783
0

8
1203
0
1109
0

0
0

0
0

200

79

953

2520

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

ASIAN OPENBILL Anastomus oscitans


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
370

1000
0
#
15
303

21

16

407

1322

1989

6
0
1500
94
13
0
691
8

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
10

1000
0

0
0

5
0

0
0

0
0

184

75
0
0

0
18
0
614
0
0
0

5
0
0

0
0
80

0
0

215

0
2532

11
275

0
75

0
1632

0
0
0
0
510
0

0
510

6
2
0
678
8

16
47
0
880
3

28
300
7
1937
0

37
0

18
0

0
700

722

971

2983

WHITE-NECKED STORK Ciconia episcopus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
10

0
0
#
1
1

12

13

14

1989

3
0
0
54
26
0
4
3

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

22

12

4
0
0

0
4
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

14

0
104

12
46

0
4

- 51 -

0
4

0
1
0
0
0
0

0
1

14
6
0
0
2

18
19
0
0
0

14
112
0
0
0

1
0

0
0

0
0

27

37

129

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

ORIENTAL WHITE STORK Ciconia ciconia


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
75

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
75

0
0
0
0
1
0

0
1

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

BLACK-NECKED STORK Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus*


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
1
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

Status: Near threatened.

- 52 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

LESSER ADJUTANT STORK Leptoptilos javanicus*


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
6
0

0
0

0
0

0
3

*Status: Vulnerable.

UNIDENTIFIED STORKS Ciconiidae


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

2
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

- 53 -

0
0

0
0
0
25
0
0

0
25

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

ORIENTAL WHITE IBIS Threskiornis melanocephalus*


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
8

0
3
#
0
233

16

238

1989

0
0
0
51
14
0
80
40

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

11

23
0

13
4

0
0

0
26
0
0

45

15

0
0
0

0
7
0
86
0
0
0

6
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

75

0
266

0
60

0
0

0
93

0
0
0
0
201
0

0
227

16

30
12
0
125
12

36
11
0
450
2

28
247
0
399
0

10

199

539

721

12

*Status: Near threatened.

BLACK IBIS Pseudibis papillosa


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
8

0
3
#
5
0

1989

0
0
0
2
5
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
3
0
49
0
0
0

20
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

26

0
53

0
0

0
0

- 54 -

0
52

0
0
0
108
12
0

0
120

8
6
0
0
5

28
31
6
42
12

0
301
17
61
0

32
0

0
0

51

119

379

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

GLOSSY IBIS Plegadis falcinellus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
8

0
0
#
4
11

15

1989

0
0
0
0
31
0
14
48

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

25
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
93

0
0

16
41

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
1
102
0
0
0

2
4
0
0
19

32
97
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

103

25

129

0
0

WHITE SPOONBILL Platalea leucorodia


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

23

0
128

0
6
#
0
39

154

45

1989

0
0
0
14
216
0
180
6

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

1
0

4
0

0
0

0
60
0
0

12

0
0
0

0
0
0
64
0
0
0

1
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
417

0
12

0
0

- 55 -

0
64

0
0
0
34
4
0

0
98

12

4
70
0
0
0

0
3
0
19
0

0
60
0
6
0

0
0

0
0

0
40

74

23

122

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

GREATER FLAMINGO Phoenicopterus roseus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
7

0
0
#
75
2000

13

2088

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
5300
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

154

2332

0
0
0

0
0
0
3985
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
5300

0
2486

0
0

0
3985

0
0
0
0
311
0

0
311

5
15
0
8219
0

0
0
0
6724
0

0
0
0
15000
0

0
0

0
0

8239

6724

15000

LESSER FLAMINGO Phoenicopterus minor*


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
150

150

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

653

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
653

0
0

*Status: Near threatened.

- 56 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
65
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
100
0

0
0

0
0

65

101

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

UNIDENTIFIED FLAMINGOS Phoenicopteridae


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

5000

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
5000

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
6
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

LARGE WHISTLING-DUCK Dendrocygna bicolor


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

12

0
14

0
0

0
0

- 57 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
4
0

0
4

1000

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

200

1200

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

LESSER WHISTLING-DUCK Dendrocygna javanica


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
47

300
0
#
0
0

52

55

352

1989

0
0
16
0
155
100
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

209

222
0

0
0

47
0

0
0
0
0

250
0
0

0
0
4
0
0
14
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

1070

0
1341

0
0

0
250

0
65

0
0
0
3
0
0

0
3

3000

0
98
0
0
0

609
4
0
0
17

40
6
13
0
0

7
0

90
0

314

942

3065

BAR-HEADED GOOSE Anser indicus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
671

9
9
#
28
3

671

102

1989

0
0
0
0
1462
0
11
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

72

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
53
0

0
32
0

0
0

663

0
2189

0
104

0
0

- 58 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
418
0
0
187

12
25
0
0
268

100
72
52
0
0

45
0

328
0

650

637

228

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

RUDDY SHELDUCK Tadorna ferruginea


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

2
1400

0
0
#
268
3

1407

344

1989

9
0
0
21
1050
0
33
45

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

3
0

0
0

0
19
0
0

29
0
0

2
70
0
0
0
0
0

1
0
2

0
0
0

0
0

29
1164

5
0

0
29

0
72

0
14
0
79
0

0
12
182
0
0
0

45
191
0
0
0

18
564
8
0
0

20

0
0

0
0

212

256

590

0
112

COMMON SHELDUCK Tadorna tadorna


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

72

0
0
0

0
0
0
400
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
72

0
0

- 59 -

0
400

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

50

50

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

COMB DUCK Sarkidiornis melanotos


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
32

0
2
#
13
0

46

17

1989

0
0
0
3
754
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
7

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
3

0
0

0
0
0
0

28
0
0

16
0
0
200
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
757

0
0

0
28

0
216

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
48
0
0
2

0
27
0
0
114

0
50
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

57

141

59

0
0

COTTON TEAL Nettapus coromandelianus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

260

55
688

0
0
#
257
198

48

30

75

1126

485

1989

80
0
6
23
431
28
410
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
58

0
50

0
30

104

75
0

31
47

21
0

0
0
0
0

6
0
0

21
0
0
733
0
489
0

506
0
0

0
0
250

0
0

117

45
1646

0
250

0
6

- 60 -

0
1264

0
0
0
0
125
103

0
228

20
82
0
148
59

0
53
0
0
197

0
500
7
169
0

163

3
0

165
0

0
700

474

546

1647

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

EURASIAN WIGEON Anas penelope


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

160

110
825

0
0
#
2
274

18

1113

277

1989

0
0
0
45
77
0
2485
480

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
216
0

0
12

170
0

0
0

0
0

0
20

0
0

0
0
0
0

1950

0
160
0

0
0
0
376
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
3087

0
1950

0
160

3
595

0
85
0
421
0

600

80
971
0
0
588

197
6
0
0
380

60
2
14
0
0

0
506

0
0

750
0

30

1651

1510

726

GADWALL Anas strepera


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
309

0
0
#
212
209

309

430

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
29
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
72

0
41

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

90

0
0
0

200
4
0
0
10
83
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

2465

0
2494

0
90

0
0

- 61 -

0
367

0
0
0
25
0
81

0
106

3000

0
0
0
6
0

6
3
0
0
0

0
50
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

47

3084

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

COMMON TEAL Anas crecca


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

360

35
1480

0
17
#
215

1989

0
0
122
648
111

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

60
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

7
450

0
0

0
14

0
0

635

0
5

1269

96

229

125

10
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0

550

1298
3972

0
9

0
14

2096

1096

0
0
0

20
0

0
1289

0
6
0
34
260
20

0
320

0
50
101

600
356
8074

107
56

0
62
0
1038
0

10

49

10
0

0
0

2000

384

1110

11941

405
0

MALLARD Anas platyrhynchos


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

- 62 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
3
0
0
0

0
4
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

SPOT-BILLED DUCK Anas poecilorhyncha


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

240

0
1259

0
0
9
151
483

66

222

49

1614

865

1989

0
13
6

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

?1
0

0
0
0

6
12

0
0

0
5

21

20
0

0
50

0
0

0
0
0
0

24
367
0

0
250
62
0
0
13
0

237
197
0
200
0
2
161
0
0

0
0
0

99
0

61

201
1078

0
3

0
1831

0
325

0
15
0
5
75
0

0
95

29
358
0
3312
13

201
172
0
5815
8

260
287
82
1142
0

37

44

25

0
0

8
0

250

3788

6268

2019

NORTHERN PINTAIL Anas acuta


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

1989

?4
0

0
0
5

150
1952

0
54
1013
1397
367

343

893

192

2637

3728

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
521
0

29
400

270
0

0
0

0
0

0
80

0
0

0
0

5199

200
4725
0

54
0
52
1619

0
0
0

57
0

0
195
0

3907

1046
24128

0
5199

0
4982

4777
777
528
6935
0
1900
4233
0
20

0
0
0

- 63 -

0
2441

0
300
0
82
310
0

0
692

500

1840
553
40
17523
1631

532
473
0
0
367

362
1351
43
124
0

200

287

41

3095
0

637
0

100

25311

2566

2601

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

GARGANEY Anas querquedula


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

115

225

40
161

10000
0
#
160
1689

33

20

88

437

12094

1989

0
294
2000
1538
176
247
3319
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
8
0

0
6

20
0

180
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

102
0
0

0
52
80
0
0
354
0

1203
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

210

333
9320

0
0

0
102

0
494

0
0
0
12
36

24
27
0
18
93

71
17
17
0
21

260
51
26
201
0

15

60

52

0
0

0
0

183

215

770

0
48

NORTHERN SHOVELLER Anas clypeata


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

2919

75
829

5000
0
#
218
405

47

38

951

8580

1989

0
3250
150
414
78
126
259
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
42
0

0
29

0
0

0
50

13

0
2000

31
1500

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
51
0
0

0
0
74
218
0
61
0

6
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

1019

251
5553

0
0

0
51

- 64 -

0
393

0
3
0
132
1200
11

0
1346

7000

57
12
0
2674
64

112
242
0
4185
5

62
1306
29
18396
0

1541

32

0
0

323
0

1000

2849

8408

29406

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

RED-CRESTED POCHARD Netta rufina


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
232

20
0
#
313
263

62

38

294

634

1989

0
0
2
350
59
766
381
900

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

5
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
3
265
1000
0
0

2
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

7450

323
10233

0
0

0
0

0
1698

0
0
0
8
45
0

0
53

4000

50
2
0
72
1387

12
76
0
49
162

8
1401
11
0
0

86

54

1540
0

802
0

200

3207

1101

5679

COMMON POCHARD Aythya ferina


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

98

0
418

0
0
#
653
615

17

20

533

1288

1989

0
0
2
0
58
41
2573
4500

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

160
0

0
0

0
34

0
0

0
0
0
0

150

0
0
0

9
0
0
3
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

1973

5
9152

0
150

0
0

- 65 -

0
12

0
55
0
248
30
15

0
348

0
6
0
50
0

23
510
0
0
0

34
62
0
392
0

340

182

100
0

585
0

182

156

1458

1046

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

FERRUGINOUS DUCK Aythya nyroca*


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
53

0
0
#
4
2

53

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
4

0
0

0
0

0
0

18
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
2
0
0

200

100

250
0

0
0

254

200

120

*Status: Near threatened.

TUFTED POCHARD Aythya fuligula


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
889

0
0
#
455
942

41

937

1401

1989

0
0
0
0
0
17
1607
120

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
2970

0
30

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
11

0
0

0
0
0
0

266

0
0
0

0
0
0
1165
715
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

3367

10
5121

0
266

0
0

- 66 -

0
4850

0
0
0
10
75
0

0
85

0
128
0
3
0

20
4
0
0
0

0
6
0
169
0

20

368
0

80
0

150

529

104

356

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

UNIDENTIFIED GEESE & DUCKS Anatidae


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
150

0
0
#
0

164
300
0
521
1700
2000
43550
100

9800
0

10

150

1989

9810

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
5
0

83
198

0
0

15
0

202
2100

0
0

0
5001
0

0
169

5500

15
1000
0

2000
136
0
1600
0
225
0

149
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

100

110
48694

0
5669

0
1015

0
3966

0
600
0
11700
51
0

0
17351

4000

2020
2500
0
5533
1700

370
656
0
0
300

800
1184
1500
12635
0

115

13000
0

6304
0

1500

25035

7630

24051

COMMON CRANE Grus grus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
50

0
0
#
0
0

361

411

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

- 67 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

DEMOISELLE CRANE Grus virgo


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
100

0
100
#
5705
0

100

5805

1989

0
0
0
0
400
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
400

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

4
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

BAILLONS CRAKE Porzana pusilla


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

2
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
2

- 68 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

BROWN CRAKE Amaurornis akool


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
1
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

WHITE-BREASTED WATERHEN Amaurornis phoenicurus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
1
0
0
0
4
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
2
0

6
23

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
6

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
2
0
0
0

2
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

10

0
17

0
0

0
0

- 69 -

0
4

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
1
0
0
0

10
28
0
0
0

10
8
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

35

46

31

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

WATERCOCK Gallicrex cinerea


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

17
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
18

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
6
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

MOORHEN Gallinula chloropus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
6

0
0
#
0
34

13

47

1989

0
0
2
10
2
21
39
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

11

0
0
0

1
30

0
0

0
0

27

9
30

12
9

0
0

0
0
0
0

4
0
0

0
0
0
55
0
0
0

4
0
0

0
0
0

1
0

24

0
102

0
3

0
16

- 70 -

0
55

0
0
0
0
28
0

0
28

0
3
0
75
0

0
1
0
270
5

0
19
0
326
0

83

22

2
0

0
0

0
40

138

398

428

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

PURPLE MOORHEN Porphyrio porphyrio


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

10

0
94

2
0
#
64
0

12

21

115

88

1989

2
0
12
4
11
0
23
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

38

11
78

25
0

0
0
0

7
0

0
0

90
0
0

0
176
0
6
0
0
0

27
0
5

0
0
50

35
0

28

0
112

0
50

0
125

0
0
0
0
0

150

0
196
0
0
4

8
163
0
0
14

12
104
0
0
0

110

116

0
0

0
0

4
0

50

238

388

457

0
189

COMMON COOT Fulica atra


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

198

0
226

300
0
#
782
1159

167

46

272

2606

1989

21
335
26

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1000
347
250

140
320

0
50

180
50

60

15
225

62
460

40
0

0
0

32

131
0
0

3000
58
0
36

0
0
0

0
0

0
194
0

334

532
4823

65
97

0
131

190
1356
560
282
0
10
237
0
640

0
0
0

- 71 -

0
4925

0
30
0
7
72
150

0
259

10

0
19
0
121
190

12
1660
0
247
241

98
2241
2
979
0

239

291

705
0

1098
0

300

1555

3787

4673

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

PHEASANT-TAILED JACANA Hydrophasianus chirurgus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
1

0
0
#
21
100

14

46

32

47

167

1989

14
37
16
3
15
0
91
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
177

0
0

0
0

10

8
0

14
0

5
0

0
0
0
0

26
0
0

0
20
0
41
0
11
0

73
0
0

0
0
0

39
0

18

0
267

0
0

0
65

0
77

0
0
0
0
0
16

0
16

200

0
10
0
4
0

0
14
0
0
1

0
6
0
0
0

254

202

0
0

0
0

75

201

277

497

BRONZE-WINGED JACANA Metopidius indicus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

20

0
2

5
0
#
0
2

20

47

1989

11
0
8
0
18
0
3
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
20

0
0

0
0

28

22
0

15
0

13
0

0
0
0
0

12
0
0

0
6
0
0
0
0
0

12
0
0

0
0
0

24
0

0
58

0
0

0
36

- 72 -

0
19

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

200

0
6
0
0
0

0
2
0
0
4

0
7
0
0
0

77

31

0
0

3
0

60

54

108

313

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

UNIDENTIFIED JACANAS Jacanidae


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
4

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

PAINTED SNIPE Rostratula benghalensis


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0
2

1989

0
0
0
38
0
0
2
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

2
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
40

0
0

0
0

- 73 -

0
0

0
0
0
85
0
0

0
85

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
6
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

10

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

BLACK-WINGED STILT Himantopus himantopus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

35
11

0
2
19
19
264

49

67

12

107

371

1989

5
53
12
367
34
0
1969
4

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

75
3
125

22
200

0
50

9
40

0
0

0
3

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

254

40
5
0

30
23
0
475
0
30
0

368
93
50

0
66
0

56
0

73

48
2986

0
320

0
101

0
731

0
83
0
204
746
0

0
1033

84

162
91
0
97
43

72
121
7
299
0

141
32
55
171
0

81

3
0

41
0

166

618

590

882

AVOCET Recurvirostra avosetta


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
2

1989

0
0
2
0
0
0
852
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

10
0

0
0

0
0

0
150
0
0

600

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
854

0
600

0
0

- 74 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
150

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

35

10

35

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

GREAT STONE-PLOVER Esacus recurvirostris


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
6
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

26
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
26

0
2

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

6
0
0
0
0

6
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

ORIENTAL PRATINCOLE Glareola maldivarum


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
1

0
0
#
6
6

12

1989

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

- 75 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

34
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

34

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

LITTLE PRATINCOLE Glareola lactea


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
12

0
0
#
72
5

12

79

1989

200
0
0
47
40
0
7
10

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

70
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

5
0
0
1
0
0
0

2
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

58

0
364

0
0

0
0

0
6

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
27
0
0
4

97
15
0
0
0

0
6
0
0
0

13

3
0

0
0

47

112

76

YELLOW-WATTLED LAPWING Vanellus malabaricus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
7

0
0
2
0
0

23

13

23

25

1989

0
0
0
16
1
7
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
25

4
0

0
2

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

5
0
2
0
0
6
0

1
0
0

0
0
0

3
0

11

0
36

0
0

0
3

- 76 -

0
13

0
0
0
0
3
0

0
3

6
4
0
23
2

49
7
0
23
0

18
1
0
0
0

10

0
0

0
0

12

69

79

44

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

RED-WATTLED LAPWING Vanellus indicus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
103

2
6
#
93
8

38

98

143

207

1989

6
7
0
19
89
0
18
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
9
0

6
6

8
0

11
0

0
50

1
6

4
0

0
0
0
0

68
2
0

17
76
0
13
0
16
0

71
0
2

0
0
0

40
0

66

10
288

0
0

3
113

0
135

0
2
0
50
2
0

0
54

56
73
0
3
6

63
81
0
0
3

46
104
0
225
0

171

58

4
0

0
0

150

158

373

601

PACIFIC GOLDEN PLOVER Pluvialis fulva


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
187
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

14

0
0

9
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

39

0
0
0

0
0
0
28
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
187

0
39

0
0

- 77 -

0
28

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
135
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

149

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

GREY PLOVER Pluvialis squatarola


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
22

22

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
4
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
2
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
4

0
0

0
0

0
2

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
2
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

LITTLE RINGED PLOVER Charadrius dubius


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
19

0
1
4
23
76

97

29

41

157

133

1989

0
8
3
25
13
0
121
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

14
5

0
20

209
0

76
2

60
0

0
0
0
0

34
0
0

10
4
0
3
0
7
0

29
0
0

0
0
0

10
0

72

71
342

0
0

0
44

- 78 -

0
84

0
60
0
0
0
10

0
70

18
1
0
38
6

40
55
0
19
4

25
9
0
4
0

17

0
0

0
0

100

72

354

253

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

KENTISH PLOVER Charadrius alexandrinus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
2

0
0
#
15
16

51

59

33

1989

0
6
1
81
30
0
27
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

54
0

0
0

0
0

25
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
15
0
0
0

2
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
147

0
0

0
0

0
69

0
40
0
0
0
0

0
40

60
0
0
70
0

0
4
0
0
0

0
4
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

133

30

MONGOLIAN PLOVER Charadrius mongolus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
3
#
0
38

41

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
5
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
26
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
5

0
0

0
0

- 79 -

0
26

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
40
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

40

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

GREATER SAND PLOVER Charadrius leschenaultii


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
1

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
68
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

68

0
0

BLACK-TAILED GODWIT Limosa limosa


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

13

13
8

0
0
#
0
102

36

162

1989

0
0
0
35
0
0
1
40

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

30
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

471

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
76

0
471

0
0

- 80 -

0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0

0
31

28
32
0
1237
85

0
2
0
0
0

8
0
0
13
0

0
0

0
0

20

1382

41

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

WHIMBREL Numenius phaeopus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
2

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

EURASIAN CURLEW Numenius arquata


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
3

0
0
#
0
13

13

1989

0
0
2
0
0
0
15
4

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

3
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

274

0
0
0

0
0
0
5
0
0
0

0
7
0

0
64
0

0
0

7
35

0
338

0
0

- 81 -

0
8

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

49

49

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

SPOTTED REDSHANK Tringa erythropus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
24

24

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
2
0
0
0
0
0

0
7
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
8

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
9
0
0
0

0
17
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

17

0
2

REDSHANK Tringa totanus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

6
14

0
0
#
0
13

25

49

13

1989

0
0
2
0
12
0
5
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
30

3
0

0
0

0
0

17
0

0
0

2
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
2
3
0
0
0

15
72
0

0
0
0

0
0

14

0
120

0
0

0
0

- 82 -

0
5

0
36
0
3
12
0

0
68

30
2
0
17
2

42
10
0
0
0

22
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

81

61

26

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

MARSH SANDPIPER Tringa stagnatilis


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

6
9

0
0
#
5
7

16

34

12

1989

0
3
0
1
2
0
3240
1

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

3
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

3
0
0

0
0
19
47
0
0
0

6
0
0

0
0
0

4
0

0
3253

0
0

0
7

0
66

0
23
0
0
0
0

0
23

0
1
0
54
0

61
10
1
0
0

0
7
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

16

56

82

25

GREENSHANK Tringa nebularia


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

15
16

0
2
#
9
14

17

36

42

1989

0
2
2
20
24
0
4
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

4
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

14
0

0
0

3
0

0
0

4
0
0

0
0
1
1
0
0
0

9
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

4
67

0
0

0
4

- 83 -

0
2

0
30
0
0
0
0

0
44

2
2
1
16
25

5
10
0
0
1

36
0
1
0
0

1
0

0
0

51

21

40

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

GREEN SANDPIPER Tringa ochropus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

7
8

300
0
#
14
14

18

33

334

1989

0
0
1
2
7
0
6
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

4
0

0
0

2
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

21
0
44
1
0
16
0

29
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
45

0
0

0
0

0
82

0
0
0
2
5
0

0
7

1
18
12
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
4
2
12
0

3
0

0
0

45

23

WOOD SANDPIPER Tringa glareola


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

8
31

0
1
132
16
13

93

33

64

196

195

1989

0
34
2
133
24
10
71
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

2
0

0
0

17
0

0
2

2
1

0
0

14

14
0
0

6
8
78
3
0
24
0

49
0
0

0
0
0

8
0

106

25
454

0
14

0
22

- 84 -

0
119

0
0
0
6
0
0

0
23

0
2
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0

0
15
0
31
0

10

0
0

0
0

28

15

90

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

TEREK SANDPIPER Xenus cinereus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
3

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
1

0
6

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

COMMON SANDPIPER Actitis hypoleucos


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

2
8

15
2
3
10
41

108

134

126

205

1989

6
11
0
41
18
1
33
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

7
30

7
0

0
20

0
0

42
0

0
4

2
2

0
11

16
2
0

12
3
13
11
0
10
0

44
0
20

0
0
22

15
0

144

0
317

0
12

0
33

- 85 -

0
49

0
4
0
50
1091
0

0
1187

0
9
3
736
1

1
7
1
6798
0

77
4
11
114
0

29

3
0

2
0

30

795

6829

291

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

PINTAIL SNIPE Gallinago stenura


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

1989

0
0

0
0

0
0
#
0
0
2

0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

12
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0

11

0
11

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
36
0

0
36

0
0
0
0
0

0
2
0
436
0

0
0
0
4
0

0
0

0
0

450

13

COMMON SNIPE Gallinago gallinago


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
24

0
0
#
0
11

30

16

1989

0
33
2
4
14
0
3
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

38
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

21
0
0

0
0
5

0
0

10

6
93

0
5

2
40

- 86 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
12
0

0
12

28
6
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

18
1
0
15
0

0
0

0
0

34

39

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

JACK SNIPE Lymnocryptes minimus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

30
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

30

0
0

LITTLE STINT Calidris minuta


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

290
100

0
7
136
102
233

490

194

110

990

672

1989

0
1
3
185
15
0
2213
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

2500

2
0
0

370
0
22
1395
0
35
0

156
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

97

120
2790

0
2500

0
2

- 87 -

0
1822

0
70
0
0
0
0

0
70

100
0
9
6300
2

82
56
30
0
0

174
20
0
2035
0

100

10

36

0
0

0
0

2000

6509

178

4265

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

TEMMINCKS STINT Calidris temminckii


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

30
0

0
0
#
12
22

12

42

34

1989

0
0
0
0
60
0
14
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
74

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

DUNLIN Calidris alpina


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

1
0

0
0
#
0
0

10

11

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
11
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
11

0
0

0
0

- 88 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

CURLEW SANDPIPER Calidris ferruginea


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

18

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
5
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
17
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

23

RUFF Philomachus pugnax


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
6

0
0
#
5
6

11

11

1989

0
0
0
25
49
0
25
140

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

2
0
0

0
0
0
21
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
239

0
0

0
2

- 89 -

0
21

0
0
4
0
0
0

0
4

0
134
0
150
4

0
40
0
0
0

0
6
0
104
0

0
0

0
0

288

40

110

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

UNIDENTIFIED SHOREBIRDS Charadriidae


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
18530

18530

1989

1065
0
0
50
0
200
20918
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

30
0

0
0

4
0

0
0

1000
0

1050

1000
0

635
0

0
0

0
15210

25
0
0

0
0
0
300
0
0
0

6
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
22239

0
15210

0
25

0
300

0
200
0
1517
0
0

0
2717

400
4209
0
6900
0

200
32
0
1370
0

200
273
0
1120
0

10

7
0

500
0

2000

12596

3112

4232

HERRING GULL Larus argentatus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

- 90 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
48
0

0
0
0
647
0

0
0
0
35
0

0
0

0
0

50

48

647

85

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

GREAT BLACKHEADED GULL Larus ichthyaetus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
16
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
16

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

BROWN-HEADED GULL Larus brunnicepahlus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

28

0
0

0
0
#
1
112

148

1989

0
36
2

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

6
6

0
0

0
4

0
0

116

0
0
0

0
0
0
24
0
0
0

0
3
0
199
0
50
4
751
0

0
1135
0

8
0

30

0
1075

0
1251

0
8

- 91 -

0
24

0
0
0
0
1
0

0
1

0
0
0
55
0

0
0
0
110
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

55

110

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

BLACK-HEADED GULL Larus ridibundus


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
12
187

204

1989

0
0
0
0
2
0
29
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

11
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
91
0
0
0

3
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
34

0
3

0
0

0
91

0
0
0
0
21
0

0
32

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
44
0

0
6
0
60
0

0
0

0
0

150

44

216

WHISKERED TERN Chlidonias hybrida


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
13

0
0
#
0
47

13

47

1989

0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
8

500

0
0
0

0
0
0
25

0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0

2
800

0
508

0
0

0
0
3
765
0
30
0
0
0

- 92 -

0
25

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

4
0
0
45
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
62
0

0
0

0
0

70

49

132

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

GULL-BILLED TERN Gelochelidon nilotica


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
7

0
0
#
0
9

10

1989

0
0
0
0
1
1
30
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

131

0
0
0

0
0
0
8
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
30
0

0
0

0
32

0
161

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
30
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

32

0
8

CASPIAN TERN Sterna caspia


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
27

27

1989

6
0
0
0
0
0
25
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

4
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
3
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
31

0
0

0
0

- 93 -

0
3

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
2
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
15
0

0
0

0
0

21

40

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

INDIAN RIVER TERN Sterna aurantia


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

1
3

0
0
#
3
64

69

1989

0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

1
0

2
5

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
2

0
25

0
0
0

0
0
0
36

0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
149

0
25

0
0

0
89
0
42
0
1
0
0
15

0
36

0
0
0
2
573
0

0
577

0
0
0
43
6

0
4
6
366
4

0
10
0
189
0

2
0

0
0

52

397

212

COMMON TERN Sterna hirundo


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

25
0
#
0
1

26

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

- 94 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

6
0
0
25
0

0
0

0
0

31

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

BLACK-BELLIED TERN Sterna acuticauda*


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
3
#
3
13

19

1989

0
0
0
1
15
0
6
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
16

0
0
0

11
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
23

0
16

0
0

0
0
0
1
0

0
2
0
0
4

8
0
2
0
2

6
0
0
136
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

12

142

0
11

*Status: Near threatened.

LITTLE TERN Sterna albifrons


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
0
0

1989

0
0
15
0
0
0
254
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

1
0

0
0

100

0
0
0

0
0
0
11
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
269

0
100

0
0

- 95 -

0
11

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

25

0
0
0
86
0

0
0
0
69
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

86

69

26

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

UNIDENTIFIED GULLS & TERNS Laridae


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
0

0
0
#
5
223

228

1989

600
0
0
0
61
0
1536
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

100
0

2500
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
6
0
2000
0
0
0

2
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
2219

0
0

0
0

0
2006

0
1
0
25
16
0

0
42

0
0
0
106
0

0
0
0
0
4

0
0
0
1508
0

0
0

0
0

300

107

104

4308

INDIAN SKIMMER Rynchops albicollis


District

Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
Cuddapah
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasham
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Vishakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Miscellaneous Sites
Total

1987

1988

0
9

0
0
#
2
0

1989

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

- 96 -

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

TOTAL ANNUAL POPULATION OF WATERFOWL AT CENSUS


SITES
Site
Alluru Tank
Amangal Tank
Ananthasagar
Annaparru
Appapuram
Ardasu Cheruvu
Aruru Tank
Asvaraopalli Tank
B.H.E.L. Tank
Bachpalli Tank
Bahuda Reservoir
Balambidu Irrigation Tank
Balanagar Tank
Bapatla Seashore1
Bhadrakali Tank
Bhimasinghi
Bhongir Tank
Bibinagar Cheruvu
Bodabanda Tank
Chennuru Tank
Chevuru Tank
Chinna Balanagar Tank
Chinna Kanjarla Tank
Chinnatippa Samudram
Chinnatumbulum Tank
Chitluru Tank
Choutapally Tank
Chowdarpalli
Chunduru Tank2
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary
Damara Cheruvu3
Dechavaram
Devarkadra Tank
Devuni Cuddapah Tank
Dhaniyani Cheruvu
Dharmasagar
Dindi Reservoir
Dundigal Tank
Durug & Madhapur Tanks4
Edulabad Reservoir
Enigandla Cheruvu5
Fox Sagar6
Gangaram Tank
Ghanpur Tank
Gollapalli Reservoir
Gosamudram
Gudur Tank
Hayatnagar Cheruvu
Himayat Sagar
Hussain Sagar
Ibrahimpatan Tank
ICRISAT Asia Center
Inkriyal Tank
Ischarla Tank
Jadcherla
Jamalapuram Tank

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995
7926

1996

1810
398
74
193

61

522

77

129

324
609
2262
1

14
1940
695

5059
155

9
147
1117
3721
498

187

102
25

616
837

334

84

2984
239

2134

1217

1395

1416
5813

6699

112

500

1763
390
4834

307

1979

78
1256

102

109
11080
91

64
14389

17
16775

3594

82
660
1237

1593
2030

1292
30
27
699

558
414
6

331

1001
279

5 2225

180
280

3235
2556

115

216
597

213
427

87
71
440
180
136
10961

470

126

156
306

168

204
424

68
1402

354
122

10
1757

1821
1197
2234

387
3660
1344
890
350

835
13434

5677

265
4435
699
1363
179
3571
41

1179

476
883
225

2650

5556
2975
1076

729
804
10483
583
1865
72
72

- 97 -

447
3811
285

3590

5016
1865

2760
1970

2590
1636

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Site
Jannalaparra
Josephpetta Tank
Kakarapalli Creek
Kakinada Shore
Kalinga River
Kalingapatnam
Kambalapalli Cheruvu
Kanchikacherla Tank
Kandi Tank
Kanigiri Reservoir
Katakshapur Cheruvu
Katchapur Tank
Kesavaram Tank
Kodad Cheruvu
Kodi Cheruvu
Koil Sagar
Kolleru Lake
Kommuru
Kondakarla Lake
Kotapalli
Kothapet
Kottur Tank
Maasi Talab
Madannapeta Cheruvu
Maganur Tank
Mahbub Sagar
Makthal Tank
Malkapur Tank
Malle Cheruvu
Mallepalli (Tank S of)
Mamidi Cheruvu
Manair Project
Mangaram Cheruvu
Manigudem
Manjira Reservoir
Manthankodu Cheruvu
Mantoor Tank
Masab Tank
Medchal Tank
Miyapur & other Tanks7
Mudmal
Mulapalem Tank
Musi Dam
Musi Ring Road Bridge
Muttukuru Basin
Nacharam Tank
Nagarjunasagar
Nalla Cheruvu
Nandalur Tank
Nandigaon Tank
Nandikandi Cheruvu
Narsappaguda Tank
Nehru Zoo Park
Nellapattu Bird Sanctuary

Nellutla Cheruvu
Nirukula Cheruvu
Nizam Sagar
Ojili Tank8
Olvapala Tank
Osman Sagar

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1376

1265

1993

1994
15524

1995

1996

451
2911
1084
441
122

1509
412
129

121
2095

2455
15

72
757

2210
285
325
259
2611

2100
2131
135

152

1259

1951

366

334

1000

486
17112

3008
24373

1042
26062
34

530

1091

855
297

978
40
487
1198
993

17967
1061
252

430

8389
1390
800
372
228

1288
730

92
205
4012

1617

1636

606
446

57
667

2078

355
446

24819
224
1360

237
2
128

9
307

1265
2
108

1724
60

313
71
16902
1266

87
54

1499
12

1976

2778
392
1901
1053

29
337

117

188
4811

1887

3026

4985

1010
2750

5555
548

1011

2777

2163

100000

269

6604
365
2003
71

351

411

497

186
470

- 98 -

431

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Site
Pakhal Lake
Paladugu Tank
Palair Reservoir
Palmakole Tank
Parkal Tank

1987

1988

1989
417
319

888

517
4877

1055

2745
1400
598

1990
1485

1991

1992

1993

5932

5745
1693

Patha Cuddapah Cheruvu

Pedda Balanagar Tank


Pedda Cheruvu
Peddamma Kunta
Peddavarampadu Tank
Pendlipakala Tank
Pennaki Tank
Penner Reservoir
Pocharam Lake
Pulicat Bird Sanctuary
Ragapuram Tank
Ragi Tank
Raigir Tank
Ramanagudam Tank
Ramanna Tank
Returu Tank
Rishi Valley Tank
Rourial Tank9
Sangareddi Tank
Saroornagar Tank
Setty Gunta Tank
Shamirpet Tank
Sidhapuram
Singoor
Sriharikota Island
Sullurpet Marshes10
Surappa Cheruvu
Tada11
Talamudipi Tank
Tammadi Tank
Timmapur Tank
Tummalagudam Tank
Turkayamjal Lake

10000

9230
27702

2146

99

250

0
38629

1691

820

3232

38448

74601

7840

1685
5471

8803
46807

143

1024

4794
415

244

120

174

300

134
190
168
508

267
244
260

922
971

521

1087
9686

436

195

181
81

62522

5401

565
155

5401
45
88
162

325
334

474

5679
1661

252
21762
3699
7528
115
250

4709

1908
2737

275
95
112
632
78

350
67
104

208

195
11396

Urugonda Pedda Cheruvu

254

196
482

1266

130

Varagali Tank
Vedurupattu
Venkappa Cheruvu
Venkata Cheruvu
Venkatachalam Tank
Venkatapuram Tank
Vontimitta Tank
Waddepalli Tank
Warangal Tank
Yelchuru Tank
Yellareddi Cheruvu

Total Species

1996

0
4153

52
3500
55
620
59712
21
563
1960
853

4496
406
77

Uppal Tank
Uppalapadu

Total Sites14

1995

1605

University of Hyderabad12

Total Birds13

1994
51

699

1179
798
268
84
418

1107

542

1420

179
922
523
16

1320
1299
80
1370
79
3680

454

340
976

0
7943

183

83

2508

1125

134

429
20257

78490

231193

72714

101487

82352

101911

117859

208844

175014

78

90

96

56

44

74

67

85

80

88

12

23

99

26

- 99 -

32

43

50

36

48

39

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Legend:
9 = Sites for which figures are not available, but which have been counted, and appear in the AWB Report for
that year.
= Significant sites (criteria for selection = at least one count of over 5,000 birds).
Sites with a 0 against them denote a count done but no birds sighted in that year.
Sites with blank rectangles against them denote that a count was not done in that year.
1
Bapatla Seashore has been combined with Perali Poguru.
2
Chunduru Tank is also known as Tsunduru Tank.
3
Damara Cheruvu has been combined with Pedda Damara Cheruvu.
4
Durug Tank is also known as Durgamma Tank and Secret Lake.
5
Enigandla Cheruvu is also known as Pedda Cheruvu.
6
Fox Sagar is also known as Jeedimitla Lake.
7
Miyapur & other Tanks: Other Tanks are small village ponds in the vicinity of Miyapur tank.
8
Ojili Tank includes Ojili Tank 2.
9
Rourial is also known as Ravirala Tank.
10
Sullurpeta Marshes are also known as Kotha Cheruvu.
11
Tada includes Tada Heronry.
12
University of Hyderabad waterbody is also known as Figure of Eight Tank.
13
Does not include totals of sites marked thus 9 in the above table.
14
Does not include totals of sites marked thus 9 in the above table.

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

CHECKLISTS OF WATERFOWL OF ALL DISTRICTS COVERED IN THE


AWB CENSUS DURING 1987-1996
These checklists could contain waterfowl species that may not necessarily have been seen during the census.
Districts are arranged in an Alphabetical Order. [P] against a species denotes that its identification is doubtful.
ANANTAPUR DISTRICT

Little Egret Egretta garzetta


Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus

CHITTOOR DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Watercock Gallicrex cineria
[P]
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia

CUDDAPAH DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Little Green Heron Butorides striatus
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Black Stork Ciconia nigra
Oriental White Stork Ciconia ciconia
[P]
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos

Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus


Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
[P]
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia

EAST GODAVARI DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-egret Egretta sacra
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Common Teal Anas crecca
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Great Stone-Plover Esacus recurvirostris
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva
American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Terek Sandpiper Tringa cinerea
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda

GUNTUR DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Marbled Duck Marmaronetta angustirostris [P]
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Watercock Gallicrex cineria
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Oriental Pratincole Gareola maldivarum
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Little Tern Sterna albifrons

HYDERABAD DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis


Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Brown Crake Amaurornis akool
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia

KHAMMAM DISTRICT

Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger


Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus

KRISHNA DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Little Green Heron Butorides striatus
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Large Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Great Stone-Plover Esacus recurvirostris
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Redshank Tringa totanus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Little Tern Sterna albifrons

KURNOOL DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Black Stork Ciconia nigra
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Greylag Goose Anser anser
[P]

Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus


Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna [P]
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus
Great Stone-Plover Esacus recurvirostris
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis
Temminck'
s Stint Calidris temminckii
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
White-winged Black Tern Childonias leucopterus [P]

MAHBUBNAGAR DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina

- 103 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Great Stone-Plover Esacus recurvirostris
Oriental Pratincole Gareola maldivarum
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola [P]
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus [P]
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck'
s Stint Calidris temminckii
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus [P]

MEDAK DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus [P]
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Little Green Heron Butorides striatus
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis
Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
Lesser Adjutant Stork Leptoptilos javanicus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope

Gadwall Anas strepera


Common Teal Anas crecca
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Brown Crake Amaurornis akool
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Baillon'
s Crake Porzana pusilla
Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca
Watercock Gallicrex cineria
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
Common Crane Grus grus
Lesser Florican Eupodotis indica
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus
Great Stone-Plover Esacus recurvirostris
Oriental Pratincole Gareola maldivarum
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii
[P]
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck'
s Stint Calidris temminckii
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis

NALGONDA DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia

- 104 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus [P]
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus

NELLORE DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental Oriental White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Lesser Adjutant Stork Leptoptilos javanicus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor
Large Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos

Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus


Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Common Crane Grus grus
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Crab Plover Dromas ardeola
Indian Courser Cursorius coromandelicus
Oriental Pratincole Gareola maldivarum
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva
American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus
Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii
[P]
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus [P]
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii [P]
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Terek Sandpiper Tringa cinerea
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck'
s Stint Calidris temminckii
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus fuscus
Great Black-headed Gull Larus ichthyaetus
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei [P]
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Little Tern Sterna albifrons
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus

NIZAMABAD DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda

PRAKASHAM DISTRICT

Little Egret Egretta garzetta


Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Gadwall Anas strepera
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula

RANGAREDDI DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus

Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia


Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Black Stork Ciconia nigra
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
[P]
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Common Crane Grus grus
[P]
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus
Great Stone-Plover Esacus recurvirostris
Oriental Pratincole Gareola maldivarum
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva [P]
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck'
s Stint Calidris temminckii
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

SRIKAKULAM DISTRICT

Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis


Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Little Green Heron Butorides striatus
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus

VISHAKHAPATNAM DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Large Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea [P]
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia

WARANGAL DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Large Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Little Tern Sterna albifrons
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda

WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Lesser Adjutant Stork Leptoptilos javanicus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor
Large Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

CHECKLISTS OF WATERFOWL OF ALL SITES COVERED IN THE AWB CENSUS


DURING 1987-1996
These checklists may contain species that may not necessarily have been seen during the AWC fieldwork. The
sites are arranged in an Alphabetical Order.
ALLURU TANK Nellore District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Redshank Tringa totanus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos [P]
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
AMANGAL TANK Mahbubnagar District
Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)
Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger)
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)
Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea)
Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
Openbill Stork (Anastomus oscitans)
Spot-billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha)
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)
Garganey (Anas querquedula)
Shikra (Accipiter badius)
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
Common Coot (Fulica atra)
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus)
ANANTHASAGAR Medak District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Watercock Gallicrex cineria
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus

Small Pratincole Glareola lactea


Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Little Stint Calidris minuta
ANNAPARRU
List not available.
APPAPURAM Guntur District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
ARDASU CHERUVU Medak District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
ARURU Nellore District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax [P]
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura [P]
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
ASVARAOPALLI TANK
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Common Teal Anas crecca
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
BACHPALLI TANK Rangareddi District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
BAHUDA RESERVOIR Chittoor District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
BALAMBIDU IRRIGATION TANK
List not available.
BALANAGAR TANK Hyderabad District
List not available.
BAPATLA SEA SHORE Guntur District
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Common Teal Anas crecca
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
BHADRAKALI TANK Warangal District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata

Common Pochard Aythya ferina


Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
BHEL TANK Rangareddi District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
BHIMASINGHI Vishakhapatnam District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Large Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Little Stint Calidris minuta
BHONGIR TANK Nalgonda District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
BIBINAGAR CHERUVU Nalgonda District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Garganey Anas querquedula

- 110 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
BODABANDA TANK Rangareddi District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Great Stone-Plover Esacus recurvirostris
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Redshank Tringa totanus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Little Stint Calidris minuta
CHENNURU TANK Nellore District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck'
s Stint Calidris temminckii
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Little Tern Sterna albifrons
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
CHEVURU TANK Prakasham District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
CHINNA BALANAGAR TANK Hyderabad District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Little Stint Calidris minuta
CHINNA KANJARLA TANK Medak District
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Common Coot Fulica atra

CHINNATIPPA SAMUDRAM Chittoor District


Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
CHINNA TUMBULUM TANK Kurnool District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna [P]
Gadwall Anas strepera
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Great Stone-Plover Esacus recurvirostris
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
White-winged Black Tern Childonias leucopterus
CHITLURU TANK Cuddapah District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
CHOUTAPALLY TANK
List not available.
CHOWDARPALLI
List not available.
CHUNDURU TANK Guntur District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra

- 111 -

[P]

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
CORINGA WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
West Godavari District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Lesser Adjutant Stork Leptoptilos javanicus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor
Large Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
DAMARA CHERUVU Warangal District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus

Common Teal Anas crecca


Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Little Stint Calidris minuta
DECHAVARAM
List not available.
DEVARKADRA TANK Mahbubnagar District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Purple Mo orhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
DEVUNI CUDDAPAH TANK Cuddapah District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
DHANIYANI CHERUVU Anantapur District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii

- 112 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
DHARMASAGAR Warangal District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
DINDI RESERVOIR Mahbubnagar District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
DUNDIGAL TANK Medak District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus

Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis


Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
DURUG & MADHAPUR TANKS Rangareddi District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Garganey Anas querquedula
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
EDULABAD RESERVOIR Nalgonda District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
ENIGANDLA CHERUVU Mahbubnagar District
List not available.
FOX SAGAR Rangareddi District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula

- 113 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Oriental Pratincole Gareola maldivarum
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck'
s Stint Calidris temminckii
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
GANGARAM TANK Rangareddi District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
GHANPUR TANK Warangal District
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
GOLLAPALLI RESERVOIR Prakasham District
Gadwall Anas strepera
GOSAMUDRAM Medak District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia

Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus


Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Common Coot Fulica atra
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Little Stint Calidris minuta
GUDUR TANK Nellore District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii [P]
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
HAYATNAGAR CHERUVU Rangareddi District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
HIMAYAT SAGAR Rangareddi District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia

- 114 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
HUSSAIN SAGAR Hyderabad District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
IBRAHIMPATAN TANK Rangareddi District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea

Purple Heron Ardea purpurea


Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Common Crane Grus grus
[P]
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temmincks Stint Calidris temminckii
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
ICRISAT ASIA CAMPUS Medak District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus [P]
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Little Green Heron Butorides striatus
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
Lesser Adjutant Stork Leptoptilos javanicus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia

- 115 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Brown Crake Amaurornis akool
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Baillon'
s Crake Porzana pusilla
Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca
Watercock Gallicrex cineria
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck'
s Stint Calidris temminckii
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
INKRIYAL TANK Rangareddi District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina

Common Pochard Aythya ferina


Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
ISCHARLA TANK Warangal District
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
JADCHERLA Mahbubnagar District
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
JAMALAPURAM TANK
List not available.
JANNALAPARRA Guntur District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Redshank Tringa totanus

- 116 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
JOSEPHPETTA TANK Nellore District
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Tern Sterna albifrons
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
KAKARAPALLI CREEK
List not available.
KAKINADA SHORE East Godavari District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-egret Egretta sacra
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Common Teal Anas crecca
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Great Stone-Plover Esacus recurvirostris
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva
American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Terek Sandpiper Tringa cinerea
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
KALINGA RIVER
List not available.
KALINGAPATNAM Srikakulam District
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

Little Green Heron Butorides striatus


Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
KAMBALAPALLI CHERUVU Warangal District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
KANCHIKACHERLA TANK Guntur District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
KANDI TANK Medak District
List not available.
KANIGIRI RESERVOIR Prakasham District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
KATAKSHAPUR CHERUVU Warangal District
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta

- 117 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

KATCHAPUR TANK Warangal District


Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
KESAVARAM TANK Nellore District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Common Coot Fulica atra
Common Crane Grus grus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii
[P]
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Herring Gull Larus argentatus
[P]
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
[P]
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Little Tern Sterna albifrons
KODAD CHERUVU Nalgonda District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Common Coot Fulica atra
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
KODI CHERUVU Warangal District
List not available.
KOIL SAGAR Mahbubnagar District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta

Garganey Anas querquedula


Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus
Indian White-backed Vulture Gyps bengalensis
Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
KONDAKARLA LAKE Vishakhapatnam District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Great White Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond-heron Ardeola grayii
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Openbill Stork Anastomus oscitans
Lesser Whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
Baillon'
s Crake Porzana pusilla
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Common Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Tringa hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
River Tern Sterna aurantia
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
KOLLERU LAKE Krishna District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger

- 118 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Large Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Redshank Tringa totanus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Little Tern Sterna albifrons

Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus)


Pacific Golden Plover (Pluvialis fulva)
Pending
Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius)
Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus)
Common Redshank (Tringa totanus)
Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis)
Little Stint (Calidris minuta)
River Tern (Sterna aurantia)

KOMMURU
List not available.

MAASI TALAB
List not available.

KOTAPALLI Rangareddi District


Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger)
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)
Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea)
Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea)
Intermediate Egret (Egretta intermedia)
Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
Indian Pond-heron (Ardeola grayii)
Openbill Stork (Anastomus oscitans)
Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus)
Bar-headed Goose (Anser indicus)
Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea)
Cotton Pygmy-goose (Nettapus coromandelianus)
Common Teal [ssp] (Anas crecca)
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)
[P]
Spot-billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha)
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)
Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina)
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)
Purple Moorhen (Porphyrio porphyrio)
Common Coot (Fulica atra)
Greater Painted-snipe (Rostratula benghalensis)

MADANNAPET CHERUVU Warangal District


Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus

KOTHAPET Hyderabad District


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
[P]
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva [P]
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
KOTTUR TANK Rangareddi District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus

MAGANUR TANK Mahbubnagar District


Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Great Stone-Plover Esacus recurvirostris
Oriental Pratincole Gareola maldivarum
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola [P]
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus [P]
MAHBUB SAGAR Medak District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Gadwall Anas strepera
[P]
Common Teal Anas crecca
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
[P]
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Watercock Gallicrex cineria
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Redshank Tringa totanus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta

MAKTHAL TANK Mahbubnagar District


Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Indian Courser Cursorius coromandelicus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus [P]
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Redshank Tringa totanus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
MALKAPUR TANK Medak District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Gadwall Anas strepera
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Little Stint Calidris minuta
MALLE CHERUVU

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Coot Fulica atra
MALLEPALLI SOUTH
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
MAMIDI CHERUVU Medak District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
MANAIR PROJECT Nizamabad District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca

Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio


Common Coot Fulica atra
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Redshank Tringa totanus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
MANGARAM CHERUVU Nizamabad District
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
MANIGUDEM
List not available.
MANJIRA RESERVOIR Medak District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Watercock Gallicrex cineria
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus
Great Stone-Plover Esacus recurvirostris
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii
[P]
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
MANTHANKODU CHERUVU Mahbubnagar District
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
MANTOOR TANK Medak District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
MASAB TANK
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago

MIYAPUR & OTHER TANKS Rangareddi District


Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Gadwall Anas strepera
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
MULAPALEM TANK Guntur District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
MUSI DAM Nalgonda District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus[P]
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
MUSI RING-ROAD BRIDGE Hyderabad District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
MUTTUKURU BASIN Nellore District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Great Black-headed Gull Larus ichthyaetus
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
Little Tern Sterna albifrons
NACHARAM TANK Hyderabad District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
NAGARJUNASAGAR DAM Nalgonda District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Pariah Kite Milvus migrans
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
NALLA CHERUVU Rangareddi District

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis


Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
NANDALUR TANK Cuddapah District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Little Green Heron Butorides striatus
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
[P]
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
NANDIGAON TANK Mahbubnagar District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
NANDIKANDI CHERUVU Medak District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
NARSAPPAGUDA TANK
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
NEHRU ZOOLOGICAL PARK Hyderabad District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
NELLAPATTU BIRD SANCTUARY Nellore District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis


Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Common Crane Grus grus
[P]
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus [P]
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Redshank Tringa totanus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Little Tern Sterna albifrons
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
NELLUTLA CHERUVU
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Garganey Anas querquedula
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Coot Fulica atra
NIRUKULA CHERUVU Warangal District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha

- 124 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Garganey Anas querquedula
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
NIZAM SAGAR Nizamabad District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Teal Anas crecca
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
OJILI TANK Nellore District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Little Tern Sterna albifrons
OLVAPALA TANK Nellore District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Redshank Tringa totanus
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus

Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia


OSMAN SAGAR Rangareddi District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
PAKHAL LAKE Warangal District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Large Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
PALADUGU TANK
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Common Coot Fulica atra
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
PALAIR RESERVOIR Khammam District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
PALMAKOLE TANK Mahbubnagar District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck'
s Stint Calidris temminckii
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
PARKAL TANK Warangal District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica

Gadwall Anas strepera


Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
PATHA CUDDAPAH CHERUVU Cuddapah District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
PEDDA BALANAGAR TANK Hyderabad District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
PEDDA CHERUVU Mahbubnagar District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Little Stint Calidris minuta
PEDDAMMA KUNTA Warangal District
Indian Pond-heron (Ardeola grayii)
Black Ibis (Pseudibis papillosa)
Lesser Whistling-duck (Dendrocygna javanica)
Cotton Pygmy-goose (Nettapus coromandelianus)
Purple Moorhen (Porphyrio porphyrio)
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus)

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

PEDDAVARAMPADU TANK Cuddapah District


Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Gadwall Anas strepera
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
PENDLIPAKALA TANK Nalgonda District
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
PENNAKI TANK Nellore District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
PENNER RESERVOIR Nellore District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
POCHARAM LAKE Medak District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
Common Crane Grus grus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus

Oriental Pratincole Gareola maldivarum


Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck'
s Stint Calidris temminckii
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis
PULICAT BIRD SANCTUARY Nellore District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Lesser Adjutant Stork Leptoptilos javanicus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor
Large Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Crab Plover Dromas ardeola
Oriental Pratincole Gareola maldivarum
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus
Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii [P]
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura [P]
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Terek Sandpiper Tringa cinerea
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck'
s Stint Calidris temminckii
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus
Great Black-headed Gull Larus ichthyaetus
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei [P]
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Little Tern Sterna albifrons
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
RAGAPURAM TANK
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
RAGI TANK Nellore District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius [P]
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
RAIGIR TANK Nalgonda District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii

Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala


Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
RAMANAGUDAM TANK Warangal District
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
RAMANNA TANK Nellore District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
RETURU TANK Guntur District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Marbled Duck Marmaronetta angustirostris [P]
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Watercock Gallicrex cineria
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
RISHI VALLEY TANK Chittoor District

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Watercock Gallicrex cineria
[P]
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
ROURIAL TANK Rangareddi District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis [P]
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Black Stork Ciconia nigra
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
SANGAREDDI TANK Medak District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Common Coot Fulica atra
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus

SAROORNAGAR TANK Hyderabad District


Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Common Coot Fulica atra
SETTY GUNTA TANK Cuddapah District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula [P]
SHAMIRPET LAKE Rangareddi District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Redshank Tringa totanus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
SIDHAPURAM Kurnool District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans

- 129 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Greylag Goose Anser anser
[P]
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
SINGOOR Medak District
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Common Coot Fulica atra
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
SRIHARIKOTA ISLAND Nellore District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus

Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta


Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus fuscus
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Little Tern Sterna albifrons
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
SULLURPET MARSHES Nellore District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago [P]
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
SURAPPA CHERUVU
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Common Teal Anas crecca
Garganey Anas querquedula
TADA Nellore District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
TALAMUDIPI TANK Kurnool District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
TAMMIDI TANK Rangareddi District
Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)
Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger)
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)
Intermediate Egret (Egretta intermedia)
Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
Indian Pond-heron (Ardeola grayii)
Cotton Pygmy-goose (Nettapus coromandelianus)
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus)
Purple Moorhen (Porphyrio porphyrio)
Common Coot (Fulica atra)
Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus)
Common Sandpiper (Tringa hypoleucos)
TIMMAPUR TANK Mahbubnagar District
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
TUMMALAGUDAM TANK
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Common Coot Fulica atra
Whiskered Tern Childonias hybridus
TURKAYAMJAL LAKE Rangareddi District
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos

UNIVERSITY OF HYDERABAD Rangareddi District


Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Oriental White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
[P]
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Great Stone-Plover Esacus recurvirostris
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Redshank Tringa totanus
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
UPPAL TANK Hyderabad District
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
UPPALAPADU Guntur District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
UROGONDA PEDDA CHERUVU
List not available.
VARAGALI TANK Nellore District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea

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MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
VEDURUPATTU Nellore District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Eurasian Spoonbill Platelea leucorodia
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia
VENKAPPA CHERUVU
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Common Teal Anas crecca
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Little Stint Calidris minuta
VENKATA CHERUVU Medak District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Common Coot Fulica atra
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
VENKATACHALAM TANK Nellore District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea

Large Egret Casmerodius albus


Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna [P]
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
VENKATAPURAM TANK Medak District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Gadwall Anas strepera
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Coot Fulica atra
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
VONTIMITTA TANK Cuddapah District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Little Green Heron Butorides striatus [P]
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Oriental White Stork Ciconia ciconia
[P]
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Gadwall Anas strepera
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula [P]
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
WADDEPALLI TANK Warangal District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus

- 132 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)


Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Large Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Common Teal Anas crecca
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
WARANGAL TANK Warangal District
List not available.
YELCHURU TANK Guntur District
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Common Teal Anas crecca
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Little Tern Sterna albifrons
YELLAREDDI CHERUVU Nizamabad District
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Large Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Purple Moorhen Porphyrio porphyrio
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus

- 133 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

PARTICIPANTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.

Aasheesh Pttie
Ahmed Abdul Aziz
B. Anand Mohan
B. Dasarathi
B. Raghavendram
B. Rajendra
B. Veerabhadraiah
B.V. Seshagiri Rao
Balaji
Bharat Bhushan
C. Perennou
C. Tom Hash
C.R. Sarath
Ch. Srinivasa Rao
E. Narasimhulu
E.L. Narayana
G. Shankar
Geetha Iyer
H.R. Vidyashankar
Humayun Taher
J. Pani Devraj
J.C. Chennaiah
J.P. Doraraj
J.V. Ramana Rao
J.V.D. Moorty
J.V.R. Prasad
Jaya Kumar
Joel Prashant
K. Anjaiah
K. Mrutyunjaya Rao
K. Prakasa Rao
K. Ramana Kumar
K. Sreenivasulu
K. Srinivas
K. Srinivas Kumar
K.K. Mohapatra
K.N. Benarji
K.N. Ramanatha Rao
K.N. Sudhir Rao
K.P. Kumar
K.R. Rao
K.S. Rao
K.S.R. Krishna Raju
K.V. Ramana Murthy
Kaushal Gangakhedkar
Kishore Rao
M. Dasashanam
M. Harish
M. Raghuraman
M. Vinod Kumar
M.A. Waheed
M.M.L. Kumar
M.S. Kulkarni
Madras Naturalists Society
Manohar Reddy

56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.
89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.
97.
98.
99.
100.
101.
102.
103.
104.
105.
106.
107.
108.

Mary Peacock
Mohd. Azam
N. Vasantha Kumar
N. Venkateswarlu
N.S. Tyabji
Narasimham
Nigel Lindsey
P. Balakrishnaiah
P. Balu
P. Dilip Kumar
P. Guruprasad
P. Kannaiah
P. Sarath
P.V. Ramanjaneyulu
Parimi V. Patanjali
Prakash Rao
Pranay Waghray
R. Sekhar
Rajeev Mathew
Rajyashri S. Waghray
Ranjit Manakadan
Rishi Valley Bird Preserve
S. Ashok Kumar
S. Balachandran
S. Narayana Swamy
S. Ramakrishana
S. Rangaswami
S. Riyazuddin
S. Sreevatsa
S. Thyagarajan
S.B. Mathapathi
S.P. Reddy
S.V. Goutham Babu
Sarath Srinivas
Satyanarayana
Selvaraj
Siraj A. Taher
Suhel Quader
Surjit Bhujabal
Sushil Kapadia
Svati Totawar
T. Ganesh
T. Masthan
T. Samson
T.G. Kelly
V. Nagulu
V. Santharam
V. Vijaya Kumar
V.S. Meenakshi
Vasudeva Rao
Veda Vyas
Venkateshwara Rao
Vinay Totawar

- 134 -

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

APPENDIX 1: SITESDISTRICTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.

Alluru Tank - Nellore


Amangal Tank - Mahbubnagar
Ananthasagar - Medak
Annaparru
Appapuram - Guntur
Ardasu Cheruvu - Medak
Aruru Tank - Nellore
Asvaraopalli Tank
B.H.E.L. Tank - Rangareddi
Bachpalli Tank - Rangareddi
Bahuda Reservoir - Chittoor
Balambidu Irrigation Tank
Balanagar Tank - Hyderabad
Bapatla Seashore - Guntur
Bhadrakali Tank - Warangal
Bhimasinghi - Vishakhapatnam
Bhongir Tank - Nalgonda
Bibinagar Cheruvu - Nalgonda
Bodabanda Tank - Rangareddi
Chennuru Tank - Nellore
Chevuru tank - Prakasham
Chinna Balanagar Tank - Hyderabad
Chinna Kanjarla Tank - Medak
Chinnatippa Samudram - Chittoor
Chinnatumbulum Tank - Kurnool
Chitluru Tank - Cuddapah
Choutapally Tank
Chowdarpalli
Chunduru Tank - Guntur
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary - West
Godavari
Damara Cheruvu - Warangal
Dechavaram
Devarkadra Tank - Mahbubnagar
Devuni Cuddapah Tank - Cuddapah
Dhaniyani Cheruvu - Anantapur
Dharmasagar - Warangal
Dindi Reservoir - Mahbubnagar
Dundigal Tank - Medak
Durgug & Madhapur Tanks Rangareddi
Edulabad Reservoir - Nalgonda
Enigandla Cheruvu - Mahbubnagar
Fox Sagar - Rangareddi
Gangaram Tank - Rangareddi
Ghanpur Tank - Warangal
Gollapalli Reservoir - Prakasham
Gosamudram - Medak
Gudur Tank - Nellore
Hayatnagar Cheruvu - Rangareddi
Himayat Sagar - Rangareddi
Hussain Sagar - Hyderabad
Ibrahimpatan Tank - Rangareddi
ICRISAT Asia Centre - Medak
Inkriyal Tank - Rangareddi
Ischarla Tank - Warangal
Jadcherla - Mahbubnagar
Jamalapuram Tank
Jannalaparra - Guntur
Josephpetta Tank - Nellore
Kakarapalli Creek
Kakinada Shore - East Godavari
Kalinga River
Kalingapatnam - Srikakulam
Kambalapalli Cheruvu - Warangal
Kanchikacherla - Guntur
Kandi Tank - Medak
Kanigiri Reservoir - Nellore
Katakshapur Cheruvu - Warangal
Katchapur Tank - Warangal
Kesavaram Tank - Nellore

70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.
89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.
97.
98.
99.
100.
101.
102.
103.
104.
105.
106.
107.
108.
109.
110.
111.
112.
113.
114.
115.
116.
117.
118.
119.
120.
121.
122.
123.
124.
125.
126.
127.
128.
129.
130.
131.
132.
133.
134.
135.
136.
137.
138.
139.

Kodad Cheruvu - Nalgonda


Kodi Cheruvu - Warangal
Koil Sagar - Mahbubnagar
Kolleru Lake - Krishna
Kommuru
Kondakarla Lake - Vishakhapatnam
Kotapalli - Rangareddi
Kothapet - Hyderabad
Kottur Tank - Rangareddi
Maasi Talab
Madannapeta Cheruvu - Warangal
Maganur Tank - Mahbubnagar
Mahbub Sagar - Medak
Makthal Tank - Mahbubnagar
Malkapur Tank - Medak
Malle Cheruvu
Mallepalli (Tank south of)
Mamidi Cheruvu - Medak
Manair Project - Nizamabad
Mangaram Cheruvu - Nizamabad
Manigudem
Manjira Reservoir - Medak
Manthankodu - Mahbubnagar
Mantoor Tank - Medak
Masab Tank
Medchal Tank - Hyderabad
Miyapur & other Tanks - Rangareddi
Mudmal - Mahbubnagar
Mulapalem Tank - Guntur
Musi Dam - Nalgonda
Musi River Ring Road Bridge
Hyderabad
Muttukuru Basin - Nellore
Nacharam Tank - Hyderabad
Nagarjunasagar - Nalgonda
Nalla Cheruvu - Rangareddi
Nandalur Tank - Cuddapah
Nandigaon Tank - Mahbubnagar
Nandikandi Cheruvu -Medak
Narsappaguda Tank
Nehru Zoo Park - Hyderabad
Nellapattu Bird Sanctuary - Nellore
Nellutla Cheruvu
Nirukula Cheruvu - Warangal
Nizam Sagar - Nizamabad
Ojili Tank - Nellore
Olvapala Tank - Nellore
Osman Sagar - Rangareddi
Pakhal Lake - Warangal
Paladugu Tank
Palair Reservoir - Khammam
Palmakole Tank - Mahbubnagar
Parkal Tank - Warangal
Patha Cuddapah Cheruvu - Cuddapah
Pedda Balanagar Tank - Hyderabad
Pedda Cheruvu
Peddama Kunta - Warangal
Peddavarampadu Tank - Cuddapah
Pendlipakala Tank - Nalgonda
Pennaki Tank - Nellore
Penner Reservoir - Nellore
Pocharam Lake - Medak
Pulicat Bird Sanctuary - Nellore
Ragapuram Tank
Ragi Tank - Nellore
Raigir Tank - Nalgonda
Ramagundam Tank - Warangal
Ramanna Tank - Nellore
Returu Tank - Guntur
Rishi Valley Tank - Chittoor
Rourial Tank - Rangareddi

- 135 -

140.
141.
142.
143.
144.
145.
146.
147.
148.
149.
150.
151.
152.
153.
154.
155.
156.
157.
158.
159.
160.
161.
162.
163.
164.
165.
166.
167.
168.
169.

Sangareddi Tank - Medak


Saroornagar Tank - Hyderabad
Setty Gunta Tank - Cuddapah
Shamirpet Tank - Rangareddi
Sidhapuram - Kurnool
Singoor - Medak
Sriharikota Island - Nellore
Sullurpet Marshes - Nellore
Surappa Cheruvu
Tada - Nellore
Talamudipi Tank - Kurnool
Tammadi Tank - Rangareddi
Timmapur Tank - Mahbubnagar
Tummalagudam Tank
Turkayamjal Lake - Rangareddi
University of Hyderabad Rangareddi
Uppal Tank - Hyderabad
Uppalapadu - Guntur
Urugonda Pedda Cheruvu
Varagali Tank - Nellore
Vedurupattu - Nellore
Venkappa Cheruvu
Venkata Cheruvu - Medak
Venkatachalam Tank - Nellore
Venkatapuram Tank - Medak
Vontimitta Tank - Cuddapah
Waddepalli Tank - Warangal
Warangal Tank - Warangal
Yelchuru Tank - Guntur
Yellareddi Cheruvu Nizamabad

LEGEND:
= Waterbodies for which Count Forms
are not available but which have been
included in the AWBs Annual Reports.

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

APPENDIX 2: DISTRICTSSITES
ANANTAPUR DISTRICT
Dhaniyani Cheruvu
CHITTOOR DISTRICT
Bahuda Reservoir
Chinnatippa Samudram
Rishi Valley Tank
CUDDAPAH DISTRICT
Chitluru Tank
Devuni Cuddapah Tank
Nandalur Tank
Patha Cuddapah Cheruvu
Peddavarampadu Tank
Setty Gunta Tank
Vontimitta Tank
EAST GODAVARI DISTRICT
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary
Kakinada Shore
GUNTUR DISTRICT
Appapuram
Bapatla Seashore
Chunduru Tank
Jannalaparra
Kanchikacherla Tank
Mulapalem Tank
Returu Tank
Uppalapadu
Yelchuru Tank
HYDERABAD DISTRICT
Balanagar Tank
Chinna Balanagar Tank
Hussain Sagar
Kothapet
Medchal Tank
Nacharam Tank
Nehru Zoo Park
Pedda Balanagar Tank
Saroornagar Tank
Uppal Tank
KHAMMAM DISTRICT
Palair Reservoir
KRISHNA DISTRICT
Kolleru Lake (Part)
KURNOOL DISTRICT
Chinnatumbulam Tank
Sidhapuram
Talamudipi Tank
MAHBUBNAGAR DISTRICT
Amangal Tank
Devarkadra Tank
Dindi Reservoir
Enigandla Cheruvu
Jadcherla
Koil Sagar
Maganur Tank
Makthal Tank
Manthankodu Cheruvu
Mudmal
Nandigaon Tank
Palmakole Tank
Timmapur Tank
MEDAK DISTRICT

Anatasagar
Ardasu Cheruvu
Chinna Kanjarla Tank
Dundigal Tank
Gosamudram
ICRISAT Asia Centre
Mahbub Sagar
Malkapur Tank
Mamidi Cheruvu
Manjira Reservoir
Mantoor Tank
Nandikandi Cheruvu
Pocharam Lake
Sangareddi Tank
Singoor
Venkatapuram Tank
NALGONDA DISTRICT
Bhongir Tank
Bibinagar Cheruvu
Edulabad Reservoir
Kodad Cheruvu
Musi Dam
Nagarjunasagar
Pendlipakala Tank
Raigir Tank
NELLORE DISTRICT
Alluru Tank
Aruru Tank
Chennuru Tank
Gudur Tank
Josephpetta Tank
Kesavaram Tank
Muttukuru Basin
Nellapattu Bird Sanctuary
Ojili Tank
Olvapala Tank
Pennaki Tank
Penner Reservoir
Pulicat Bird Sanctuary
Ragi Tank
Ramanna Tank
Sriharikota Island
Sullurpet Marshes
Tada
Varagali Tank
Vedurupattu
Venkatachalam Tank
NIZAMABAD DISTRICT
Manair Project
Mangaram Cheruvu
Nizam Sagar
Yellareddi Cheruvu
PRAKASHAM DISTRICT
Chevuru Tank
Gollapalli Reservoir
Kanigiri Reservoir
RANGAREDDI DISTRICT
B.H.E.L. Tank
Bachpalli Tank
Bodabanda Tank
Durug & Madhapur Tanks
Fox Sagar
Gangaram Tank
Hayatnagar Cheruvu
Himayat Sagar
Ibrahimpatan Tank

- 136 -

Inkriyal Tank
Kotapalli
Kottur Tank
Miyapur Tank
Nalla Cheruvu
Osman Sagar
Rourial Tank
Shamirpet Tank
Tammadi Tank
Turkyamjal Tank
University of Hyderabad
SRIKAKULAM DISTRICT
Kalingapatnam
VISHAKHAPATNAM DISTRICT
Bhimasinghi
Kondakarla Lake
WARANGAL DISTRICT
Bhadrakali Tank
Damara Cheruvu
Dharmasagar
Ghanpur Tank
Ischarla Tank
Kambalapalli Cheruvu
Katakshapur Cheruvu
Katchapur Tank
Kodi Cheruvu
Madannapeta Cheruvu
Nirukula Cheruvu
Pakhal Lake
Parkal Tank
Peddama Kunta
Ramagundam Tank
Waddepalli Tank
Warangal Tank
WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT
Kolleru Lake (Part)
MISCELLANEOUS SITES
Annaparu
Asvaraopalli Tank
Balambidu Irrigation Tank
Choutapally Tank
Chowdarpalli
Dechavaram
Jamalapuram Tank
Kakarpalli Creek
Kalinga River
Kommuru
Maasi Talab
Malle Cheruvu
Manigudem
Masab Tank
Narsappaguda Tank
Nellutla Cheruvu
Paladugu Tank
Ragapuram Tank
Surappa Cheruvu
Tummalagudam Tank
Urugonda Pedda Cheruvu
Venkappa Cheruvu
Venkata Cheruvu

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

APPENDIX 3: GAZZETTEER
SITE (District, Country)

Co-ordinates

Alluru Tank (Nellore District, India)


Amangalu Tank (Mahbubnagar District, India)
Anantasagar Tank (Medak District, India)
Anantasagaram (Nellore District, India)
Appapuram (Guntur District, India)
Ardasu Cheruvu (Medak District, India)
Aruru Tank (Nellore District, India)
Asvaraopalli Tank (India)
B.H.E.L. Tank (Rangareddi District, India)
Bachpalli Tank (Rangareddi District, India)
Bahuda Reservoir (Chittoor District, India)
Bandamurlanka (Mangrove E of) (East Godavari District, India)
Bapatla Seashore (Guntur District, India)
Bhadrakali Tank (Warangal District, India)
Bhimasinghi (Vishakhapatnam District, India)
Bhongir Tank (Nalgonda District, India)
Bibinagar Tank (Nalgonda District, India)
Bodabanda Tank (India)
Chennuru Tank (Nellore District, India)
Chevuru Tank (Prakasham District, India)
Chinna Balanagar Cheruvu (Mahbubnagar District, India)
Chinna Kanjarla Village (Medak District, India)
Chinna Tippu Samudram (Chittoor District, India)
Chitluru Village Tank (Cuddapah District, India)
Chowdarpalli Village (Rangareddi District, India)
Chunduru Tank (Guntur District, India)
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary (East Godavari District, India)
Damara Cheruvu (Warangal District, India)
Devarkadra Tank (Mahbubnagar District, India)
Devuni Cuddapah Tank (Cuddapah District, India)
Dhaniyani Cheruvu (Anantapur District, India)
Dharmasagar (Warangal District, India)
Dindi Project (Mahbubnagar District, India)
Dundigal Lake (Rangareddi District, India)
Durug tank (Rangareddi District, India)
Edulabad Cheruvu (Rangareddi District, India)
Fox Sagar (Rangareddi District, India)
Gangaram Cheruvu (Rangareddi District, India)
Ghanpur Cheruvu (Warangal District, India)
Gollapalli Reservoir (Prakasham District, India)
Gosamudram Tank (Medak District, India)
Gudur Tank (Nellore District, India)
Hayatnagar Cheruvu (Rangareddi District, India)
Himayat Sagar (Rangareddi District, India)
Hussain Sagar (Hyderabad District, India)
Ibrahimpatnam Cheruvu (Rangareddi District, India)
Ichchapuram Lagoon (Srikakulam District, India)
ICRISAT Campus (Medak District, India)
Inkriyal Tank (Rangareddi District, India)
Ischarla Tank (Warangal District, India)
Jadcherla Tank (Mahbubnagar District, India)
Jannalaparra (Guntur District, India)
Josephpetta Tank (Nellore District, India)
- 137 -

14:40:0N+80:2:0E
17:35:0N+78:2:0E
14:34:0N+79:23:0E
16:1:30N+79:45:0E
13:55:0N+79:56:0E
17:32:30N+78:23:0E
13:35:0N+78:37:0E
16:25:0N+82:15:0E
15:52:0N+80:32:0E
17:58:0N+79:35:0E
17:55:0N+82:27:0E
17:5:0N+78:50:0E
17:29:0N+78:48:0E

16:57:0N+78:10:0E
17:35:0N+78:16:0E
13:40:0N+78:34:0E
14:11:0N+78:45:0E
17:0:0N+78:0:0E
16:10:0N+80:35:0E
16:43:0N+82:20:0E
17:52:0N+79:52:0E
16:38:0N+77:47:0E
14:28:0N+78:50:0E
14:5:0N+78:9:0E
17:55:0N+79:30:0E
16:33:12N+78:41:0E
17:36:48N+78:25:0E
17:22:0N+78:25:0E
17:20:0N+78:40:0E
17:22:0N+78:28:0E
17:30:15N+78:20:40E
18:18:0N+79:51:0E
18:2:0N+78:18:0E
14:10:0N+79:50:0E
17:18:0N+78:39:0E
17:18:0N+78:22:0E
17:20:0N+78:30:0E
17:12:0N+78:35:0E
19:7:0N+84:41:0E
17:31:0N+78:16:0E
17:27:0N+78:47:0E
16:46:0N+78:8:0E
15:50:0N+80:50:0E
14:18:0N+80:0:0E

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

SITE (District, Country)

Co-ordinates

Kakarapalli Creek (Srikakulam District, India)


Kakinada (East Godavari District, India)
Kalingapatnam (Srikakulam District, India)
Kambalapalli Cheruvu (Warangal District, India)
Kanchikacherla (Guntur District, India)
Kanigiri Reservoir (Prakasham District, India)
Katakshapur Cheruvu (Warangal District, India)
Katchapur Tank (Warangal District, India)
Kesavaram Tank (Nellore District, India)
Kodad Cheruvu (Nalgonda District, India)
Koil Sagar Dam (Mahbubnagar District, India)
Kolleru Lake (Krishna District, India)
Kondakarla (Vishakhapatnam District, India)
Kotapalli Tank (Rangareddi District, India)
Kothur Tank (Rangareddi District, India)
Madannapet Cheruvu (Warangal District, India)
Maganur Tank (Mahbubnagar District, India)
Mahbubsagar Tank (Medak District, India)
Makhtal (Mahbubnagar District, India)
Malkapur Tank (Medak District, India)
Malle Cheruvu (India)
Mallepalli (South) (India)
Mamidi Cheruvu (Medak District, India)
Manair Project (Nizamabad District, India)
Mangaram Cheruvu (Nizamabad District, India)
Manjira Reservoir (Medak District, India)
Manthankodu Cheruvu (Mahbubnagar District, India)
Mantoor Tank (Medak District, India)
Masab Tank (Rangareddi District, India)
Medchal (Rangareddi District, India)
Miyapur & Other Tanks (Rangareddi District, India)
Mulapalem Village Tank (Guntur District, India)
Musi Dam (Nalgonda District, India)
Musi River - Ring Road Bridge (Hyderabad District, India)
Muttukuru Basin (Nellore District, India)
Nacharam Tank (Pedda Cheruvu) (Hyderabad District, India)
Nagarjunasagar (Nalgonda District, India)
Nalla Cheruvu (Rangareddi District, India)
Nandalur Tank (Cuddapah District, India)
Nandi Kandi Cheruvu (Medak District, India)
Narsappaguda Cheruvu (India)
Nehru Zoological Park (Hyderabad District, India)
Nellapattu Bird Sanctuary (Nellore District, India)
Nirkula Cheruvu (Warangal District, India)
Nizam Sagar (Nizamabad District, India)
Ojili Tank (Nellore District, India)
Olvapala Tank (Nellore District, India)
Osman Sagar (Rangareddi District, India)
Pakhal Lake (Warangal District, India)
Paladugu Tank (India)
Palair Reservoir (Khammam District, India)
Palmakole Tank (Mahbubnagar District, India)
Parkal (Warangal District, India)
Patancheru Tank (Medak District, India)
Patha Cuddapah Cheruvu (Cuddapah District, India)
- 138 -

16:57:0N+82:15:0E
18:20:0N+84:10:0E
17:50:0N+80:3:0E
16:30:0N+80:20:0E
14:35:0N+79:50:0E
18:5:0N+79:48:0E
14:4:0N+79:56:0E
17:1:0N+79:57:0E
16:45:0N+77:47:0E
16:30:0N+81:5:0E
17:36:0N+82:59:0E
17:58:0N+79:53:0E
16:5:0N+77:45:0E
17:35:0N+78:3:0E
16:30:0N+77:30:0E
17:34:0N+78:3:0E
17:35:30N+78:15:0E
18:16:0N+78:17:0E
18:10:0N+77:55:0E
17:38:0N+78:5:0E
17:17:0N+78:37:0E
17:31:0N+78:29:0E
17:19:0N+78:9:0E
17:14:0N+79:31:0E
17:14:0N+78:33:0E
14:15:0N+80:7:0E
17:20:0N+78:30:0E
16:32:0N+79:39:0E
17:20:0N+78:28:0E
14:18:0N+79:8:0E
17:38:0N+77:57:0E
17:20:0N+78:25:0E
13:51:0N+79:57:0E
18:4:0N+79:47:0E
18:10:0N+77:55:0E
13:58:0N+79:56:0E
14:42:0N+80:0:0E
17:22:0N+78:18:0E
17:57:0N+80:0:0E
17:12:0N+79:54:0E
17:9:0N+78:19:0E
18:12:0N+79:43:0E
17:31:35N+78:16:25E
14:30:0N+78:50:0E

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

SITE (District, Country)

Co-ordinates

Pedda Balanagar Cheruvu (Mahbubnagar District, India)


Pedda Cheruvu (Mahbubnagar District, India)
Pedda Cheruvu (Madanapalle) (Chittoor District, India)
Pedda Tippa Samudram (Chittoor District, India)
Pedda Vorampadu Tank (Cuddapah District, India)
Peddatippasamudram (Tank S of) (Chittoor District, India)
Pendlipakala Project (Nalgonda District, India)
Pennaki Tank (Nellore District, India)
Penner Reservoir (Nellore District, India)
Pocharam Lake (Medak District, India)
Pulicat Bird Sanctuary (Nellore District, India)
Ragapuram Tank (India)
Ragi Madugu (Nellore District, India)
Ragi Tank (Nellore District, India)
Raigir Tank (Nalgonda District, India)
Ramanagudam Cheruvu (Warangal District, India)
Ramanna Tank (Nellore District, India)
Returu Village Tank (Guntur District, India)
Rishi Valley Tank (Chittoor District, India)
Rourial Tank (Rangareddi District, India)
Sangareddi Tank (Medak District, India)
Saroornagar Tank (Hyderabad District, India)
Setty Gunta Village Tank (Cuddapah District, India)
Shamirpet Lake (Rangareddi District, India)
Siddapuram Cheruvu (Atmakur) (Kurnool District, India)
Singoor Reservoir (Medak District, India)
Sriharikota Island (Nellore District, India)
Sullurpet Marshes (Nellore District, India)
Surappa Cheruvu (India)
Tada (Nellore District, India)
Tada Village Heronry (Nellore District, India)
Talamudipi Tank (Kurnool District, India)
Tammadi Tank (Khanamet vil.) (Rangareddi District, India)
Timmapur Tank (Mahbubnagar District, India)
Tummalagudem Tank (India)
Turkyamjal Tank (Rangareddi District, India)
University of Hyderabad (Rangareddi District, India)
Uppal Tank (Hyderabad District, India)
Uppalapadu Village Tank (Guntur District, India)
Varagali Tank (Nellore District, India)
Vedurupattu Tank (Ethirapattu) (Nellore District, India)
Venkappa Cheruvu (India)
Venkata Cheruvu (Medak District, India)
Venkatachelam (Tank E of) (Nellore District, India)
Venkatapuram Cheruvu (Medak District, India)
Vontimitta Tank (Cuddapah District, India)
Waddepalli Tank (Warangal District, India)
Warangal Town (Warangal District, India)
Yelchuru Village Tank (Guntur District, India)
Yellareddi Cheruvu (Nizamabad District, India)

- 139 -

16:58:0N+78:11:0E
16:32:0N+77:35:0E
14:5:0N+79:19:0E
13:43:0N+78:13:0E
14:35:0N+79:43:0E
18:3:0N+78:10:0E
13:40:0N+80:11:0E

17:32:0N+78:56:0E
16:0:0N+80:25:0E
13:40:0N+78:25:0E
17:13:0N+78:30:0E
17:32:0N+78:3:0E
13:50:0N+79:22:0E
17:37:0N+78:34:0E
15:42:0N+78:42:0E
17:48:0N+77:52:0E
13:41:0N+80:13:0E
13:50:0N+80:6:0E
13:34:0N+80:2:0E
13:36:0N+80:2:0E
15:43:0N+78:23:0E
17:27:40N+78:28:30E
17:10:0N+78:17:0E
17:17:0N+78:39:0E
17:30:0N+78:19:0E
17:23:31N+78:34:30E
16:5:0N+80:14:0E
13:53:0N+79:55:0E
13:47:0N+79:55:0E
17:38:0N+77:57:0E
14:20:0N+79:55:0E
17:36:0N+77:46:0E
14:22:0N+79:2:0E
17:58:0N+79:36:0E
18:21:39N+78:18:14E

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

APPENDIX 4: THRESHOLDS FOR WATERFOWL POPULATIONS


Species
Little Grebe
Great Crested Grebe
Great White Pelican
Dalmatian Pelican
Spot-billed Pelican
Little Cormorant
Indian Shag
Oriental Darter
Little Egret
Grey Heron
Goliath Heron
Great Whitebellied Heron
Purple Heron
Great Egret
Intermediate Egret
Cattle Egret
Pond Heron
Chinese Pond Heron
Little Green Heron
Black-crowned Night Heron

Malayan Black-crowned
Night Heron
Little Bittern
Yellow Bittern
Cinnamon Bittern
Black Bittern
Whitenecked Stork
White Stork
Oriental Stork
Blacknecked Stork
Lesser Adjutant
Greater Adjutant
Comb Duck
Cotton Teal
Gadwal
Falcated Teal
Wigeon
Mallard
Spotbilled Duck
Shoveller
Sunda Teal
Pintail
Garganey
Baikal Teal
Common Teal
Marbled Teal
Pinkheaded Duck
Redcrested Pochard

Threshold
5500
400
225
115
1500
300
800
100
7000
1200
1
1
500
500
1000
15000
5000
1000
1000
1000
100
150
5000
6000
750
150
30
30
4
50
7
60
1500
2000
5000
7500
11000
6000
6000
130
15000
7500
1000
9000
50
1
750

Species
Common Pochard
White-eyed Pochard
Baers Pochard
Tufted Pochard
Scaup
Golden eye
Smew
Redbreasted Merganser
Goosander
Siberian Crane
Sarus Crane
Demoiselle Crane
Common Crane
Blacknecked Crane
Whitebreasted Waterhen
Watercock
Purple Moorhen
Moorhen
Coot
Glossy Ibis
White Ibis
Black Ibis
Spoonbill
Greater Flamingo
Lesser Flamingo
Fulvous Whistling-teal
Lesser Whistling-teal
Greylag Goose
Barheaded Goose
Ruddy Shelduck
White-winged Duck
Greater Sand Plover
Northern Lapwing
Spur-winged Lapwing
Yellow-wattled Lapwing
Grey-headed Lapwing
Red-wattled Lapwing
Sociable Lapwing
White-tailed Lapwing
Wood Snipe
Pintail Snipe
Common Snipe
Jack Snipe
Blacktailed Godwit
Bartailed Godwit
Whimbrel
Curlew
Spotted Redshank
- 140 -

Threshold
10000
100
100
10000
50000
250
250
500
550
30
100
850
60
55
10000
500
1000
10000
25000
500
300
100
150
2500
1500
200
10000
650
200
1000
4
750
650
100
500
250
1500
10
250
50
2000
15000
660
2600
3300
900
500
300

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

Species
Common Redshank
Marsh Sandpiper
Common Greenshank
Nordmanns Greenshank
Green Sandpiper
Wood Sandpiper
Terek Sandpiper
Common Sandpiper
Ruddy Turnstone
Asian Dowitcher
Red Knot
Sanderling
Little Stint
Temmincks Stint
Dunlin
Curlew Sandpiper
Spoonbill Sandpiper
Masked Finfoot
Pheasant-tailed Jacana
Bronze-winged Jacana
Painted Snipe
Oystercatcher
Golden Plover
Grey Plover
Ringed Plover
Long-billed Plover
Little Ringed Plover
Kentish Plover
Mongolian Plover

Threshold
2000
1900
650
10
2000
10000
1250
2000
750
175
3000
750
2000
750
1500
3500
50
50
1000
1000
1000
100
18000
700
1000
150
1000
1500
2000

Species
Ruff
Ibisbill
Black-winged Stilt
Avocet
Red-necked Phalarope
Crab Plover
Collared Pratincole
Oriental Pratincole
Small Pratincole
Sooty Gull
Herring Gull
Great Black-backed Gull
Brown-headed Gull
Andaman Crake
Slaty-legged Banded Crake
Water Rail
Corncrake
Brown Crake
Little Crake
Baillons Crake
Spotted Crake
Ruddy-breasted Crake
Woodcock
Thick-knee
Jerdons Courser
Cream-coloured Courser
Indian Courser
Broad-billed Sandpiper

- 141 -

Threshold
500
250
5250
400
3000
40
250
1700
250
400
2000
500
1000
None set
None set
None set
None set
None set
None set
None set
None set
None set
None set
None set
None set
None set
None set
500

MID-WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS IN ANDHRA PRADESH: 1987-1996Pittie & Taher (2004)

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Illustration

Page

Collage
Large Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Sandpipers Tringa sp.
Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus

Cover
5
7
19
37
100
108
134
141

- 142 -