You are on page 1of 10

‫‪Document converted by PDFMoto freeware version‬‬

‫‪Surfer .7‬‬
‫ﺭﺳﻢ ﺍﳋﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻮﺭﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻻﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳚﺎﺩ ……‪.‬‬
‫‪ X,Y,Z_1‬ﻟﻘﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﻣﻦ ‪ Z‬ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬
‫‪_2‬ﻧﺎﺧﺬ ﻫﺬﺓ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺳﻴﺐ ﻭﺗﻮﺿﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪WORKSHEET‬‬

‫‪ _3‬ﻭﻳﻌﻤﻞ ‪ SAVE AS‬ﻟﻠﻤﻠﻒ ﺍﳊﺎﱃ ﲢﺖ ‪FORMAT‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﺳﻢ ‪DAT.‬‬
‫‪_4‬ﻳﻐﻠﻖ ‪WORKSHEET‬ﰒ ﻧﻔﺘﺢ‪PIOT‬‬
‫ﰒ ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ GRID‬ﻭﳔﺘﺎﺭ ‪DATE‬‬

‫‪1‬‬
‫‪Document converted by PDFMoto freeware version‬‬

‫‪_5‬ﻧﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﲢﺖ }‪FORMAT {DATE‬‬


‫‪_6‬ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺻﻨﻮﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﺮﻯ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻣﻦ ‪ DATE‬ﻧﻀﺒﻂ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻻﺣﺪﺍﺛﻴﺎﺕ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻣﻚ‬

‫ﻭﻣﻦ ‪ GENERAL‬ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺿﺒﻂ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ‬


‫‪ SPASING‬ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻳﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﰱ ﺗﻐﲑ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﻭ ‪GRIDING‬‬
‫‪ MITHOD‬ﻭﻳﻘﺼﺪ ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﰱ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﳋﺮﻳﻄﺔ ‪.‬‬

‫‪2‬‬
‫‪Document converted by PDFMoto freeware version‬‬

‫‪_7‬ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ OK‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﲝﻔﻆ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﲢﺖ‬


‫}‪FORMAT.{GRID‬‬
‫‪_8‬ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪MAP_CONTORMAP_NEWCONT‬‬

‫‪_9‬ﳔﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻗﺪ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﱃ ‪.GRID‬ﰒ ‪ OK‬ﻧﻼﺟﻆ‪.‬‬


‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﳝﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﺔ ﺿﺒﻂ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻮﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻧﺔ‪,‬ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺑﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺗﺪﺭﺝ ﺍﻻﻟﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺨﻔﺾ ﺍﱃ ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻊ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ OK‬ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﳋﺮﻳﻄﺔ‪.‬‬


‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﻭﺱ ﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻛﻠﻴﻚ ﳝﲔ ﺗﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻦ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‬
‫ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﰱ ﺗﻐﲑ ﺍﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺳﻴﺐ ‪,‬ﻭﺗﺪﻭﻳﻠﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﺣﺔ ﰱ ﺍﻯ ﺍﲡﺎﺓ‪.‬‬

‫‪3‬‬
Document converted by PDFMoto freeware version

4
‫‪Document converted by PDFMoto freeware version‬‬

‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻮﺭﻳﺔ‬


‫ﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺘﲔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﱃ‪.:‬‬
‫‪Grid/convert/_1‬‬
‫ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ‪ opin grig‬ﻧﻌﻄﻰ ﻟﺔ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﻴﺐ ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﺑﺎﻝ‪. grid‬‬
‫ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﻧﻀﻐﻂ ‪ , ok‬ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﺧﺮ ﺑﺄﺳﻢ ‪save grid‬‬
‫ﺍﻯ ﳓﻔﻆ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﲢﺖ ﺍﺳﻢ ﻣﻌﲔ ﻭ‪ format‬ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻭﻫﻰ }‪ascllxyz{*.dat‬‬
‫ﻭﻻﺣﻆ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺳﻢ‪.‬‬

‫‪1‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬


‫‪map/post map/newpost map_2‬‬
‫ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻚ ‪file.dat‬‬
‫ﻧﻄﻰ ﻟﺔ ﺍﻝ‪ file‬ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﰒ ‪.opin‬‬
‫ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﳓﺪﺩ ﻣﻨﺔ ‪ general‬ﺍﻯ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻻﺣﺪﺍﺛﻴﺎﺕ ﰱ ﺍﻣﺎﻛﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ ‪. x,y,z‬‬
‫ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ‪ labels‬ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﳛﺪﺩ ﻓﻴﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺍﳌﻨﺴﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻳﻜﺘﺐ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻭﺿﺒﻂ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬
‫ﰱ ﺍﳌﻨﺴﻮﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ ok‬ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻯ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﱴ ﺍﻣﺎﻣﻚ‪.‬‬
‫‪Document converted by PDFMoto freeware version‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫‪_1‬ﻧﺄﺧﺬ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻂ ﺍﻟﱴ ﺣﻔﻈﺖ ﰱ ‪ work sheet‬ﲢﺖ ‪format.dat‬‬
‫‪_2‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ grig/dat‬ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺿﺒﻄﺎﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺘﻮﺭﻳﺔ ‪ spasing‬ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ‪max,man‬‬
‫ﺣﱴ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﻀﺒﻮﻃﺔ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﳛﻔﻆ ﲢﺖ ‪format.ascallxyz.dat‬‬
‫ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ save‬ﰒ ‪ ok‬ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺖ ﺍﳌﺮﺣﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪map/post map/newpost map_3‬‬
‫ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻚ ‪file.dat‬‬
‫ﻧﻄﻰ ﻟﺔ ﺍﻝ‪ file‬ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﰒ ‪.opin‬‬
‫ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﳓﺪﺩ ﻣﻨﺔ ‪ general‬ﺍﻯ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻻﺣﺪﺍﺛﻴﺎﺕ ﰱ ﺍﻣﺎﻛﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ ‪. x,y,z‬‬
‫ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ‪ labels‬ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﳛﺪﺩ ﻓﻴﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺍﳌﻨﺴﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻳﻜﺘﺐ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻭﺿﺒﻂ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬
‫ﰱ ﺍﳌﻨﺴﻮﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ ok‬ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻯ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﱴ ﺍﻣﺎﻣﻚ‪.‬‬

‫‪1‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬


‫‪4‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬
‫‪Document converted by PDFMoto freeware version‬‬

‫ﺍﳚﺎﺩ ﻣﻜﻌﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺩﻡ‬


‫ﺍﻭﻵ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻨﺴﻮﺏ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﻋﻠﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺍﺕ‬
‫‪_1‬ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﱴ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺄﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪blank‬‬
‫ﺍﻯ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﻊ ‪.‬‬
‫‪_2‬ﺍﳚﺎﺩ ﻣﻜﻌﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻝ‪.volume‬‬
‫ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪:‬‬
‫‪_1‬ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ‪blank‬‬
‫ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﺗﻮﻛﺎﺩ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺢ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺔ‬
‫ﻧﺄﺧﺬ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺛﻴﺎﺕ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺗﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻻﺣﺪﺍﺛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺄﺧﻮﺯﺓ ﰱ ‪worksheet‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺗﺒﻊ ﺍﻻﺗﻰ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃ_ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺔ‬
‫‪a‬‬ ‫‪b‬‬ ‫‪c‬‬
‫‪3‬‬ ‫‪0‬‬
‫‪4.2‬‬ ‫‪2.3‬‬ ‫‪1.6‬‬
‫‪4.6‬‬ ‫‪5.2‬‬ ‫‪1.8‬‬
‫‪4.2‬‬ ‫‪2.3‬‬ ‫‪1.6‬‬
‫ﻭﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﺑﺎﳉﺪﻭﻝ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻻﻭﻝ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ‪a,b,c‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱏ ﰱ ﺍﳋﺎﻧﺔ ‪ a‬ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ‪,‬ﻭﺍﳋﺎﻧﺔ ‪ b‬ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻢ )ﺻﻔﺮ(‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺻﻔﺮ ﰱ ﺍﳋﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻻﻥ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻓﻴﻮﺿﻊ ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ ) ﺻﻔﺮ ( ﻳﻮﺿﻊ ) ‪( 1‬‬
‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ ﻭﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ ﺍﻻﺣﺪﺍﺛﻴﺎﺕ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﺍﻥ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﱃ ﺗﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻳﻀﺎ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻻﺧﲑ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬
‫‪Document converted by PDFMoto freeware version‬‬

‫ﻭﲢﺴﺐ ﻣﻊ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ ‪.‬‬


‫ﺏ_ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﲝﻔﻆ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻢ ﲢﺖ )‪format.(*.bln‬‬
‫ﺝ_ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ grid‬ﳔﺘﺎﺭ ‪blank‬‬
‫ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺭﻯ ‪opem grid‬‬
‫ﻧﻀﻊ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺢ ﻛﺎﻣﻼ ﰒ ‪ok‬‬
‫ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ‪opem file‬‬
‫ﻧﻌﻄﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﺣﻘﻆ ﰱ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ) ﺏ (‬
‫ﰒ ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻓﻴﺔ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﲢﺖ )‪format.(grid‬‬
‫ﻭﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻗﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺖ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ‪ blank‬ﺍﻯ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﻊ‪.‬‬

‫‪ _2‬ﺍﳚﺎﺩ ‪: volume‬‬
‫ﺃ_ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪grid‬ﳔﺘﺎﺭ ‪ volume‬ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ‬
‫‪ open grid‬ﻧﻌﻄﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﰱ ﺍﳌﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‬
‫ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺄﺳﻢ ‪grid volume‬ﻭﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻝ ‪lowor‬‬
‫‪surface‬‬
‫ﰱ ﺍﺳﻔﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻧﻠﺤﻆ ﺍﳊﺮﻑ ‪ z‬ﰱ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳋﺎﻧﺔ ﻧﻌﻄﻴﺔ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻮﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫‪Document converted by PDFMoto freeware version‬‬

‫ﻣﻜﻌﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺳﻄﺤﲔ‬


‫‪finsh , ground‬‬
‫‪_1‬ﺍﳚﺎﺩ ‪: residuals‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻝ ‪residuals‬‬
‫ﻫﻮ ﳛﺴﺐ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩﻯ ﺑﲔ ‪Z grond , Z finsh‬‬
‫ﺍﻯ ﳝﻜﻨﺔ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ‪ Z ground‬ﻣﻊ ‪ Z finsh‬ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻟﻪ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺛﻰ ‪x,y‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻝ ‪ Z finsh‬ﻫﻰ ﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﱴ ﰎ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺘﻬﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ‪Z grawnd‬ﻫﻰ ﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺘﻬﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻭﺿﺢ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻯ ﺍﳚﺎﺩ ﺍﻻﳓﺮﺍﻑ ﰱ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ‪Z ground‬ﻣﻊ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺛﻴﻴﺎﺕ ‪ x,y‬ﻟﻞ‪Z fnish‬‬
‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻥ ‪:‬‬
‫*‪Zres=Z fnish-Z ground‬‬
‫*‪Z ground=Z fnish-Z res‬‬

‫ﻟﻜﻰ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻳﺘﺒﻊ ﺍﻻﺗﻰ‬


‫‪_1‬ﳓﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻝ ‪.ground.grid‬‬
‫‪_2‬ﳓﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻝ‪. finsh . dat‬‬
‫‪_3‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ grid‬ﳔﺘﺎﺭ ‪ residual‬ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ‪open grid‬‬
‫ﻧﻌﻄﻴﺔ ‪file open grid‬ﰒ ‪ open dat‬ﻧﻌﻄﻴﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪finsh.dat‬‬
‫ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻀﺒﻂ ﺍﻻﺣﺪﺍﺛﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻭﺿﻊ ﻗﻴﻢ ‪ residuals‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻯ‪.‬‬
‫‪Document converted by PDFMoto freeware version‬‬

‫ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﻓﺘﺢ ‪ worksheet‬ﻭﺑﺔ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺛﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻨﺎﺳﻴﺐ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺳﻄﺢ ‪finsh‬‬


‫ﻭ‪ residuals‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻛﺴﻞ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻥ ﳛﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻕ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻻﺣﺪﺍﺛﻴﺎﺕ ﻻﳚﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ‪ Zground‬ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ‪ Zground‬ﺗﻮﺿﻊ ﻫﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﲜﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺛﻴﺎﺕ ‪Zfinsh‬‬
‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻥ ‪ Zg,Zf‬ﳍﻢ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺛﻰ ‪ X,Y‬ﻣﻮﺣﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﳛﻔﻆ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﲢﺖ ﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻢ ‪dat.‬‬
‫ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪grid‬ﳔﺘﺎﺭ ‪ dat‬ﻭﳓﻮﻝ ‪Zground.grid‬‬

‫ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﳓﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﻊ ﻟﻠﺴﻄﺢ‪finsh‬‬


‫ﺍﻯ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪ blank‬ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺢ ﻭﳛﻮﻝ ﺍﱃ ‪Zfinsh/bln/grid‬‬
‫‪_2‬ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ‪:volume‬‬
‫‪_1‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪grid/voluome‬‬
‫ﻧﻌﻄﻴﺔ ‪Zres ground.grid‬‬
‫‪_2‬ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺧﺮ ﻭﰱ ‪ lower surface‬ﻧﻌﻄﻴﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬
‫‪finsh blank.grid‬‬
‫ﻭﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﳊﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻣﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﲝﻔﻈﻬﺎ‪.‬‬