Hanok is the name for a Traditional Korean House that is used to distinguish them

from Western-style house. Korean architecture into account the location of the
house from the surrounding environment, especially considering the
circumstances of geography and season. Interior structure is also designed

In southern Korea. Hanok broadly divided into two types: giwajip (thatched roof house) who inhabited the upper class (yangban) and chogajip (thatched houses) that inhabited among farmers. Hanok also often has a chimney and the gate (munganchae). and rivers are in front of the house. and siding. In contrast. near the entrance. and was in the front. sarangchae. Hanok forms also vary by region in Korea. and paper. Hanok built facing east or south in order to get enough sunlight. the common people lived in thatched houses that easily obtainable ingredients. The floor is made of hardened soil or rock.based on the location of the house. Building (room) dwelling men and women are separated in accordance with the thoughts of Confucius. eating. Giwajip constructed using tiles (Giwa) so that the cost of construction of houses to be expensive and not affordable by the common people. Principle called Baesanimsu (hangul: 배산임 수) literally set the ideal home to be built back to the mountains. Wall charger frame house built of brick made from a mixture of soil and grass. Hanok is equipped with ondol to warm the floor of the house during winter. and Sadang. stone. including eating and sleeping. and sleeping on the floor constantly warmed by ondol. and warehouse building called (gwangchae). Daechong an open room with wooden floors that was built to keep the house cool in summer. Wide veranda connecting room with one other room called Daecheong (대 청). . Page in the middle of building a house called (Madang). tiles. while Hanok thatched buildings have become scarce. Based on the striking difference in the roof. Hanok thatched roof is still used as a residence. In addition. and located on the inside away from the entrance. “Anchae” is the main building as well as sleeping space for women small children. Cheoma length determines the amount of sunlight coming into the Hanok. compiled Hanok building resembles a closed square (or alphabet hangul: ㅁ) as windbreaks to keep the house warm. Korean people sitting. Room for the ancestral altar is called (Sadang). Poles and frame are made of wood Hanok. Haengrangchae is building for servants’ quarters. Hanok built lengthwise to resemble the letter I breeze in and out easily. straw. In Korea the center. Korean traditional paper (hanji) installed in window frames. door frames. Sarangchae is building for a man or head of the family. the rooms arranged to form the letter L (or alphabet hangul: ㄱ). Eaves that curved up called cheoma. Hanok buildings consisting of (room) called haengrangchae. Korean traditional houses built of natural materials such as wood. soil. In Korea the cold north. anchae.

Rumah tradisional Korea dibangun dari bahan-bahan alami seperti kayu. Di Korea Utara yang dingin. Giwajip dibangun menggunakan ubin (Giwa) sehingga biaya pembangunan rumah menjadi mahal dan tidak terjangkau oleh masyarakat umum. Bangunan Hanok terdiri dari (ruang) disebut haengrangchae. Sebaliknya. Sarangchae. dan tidur di lantai terus hangat oleh ondol. Hanok luas dibagi menjadi dua jenis: Giwajip (rumah atap jerami) yang dihuni kelas atas (yangban) dan chogajip (jerami rumah) yang dihuni kalangan petani. kusen pintu. Lebar beranda menghubungkan kamar dengan satu kamar lain yang disebut Daecheong (대청). Dinding bingkai charger rumah yang dibangun dari batu bata yang terbuat dari campuran tanah dan rumput. Kertas tradisional Korea (hanji) dipasang di bingkai jendela. Hanok dibangun memanjang menyerupai huruf I angin masuk dan keluar dengan mudah. Bentuk hanok juga berbeda di setiap wilayah di Korea. Orang Korea duduk. disusun bangunan Hanok menyerupai tertutup persegi (atau alfabet hangul: ㅁ) sebagai penahan angin untuk menjaga rumah hangat. jerami. Panjang Cheoma menentukan jumlah sinar matahari yang masuk ke Hanok. Prinsip yang disebut Baesanimsu (hangul: 배산임수) secara harfiah mengatur rumah yang ideal untuk dibangun kembali ke pegunungan. kamar ditata membentuk huruf L (atau hangul abjad: ㄱ). batu. Atap yang melengkung disebut cheoma. Hanok dibangun menghadap ke timur atau selatan untuk mendapatkan sinar matahari yang cukup. dan Sadang. tanah. Hanok dilengkapi dengan ondol untuk menghangatkan lantai rumah selama musim dingin. Berdasarkan perbedaan mencolok di atap. Haengrangchae membangun untuk kuartal . terutama mengingat keadaan geografi dan musim. Bangunan (ruangan) tinggal pria dan wanita dipisahkan sesuai dengan pemikiran Konfusius. Arsitektur Korea memperhitungkan lokasi rumah dari lingkungan sekitar. dan memihak. Struktur interior juga dirancang berdasarkan lokasi rumah. Atap hanok jerami masih digunakan sebagai tempat tinggal. Daechong ruang terbuka dengan lantai kayu yang dibangun untuk menjaga rumah sejuk di musim panas. dan kertas. Di Korea tengah. Di Korea Selatan. ubin. dan sungai berada di depan rumah. makan. anchae. sedangkan Hanok jerami bangunan telah menjadi langka. Lantai terbuat dari tanah atau batuan mengeras.Hanok adalah nama untuk rumah tradisional Korea yang digunakan untuk membedakan mereka dari rumah gaya Barat. orang-orang biasa tinggal di rumah-rumah jerami yang bahan mudah didapat. Polandia dan frame terbuat dari kayu Hanok.

The floor was covered with laminated paper. writing brush holder. Anchae) Korean Men´s and women´s quarters The Sarangbang was the study and drawing room of the husband. Halaman di tengah membangun sebuah rumah yang disebut (Madang). dekat pintu masuk. a folding screen. letter rack. ink-stone and ink-sticks. and the ceiling was covered with colored paper. the wall was papered white. Sarangchae membangun untuk pria atau kepala keluarga. Selain itu. dan di depan. "Anchae" adalah bangunan utama serta ruang tidur bagi perempuan anak-anak kecil.pelayan. A mattress. long pillows. Hanok juga sering memiliki cerobong asap dan pintu gerbang (munganchae). hat case and smoking set were usually found in a sarangbang. termasuk makan dan tidur. outwardly it appeared to have no passage to it. Sarang Chae. stationery chest of drawers. Babababa Sarangbang (Sarang-bang. reading-writing table. Kamar untuk altar leluhur disebut (Sadang). It is a general principle that each building h . Although it was connected to the housewife's room in the rear. paper holder. dan terletak di dalam jauh dari pintu masuk. table for stationery items. dan gudang bangunan yang disebut (gwangchae). seat cushions with a back. various other cushions. wardrobe chest. The traditional Korean house is a complex made up of yards and buildings.

book chest. and ink-stone set table. anchae was close to the kitchen and the hu room was across from the anchae with wood-floored hall between them. pain calligraphy. sincerity. The wood furniture pieces in sara had simple lines. and the Men's Bui (Sarang-chae) or the Servants' Building (Haengrang-chae) is at its front. Two of these shelves are freque used together. the house has the organization of 'inner building + barn' which is regarded as minimal size. These we structures of small rooms and low ceilings. necessitated by a heating system (ondol) that warmed only the floor. the house usually has the definite boundary. which is dee complement of the relatively open buildings. However. The shelves used hold books. It was in sarang chae that the master of the house received guests and condu conversation on politics. and simplicity. The barn and the outhouse are at the sides of the Inner Yard. and various disciplines of learning. two-shelf book chest. Tak-jae were considered the most important piece of furniture in the men's qu This furniture comes with a flat top and a lot of open space. and stable structure. National Museum Seoul) The Korean wood furniture in the Sarang-Bang The Korean wood furniture is essentially the product of Korea's floor-living culture as contrasted with chair-living cultur and China. composed poems. Accordingly. and meditated in this quarter. Picture books. The Inner Yard (An-madang) is generally at the center of the house complex.corresponding yard. and the Inner Buildin chae) is at the back of the Inner Yard. stone. The backyard is often used as the most private outdoor space. and purpose were dictated by those of the Korean gentry's homes. He read. dimension. the f and other artifacts of the sarang chae were designed to enhance this sense of tranquility. In the traditional gentry's home of the past. The space between the shelf even allows to displa items. arts. If the house size gets smaller than that. In case of the small house. and the purpose of Korean wood furniture was the separated quarters for female members of the family. In this way. This furniture is quite masculine in both usage and the implied of its strong characteristics. document chest. first the Servants' Building a the Men's Building is omitted. In less formal commoner's house. or by building made of brushwood. the Men's Room (Sarang-bang) of the Men's Building is often sustained by bein at the barn. The house is demarcated by placing the outer walls of buildings at the boundary of the lot. or mud and the like. The other i factor influencing the proportion. flower vases. Royal paulownia and pine were used most often for the furn in the master's quarter. Anchae . photo albums and chinaware can be beautifully presente (Book Shelf (Tak-Jae) with drawingtools and pencils. Korean furniture's proportion. stability. the master's quarter was built close the main gate. was deep inside garden. pleasing proportions. and the housewife's qu called anchae . and incense bottles. This strict Confucian separation resulted in subtle differences in the furnishing of the tw Wood furniture pieces in sarang chae may include such stationery related items as low writing table. The fu pieces meant for the center of a room were made easy to relocate in order to ensure a maximum use of limited room s Korean furniture with low height was made to harmonize with walls and other furniture pieces of the room.

glass-decorated chest. National Museum Seoul) Since Korea has four distinct seasons. Wood materials with beau grains like zelkova and persimmon were extensively used for furnitu anchae to produce nature-like atmosphere. long harmonious life. furnishing for the women's quarter were war brightly colored. and essentially feminine.shelf clothing chests (Cheung-Jang). sewing basket. and brazier. they could build their world within the home. Anhae with end table. full-length mirror. com box. separable clothing chests. and wardrobes were necessary to keep many clothes for different seasons with big in their temperatures. Chests plated with colour designed-ox horn. Anchae was a comfortable place for rearing of children and conductin family life. and boxes were also placed in the room. mirrorbox and painted screen. .While Korean women of the Joseon period (1392-1910) were strictly restricted even in going out and placed under stri rules and moral precepts guiding their behavior. Furniture pieces usually found in anchae included seatedmirror. Accordingly.Headside chest. and Chinese characters meaning fertility. ch Korean women's cotton-lined socks. a mother-of-pearl in-laid wardrobes were placed in the women's quart Symbols of Longevity. cases. two-or three.