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SECTION B : ANSWER ALL 3 QUESTIONS

1. Diagram 1 shows an experiment to study the electrical conductivity of atomic


substance, ionic substance and molecular substance.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan experiment untuk mengkaji konduktiviti elektrik bagi bahan
atom,ion dan molekul

Switch

Cardboard
Carbon rod

Substance

Bunsen burner

Diagram 1
Rajah 1
The result of the experiment is recorded in Table 1
Keputusan eksperimen direkodkan dalam Jadual 1
Type of substance
Lead powder
Serbuk plumbum
Sulphur powder
Serbuk sulfur
Lead(II) bromide powder
Serbuk plumbum(II) bromida

Ammeters reading /A
Solid state
Melting state
1.5
1.2
0.0

0.0

0.0

1.8

Table 1
Jadual 1
(a) State the variables in this experiment.
Nyatakan pembolehubah dalam eksperimen ini
i)

Manipulated variable:
Pembolehubah dimanipulasi

[ 1 mark]

ii)

Responding variable:
Pembolehubah bergerak balas


[ 1 mark]
iii)

Constant variable:
Pembolehubah dimalarkan

[ 1 mark]

(b) State one hypothesis for this experiment.


Nyatakan satu hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini
..
..
[ 1 mark]
(c) Based on the result in Table 1, classify the substances into their class.
Berdasarkan keputusan dalam Jadual 1, agihkan bahan mengikut kategorinya

Atomic substance
Bahan atom

Ionic substance
Bahan ion

Molecular substance
Bahan molekul

[ 2 marks]

2. .

Diagram 2 shows the apparatus to electroplate an iron ring.


Rajah 2 menunjukkan alatan untuk penyaduran cincin besi

Silver

Iron ring
Electrolyte

(a) Give two reasons why iron ring need to be coated with silver.
Berikan dua sebab kenapa cincin besi disalut menggunakan ferum.

(2 marks)
(b) Suggest a suitable electrolyte.
Cadangkan elektrolik yang sesuai
..
(1 mark)
(c) State the observation that occur at
Nyatakan pemerhatian yang berlaku di
i. anode.
anod
..
ii. cathode.
katod
.
(2 marks)

3. .

Diagram 3 shows the radioactive decay of a nucleus


Rajah 3 menunjukkan pereputan radioaktif satu nukleus

Radioactive
Radiation
Sinaran Radioaktif
Radioactive atom
S
DIAGRAM 3
RAJAH 3

a) What is meant by radioactive decay?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan pereputan radioaktif

.
(2 marks)
b) Name three radioactive particles/rays which are emitted during the
radioactive decay.
Namakan tiga zarah radioaktif yang dibebaskan semasa pereputan radioaktif

(1 mark)
c) If these radioactive particles/rays are in an electric field, which
particles/rays can go through the field without any deflection.
Jika zarah radioaktif ini berada dalam medan elektrik, zarah yang manakah yang
melalui medan elektrik tanpa terpesong

(1 mark)

SECTION C : ANSWER THIS QUESTION


1. a)

Give two usage of radioactive substances and the example of element used.
Berikan dua kegunaan bahan radioaktif dan contoh element yang digunakan.

..
..
.
[ 4 marks]

b) Diagram 3 shows an examples of elements.


Rajah 3 menunjukkan contoh beberapa unsur
Uranium

Cobalt-60
Elements
Unsur

Iodine -131

Sodium-24
DIAGRAM 3
RAJAH 3

Study the above examples of substances. You are required to develop a concept
of a radioactive substances.
Dengan mengkaji contoh bahan-bahan d atas. Anda dikehendaki membina satu
konsep bahan radioaktif.
Your answer should be based on the following aspects:
Jawapan anda mestilah berdasarkan aspek-aspek berikut :
Identify two common characteristics of radioactive substances.
Kenal pasti dua cirri-ciri sepunya bahan-bahan radioaktif.
..
..
Develop an initial concept of a radioactive substances.
Bina konsep awal bahan radioaktif

Give other example of a radioactive substances and the reason for your
choice
Berikan contoh lain satu bahan radioaktif dan nyatakan sebabnya.
..

Give one example of a non- radioactive substances and the reason for your
choice.
Berikan contoh satu bahan bukan radioaktif dan nyatakan sebabnya.
..

State the actual concept of a radioactive substances.


Nyatakan konsep sebenar bahan radioaktif

[6 marks]