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ITO PPA Aluminum Electrode Substrate ITO PPA Substrate Al
ITO
PPA
Aluminum
Electrode
Substrate
ITO
PPA
Substrate
Al

48 32 16 0 -16 -32 -48 -20 -10 0 10 20 Current (mA)
48
32
16
0
-16
-32
-48
-20
-10
0
10
20
Current (mA)

Forward Bias (Volts)

-2 -3 -4 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 Ln(I/V 2 )
-2
-3
-4
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
Ln(I/V 2 )

1/Bias (1/Volts)

4 2 0 -2 -4 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 Ln(I)
4
2
0
-2
-4
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
Ln(I)

1/V (1/volts)