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Flow Section Channels - Geometric Relationships


Geometric relationships like area, wetted perimeter and hydraulic diameter
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Area, wetted perimeter and hydraulic diameter for some common geometric sections like
rectangular channels
trapezoidal channels
triangular channels
circular channels

Rectangular Channel
Flow Area
Flow area of a rectangular channel can be expressed as
A = b h (1)
where
A = flow area (m 2, in2)
b = width of channel (m, in)
h = height of flow (m, in)
Wetted Perimeter
Wetted perimeter of a rectangular channel can be expressed as
P = b + 2 h (1b)
where
P = wetted perimeter (m, in)
Hydraulic Radius
Hydraulic radius of a rectangular channel can be expressed as
Rh = b h / (b + 2 h) (1c)

where
Rh = hydraulic radius (m, in)
Hydraulic diameter

Trapezoidal Channel
Flow Area
Flow area of a trapezoidal channel can be expressed as
A = h (b + T) / 2 (2)
Wetted Perimeter
Wetted perimeter of a trapezoidal channel can be expressed as
P = b + 2 (((T - b) / 2)2 + h2)1/2 (2b)
Hydraulic Radius
Hydraulic radius of a trapezoidal channel can be expressed as
Rh = (h (b + T) / 2) /(b + 2 (((T - b) / 2)2 + h2)1/2) (2c)
Hydraulic diameter

Triangular Channel
Flow Area
Flow area of a triangular channel can be expressed as
A = z h2 (3)
where
z = see figure above (m, in)
Wetted Perimeter
Wetted perimeter of a triangular channel can be expressed as
P = 2 h (1 + z2)1/2 (3b)
Hydraulic Radius
Hydraulic radius of a triangular channel can be expressed as
Rh = z h / 2 (1 + z2)1/2 (3c)
Hydraulic diameter

Circular Channel
Flow Area
Flow area of a circular channel can be expressed as
A = D2/4 ( - sin(2 )/2) (4)
where
D = diameter of channel
= cos-1(1 - h/r)
Wetted Perimeter
Wetted perimeter of a circular channel can be expressed as
P = D (4b)
Hydraulic Radius
Hydraulic radius of a circular channel can be expressed as
Rh = D/4 [1 - sin(2 ) / (2 )] (4c)
Hydraulic diameter
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Related Topics
Fluid Mechanics - The study of fluids - liquids and gases. Involves various properties of the fluid, such as velocity, pressure, density and

temperature, as functions of space and time.

Related Documents
Hydraulic Diameter of Rectangular Ducts - Rectangular ducts and hydraulic diameter
Manning's Formula for Gravity Flow - Manning's equation for calculating gravity flow in open channels
Hydraulic Diameter - Hydraulic diameter of ducts and tubes
Chezy Formula - Conduits flow and mean velocity

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en: flow section channels gemetric rectangular circular area

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