:S

.CD
C\J

s
CD

presented to

of tbe

\Hntver0it? of Toronto

Hugh 8* Hobertson Esq.

.

Gr r

A

HEBREW

PRIMER
1

ADAPTED TO THE MERCHANT TAYLORS HEBREW GRAMMAR.

PART I.-EASY FIRST EXERCISES.
PART II.-FIRST READINGS,

WITH

NOTES.

PART

III.

ENGLISH PIECES WITH HINTS, FOR

HEBREW

COMPOSITION.

TWO

GLOSSARIES.

BY

TI1K

REV. C.
K

J.

BALL,
(iF

M.A.,
COI.I.HCF,

AND

CMIAI'I.AIN

kl\(,'s

LONDON.

MulUP

trrricxJin \\r\K\itp, (.|.l,-iit.iii uus.

LO

N

I)

o N:

SAMUEL BAG8TEB AND
ii

BO

HOW.

DEDICATION.

TO

THE

REV.

1.

K.

CHEYNE,

M.A.,

OF BALLIOL COLLEGE, OXFORD,

IN

TOKEN OF SINCERE ESTEEM.

CONTENTS.

PAGE
.
.

i

Part

I.

Elementary Exercises

.....
...
.
.

1

J'i.rtll.

Readings from the Old Testament
Pieces for Composition

59

III.

.

.133
203

Hebrew-English Glossary

w Glossary

245

PREFACE.
name

THIS work
winners.

is

strictly

what

its

denotes, a book for

It

should be used in conjunction with the
;

Author's
first

Grammar

those parts of the latter should

be studied which correspond to the introductory
-os.

It is believed that

any one who carefully

works through Part L, with constant reference, as
suggested, to the

Grammar,

will find

no

difficulty in

reading the historical books of the Old Testament.

Part
all

II. is

provided with references to the Grammar,

of which should be conscientiously examined.

The

utility of this course will at

once become evident to the

student himself.
III.
is

intended to meet the needs of candidates
at

for

scholarships

the diversities; and the whole
years' experience
in

work

d

on
in

five

preparing such

candidates

connexion with Merchant Taylors' School.
be ready.
\\.\\A.

A KKY

t> tin- exercises will shortly

C.

'I.

/'

.

1K78.

PART

I.

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES
HEBREW-ENGLISH

AND ENGLISH-HEBREW.

PART

I.

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.

EXERCISE
See Grammar,
Prefix the article to
:

1.

p.

43

c,

44.

word, thing (m.)
a

n
H

wise (m.)

great

(in.)

living (m.)

good (m.)
l

wicked (m.)
SJ

boy (m.)
earth, land (f.)

dust (m.)
he-ass (m.)

'n palace (m.)

vH
note 1)

illness (in.)
(in.)

fc boys (Gr.
1

p. 23,

iSn milk

splendour (m.)
stone
city
(f.)

^
n$

a fleet

^1J oppression

(f.)

lion (m.)

dearth (m.)

D^nSiS*

God

(in.)

man
:

(m. }

y*1 bud, evil (in.)

1DH kindness
wi.-r
3*

(in.)

Bword

(f.)

men

HEBREW PRIMER.
swords
clouds (m.)
PHP! to a

mountain

D^n
^ISD

mountains (m.)

smoke (m.)

book (m.)

EXERCISE
See Gr.

2.

p. 44, B, notes 1, 2.

Write the interrogative H& before

:

nn
And

-

n

-

-

ia

Tin

.

-

prefix the interrogative

PI

(Gr. p. 112, 4, note) to

^3 nation
PO21

"H??? sne sa

^

he wept
he
fell

h&

D^15^ ye said Hfc^ he made
EfifKj ye killed

nnpS thou
1

tookest

to a son

OS- ne y
^'

w ^^

walk

p ? ye took

EXERCISE
3
in,

3.

by, with
in the

? to

3

as, like

TI^PI?

way,

always contracts into

fhPlS

to the lord,
like the lion,

n^PD
etc.,

the

PI

of the article being elided, and the preposition

taking

its

vowel.

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
Translate
:

To the earth. In the dust. With the the boys. kindness. For the lion. As the sword. For the good. In the oppression. In the evening. With the stone.

By

Like the wicked.

Like the wise.

EXERCISE
Gr. p. 25,
NOTE.
5,

4.

ad

init.

appear as 3, 3, ?, before letters with sh'wa See Gr. p. 13, note 2. Sh'wa is omitted words, 0*^3*73 with words.
?, ?, ?,
;

B^l

after

yodh

;

as

"^3

in honour,

=

TJ,

+

?

Translate
r

:

By

a

lion.

In a

fleet.

As an

ass.

In a

(nn).

With
("Sri).

stones

a sickness

(D^5). To God (Gr.

In eating (Sb^).
p. 26, b).

In

As

a lion.

With

a lyre (753).

According to

(3) the

word.

Translate
.

:

By

falling (Gr. p. 14, 3).

In ways (D'?TI).

To great ones Like blood-drops (W) of
of man.

tin-

lion.

For one

fearful

(N"V)

According
P\
(

to (5)

word of (^?^) God.
of (JVVQ;!) the
In
1

By word of the man.

A-CSS
:>.

king

CvW
famine.

^

Jt

^

m

'

T'

in .-

///f

days of

(^)

(lie

To thy

right

HEBREW PKIMER.

EXERCISE
"IP

5.

from

;

"^P

from a word.

The nun assimilates

;

see Gr.

p. 27, 2, ita.
fr

m

a l an d.

Gutturals cannot be doubled ;
see Gr. p. 24.

from the land
7
}*-inp

on the outside of ...

and; Gr. and even w e
1
.

p. 118,

ad

Jin.

Orig. tod, which

became w\ and w>,

Notice also

fnwp = n^n^O

from Yehuda, and
See Ex.

ln

H1 (*n =

*T

-I-

1)

and the hands of the boy.

4, note.

Translate

:

n:??
(Gr. p.
(p.

pno
p.

46, pron.

suff.,

and

48,

4.)

'#2d ftPlpS

47,

a^

(^5) the ground (n&nX). And weeping And eating. From blood-drops of the lion. Fearful of God. And stones. And from the land. And to the king. And with a sword (Ex. 1). And from sickness (Ex. 4). And to the lion. And to the man. And to a man. And in days of old (E"3j?). On the outside of (to) the city. In the hands of the king. He came into (3) Y e rushalayim (DrWT). From days of
fruit of

From

of the man.

old.

The word

to

Yehuda(h) and

Y rushalayim.
e

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.

EXERCISE

6.

PAUSAL AND PRETONIC VOWELS.
Gr. p. 37,
6,

38.
:

Translate, parsing the pausal forms

_

rra
v AT v

wo
Tk "

*Vnn 'A ~
ititth

'mS
'

AV

nhi inn
tnrnsg

:

nnN

tfn*

JDW

And
.

with weeping.

From the

And to the sword. sickness. And in the fleet.

In a vision
Generation

and generation
(DV, nSv).

pH, Gr. p. 118, }). Day and night (Athnah or silluq falls on the last word in

each case).

EXERCISE
PRONOUNS.
Demonstrative, see Gr.
p. 42,

7.

43

;

See also p. 124, line 3; 126, at end,
subject," etc.; 127, lines 1-7.

Personal, p. 44, 45. u In a sentence the

H1S3 high,
Jpt

tall

^J< man,
JH
evil,
f.

vir
J"l$n
f.

old
girl
f.

wickedness

rn^.
Jtpp

Sna
P!}toj5

great,

nSna

young, small,
ite:

*1^V small, younger

niaj Nin

nnn

n-n

SK^.

^33

en nkx

nwn

8

HEBREW PRIMER.

on run aten
T T

Kinn nvn

wn

nSi^n ^s?n
tfwi
.

Vn-n S^nn PIT ......

T

jpr H.-T

old man.

This great wickedness. The wickedness is great. The That old man. An old man. This is the old

man.

That

girl is

mountain

(see

Who
is

are ye?

man, and a boy, and a Ex. 6, pretonic \). Thou art the man. He was in (7) sickness. This oppression
young.
great.

A

evil.

Thou wast
is evil.

This boy

is

good.

This

sickness

EXERCISE
H3
cattle (coll.
f.)

8.

KHn
~\ti

new,

f. <"lfc?Hri

9 birds (coll. m.)

some of ... (Gr.

p. 50,

1.

9)

Translate

:

nkx

onn DnS;n D^ej?

n^nxn-p

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES

9

Who
the

is

that

man?

What

is

this (f.)?

Some of

birds.
(f.)

Thou

Those men (CMftg) are old (Gr. p. 62). art young. Those cattle are not clean.

Those boys are not tall. You (m.) are dust from the He was a farmer (man of the ground). ground.

EXERCISE
Gr.
:

9.

Pronouns,

p.

46-50; Order of Words, p. 123, 124.

he made
he called

K3 he came, went
HI* he built

O he gave,
riri

put,

made

Hp? he took
TIN light

dry land
:

Translate

Sin
in^n n.pn?n
SJD^?

nS

nn
N^nn nnnrras cnp npS

n^nn n^ cnS
DV
like

nj

(Gr.p.l24,3,sul.j.afterpred.)
II.1/7

i.

thou

us?

The
all

cuttle

upon

the

earth.

He made

living

10

HEBREW PRIMER.
from

man

to cattle.

You

have that sword
on the earth.

(to

you

that sword).

He made mankind

Great was the wickedness on the earth.

Yonder man
to the
all

came
that

to

me

(verb first).

The wise man went
PI

mountain

(iTVin, Gr. p. 52,
(all

locale).

He

gave you

you have

which to you).

He

took some of the

people.

He
(

called us out of the dust.

He

called the

weapon

v5) a sword.

EXERCISE

10.

Gr. pp. 54, 55.
silver
?

night (m.)

nnr gold
shield

pbjj

deep
(f.)

3 well
bird

the Underworld
health, peace

(c.)

sheep

(coll.)

food
Translate

moon

:

jnj
jnj

3

jnj

(Ex.

2,

n

inter.)

nn
jrg

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
That well
clean ?
is

11
Is the lion

deep.

This bird

is

clean.

did he call (to) this bird? He made the gold like the dust. He took some of the sheep from thee, and to us he gave them
this shield ?

Who made

What

for food.
is

Are ye well?

(Is health to you?)

The moon

large to-night (the night).

EXERCISE
Gr. p. 55,
1.
\st,

11

6,

pp. 56, 57, 2, 3.

Write down the
f.,

abs.
f.,
f.,

pi.

of HIK,

f.,

TW,

m.,

IT,

m.,
f.,

rTTffiD,

^?5,
rray,

m., OT, m., "to, m.,
f.,

m., H3D,

rrnrm,

nvr, m., rny,

nits,

rw,
2.

rqm
f.

The

sing. abs. (Gr. p. 56, b)
Ej?>

and

constr. (p. 57, 3)

of /H3, *fi3, B'p??7 not change).
3.

Bl (qame

in <?ara, r^fw, does

The
|T
T
;

constr. sing. (p. 57, 2) of

W,
D*3,

and the

constr. pi. of DID,

N (none of these vowels change).
4.

The

constr. sing,

and

pi. (p. 57, 3)
:

of the following
;

words with mutable vowels

!"W, HXQ, HXS, H3J

also

constr. sing, of n$J, HT^, n/pH,

HiW.

(Gutturals do

not take simple sh'wa, Gr. p. 25, 4.)
5.

Make

the dual of

T

hand, fi$ log,
ragl),
*a/?/>),

^

foot (add

the

new ending

to the stem
nostril (>t-m

DV day, \$ tooth
}^? eye,

(stem shinn),

^

^3

(^//'/')

12

HEBREW PRIMER.

EXERCISE
Gr. p. 46;
SING.

12.

The

Suffixes, pp. 58, 59.

PLUR.

^O kings
king of the land

kins

of the land

my

king

WO my kings
^?9

thy (m.) king
thy
(f.)

*% ( m
thy

-)

kings

king

Tpfc

(f.)

kings

13/0 his king

1^?70 bis kings

H370 her king

her kings

^370 our king
D3270 your (m.) king
}3970 your
(f.)

ur kings

B3'3?0 your (m.) kings
J3*3 ?0

king

your

(f.)

kings

D3/0

their (m.) king
(f.)

Dn^3?0

their (m.) kings
their
(f.)

J3VO their

king
heart,

jn^O

kings
that all

Learn the above by

and notice

(i.)

suffixes in the sing, attach to the

stem malk ;

(ii.)

that

in the pi. all attach to m'ldkhay (ey, -ey) except khem,

khen, hem, hen, which four attach to malkhey

;

(iii.)

that

kaf in the

pi. is

aspirated.

EXERCISE
Write out with
(i.)
(ii.)

13.
p. 59.
pi.

See last Exercise, and Gr.
all

the suffixes the sing, and
D"T3

of

^[TJ a way, |35< a stone, t03^ a rod, 115 a vow.

vineyard,

J5|

vine;

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
SING.

13

PLUR.

queen

my

queen

W w
1

queens oftheland

my

queens

thy (m.) queen

^p^TO

^ thy (m.) queens
(f.)

^Sfi
1

thy

(f.)

queen

'Spnb^fc thy

queens

IDS ?? his queen

VfiiD^Q his

queens

Pin^fc her queen

JTW37& her queens

^rG^Q our queen
3J1370 your (m.) queen
5^3*79 your
(f.)

I^TTO^ our queens
DDVYOpD your(m.)queens
1

queen

pTT^ ??? your

(f.)

queens

Learn the above by heart, and notice (i.) that in the sing, all the suffixes but khbn, kh&n, are preceded by
(jainec;

in

the open pretonic syllable;

(ii.)

that in the
that all

sing, the kaf is unaspirated all

through;

(iii.)

suffixes in the pi. attach to malkhothay (-ty, -dy, -ey);
(iv.)

and that the kaf

is

aspirated,

and therefore without

dagesh, throughout the plural.

EXERCISE
\Vritf out
suffixes sin;/,

14.

H&7P
and

and

r^L"
Las1

:

,

sliirt,

wrapper,

witli all
p.

pi.

See

Exercise, nnd

(ir.

59.

HEBREW PRIMER.

EXERCISE

15.

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.

15

M}7 boys. great are the kings of those cities (D^V) Their lives are precious. Roots Their life is precious.
Their rememare good for food. Your ears are large. Our sceptres are sceptres of gold and silver. brance. The shrines of their (m.) idols are great. Their (m.)

His robes are very ways are ways of pleasantness. The pillars of that temple are lofty. costly.

EXERCISE
Gr.
p.

16.

60,

Rem.
ill

1.

cornfloor

strength
cloak

?# gate
PIS"]!!

reproach
lot,

ruin
gate
delight
5

/H smoothness;
7
steer

part

heifer

bow
tent

(f.)

a deed

JHT seed; offspring

month
Translate
:

n

aspect, appearance

^^

mr

non
Sin:

wn

nn

Sin:n 'Sna* nr

nin

ns

16

HEBREW PRIMER.

tagtoi tenna npS

nt

nwn

PKITTIK

jn?

Our
lot.

ruins.
(f.)

Our

seed.

Your

(m.) deeds.

Their

(f.)

Cornfloors (f. ending). The reproach. Thy steers are in the cornfloors. The gates of her city are
high.

God
is

is

our strength.

The reproach of thy (m.)

offspring

great.

Your

(m.) silver sceptres.

We

have

subst.) gold and Their (m.) ways are not my ways. His tents All my delight is in them (m.). are tents of delight. Yahwe. This is their lot from

many

slaves,

and much (use 11, a

silver.

EXERCISE
Gr. p. 60,

17.

Rem.

2,

pp. 61, 152,

c,

d.

3 with verbal noun
S
well, pi.

=

when.

nma,

constr.

eating

1^
*rfag

corpse

shoulder
~ ?

standing
stench

/

*Tp5 punishing

^X?

S3^

saying
Translate :

D*0

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
onfc

17

Hfpa

D??
"intf

(after)

spun

nart

eating.

Thy

(f.)

eating.

Her

(f.)

standing.
shoulder.

The
His

stench of the corpses
well.

is

very bad.

Thy
the

Your

(m.) saying.

When you

eat this (in your

eating).
AYells of

punisheth water and wells of bitumen

AVhen God

wicked

(D^J&JH).

(1??tO-

When

the

man

stood in the gate of the city.

EXERCISE
WEAK

18.

FORMS.

Gr. p. 60 (L).

in sharp

>w/tt

72 whole,

total

C]3

jjalm (of hand), du.
great, D'31

D^3

*=|b

den, lair

31
]*P

many

H2D

booth, hut

end
time,
-!.

tt^
])1.

r

they dwelt he dwelt, abode

TO
T:~

niny

3t?J

outing

in mountain^/*'
121.nl!
'-

p.

evil,

bad
see Gr. p. 21.
1,

H13 cow (=parrd )
-V
:

gutturals.

lc
-I

18
Translate

HEBREW PRIMER.
:

rh$r\ nij-nn

nhsn
|-

nhntD o^sa
-

NTH rnrn nto rnn TTO D*sn
|

VT

T

f

3

The
the

peoples, all of them, are mine.

The shouting of

princes.

My

times

(f.

ending).
lion

They dwelt

in

booths on the mountains.

The

abode in his

lair.

God
thin.

is

my

might.

The peoples of the earth are many.
the earth.

Many mountains are upon Thy (f.) princes, all
(

My

palms are

of them, are wicked.

The
near

end came to

/$)

my

people.

Their end

is

(*!

EXERCISE
.

19.

.

.

Gr. pp. 60, 61.

^
street, pi.

water, constr.

^

kid

^
j)!

pw

bucket

weapon, vessel
jH he saw, heeded

wine

^Hi river
j^_ eye,

weak, tender,

f.

H^

D^3^ eyes

(f.)

?

captivity

*T9 fruit
T? goat, pi

beauty

middle

^[S^ he poured

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
Translate
:

19

rwn

nja

ntaten vnipn-n

jrg

Those oxen are

lean.

He saw them
fruit is

in the streets.

Her eyes

are weak.

Your

very good.

All these
the

kids of the goats belong to that man. tender kids in the midst of the streets.

Ye killed He poured
is

the
(f.)

waK-r of the river into his bucket.

How great

thy

beauty

!

The

trees of the land yielded not their fruit.

He poured
saw

their

wine on the ground.

Their great

God

their grievous oppression.

EXERCISE
SING.

20.

PLUB.

"EH a word
"D"!

&^?*1 words
1ta

word of the man DHNP!
ln y

p^!

words of the man

H

word

The
Word

rest of the plural

j5^ thy (m.)

ionim!
like

exactly
in

thy

(

f.

)

word

Dobfc

Ex.]

I,

20
SING.
his

HEBREW PRIMER.
PLUR.

word

but keeping
a)
in

i

(not
first

ner word

the

our word

syllable before

the

your (m.) word

heavy suffixes khem,
khen, hem, hen.

your
!

(f.)

word
word

their (m.) their
(f.)

t

word
(i.)

Learn the above, and
(ii.)

form the

rest of the pi.

;

write out
pi.,

rW*,

constr. JT^?, with all suffixes sing.

and

on the model of

nj?, Ex.

13,

but keeping

i

(not a) in the shut first syllable; see Gr. p. 62.

EXERCISE
Gr. pp. 62, 72 col.
J
1, perf.

21.

qal of strong verb.

spotted

""H^ ring-fence, fold

curse

TO
N7^

he fled
fearful,

7^p proverb D^l ? bricks
1

awful

HK
pS

cedar

1#! he slept; adj. asleep

D^5

wings

(f.)

N^

prophet

white

Translate

:

niE^

^
n

^^S?
Dpnn

D '^?

HD

^

ELEMENTARY EXEECISES.

21

a

N*n

nj5j

I^y

Rvb

rvan

np; n^n
nis*-no

ntow

n^

inn??pa

Your
words.

old

men

are as boys.

Deep waters
sleep

are

my
of

They The eternity).
(pausal)
I

slept

an

everlasting

(sleep
is

king's

good thy (m.) Heardst thou the awful curses of the

sleep fled.

How

prophet? All of them are asleep in that great city. The cedars of the mountains are tall. His wings are
very white.
fences
servants.

Ye

gave

me some
is

of your bricks.

Her
his

are high.

He

spake pleasant

words

to

Their proverb

excellent in our eyes.

He

came
ptcp.

to the folds of the sheep.

In our folds

lie

m.

pi.)

the spotted goats.

EXERCISE

22.

Gr. pp. 62, 63.

Vowels mutable: pj
Z^'
tree

DW

T

days

}3 son

n

a fish
fish (coll.)

name

iW

T

hand, du.

22

HEBREW PRIMER.
:

Vowels immutable

1? a light, lamp, pi. fill? 13 stranger, resident foreigner

place

;

(fill)

shadow
*

near holy
complete, perfect
pleasant, amcenus
star
seat,

^5*7 before

J^S stream

tDi$ judge
DJ sea,
pi.

DTP!

SinP planted
dwelling

#0$

he heard

right

hand

1*5?

150

^
nja
rate

rtrt^T?! on

A

lamp

lamps of

my feet is thy word! He made its (f.) How many are the fishes of the sea! gold.
to

What is thy name? I know not the names of the sons I heard the sound (voice) of the of these strangers. pleasant streams of water. My son stood before his
judges.

Days of

distress (n*TC) are near to you.

This

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
is

23

the

place

people.
little

He

of the dwelling of the Holy One of my took that sword from the hands of his
is the
is

son.

God

holy judge of

all the earth.

All

his delight

(fH)

in the
all.

perfect of mankind.
is his

His

hands made 0&?V) us
his son's
p.

What

name, and what
see Gr.
the

name?
init.)

(use

maqqef
trees.

in both clauses;

36,

ad

We

were sitting (ptcp. qal) in

pleasant

shadow of the

Under
to

(in)

thy shadow

sat all the nations
fish

which are near

thy land.

The

of the seas are more numerous than (Gr. p. 137) the

sons of man.

EXERCISE
Gr. p. 64.
offence 4uxu>U>
'

23.

tOSfc^p

judgment; custom
a track, path
pillar

maker
a work

73 V

niD
JlNteP!
JVJ93

DJH shepherd,
substanee^t&pl cattle

a

sin,

offence

cleanness, purity

throne

|*3

between

nn?3 terroryW-Uuur'
H he
set

pro he pulled down
P17QJ3 grave

up

to chase hotly

J1EW

former,

first

a

command

Translate:

nb>y

nax

24

HEBJJEW FlilMEK.

njsn

DHNbn

Tpsy

rvn ?

1

*^n

nnxtn

ntate

nii

dn

onS

n;

* Tell thou.

With purity
and sincere

of hands he did this.

Great are

the

works of Yahwfe.

All the works which he did were just

(justice

and

sincerity).
is

He came from
is

his

field in the evening.
sin,

What

our offence, what

our

that thou hast hotly chased after us?

Ye

kept

all

my

commands and

my judgments.
the

And
the

there was
cattle of

strife (1'T'iT))

between

herdsmen of

'Abram, and between the herdsmen of the cattle of L6t. The upright walk in paths of straightness (p*TC)- He He broke pulled down the pillar (J"Q^?) of the house.

up the
p. 23,

pillars of
1),

God's house.

Thy

throne C7)^??, Gr.

note

God,

is

for ever!

Her

pillar is

high.
is

He

set

up

their thrones for these judges.
(to)

very There

no remembrance of

former things (m.).

EXERCISE
Gr. pp. 24, 56,
ll
(

24.

a, 65, 66.

=

harrash) craftsman
hirrish) deaf

?fijl

camel,

pi.

d

(=

small
Jtpj5

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.

25
chariots, coll.

(=
Translate

parrash) horseman

33^

jy neck, sing,
:

and

pi.,

constr. "iNtt,

n^V.

He

fell

upon

his neck.

He

put an iron yoke

(

7P3

upon the neck of all the nations. Ye put your feet upon The king's horsemen (*$?H3) the necks of those kings. He gave these have taken the camels of the strangers.
stones to the deaf craftsmen (D'Phnn D*BhlTJ).
little

These

stones are precious.

That man

is

a smith

7p3).

My
fell

father!

my

father! the chariots

(KHH and horsehis cloak

men
(the

of Yisrd'el (Gr. p. 134,

ad fin.)

\

He took

which

from upon him

(/???).

young) brother?

How

Is this your youngest good and how pleasant is the

Thy dwelling (fa#) of brothers together (:TP-D3)! These are the sons of 'Add, wife of "Esdw. The days of the years of the life of your
wife abode in that city.
fathers

were many.

Your daughter
the
is

is

very

fair.

He

slew those

men

with

edge (mouth) of the sword.

Why
and

didst thou say, She

(Cr^nn)

my

father,

and

my

sisters.

He

preserved mother, and my brothers, my built for them houses of hewn

my

sister?

Ye

stone (J"TO).

These were

men

of

renown (name).

Ye

deserve death (sons of death are ye), because ye watched

not over (7?) your lord(pl. intens.).

EXERCISE

25.
1.

Gr. pp. 72, col.
rh\l leaf, foliage
ii<

^tOD outstretched

Id

N'3} prophet

26
lowliness

HEBREW PRIMER.
WfiV perverse
"15?

he walked
bliss (pi. of state)

blind

d?X dumb
Pl7T|

interpreter

plunder

(^ere*

firm)

Translate

:

liy Jrrip^

^
ni

^b
vn

nSv|

IT

n?
n
-op?
I^D

^

bwnfc^?

The
I took

leafage of that tree withered not.

From

the tree

some of

his leafage.

All of them are

dogs.

They walked
in his

like the blind in the
I

dumb streets. He

walked in lowliness of heart.

words

mouth.

He
(f.)

have put (given) my will not shed innocent blood.

Wilt thou remember
the bliss

the words of the wise prophet?
(ptcp.) his statutes!

of those

who keep
!

Pour

out (m.) before him your heart!
daughter, to (3)

my voice
me and
!

I will

Hearken thou, my remember my covenant
Hearken
to

which

is

between

between you.

me,

ye who pursue

justice

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.

27

EXEECISE
Gr. pp. 72, col.
2, 3,

26.

137, 144, 145.

7*15 to

be great, grown up

3j?l
*)f?

to rot to be
to lie

to

draw near
heavy
over
(

angry

to be

down

able, to prevail

/)

;

is,
J

or will be able

to be
pfift

brought low

to be afraid, *39p of ...

to be sweet

j*K (is, was, etc.)

not
.
.

to be clothed

fi&O / to meet

.

c. suff.

Translate

:

n-n

1

en

^3
n^p nnx
pi

cniw ibpS Sjin-DN

SIN^ Dtrns^'
* Or.
p.

ic^N*

mpftrrnx

1H

(c).

f Gr. p. 141 (a).

28

HEBREW PRIMER.
city shall be

The

over me.

brought low. Canst thou count the
After

prevailed not stars of heaven? I

They

cannot count them.

whom

art thou pursuing?

more just than I. He will draw near to meet The eyes of lofty ones (D^nh^l) shall be thee (m.).

Thou

art

And the brought low. Thou wast afraid of them. woman said, Art thou Yo'ab? and he said, I am. That
which
unto
them.
I feared
Shd'iil.

came to me. And the The land was not able

battle

was heavy
1

to bear (fitfb ?)

lord the king, be the guilt, and the And lo, Shd'ul was king and his throne be innocent!

On me, my

lying

asleep in

his

tent,

I around (filMD) him. with which Yahwe was angry against

and the people lying was afraid of the wrath

(pi.)
(6)5$)

(vfi) you.
is

I

cannot (impf.) bear
for

all this
.

people, for

it

too heavy

me

(heavy from me)

EXERCISE

27.

Gr. p. 72, col. 4.
3
J

he

is

great, powerful

DH 7} he fought
self against
;

he was wary, guarded he escaped he sware

c.

"{

?

fl*!??

he

is

cut off

Tl&J he was parted, separated

Parse

:

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
Translate
:

29

-in

39*?

teja

nn

B^
Beware, for thine

Sins

StobrS

own

sake

(*|7)

!

They have not
your
lives!

been cut
(Y*$)

off.

Ye

shall

beware

for

How

sna ^

we

escape?

These escaped from his hand.
!

From
face

the

camp

of Yisra'el have I escaped
I will

Before the

(?p^V) of all the people
from

be honoured.

That
buried

soul has been cut off
in his father's grave.

its

people.

He was

Pleasant were they in their life, and in their death they were not parted (pausal 9ere).

Thou

shalt

beware of every

evil

thing p^H).

And

Absalom (Di7^!3X) ben-David had a fair sister (to Absalom was a fair sister), and her name was Tamar.
I

cannot escape from them.

Escape

(f.)

for (^S) thy
iinperf.),

And
il

the

PTishtim
(<:il

i:;itli(-iv<l
:ill

(nif.

and
canst

:ifli(T'-d

iinx-rt'.)

Vi-r;i'('-l.

Thmi

30
not fight with
been a

HEBREW PRIMER.
(Dtf)

him, for thou art a boy, and he has
his youth.
its

man

of

war from

He

took their king's

coronet from off his head ; and
of gold.

weight was a talent

EXERCISE
PI'EL

28.

AND HITHPA'EL.

Gr. p. 73

;

Perfect and Impf. with
pp. 144-149.

Waw

conversive,

333 he stole

;

deceived

#[53

he sought
he sanctified

U2&

he fulfilled (a vow)

Tpp he cursed 3 Sin he slandered, acted
7JJ

BHp 7?^
as spy

he bereaved

"IS?

he atoned

for,

pu.

was forgiven

Translate

:

:PIVT_

^

jnan

Dny

is?

K n-n

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
ifinp&

31

in Sn

This day thou (m.) shalt not
will

tell

good news.
sin

I

make atonement

for

them.

Thy
(fltt)

shall

be

expiated (pu. of TSD).
forgiven you (7).

This guilt

shall

not be

And
pay

he

stole the heart of the

men

of

Yisra'e'l.

I will

my vow which 1 vowed
!

to

Yahwe.

Gather together
said,

(nif.),

ye sons of Ya'aq6b! The
Is the
(f.)

woman
He

Let

my

lord the king speak
all

hand of Y6'ab

with (HN) thee in

this?

Fulfil

thy vows!

abode there two years in days, and the king's face he

saw

not.

And

thus said he in his cursing.

Make thou
vow!

atonement for us!

Unto thee

shall be paid the

And

he slandered thy servant to

my
(pi.

lord the king.

Tell ye (m.) not glad tidings in the streets (fiWH) of

'Aahqlon!

I

Yahwe am

sanctifying

ptcp.) Yisra'e'l.
(pi.

And
f*2p)

I

will take

you from the

nations,

and gather

of

to

you from all the lands. What can we say (impf.) my lord, what can we speak, and how (PlD) can we
oinxlves
(p"TC,
tliu

hith.

impf.;

see Gr. p. 27, 2)?

God

hath

found

^uilt

of thy servants.

And

I

^-'J'. hith.)

from

my

sin

32

HEBREW PKIMER.

EXERCISE
HIF'IL

29.

AND HOF'AL.
made peace with

he finished, executed
he threw (hof. pass.)

;

(fiN)

he delivered up T? into power of he brought low, humbled
;

he rose early
JTHBTl he destroyed
Parse

H^H
12

he cut off

back

:

Translate

:

nn
tnpinn

:

D-no onja

DD
v

:

i

T5
a
* See Gr.
p. 154,

nn-nt<
f Or. p. 150 (c).

complementary verbs.

J Gr. p. 149 (a).

Gr. p. 158,

NB.

(2).

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.

33

He threw
a stone upon

stones

upon them. Did not a woman throw him from (/J?5) the wall? Thou shalt not

swear (precative) to destroy him (/K, with jussive). Will me that thou wilt not cut off my seed after me
!

they deliver

me and my men

into the

hand of

my

foe?

The pride of the wicked he will humble. And they made peace with Yisrd'el. And all rny will (]^D) he
will execute.

down thy rod

I will not destroy that city. Throw Thou shalt be cast out before Par'6(h).

In his heart is to cut off (?, with infin. of thy grave. And God said, Be constr.) nations not a few (Jtoyfc)!
there
%

(

JV) an

and
and

let it

expanse (STpl) in the midst of the waters, divide (TO, hif. jussive with \) between waters
(7, pretonic).

(to)

waters

The expanse

divides

(hif.

ptcp.)

between the waters which are below (7 finrtf?) the heavens, and the waters which are above (? 7$?D) the
heavens.

EXERCISE
VERB WITH

30.

SUFFIXKS.

Gr. pp. 78, 79.

)*?p

he gathered, collected
pierced, thrust through
evil), c.

^71 he
7$;!

he did to another (good or
!>

dupl. ace.

old

r ~~' lie
n<1

drew
^

(a

sword
'1

i

34
Translate
:

HEBREW PRIMER.

*m 7333
J

rnto

'381

nnn

53

rim

rnjrn ^snn

DV
nstrn Dv-nx
-

*

* Or.

p. 151,

1.

6.

He did us good. Ye did him harm. Judge me, Yah we, according to my righteousness (pTX).
not destroy it. good (m.) and not evil (m.)
(f.)

Thou

shalt

She has done him

bribes

Thy (f.) judges take wicked against the innocent. (HW) thrust him through. I have consecrated (hif. They KHp) thee. Gather thou us from the nations. They repay
from
the

me

(impf.) evil

(f.)

for

(J"infl)

good

(f.).

I will

honour

Thou makest him rule (hif. (pi. *U3) thee greatly. And he sought impf.) over the works of thy hands. him all the days, and God gave him not (pf.) into his
hand.

Lo
all

I

(^H) am about

to gather

them
old,

(pi. ptcp.)

from

the lands.

Behold thou art

and thy

sons do not walk (pf.) in thy ways; now appoint a king (hif. of ^?p) over (V) us, to judge us like the
nations.

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.

35

EXERCISE

31.

THE PE GUTTURAL VERB.
Gr. pp. 82, 83
to devise
to cease
;

see also pp. 4, 24. to crave, love

j*H

*lpn to need, lack

to leave, forsake to stand

^H

to kill

^|57 to turn, change
till

13V

to work, to prop;

hif. to believe, c. 7, to

trust in,

c.

21.

Parse:
rr

-ay

nnx

:hn!

pT

--

Translate

:

rush
%(

'nb

?

Sins ? nsKpo i??5n pV iS ntrn:-S

1

wnV

DT?
*

v^s
v-S^n. xS

cnS

nn

rx

nn~x nn
rarn

'jrn

* Gr.

p. 50,

ad

init.

\ Gr.

]>.

Ill (3).

36

HEBREW PRIMER.
T

trn T -:

DTINI run >y CMPTI a v v T v
v:
(

T

T

-

:

-

-:

-

rnrpj

rate

Thou

didst not forsake

them

(pf.) in

the desert.

Ye

have not forsaken your brethren.

Thou

wilt not leave

my my

soul to

Sh e> 61.

Thou

lovest (imperf.) not sacrifice.

And

I will not forsake she ceased to speak unto her. He will kill with the hail their vine And people
! !

he stood between the dead and (between) the living. His sons will forsake my law. Why (JJYtb) is the house
of

God
for

forsaken

(nif. pf.)?

Let

me

alone (cease from

me) my days are a breath (/3H). The land shall Ye shall devise evil in your be forsaken (nif. impf.).
All the heart against each other (Gr. p. 50, ad init). waters were turned into (7) blood. Who is able to stand
before

Yahw&?

And

he made him stand before Par'6.

EHp, 7 prefixed) in (7) the eyes of Yisra'6l. Cease ye (ethic dat.) from man, in whose nostril is a breath, for wherein (i"l3) is he worth heeding (nif. ptcp.
c.

Ye

have not trusted in me, to hallow

me

(hif. inf.

The

nif.

ptcp.

often

=

Lat.

gerundive,

e.g.,

laudandus) ?

EXERCISE
THE PE 'ALEF

32.

(N"S) VERB.

Gr. p. 84.
to eat

Tl^

to be lost, perish

"TON to say

inj< to love; see Gr. p. 108.

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
Translate
:

37

anj

^ cnS

nafcj

.

DrvS$ T&K no

DV-TJ?

h SIDK

farrpj

S

nen
nefen

nay

nrin^

T^

n^xn

oin

* Gr.

p. 148, 4.

f Gr. p. 141

(c).

Ye
shall
.shalt

spake unto me,* saying,
perish
al>i(l<

What

is his

name?
but
sliall
(1)

They
thou

(pausal

form with

^ere*),

(stand)!
(NJ),

Ye

will say,

What

we eat?
(1)

Say
the

(f.)

now

Thou
tree

art

my
is

sister.

But

from

fruit
n,

of the
said

which
shall

in the

middle of the
it!

God,

Ye
>lialt

not eat from

The

woman gave
and he
ate.

also (D3) to her

husband with her (D?),
all //i0

Oust

thou cat
{..

days of thy

life

* Gr.

l.-.U

(c).

38
(D^H)!

HEBREW PRIMER.

And

the

women
*
!

said

(impf.

with

1

conv.)^
heart,
(SJ3),

True (|TW), Saith the fool (S?J) in his king There is no ("J^) God. Trees ye have planted
but ye shall not eat of
(2PIX, impf.
c.
1

(J2?)

their fruit!

And

I

loved
all

conv.)

Yisra'e*!

more than (p)

peoples of the earth.

In the day of your eating (see

Gr.

p. 84, K"S,

ad

init.)
is

from
lost

it,

I will

punish you
3

!

The
Gr.

way

of the wicked

(freq.
!

impf.

sing.

p. 141,

B

(c),

f.

sere" in last syll.)

* Gr.

p. 140,

ad

init.

EXERCISE

33.

VERBS 'AYIN GUTTURAL.
Gr. p. 85.

3 to

redeem, ransom

rPHJ

possession, heritage

to bless (pu. pass.)
to

HW to destroy
.

to lean,

7j?

upon

.

,

to rest

Parse

:

Translate

:

*

draw near! Gr.

p. 70, 8.

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
nxt
i

39

rbxw nx
ip
srSan v v '
I

natrn
: .

nv-m
:

DfiStftf nefc v
v
-:

nun "

pin

pin

Bhpn-Dy en ?

1

n^g D^TOSJ

?b

o
in

:

spja D^nj

rnrrW

May God
bless ye

bless us (impf.

c. suff.)

!

House of
I will

Yisrd'61,
thc-e

Yahwe!

Ask thou of me, and
!

give
I

the nations for thy heritage

From

death will

redeem
!

them.

And

I, I

know my Avenger ( TW)

liveth
!

He
I

hath blest thy

(f.)

sons in thy midst (qirb)

Above
!

women
will

in the

tent shall she be blest (pu. impf.)

bless

those

who

bless

thee

(ptcp.

with

suff.)!

Have ye not asked whence yonder (Gr. p. 43, b) man has come? Rest yourselves under (Hnn) the trees.

When
sull.j
nif.).

they leaned upon thee (in their leaning,

inf. c.

thou begannest to break

in

pieces ("HIT, impf.

All the nations of the earth shall bless thcmsclvi-s

(hithpa.) in the<*!
It

I'pon ("^X) thine

own understanding
in T

not lean.

A woman

asked of

m-i-hboup

40

HEBREW PRIMER.
ornaments

(5)
for

of silver and ornaments of

gold.

Ask

(sing,

f.)

him the kingdom,

for

he

is

my

elder brother (Gr. p. 137 (1) (2).

EXERCISE

34.

VERBS LAMEDH GUTTURAL.
Gr. pp. 86-88, 4, 24.
to send

J?j?a

to cleave

to hear
still

HH3
I
.
.
.

to

open

am

VyP
J"l2to

to be satisfied
to anoint

.o,

I

!

= here am I

np3

to

open

n?fc? to forget

Translate

:

* SipS

v

a

wx

n

ova
.

1x2
' '
'

pin ovn
T
'

7

nbn?-|:y

BFKff?
IDK
n

D

rhm

-n^t

Si-n

j

nan oinp ni^ya Vp?; njn

ov

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.

41

ibm
* Gr.

pj-Sa rtbron-ja rnrr nayj
p. 147, 1 (a).

Then
They

(IN) shall the eyes of *A0 blind

nif. impf.).

Thou

(f.)

didst eat,

be opened (HpS, and wast not satisfied.
1,

shall eat,

and be
shalt eat,

satisfied (pf. c.

and 9er6 in

pause).

Thou

and not be

satisfied.

Thou

hast forgotten (f.) the covenant of thy God. Send ye one of your number (from you one). Pray send one
of thy brethren. God will send me before you. is not going to dismiss thee (PN, with suff. and
ptcp.).

He
pi.

And
may

I said

unto thee, Let

my

son go
suff.);

(pi.

imp.)

that he

serve
pi.

me

Q,

c.

impf. and

and thou

refusedst

(JNfc,

impf.

c.

waw

conv.) to let

him go

(/, c. inf. pi.

and

suff. i).

ptcp.) a famine
(qal impf. c.
*1)

in

Lo, I am about to send (hif. the land. And the earth opened

her mouth, and swallowed them and their families (D^!l). If I forget thee (impf. c. f. suff),

Y riisluilayim,
e

let

my

right hand forget (impf. 3

f.).

EXERCISE
VERB PE NUN

35.

(j"5).

Gr. p. 89; see also p. 27.

jrO to put. ;jiv

^V? to keep, guard

pproacb

^5? to

fall

42
(in hif.) to

HEBREW
declare

PRIMER.
to kiss

pK

(in hif.) to escape

Translate

:

roarn

s ne

^n&r

^n?? vnfiji V3? nn ovn

nnn

h

M

n^
(2).

* Gr. p. 143

We
from

cannot escape

(nif. inf. constr. c.
'

??

of

^^) from
a

the face

of the king of Asshiir.

He

cannot deliver you

my

hand.

Thou

shalt not give

up p3D,

hif.)

slave to his lord, that escapeth (nif. iinpf.

^3)

unto

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
thee from (D?5) his lord.

43

He

will deliver

you from

the

hand of your
bid

foes.

I will give as

(kaasher) ye

may

me

(say to

me, impf.); so (and) give ye
wife.

me

(7) the

damsel p?3) for
earth.

Iron

is

taken (hof. impf.) out of

Their daughters

we

will take to us for wives.

And

next
told

pHX) Y6sef drew
(impf. pu.) to
fled
(pf. qal

near

(pf.

nif).

And

it

Ldbdn on the
PTa).

third day that

(r), how (Y^) thou wrotest all these words from his mouth. He sent me to tell thee all these things. From dread of
the foe

Ya'aq6b had

Tell us, pray

thou wilt keep

my

life.

EXERCISE
VERBS PE

36.
v/

WAW AND
ad

PE YODH

(V'S,

3).

Gr. pp. 90-92;
also pp. 6 note 1, 7
init.,

25, 26,

Weak

Letters.

]

to

sit,

dwell

pJJ
hif.

to suck

"V to

seize,

occupy;

dispossess, expel

T/J to bear, beget
*s|*?n

*1) to fashion (as a potter)
tfyi to
"T1J

to walk,

go

be dry

JTT to

know

to

go down

>^

M

(in hif.) to save,

rescue

Translate

:

44

HEBREW

PRIMER.

rft rgSS

^

njn

x inh

* Gr.

p. 147, 1 (a).

f Gr. p.
(c).

144

(3).

J Gr. p. 141

And he they (f.) bare sons and daughters. I was not known (nif. pf.) to them. begat (hif.) a son. This man Lo, thy wife take her and go (1 pretonic)
And
;
!

was born

(pf.
!

pu.) there.

Save me,

God!
t

Teach me

House of Ya'aq6b, come ye ($?) that we may walk (impf. in PI, with \) in the light of Yah we!
thy statutes

Wilt thou go with me to the battle ? Prolong thy kindness to those who regard (5TP) thee, and thy And from all guerdon (PIjTTV) to the upright of heart
!

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
his

45

troubles

(fiilV)

he saved him.

Y6se*f

was taken

down (TV, hof. land which thy

pf.) into

God

is

occupy it (nj^^h^). he had sworn to give them, and they occupied dwelt in it. They were unable to expel
nations.

Egypt (HtnVO). This is the about to give (ptcp.) to thee, to And he gave them the land which
it,

and
the

all

EXERCISE
VERBS 'Arm

37.
V/

WAW

AND 'Arm YODH

(VJJ,

JJ).

Gr. pp. 93-97.

to depart

JVfc?

to set, put to flee
to arise

to

go back, return

D^
tttp

JUS to die
[/v*4**X/VK-

D^H to be exalted, lifted
D'fc>

up
tDtt (nif.) to totter

to set, put
(nif.) to retire, fall

back

Parse:

Translate

:

Nnn
:

tr^n nov nto
nrjNft

^:-

\\:",

^S

^D

:

75?

46

HEBREW PRIMER.
jrnx Dnori
fi
*

*\hvh Tip

tj

mo u&o

TjSjK or? '? Ufc

'390

VPIK

s *. "to A

ta^ ? ^wn n^n
1

* I

V

no

nionn

* Gr.

p. 143, 2.

f Gr. p. 150 (c).

t Gr. p. 149, note 2.

He
impf.).

hath said in his heart, I shall not totter

(nif.

He was
is

not able to

kill

My money
go
(nif.

restored (hof. 1U?).

me And

(hif.

inf.
(f.),

c.

?).

thou

arise,

to thy house!

Backward
raakest

(*flHN) I

have not

fallen

^D).

Thou

him

rule over (?) the works of

thy hands; all thou hast put (W) under his feet. Lofty eyes thou wilt humble (hif. Sfifc?). Know ye that
I

am God;

I will be exalted

among

the nations, I will

be exalted in the earth (qal impf.)! Above (JO) thou wilt raise me (pil. assailants (ptcp. of Dip)

my

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.

47
Depart from
(JNJ).
).

Ye
me,
art

shall not
all

make me

a judge

(hif.

D^).

doers

(/J?3, ptcp.)

of wickedness

Thou
thy

my

God,

I will extol
lifted

thee (paus.
c.

;[

And

heart will be

up (pf. qal 1), who brought thee forth (N'yfa) from the forget thy God, house of slaves, who guided thee fp/, hif. ptcp. with
art.

and thou wilt

and

suff.) in

the great desert.
impf. "J^H)

And Yahw& made
east

the sea depart

(hif.

by a strong
hif.

wind

all
(*?)

the night ; and he

made (D^,
of the

impf.) the sea into
(J?p^,
nif.

dry land This (f.)
ratified

;

and the waters divided
the
hif.

impf.).

is

sign
pf.)

covenant which I have

(Dip,
is

between
earth.

me and

(between)

all

flesh

which

upon the

(qal juss.) to his house, lest

Let him go and return he be killed (die) in the

war.

EXERCISE

38.

VERBS DOUBLE 'AYIN
Gr. pp. 98-101.

(5TJJ).

MD
ir

to
to

go round
1><

^? to spoil <?^
ID
end
to plunder

wasted

"
ri

to finish, intr. to

J?W snow
'?$ to roll

i

to be pure /&*/iWX)

o
Parse
:
1

-

rrrj

:

-

nsj

DKTX

w

48
Translate
:

HEBREW PRIMER.

:

DnS hyw

njn!
Ttert

D^?
1

>?
]

nan jnaa

ptari

pinn

to^
nn?i

13

nSi
s

SW

b'WS unWiS tpn

^3

n'

-

Dws

nn
-

-

mrv
v
;

nrrprn

nn^n

* Hif.

juss.

f According to thy slaying, H1D,

hif. inf.

J Gr. p. 147.

Inceptive impf.

All the

(7, c. inf. "OS?).

And men

people had finished crossing the Yard^n And that year ended (qal impf. c. }). ye shall go round (pf. qal c. *)) the city, all the of war, girdling (inf. hif. tjpJ) the city once. Thou

hast profaned the

of thy God (pi. 77)1). And all the cattle and spoil of the cities we carried off (ID) for

name

ourselves (for us).

They have

laid

waste

(hif. pf.) all

the

cities

pron.)

of thy country. They stood still (ptcp. and until all these words were ended (Dhny).
(nif.

Sinners shall be destroyed

DH)

from the earth.

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
Cast (773) upon Yahwe thy path. her princes 0*7?) purer than snow (7tt) their sins I will waste them

49
I will

And
(hif.

make
For

(hif. pf. c. 1).

impf.

c. suff.).

the people go round (hif. shortened by way of the desert. And Ya'aq6b drew impf. near, and rolled (hif. impf. c. *1) the stone from upon
c. *1)

And God made

the

mouth of the

well.

EXERCISE

39.

VERBS LAMEDH 'ALEF
Gr. pp. 102-104.

fi

to find
to call

;

to

happen to

#yp

to hate

to fear

xSfc to be fuU

%$&* <^

Parse

:

Translate

:

n?vn

n^S nn; ^?'^n

cni

50
ftBtyj

HEBREW PRIMER.
nra

rm
niao* 'ntf
njn*S
:

yra VATV

ttTi :IT

TK^-MNI v v
I
:

* Gr.

p.

149,

The Imperative.

The waters of Dim6n are

filled

with blood

(pf. qal).

We
of

will

fill

(pi.

impf.) our houses with
(pi. ptcp.).

spoil.

I will

hate (qal) thy haters
all the vessels

What
Set

hast thou found

of thy house?

(D'fc>) it

here

(PI3)

before

my
me

brethren and thy brethren, that they
c.
1.)

may
They

arbitrate (1"G\ hif. impf.

between us two.

sought
Fill

(pi.

#p2), and

I

was not found
!

(nif. pf.).

ye the waters in the seas
shall

And God

said to him,
;

Thy name
called his

no longer be called Ya' aq6b
Yisrd'el.

and he

name

And

you, ye hated me, and

sent

me away from (with) you. Hast thou found me, my foe? And he said, I have found thee! Wherefore hath all this befallen us? He will not find thee, and Thou hast thrown off ($tD3) thy will kill me (pf.)people the house of Ya'aq6b because (*D) they are full
of (JD) the East
;

_(qal pf.)

and

his land has filled (nif.
is

impf.
(|'8)

c.

waw

conv.) with silver and gold, and there
to his treasures

no

end

(Prjf?)

(T^K,

pi. Hi).

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.

51

EXERCISE
VERBS LAMEDH HE
1

40.

(IT ?

=

*h

=

Gr. pp. 104-107.

to build

iMJl^t-

PID3 to cover

to
it

wander
was
hot,

iTO to be exiled

?

to

.

.

=

he was enraged
Pl1

to to

weep
make, do

(pi.

pu.) to order, bid

JTPI to live

to turn

round

Parse

:

Translate

:

nanp
oaf?

* Or.

p.

144

(3).

| Gr. p.

149

(a).

52

HEBREW PRIMER.

a

Sip *B'?3

wri
*
Intensity gained

npin?

D^
5, c.

by

repetition,

cf.

Or. p. 151, a,

f Gr. p. 154,

ad fin.

I did according to all that he shalt turn in the

commanded me.
(pf. c.
1.)

Thou

morning and go

to thy tents.

Thou

hast forgiven (N&0) the guilt of thy people, and
(pi. pf.) all their sin.
fall

thou hast covered

Thy

sons and

thy daughters by the sword shall

(paus.

c.

holem),

and thy land with the line shall be portioned out, and thou in a heathen (NDP) land shalt die, and
Yisra'el
shall

surely

be

exiled

from
c.

(7$?5)

his

own

land!
blood!

Earth, cover not thou ("/^,

impf. pi.)

my

The daughter of Yiftah went, she and her

companions, and she wept for (7$) her maiden-hood

upon

the
e

mountains.

The

king

of

'Asshiir

took

Sh6m
'

r6n,

and transported
(accus.

(hif.

jussive ITO)
settled
is

Yisra'e'l
hif.

to

Asshiir

ending),
cities.

and
There

(impf.

Sfc^)
(inf.

them

in

his

a time for birth

IT), and a time for dying ; a time for weeping and a time for laughing Order (inf. constr.), (pMB>). household (?), for thou art about to die (ptcp.), thine

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
and
shalt not live
!

53

This do, and live (sing, verbs,

J)

!

Thy

guides

(pi.

ptcp. *1$N) are misleaders (hif. ptcp.

EXEECISE

41.

VERBS DOUBLY WEAK.
Gr. pp. 108-110.

Translate

:

^I

03*1

* Into
M

ti

The
is

article

may

be prefixed to the constr.

the genitive
night.

a proper name.
(b).

f J

By

Gr. p. 132

}Vho art thou that thoufcarcdst
Or.
p.

....
||

131

(a).

Inf. constr.

|W.

54

HEBKEW PRIMER.
*tto

'n

hxh

d'pfrtfS

^53 n$

Pray do not

evil

(J7JT),

hif.

impf.),
the

my
it

brothers!
life.

Remember

to fear thy

God

all

days of thy

When
more

(*3)

thou

tillest (impf.)

the ground,

shall

no

its strength to thee; a yield (add to give)

wan-

derer (JW, ptcp.) shalt thou become on the earth!

And

Midyan was brought low
Let

(5^3, nif. impf.) before the sons

of Yisra'e*!, and they did not raise their head again
(S)D*).

Hdgar

said,

me

not look on (3) the death of

the boy ; and she lifted

not smite every living
again to smite).

up her voice and wept. I will thing any more (I will not add

Only beware greatly (*!&&?, qal) to do the command and the law which M6she commanded
you, to love

Yahwe your

God, and to walk in

all his

ways, and to keep his commands, and to serve him with
all

your heart and with all your soul. And Sdrd said, Banish (BH3, pi. imper.) this handmaid (H^X) and her
for her son shall not inherit with (DS?)

son;

my

son:

and the word was very grievous (JftH) in the eyes of 'Abrdham. And M6she went up from the wilds (H^ny)
of M6'ab unto the mountain of

N b6
e

;

and Yahwe made

him

see all the land,

and

said unto him, This is the

land that I sware to 'Abraham, saying,
will give* it; I

To thy seed

I

have made thee see
* PausaJ
suff.

it

with thine eyes,

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.
but Q) thither thou shalt not pass over.

55

And

I

am

a

young

lad

;

I

know

not how to go out and come

in.

EXERCISE

42.

PAUSAL FORMS.
Gr. p. 37.

Translate

:

6

Din

union

T

n* v
:

w ^
-

1

T

!
:

nyn
-:

oSiy

ng-jn

D*

%

ai D^rftx

56

HEBREW PRIMER.

The high ones shall be brought low (J. The judgment of his God he has not forsaken (J. The covenant
of her

God

she has forgotten (:PirOE>).
(pi.

Their sons

have they sent away
not forget

fiW).

My

covenant ye must

(?,

c.

impf.).

He

said unto her,

Go

(p.);

and she went
of
7/Pl, c. '!)

(p.).

And N6ah commenced

(hif.

impf.

husbandman (man of the ground), and he
(J
).

planted a vineyard
impf. sing,
f.)

All things that crawl on
all fishes

(&?&*!,

the ground, and

of the sea, into

your hand are they given
note

(nif. pf.

paus.).

He was

fifty

years old (a son of fifty year)
p. 93,
3).

when

(}) he died (Gr.

Go out from
sons,

the Ark, thou, and thy

wife,

and thy

and thy

sons'
is

wives with thee

(p.).

And

he said unto him,

Ya'aq6b.
called

And

he

What said, No
Yisra'el.
;

thy name? and he

said,

longer shall thy
I will

name be

Ya'aq6b but

thank thee in a

great gathering

( 7P1J3)
!

amid a numerous (D^V) people
God, pity
soul
!

I will praise thee

Pity me,

me

(pn), for

in thee hath trusted (STOP!)

my

EXEKCISE

43.

THE NUMERALS.
Gr. pp. 66-68.

Translate

:

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES.

57

y&rn

Sra bny

ibny nan

npj

rnSjan

c^M?jj

D^
nDn v v

onajj

nwi
v

:

t\S }':

D^S^ on^nS
:

T

5D
:

:

v

He

dwelt on the mountain, and his two daughters
of his d.) with him.

(= two
come,

The fourth generation

shall return (pi.) hither (Hjn).

From

the four (f.)

winds

breath

(art.),
!

and breathe

(HSJ, imper.) into (5)
(f.) cities

these slain ones of Micrayim

There were five

in the land

speaking the language

(lip)

of

Kna an

f

"Eyl6n judged Yisrd'e*! ten (f.) years. Behold, the sun and the moon and eleven stars were bowing down
goest (in thy from me (HJ3M?), thou wilt find (pf. c. }) going) to-day two (constr.) men near (D5?) RdheTs grave. And they two made a covenant before Yahwe. I will not destroy
(ptcp.

ninig^H)

to

me!

When

thou

the city (Hn#,

hif.) if I find

there forty and

five.

And
on

the waters were gradually failing (going and failing,
inf. abs.")

until

p?)

the tenth
p. 151 (6)

month;
ad m<

in the tenth,

* Or.

58
the
first

HEBREW PRIMER.
of (?) the

month appeared

the

heads of the
the

mountains.

And

in the

second month, on

seven

and twentieth (20) day of the month, the earth had And Shd'iil went down, and with him dried (^3J).

3000 men (#*). The youth shall die 100 years old Those who were mustered were a (a son of 100 years).
hundred thousand, and one and
fifty

thousand, and eight

hundred and seventy

(=

151,870).

PART

II.

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT,
WITH

SHORT NOTES, AND REFERENCES
TO THE

MERCHANT TAYLORS' HEBREW GRAMMAR.

PART

II.

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

I-

The Creation of Heavens, Earth, and Light.

DV

62
a
c

HEBREW

PRIMER.
b

"At
3

first."

See Gr.

p.

130, No.

1.

Gr. p. 44, note
:

ad

init

d

sing. pf. qal of PTPI,

verb

IT'S,

Gr. p. 106; see

also p. 139,
e

N.B. and footnote.
1.

Notice absence of dagesh; Gr. p. 22, Dagesh,

/ Pretonic qameg; Gr. p. 17 (1).
9
h
k

Ptcp.

*|m; see Gr. p. 149, Participle, Paused qame9; Gr. p. 17 (1), 37 (a).
f.

piel of

1 (a).

Jussive of JTPJ (resolution of

VV

;

so *^3

N"S verb; Gr. p. 147, note 3, ad init. e doubled in way hi; Gr. p. 23, note 1.
1

became ^3). The yod not
2.

"
1

Impf. with
\

waw

conv. of

J1K"];

Gr. p. 24,

=

and

=

}

(labial

vowel) before a labial ;
conv.
fr.

wayyob del
liNPl*?
/3.

hif.

impf. with

waw

7*tt.

Gr. pp. 43, C, 44, note, the Article;
tracted; so p

=

con-

^H?

for Vhahoshek

;

see also p. 125,

Metheg marking open

syllable

wa ;

Gr. p. 37

(6),

?

Accent retracted because of penacute word which

follows.

2.

The Expanse of Heaven between
Nether Waters.

the

Upper and

the

i

xrrn ~ K* T

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

63

x mgn pa *gi.l
$

E!LI

"31

fl

See

1, k.

b

Constr. of

^1J1,

weak segholate; Gr.

p.

60

(ii).

c

See

1, h.

*

VH

= ^\ +
it

1,

and

let

it

be;

distinguish this from
2.

VV1 and
'

was; Gr.

p. 144,

note

Hif. ptcp.

/ See

1, /.

conv. of nfc^, IT? and d guttural verb; see Gr. pp. 24, 2, 106.

9

Impf. with

waw

*

See

1, n.

*

Mittahath

side,

below

;

= min + tahath = ab infero, on the under so meal, in next clause, = a super on the
o,
1

upper
1

side, above.

From Vyin ?;
See
1,
7i.

see

1,0.
"

*

See

1, e.

3.

Dry Land and Water ;

Trees

and Grasses

64

HEBKEW PEIMEK.

jnj

vnia
1

xen

p^p ?

ta-ijTji

pwn n -iBfcf

DV

a

Nif.

impf.

3

pi.

fr.
JTJJ5,

verb n
p.

/; ,

Gr. p. 106,
(b).

a

command;
*

jussive use of impf., Gr.
2, t.

142

See

c

Nif. impf. (jussive) 3 sing.
ere*

f. fr.

seen;"
verb.
'
'

compensative, see Gr. p.

ntO; "and let be 24, 1, and 5 guttural

See
}

1, o.
}

=

before sh'wa.

Miqwe, constr. of miqwe ; see

Gr. p. 64,
/
9
h

Rem.

1.

Weak
See

segholates, A, Gr. p. 60
1,

(i.).

m.
f. fr.

Hif. jussive 3 sing.

N^H, verb N"S; Gr.
l

p. 102.

*

Hif. ptcp.

fr. JTIT.

Constr.

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.
m

65

Ptcp. of nb>y.
'osfor bo

"

Look out

pa.
is.

=

in which, Gr. p. 128, 6; supply

p Hif.

impf. with

waw

conv. 3 sing.

f.

of

K*;

see

Gr. p. 109.
9

Equals

4.

Great

Lamps for
and

the rule

of

Day and

Night,

the Stars.

/vrn

jtojpn

-rixn

iprrrn
6

66

HEBREW

PRIMER.

M.
c

!,*.
^Itf ft
is
;

PL

of

next word

due to the

the shortening of qamec in this and the loss of accentual support.
e

d Inf. constr. hif.

1, h.

f Gr. p. 148

(b).

'

Equals

'fob

+

see

2, d.

So Mryfa

=

V +

I., r'qia. * Hif. inf. constr. of TIN. -

See also Part

Ex.

4, note.

'

2, 0.

D^.

' Constr. of
q
'

nS&#p9; Gr.

p. 63,

Pe

niin verb, Gr. p. 88,

ad Jin.

1,

m.

5.

Fishes, Birds, Reptiles,

formed and

blessed.

JTPI

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

67

a

Accus. mater., Gr.
Collectives.
Pil'el

p.

133

(6).

*

:

of

tjlJJ

(=

pi* el,

i.e.,

intensive

stem),

Gr.

p. 97, 5. d kol nefesli
is

hahayyd
cf.

=

all

the animal

life.

a genitive

;

yad yemini, hand of
sixth.

Hahayyd my right, ydm

hashshishshi,
e

day of the
f.

Ptcp. qal
9
*

/ See
h

a.

See

3, n, q.

Gr. p. 129

(ii.).

Verb

'ayin guttural, pi'el impf., Gr. p. 85; see also
3,

p. 147,
1

note

ad
1,

init.

Gr. p. 47,

sign of accus.
inf.

m

= dicendo.
*

Gr. p. 26, b;

constr.

of T&N, with pref. V;

Imperatives qal of verbs lamedh
Jussive of nri; Gr. p. 105,

he*; 6.

Gr. p. 106.

Rem.

6.

Cattle

and

Reptiles

;

Mankind and

their Blessing.

68

HEBREW

PRIMER.

nnaa

a

n^

155

e

Archaic form

=

fi^H; Gr. p. 52, middle.

'.*
tf

Adj.
"

f.

used as abstr. subst. in collective sense,

living creatures."

/ Collectives.
A k

g

Qal impf.

1 pi.

Gr. p. 59, Segh. A.
4, /; see

Part L, Ex.

4.

Look out d muth.

e

1

Constr. of

H^.

*

Ptcp. with article

=

6 epTrcov,
'

77

*

Gr. p. 125,

j8.

5, *.

HEADINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.
f

69

Gr. p. 47, ad fin
5,

;

qameg

pretonic.

n

Imper. of ^53, with f 3 pers. suffix.

7.

Seeding Grasses and Fruit Trees given for Food

to

Animals and Man.
The Seventh

Day made
a

holy.

sni

b

jnt

^-Sa-nK DsS

Tiro nan ovfof

jni

nn

y

i*&&n DV
,.
.

-

iprrm ii^ vv
I,,

v

:,-

01*

:

nrv

i^

inp

70

HEBREW PRIMER.

'

Gr. p. 88, note.

*

Qal ptcp. lamedh guttural, Gr.
'dsher b6

p. 88, 1.
6,

= wherein;
. .

Gr. p. 128,
. .

ad

init.

d
e

e

Yihye

l

,

it

shall

become

Greenness of grass

= green grass;

Gr. p. 128

(ii.),

ad Jin.
/
9
h

Equals plupf., "he had made."
Notice the
article.
pi.

Pu al

impf. 3

of pta.

1

Pi'el jussive, 3 sing, of

PTO; Gr.
*

p. 105,

Rem.

6.

m

rgnfft.
Inf. constr. of

6,0.

HK^, with

/

;

bard

la'asoth, fashioned

so as to make.

8.

his

Wealth and Piety.

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

71

Sinn tfin

nv

a

" There was," emphatic

=

existed, once lived.
p. 124, 1, note.

Supply was, as usual in Hebrew, Gr. Look out Q&.
e

*

Wehayd, impf. of
Constr. of

habit, Gr. p. 148,

c,

5.

d
e

T;

see Part L,

Ex.

4.

n^D
J3,

tc.
Gr. p. 65.

/
h

nS\
TO, Gr.
p. 65.

9

*
1

njjTp; Gr. p. 64,

Rem.

1.

Segholates A, Gr.
Sfcll
;

p. 59.

*
*

lamedh doubled

in pi. to preserve original a.
'

Collect! v

Gr. p. 137,

1.

p Accus. loc., Gr. p.
9

133

(a).

"In

the house of each, (on) his day;" accus. temp.,
(ft).

Gr. p. 132

72
r

HEBREW PRIMER.
Verb Verb
IT'7, inf. constr.
hif.
'

*

}"fi,

DV.
etc.

z

'

Apodotic waw; "then 'Iy6b sent,"
'

Equals impf. of habit; "he would Gr. p. 148 (c). Heela, hif. of nStf.
*

rise early," etc.,

Accus.

"
;

according to the

number of them

all."

y

Pf. with

weak waw; "and have cursed,"

pi. pf.

9.

Tlie

Adversary before Yaliwl.

pwa

tD

nin

en

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

73

:p*tt

pa

rijn

&B'rr

pnir

*

"

Now

there

the sons of
the angels.
b

God

(Gr. p. 126, note 1) day when " The sons of God," i.e., went," etc.

came a

Wayyabdu, impf. 3
c

pi.

N13.

hy
J^NI

before.

2, 6.

rf

+

}9

=

from where, whence?

/ Notice the pausal pathah; Gr. p. 37 (a).
9

"Hast thou

set;" D*>, qal pf. 2 sing., with inter.

prefix.
h

Gr. p. 49,

7.

*

t)D, ptcp. qal.

'

Inter, prefix

+ hinndm, which
"

look out;

and see

Gr. p. 111,2.
"

Verb V?.

8, k.

p verb;
to thy face!"
9

Gr. p. 88,2.

p Gr. p. 158,

N.B.

2.

"He

will doubtless curse thee

Suppressed apodosis.

Pausal form

(= yabarrakanka,

with nun assimi-

te

pausal ami in)ii-pau>al forms.

74
8

HEBREW PKIMEE.
Verb
v/

5.

*

Compound
For
this

prep.

= "from," Gr.

p. 116, 2.
:

name read 'Adonay ;

see Gr. p. 14, note 4

10.

Three Messengers of Evil.

DHTIK

rtehh

rf

n i

Dnn-n
a nn

*

1315 nr

i

-rt

N

NS
JT

in
v
:

irtb :

nr Jv

i

n

a

r
i

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.
2

75

9, a.
c

*

Gr. p. 149 (a).

PW.

For

this

verb see Gr.

p. 108.
e

*

n

//J

?.

rrS, ptcp. pi.

f.

/
> *
*

'al-y'dehem,

by

their side.

J"; Gr. p. 88, 1. and Pl"S; Gr. |"fl
PI3

p. 109,

ad/n.
init.

mouth; Gr.

p. 66,

ad

1

Pausal;

= rjn.
H3.
hif. inf. constr.

Gr. p. 143, note 2, is as true of the cohortative as of the jussive form of the impf.
'

*

Look out
Verb

P;

*
9

K"5 verb, Gr.

p. 84.

WX

f.

The Kasdim,
See

generally identified with the Chal-

daeans.
r

9, g.

11-

The Last and Crowning Disaster;
Pious Resignation.

'lydb's

-

3 nn -Erta nr w: v
jr
:

j

!in

cn^nx n\?a

p.

*DTI#I
r
i

b^sx

^ni^
nn
n

-1550

mjtt n^inj

76

HEBREW PRIMER.

TT

?

nn^i rro ni - T r JT
<T
I

ff

While; 6/wm
10, b.

hie loquebatur.

c

Pf., as
9, o.

the accent shows; Gr.
'

p. 97,

Rem.

4.

'

10, g.

f So in Greek tOavov, were killed.
9
*
*

10, w.

note 3. Dip; Gr. p. 93,
Defective writing for Ttt.

'

jr?; m " To
n

^^

Gr. p. 99, note 4.

the earth," Gr. p. 52,

ad med.

with pausal qame. Hishtahdwe, transposed from hithshahdwe ; yishtahu is a contraction of yishtahaw, like Yd hu from Yahwe or

nn^;

hithpalel, shortened impf.

Yahawe, and Ifl^

^inhl,

1, 0, /,

from bdhew, tohew.

K, third radical, omitted.

*

Second qame^ pausal.
i,

t
mebttrrak,
i.e.,

r

Equals
verb.

pu'al

ptcp.

of

J?

guttural

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

77

12.

The Temptation and Fall of Man.

pn

ivn

a

?aa

wy
nj'T

r n; ii

mr

B^K

r#y

DaN
r

DV3
7

ait?

TT D^xa D0^3

Sa^

fin ato

^

78
a

HEBREW PRIMER.
Gr. p. 137, 1; p.

b

njn

is collective.

A
Is
it

question.

S|K

=

&|*jn

;

'a/

H, Is

it

even so that,

true that.

d
e

Si

.

.

.

|6, not any, no; Gr. p. 49,

8,

ad fin.

Verb

K"S, Gr. p. 84.

/ Collective.
9
h
*

Potential use of impf.

;

Gr. p. 142, C.
(ii.).

Constr. of ^fi,

weak

segholate, Gr. p. 60
|"fi, JJJJ.

Gr. p. 22 (1), (2), Dagesh; verb

'

Older form of VMbPl (verb
"

VJJ,

Gr. p. 94).

Note

effect of shifting the accent.

m

Emphatic,
*

Ye

shall not die!" Gr. p. 151.

Verb
Inf.

v/
fl,

ptcp.
c,

constr. with suffix, Gr. p. 152,

d.

" In the

day of your eating."
*

The waw marks
4.

the apodosis, like

e

in

Greek; Gr.

p. 148,
q

Note the vowels of
P!"S.

this

word

;

pf.

2 pi. of fPPl,

verb
r

Gr. p. 26,

'

5.

Pretonic qameg.
f.

1

Shortened impf.

qal,

3 sing.

of PttO; Gr.

p.

110,

third verb.
"

Gr. p. 129, 2.

v

Ptcp.
amabilis.

nif.

of verb

S guttural;

=

cupiendus or

u

To

look at," or u for becoming wise."

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.
*
y

79

See Gr. p. 88, verbs

p,

1,

and

note.
(1).

Notice the paused forms; Gr. p. 37

13.

God's Bow.

1

rrft ?

p-n

:pn
|

v

IT

T

ri|

*ra
s.-

nns n
:

j

:

^nn^n T T
:
I

n*n VT-

nn^ ?

1

Stt&S

b^n

'

Ptcp. \n future sense:

"I am going

to put."

iW), with; Gr. p. 48, 3.

80

HEBBEW PRIMER.

d
e

"

That

it

may

become."
pi.

p.

Equals 152 (c).

'J3S3,

inf.

of

p? (no

qal);

see

Gr.

/ " Then shall be seen ;" apodotic waw,
9

8, v.

Notice the place of the accent, Gr.
conv. "

p. 147.

Pf. with

waw
h

The waters
pi. subj.,
;

shall not again
6.

become a

flood

;"

sing.

verb,
*

Gr. p. 156,

PlNn

1 sing. pf. qal,
2.

with suffix 3

f.

sing.

'

Gr. p. 13, note

K naan promised
e

to

'Abram.

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

81

AT

rnh
:

T

:

fimb
VT
:

T

:

pfca ^Winn DID v * <
|

T

T

-

:

|

r

Equals Wadonay
*

= wa-adonay
mark
<*

;

see

9, *.

Nif. inf. constr. 1*13;

effect of

maqqeT; Gr.

p. 36,
c

note

1.

KOT; imperat.
'dslier 'atta slidm,

Verb

IT'S.

"

that thou there,"

=

where thou

art.

/ In these four words notice the old accus. ending, the idea of motion, -ward, Gr. p. 52; the conveying

waw
'

has pretonic qamec. with negba and qedma (negeb,

qedern).

Ptcp.
4

= pres.
.

Jfti,

impf. 1 sing, with suffix 3 f

;

^12,

,x.

'

9,
*

^;

waw

conv., as accent shows.

"So

that, if a

perliaps a hof 'al
it

73V, impf. of Sbj; formation, though used as qal, which

man

can count."

may
"

be.

POtt; cf. /jwa,

mina.
p. 59.

Both segholates U, Gr.

15.

i/t>im

by 'Elohim's Bidding goes
his only Son.

to

Sacrifice

HD?

"rnxrn nxn

82

HEBREW PRIMER.
':r)in "ifcxh DrrtiK

to pny A
:
-

T

=

ni
<>"
:

I

:htD
hb

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

83

$1

rfyy? HJSTJ

vrrwn;

DWN

DTTJJJJ

1

Way'hi
clause
is

.

.

.

w'hdelohim,

"and
"

it

happened

after

these things that

the English subordinate co-ordinate in the Hebrew, a mark of ancient
;

.....

speech.
*

Gr. p. 48,
PlJPl

5.

c

lo! (properly, here!)

Hinneni pausal, hinnenni

common
d
e

form.
|"fi,

Gr. p. 88,

note.
p. 36, first note;

-^
'

==

^7 Gr.
?

imperative of

/ Ethic dative;
1

cf.

Fr. s'en aller; "betake thyself."
p.

Proper name, Gr.
nSy,
hif.

126,

y

;

str.

an epithet.

h

impf. with suf&x.

*
1

Gr. p. 43,

ad Jin.
;

Impf.
*

1

sing.

N"S, Gr. p. 84.
for the

Gr. p. 70,

ad Jin.

form;

p. 147,

note 3 for

the use.
*

4, o.

r$?.

p Gr. p. 93, note 3.
9

" It was on the third day that

'Abraham looked up
off

and saw."
the sentence.
r

Way'hi would more naturally have led \Vayyissa, J"5 and N"7, Gr. p. 110.
])1.

v

', imperat.

tliithr r,

to

yon

place.

Nel'ka, cohort., Gr.

p.

!

84
*

HEBREW PRIMER.
See
See
11, n.
9, g,

v

and Gr.

p. 93,

note

3.

w
*

Adv.

loc.,

Gr. p. 112.
1.

Gr. p. 64, Irreg. Nouns,

The Sacrifice Forbidden by

the

Angel of Yahwe.

iia

pnr-nx np$n

iv

\.

:

i-

:

v

nnn
- ^-

nVj/? ft*
t

nnS^i S^xn-nx np brmK ^i v~ v j-j

i--

-

T

i

T

T

:

-

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.
*

85

9, a.
1

HJ3; impf. n)^, shortened
15, r.

|

;

Gr. p. 105,

Rem.

6.

c

d
e

Gr. p. 47,

1,

the objective pron.
jtfa a/, top.

See
15,

2, A.
c.

/
7

Shortened form (jussive) from

nfc^rt, impf. 2 sing.

of r\yy.

J/^'wwa
negative).
*

=

nfc

5 )

HD "anything whatever"
8, d.

(after a

Const*, of
15, j.

T,

1

* "

Behind," adv.

loc.

*

Nif. ptcp. THX.
15,
e.

pj5.
*

'

See

15, A.

17.

Yaaq6b and

the

Shepherds at

the Well.

rnin IN? nan

1

!

wan

86

HEBREW PRIMER.

iaan

1

'fir

??
PIK

i^i

-DnyTn

a

'

15, ?
,

.

15,

e.

with accus. ending to mark motion towards.
segholate 1st guttural, Gr. p. 60,

,

Rem.

1.

e

Ptcp.

== "were lying;" Gr.
9,6.

p.

149

(a).

/
9
h

Si?

before;

Hif. impf. frequent.

nj#; Gr.
predicate,

p. 141,

B

(a).

This word

is

the

being

without, the

article; Gr. p. 126,
k
1

ad fin.
Gr. p. 66,

Constr. of
Pff.

Plfi;

ad

init.

" and

conv., continuing impf. frequent. : all the flocks used to meet there, and men used to

with

waw

(or would) roll;" Gr. p. 148 (c). * Hif. pf. 310; Vy, Gr. p. 94.
*

Dlpfc.

Gr. p. 47,

2.

* Gr. p. 65,
T

ad

init.

q

"Whence?"

Inter, part.,

an

novistis? JTV, Gr. p. 112, note.

*

Notice the pausal vowel.

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.
n3, Gr. p. 65.
Fern, ptcp., as the accent shows; Gr. p. 97,

87

Kem.

4.

18.

Yadqob Prays

to

be Delivered

from

the

Hand

of 'Esaw.

a

pny. '5$

*rh$\

Drnjs

^K
KPi rrtrr

nonn
T -; i-

n

1

Notice this contraction from '7JO; Gr.
Gr.
p.

p.

26

(b).

b

149

(a),

saying;" th- ptcp.
tain

ad fin. \Vho didst say, or keep marks unbroken continuance during

M

time.

Or

it

may

be present;

u

who

ever

-t," etc.
i

.

p. 48, 5.

88
d
e

HEBREW PRIMER.
ITTjto, segh. noun.

"That

I

may

deal kindly;"

^,
3.

Gr. p. 91.

As

to

the construction, see Gr. p. 144,

/ Gr.

p. 137, 1;

"I am

too small for,"

= "I am

un-

worthy
9
*

of."
"Dtf IDfi Pliby

More usually

he showed kindness

to.

"With my

staff," 7J9&;

note absence of daghesh,

see Ex. 25.
k

Proper name,

str.

an

epithet,

and therefore with

article.
1

m
rOlt?.

f",
p. 72,

hif.

imperat.

*

Ptcp. of stative verb; Gr.
}"S

Til
ad
Jin.

verb;

hif.

pf.

of PO}, Gr. p. 109,

The
conv.

final

H

elided before suffix.
17,

The
I.

pf.

with

waw

continues the impf. as in
srnite

"Lest he come and

me, mother upon children;" upon addition to, like em with dative.

=

after,

in

19-

The Brothers Meet.

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

89

pnnBi
I

iv~: i-

:

-

i-

pn^
|v.v
:

-:

n^n Ty

n^n
j>

T

:

-

^r
!

k

Jiinn^i i-A-:
i:

nnS^
T
V.-T
:

r

ntfS-DJ ^T

:

^nri^ji Srni P|DV B^J

a

Ptcp. of &03;

"was coming."

b

See Gr.
;

p. 138, 3, 4.

nvn shortened form
d

of impf.

"

By, or with."

/ u First, in front;" adv.
9

Ipse.
h

^?7

at face of, before.

>

H,.
See
17, c; here
inf.

'

= to the ground,
Gr. p. 89.

*

P,
"

with

suffix,

jn.
u

To meet him

;" inf. constr. fern,

form of

90
p
r

HEBREW PRIMER.

p.
HEW, Gr.
"
p. 65.

y

rr

*

He

gave, bestowed," with accus. of person and

thing.

20.

Ydsef sold by

his Brothers.

:

T s

v

*p
|

nnnb
-

HEADINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

91

'

"When."
Notice this word; the abs= is rOM. The next is the usual constr. cf. yirwv, and our word
;

1

word
"

cotton."
"YD,
d
*

with ace. ending, " into the

pit."
p. 10, 7.

Equals pH; defective writing, Gr.
V'S
|"S;

verb.

nun first assimilated, and then dropped, because a mere sh'wa follows, Gr. p. 23, note 1.
the
9 r\"h
1

/

verb.

Is this pf. or ptcp. ? see Gr. p. 97,
'"5, hif. inf.

Rem.

4.

*

Mi^'iijim, Egypt; accus.
to.
*

ending, marking

motion

HD3

;

the

pf.

with

waw

conv. continuing impf.

nahdrog.

*
9

rvn, Gr. p. 108.

rr

Hif. impf. rrty; the qal impf. has the

same form,

Sec

(ir.

p.

139, note 1;
p.

"twenty sheqels of

silver."

Hif. N13,

Gr.

107.

92

HEBREW PRIMER.

21.

The

Dream

of the Fat and Lean Kine.

/nfcnrn

niSy

nnn

nns y?^

njni

n n Tri
(

nx^n run nnsn
nNinten
:

H

nn3ni

r\b\

mnsn

p^
a

nij

/w^, at the end.
6C Gr. p.
rf

132

(a).

" was Ptcp., dreaming," etc. Gr. p. 135, gen. of
J,

JtVy,

20, q.

e

ref.
is

N^3

5

tne

qameg

only pretonic, and therefore

vanishes in constr.
9
IT'S.

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.
h

93

JH bad,
v

=

yy*]; therefore the

qame9

is

kept, being

compensative.
*

', like BhJ, Gr. p. 90.

The Dream of

the

Full and Thin Ears of Corn.

:

nabi ni^na nnx v
j
:

\.T

mpa mSy j^
/..-IT
:

*

uhztf yatr ^ -jv
T:

\

narn j1

:

"

riNi

nin^f DHJJ

nbn^
g^

rtjp^

D%#
A "
~

yn^ n^n

!

nx nip^n

D^Sa^'n
:

njv^Wi

:

bnS

nis

^

I

v/

3, like

Bh\

Gr. p. 90

;

the qameg

is

pausal.

Look out
*

A

passive ptcp. followed

by a gen.; Gr.

p.

135,

near end.

See Gr.
seghol.
f

p.

147, note

3,

for the

accentuation and

Why

is

not the yod doubled? Gr.

p. 23,

note

1.

94

HEBREW PRIMER.

22.

The Two Dreams Interpreted.

ink pg ir&i 'fi/^n

mSn

t)Di>-S$ njr

nnk

n

nyis Di^n

r^hr^

^

nin na
njn D
y?

nrin b^gri

nnsin
njn
fpn

D^' yyg

nten^ mj-nn b^s^'n yz&\
vrr

nan

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

95

nn s$nn

^ pK? y&n

yit^?}

6

upon, z.^., concerning thee. " thou canst understand." Potential,
^

*
'

Wayyaan, H^. bitaday, Not I
Ptcp.

!

= facturus
HX^,
hif.
;

sit.

So below,
^

ba'6th

=

ventures

sunt ;
f
*

m maker,
f

festinaturus.
POB>.

Higgid, J"&
A^r'a,

seghol before
b.

guttural,

as

the

nearer vowel.
*
f

Gr. p. 24,
(i.e.,

"

And upon

as to) the dream's changing to

Par o twice;"
'

PUB*.

"Surely

(or because) the

matter

is

decreed;"

nif.

pf.

J.

23.

Burning Bush.

96

HEBREW PRIMER.

men

^&

g-ns??

IK

rnrv

ij

&a

o

nisn ngrn

pin AV -

v T -

nn nani&rrnK v //:--

rn&o W/H'TDN
v
:

v

:

JT

T i-s T

1

njipn
?

ny^-N ? g^a
njn

np ^
n^a

^ny

ntpn ^ri
ntrb

v ?? naip nn
a

1

^
.

Dipfsn

See

1,

c?.

Haya, with

ptcp.
. .

;

"and M6she had
and he led the

turned shepherd to the flock
flock
*
. .

."

"

To Hor4b."
3, c.

c

Shortened from HNT,

" was d burning." Ptcp.,
'

Ptcpl. form

=

bm
not the bush catch fire?"

/ ^D.
9

"Why

does

Impf.

inceptive; Gr. p. 141, 2.
*

Pf. - = plupf.

verb.

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

97

Adverb; Gr.
*

p. 113.

Verb

t"S.

24.

Mdshe charged

to

threaten

Par 6.

rnrv njnj

ns-n

nriy

155 ina

"ino

^nya

98
a

HEBREW PRIMER.
See
15,

m.

b

9, b.

c

Note the accent.
" That they

d

may

serve,

or

to

serve

me

"
;

Gr.

p. 144, 3.
e

Ptcp.,

= missurus sum, " I am about to send."
.

/
9

Thy

heart == thyself; Gr. p. 49, 8.
.

=
h
*

Final conj., "to the end that

.;" strictly a prep.

on account of

.

.

.,

as

below

;

*)$$

3

would be

fuller.

Impf. of

JPl*

.

Gr. p. 49,

7.

1

Gr. p. 109, ad. Jin.

*

Qamec. for seghol in pause.
22, h.

*

" Wilt thou still resist question ; my people so as 77D raise a mound against (in not to dismiss them?"

A

sieges); ptcp. hithpo'el.
p
q

As

to ptcps. see
this
. .

22,
art.

e.

"At

time;"
.

demonstr., Gr. p. 43.
. .

r

'dsher

kamdhu,

" like which " (that

.

like

it),

Gr. p. 127,
3

5, seq.

Notice the compound prep. (going back) to (and from the day of its founding ID', inf. nif. starting) with suff. 3 f.
:

=

*

Micrayim used as name of the country; therefore
suffix,

the infin. has a fern, according to the sense.

the construction being

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

99

25.

Par 6

changes his

mind and pursues

Yisrael.

:

vtri^ njns ^ VT TIT
:

-

MI

v jv

nriN yp

i

Dn

ma ? ^n? ?
1

1

D^

n9 D'Wnx ny

n

^

100

HEBREW PKIMEK.
nrv
n DHXDTI$

omn

-rate

rji

TO
nin;

5y, inf. constr. with suffix
<
1

and

prefix.

Ptcp.
rf

PI" ?.

Collectives;
e

77

"urn-os.

20, /.
^

/

v/
fi.

Mibbeli
lit.,

=

from lack; Vyn strengthens the idea of
lack of
(i.e.,

want:

"from the

consisting in) the
it

want of graves."
graves ..."
h *
'

Translate:

"Was

for

want of

Cohortative

=

purpose.
Wfc, inf. constr.

"Bather than our dying;" Pausal form of ttTWjI.
"To-day."

n
"

See Gr.

p. 154, (a),

(ft).

Fuller form in pause.

26.

God's Angel guards His People.

They pass

the

Sea ; and

the

Pursuer

is

drowned

in the Waters.

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

101

rrnb pii onto njrip

i

pa

n ^nr
nrSx
^

n-j5?

DHJJ

nn? wrriN n in^
a

:

n

^

nbin bnS

:

qjri

^n-x vj^

??i

jna DID

|

efc

Dn
v

1

on ?
v

1

n
:

nin^ T
tot

1237^ cn^p-Sy b:n

102

HEBREW PKIMEK.
T
j

:

|

v

>

' :

T -

T T

D>D:I

Vl^

TO

* c

J. ter<7#

eorum,

" behind them."
TIN, hif. impf.
. .
.

"

But
.
. .

it lit

up the night;"
u
. .

d

zb

zk, hie

.

ille,

the one

the other."

J;
,

Gr. p. 109, ad Jin.
hif.

9
h

D^; "and

set

(i.e.,

made) the sea into dry land."
e

= miminam (one y disappearing because of shwa).
*

A

dextra eorum.

Min + tfminam
^

= miyy minam

can.

nio, hif. impf.

*

"And

he drove

it;"

subject and suffix are both

collective.
"

"I would
P133;

fain flee!" Gr. p. 143, 2.

"at the turning of dawn,"
"

= at daybreak.
the returning

p
Ptcp.,
flood.

were fleeing towards

it," i.e.,

27.

The Dying Prophet adjures Yisrael

to

Refuse

the Evil,

and Choose

the

Good.

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

103

Kin

nnK

vma
T
T
;

^na v v
j

T

Tnx
|

V

V;

nin^-nx <T v
;

vnni
v
v:

vriMb n
T T
:

nn^
JT
:
:

~

i"

T j-

Din

Db " wan

c:5?n-n

rn

DM

;;

104

HEBREW PRIMER.

;wn
a

Pi. ptcp., nix.

*

Nif. ptcp.

f.,

contraction of

c

" It

is

hard above thee,"

=

fi^SX
too hard for thee
;

Gr

p. 137, 1.
d
e

" So as to say,"

= that thou
lit.,

shouldst say.
rfj

meeber layydm,

tv ru> Trepav

QaXao-crfj

=

beyond the sea. / " For the doing
9 *
k

it,"

=

that thou mayest do

it.

Infs. constr.

SHX,

*/TI.

"

That thou inayst
"
art going."

live."

Ptcp.,

11,

.

Emphatic
duplication.

repetition of stem, a device akin to re-

"

Ye

shall surely

perish."

Notice the

pausal tobedun
* Hif.
q

=
"

n3ND.
So choose thou

n^.
conv.,
life!"

Waw

28.
Battle of Bethhoron.

5MW, ^A^ m6>o?z 5^ac?

s^z'W

in their sphere

;

In

the blaze

of thine

arrows they vanished"

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

105

:

inn

^ non

Dn

nf?p
-ng'j

"^
i

Dbw

njpjy-nj? 05:1

13103
c?o^n-|0

^

.

^390

Dpiip

w

uvi

nirv

-nn cva

106

HEBREW PRIMER.

y nT|

Bn DTI

nvv
:

K; Gr.
b c

p. 65.

Accus. ending to mark whither.
Hif. jussive of
hif.
PIS'!.

precative (imperat.).

/ Notice the vowels
^

(TH army;

^H

sword).
pi.
;

The vowels imply the
14, note
4, seq.

sing., the

consonants the

Gr. p.
h
1

See
|"5

26, k.
IT'S;

and

Gr. p. 109,

ad fin.
(cf.

n

Adverbial accus. of manner

servit servitutem,

etc.).
"

Accus. of limitation;

Gr. p. 132, 3;

"By way

of

the ascent."

happened, in their flight from Yisrd'el, they were on the descent of Beth-horon," etc.
it

"And

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.
Pf. with
9

107

middle E,
. .
.

Rabbim

measlier,

= "more than those whom;"
"Then

Gr. p. 137.
r

Impf. inceptive, which TN usually takes.
to speak."

began
'

jrO; Gr. p. 110.

1

"

To put

before one/'

=

to give into one's power.

until that

.

.

.

"

u
"

At

perfect day,"
it

= when
not,

'"

And

happened

day was complete. as on that day, before

it

or since, that

Yahwe

should hearken to voice of

man"
NOTE.
e

The

sentences, 'Az

l

'eyney

Yisrael, are like

y dabber wayydmer Ex. xv. 1, and Ps. xviii. 1.
. .

e

.

They seem to introduce a poem, or a citation from a poem. The style of what follows is poetical, and the " " Book of the Upright (probably a collection of sacred lyrics) is named as its source. Clearly the sentence,

Wayyddmod
quotation.

hashshemesh

.

.

.

keyom tamim,

is

a

29.

Heaven and Earth must pass, but
Deliverance shall endure.

the

Divine

The Prophet

Passage of the Red Sea Yahwe again save His People.
recalls the

:

so

trill

108

HEBKEW PRIMER.

rnin
TirjK

ma?

iiN? *ip9#

DD

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

109

n
:

vni
v,
,

3m
-

v.-

Taxman wrrm
v A-: i-

-

>

:

-

i -.

'"

\

pin

nVSino
NiSn
a
:

D:

nrnnen

Kn-^

v

t

D'Sttti

i

:

v

r

:

)

I

T

IT

110

HEBREW PRIMER.

DN ?,

1

like

pby, Gr. p. 62.
nip.

d
vPl*, pi.,

pausal form.
cf.

/ Mn, "gnat;"
9
h

D33, Part L,

Ex.

8, 13.

nnn,
" "

nif.

impf.
in

The people

whose heart

is

my

law."
(b).

*

As

in the

days of old."

Gr. p. 132

1

Hif. ptcp. SVn.

m
n

Po'el ptcp. 7?H.
26,

g;

ptcp., here:

"that made the deeps of the

sea a path for the passage of the rescued." Pass. ptcp. qal of fHfi.
f
9
r

DU;
"

pf.

of future certainty, Gr. p. 140,

3.

Pi. ptcp. of

DH1
note ad
is

Who

art thou that thou fearedst."
p. 142,
init.

*

"Mortal man;" Gr.

1

A relative
"When

clause; "grass he

made"

= who

is,

etc.

*
10

Hif. ptcp. of

pW.

he had resolved to destroy;" p3.
3.

*

Ptcp.; Gr. p. 146,

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

Ill

30.

The Pious Exile

trusts in his People's

God

??

nig

nn

nin;

song for the up-goings," i.e., of the pilgri caravans from the lowlands of Babylonia to Y<
,i\im.

a

"A

m

112
6

HEBREW PRIMER.

"Whence?"

c

"To
"

the stumble;" verbal noun.

*
e

^?, Segh. L, Gr. p. 60.

On

the hand of thy right

"

=

on thy right hand.

/ Hif. impf.

yankanka
epenthetic,
9
h

= yahankanka
article, as in

"O3,

with

suff.
;

(yakkekka yakkanka thus the second nun is not

=

=

but belongs to the verb-ending).
28.
;

With

Infs. constr.

used as nouns

v'fi.

31.

" Let

all the

Earth

bless the

Lord."

minS

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

113

npn

tbtyh

nvv

t'inms;
a

rn T

JTH, hif.

masc.

pi.,

because kol-haaref implies "all

men."
*

FT.

c

Hif.

m\

32.

Prayer for

the

Light of God's Countenance.

:nSp

^m

v

i

D

tf

9

Drop

M
i

i

:

of??

D

114

HEBREW PRIMER.

a

Look out TO,

nttfl,

and

TOttD.

" For the Leader
3, as in

of the strings: means " over.")
4

a lyric song."

(The

3

'?*??,

PCIc

26, c; here jussive: the other impfs. are similar.

rf

e

" For that men may know. knowing," u 31, c. May the peoples thank thee

=

.

.

.

may

they rejoice / "
9

when thou judgest

.

.

.

!"

Straightness, rectitude;" adv. accus.
hif.
k

nm,

Pf. of certain future.
will

Last verse
Earth's ends

=
may

1, 2.

"

God
"
!

bless

us,

that

all

fear

Him

33.

The Wonders of

the

Exodus.

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

115

onnn

Dun

'j

<Dn 3
nbri

a

KV:, inf.
J

"

Yehuda became

his sanctuary."

:

Pausal form.

d

MD.

"The Yarden
1.

swirled

backward;"

impf.

inceptive, Gr. p. 141,

Vocative, Gr. p. 126,

ad

init.

Rilative clause; u ye mountains, that leap," etc.
7

Ptcp. qal of ^|?H,
p. 52.

with

ancient case-ending

'
;

Gr.
*

Accus. of result, Equal- j>5; mnstr. with old ending; Gr.
9* p.
5i'.

*

116

HEBREW PRIMER.

34.

David

in Trouble recalls

a former Deliverance.
a

i

ysa

irraip

^r

? d

--:

n
r

pa |JT

rrirr T

:v

nmi
JT -

:

i

njn^

of authorship,

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.
Dip, ptcp.

117
are they

Eabbim
(i.e.,

is

"
predicate
;

many

who
d

rise

upon

against) me."

Keally an old accus. form of fl^B^, but used as

nominative.
9

Notice the euphonic dagh., Gr. p. 23,
9

3.

/
1

15?3, prep.

Hif. ptcp. DTI.
I cry ;"

"

My

voice

.

.

.

unto
.

Yah we
or qoli

a change of

construction (anacoluthori)

may

be accus. mod.

Gr.
1

p.

132,

c.

"And

he answered me."

These two clauses, and

the next verse, refer, I think, to some past peril. impf. 'eqrd is explained by Gr. p. 141, 1.
'

The

*

Gr. p. 129 " And I

(ii.)

slept soundly ;" cohortative form,

marking

intensity, earnestness, etc., of
"

an
'

act.

f)p, p
q
r

hif.
sc.

See Gr.

p. 141, 1.

JW,
*"5.
j"5.

njnp; "set, or marshal the array."

"Thou

smotest

all

my
!

foes

on the cheek;"

Gr. p. 134. ' u Yah we hath the victory

On

thy people be thy blessing!"

35.

The Good Shepherd
1

in ?

*

118

HEBREW PRIMER.

jn

fl

Ptcp. nyn, with

suff. 1 pers.

*

Only

in pi. constr. (PINJ
(ii.).

would be the
d

abs. sing.)

'

Gr. p. 129

Pi. of Sri};

DH1

'

Pilel of 310.

/
.
.

32, 0.

'
*

"For the
" "

sake of

."
*

Even

if I
is

walk ..."

Gr. p.

1

25

(a).

*

My

cup

overflow, or fulness."
. .

." The n3^, inf. of 30J; "and my dwelling (is) vowel (a) is thus somewhat unusually preoriginal

m

served, hireq being the

common

sound.

Perhaps yod

has fallen out, and

^30^

should be read.

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

119

36.

A

Triumphal Ode, on
into

the

Entry of

the

Ark

Yerushalayim.

HJ5

D1J3&3

D1JT

nir

120

HEBREW PRIMER.
rrt!T

rijpp

Tan
|
...

<

ni /

w

tfin 4

*a <

iv

nnsn *nD w
J

T

-

I

v

MPI <

A

a

b

Gr. p. 135 "

(i.).

Did He make her

fast!" Gr. p. 141,
rf

1.

c

"

e

Who may ascend ?" "Who hath not lifted
lift
. . .

Gr. p. 135,

ad med.

up

his soul (his desire) to

knavery;" to
after

the soul to ...

=

to long or

hanker

(nafshd, not nafshi, is right).

/ "
9

A reward,

or recompense."

" Of such a kind Defective for VE#TJ his seekers. is the kind) are those who seek him." (lit., this
h

Prob. T?7K

is

omitted

"
;

God

of

Ya aqob."
is
. . .

*
'

p.
zk strengthens

mi?
init.

=

ris irore

;

" who

?"

m

Gr. p. 124,

ad

37.

The Might of Yahwe shown in
-rib

the

Storm.

"i

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

121

fl

1159

riirvS

A

:

ma
:

nirrS

riin

y mrv *
T

Sip |j

n

*n-n

rhrv

v

Sip
|j

n

^n

AT

T

J

n'in

r:rrx

i

122

HEBREW PRIMER.

b
c

Prob.

=

b ney hdeloliim,
i.e.,

e

9, a.

" In holy array,"

festal

robes (hddara = adorn-

See Gr. p. 131,

5.

ment). d " The voice of

Yahwe
150
"

(is)

in power,"

=

is

powerful,

mighty.
e

Notice this form of the predicate.
3,
(b).

So behadar.
is

Gr. p. 146, in each case.

A

habitual fact

marked

/ Pilel of
to travail."
9

Sn

The

voice of

Yahwe

rnaketh hinds

"

And

in his palace

they
all

all shout,
(i.e.,

"

Glory

!

Or

more simply;
Cf. v. 1.
h k

"They

say

ascribe)

glory."

See Gr.

p. 146, 2, for this verse.

?

=

at,

point of time

;

more commonly

3.

38.

God

the

Guardian of

the

Holy

City.

onn

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

123

npa/ntasb
|v
.

D'nStt ::

mnr
T

,-.-:T-

:nSo MIT ^nSx
T |V
|j Sy
|_

y.

....

^
T

nu f,

rripi'

v Diag

DTT

'

"For

the
i.e.,

sons of Qoralj.
for soprani
<>r

Alter (the voice of)

damsels,"

trebles.

And when mountains
heart of (he seas."
d

(otter

(and

fall)

into

tin-

//*>, i.e.,

the ocean'.-, iniplird in

124
e

HEBREW

PRIMER.

"

A river
26,
o.

(there

is)

whose streams delight the

city

of God."
/
1

Inceptive; "earth began to melt." this verse refer to a special deliverance.

The verbs

in

k

Hif. imperat. PlS^;

"drop (your hands)!"

i.e.,

Be

still,

yield

!

39.

Rest for

all in the

Grave.

ft

1

DITto tib V
J

Pl

HEADINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT
m
n

125

:

n

'jw
:

s

AT

JK# D'TDK nrr
IT

a-

-:

--*.

:

feui

Si

}&

riS

:

v:nx

7

Inceptive past; Gr. p. 141,

1.

*

"(Why) came

I not forth of the

womb

to die?"

c

"When
" I had
:

I

began to suck."

p^.

d

resting

should have) lain down, and should be I had slept then were there repose for me "

(=

;

!

Notice the states of the verb; Gr. p. 159, line
e

3.

Ptcp. run.
i.e.,

f Wastes,

ruinous tombs.

Relative clause; "
h

who have

gold."

Pi. ptcp.

;

notice double absence of daghesh, and

double accus. after verb afJUKng.
k

Part of the apodosis
Relative clause.
Pi',

:

u I should not exist."

'

and

impf., both

mark

habit.

"

S^!j verbal adjective;

" wearied of (in) strength."

9

"

Are

easeful, at peace;" pilel (no qal).
'r.

126

HEBREW PRIMER.

40.

A

Vision.

c

nijvjnp

:

Tnn

?

vnn

}n

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

127

V V TV

8

c

Gr. p. 141, 1. " In thoughts."
JVjn dream.

b

13J3&

of
;

it.

6pD

=

divide

*|gp

a doubter,

sceptic.
d
'

"

Met, befel me."
1.

Inceptives; Gr. p. 141,

/
'

}"fi;

"I could not

discern

its

form."

Interrog. particle, Gr. p. 112, note.

"Can

mortal

man
k

be more just than 'Eloah?"
tohola, folly, sin
:

only here.

"

And

on his angels

he fasteneth folly."
'a/
'

= 'a/ ki = much more.
is

"
"

Whose foundation

in the dust."

"

" They crush them

(impers.

=

they are crushed.

Hof. impf.
3

nw.

"Without heed, no man heeding;" with tnesim one who sets his heart or thought to a supply Ul ;

=

thing.

41.

The Unseen World, Earth, Sea, and Sky,
controlled of

God.

128

HEBREW PRIMER.

:

rijnn

<

ah? n|

^

}iss

noi

on

ph

*

:

na

^n
ni

in

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

129

:

piarv
I

*a
j-

IT

Wvoi
T
i

:

:

Djni * *1

and so fo- <fe. powerlessness hast thou helped the powtrless, succoured the
lo-kdah
;

fl

=

f

"How
arm
of

the defenceless!"
*

lo-hokma
"
!

=

unwisdom.

"How

hast thou

warned

unwisdom
c

larob) plenteously.
d
e

Gr. p. 55, note;

pi.

of Pita.

"Whose breath?"
71PI

/ Pulal

writhe, shudder.

u

The dead shudder,
therein."

Below the waters and the dwellers
i.e.,

9

they tremble before God. " He spreadeth the north (sky) above the void (of

space)." * "
k
'

bindeth, prisoneth." Pf. of habit : " the clouds burst not beneath them."

He

Jin.

u

A

aching) to the limit (extremity) of light
are stricken, tremble.

boundary hath he drawn upon the waters, and darkness."

*

"

By

his breath (or breeze) the skies are beauty."

p
7

Ptcp. 9?n.

"The
id

flying serpent;"

personifying storm.

perhaps an ancient name So Rahab may be the sea as a

and viok-nt power.

1

Jids

= mere glimpses of

his

ways.
10

130
*

HEBREW PRIMER.

"

What

a

mere whisper

is

heard of him

!*

And

the thunder of his glorious deeds

who can

perceive?"

42.

The Praise of Wisdom.

:D*nn

non x

ninto

READINGS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT.

131

:ro'!i

tiia

rii

nnn

n

A

w

i

NT

jn

i

zl,

where?
"YtiD

*

JH1
^HT
shut
(/.<?.,

Perhaps
gold.
rf

treasured,

precious)

" As

its

purchase."
10*

132
e

HEBREW PRIMER.

Something "pure," i.e., glass, or crystal. "Gold equals it not, nor crystal; nor is a golden vessel its
exchange."
/ Ramoth, coral
( ?)
;

perhaps from
to

D*n, to be high,
iv. 7,

and
are

therefore tree-like.

According
tree.

Lam.

DTJS
cf.

red;

and the word may mean red

coral;

Arab.

fanan, branch; fannd,
9
h

Gabish, crystal (gabash

= congeal).
k

Pitda, perhaps topaz. }"5. " 1 and so lightning (Arab, hazza, to pierce). Arrow," * " " Marked it out." Gr. p. 152, a.

PART

III.

A COLLECTION OF

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.
WITH NOTES.

PART
PIECES

III.

FOR COMPOSITION,

I.

The Chaldean Cosmogony.

When the upper region was not yet called Heaven, And the lower region was not yet named Earth, And the abyss 2 had not yet opened its arms
*
;

Then

3

the

Deep of Ocean gave

birtli to all
4

of them,

And
1

tln-ir

waters were gathered

into one place.

Use D^e?, with
I

irnpf.,
.

Gr. p. US), 2.
.
.

Say,

it

was
MX.

to

the

upper place

,

Gr. p. 153.

Cf.

xx. 4.
X'J'

the

Underworld; or (Psa. Ixxxviii.

7),

'

Impf. with strong
SIM- Part

waw;

the

waw

is

resumptive.

4

II,

3, a.

136

HEBREW PRIMER.
not banded
7
:

Men had
about

5

together ;

no 6 animals wandered

When

none of the gods had risen into being ; Their name was not spoken their honours 8 (were not
;

known) Then 3 were born the
;

eldest of the gods,

Lahmu and Lahamu

9

arose into being, and

grew up

;

Assur 9 and Kissur were born next, 10 Their days were prolonged. 11
6

Mankind had
]*$
;

not joined

P3CO a man

to his brother.

6

put the verb in ptcp.

7

Say, in the field.

8

Their glory, or their greatness.

10

Begin with

iriNfl

and

afterwards.

if- intrans.

II.

The Chaldean Cosmogony (continued).

He made

the year

;

into quarters

J

he divided
2

it.
3

Twelve months,
fixed up.

their constellations

three by three,

he

From

the days of the year he established festivals.
divide in four
3

;

rabb.

Gr. p. 68, note

2.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

137
4
:

He
For

founded the dwellings of the planets
their rising
5

and

5

setting,

6 That nothing might go wrong, nor stop, The dwelling 7 of Bel 8 and Hea he appointed 9 with them.

And

10 he opened great gates on all sides n he The barriers strengthened on left and right. And in the centre thereof he placed luminaries; 12
;

The moon he

raised on high, to

go round the night,

And made 13
day.

her traverse the night until the rising of
fail
14

Every month without

to feasts she assembled the

And

people ; in the beginning of the

month

at the

coming forth

of night, Horns she shot forth to enlighten the heavens On the seventh day, a feast 15 he appointed ;

To
4

cease

16

from

all

work he ordained.

J"p7 '3313 travelling stars

;

rabb.

The fixed

stars

are ratf "3.
6

Coming forth (HNS), and going
tftpn,

6

impf. wprv.

9

fro or

pri;

with,

m.
or as Assyr. (ina
ia

10

T3DP from around ;
I'sa. cxlvii.

cili

kilallnn)

11

13.
'

See Part

II.,

4

3

rotp!! a

round.

14

She ceased not to

call holy assemblies;

BHp

Wp9

18

138

HEBREW PRIMER.

III.

The Chaldean Deluge.

That flood happened 1 whereof Samas had spoken
saying
:

to

me,

2 3 " In the night I will rain from heaven heavily." In the day I kept his feast, 4 the day of watching, 5 terror

seized
I entered
6

6

me.
7

into the midst of the ship,

and shut
*

my door.

*

*
8

A

storm arose

*

at break of day,

From
Vul

the boundary of heaven dark rain-clouds gathered. in the midst thereof thundered,

9

And Nebo and

10 Saru marched before; The throne-bearers marched over mountains and plains n
:

The destroyer Nergal overturned, Ninip marched before, and cast down

;

The

spirits bore destruction
12

;

In their glory they swept
1

the earth
2

:

Begin with 7TV

Hif. of

3

9n$

Dgte;

or lfc$
2.

TNM.
DV3
71)1.
6

4

Gr. p. 136,

...

tf!

JUH

to

keep a feast.

6

'rn&?to DV.

Waw

conv. with impf.

7

Use Pnn

ark.

8

9

up of the dawn. 73^35 PV clouds and darkness.
Say, at the going

Gen. xix. 15.

10

n
D'Jfib.

H^jp? valley
Isa. xiv. 23.

12

NtONtO.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.
to heaven. Vul's deluge reached Six days and nights went by ;
14 Wind, wave, and storm, overwhelmed.
13

139

On

the seventh day, in

its

15

course,
16

The rain from heaven and all the flood, Which had destroyed like an earthquake, began The sea he dried up, 17

to

lull.

And
And
I

the wind and the flood began to cease. 18 I perceived the deep uttering a roar;
all

mankind turned

to clay.

19

Like reeds 20 the bodies floated. 21
22 opened the window, and the light broke
23

over
24

my

face
I sat

;

down and wept; over my

face ran

my

tears.

13

14

15

tpr.
16

HU

or

pW
upon
the face

17

ls

19

iSip jra
20

Returned

to dust.

The reed (Hip).
\Vere carried

of the waters.
23

'^n.
**

STSin

to shine.

Say, mine eye ran

down (TV)

with tears (HW?^, coll.)

;

Gr. p. 133,

ad Jin.

IV.

The Chaldean Deluge (continued).
red
1

tin-

1 shore at the boundary of the sea:

D*H

C]in

;

say, shore of the sea,

its

boundary.

140

HEBREW PRIMER.
rose the land.
;

For twelve measures 2

To the country of Nizir went the ship The mountain of Nizir stopped 3 the ship,

And

pass over

it

she could not.
# *
#

On

the seventh day, in the course thereof, 4 I sent forth a dove, and it departed. Went the dove, and turned;
It

found no resting-place, 5 and
6

it

came back.

I sent forth a swallow,

Went
It

and it departed. the swallow, and turned;

found no resting-place, and it came back. 7 I sent forth a raven, and it departed.

Went

the raven, and the corpses on the water

it

saw

;

It ate, it

swam,

8

it

wandered away,
9
10

it

came not back.
winds
;

I sent forth the creatures

to the four

I poured a drink-offering;
I built

on the peak n of the mountain Seven by seven I took bowls 12 of wine Under them I put reeds, pine-logs, 13 and spices, 14

an

altar

:

;

,

jugerum,

str.

a yoke.

3

Hif. -iqp.

4

iWrrriK

nW,

Gen.

viii. 8.
6

5

nm
riy.
njn, coll.
Bfch.

-tiTT,
8

f.

7

nnfef ; the impf. is rabb.

9

10

^p3
12

YW

D:0-

11

13

u

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

141

The gods assembled at its burning The gods like flies 15 gathered over the
;

sacrifice.

16

15

MT,

coil.

16

nma.

V.
Tshtar goes

down

to

the

Underworld.

the land of Hades, the regions of corruption, 3 2 Ishtar, daughter of the Moon-god, turned her mind.

To To

1

the house where
Irkalla:

all

4 meet; the dwelling of the god

The house whose entrance 5 is without exit; 6 The road whose way is without 7 return The house at whose entrance they bridle in the light; 8 Where dust is their food their sustenance 9 clay
;

;

;

1

To She 61, land of destruction (jn?N)

;

or use

v

regions.
2

rnhtn?.
Set her face, or her heart.

3

4

'irW?

nyifc n'3.

Jot xxx.

23.

6

6

Xyifc.

Translate:

from
init.

its

entrance thou shalt not

go forth.
7

Gr. p. 142, note

ad

9

T1K

^IT

f^/t./l.t
J1TO victuals.

9

Bread ; or

142

HEBREW PRIMER.
;

Light they see not
10

in darkness

Ghosts,

like birds, flutter their
its

Upon

the door and

bars

lies

wings abundance of dust.
;

they dwell n there
;

When
To To

Ishtar arrived at the gate of Hades, 12 of the gate a word she spoke the porter

:

the porter of the waters quoth she, 13 Open thy gate, and let me enter
!

Open thy

gate

!

If thou

I will

14 open not thy gate, that I enter not, 1B force the door I will break down the gate
;

;

I will force the entrance

;

I will cleave the portals in

twain
1 will raise

!

16

the dead, the devourers of the living
17
!

;

The
10

living are outnumbered by the dead

J3
12

Til

13

TOgn

or aran, with suffix.
3,

14

Gr. p. 144,

ad

init.

15

pS;
nSy,

use ptcp., Gr. p. 150
hif.

(c).

16

17

Many

the

dead above,

etc.

;

Gr. p. 137,

VI.

The Descent of Ishtar (continued).

Through the first gate he let her pass, and stopped her There was taken off 1 the great crown from 2 her head.
2

;

From

upon.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.
3 "Porter, take not off from

143

me

the great crown from

my
"
Enter,
4

head

"
!

Lady

!

treasures

for the "
!

Queen of the land demands her

Through the second gate he
There were taken
" "
Porter, take not off from

let

off the earrings

her pass, and stopped her; 5 of her ears.
"
!

Enter,

Lady

!

the earrings of my ears for the Qaeen of the land demands her

me

treasures!"
third gate he let her pass, and stopped her ; There were taken off the precious stones from her head. " Porter, take not off from me the precious stones from

Through the

my
"
Enter,

head!"

Lady

!

for the
"

Queen of the land demands her

treasures

!

her pass, and stopped her; There were taken off the small lovely gems 6 from her

Through the fourth gate he
forehead.
7

let

"Porter, take not off from

me

the small lovely

gems

from
u Enter,

my

forehead!"
!

Lady

for the

Queen of the land demands her

treasur

Through the

gate he let her pass, and stopped her; There was taken off the central girdle of her waist. 8
fifth
''

Hit',
5

impf.

"YID.

*

rbfo peculiar prvj

nte'p:.
rra.2.

6

rn&nn ^3,

or orn?.

7

with sufiix nnya.
of her loins from her middle.

7

A

144
"

HEBREW PRIMER.

Porter, take not off from

me

the central girdle of

my

waist
"

"
! !

Enter,

Lady

for the
"

Queen of the land demands her

treasures

!

Through the
feet.

sixth gate he let her pass, and stopped her
off the
9

;

There were taken
"

golden rings

of her hands and

Porter, take not off from

me

the golden rings of

my

hands and feet!"
" Enter,

Lady

!

for the
"

Queen of the land demands her

treasures

!

Through the seventh gate he
her.

let

her pass, and stopped

There was taken
u
"

off the last

garment

Porter, take not off from

me

n from her 10 body. the last garment from

my
"
Enter,

body

!

Lady

!

for the
"

Queen of the land demands her

treasures
9

!

10

11

VII.

The Revolt in Heaven.

The god of

life
5

divine

*

thrice

2

uttered

3

the beginning

of a psalm.
1

Assyrian
3

elliti

= high, noble.
3

Gr. p. 68, note 2.

JP3n

to

pour for

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

145
7

The god of holy

songs, lord of obedience
9

6

and worship, 8
9

Seated a thousand singers and flute-players, And ordained a choir 10 to answer to his anthem in
multitudes.
11

With loud mockery 12 they broke up 13 his holy chant 14 16 15 They spoil, confuse, confound, his strain of praise. The god of the precious diadem, 17 willing to summon 18
;

his followers,

19

Sounded

Which

a loud blast that might wake the dead, 21 22 23 to the rebel gods forbad return;

**

Their service he stopped; he banished 24 them to the

gods his

foes.

8

rnjf
10

service.

9

W,
yah.

ptcp.

;

H, ptcp.

Dn&pTO
11

Wl

band of singers.
12

(ten Sip3
13

rvjtffri.
15

*

rm.

rvreTi,
17

pn,

hhz.

16

*p18

Say, rferiraJ

to call,

.

.

.

*?

19

Dnjn
%

companions.

21

D nsn-n

TVO

to?.

3

^Ind ordered the

rebel,

etc.;

^73?

wo^

to

reftim

(inf. constr.).
14

Ch^

(pi.

EH)).
11

146
In their stead he

HEBREW PRIMER.
made mankind
life
25
:

The
25

first

who
he

received

dwelt with him,

Whom

made

alive, pi. PVH.

VIIT.

A
Lord of

Prayer.

all

worlds,
2

not on
3

account of 1 our

own

righteous deeds

our supplications before thee, but on account of thy manifold tender-mercies. What 4 are we? What is our life? What our goodness?

do we lay

What are our righteous deeds? What is our help? What our strength? Wliat our courage? What can Lord our God, and our we say in thy presence, fathers' God ? Are not all the mighty as nought before 6 5 thee, and famous men as though they had not been,
and the wise as without 7 knowledge, and the shrewd 8 as without understanding? For most of their doings
are empty, and the days of their
9

life

are vanity before

1

PL

of

njrra.

3

Hif.

of S1
1, 2.
5

4

Gr. p. 44, notes

Gr. p. 129

(ii.).

^33.
See Part
II.,
1, line 2.

8

Nif. ptcp. of

P3

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.
thee; and man's excellence over
all
10

147
11

cattle is

nought;

for

things are vanity.
10

11

n
[p.

Pausal forms.

IX.

A
our mouth
l

Thanksgiving.

And And And And And

of song as the sea, our tongue with shouting as the roar of its billows our lips with praise, 3 as the spaces 4 of the firmafull

2

;

ment;
our eyes flashing, like the sun and the moon our hands outspread like the eagles of heaven; our feet swift as the hinds;
;

We

could not thank
!

5

thee enough,

Lord our God, and

nor bless thy name, for 6 one in a thousand of the thousand of thousands of thousands

our fathers' God

and the myriads of myriads, in number, of the benefits 7 which thou hast bestowed 8 upon our fathers and upon us.

Out
1

of

Egypt thou ransomedst

us,

Lord our God,

Or. p. 06,
ratf, rabb.
ll'e

ad

init.

2

Gr. p. 133
arrtb.
j'X,

(!>).

4

sujfice

not for thanking

; 7

with ptcp.

hif.

p3D.

6

L;.
Say, hast done
trlth (CSJ).

ninto.

s

148

HEBREW PRIMER.
;

and from the house of bondage 9 thou didst redeem us in famine thou feddest us, and in plenty thou maintainedst
10

us

;

from the sword thou didst rescue

us,

and

from plague thou didst deliver us; and from sore and stubborn n sicknesses thou didst set 12 us
free.

Hitherto

thy tender-mercies have holpen us, and thy kindnesses have not forsaken us and thou wilt never cast us off,
;

13

Lord our God.
House of slaves.
11

n
pfctt firm. T v: iv J
I

T

, T"

p r

3

D'firn

= ra (T7r\ayx

vaL i

viscera, as the seat of pity.

X.

A
Extolled
*

Hymn.
3

He He

4

is,

be the living 2 God, and all-praised and His being 5 is unbounded by time

be

He

!

!

is

one,

and there

is

no oneness
8

like His;
is

6

7 Incomprehensible, and His unity

endless

!

2

Gr. p. 130,
Say,
is
is

1.

3

Hithpa.
6

l"Qfc?

;

rabb.

*

found.

fi^VO

;

rabb.

Say,

and there

no time

to

his

being.
6

One (TIT)

like his
nif.

oneness (*WT)

;

rabb.

7

Hidden
;

=

ptcp. thy.

8

rabb.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

149
10

He hath neither He was before n
The
Lo,
first,

material

9

likeness nor substance;
;

every created thing without beginning to His beginning

!

He
all

is

Lord of the world
12

;

To
The

creation

He sheweth 13
of His

His greatness and His

sovereignty.
14

inspiration
15

prophecy

He

gave

to

His

peculiar

and glorious ones.
like Moses,
16
!

There hath never yet risen in Israel one

A prophet, and beholder of His form A true law God gave His people,
By
17

His prophet, the faithful one of His house 18 19 God change His edict for another!
:

will never alter nor

He He He

watches and knows our secret 20 thoughts beholds the end of a matter at its outset. 21
;

requites (to) a

man

with kindness according to his

doing;

He He
*

gives the wicked

woe according

to his wickedness.

will send our Christ at the

end of days,

Likeness of body

(tpU, rabb.).

10

And

he

is

not body.
13

u
14

Every moulded

thing.

Hif. impf. PIT.

y?B>; rabb. use.

15

The men of

his property

and splendour (np^D and
17

Upon

the

hand of

8

rn, late word in Old Testament.

19

For

besides

it

(H^T, with suffix).

H

150

HEBREW PRIMER.

To redeem those who hope for His final deliverance. 22 The dead will God revive in His great mercy a be His lauded 24 name Blessed unto everlasting
:
!

22

The end of

his deliverance.
24

23

trig.

Cf. 22.

XL
The Song of Zacharias.

Blessed be the Lord/

God

of Israel,
for

For He hath
people
;

visited

and wrought ransom 2

His

And

raised a horn of salvation for us,

In the house of David His servant, (As He spake by the mouth of His holy prophets, Which have been since 3 the world began ;)
Salvation from our enemies,

And from

the hand of
4

all

who

hate us

:

To shew kindness to our fathers, And to remember His holy covenant The oath which He sware to our father Abraham,
:

2

Made

a ransom

=
;

Who from
*

everlasting they.

Inf. constr.

with ?

to

shew kindness

to

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

151

That He would give 5 us, That we, being delivered out of the hand of our enemies,

Might serve Him without fear, In holiness and righteousness before
All the days of our
life.

Him

And

thou, child,
called,

prophet of the Highest shalt thou be

For thou

To

go before the Lord to prepare His ways. give knowledge of salvation to His people.
shalt

Through forgiveness of their sins, By the tender mercy of our God.

Whereby To give

the dayspring from on high hath visited us; light to them that sit in darkness and the

shadow of death,

And
6

to guide our feet into the

way

of peace.

Inf. constr.

with

/.

XII.

The Temptation.

Now
And

Jesus, full of the

Holy Ghost, turned back from
into the wilderness
devil.
1

the Jordan.
In

was led

in the

l

spirit

for

forty days, being

tempted by the

1

An-usative; see Gr. pp. 132
|tpB7l the

(6),

138, 4, 5.

4

fiend or foe.

152

HEBREW PRIMER.
he ate nothing 2 in those days and when they were 3 completed, afterwards he became hungry.
;

And

And
And

the devil

4

said to him, If thou art
5

Son of God,

command

this stone

to

become bread.

6

Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, that man shall not live on bread alone, 7 but on every 8 utterance of Yah we.
the devil led

And

him up

into a high mountain,

and

shewed him
9

all

the kingdoms of the world in a

And
To

point of time. the devil said to him,
all this lordship,
10

thee will I give

and

their glory

;

Because to

me

it

hath been delivered,
I will I give
it.

And

to

whomsoever n

Thou, then, if thou fall down before me, 12 shall be thine. All

And

Jesus answered and said to him, Get thee 13 behind me, Satan, for it is written,

2

Did
3,

not eat anything,
inf. constr.

3

with

of n*?3, and

suff.

;

Gr. p. 152 (d).

5

Say

to this stone.

6

Weak waw

with jussive; Gr.
its

p. 144, 3,

and note

2.

7

H3?
1

=

in

separation.
9

9

"PP >S NXto.
Jlto

*)$

rabbinic use.

10

^

(cf.

sultan).
12

11

IBfcj?.

Say, all of them.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

153

Yahwe thy God shalt thou fear, And him shalt thou serve alone.

And
And

14 to Jerusalem, and made him he brought him 15 stand upon the tower of the temple,

said unto him,

If thou

art the

Son of God, throw thyself 16 hence

downwards.

For

it is

written, His angels he will charge for thee, to

keep thee; hands they will bear thee, Lest thou dash on a stone thy foot. And Jesus answered and said to him, It has been

And upon

said,

Thou

shalt not

tempt Yahw&

thy God.

And when

he had finished every temptation, The devil departed from him 17 until a fitting time.
14

Made him
PlJaD

go, hif.

5

a mural tower, stans in praecipiti.
17

16

73,

hithpa.

Say, ceased

from him.

XIII.

From
who

the

Qurdn

(I).

Lo, they
F<>r

believe,

and work righteousness,
1

them there are gardens of delight; Always shall they abide in them
:

niai

154
2

HEBREW PRIMER.

God's promise is sure, For he is the almighty, 3 all-wise.

He framed the heavens without pillars that ye And he cast upon the earth mountain heights,
Lest
5

4

see,

And
Also

she should rock with you. he spread upon her some of

all

creatures.

we

sent

down from heaven
6

water,

And

caused to spring up

thereon of every noble kind. 7

This was God's creation;

And show ye me what
Truly the godless are

those beneath
in plain error!

him 8 have created
9

4

And

their pillars are not seen.
6

5

tote; Psa. xciii. 1.

Pitt*, hif.
;

7

Every good plant
8

after its

kind
9

Part

II.,

3, n.

Less than He.

ntffc D'VJID.

XIV.

From

the

Qurdn

(2).

See ye not that

God turneth darkness
darkness?
the

into light,

And turneth light into And made the sun and
Each runneth
1

moon do
2

service?

*

to an appointed goal.

Cf. Psa. xix. 6, 7.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

155

And
This,

lo

God knoweth whatever ye because God is the truth,
!

do.

And

because that which ye invoke beneath him
nought, because

is

And

God

is

most high, all-powerful
3

!

See ye not that the ships run
favour,

along the sea by God's

To show you of his signs? And when the wave like shrouds * hath covered them,
5 6 They call on God, showing him pure devotion; 7 But when he hath brought them safe to shore, Some of them halt between two opinions. 8 Yet no man denieth 9 our signs,

Save every treacherous ingrate. 10
1

Mankind, fear your Lord,

And

dread the day

when

father shall not atone for son,
all
!

nor son for father, at Lo, God's promise is true.

3

Psa. civ. 26; pTI,
Psa. civ. 6; BtaVs.
Cf. Psa. cvii.
1
1

pi.

impf.

4

6

28; ~h$

pX.

^orshippmg purely.
led them to the haven (linO) of their

f

Psa. cvii. 30;

8

D'fi??n vflT^y nps,
11

i

Ki. xvii. 21.

y>W

=

cha/

: />

irit

156

HEBREW PRIMER.
n
beguile you,
12

Therefore, let not the world

And

let

not the Guileful beguile you as to

God

!

13 Lo, with God is the knowledge of that hour, And he sendeth down the rain,

And he knows what lieth in the womb. And no soul foreseeth what it will gain to-morrow, And no soul foreseeth in what land it will die
:

Lo,
11

God knoweth,
T?n?? DTlfi

is

aware

14
!

men of the world ;
(NBft), Isa.

Psa. xvii. 14.

13

tth

N'BT^

xxxvi. 14.

13

That day,

i.e.,

the judgment.

XV.
From
the

Quran

(3).

Muhammad's

Paradise.

Verily

we have prepared
2

for the unbelievers chains,
!

1

and

But

yokes, and blazing fire 3 the righteous shall drink of a cup whereof the

mixture

shall

be camphor,

The fount whereof the servants of God shall drink, 4 5 6 They shall make it flow in sluices everywhere.
1

2

D'j5?.
3

ntpto.
4
G
I;,

6

hif.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

157

For they

fulfil

the vow,
evil shall

And And

they fear the day whose
they feed
8

be swift: 7

the needy, and the fatherless, and the bondman, with food,

For the love of Him.
"

We feed you only for God's sake, We want not from you return or
9

thanks.

10
1

Verily
12

n we fear from our Lord a Day of Gloom, of

calamity!"
Therefore

God
13

will

keep them from the

evil of that day,

And will cast And He will
icith

upon them bright looks and gladness. u them in that requite they were patient,

15 gardens and silken attire;

they lie upon couches; 16 17 They shall not see therein sun or moon. And low down anigh them shall fall the shades thereof, 18

There

shall

And
7

the grapes thereof shall hang low. ID
]

Its calamity tarries not

8

Gen.

xlvii. 12,

^3

(pilpel of
10

hty with
Blessing.

dupl. accus.

9

Seek not from your hand.

11

071x1 but (on the contrary).

12

nrmj
^Cf-

terror.

13

Make

his face shine.

11

18

Eze. xvi. 13,

17

1

The shadows

shall incline

around them

;

they shall

descend in the shady place
19

Shall iuw as a rush

158

HEBREW PRIMER.
will

And men
and

go round

to

20

them with vases 21 of

silver,

flasks.

The

flasks shall

be of silver

;

They

shall themselves fix the measure.

22

And there shall go round to them immortal youths; 23 When thou lookest on them thou wilt think them
scattered pearls.

And when

thou lookest, thou shalt look on loveliness, and a realm of glory.
shall

Upon them

be robes of brocade, 21 green

25

and

glistening,

And And

they shall be adorned with bracelets of silver, 20 their Lord will make them drink a pure liquor.

Verily this shall be your recompense, And your effort shall be accepted 17
!

20

rW wait on.
DD13 rOO.
PlOjn, Jud. v. 30. T
I :

21

*|D|

22

M Sons of God.
25

24
26

/

JQX coloured ~v

robe.

pjpJO BTPfi;
27

cf. Isa.

xxv.

6.

He

wilt accept (J"TCn) the

works of your hands.

XVI.
The Merciful Euler.
I

know

that Allah loves the poor,

riches to

whomsoever he

will try;

1

and that he gives but to the poor he

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.
sends
all

150

who

speak his word, that they
2

may

rise in the

Does not he give rain, when 3 3 the blade would otherwise wither, and a dewdrop in
midst of their misery.
the cup of the thirsty flower?
to be
4

And

is it

not sublime

sent
6

5

to seek

them that are weary, who have

lingered

behind after the work, and have fallen down

exhausted 7 on the road, because their knees were not
strong enough to carry them to the place where they

should receive their wages
give a helping hand
ditch,
8

be glad to to him who tumbled into the
?

Should not

I

and a
8

staff to

him who climbs the mountains
joy,

?

Should

not

my
into

heart leap with
9

when

it

sees
10

that I have

been selected

amongst many, to turn
weeping
into

lamentation
giving
?

prayer,

thanks-

2

rn*

(?arra), rig.

5

Say, upon the grass

when

it

begins

to

wither; or,
2.

upon

the
4

drooping (//?^) g

r ass.

Deut. xxxii.

h&
Is
it

m'V;

Gr. p. 136, note (1).
tit

5

a small
or,

in, t

that

I should

be sent
inf.

'
.

.

.

and impf.;
6

JTfttpfr^ HKT

xSn and

pJ

Irnpfs.

Shall not

I

reach (H7^) the

hand of my

9

God

hath chosen

me

out of many.

10

Cf. Isa.

xxv.

2.

160

HEBREW PRIMER.

XVII.
The Unrighteous Judge.

time will come when the passenger will stand before a house and ask, " "What is this, that the harp l is silent, and the song of the maidens is hushed?" And they will answer, " man has died."

A

A

whosoever journeys 2 to the villages shall sit in the evening with the host, 3 and round about him the
those
sons and daughters of the house, and the children of who live in the village, and he shall say
:

And

"

A man

has died

sold justice to

who promised 4 to be just; and he He everyone who gave him money.
with the sweat of the labourer
5 5

watered his

field

whom

he had called away from his own labour. He did not 6 pay the labourer his wages, but lived on the food of the
poor.

He became 7 rich from the poverty of others. 8 He had much gold and silver, and plenty of precious stones; but the labourer who lives in the neighbourhood did not know how to appease the hunger of his
1

Isa.
*tin

xxv.
^VStf
;

8, the

joy of the harp has ceased.
. .
.

2

the stranger that sojourns in

3

ivan

*m
;

4

Saidj or swore

inf.

with

7.
6

5

-ay

;

rnhy.
Inf.

rnsto.
His neighbour.

7

8

*1W,

PIECES FOB COMPOSITION.
9

161

child.

He
11

gnashing
justice.

10 man but there was smiled like a happy from the suppliant who sought of teeth
;

on his features; but there was no milk in the breasts of the mothers
fain

There was contentedness

12

have given suck." Then the people of the villages will say: u Allah is great: we curse no one!"
9

who would

Satisfy his child with bread.

Gr. p. 133

(b).

10

"

-

His face shone.

XVIII

A
I

Javanese Elegy.

know not where

1

I shall die.

w

When
If
2

the great sea on the south coast, I was there with my father making salt;

I

die at sea,

and

my

body be thrown
and swim round

into the deep

wat
Tlu-n sharks will come,
u
3

my corpse,

and

Which of us
into the
J

shall

devour the body that goes down

water?"

hhall not hear it!

1

Gr. p. 13G
,

(ii.);
i

omit

relat.

i:,7.

162
I

HEBREW PRIMER.

know not where
4

I shall die.

I saw the corpse of Palisoe

who

died of old age ;

For

his hairs

were white

:

If I die of old age, with white hairs,
6 Hired women will stand weeping near

my

corpse

;

And
And

will

make lamentation 6
7

like the

mourners 8 over
8

Palisoe's corpse;

the grandchildren will I shall not hear it
!

weep very loudly:

I
i

know not where

I shall die.

Badoer many that were dead. They were dressed in white shrouds, and were buried
have
seen at
the earth
;

in

If I die at Badoer,

and

I

am

Eastward against the hill, 10 Then will Adinda pass by there, n of her dress will the border

buried beyond where the grass

9

the village,

is

high

;

And

sweep

softly along

the grass:
I shall

hear

it

!

4

The hairs of his head;
Cf. Isa. vii. 20,

or, white hairs

were

to

him.

6

TWysm

'#J; or

nif.

ptcp. of 13P.

6

73K, qal impf., and hithpa. ptcp.

;

or fii339, with

accus. pers.
7

Sons of sons.
Without; Gr.
p.

8

Cognate accus.

9

117, line

4.

10

On

the east before the hill.

11

pfys9

Sp9,

1

Sam. xxiv.

5.

TIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

163

XIX
The Preaching of
the

Buddha.
3

angels throng to hear the discourse until all 4 the heavens are empty; and the sound of their ap5 proach is like the noise of a storm, till at the blast of
the archangel's trumpet they become as still 6 as a 7 All nature 8 is moved ; the everlasting waveless sea. 9 hills on which the world is built leap for joy, and bow

The

l

2

themselves before the Teacher
dispose
11

all

things

as

is

the powers 10 of the air most meet; gentle breezes
;

sigh,

and delicious flowers 12

fill

the

air

with their

scent.

13

K

'J3; or, D'BTTj?.

TliiDlJl troop together

(^^3 a

troop).

rrtpK, or

Vfi

nw.
(is) like

The voice of their goings Gr. p. 128 (1).

a storm

(that) roars.

When
6

the prince (D^JvpJSn IB?)
(d).

of the angels blew the

trumpet; Gr. p. 152
ttp'j!X?*5,
7

or

}TV

Gr. p. 130, line 5;
All

D^

iS

p*.

8 9

thin.j* tremble (tDIO, nif.).

Foundations of
mi'jhltj
;.

the earth,

"NH HDte.

Use
blow;

ones of the expanse order all their realm Tt?Tl, with inf. of "pM; Gr. p. 151, n

rJ':

bxh

la

</,>Htly.

Flowers of
ii.

deli.jht.

<i<irance,

HH

JHJ,

Cant.

l;i.

164

HEBREW PRIME R.

The evening was like a lovely maiden ; the stars were 14 her braided the pearls upon her neck, the dark clouds 16 15 her flowing robe. 17 As a the deepening space hair,
18 crown she had the heavens where the angels dwell these three worlds were as her body; her eyes were
;

the white

lotus

flowers,

which open
it

20

to

the

rising

moon; and
the bees.
21

her voice was, as

were, the

humming
first

of

To worship

the Buddha,
23

22

and hear the
maiden came.

preach-

ing of the word,

this lovely

14

D^
Pttfth
Pl#[ja,
Isa.
iii.

15

24.
;

18

The deep of
or perhaps

the heavens

or, circle
7.
18

of the heavens,

;

rihl,

Job xxvi.

Cf. also IX., 4, supra.

17

WnD.
nns, Cant,
vii.

Gr.p.l36(ii.),omitrel.
13.
31

20

oniri najij?.

23

Prophet, or wise man.

**

Beginning of his words.

XX.
Buddhist Ethics.

As
1

the vassika plant casts

down
olive

*

its

withered blossoms,

Job xv. 33

;

as

the

casts

away (^7^!

withered bloom

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

165

So cast out

2

3

utterly,
4

mendicants,*

ill-will

and

lust.

Do no

violence

to a

Brahman,

5

But neither let him fly at 6 his aggressor. W< >e 7 to him who strikes a Brahman
!

More woe

8

to

him who

strikes the striker

!

fool What is the use of plaited hair, 9 10 What of a garment of skins? Your low yearnings are within you And the outside thou makest clean. 11
!

!

He who, though

he has committed no offence,
12

Endures reproaches, bonds, and

stripes,

And

out of

much endurance 13

or 73.

3

ye poor.

Bhikkhave,
4

i.e.,

Buddhist monks, who lived on alms.
nbty.
6

B5?

8T?, or

DOT
or,

A priest.
His aggressor,

til

upon;

turn his

hand against.

/

will befal (PON, pi.)

to...
hif.

B

And

he will increase (HI*!,

impf.) evil
*1N,

.

.

.

Pro, xxiii. 29.

h *&$ ...h

or 'in D31

.

.

.

In.

/<(.

xiii. 4.

*)V^

n^N
21.

a hair cloak.
i.

Say, trhcrc-

to thee the
ln

hair cloak.
iii.

Isa.

11.

niy njTD, Gen.

Thy face only thou
.

washest.

\

nd

the whip, tDIB^.
,>2,

Pro. xvi.

inpy

166

HEBREW PRIMER.
for himself a
14

Makes

He
14

it is I call

mighty army, a Brahman.
viii. 3,

Founds for himself strength ; Psa.

V
:

NOTE.
" Lo, the

The

last
is

stanza

man who

be paraphrased thus without fault (px, with ptcp.) r and

may

bears (ptcp.) reproach,

etc.,

and from the greatness of

his humility (or longsuffering,
for himself strength, to this
Isa. viii. 12.

D?K
man

*=ptf)

founds (impf.)
Priest.'
1

I will say,

XXI.

A

Parable of

the

Sower.

A

wealthy Brahman named Bharadvaja was
2

1

holding

his harvest home, when the Teacher came and stood by with his bowl. Some of the people went up and but 3 the Brahman was angry, paid him reverence
;

and

4

5

said,

Sramana,
I

I

ploughed and sown
1

6 7 plough and sow, and having 8 eat; it would be better if you in

""Wi with ptcp.

Was

holding the feast of his harvest.

of the prophets came and stood by him, and his bowl in his hand.
the sons
3

2

And a man from

And.

4
6

In pause.
D?j.

5

Ha, prophet!

7

And I eat my
Is
it

bread in
to

its

season.
like

8

not good for thee

plough

me, etc.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

167

like

manner were

to plough

and sow, and then you

would have food

to eat.

Brahman, was the answer, I too plough and sow, and having ploughed and sown I eat.

You
of
9

say you are a husbandman ; but

we

see no signs

it,

said the
seed,

Brahman.

Where

10

are your bullocks,

and the

and the plough?
is

Then the Teacher
and good works 13 wisdom and modesty
11

answered, Faith

the seed I sow,
1S

are as the rain that fertilizes are

it

;

the parts
16

1*

of the

plough, and

my mind
18

is

the
;

guiding

rein.
17

I lay hold of the

handle

of the

Law
is

earnestness

is

the goad I use;
this

18

and diligence
is

my

draught-ox.

Thus 19

ploughing

ploughed, detha.t it

stroying the weeds of delusion.

The harvest 20

9

And
1

thy

work

is

not seen.

Where

they, the bullocks

which
13

to thee, etc.

Draw forth, ^gto, ptcp.
Makes
it

13

great.

Works of justice. M HIT handles.

15

D737 for

restraining, Psa. xxxii. 9.

16

Staves of the

Ark of Covenant;
T.

rvnjJPl

pn$ ^3.
zeal for
/////

17

Q'-i^fc straightforwardness;
/j.

or

= HT1& Diligence
I set,
i.e.,

say,

18

Say,
9

sharpen;

2!tt, hif., 1

Sam.

xiii.

21.

So I plough
<>f

the

ground, ploughing and uprooting
151
the
(U), inf. abs.

deceit; Gr.

p.

My

Aa/To/,

and

reward of

the

toil

of

168
is

HEBREW PRIMER.
the ambrosial fruit of Nirvana, 21 and
22

yields

by

this

ploughing
1

all

sorrow ends.

extinction, i.e., of the passions. " fruit of this substitute, the tree of life."
2

Nirvana

=

For

And

by

the

works of

my

hands

I make

to

cease

sorrow and sighing.

XXII.
Buddhist Ethics.

He who, himself not stainless, Would wrap the yellow-stained
l

robe around him,

1

le,

devoid of self-control and honesty,
2

Is

unworthy

of the yellow robe.
4

Hut he who, cleansed 3 from
Is well

stains,
5

grounded

in the precepts,

1

He who
and

longs to put on the robe of the 'efdd (Ex.

xxviii. 4).

And

he profane, lacking honesty (Ex. xviii.

21),
2

not pure, that
;

man,

etc.

p

Jbj5

or say,

is

not accounted a master of the 'efod

in honour.
3 4

"into,
6

hithpa.

irni
do them.

And

remembers

the precepts to

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.
of honesty and self-restraint/ 'Tis he who is worthy of the yellow robe.
5

169

And

full

The mendicant who
wisely,

controls

his
8

7

tongue,

speaking

and

is

not puffed up,
9
10

Who

throws light on
is

worldly and on heavenly things,

His word

sweet.

That mendicant whose

11

life is love,

Whose joy

He
Let

12 of the Buddha, the teachings 13 the tranquil lot. will enter

his livelihood

be kindliness, 14

His conduct righteousness. Then in the fulness of gladness, 15

He

will

make an end

of grief.

16

8

And

restrains himself (ptf, hithpa.) in the honesty
(Ofi).

of his heart
r

Psa. xv.
tongue.

3,

does not slander

;

or Pro. xxi. 23, keepeth

His heart
'

is

not high, Psa. cxxxi.

1.

Teaches his people.
'

"inn,

str. illustravit.

lie utter eth

goodly words, Gen. xlix. 21.
his soul.
13
i.

law of kindness upon
12

Plpf?.
1

Cf. Psa.

-2.

Inherit.
f

Kind

in all his

ir<>/

in all his

nctiws.

'

ninDE> yyy, Psa. \vi.
.xi.

11.

2,

nmx

ivatfn.

170

HEBREW TRIMER.

XXIII.
Paraphrase of
Othello,

Act

iv., sc. 3,

22.

Emilia.

Lo, I have put the coverlets on thy bed, as
1

thou didst bid.

Desdemona.
coverlet?

What

difference

between coverlet and

Is not one like another?
folly is

How

do we resemble children, and with our heart
!

bound up

If I die before thou diest, clothe

my body,
words

Emilia, in this

linen robe.

2

Emil.
Desde.

Utter not with thy

lips

like that!

3

mother had a maid betrothed to a man, and her name was 'Aziiba; 4

My

And
And

her lover became mad,* and forsook her, and went
his way.

in her mouth was set a song of old, by name, The Willows of the Brook, The words of which were sweet to a broken-hearted 5

maid
1

like 'Aziiba.

TO.

2

njn
thy lips according

3

Thou

shalt not

make go forth with
*

to that
4

word.
Forsaken.

rmy
nn

Mad,

5

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

171

And

she sang that song at the time of her soul's going
forth.

And And

I,

I

have set to-night that song before mine eyes,
'

almost do I crave to sing
!

it,

as did Aziiba
!

:

But make haste

Complete thy task

Under the Oak of Weeping (Desde. begins to sing.) 'Aziiba is weeping for the husband of her youth The willows weep, they shiver, for the broken heart 8
:

Of her that pineth away 7 through love Her hand on her head, and her head between her
:

knees

:

Shriek, wail, ye willows

!

willows

!

willows

!

Her eyes were red from weeping, and moistened by her tears 8 (To Emil.) Put this aside, Emilia!
:

stones were

Shriek, wail, ye willows! willows! willows!

(To

Emil.')

Make
in a

haste,

complete thy work, he will

come

moment.
brook when
I die,

Among the willows of the me with a garland
!

crown ye
9

Even
J

in his
.inst

wrath
him,

I love

him; speak ye no treason
Lo, he
is

Uit

not so
'.

is

the end of the song.

10

knocking
!

!

It is not he; only the

wind bloweth u

7

D'3n;a
9
lu

JTJD.
11

pin.

Nif. ptcp.

172

HEBREW PRIMER.

XXIV.
Paraphrase of Othello (Itiuel),

Act

v., sc. 2,

259.

See, a

sword

in
it

my

hand

!

A
1

thou hast not seen on warrior's thigh. remember the days that with my sword that * is in
better than

my
I clove

hand
a path between twenty obstacles
3 2

me

like thee.

But

in vain

do

I boast
5

now;

for the

wheel has turned,*

And who can reverse its revolution ? And let not my sword scare thee
!

Fear not
Lo,
I

me

!

am come

to

my
Here
is

end!
the limit of

my

6

life;

here the shore to

my

ship!

And
Even

wherefore, then, shouldst dread

me?
1

at the shaking of a feeble reed 'Ithf
!

would turn

backward

7 Nay, whither arn I to go ? How can I look on thy face, victim of wrath, 8 destroyed, faded flower!

Thy

face is white as the snow,
ice!

and thy

flesh cold as the

When we

shall stand in the

judgment,

4

Nif.

5

**

hif.

7

Gr. p. 150

(c).

PIECES FOK COMPOSITION.
Shall I not at the sight of thine eyes

173

throw myself from
evil

heaven

to the underworld,

between
!

angels?

Cursed art thou, treacherous slave

9 Come, ye ghouls and demons, smite me, hack me to

pieces

!

That

I

may

not look thither, towards the desire of
Scatter

my

eyes!

Put

my

flesh in
!

burning sulphur

!

my

dust to

the wind

And

bring down Alas! my wife!

my soul to streams of fiery my wife! my dead!
me
!

torrents

!

Woe's

me

!

woe's

XXV.
Paraphrase of
Act
Othello,

iv., sc. 2,

47.

that

God had
1

tried

me

with abundant distress and

disaster!
()

that

lie

had rained on
!

my

head

lire

and brimstone

from heave n
(jivcn

substance to plundering, so that and rny clothing I lacked!

my

2

my

bread

me walk
1

in captivity,

without 3 a hope of the

future,
-

nprai rn*, isa. xxx. 6.

njg,
*

from ra.
/

And

\

nnnx.

174
Still

HEBREW PRIMER.
should I find comfort, within me!
still

all

my

life

(would be)

But

to set

me up

as a
6

mark
all

5

for the

arrows of scorn

and contumely, To become a gazing-stock 7
!

day long, and a laughing-

stock to every passer-by, Alas who could stand it ?

Yet even

in

an iron furnace 8
10

like that,

9 may be

1 could

play the man, and I should come forth purified. But he hath destroyed the fountain n from which are the
springs of

my

life

12
!

And my

well,

upon which

I live, or cease to be,

Has become a well of
abomination.

alien trouble, full of

scum 13 and
15

Therein the
there,

melting snail

14

walks, and

frogs

leap
16

And who

can longer hope in this vale of misery?

7

Pljjn,

Eze. xxviii. 17.

10

hithpa. impf. pausal.

12

Pro.

iv.
iii.

23, 45,

Dn
Ditftfl

13

Lam.
Psa.

'TO.
snail.
DftJl
is
:

14

Iviii. 9.

hw^W
the

melting, liquefactio.

(The passage
yahalok,
perishes
15

in the
like

Psalm
snail

i.e.,

k e m<5 shablul temes which departs a-melting -=
16

by melting.)

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

175
18

And

17 now, change thy visage, Patience, though thou be young and fair as an angel of God,

And become
17

hideous

19

as an apostate
18

20

spirit

!

Or,
19

make

thy face fall.

PlJJg

H3.

riKTB JH-

*

TP-

XXVI.
The Power of Imagination.

Hip.
Thes.

'Tis

strange,
of.

my

Theseus,
1

that

these

lovers

speak

More strange than
2

true.

I

never

may
3

believe

These antique
Lovers and

fables,

nor these fairy toys.

madmen

have such seething brains,

Such shaping

fantasies, that

apprehend

More than cool reason ever comprehends. The lunatic, the lover, and the poet, 4 Are of imagination all compact: 6
1

Things wonderful above
Trifles

the truth.
like

of yore (DHjT^S) and words of vanity

tliese.
3

For

the spirit

of the lover and the maniac (tt^J?)

boils over

much

(ST?n),

and

their heart

fashions vanities

(S^n) above
'he
/<>r,
'

all that

a

man

of sense (/3K7J) understands.

man
pil.
<ir<>

pleasant of songs (T\T\^\
ptq>.
if not seers ofr<tnit;j

D^);

or,

the

"V#,

\Vlml

tJi>sr

and nothingness t

170

HEBREW PRIMER.
sees
is

One
That

more

devils
:

6

than vast hell can hold; 7
the lover,
all as frantic,
:

the

madman

8

Sees Helen's beauty in a brow of Egypt The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling, 9

Doth glance from heaven

to earth,
10

from earth to heaven

;

And

as imagination bodies forth

The forms of things unknown, the poet's pen Turns them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing n

A

local habitation,
6

and a name.

Shakespeare.

DHfi#; orig. lords (Assyr. demigods).

7

Many
njJJ;),

above

Sh

e

'6l.

8

hif.

ptcp.

And

this

one wanders like his neigh-

bour,
eyes.

and

the

brow (HV5) of

the

Egyptian

is

fair in his

The singer's eye looks to the heaven above and to earth beneath, Isa. li. 6; Gen. xv. 5 (Gr. p. 113), in
exalted frenzy.
10

9

the

his

Wlien

lie

sees in his heart

.

.

.

Gr. p. 152 (d), then
them.

he gives with his
11

pen (t^H) a form

to

a breath of nothingness he gives (impf.) a place of dwelling and a name.
to

And

XXVII.
Puck.

Now
And
1

the hungry lion roars, the wolf behowls the moon

1

;

A

sound of roaring of hungry

lion

!

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

177

Whilst the heavy ploughman snores, 3 All with weary task fordone.

2

Now

the wasted

4

brands do glow,
5

Whilst the scritch-owl, scritching loud, 7 Puts the wretch that lives in woe
In remembrance of a shroud.

6

Now

it is

the time of night,
all

That the graves
8

gaping wide
9

Everyone

lets forth his sprite

In the church-way 10 paths to glide: And we fairies n that do run

By the triple Hecate's team, From the presence of the sun,
Following darkness like a dream,

Now

are frolic
13

:

not a mouse
this

12

Shall disturb

hallowed house

:

-

Man
For

of the ground
with
toil

;

or "ON.
is

3

of his hands he

wearied

;

or,

wearied

in strength,
4

H3

JT^.
or, t?X vO,?5

Burning;
6

^

r

v-

Shrilling

(

7H,

pi.)

for

i70zc<?.

Wds

^/ie

reclining one whose heart is

sad (3N|)

of the garments of the grave.
6

GT. p. 50, line

1.

9

Gr.

p.

142,

ad Jin.

10

The field of
I//'/

the

dead.
f

Mte

are sporting, the runners of the chariot

(^xh-n^r^i.
13

V^t,

178
I

HEBREW PRIMER.

am

To

with broom, 16 before 14 sweep the dust behind the door.
sent,
15

Shakespeare.
14
1

D^fi ?.
16

16

.

XXVIII.
Althaea's Brand.

filled with sighing the city, the ways thereof with tears She arose, she girdled * her sides, She set her face as a bride's

She has

And

:

:

She wept, and she had no pity: 2 2 Trembled, and felt no fears.

Her eyes were clear as the sun, 3 Her brows were fresh as the day
She girdled herself with gold, Her robes were manifold
:

4
:

5

But the days of her worship 7 are done, Her praise is taken away.
2

Pausal forms.
the

3

Cant.

vi.

10;

or, the

brightness of her eyes as

sn.n.
4

Job
*1TN,

xli. 10,

her eyelids like the dawn.

6

hithpa. with accus.

6

Isa. Ix. 20,

&V.

7

Honour.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

179

She

set her

hand
is

to the wood,

8

She took 9 the

fire in

her hand

:

As one who

nigh to death, 10 She panted with strange breath 11 She opened her lips unto blood,

:

13 She breathed, 12 and kindled the brand.

Atalanta in Calydon,
8

p. 82,

Piur.
IT.

= firewood.

9

nnn, nnn\
Plur.

10

12

13

XXIX.
From
For death
is

the

Same.

And

fate

l

deep as the sea, as the waves thereof.
thee,

Shall the

waves take pity on

Or the south wind

offer thee love?

Wilt thou take 2 the night for thy day, Or the darkness for light on thy way,
Till
I>(
3 thou say in thine heart, Enough?

thou art over wise; The sweetness of spring 6 in thine hair, and the light
hold thou art
fair,

4

in

thine eyes.
1

Decree (ninrO) of

God ;

or

'j5j?n

decrees.

Or,

}H5N

desti
2

h

D'B>.

s

in.
HJPI

4

JVfl'SV

'

TO, Gen.

xviii. K).

180

HEBREW PRIMER.
and the sound
in

The

light of the spring in thine eyes,

thine ears;

Yet thine heart
Wilt thou cover
*

shall

wax heavy
6

with sighs, and thine

eyelids with tears.

thine hair with

gold,

and with

silver

thy feet? Hast thou taken the purple to fold thee, and made thy mouth sweet? 7
Behold,

when thy

face is

made

bare, he that loved thee
8

shall hate:

Thy

face shall be

no more

fair at the fall of

thy

fate.

For thy

life shall fall

as a leaf,

and be shed 9

as the rain

;

And

the veil of thine head shall be grief; and the crown
shall be pain.

*

Cf. Eze. xvi. 10, et seq.

6

Gr. p. 133 (a).

7

Cf. Cant. v. 16; say, sweetened thy palate, ^|H

8

In

the

day thou

art

humbled (7$) and fattest.

9

h&hr.; or

*]SB>,

nif.

XXX.
From "A Song
The
For
heart of the
in time of Revolution."

rulers
:

1

is

sick,

and the high-priest
is

covers

2

his

head

this is the

song of the quick that

heard in the

ears of the dead.
2

1

Isa.

i.

5.

2 Sam. xv. 30.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

181

The poor and the
mighty and
the noise
4

halt
:

and the blind are keen 3 and
the sound of

fleet

Like the noise of the blowing of wind
of their feet.
5

is

They

are

smitten,
6

they tremble

greatly,
7

they are

pained for their pleasant things; For the house of the priests made stately, 8 and the might in the mouth of the kings.

They

are grieved and greatly afraid; they are taken, tlu-y shall not flee:
is

For the heart of the nations
the springs of the sea.

made

as the strength

9

of

They were

fair in

the grace of gold, they walked with
11

delicate feet:

10

They were clothed with the cunning of 12 of their garments was sweet. smell

old,

and the

For the breaking of gold in their hair they halt man made lame
:

13

as a

Hah. L
.

s,

Tin.

4

#sn.

vi. 4,

hm.
floored with cedar.

hy ...h

*iy.

,

I

of the wise of old their clothw</, Jer. x.
27.

!.

vii.

>Si, Gen. xxxi. 32.

182

HEBREW PRIMER.
are utterly

They

naked 14 and bare;

their

mouths are

15 bitter with shame.

14

Mic.

i.

8,

ny}

w.
in their mouth.

15

Shame

is bitter

XXXI.
From
But the arm of the elders unbound and undone
the

Same.
l

is

broken, their strength

is

:

They wait for a sign of a token cometh none.
Their

;

they cry, and there

moan
is

is

in every place, the cry of

them

filleth

the

land:

There

shame

in the sight of their face, there is fear

in the

thews 2 of their hand.
3

They

are girdled about the reins with a curse
:

for the

girdle thereon
5

For the noise of the rending 4 of chains the
colour
is

face of their

gone.

For

the

sound of the

shouting

of

men

they are

grievously stricken at heart;

Their loins he hath loosened, Isa. xlv.
3

1.

Sinew, TJL

3

Psa. cix. 18, 19.

5

Their faces pale, FQ!!, Isa. xxix. 22.

PIECES FOK COMPOSITION.

183

They

are smitten asunder with pain, their bones are

smitten apart.

There

is

none of them
for
6

all

that

is

whole

;

their lips gape
7

open

breath

;

They are clothed with sickness of soul, and the shape of the shadow of death.
6

For

lack of

.

.

.

Psa. xliv. 20, with the shadow, etc., are they covered;
or, the

shadow,

etc., is their covering.

XXXII.
"/ am
Then
\v
*

the Resurrection.

11

when Jesus came, he found 2
3

that he had lain in

the grave four days already.

Bethany
6

was nigh unto Jerusalem, about 4

fifteen

And many

furlongs off. of the Jews had

come

to

Martha and Mary, 6

To comfort them concerning
"C\V31, with pf.
1

their brother.

;

or impf. with strong waw.

Say,

found him.
4

""'<i

3.

known).
.

I'H'i'a of yround (exact equivalent not Gr. p. 132 (a); simple accus.

Bj.

184

HEBREW PRIMER.
that Jesus was

Then Martha, as soon as she heard 7 coming, went and met him; But Mary still sat 8 in the house.
Martha, then, said to Jesus, 9 Lord, if thou hadst been here,
died!

my

brother had not

But 10 even now
of God,

I

know 11

that whatever thou shalt ask

God

will grant thee.

Jesus saith unto her, Thy brother will rise again

I

Martha
I

unto him, know that he will rise in the resurrection
saith

12

at the last

day.

Jesus said unto her,
I

AM THE RESURRECTION AND THE
IN ME,

LIFE.
IF
13

HE THAT BELIEVETH
SHALL LIVE!

EVEN

HE HAVE DIED,

AND WHOSOEVER
NEVER
She
saith

L1VETH AND BELIEVETH IN ME SHALL

DIE.

Believest thou this?

unto him, Yea,* Lord, I have believed that thou art the Christ, the Son of God,

who was coming 14

into the world.

7

Gr. p. 117, line

1.
9

8

Ptcp.; Gr. p. 149 (a).

Gr. p. 158, 4.
init.

10

^K

1|K.
12

" Pf ttr n 141 ad Pf., Gr. p. 1 40, a
reviving,
.

n*np

Plfi'lpJil

rising
*

;

rabb. synonyms.
Dtt5N.

13

2. Gr. p. 158 (2)
Ptcp

14

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

185

XXXIII.
Raising of
the

Widow's

son.

And

it

came

to pass the
2

day

after, that

*

he went into a

city called

Nain

:

And many
people.

of his disciples went with him, and
3

much

Now when
4

he came nigh to the gate of the

city,
5

Behold, there was a dead

man

being carried forth, an

And And when 7 the Lord saw her he had compassion 8 And said unto her, Weep not. 9 And he came 10 and touched the bier, And the bearers stopped.* And he said, Young man, I bid thee, rise And the dead sat up, and began to talk:
!

only son to his mother, and she a widow; much people of 6 the city was with her.

on her,

11

1

Impf. with strong waw, Gr. p. 145,
'/

1.

its

name.
great gathering.

5

THil

7Hp a

4

Use waw.
Ptcp. act.

= men were bearing.
to
.
.

*

P? belonging
Gr.
'

.

of origin;

1

Sam.

i.

1.

p.

152 (d).
Gr. p. 143,
'

Sy WH; impf. Din\
1

1,

note

1.

Came

near.

Pi',

in

pause.

186

HEBREW PRIMER.
he gave him to his mother. there came a fear on all,

And And And

A

they glorified God, saying, 13 great prophet hath arisen amongst And God hath visited 13 his people
12
!

us,

12

Use
Both

'3; Gr. p. 162, 1, 2.
pfs.,

13

Gr. p. 139,

2.

XXXIV.
The Beatitudes and Woes.

And

he

lifted
*

up

his eyes

upon

his disciples,

and said

:

Blessed

are ye poor,
is
!

For yours
For ye For ye
Blessed

the kingdom of God Blessed are ye that hunger now,
shall be filled!
2

Blessed are ye that weep now,
shall laugh
3
!

are ye

when men
4

shall hate you,

And when they shall ban you, and And cast out your name as evil,
For the Son of Man's sake
!

reproach you,

Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy,
1

n#K,

the bliss

of the poor

!

Use the 3

pers. in

the first three couplets.
2

Satisfied.

Use the pausal form.
separate.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.
great in the heavens ; For such things did their fathers to the prophets.

187

For

lo,

your reward

is

But woe unto you the rich, For ye have received your consolation. 6

Woe

unto you that are
:

full,

For ye shall hunger Woe unto you that laugh now, For ye shall mourn and weep
!

Woe

unto you when

all

men

shall speak well

6
7

of you,

For so did

their fathers to the false prophets.

But I say unto you that Love your enemies,*

hear,

Do good

to those

who

hate you,*
9

Bless those

who
8

And
5

pray

for

those

curse you,* who deal * despitefully
6

with you.

ntoinjri.

Praise.

r

*

Prophets of lying.
9

Ptcps. with suffix.
TfiC

oppressor.

XXXV.
"Jesus
lives!

Alleluia!"

Jesus lives

]
!

no longer now

Can thy

terrors, death, appal us;
1

Tl.

188
Jesus lives

HEBREW PRIMER.
!

by

this

we know
Alleluia!
10

Thou,

2 grave, canst not enthral us.

Jesus lives

!

henceforth

is

death
;

But the gate of life immortal This shall calm our trembling breath, 8

When we

pass

its

gloomy

4

portal.

Alleluia

!

Jesus lives

!

for us
5

He

died

;

Then, alone

to Jesus living,

Pure

in heart

may we

abide,

Glory to our Saviour giving.
Alleluia!

Jesus lives

!

our hearts know well

6

Nought from us His
Life,

love shall sever; 7

nor death, nor powers of hell 8 Tear us from his keeping ever.
Alleluia
!

2

Lead us

captive,

:

*3# PQ#, Psa.

Ixviii. 19.

10

'T^n.
There/ore
shall
the

}

breath

of our fear be

stilled

4

Of.

turning of last clause.
another.

6

For Him and not for
Say, we believe.

8

7

Nought

will divide between

us and His

love.

PIECES FOK COMPOSITION.

189

Jesus lives

!

to

Him

the throne
is

Over

all

the world
9

given
is

;

May we go where He
Rest and reign with

gone,
in heaven.
!

Him

Alleluia
9

Amen.

Gr. p. 159, N.B.

XXXVI.
Evening Hymn.

God who madest
Darkness and

l

earth and heaven,

light,

Who

the day for toil hast given, For rest the night 3 May thine angel guards defend us,
:

l

Slumber sweet thy mercy send us, 4 Holy dreams and hopes attend us,
This live-long night
!

3

NOTE.
1

Each stanza should form

six

Hebrew

lines.

Thou.
protect us with the watch of thine angels!
ll>;

8

v.

-pD,
''

liii'.

sleep fal'/,
to

/////

mercy.
visi

*

Send

us
8

t//<

IT;i"i of thy justice in
'Job iv.
!

of the night

190

HEBREW PRIMER.
5 Guide us waking, guard us sleeping,

And when we
May we
6

die,

in thy holy keeping All peaceful He When 7 the last 8 dread 9 call shall wake us,
!

Do

not thou, our God, forsake us,
us,

But to reign in glory take With theeon high! 10
5

2,
7

with

inf.

8

Make

us

rest.

Begin with N^Stf.
In
the

9

day of the trumpet.
it!

9

p.

the dreadful day, and who can endure note ad init. 142,

In

Gr.

10

In

the lofty places

of the heights of thy heavens.

XXXVII.
"Sun
Sun of
of

my

Soul."

thou Saviour dear, 1 2 It is not night if thou be near ; 3 may no earthborn cloud arise,

my

soul,

To
1

hide thee from thy servant's eyes

!

Begin,
2

My

beloved

!

My

Saviour

!

At

the brightness

of thy rising darkness has fled.

3

Psa. x. 18.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

191

When

the soft

dews of kindly

sleep
4

My wearied eyelids gently steep, Be my last thought how sweet to rest
For ever on

my

Saviour's breast.
till

5

Abide with
Abide with

me from morn
I

6

eve,

For without thee
For without thee
If
8

cannot live;
night is nigh, 7 dare not die.

me when
I

some poor wandering child of thine Have spurned to-day the voice divine,

Now, Lord, the gracious work begin, Let him no more lie down in sin.

Watch by the sick, 9 enrich the poor With blessings from thy boundless store; 10 Be every mourner's sleep to-night
Like infant's n slumbers, pure 12 and
4

light.

When

pleasant sleep has fallen upon
like the

my

eyelids,

Gently descending
5

dew upon

grass.

that(Gv. p. 1 60,

ad init.)

then

I might say in my heart.

How happy
fl

to

repose (Jv) in

my

Saviour's breast
1.

(pTl)ybr ever!
*|#J *3? twilight.

Psa. cxxxiii.

Terrors of death will fall upon me.
K

Psa.
.

Iv. 5.

InkTn)L

r.

;

Ifath a

man

rejected

.

.

?
to

Like a perversely) son
9

(that) chooseth not

hearken.

03K,

nif.

/'rom the wealth of the storehouse of the fulness of
11

12

pr,

pi

Without

sin.

192

HEBREW PRIMER.

Come

near,

and bless

Ere through the
Till in the

when we wake, world our way we take; 13
us,

ocean of thy love

We

lose ourselves in

heaven above u
!

When we go
p.

forth

to

our ivorks until evening.

Gr.

37
14

(a).

And
In

in our end (JV*inX)

may we

rejoice (tiV, hithpa.)

in the abundance of thy love,
the greatness

of the delights of thy heaven

!

XXXVIII.
Reading from
the

Pirke Abhoth.

fl
:

HNS
y T

po

jn

*
y

rrasj T
-;

H

M

nnx

nn

rt

Reflect on three things

;

rabb.

=

Heb.

/'3JJ571.

*

/Sm,

lit.,

transgression; rabb.

'athid litten

= daturus
litten,

'athid
d
e

= ready,

es,

rabb.

= latheth.

thou art going

to give.

Reckoning, account.

From an

unclean germ

(lit.,

foul drop).

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

193

(?)

*Kn|VT$f?

^nan nn

nn
CT

M

TO

nsj

^51^

n^n

na;i

y

N*9n oSiyn

^n ^39 n-n

Si

ran oSin

nn

^

ni

/ Both words

mean worm.

Ttn
k

to ^(? like.

npo^ypoj/, porticus, vestibule.

*

Prepare,
'

hif.

Enter,

nif.

rabb. use. JpD; DJ5; rabb. use.

Triclinium
"

= palace

or dining-hall.

An

ho

Repentance.

la-frigerium aniini, refreshing of the spirit; rabb.

XXXIX.
77*0

Value of
1

the

Law.
1

i

Vox'-

l)i.-n

(^i-ma

said:

was

-

once travelling

^;n, witli

pi.

194

HEBREW PRIMER.

on the road, 3 and met 4 a man who saluted 4 me with, 4 He then said Peace, and I returned his salutation.
5 I answered him, unto me, Eabbi, whence art thou? 6 from a great city abounding in sages and I come

scribes.

He

then

said to
city,

dwell with us in our

thou art willing to I will give thee thousands of

me, If

7

gold dinars, besides diamonds and pearls. 8 I answered him, If thou wouldst give me

Whereupon
all the silver

and gold, diamonds and pearls, that are in the world, 9 n in a 12 10 where the law is dwell save I would not place
studied ; for thus
is it

written

*

in the

Book of Psalms, 14

3

In

the

road ; pausal form.
pfs.

4

All these verbs are

with waw.

Say,

and

there
to

met me one man, and gave me peace, and I returned him peace. Returned, Tjnn, from the Chald. use.
5

rim From

Dipp PIPN&. a great
city

6

Of
7

of wise men, etc., / (pausal pron.). ? + $ expressed by ;$, a very common rabb. pt.

=

Say,
us, in

Thy pleasure our place, and
cf. to

(Jiyi) that thou dwell
I,

I

will give thee

(tnJ?#) with a thousand of

thousands in dinars C*)^) of gold, and goodly stones,

and pearls (rtv|*p,
8

^apyaplrrf).

Ptcp.
9

=

about

give.

D7lJD$ which

(are) in the world.

10

TJ rr.

11

M7&

rabb. from Chald.

=N
14

12

A place

of law.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.
13

195
lato
16

by
tijan

David, king of
tijousan&s

Israel, 33cttcr

15

ts

tf)

to

me
the
19

of

goitJ

anB

8tlfcfr.

17

18

Besides,

at
is

time of man's departure from this world, he

not

accompanied either by silver or gold, by diamonds or 20 as it is pearls, but by the law and by good deeds only,
21

written,
tfjoti

2

fcfcttjruit

tfjou
sijall

toalfccst

it

sljall
tljrr,

IcaU

tijee,

tofjen

tat UoUm
23

toatdj olirr
24

an&

tofjcn

tijou

atoafcrst
it

tt

Bijaii talfc

toiti)

tficc.

"When

thou walkest

shall lead thee," that

is,

in this world;

"when thou
is,

liest

down
Ji
:

it

shall

watch over thee,"
it
25

that

in

the

grave
thee,"

and "when thou awakest
the future world.

shall talk
it

with

in

And
5

is

26

said,

13

Gr. p. 137,

1.

3

Law And

of thy mouth.

17

Pausal form.

8

not, further, is it the case that, at the
i.e.,

///*

departure,

of man,

etc.

IJTVtp?
;

TO^a^

hour of TIJ? NT)
hour.

DHtf 7^.
IVtiru
19

TOfc?

moment, in Daniel

Arab,

sa'at,

is

rabb.
J'N,

Use

and ptcp.

pi.

of

HP

= cleave
not

to

.

.

,

rabb.

Say, cleave not to him,

i.e., to

man,

(lo') silver

and

1

Nil',
1

pf.

3 sing. m. with -^ prefixed.

Inf. liitlipa.

with prefix and suffix, Gr.

p.

152

(</).

1

"pp, pf.

liif.

with

waw

conv.

i

i

it

..

.u>

with

f<>

me; impcrs. oa
11'

196
fs

HEBREW PRIMER.
win*, an&
tfje

afltoer

gol& is mine,

aaitf)

27

tfje

HorU of

27

Dtti

=

utterance,

oracle.

Constr. of unused abs.

uttered.

XL.
Reading from
the

Pirke Abhoth.

Din? n*30

IT

onoiK

nira

n^

it

Tn
ni
fl
,

Heb., measure; rabb., mores, dispositions, natures,

characters.
b

What

is

mine

is

mine, or what

I have

is

mine.

c

Middle, between the extremes of bad and good.

d
'

Common

people.

Temperaments. f Easy.
9

rabb. =

To

be pleased;
to

here

to

be appeased, pacified ; pi. in

pacify.

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

197

Tpn

,

yen

,

^n?^

THEI

1

ytotf ?

THE -nn^n? nnp
n^p onpang

IT

THOJI

ia

n

*^to

bn

ir

*

Hif. inf. of "IDS

to lose,

corrupt, destroy.

" His loss

goes away (== disappears through) his gain."
*

To forget.

XLI.
The Almsgiver and
the Student.

Four
alms.
<
1

dispositions are

There

is

he who

found among those who give 2 3 is willing to give, but who
;

he has an evil eye 4 not wish others to give 8 urds others. There is he who wishes others to give,

-

If,

who
ly

is

fitting that he

may

give, ptcp.

of

fnllou-cd
s

'~*

and impf.
pi.

Simply NT), and impf. 3
Say,
*rds
///>

4

eye evil;

7^3

=

in

what belongs

to

=

as

=

towards; rabh.

and the following verbs are

all

imp!'.

198
but

HEBREW PRIMER.
will not give
6
5

who
to

himself
is

;

he has an evil eye
5

towards himself.
others
himself,

He who
is

willing to give,

and wishes
5

5

give,

pious.

He who
is

neither

gives

5 nor wishes others to give,

wicked.

dispositions are found among those who go to 8 7 There is he who goes, but does not work; college. 9 There is he who the reward of going is all he gets.

Four

works, but does not go goes and works nor works is wicked.

;

he gets the reward of work.
is

He who
Four

pious.

He who

neither goes

dispositions are

instruction before the

found among those who sit for wise the sponge, and the funnel,
:

the

strainer,

and the
in
13

sieve.

10

The sponge
rid of
15

is

11

that

which sucks
takes
13

in at

everything one end, 14 and gets
;

the funnel, that which
at the other;
16

the strainer

is

what gets

rid of the wine,

but retains

the lees;
18

17

and the

sieve is that
flour.
19

which gets rid of the

bran,
6

but retains the

7

EH"]?n TV? house of study, rabb.
pj*,

8

with

suffix,

followed by ptcp.
is

9

The reward of going (nDvPl)
J1SD, cf. o-TToyyoy.
*\fi& to keep.

in his hand.
to

10

^D,

fr.

*\&0

pour.
shake.

pi.

ptcp. of
11

PISJ, fr. SpJ to
12

KW.
Ptcp.
hif.

13

of D33

to

gather, with prefix
15

.

14

IT? ... in, Gr. p.
fifjjj,

42 (a).

Hif. ptcp. of

16

17

ptcp.

f. 19

18

Heb. meal). H8J5 (in

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

]99

XLII.
Fruits of the Study of the

Law.

r

roiT

b

nigh

rnir

"pDiyrr^
/

y

^i

nnn
anj?j
:

iS

ann

H?

i^3

thiyn^V xSx

niy

nnK
^HXTI rnjy

/

npsn-nx

llubb. to 5^wc?y.
'

*

^9r

its

own

sake.

Heb.
e

lidh
d

to be pure ; rabb. to have bharim harbe, is deserving of much.

merit,

deserve

;

not only obligation to him.
I 1

And

so,

but (that) all the world

is

wider

abb.

H

-f

3

=

sufficient

;

sufficient is he

for

it.

/

Maqom,

place, in rabb.

=

God, as containing

all in

Himself.
'

Creatures, from K*T3, Heb.
II if.

ptcp.

f.

;

and

it

(i.e.,

the law) invest* him. with
dupl. accus., Gr. p. 134,

//'//////////

<tnd reverence, etc.;

line 6.

T$

in Hibl., to

/"
,

lit,

suitable;

liif.

=

200

HEBREW PRIMER.
'jprnoi ,]%}}
.:

TDH
w
iv
:

rvor
/
:

rim

>J
/

i

njrto

:

rnin
/

T T

;

/

pDis "
|

i:

" "

?r

nn

'

Pi. ptcps.
^4nG? brings

"

him nigh

to

virtue (worth, desert, merit,

in rabb.).
1

Nif. ptcp. pi.

from H^H, Chald.
etc.

#o 6^

useful;

=

and

men
'

gain from him counsel,

Equals quod dictum

est,

as

it is

said.
*lj?n

p
to

Scrutiny of judgment search out).
Pi. ptcp.,

reasoning power (Heb.

9

and men
secret.

reveal

=

and are

revealed.

H, Chald. a

To cut
'

off, to

cease, rabb.

Bibl. to be strong.

And becomes, waw and he goes
;

9

Chald. impf. of !"!)!! (Heb. on and becomes modest.

IT!!)

with

Ruah
to

=

0vfjio?,

here passion,

'erekh ruah

=

slow

anger.
:

7Hpj rabb.
''

to

forgive.

p^75?? rabb, force,

wrong, injury.
things.

Works of God,

i.e.,

PIECES FOR COMPOSITION.

201

XLIII.
The Great Accompt.

Rabbi 'El'azdr
1

Haqqappdr

saith,

Envy,

lust,

and

ambition,
say,

take

2
3

men

out of this world.

He

used to

The born are doomed* to die, and the dead to 5 6 5 7 revive, and the revived to be judged; to know, to 8 make known, to 'learn, that He is God, He the Fashioner,

He

the Creator,

He
in

the All-wise,
10

9
11

He

the Judge, the

Witness, the Prosecutor,

destined to judge hereafter. whose 12 presence there is no 12 unBlessed be righteousness, no forgetfulness, no respect of persons, no acceptance of bribes. And know that all things

He

13 to the account; and let not thy happen according 15 14 thee that the unseen world is a imaination assure

I

Tin? glory.
I

Hep.

hif.

of

K

to

go

out.
4

-h^.
5

Gr. p. 152,

ad fin.

Simply

to live;

the living.

T,
'

nil',

inf. coritr.

from jnPp.
8

jrrS

= common H?^.
p?
to discern.

Nif. inf. of JTV.

9

Hif. ptcp. of
"1

Sy?, Gr. p. 129,

ad fin.

II

TfiJJ natty, with ir'-nmd.
\X^' ...
-r\
;!if.

Xs

;

<l<ml>l<

ive.

u
impf. with suflix, PIM.

"!, Gen.

viii.

21.

202

HEBREW PRIMER.
:

house of refuge for thee
17

since of necessity

16

wast thou

and of necessity wast thou born; 17 and of fashioned, necessity thou art living, and of necessity must thou
die;
trial

and of necessity must 11 thou hereafter submit to and account before the supreme King of Kings,

the Holy One, blessed be
16

He

!

^rn^'y very common
17

=

te invito;

*rn3~v?

me

invito, etc.;
lie

a

rabb. phrase.

nHjri

coegit,

forced.

Ptcps.

HEBREW-ENGLISH
GLOSSARY.

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.

n
n
father.

'3$,
c.

V3,
suff.
;

CT3&?i sing.

<

mighty, poet.

^niix,

id. pi.

aw;
strayed,
(2) a

coll.,

"O$
3

he

if as lost,

TTia/z,

esp.

homo,

perished.
pi.
c.

waw

V13^1, iinpf. conv.

common man
ground.
suff.
c.

;

jVpXh,
paosal.

iinpf. 2 pi.

m.

3
dorainus.
5/r,

owner,

truction

7H$

and

^8,

D
I/

iritens. pi.; last

= com
nif.

?X mourning (for
in.

mon title of God.

No
'

qal.

n^NO,

ptcp.c.old gen. ending,

J-X

-'

///',!'.

u']

///<(//,

ijhn-iou**

|"

3$

M
////x/.

a
,nif.iii.pf.

c-A,

p?S

gcr. inf.
i

206

HEBREW PRIMER.
in hif. to shine

TK

ear,
;

f.

D?3}N

1

tent,m. rPPltfPl, ace.
aft. v.

du.

^|^, constr.
0zVd.

of motion

;

vHK
K

to

hithpa. ^irc? oneself
Jro/Aer.
*P1K,
vrust,

^nK,
etc.,

soothsayer;
(caws&s),

%) demon
be-

vnx, ^n,

"X'W

see Gr. p. 65.
sister,

cause

of,

for sake of

innx

A^^ $.;

K perhaps
td
(1)

see Gr. p. 65.
?i^.

nn^, constr.;

nnx,
g

f.

grasped,

seized.

hurry} hasten
TIK
to sAiw*.

THjStl,

TKn ?,
1

hif.

pi.

imper. a/zc? seize! 5^W/, 5^W^ 6^

inf. ger., to

give light,

iK

possession

?

>

^1

an d h e lightened
c.

no^er.

or

mn^

f.

brightened,

obj.

(dag.impl.in !"!);

DHHK,

18J, hif. juss.
Cf.
(f.),

n
(lit.

espec. of

riN a/fer

power,

wonder,(rr]iJLtiov

terwards.
behind, loc.

N.T.
,

Trtnfc, pi. c. suff.

and temp.;
etc.

X,

nK,

n,
etc.,

see
t

H^
adv. temp.
^'??i^

hinder
TX
island, sea-coast

#/i^n,

//-6>m

<Ag

(when),

he opposed,

OLTT.

TIN

ever since, of yore

adversary

K

in hif.

kened

(M) Ae

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
sea-coasts
St

1>07

ne, ny, (do) not, pro-

ram.

hibitive
X, pi.
pi.
c/t/0/s,

K

strong;

vX God. In prose usu. with some defining
adjunct,
e.g.,
'^1

shad-

-^\

day
*

terror, dread.

nn&'K

K

to,

unto.

vNI,

p.

id. (old ace. like PUT!?,

nrm)
T
IT
:

?,
l

vSx,

Dyw,

see

v /

Gr. p. 48, 5.
poet.

whence"?
Nt

w0, nothing (akin to
word).
J'K,

,

pi. intens.,
1

God
"]

"

last

constr.

sn, id.
art.; usu. nPlCl

c.

ttJ'K A* (w)
j'K

7Z0f;

'OKI

and

if (thou wilt)

not

oak

vr, as opposed to D*1K homo.
'

a thousand.
constr. pi.

VHNt

to

^ac/i other,

i

C

his

m.

ter se.

continuance,
ness, strength

prim-

handmaid.
//.

o

I>rofecto

firmness

;

fulness, truth,

honour

and

paus

-x-

prop up.
ger-inf.;
:

c. 3, ^rz^s^
//,

m,

c.

7,
nil'.

m

;

T^,!, imp!'.;

i

208
pK truly

HEBREW PRIMER.
nose.

)Nt

E^N

nostrils,

X

he said,
c.

TbK',impf.

nose; (2) aw^er.

^Nl

waw
;

conv.,

IpKh,
,

pausal;

,

,..,. brooks

**

ger. inf.

ihg,
,

restrictive adv.

imp.;

15O,

nif.

impf.

however, tamen

be called

^X
titf

(side) near, beside
coil.

truth, sincerity,

good

faith

mortal man, poet.

^

floodgates
.

3$ groaning, sighing

Wi^ff forty

Covenant)
/.
'3

id.

caravan

?

See
bound, prisoner
/^ scraped, gathered.
3 ?/;a5

hifil,

7*0

lengthened tD^J

^

(of

gathered, asiSV'SiS*

God granting long
and of
living lon<i)

life,

sembled.
7ig

t)D^

shall join his people,

i.e.,

shall die.
/i<?

P)DNpn,

= always
terra.

length.

With C

%

0;

pi.

ptcp.

rearguard
f")^n,
c.

(as

gathering up strag-

art.;

glers)

num
etiam ?

,

^ocyiia^e,

after

verb of motion

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.

209

TTK

he cursed.

Cf. apa.

^K

*\sri,

impf. 2
:
;

prec. imp.

rnx, TKV, hof.
s.
;

6/ws o/.../ exclamation
constr. of
1

NI

H^X

z^o-

impf.

,

i^e/ ^, n. f.; c. suff.
;

X

fir e,

f.

pi.
c.

D^J
suff.

IL
^nx
;

woman.
TIP'X

WN, cstr.
wife;
D'Bfy

mark
verb

of obj. of trans.

my

(=

old n. mean-

j)

^,

pi.,

see Gr. p. 65. (of

ing existence)

a watch

the

n,

-wsi,

c.

suff.

TiX;

niht

prep.

z^zV/i,

/xera,

Qv,
diro.

cum.

B^

HXtt from,

iin

(place, Assyr. asru),

indecl. part,
relat. clauses.

marking
i5<

thou,

pron.

2

m.

pi.
,

Dn

you, ye, m.

when

she-ass

>

^
3

/^,

A//, //////,

instr.

In

nif.
It

^
self ;

h<

D

?,

p?,

c. suff.;

parated
imp.
ll

tin

(of price)

nif. to pi.

emptiness
.)

stench
/.

(pi.

H:
n?n:i

.

quake for fear
coll.

2

/-///.

"i"

npra,
with

constr.;
off.
Lfi

H3,

i

210
to go.

HEBREW PRIMER.
a,

na, pf.
z
^l);
impf. 3

weepng
to

fade.

hif.

impf. (also
hif.

VlK'afll,
s. f.

p3

terror, poet.

3
'J.

nothing,

not.

v

i"n3Pl

s'ftto

the

pit.

"Han JY3 A0US0 of

dungeon

= prison

pvS

nothing

T3 sp0i7, booty
TT!3

JP3 Ae swallowed.
//(

JP3'
si

A0 spoiled

ia

A*

cA0s<?.

-iitr, c.

a

=

?3 non

nisi, except, unless.
c. inf.

confidence, se-

|3 son.

-ja,

^
15*5,

^a,

curity

D^a,^3;
he
built.

see Gr. p. 65.

impf.

p? between
|'3
to

shortened, with

waw

distinguish,

unhif.,

conv.

'/rstand.
to

^35,
nif.

See D
<?r

explain;

to

^>^

/Ae

sfe

intelligent; \^2T\\ hith-

of,

in

order that
"TV3 around, over

pal. perceive, see

JV3 /ow5^, m.

H^3, cstr.
l

to

5i/rw,

trans,

and

intr.

PO21 to
c.

t/?^j?.

^3*1, impf.
^|3*5,

waw

impf.

conv.,

id.

shortened form;
ptcp.
!

PO3,

vntage

firstborn, firstling

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
3 he
cleft, clove.

211
Impf.

Nif.

5? to flee.

A;

reflex,
pi.

and

pass.;

impf.

and

he deft

| fat
^l

(wood)
fleeing

3 a valley
3 ox, coll. oxen,

3 covenant
to to

kneel.
;

your oxen
3

1p3,

pi-

ife55

impf.

^^1;

morning

pu. ptcp.

D3T3, du.
after.

B^J,
conv.,

impf.

c.

?

gift,

present.

waw
by

followed

c. suff.

liE

ger. inf.
(2)
created.

Q

lightning
flesh
pi. to to// ^roorf

/we;
he
3!

made,

news,

i

c.

ace. of

recipient
1M3, etc.

-

1

hail

3 daughter.
c.

suff.,

see Gr. p. 107.

7

3

maidenhood

O
I/
V/
,

soldier

nt
7

id.
!

to

conquer.

^N"
:

'

roiiM
&t
-''55

rescue

-

212

HEBREW PRIMER.
|

great
jeers

to

r(?.
to roll

y\

and

they used

HI

kid

D5 also, even

%5
grow up.
Impf. A
to

to cfo to

Till to

or evil)

35 to

sfea/.

Pu.

stolen; (2) brought ly
stealth

nation
to

die

a
in

brimstone
sojourn
3

to

foreigner

(resident),

Tin

to

cw, shave

ptcp. of Tl3

*a/vvotv
ll

tlir

telling floor, corn-

floor
to

c?7W

o?/#

and so

75 a Ago/?, a

rwm
;

p.
or

ri75 to ^ay 6are, disclose

(2)

to

be exiled

ram, shower

to

c/^av^

to;

hif.,

In

pi.

^3^
7

rsue
icord,
story,
event.
)|1'13

as

ye

saza

,

inf. constr.

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
plague, pestilence
*l

213

likeness
ft to

honey

be

silent,

still,

Ft a fish

dumb.

DT,

pi.
;

W

nrr jih,

coll.

form) DH, 5^an^ 5^'^ imper.

(Aram,

TH

uncle
silence

"TH generation, age. PITT,

crrn
of
f

'knowledge (inf. cstr.

H

9T )
T

to

judge,
qal.

pj,

ptcp.

No
suff.

Pi. crwsA

T\
'5
c.

to to

pierce

roarng.

bend (a bow)

rr\
a road, way, journey
to

\

/I

(J_J*

seek

e?raw? water.

grass, esp.

young
Hif. id.

impf. 2

pi.

f.

2H

to

sprout.

to be

fat

he anointed

n
Ae,
,

In

Pent

pi.
r^

also she

ITH

//(.'

became,

in

01

juss.;

W
,

iras.

\"l\

id.

/"/
I

J'l

214
See POJ
inf.
to

HEBREW PRIMER.

abs. hif. of }tt

fix; steadfastly,

mo-

Dn*5,
jn fo/

c. suff.

tionless

yP! he walked, went
impf.
;

^T

njn

thither, hither

^[7*5

awe? Ae z^n*,

nn

fo/

toS'5; nrfej
1

we

will go;

PC ?}? I will go;
%

^XH
s. f.

here
"?

am II
turn,

to

overturn.

f.;

n, hif. imp.

were

take

away! ^D?
;

^ ye!

changed
ptcp.
c.

? into;

^J$hn,

toy), paus.

^Svi and he

old gen. ending

made
TpH
to

go, brought

overthrow

praise, pi.

ptcp.

= praiseworthy,

Pu.

^H

Az7/,

mountain. D^H,

pi.

laudandus
D7PI hither

:nn

^
to

H/.

^n;., impf.

H

pull down.

H3J

to

sacrifice

sacrifice
T\\

&, ra.

and

f.

;

also

this, in.

as rel. wAzc/i

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
to
f.

215

flow.

H3T, ptcp.

]

song, poet.

constr.

T,

Pl|r to be
^31 to be
to

pure
fj?T

T,

pure
Impf.

0W.

Ojpt,

constr.
TF\\

T

remember.

^T

strange, foreign.
f.

0;

in nif. to be men-

unlawful,

tioned
IF

memory,

remem-

terity
to

brance

sow.

Hif. to

memorial

IlTL
ar/??.

7311 a line
in pi. to
to
/>///c?

to

shudder. Pi
O7i

'i

embrace
0w, saddle.

to

^>rmr

travail

3

n;, iinpf.
to

^y> a feast.

A.
ir\\,

nmn,

pi.,

streets.

impf.
outside

nn
IH to cease.

to 5

to
^2^-

strong, to urge,
hif. to

ycircle (air)

lay hold of,

to

C.J

216

HEBREW PRIMER.

pin strong
p?.D strength
to sin.
.

Pass.

Ntprv, irnpf.

hif. to after

;

(2) ^rrow

again
ipn a sin,

an

offence

/D smoothness ;
portion

(2)

/of,

n
*n
^n T T

id.

DDj^Nterj, c. suff.

living.
to

HJH,

f.

p?H In
JTJT V
I

pi. to divide,

por-

tion out
I"

be alive, live.

impf.; juss. TP; pi. PVH
to

EPH

to

vanquish; (2)

c.

preserve

impf.
frail

B^rV

to

Z^ W5a^,

*n animals, coll.

ton cream, curdled milk
to
Pt

wealth; 2) host, army

and

^n
11,

fifth
to

constr.

a dream
,

mortar

]*Y?n

equipped,

ready.

bitumen

Coll. warriors

vPl sickness
}n favour
;

(2) beauty

ar
fan um)

^

-

a

pro-

jin

to

encamp

T?n In
to

po. to

wound.

Pi.

accus. arch, of fn,
dcopeav,

profane
to

for

nought,

u?H

dream

gratis

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.

217

H

to

bestow,
;

c.

accus.

h

boundary; 2) custom,

pers.

(2)

to

pity, impf.

statute
f.

j5H id.,

imp.

c.

suff.

^JH

pity

:rin

me

!

^^rrf,

f.

D profane,
Arab, kafir
"TpPt

infidel,

=

in paus. ^"111

H

to

be dry.

Hif. to

dry
kindness,

mercy.

n dry land
S'in a desolation,
waste,

H

to

fly for refuge, '

c. 3.

norr
to

ruin

Tin
lack.

to

tremble.

Tprr,

P i.
hif. to

TW;
c.

frighten, scare
A(9f,
^>^

"HI! to 5^
l

to desire, will, c. inf.

impers.

and

dat. to

?; to foue,

c.

ace.

angry ; IITI
r^a.9

;

and 3

17 awe? A^

angry

n

delight,

pleasure,
stylus, graving-tool

will

In
???

hif. to
to

exterminate
c0??*'
i

////////,

(prop,
^ev0to.

/v^/',

D
I/

II if. id.

Cf.

linrnin,

women's chamber)
-

n
to
//
.,<

|

'H,
]*n*i

pi.
to

to

JD/MC*.

Pi.

nvn

reproach, 7, 3

ir/z/.

rf ^n
/';////

!

reproach

court

218
in
silent,
'

HEBREW PRIMER.
hif.

&nnn

to

be

darkness.
c. art.

^|#nPI,

hushed,

keep

quiet

Tl to withhold, keep back

deaf
to

jnh father-in-law
think,

purpose.
nif.
to

n

to fo

lb>JT;

in

be
fear;

broken, esp.

by

reckoned, valued
fo dark.

in hif. to scare,
nif'al
irnpf.

affright;

nrr, id.

to be defiled; 2) adj.

;

(2) goodness,

polluted, heathen
to

kindness, happiness

dip
5/n^ in.

goodliness

JDtp

to

Pa.
JOt)

to

grind

to

Az*
fe

D

to

be pure.
/(?r
,

t|tp

on^,

coll.

DSB

jowre
f.

not yet.

0^63

before,

usu.

c.

impf.

In
^>e

hif.

n

to

wtH,

an arm of
the Nile;

the Nile,

willing, undertake.

7X1*1,

impf.
;

c.

waw

(2)

a river
soil)

conv.

foil,

by

ger.

produce (of the

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
*

219

to

be dry, withered.
^

y?, impf.

in. hif.

rrjn ^

ar-

T
J1J)

dry land
sorrow
to/<?ar.
ic ear

bitrate, dispute, decide

(a cause)

ir

Pf.

to

be able.

Pf.

0;

SW

y
c.

impf.,

to

master,

T
%

/*a;zt/, szefe

(locally).

T,
to

c. suff.

PIT
to

throw.

Hif. PHIPI

sea.

D^!

pi.

thank, praise
to

seawards

=

west-

JJT

know;

2) to regard

wards

UiV

to

y/iv, provide^*? to.

toPl,

imp., ascribe ye

to 5wc^.

p3^ impf.
to
7ZW?'6'6

;

w

hif.

See rrn.
PI.
D'fiJ,

p'JTJ

suckle;

DV ^ay.

W

ptCp. Hp^fi
DJ to

u^V ^y Jay
njv rf^

found, constitute;
Hpl^
sft

(old ace.)

nif.

to

sit

down,
in

espec.
council;
qal.
)DJ

together
pass,

H^ (union) tog ether. Vl^T

(2)

of

unions)

id.

n

to

a^J,

rfo

a

thiinj

esp.

again.
In
//^/inipi'.; pi.

Irapf.hif.
nif.

7H^
/
:

/o

-"N*
hif.

/:

^nin

^
to
I

\

^

C|W,
join,

to

to

counsel
,

trust in, ?

rr

\

a wood.

in

pi.

impf. ntp^
Hif.

ft

is

well.

well

'

Iiuiutij.

'S',

pans.

220
to

HEBREW PRIMER.
go
out.

N,impf.;
hif.

,

f.

Constr.

imp.

K;

greenness
IT

In hithpa. 3?fWl
oneself,

to

to

station

take
),

inf.;
;

one's stand

gerund
hif'il

c. sufF.

MJI^T?
to

lJ

to

"Wpfi,

mould, fashion. impf. with waw

^^IJl

g^ogZ

(nations), to

sme (their
means.

conv.

lands)

In

impf.

c.

waw
to

property,

conv. T? !*}, impers.

vtfj /

Aa^tf,

opposed
n0#;
t^'H -:

and 1dm

it

was narrow

to *Tj^N

/ Aaw

=

and

he

was

with interro^. pt. O A an est? 7s ^r^f
^J
to
;

vexed, grieved

In impf. f JW and he woke (f p")
r

sit,

settle,

dwell.
inf.

nif.

^'li;

precious, costly
:

to

NT

sleep.

]&"} impf.
;

to/^ar.

tfr,

c.

nif.

Jntt

fcm'flfe

waw, paus. HJ^^I and I slept soundly
deliverance, victory

fearing, fearful.
constr.,

NT

HB^

HNT,

f.

Hif.
to

S^Bnn

to

#0

TC,
n
;

m

rf0?rw.

Impf.
inf.
to

rescue, help
1

TQ;
nnin

straight, upright

hifii,

fatherless,

orphan
to

*W
to

In

nif.

^\m

be

left,

throw.

Hif.

HI

to to

remain;

hif.

to

/?0m^ out, show, teach

leave alive

"UT remnant

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.

221

3

a#i like.

^23
him.

like

me.

H3

strength,

power

^

inb3

like

H3b3
Pi.

like thee

as,

when
J

(a fact),
Irapf.

"133 to be heavy.

from.
be

*in3J-l

thou
de-

A.

Nif. to be honoured

shalt

hidden,

stroyed, nif. c.

3 heavy, great
'3 for,
if,

fnX!Tf?

when

heaviness
'3

=

W+3
(of)

=

as in

TD3
days
circle,

circuit,

coun-

^

'33

to

trample

down,

try round; (2) a

subdue

3 all;

c. suff.

D^3

all

C

H3
thither,

of them

yonder
prince

?? dog
to

D
V\.

\r\3 priest,
,-

be finished.

to
/i^

/msA.
/^/if

13^

O

3

nif.

off from

ing
?//>.

inij)!'.

;

liif.

V3 W5e/,
pre-

tool,

tr

t

't//H>n,

ornament.

PI.

pare,
D13
'

<

-

.

<//

w.

"01 "T3 ^,.

sha
poet.

-

- <^.

///>

222
thus. }3 so,

HEBREW PRIMER.
J3 /? there-

3 palm (of hand). D?93
du.

fore
|3
6)55

gnat
wing.

In

pi.

13

to

atone,

D
cherub.
Cf. Assyr.

*J3, constr.
Aarp,
a'ifern.

PL

Hi

kurubi,
bull

man-headed

In

nif. to

be brought

S vineyard

low, vanquished

JVO
P1D3 In pi. to cover, hide

to

CM#.

Nif.

to

cw o^j destroyed
to

iD3 covering

ND3

f/t r<w0.

With

suff.

C|D3 silver,

money, price

suff.

/ to, for, at

;

c. suff. V?,

H3 ? flame

1

(air.)

paus., 0^?,
^.

DnS
1 1

N7l neque, nor

HJ5 ?

brick.
to

D'}? ?,

pi.

N? a people.
/war*.
/war*.

CW^,pL
1

5
c.

^M ? U
1

Ae clothed another,
suff.

?, c.

two

ace.

in separation, alone.

pnn ?

1

flame.
/,

lS,

c. suff.

^

if!

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
rnb
'IT?
tablet.

223
In
pi. to

?/
'HP,

to

^ar7^.

teac/i

cheek.

paus.

;

B^fT?, du.

^7

ir/iy ?

no +

7.

njs?
;

2rh

Xif.

Cr^O he fought, 3 against /,

ni irhy, pray, ri irore

37 lamp, flame
*e,

2PP bread
prep.

See

b?

frankincense
nz^f/if.

v

Usu. nT7;
/n
/
;

c. art.

n /^ ?n, T
:

IT

i

p. i

mp.
/ to gather, collect.

Jv

focfyre,

pass

night.

So

p.
"T?7 ^c^-, captured.

^3?\

tongue, wedge, ingot

D
3
might;
great (>/

adv.

much,
shield
HiStt,
pi.

o
plague

a hundred.
constr.
;

?0

stroke,

H1X5,

I/
measure

niitlihi'j,

(|uid(|uam

A///;/*,

(umui

:x-:
In pi. ;xt

no, no,

no

//-A

hasten
;

-I*:

/<?<*

adv.

224

HEBREW PRIMER.

B and
fear

nif.

tity

melt
pi.

away, espec. through

p
toer.
Nif.
id.;

refuge

^,

n^np to-morrow
to

impf. BIS?

p
tottering
to

crush, bruise

circumcise

/^

opposite
;

ram.
;

Hif.

riT?to forfA

(2) birthplace

to

s0wd

ram

(3) offspring

who?

nnpto, npto, nnpio,
dations

D

w;ator.

^ and W?

constr.
ft'rae,

a
(2)

s0J
$#

festival;
as-

See

|W

meeting,

fend
straightness ; (2)?/y

sembly
(3) adv.

rightness

;

stroke, slaughter
to

dw.

Impf.
hif.

place, spot, poet.
to

i;

ptcp. TTO;

e.

Impf.
f.

,

constr.
to

.

ri

njg

=

n-rnQ what

is

that?
?9 a psalm, ode
blotted

^

fulness,

TO

messenger, esp. a di

out

vine one

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.

225
long sleeve

7^ work,
labour

product

of

c (a

less robe)

halting-place, stage
salt

surface.
to

7 /y50

Nif.

vanivh

//te

fop o/

battle, irar

7)JD //
to

In
cape

nif.

thtt

es

interpreter

depths
cause,

sake.
of,

tp?
^'J'*p!p

kingdom
sovereignly,

for the sake
domi-

and

conj. in order that
cave.

non
"jfi

fi^Mp, constr.

/row,

oztf 0/j ctTTo, e/c,

ab, ex.

With '1*2% from me

suffix,

pi.

^
5

to

find;

c. 7,

obtain;

3

nif.

prove

to Z>e

rest
id.

standing-.place,

sta-

n
I/

;

(2) place of

rest

tion

jp present, offering
fij

rove

pz'ffow

n)V9 lidding,

command.

nip,
ninrch
~*\:*i

pi.

njpD gathering
/

-.

'ir
'/

sanctuary

hii'.

A-

226

HEBREW PRIMER.
gains,
wealth,
esp.

9

dwelling, tent
to

cattle.

C. suff. DPUjp?
'

rule.

Hif.

inf.

(where

is

third rad.)

tal sovereignty
similitude, proverb

aspect, figure; tysight

constr. pi.

equity, judgment, custom manner,
p

^m^7, tribe, family

lD trampling

weight

pasturing
to be bitter.

banquet
Hif.

burden

embitter

stronghold.
#<9

5
Impf.

prolong,

draw

out

to

fo 5M?^^/.

A

,

enclitic

nif.

and hithpa.

to

particle of entreaty

prophecy
to

pastures, constr. pi.

fade, wither

and

pi.

#(?

corpse
J

the south. riZti south-

Hif. tD'jn to

wards
ti

front.

Prep, before,

prophet

c. suff.

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
In
to the

227

hif.

YJH

to

briny
tell

dwelling, poet.

front, declare,

^

to alight,

rest,

3

ow.

J5 prince, chief

Hif. lYiH to 5
(2) give rest
J?r,

brightness
ti to touch, strike.

^

to

slumber

impf.
3
to smite, strike.

t|^,

to

shake, quiver

impf.;
j}
to

nif. pass. terrible, nif.

ptcp. of

oppress
nif.

In
,

BUJ

to

draw?
fj

prince

(nazar,

to

approach; impf.

qal,
nsr-i
V V

T

consecrate)

;

inf.

constr.

streams

(nazal,

to

drop)
JJ stringed instrument,

nnj
lyre

to lead,

guide.

HHy,

qal

pf., hif.

impf.

1? a
15

wady, mountain
%

to

wander, flee
thrust; nif. to
fee

torrent
HJ3

to

possession
pi.
to

expelled;
f/*rM,sf

hif. trans, to
;

-

0w

comfort;

nif.

(2) seduce
*1T, impf.

P)
] /

reflex, comfort oneself

TO

to

iwr.

=

take vengeance

to foarf.

Impf.

A
to

copper,
} to stretch,

in
lead

pi.

Sn?, Sn?^

spread

out.
;

tD*5,

impf.
to

c.

waw con v.
So
hif.

Ttt a nVer. :md

PL

{Wkf,

10

228

HEBREW
spcery
In
hif.

PRIMEII.

In
J13n
c.
to.

nif.

3^3

to stmifl

;

smite.
;

^\, impf.

waw conv.

In
hif.

nif.

to

escape

;

see Gr. p. 109.

7^H

to rescue, de-

In
at,

hif.

T3P1

to

gaze

liver
?
to

recognise, discern

guard

33 a stranger, foreigner
jttt

female

0w?A,

ju vent us
J spotted

D3 ^0/e, banner

In
3

fean, innocent
pi.
to

tempt, try
(53

zoW, molten image.
to 77Z0V0

purity
to

P3

camp, march.

avenge,

c.

accus.

D?,

Wp:, impf.

Dp:, impf.

y3 pleasant
^a/z^a/.

In

hif. to

#0 round

D^yj, du.
to
cf.

pleasantness

IS?

^oy,
,

servant;

to o'razc?

ow^ or

0jf.

puer.

D^Vi,

pi.

imp.
3

rnyj
"iy^|

^w
blowing,
breath,
to ^/iafe.

So

pi.

blast

PISJ to breathe

tt
i

to fall.

h&, impf.
to
Zz//,

p^!, impf.

untimely birth
soul, life;

^^ar

;

(2) to

(2) will,

forgive (sin).
inf.
;

desire

;

(3)

^e//*

NB>:,

impf.

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
In
hif'il,
to

229

rbTl
win,

to

JfiJ

to

jew?, sef j give.

\F\,

overtake,

ob-

imp.; fJV,impf.; HJfiK

tain
u'3

prince, chieftain

a

a*'/.

D'ND (the

to

turn aside.

"

third part of

an

'Efd,

sesquimodius)
to

#0 round,compass.
nb:,

impf.

(no
*s[D

trader, merchant
6?ft, fair
trellis )

not found in O.T.)
?

around.
round,

Hb^D
with

PI3D

booth

places
suff.

7pD

pi. 7ig
to

stoned
up.

rhb

lift

Pu. ^d

weighed

^ir burden. CrPJD
/e/w
to

^/te/

TvD

to

^/t;'o//'

?//>

frt

rampart).
IHf. deliver

Syiripn
to

to

D
I/

oppose oneself
xhut.

into

power of)
//^///.
1

JPp

?'(?c^ (str. ?v/r/,
f

HID

to

^o a?n/y
inf.
r//v///-

n^D

y/c?//

,

ren/ fun-

ilDJ,
'///

p and
D*D1D, pi.
"11.

pi.

A>

DID Aorw.

thidrt,

Dp

;//f>///,

trcccil, <;;/v

i

230
to

HEBREW PRIMER.
prop support
',

D?, nif.

rnyp a
constr.

storm,

rnjjp,

impf.

it

can be counted.
arcd A0

pi.

toW
lair,

15D

to to

mourn.
hiding-place,
destroy.

covert
to
AiVfe.

sapphire

Hithpu.

Wd

oneself

cloud.

8

to,

50 /a?* as

to,

usque

ad.
to

As

a conj., wnfS
:

18

everlasting.

1^1,

ly

service

=

paus.
servants,

servitium
to
cr(?55,

H18 fa?z appointed)
ing, assembly.

meet-

joa55 over,
w^c?-

^

away.

"13$ (^03)

nny
TJ8

testimony, law
yfocJt.

ney that passes,
rent.

cur-

Dm?,
longer,

T3J?n made pass,

pi.
7/,

transferred,

7

into

any

the other side.

more
to

(after neg.)

7
n?V,

<?

say

a^am
to to

(a?r).

n^3V Hebrew
,

/^ ca/^c?

laV-

appealed

taskwork
.

n^y,

f.

sacrifice, burnt-offer'f,

wagon, chariot

ng

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
>iy

231
f.

hidden,

i.e.,

inde-

ptcp. pi.

of next

finite time; (2) eternity
7/tJ? child, boy, poet.

word
to

go up.

niSy,

inf.

*jiy-

W-

constr. rising (of dawn);
hif.

birds, coll.
TIJ?

)rh$$ and offered him; rrfan n if. i n f.
;

to

wake

f^i

impf.

nw
^rA,

a

name

of

strong (of a gale).
np>,
f.

God, Most High
Nif. to fo hidden

might, poet.

^V and

damsel
people.
"Dy,
crz)i/,

^

strong
"IT?

with,
to

amongst you
stand. Tfag!,impf.

/^ helped,

of prey,
%
,

coll.

f.

D*3

8

^/i

to
to

answer,
ie oppressed.
Ti.
to

jy

ITU
cny, ny, P l.

A/5

<%.

inf.

const r.

iniiJ?

oppress hint
lowliness

75
'

^TT^t/u-

^y
PV

/on

r o/*

232
dust
lead
tree,
5? 7

HEBREW PKIMER.

arrange.
also coll. trees.
logs, firewood
^

/azW (the fire(2) to

*W

wood)

;

compare

V

toil,

trouble,

pain

y counsel, plan
strong
bone.
to

rtoS
smoking
*lp$5, impf.

,

constr.

bind.

^5? verdure, grass
55?

crooked, perverse
jry he

made, did.
;

HbT,
a^

yj evening

iinpf.

byri'?^ Jo

TO
idllows

ft'w^.

TO3

nafed.

D^,

pi.

he-goat

,

corner

^

ransomed; 2)

c?^-

^S he treated,

made a

livered

compact, 5 icz'Jfi; (2) 7w 5/rw^. ^y|^-| lest
he strike us
Ji

S mouth.

*%,

constr.;

V3

A/5

corpse
to weft.

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
'

233
(2)

to

disperse.

Hif.

^3 comer

"?n, Dy;i,
T3
<;0/c? (str.

to scatter

3 a tunic of ends,
i.e.,

purified)

reaching to wrists

and ancles
/<LW, dread, poet.
to

fra??W*.

Hif.

to

/y3 make, do, poet.

frighten

?2

rjf

n'onder,
coll.

miro.cle,

(stroke,

blow).

and
to

separate (no qal).
25

wonderful
to

fe.

Nif.

^^. stream

fo disturbed
to

No qal.
hithpa.

Pi. to judge;
)

intercede

for,
0?z

to t'i5z,

revew, mus-

pray

to,

~7#;

"TC3

ter,

punish
bullock

behalf of

^9 a
deliver
(2)

In

pi.

TT3
concr.

Nif. nnfij /^ parted

escape

/ro??i

(him)

;

as escaped

3

heifer,

cow

fruit.
to fan?..
fi

V^

his fruit

3 spread,

increased.

inf.

*J3 the face, looks.

to
:

^ar young, etc.
[>i.

^57

before,*-.*
///';

>r:mi
-

and

break off

6f/br
t
:

77i^
%

= out of my
;,

J^r"

horseman.

:rrx

^

pi
""'"
/,/

''

^

spread

234

HEBREW PRIMER.
to strip oneself;

hif.

PlfiiD

he

opened.

another

;

(2)

to

attack

impf.
door,
gate.

rebellion, fault, tres-

pass

constr. pi.
*#

? a piece of bread S suddenly

interpreted,

ex-

plained

See
sheep, coll.

TV

hunting

/^d
V shadow.

constr.;

rectus
nf to be just.

nj&7lf shade, gloom ofdeath.
?

= n^TJf ^oow
to

;

cf.

other Masoretic duplications

straightness, straight-

forwardness,right dealing
righteousness; (2) a

reward
neck

V outgrowth, herbage
w/>,

sprouted

In pi. PIW
order
;

forth.
#6>

Hif. caused to

appoint,

shoot

D^ V, pi. c. sufF. T

up

Ae charged them

young

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
to

235
D'lV;

cry

out.

poet.
0S

7V

impf.
outcry, shrieking
store

distress, trouble
to

up

oppress,

v

^V,

impers.

/aw

troubled;

H39X north-

ward

troubled

oppressor, besieger yfoe

to

grasp,

collect.

Nif.

reflex.

sembled

np
I

congregation
to fo

Hip Nif.
grave
pi.

L 7 HJp waited, "7X,

gathered

;

L

;

thunders Sip u0zc0. rt/p
<0

rzse.

Dp, ptcp.,

assailant, foe. Dp*1
;

(2) yore,
4!

I

//

} lp

Only

in hif.

j^p

MKB
to

6e

holt/.

Pi.

/*

to

/far.

hallowed
holiness
;

(2)

/

]bp
///

/o

^

little

;

and

adj.

sanc'

236
ncense

HEBREW PRIMER.
cry,
call.

smoke

impf.

n//p

cursing, curse

he came nigh.

:pip*,

impf.;
(2)
Pi.

^Ipn,
brought

idem;
near,

A^

was zealous
acquired^
|p*],

offered

nip

7*0

got,
c.

bought.

impf.

offering
72^a?*

waw

conv.

Ami.
]*p

D^p,

du.;

end
id (loc.).

edge
harvest
to

attend(a7r).

IV'p

he listened, attended
/(? happen, meet. Inf. 1p constr. whence
,

f.

to

n*1p,

6mrf.

Impf.
,

f.

,

impf.

waw
hl,

Assyr.
riniu

-

conv.

3

f.

vision.

^Nh, paus.

pi.

;

(2) host,

band

or

ox.

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
ley inning
\

237

he raised;

pil.

adj.

great,

much,

efferre laudibus

many;

adv. enough

In
/

hif.

1JPVI
c.

multitude,
to

abundance
^ISH,

jn*l, impf. y^ conv.
to

waw

be numerous.

run.

tl a?ic? /^

3

pi.

ri a myriad, 10,000
PI

In
out,

hif.

pnn

to

pour

!H

to

multiply,

become

draw

(a sword)

great.

POT,

inipf.

breadth.

H3m

zte

T31

fourth
lie

breadth

]*rn to

down

pirn /ar

o/T,
1

distant.
ojf,

yf] In

pi.

In ptcp.
JIT! to T
C.

= spy
7

he slandered.

pirnp a/a?
5]lin

longe
7

In

pi.

to

frrtftfa

or

hover over
fr'tfao

on, subdue,

3
tf,

Dm
V

V

womb
washed
himself.

rebuke. Hif.

]*rn Ae

Y/, settfe, 5^^

to

^

/ar.
;

Hif.

to

!^
ri

to

pursue. ^Tp,impf.

remove far
o/, longe

pH^H

/<//

as a

pride, in8otence,poet. name of the sea,

quarrel, strife

and of Kirypt
H. rtiinhj, without c<tu*<-

nn
"*

/////'/.

>/'///>,

f.

or effect
chariot, usu. coll.
to r>V<>.

>

dance,

c

cn

to

6^

221^

%//.
u"1*1

hif.

ptcp.:

and

gtntdx, wealth

238
1

HEBREW PRIMER.
high, ptcp. of

nsn

id., f.

^T\

he cast, shot, poet.

In

hif.

in this sense

worm
to

to

do

evil.

jnj,impf.
think

crawl

(2) to be evil; (3)
evil

or
,

shouting
i.e.,

shouting for joy

ghosts

in the
c.

Underworld
Hif.

JH bad,

ugly.

JH,
f.

dist. acct;

Hijn,

pi.
Ze^

/a//

#/i^

wicked deed, wickedness,
f.

alone.

Juss.

hand, let 2 pers.

^H, imper. pi.

famine
$n shivering, trembling,
poet.
rotted
id.

rnjn

njn he grazed, fed
n$T) shepherd, ptcp.

?l leapt, frisked.
*1

expanse

P

i.

SI friend, comrade

wicked

rrfr
J^5^ fulness, satiety
to

field,

^^ satisfied

to fence,

hedge round

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
to
set,

239

put.

p,
3f.;

pf.l, Cfa>,3, he
to

Hb>,
put

to asjt.

2
ca-

pi.

ari?^, P f. hxy\
grave,

the

Under-

nities

world, Hades.

unto the grave

^
left

pil.
^>^

of unused
wze

hand
;

to

at rest
Hif.
let re-

pi.

to

to

be left over.
to leave,

TX>n
main;
survive

gladden.
joy, gladness

nif.

to

fo

/^/V,

See
to

hate
roc?,

sceptre

an enemy
*

V '\y divisions

= thought

^
s

captive, coll.

ar
Nif.
,

0/

cor?z,

f.

HT^
b

AazV, coll.
lip,

JDEO
to

to

edge, bank. r\>ty

^

constr.;

D^H^,du.rte

5^'en;
Gr. p. 67,

and

Rem.
;

2.

a sack
^>r^a^

&
%

pi.

intens.
in

chief, overseer, prince
r".
:

to

shiver,

break

.

pi.

pieces
to rest.

rat#!.

Hif.

imp
;

n ?^n
s

nhtke cease,
I'i1

**\y?n,

pers.

240
inf.

HEBREW PTMMEK.
constr. of
to

slay

(a

victim),

hence perhaps
Psa.
xxiii.
6,

=

*W^
my
2)

macto

dwelling (usu.

shibti,

with a thinned to

Pi. to destroy.

Hif.

destroy; 2) corrupt, e.g. one's life, dark6

only) scorched, blasted
to

DP1B>

onyx
//0

and
&<2C&,

return

;

verb Yty
to

Hif.

TBTl

to 5^^,

put, appoint.

make go
pil.

back, restore.

S31B*,

nefesh,

to

to lie

down.

refresh the spirits
B>

to

forget.

evil;

flying;

3) noto

to ^^

bereaved.

Pi.

thingness, nought
to

bereave
Inhif.

r0w;

(2) to

3 over
c.

D^Hjimpf.
to

waw

conv. D3^*5j

"PF>

pi-

f\V, pi.
to

,

including

both
paus.

bow down.
Pflnritfn
oneself,
to

Hitli-

shoulders.

D5^

7

pal.

trate

le

prosor

to?^,
to

C. suff.

a&zW^, dwell, settle

lifne*y, before.

(In this

f., c.

3

f.

form the third radical
is

suff.,

from

repeated

;

shalia

=

inhabitant
'

shahawa
impf.
c.

orig.)

Short

snow
soundness,
health,

waw,

(=

wayyishtahaw)

peace

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.
to

241

put forth

(e.g.,

PISE?

a waste, desolation.
"laptop'

hand), send.
go, dismiss

Pi.

let

So

]W

oil

rhy

table

a
third
Hif.

rapid,

transient

sound, whisper. (Arab.
to

YH
50/fe

throw,

shumaun, hurrying)
to hear, listen to, obey,
c.

cast.

"%

^

ace.,

and

le

or

'el

spoil

and sound.
(T) finish
;

report
to

Pi.

caus.

;

guard,

watch

;

(3)

pay, repay
to

(2) keep (e.g.,

a law).

Impf.
(e.g.,

sword)

sun,
three

f.

and

tooth.

D:

teeth

(stem shinn)
thither

&
paus.
.;

to

change.

Nif. re-

flex.

pi.

year.

PI.

and

rrna

Ae
sing.

heavens.

No

deep
',

samu

;

(Assyr. sing., sami and pi.,
f.

constr.

;

cnama)
to

^^

silenced,
*

as-

J?

second.

TV?!?,

f.

Also
tonished; 2) la
.

adv.

a second

til in'

<!'>stroyed.

Imp!'.

CIT and
17

242

HEBREW PRIME
du.

II.

0#

of

H,
e

bien-

impf.
j?P?5
;

c.

waw

conv.,

niurn

v.

n^
Impf.

In
upon,

nif.
c.

|50b, to lean
al;

to

(2) rely

upon
gate.
c?

^
D'-'W, njn
(servant). PI.

a sheqel (a certain standard weight)
i^^/i.
hif.

B# to

Impf.
to

In
to

t|^n

judge.

Impf. 0.

<?r#/i

(from a window,

etc.)

ptcp., a
to

judge
^JS&^,
reptiles, coll.

/?0wr 0w.

impf.
to

^^
to

brought low.
humble, bring

to

cr^^p, or

Hif.

root

down
and
to

HW
f.

520?

beauty
to
hif.,

drink.
to

two,

water;

short

planted

n
emptiness,

(empty)

space
l

f.

world, poet., never

roaring

deep.

PI.

c. art.

ntohn

HEBREW-ENGLISH GLOSSARY.

43

n?nP

praise

grasped, upheld, 3
likeness,

*rw See rvn
confession,

shape

thanks-

exchange
continually, always

giving
middle. ^1D, constr.
in our midst
;

perfect, complete
id.

rm, maggot, grub

abomination

finished, spent.

cv
traverse,

spy

out,

reconnoitre
instruction,
(/ /<

law

l

a palm-tree
See

/,

counsel, sageness

)

p)

r\r\r\

under, instead of
;)

sea-monster
to

vJJ? completion, end, extremity
\yp(
to poise,

wander, stray

e ^>^2(? (a

trumpet)

prove.

Pi.
^Tp

weigh
rrri
//

heavy sleep

H

?0as

astonished,
startled

a-

j^H

it

shall be unpeopled,

mazed,

inipf.

3

s.

f.;

see

ENGLISH-HEBREW
GLOSSARY.

ENGLISH-HEBREW GLOSSARY.

Abide,

to,

dwell,

against,

%,

^S?, c. sufF.
c. sufF.

able, to be,
c.

impf.
inf.

all,

73 (noun)

;

P3

A.

7,

and

almost,

WO?
1

abomination,

i"Q$J1fi

alone,

n? ?;

c.

suff.

H? ?

1

above (over),
according
to,

7$?

(in his isolation)
altar,

C.J)
I'
.

3

pref.
77:1?

H3Tp

int On, of,

alter, to, P]7PI, hif.

to be, 32TJ, nif.
act,

and,

}

Syb,
to,

n^Sy
S|pJ,

PC
C)Vj5;
CjiNt,

angry, to be,

and

add,

impf.

f)W

liithpa.

adva:

"1JV
to be,

another,

^HX
to,

x V; of/:^

%l

answer,
appal,

TO; H^,
pi.
.-i

nqy
!l.

to,

HJD,

T>

;

tn

do

.

to,

conu- into
nif.

p,

l.M

s

248
appearance, look,

HEBREW PRIMER.
as, like,

3 prefixed

arbitrate, to, IT?in, hif. of

as,

adv. "l^tt

riy
arise, to,

;

between, ^3
Dip

ask, to, httW', from, [9
asleep, J$), v. arid adj.
ass,
litoll,

ark,

ran
pi.

m.; JinK,
Dp,
to,

f.

arm, J?hT;

DWf,

and

assailant,

c. suff.

niyhj
army, TPI
around,

assemble,
atone, to,

*)ptfi
;

*13

for,

?y
nif.

Mp,adv.; HU^D,

avenge,
awful,

to,

Dpi; DH3,

c. suff.

7I3

B
Backward,
bad, in,
f.

become,

to, H^H, oft. c.

7

nyn

bed, n^)9
befal, to,
f

banish, to, Khi, pi.
barrier, bar,
battle,

*0p
c. suff.

H^S; D^n^S

before,

)^

n^n79

beget, to,

TT

bear, to,
to)

IT

(to give birth

beginning, JYK^n (always before a genit.)
behold, to, tD'W

bear (carry),

NKO
id.

(Mi)

bear (endure),
beauty,

bereaved, to be, 75^; bereave, to, pi.

^
[5?!,

because, conj., ^3

^3

betrothed, to be, *pn,

nif.

ENGLISH-HEBREW GLOSSARY.
between,
c. suff.

249

}^?,

bow, bow,
to, before,

beware!

nif.

impf.
c.

hith

bid, to, TON,
bier,

S

pal.

bowl,

HT^j:)

|hN

(coffin)
p.

billow,

^, Gr.

60

(i),

A
a

boy, T^, pi.
bracelet, T^p

bind, to, T$jJ
birds, the,
P)VJH,

brand
coll.;

(fire),

bird, Ti3X; ZTTBV

bread, DJ17, paus. DP17
break,
to,

birth (the act of bearing),

T3^;

and

pi.

intens.

bitter, TO,

f.

riTO

breaking,
breasts, D?T

bitumen, TOPI
bless, to, *]T3, pi.

breath,

HOB

breathe, to,
blind, TJV

breeze, HIT
brick, nj3^, pi.

blood,

DT

blow, to (a trumpet),
bride,

blow,

to

(of

the

wind),

brightness,

iTjI

bring forth (cause to go
-r,

f' (V

/,H, liithpa.

out),

N'yn,

hif.
1

NX;
f.

body, HM3

bring forth (bear) T ?),
'n'

bondman, TDK,
bonds,
bone. rr;
:

brook (gully)
brother,
l.ucket,

HN

vT

build, to, nj|

boundary,

TQ2

;

HVjT

(.

bulk

250
burn,
bury,

HEBREW PEIMEH.
to,
t)*l&?

business,
but,

a,

JJJ5J

to,

"HP

DN

"3

Call, to,

Nip
/;!; pi.
~:
i~

charge, to, see
chariot, rn3*]

command

camel,
JL

camp, ron v
/

chariots, coll.

^p^
pS^, after,

captivity, *3^,

T3^
tt!3

chase hotly,

to,

nn,
carry off
(spoil),

c . suff.

cast out, to,
pass., hof.

Y/^H,

m

child, T^;.; coll.

C|t?

'f->

choose, to, "IPO, from, Jp

cast

upon

(a

burden on

Christ, Pl^Kten
city,

God), y?$
cast cast

Ty,f.

down, 7^?^n
off,

clay,

ibn

^5

;

impf. Bto?
coll.

clean, TlPltp

cattle,

npH3,

cleanness, JVJ5J
cleave, to, SJ5?

cave,

ni^O
c.

cease, to, 71H,

? and

cloak,
inf.;

n^,

c. suff.

clothed, to be, cedar,
chains,
T*lNt

clothing,
coast,

D^j5T

change,
nif.

to,

;

into, 7;
,

cold, TJ5

pass.

;

hif.

come

!

HD?,

pi-

ENGLISH-HEBREW GLOSSARY.
come,
to,

X13, unto, ? or
to,
ffi?, pi.

courage,

command,

covenant,
cover, to,

command,
commence,
to,

HD3

/Pin, hif.

of

coverlet,

cow,

companion
complete,

f-

craftsman,
crave, to,

pi.

to, perfect,

complete, perfect,

crawl, to,
(lit.,

condemn,

to,

cross, to, 135?

make

guilty)

crown,

to,

consecrate, to,
cornfloor, pi, pi.

crown
cry,

corpse,
costly,
f.

cup, D13
"IjT,
f.

curse,

couch, fcny,
count, to,

n
curse, to,

p
;

cut

off,

be cut

off,

country,

P
D
Damsel, 1VJ (in Pent.)
9,

dawn,
day,

IjXJ;

Tltf

^ju'n

DV

dash,

to,

5|?!l,
( )

against,

3;

<laysp ring, see

dawn

impi'.

laughter,

dearth,

252

HEBREW PRIMER.

deceit,

HW
c.

dismiss, to,

Hp^,

pi.

of

H?

deceive, to, 253,

T?

(to

distress, rTTC

steal the heart of)

ditch,

nn^
to
(reflex.)

deed, 7$?b
deep, pby, deep, the,
delight,
f.

divide,
pijabjf DiPlfl,
f.

one's forces,

p/^J

(in

impf.)
divide, to, trans.,

Vp? p?^
5

deliver

from,

rescue,

to,

do, to,

nbw
evil)

Wl,hif. of Stt;
deliver up, Tllpn
;

do to another (good or
into

T3,

hand of
demand,
to,

do good, a^ri;
dog,

evil,

demon (demigod),
den, ^]D
depart, to,
deposit,
*flD

^
/V?

"If?

doing,

doom (judgment), pi
to,

Tpri; with

door, nS^T

anyone,
desert, *l?*]9

T?

;

pass. hof.

downwards, niS^/

draw
destroy, to,

nigh, to, BOJ,

2^p

HWH,
Tl#
H^^,

draw a sword, t)?^
dread,
to,

nif. pass.

nnn,

nif.

;

impf.

destruction,
devise, to,

HIT
dread,

2^H

H

devour,

to, JP!l

dressed, to be,
drink, to,

BW, B?T

dew,

^
nD, WJ

HH^

die, to,

dry, to be, #?J

disciple,

dumb, D^

ENGLISH-HEBREW GLOSSARY.
dust, *)Sy

253
3#i&; TOJ (of

dwelling,

a,

dwell, to, atf;

a star)

E
Each
...

other,

VHK

...

enemy, 1^, ptcp. of 1\X
enlighten, to,

see Gr. p. 50.
eagle,
ear,

^H

(hif.

of

1BO
f.

|Tfc,

envy,
f.

earth,

pK,

escape, to,
(2)

earthquake,
east, D*lj3

HOT

^

tD?Zp3,

nif.

of

(in impf., nif.

of Stt)
establish, to,
set,

D^,

D^

T

(to

east wind, DHj5
eat, to,

appoint)

^K
etc.),

evening,
H3,
everlasting,

edge (of sword,
constr. *3
eight,

every, 73
evil, adj.

mbP
*VO3
(also

and

n.,

JH,

f.

e
P

.

eldest, firstborn,

exalted, to be, DV1

eleven,

*\&V

%

r/

fi?ty

excellence,

*TT\to

execute, to
pty, to,

(fulfil),

pp3;

nil',

ii

exiled, to be,

"'".

|1D,

TV*tfJNt

expanse, S*j?
(of
iate, to,

time)
intrans. e?fi; impf.

133, for,
pii.

extol, to,

eon,
f.

of

en

TV,

254

HEBREW PRIMER.

Face, D*J3, constr.
fail, to,

^3

festival,
field,

H^V,

n?10, toH

")pn

rnb>

fair,

HfiJ, f. nfij

fight, to,

Dn?^; against, ?;
-DS7

with
faithful,
JJJKJ

faithfulness,

good

faith,

filled,

to be,

N ?^

1

;

to

fill,

pi.

find, to,
fall, to,

Nttb

finish, to,

D^BTl;

nb

fall fall

back, backslide,

^D

firmament, see expanse
first, jteteV,

down (in rrinwn
;

reverence),
see

nw,

(of month) nil
coll.

Heb. Eng. Gloss.
false,

fish, to,

^;

H^

yi

five,

ntrbn
1313, D'j?n

falsehood, 3T3

fix up, to,
flask,
fleet,
fleet,

famine, Sin

pl* (bowl)
*3

famous
farmer,

= man of name
HpTO

&X

see swift
lfc>3

fashion, to,
father,

*W

flesh,

SX

flood,

^30, m.

fatherless, D1HJ
fear, to,
feast,
HP!

flower,

ny v,

f 3,

K*V
;

fly (of birds),
f.

to hold a

^H

fly (escape),
foe,

rTHS

feeble (soft), "Sp
fence,

H !^
1

^1, ptcp., fold, nru

of !>*

ENGLISH-HEBREW GLOSSARY.
r
forty,

255

folly,
>

nb?K
^rij;

found,
fount,

to,

fool,

'H?
feet,

J^

foot,

Sri;

D^:n

four,

for (instead of), T\nf\
forget, to,

frame,
free,

to,

"IVJ

POP
? NEO;
for-

^$H
/r

forgive,

to,

free, to set,

H

given, to be (of a sin),

frog,

1??.^V

pu.
forgiveness,

from, ~f;

5

prefixed

to

HIT/D
Pl^ftJ;)
;

gutt.

form, shape,
forsake,

D7V

fruit,
fulfil,

n)
to (vow),

D

Gain,

to,

HJjJ

256
glow,
to,

HEBREW PRIMER.
great, to be, great, to
to,

gO, tO,

make, 713

go by,
go

12$

(of time)

great,

out, to,

go round,
goad,
goat,
TJ?,

X? MD;

greatly,

^j5H

greatness, 7*13
grieve, to, POX, nif.
;

hithpa.

God,
going, march,
gold,

grievous, to be,

ground,
IB,

ntt^

nnt;

poet.

grow
guard

up, to,
oneself, to,

pin
good, ato,
f.

nyi&
guerdon,
guide,
to,

gradually, see Gr. p. 151 (I)
grapes, bunch
grass,
of,

1J8, *3?y

Y-

grave,

guilt,

H
lla!
hail,

halt,

see

lame

hand, T,f.;

hair, a,

n^g

white hair,

constr.

handmaid,
hallow, to,
acquit)
(also, to

harm, to, TO^JI f^JJj; (the verb takes a suff.)

GLOSSARY.

1>57

harp,
harvest,

high, hind,

Dn

(ptcp., of DTI)

nW
trnp

hasten, to,

*n,

pi.

holy,

hate, to, Njb,

and

pi. ptcp.,

honour, *T1i3

foe

honoured,

to
to,

be,

hatred,

honour,

^3

have,

to,

v

fy.

(there

is

to

hope, hope,

njjpri

me);

Vx

to,

POn,

pi.

c.

ace.

that I have
he,

and 7
hope
(wait), 7PP, pi.
;

Sn^,

head,
hear, to,
heart,
heat,

impf. horn,

Hp;

du.

D?}^
(parrash)

^,
HH
adj.,
;

horseman, DH3

house, H^3; constr. JVJ
Nftft

how!
(pol-

heathen,

HJb,

nD, Pl, see Gr.

luted)

Dfy (nations)

P-

how, quomodo,
heavy, to be (burdensome,
severe),
:.

^

"TJJ3

howl,

to, to,

to,

PI50,

^

humble,

humility,
help, to, "TO
help,

hundred, ft$t?; constr.

H";
""^^ (fn.ni here)
.n,

hungry, to be, iyi; also
adj.

nyh
husbandman,
see
'.

~:~

fanner
liu>hed, to be,
18

I

258

IIEBKEW PRIMER.

I,

'}$,

'?$

innocent, 'pJ

ice,

instead

of,

nnfi;

Dfirip, c.

suff.

idol,

interpreter,
if,

|*

vtt, hif. ptcp.

-DN, '3

of

pS
3
N'lp

ill-will, PliO&>

into (of change), ?

in, into,

3

pref.
fcTV

invoke, to,
1

inherit, to,

iron,
it,

/T !^
f.;

innocence

x^n, nxi,

wn, m.

joy,

judgment,
just, to be, |TTV, impf.
to,

judge,

A

judge,

justice,

K
Keep,
kid,
to,
pi.

kindness,
constr.

n|,

king,

^?9
du.
nif.

'HI
kill, to,

kingdom,

rn

knee,

^3,
to,

kind,

TpH

know,

JH); pass.,

ENGLISH-HEBREW GLOSSARY.

259

Lack,
lack,

to,

T>P!,

life,

D'*n

;

^SJ,

pi.

Jhpn
"Ipil
;

lifted up,
1.

to be,

Dn

(of

lacking,

honesty,

pride)
light,

11K

-

lad,
lair,

likeness (look, aspect), "l^h,

^D

lame,

HpS
/IN

line (measure),
lion,
lip,

lamentation,

ns, nriN
nSb>; du.
t2!p|jp, cstr.

lamp,

*)J

land, ptf, pi

language,
last,

little,

see

end

live, to,

laugh, to,
lay hold
lead, to,
of, to,

living,

3

lofty,

D

^IPI
;

^n

(hof.

long, to,

H^,

hithpa.

c. inf.

pass.)

impf. hif.

and ?
look
at,

to,

tO^H;

leaf,
.

n
thin,
|TT, pi.

on,
lord,
;

3
;

JH
7^-1,

my

lord

>
!

upon,
r

to,

/S
lot,

p^H

(portion)

joy,

love, to,

nn, r?n
*3\ Isa. xxxiii.

leave, to,
loreliness,

17 17.

He

(I'AVII. to,

1<MV,

~^-'

260
lower,

HEBREW PRIMER.
to,

bring low,
*J?HJ?,
f.

TSK7
rVfiPl

lowliness,
lust,

PM

lower, adj.,

M
Maiden, rPIH? virgo;
puella

modesty

= humility
in a,
;

moistened, to be,

maidenhood, Dv^fi?

moment,
money,
month,

make,

to,

Plbty;

(appoint),

t|D3

(a bribe),

maker,

Pl

moon, ITV
man, D-JN;
a,

more
mankind, D^^H

than,

many, 31, D'2H
meet,
to,
J?3S,
c.

morning
3
(

hit

mother,

DJSt

upon)
midst, ^pJ?

mould,

to,

mountain,

might,

TJ?

mourn,

to,

mighty,
milk,

mouth, H3

J?n

much, Uh (multitude)
myriad,

moan

N
Name, D^
name,
to,

nation,

N^,

t&K, S

near,

;

prep.

ENGLISH-HEBREW GLOSSARY.
near, draw, to, Tl[2
nose,
nostril,
t]Nt

261

neck, "l^V, and pi.

neighbour, see near

not,

N7
(gen.

(gen.

non);
see

7K
Gr.

new,
next, adv.,
night,
noise,

ne);

p. 163.

HT7
pEH

not

(is,

are not),

"J'K,

c.

sufF.

no longer, "TO

nothingness,
. .

v>3Pl,

}?X

.

no man, 73
ptcp.

.

.

.

N/

now
;

p*c.

now (hortatory enclitic),

NJ

Oak
oath,

of weeping,

once,

nnN

Oi?3 (one time)

HV^
to,

one, 1PIK
only, adv. restrict,

occupy,
ti

&~\1

pi

Hence,

open,

to,

np3;

pass., nif.

uilcnd, to,

open, to (intr.),

HH3

;

(the

mouth),
-

H3
c.

oppression,
!p!

^V
?

old age, C
<>ld

order, to, PlW,

time,

order, set in, arrange,

^V
/;

on (of time), 3 on (upon), 7?;
c. sull'.

ornament, 0^75, v3(rr/c6y?;)^1
urselves,sccGr.
I'UO.N'

^uir.

1'ron.

out

of, "[p

262
outstretched,

HEBREW

PRIMER.

ox
;

overturn,
isiy.

to,

impf.

oxen,

*1p3,

coll.

Pain,

plague,
(of hand), 6)3
plant, to,

palm

pant, to, PPSPI, S|M

planted,
pleasant, D^JI (amaenus)

pass over,

to, cross,

passenger, 1
path,

^
to

pleasantness,
*S

plenty,

patient, Ijy

plow,

to,
a,

pay, to (a vow),
peace,

plow,

make,

plunder,
poor,

with,
peace,

-nx

lta& ^y, D^3

portioned out, to be,
pour,
to,

^[5^

people,
perfect,

poverty, B^H
praise, to, praise,

perish, to,

perverse,
pillar,

pray! NJ (encl.)
prayer,
pPI; impf. |h;

np^n
H'lpS)

pity, to,

precept,

place,

precious, Ip)

ENGLISH-HEBREW GLOSSARY.
prepare,
to,

263

}OH
(keep alive),

prowess,
pull

preserve, to

down,
to,

to, JTti

punish,
prevail over,
pride,
to,

*lp3

vbj, c.

?

pure, 1?

HIM
ib, TT3
(str.

pure, to be,

^J5T;

hif.

to

prince,

Xa-

make

pure, !"OT

zirite)

purify, to, ppl (to strain);

profane,

tjJ

pu. pass.

profane, to,

Tp

purity, JVJ3J

prolong,

to,

purple,

n??in
to,

prophecy,
prophet,

pursue,

tfn

;

after, **]HI

N'^

put, to, jnj,

n^
n^P

proverb,

put down,

Q
Queen, n2
quicken, to (make alive),

R
Uairi, Tto

ratify, to,

D'pH;

hif.

of

rain, to, 11?!:-'
.

reach, to,
hif.

^ y^H
see

to,

r*in,
hif.

of

recompense,
return
]

c

%

pn,
.

of
,

^v

to be,

tn>v

S

264
redeem,
reed,
rein,
to,

HEBREW PRIMER.
7N2
right, the,
rise, to,

|W

(hand)

Wp
;

river,
to,

Ttt

pi.

D^Ptt and

remember,

roar, to, roar,

renown, D5?
repay,
to,

robe,
pi

reproach, to,

rock, to, tDto, nif.
rod,
roll

reproach,

= repay requite
resemble,
rest, to,
to,

H^5
away,
hif.
to, 7^ri (in
'

impf.)

HD1,

nif.

of

|P^,

H^D, J"Qfc?

root,
rot, to,

return,

7^
Slfc?,

return, to,
revolution,
riches,

hif. trans.

ruin,
rule, to,

run

Sacrifice,
salt,

say, to,
scare, to,

PP^

salvation,
sanctify, to,
satisfied, to be,

scatter, to,

T

(pi.),

sceptre,
scribe,
sea,
D), "DJ

save, to, s^enn

ENGLISH-HEBREW GLOSSARY.
seat,

265

IV
rVlJiy

shiver, to,

second, ^J^,
see, to,

shoot forth,
shoulder,

to,

PTtt

HX"1

seed, JHT

shouting,

seek, to, t^p?
seize, to,
sell, to,

show

= make

see, hif.

THN, TPIN'

shriek, to,

H?

shrine,

send,

to,

shut, to,
sickness,

serve, to,
set, to,

vH
nrOX
(look)

D'B>

sighing,

set, fix, to,

rW

sight, sign,

nTQ

set up, to,
settle, to,

TB
see

silver,

seven,

seventy,

Gr.

sin, to, sin, a,

KIDPI,

pp. 66, 67

shadow, 7^
shaking,

sincerity,

sing, to,

shame, Hu
rp,
1,

sinner
sister,

"TH
to,

rtHN, Gr.

p.

65

*5|?^

slander, to,
slave,

sheep,

|N'^

shepherd,

HJp

slay, to,
si.

cj),

sliin\ to,
hip,
r,':s

y3\

hif.

>i.-rp, to,

jt

nnall,

}fa|5,

rr

266
smile, see laugh

HEBREW PRIMER.
statute, ph,
steal, to,

D*pn
(also qal)

smite, to,

nSPI (rOj)

^
T

smoke,

JBty

steer,
still,

*!

smoothness, p7H

yet,

snow,
softly,

b$
&N ?
1

stone, J5
stop, to, intr.,

H5

son, J3

storm,

"1JJD

song,
sore,
J

straightness, p*T^,

strange

= wonderful

sorrow
soul,

stranger, ^3

stream, J?3
/ip
Jtffi,

sound,
south,

street,

p^,

^H

^3

strength, pTH, ty

sow,

to,

jni
"l^tt

strengthen,
strife,

to,

pTH

speak, to,
spirit,

in

PlVl

strike, HD3, hif.

spoil,

77$
pnx,
pi.

stripes,

H35,
pTPT,

coll.

sport, to,

strong,

CTO

spotted, npj

suckle, to, pi\ hif.
PltpJ,

spread out,
spring,
staff,
a,

to,

substance (wealth),
sulphur,
sun,

{J?

H^T5

Sp

^^
D^^H
to,

stand, to,
star,

supplications,

swallow,

ENGLISH-HEBREW GLOSSARY.
1

L>67

swear,
sweat,

to,

swift,

7p
to,

swim,
sword,

nnb>

sweet, to be,

Take,

to,

HpS;
to,

(a city)

n?S

thanksgiving,
that,

m
pi.

take down,

Till"!, hif.

Mn,
f.

f.

KTi;

n

of
tall,

TV;

pass. hof.

nan

nhj
to,

thigh,

^;

constr.

^

f.

teach,

TH,

hif.

of

thin, p"!

thing, tear away, to, 7T3; from, JO
this,

W
f.

PIT,

HN T;
%

pi.

H^X

tear in pieces, to,
tell,

Vp?

thorn,

j*1p

to,

"OT; (good news)
thou,

ir?
tempt,
to,

nn,
ND3
to,

f.

m

thousand,
PIDJ;

JH?

(to

t)75St

test); nif. pass.
f<

throne,

mpt.'ition,

HDO

throw,

f^J?
to,
*1|TT

~L"V
i'.T,

thrust through,

^
vies,

thunder,

to,

D^Tl

t'.-ii'i

D'Orn

till,

to,

15V

'

"^^
nnp3,

time,

ny

terror,

ni^3

poet.

together, IfT
toil,
% s r, Soy

thank,

to, ^1171, hit',

of

HY

268
token,

HEBREW PRIMER.
trust in,
J1&/7
to,

pKH,
to,

c.

3;

tongue,

riDH (take refuge with)

tooth, fg>; teeth,
totter,
to,

&W
nif.

turn (round)
Pljfi?;

intr.

Pl!JS,

JSFn

and

she

fcl&J,

of

turned
turn
into, to,

Bto
^S^,
c.

7

treasure,
tree, j*g

;

pi.

turn backward,
two,

to, HID, nif.

D^';

constr.

^;

f.

trouble,

rn

u
Under,
understanding,
upper,
adj.

n^
S

upright, *)^

Underworld,

the,

uproot,

to,

^1^,

pi.

upon

Valley,
vanity,

?3,

vme, ip
(a breath),

7^H

X

1

)

vineyard,
vision,
visit, to,

veil, f)^V

very, H^tt (after adj.)
vessel,
village,

v5
1X0?
pl-

voice,

^T

vow, vow,
to,

.

ni-

ENGLISH-HEBREW GLOSSARY.

269

W
Wages,
wail, to,

weeping,

^5

TTPI

well,

a,

wait, to, 7fT; HJp, for,

wheel,

walk,

^Tt
to,

where?
TOfl,

wander,

white,

wanderer, JH
war,

white hair,

Hl^
that,
,

who, which,
c.

see

Gr. p. 45, note (3)

wary, to be.

beware of
waste, to lay, D^H,
hif.

who ?
of

*?

;

what,

HD

whole

= sound,

why?
watch,
to,

over
(observe)

wicked,
wickedness,

watch,

to,

water, D'

widow,
wife,

water,

to,

H^X,

constr.

wave, 75

wilderness, Hl*iy,
will, to (desire),

way,

^.
"!"
::.

'"I
%

;^

will,

|'sn

willows,

D^y
pi.

weary, ?

j;

wind, nn,
.-,

wear
weep,
to,

wine,
wise,

j)!

270
Avitli (instr.),

HEBREW PRIMER.
3; (accomp.)

word,
work,

*n
a, Jl

a?
wither, to,
wolf, iN?

POfc&fc,

/3?

work,
world,

to,

(late

use

woman,

see wife
JtD2l

womb,

wrath,

t|

wonderful,

write, to,

O, impf.

Year, !t
yoke,

pi.

D^- and

young,
youth,

THK

MERCHANT TAYLORS'

HEBREW GRAMMAR
BY THE

REV. C. J.
Second
Clattical

BALL,

M.A.,
Taylor,'
School.

Matter in Merchant

OPINIONS OF THE PRESS.

The Academy, March 9, 1878. most useful Hebrew Grammar for beginners. It states principles in a simple and straightforward manner, and is generally accurate. It is also the first Grammar of English origin in which the languages closely allied to Mr. BALL'S comparative Hebrew are used for the purpose of comparison
"This
is

by

far the

philology, however,
solid

is

only incidental

;

his

and accurate.

The book

deserves to

knowledge of the facts of the language is become popular in schools and colleges."
16, 1878.
is

The Athenaeum, December

"MR. BALL'S 'Merchant arranged, but we object to

Taylors'

Grammar'

certainly accurate

and

well-

the introduction of comparative matter in a work

intended for the use of beginners."

The Church Quarterly, January,

1878.

work constructed on philosophical principles, and not unworthy of the ancient and famous school from which it comes."

"A

Mulue

tcrricoli.

UngtM, oalectlbtu un*.

LONDON:
SAMUEL BAOSTER AND
15,

SONS,

PATKBN08TBR BOW.

',

A

CARD OF

HEBREW

NOUNS AND VERBS
DRAWN UP
BY THE

REV. C.

J.

BALL,

M.A.,

Second Classical Master in Merchant Taylors' School.

Multee terricolis linguae, coelestibus una.

LONDON
15,

:

SAMUEL BAGSTER AND
PATERNOSTER ROW.
3s. 6cl.

SONS,

Small Quarto, Cloth,

University of Toronto

Library
CV2

CD lO 10

DO NOT REMOVE
THE

CARD
3

FROM
<D

O

,&
<D

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