thames discovery programme

Strand on the Green FHL12
The zone is approximately 510m long and 55m wide. The access to the site area is very good as there are numerous sets of stairs leading directly from the riverside path to the foreshore surface. Most are in reasonable condition but some are poorly maintained and may be hazardous to use. The zone extends from Kew Bridge to just beyond the Railway Bridge and includes Oliver’s Ait. The ground conditions on the site are very firm and generally the site is very safe.

archaeological and historical background
prehistoric Evidence for prehistoric activity dating to the Neolithic / Bronze Age has been found to the west of the site near Brentford, in excavations on waterfront sites and in the form of riverine artefacts. Over a hundred human skulls were reportedly found in the Thames opposite Strand-on-the-Green th during the 19 century, and an Iron Age bowl has also been recovered from the river. roman The site was located just to the south of the road from Roman Londinium to Silchester (Calleva Atrebatum), which passed through a small settlement, probably a a mutatio or posting station, at Brentford. At the time the road was probably the principal route from London to the west, and was the precursor of the medieval and post-medieval routes, which survive today as the A315 and parts of the Roman road were found during excavations in Brentford. There is no evidence for activity of this period in the immediate vicinity of the Strand on the Green foreshore zone. medieval There is evidence for both Saxon and medieval activity in the Brentford area, with a significant settlement around Brentford Bridge by the later medieval period. From 1306 Brentford had its own weekly market. However, areas to the east and closer to the Thames may not have been intensively occupied and archaeological investigations at Kew Bridge House have revealed deep alluvial deposits dated to the 15th century. The place name ‘Strande’, for the settlement along the shore, is first recorded in 1353. post medieval The medieval village economy was probably centred around fishing, however during the 17th century, the construction of high status housing on the opposite bank at Kew and the growing importance of the ferry crossing point meant increasing development at Strand on the Green. Local legend also relates that Oliver’s Ait is so named because Oliver Cromwell used the island as a hide-out and held military councils at the Bull's Head during the English Civil War. Malthouses were established by c 1700 and a number of public houses were constructed along the river’s edge: the Ship and the Bull's Head had both been licensed by 1722, the Bell and Crown and the Indian Queen by 1751, and the City Barge by 1786. Until 1759, the only way to cross the Thames at this point was two ferries owned by Robert Tunstall; the foot ferry for pedestrians ran just west of the present Kew Bridge (the second ferry point lay further west again). However, with the royal palace at Kew increasing the importance and popularity of the area and with greater volumes of traffic, the pressure grew for a bridge to link the main road west from London to Oxford and Gloucester with Richmond and Kew on the south bank. Construction for the toll bridge began in 1758; it was located about 40m upstream of the present bridge and was built of wood. The first bridge was superseded by one constructed of stone (along the line of the present bridge) in 1789; this Georgian structure was in turn reconstructed in 1903. The railway bridge was built in 1869. The construction of Kew Bridge encouraged the development of both higher status housing and some industry (such as barge repair yards and the Pier House Laundry) in Strand on the Green. Oliver's Ait also had buildings, put up after 1777 by the City of London's Navigation Committee. The first City barge, bought in 1775, and its successor were often stationed there for the collection th of tolls. The area began a slow decline in the 19 century when the Grand Junction Canal diverted freight traffic to Brentford, and the royal family moved from Kew to Windsor. Strand-on-the-Green was described in 1932 as "London's last remaining village". Scenes from the Beatles' 1965 film Help! were shot in the City Barge pub and in the local area.

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Access Watercraft Watercraft Furniture Furniture Structure (unclassified) Watercraft Standing building Standing building Mooring feature Standing building Standing building Flood defence Access Access Access Access Gridiron Wharf Access Access Flood defence Access Drain Access Access Access Access Bridge Bridge Furniture

Stair. Concrete and timber construction. Possibly of 2 Phases Rudder. Metal and Timber construction. Modern Keel. Wood with metal false keel. With vessel plank fragments. Sign. Stone. Boundary marker 1868. Winch. Iron early 20th C. Timber. Piled store of used timbers not nautical Frame. Timber Foundation. Brick and concrete for boatyard Foundation. Concrete Block. Concrete Foundation. Concrete and Brick Foundation. Brick Concrete. Stair. Modern timber and steel Stairs in front of Ship Cottage Stair of stone, brick and concrete (several phases of construction). Downstream of Ship Cottage. In front of 53a. Stair in front of City Barge PH. Concrete. Poor condition, overgrown with foliage. Stair of brick and stone with metal railings outside the Bull's Head PH Concrete with mooring posts. Possible landing stage or wharf (for 19C malthouse?) Stair of Yorkstone, outside No 1 Strand on the Green. Stair. Stone and brickwork. Remains of Stair in front Zoffany House. Remains of ?Tudor or ?Dutch brickwork. Stair. Stone Stair outside the Bell and Crown PH. Outfall. Stair. Concrete Stairs set in river wall. Poor condition. Stair. Concrete Stairs set in river wall. Poor condition. Causeway. Remains of Causeway- concrete. Stair. Stone Stair. Kew Bridge Kew Railway Bridge Railing outside the Bull's Head PH

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