20 views

Uploaded by Ray Ann Ramon

Brief Discussion of inductors and capacitors

- Boonton Manual 190A
- EL0405
- NUS sample
- Electrical Circuits
- 33_IIp
- emc.pdf
- Ferro Resonance
- L9
- Design of High Frequency
- SetA Basic Electrical
- Good Electricity and Water Analogy
- 2525
- 12
- Phy 1 (1)
- Elect.fundamentals 1
- 05204134
- Capacitors - Electronics Questions and Answers Page 13
- Engineering science
- class 12 numericals phy.pdf
- CBSE Question Paper 2009 for Class 12

You are on page 1of 35

Passive Elements

Capacitors

Capacitor

Is consists of two conducting plates separated by an

insulator (dielectric).

of a capacitor to the voltage difference between the two

plates and measured in Farads

C

Where:

A

d

A - surface area of each plates

d - distance between the plate

1 Farad = 1 Coulomb/Volt

energy in its electric field. (Electro static energy)

q = Cv

C- Capacitance

v- applied voltage

drawing or supplying current as they charge

or discharge to the new voltage level.

directly proportional to the rate of change of

voltage across the capacitor.

icdt

VC

V (t 0)

C

dVC

iC C

dt

Energy

The energy stored in the capacitor is:

1 2

W Cv

2

Where: C - Capacitance

v - Voltage

The capacitor is an open circuit to DC.

The voltage on capacitor cannot change abruptly.

Waveform of the Voltage across the capacitor:

(a) is ALLOWED

( an abrupt change is not possible)

Capacitors in Series

the reciprocal of the sum of the reciprocal of the individual

capacitance.

Capacitors in Parallel

capacitors is the sum of the individual capacitance.

Problems:

1.

Problems:

2.

Problems:

3.

4.

Problems:

5.

6.

7.

Change in voltage as shown in the figure :

0V 50V between 0 sec. to 1 sec

(0<t<1)

50V (-50V) between 1 sec. to 3 sec ( 1 < t < 3 )

(-50V) 0V between 3 sec. to 4 sec ( 3 < t < 4 )

Therefore:

V(t) = mt + b

Recall that:

(a) is ALLOWED

( an abrupt change is not possible)

0V 50V between 0 sec. to 1 sec

(0<t<1)

50V (-50V) between 1 sec. to 3 sec ( 1 < t < 3 )

(-50V) 0V between 3 sec. to 4 sec ( 3 < t < 4 )

t = 1, V(t) = 50V

0<t<1

V(t) = mt + b

When t = 0, V(t) = 0V

50 = m*1 + 0

m = 50

0 = m*0 + b

Voltage equation

w/ respect to time:

b=0

V(t) = 50t

1<t<3

t = 1;

50 = m*1 + b

t = 3;

-50 = m*3 + b

m = -50

b = 100

V(t) = -50t + 100

0V 50V between 0 sec. to 1 sec

(0<t<1)

50V (-50V) between 1 sec. to 3 sec ( 1 < t < 3 )

(-50V) 0V between 3 sec. to 4 sec ( 3 < t < 4 )

3<t<4

t = 3;

-50 = m*3 + b

t = 4;

0 = m*4 + b

m = 50

b = -200

V(t) = 50t - 200

0<t<1

dt

i = 10 mA

0V 50V bet. 0 sec. to 1 sec ( 0 < t < 1 )

50V (-50V) bet. 1 sec. to 3 sec ( 1 < t < 3 )

(-50V) 0V

bet. 3 sec. to 4 sec ( 3 < t < 4 )

Inductors

Inductor

It is a passive element designed to store energy in

its magnetic field. (Electro magnetic energy)

- It is consists of coil

of conducting wires.

exhibits opposition to the change of current flowing

through it and it is measured in Henrys (H).

N A

L

l

2

- permeability of the core

A cross-sectional area

l - length

INDUCTOR oppose changes in current

through them, by dropping a voltage

directly proportional to the rate of

change of current.

di

VL L

dt

1

iL VL dt it (t 0)

L

Energy

The energy stored in the inductor is:

1 2

W Li

2

Where: L - Inductance

i - current

The inductor is a short circuit to dc.

The current through an inductor cannot change

instantaneously.

Current though an inductor:

a) Allowed

b) Not allowable

(an abrupt change is not possible)

Inductors in Series

the sum of the of the individual inductance.

Inductors in Parallel

is the reciprocal of the sum of the reciprocal individual

inductance.

Problems:

1.

Problems:

2.

3.

Problems:

4.

- Boonton Manual 190AUploaded bydynaflow
- EL0405Uploaded byapi-3825669
- NUS sampleUploaded byVũ Lê
- Electrical CircuitsUploaded byRohan Malthumkar
- 33_IIpUploaded byArham Jain
- emc.pdfUploaded byAftab Prince
- Ferro ResonanceUploaded byDoydoy Merida
- L9Uploaded byKitipong Mano
- Design of High FrequencyUploaded bySaeed
- SetA Basic ElectricalUploaded bynarun9895152299
- Good Electricity and Water AnalogyUploaded bywalyat
- 2525Uploaded byRohan Joshi
- 12Uploaded byAtul Verma
- Phy 1 (1)Uploaded byGarlapati Srinivasa Rao
- Elect.fundamentals 1Uploaded by2091979
- 05204134Uploaded byVeeraiah Boddu
- Capacitors - Electronics Questions and Answers Page 13Uploaded byKelvin Sakkari
- Engineering scienceUploaded byjohnjabaraj
- class 12 numericals phy.pdfUploaded byAkshita
- CBSE Question Paper 2009 for Class 12Uploaded byDeepesh Kumawat
- Coaxial ResonatorsUploaded byIris Shtrasler
- Automatic Induction MotorUploaded byrahulrashmi103658
- CertifiedElectrician[BROCHURE]Uploaded byadeeb
- 2011 Catalog PIC Parte30Uploaded byPaolo Rossi
- Final Present 0502Uploaded byguna8985
- el-3Uploaded byAshok Pradhan
- e.pdfUploaded byantimo
- DIGITAL REGULATED PARALLEL POWER AND CURRENT SOURCES FOR LASER DIODES DRIVINGUploaded byDimitar Todorov
- ELG4125LN32012Uploaded byramesh
- Catalogo Capacitores GEUploaded byFernando Tamayo

- Guides to randomization and etc.docxUploaded byRay Ann Ramon
- MR GMAT Sentence Correction GuideUploaded byAnil Kumar
- MR GMAT Sentence Correction GuideUploaded byAnil Kumar
- GMAT in a NutshellUploaded bylady_s
- GMAT in a NutshellUploaded bylady_s
- 20410C_03Uploaded byRay Ann Ramon
- First-Order Circuit AUploaded byRay Ann Ramon
- Multiple Choice Questions in Engineering Mathematics by Diego Inocencio t. GillesaniaUploaded byJeric Ponteras
- Ect SyllabiUploaded byErika Herrera

- Nmo Sp Mos CharacteristicsUploaded byceferinotan
- question paperUploaded byWind Flower
- AliasingUploaded byManuel Bouzas
- 40SL733Uploaded byOzan Cumhur
- Level Practices (Part 1)Uploaded bytaniapaloma
- 5 Channels 2 Octave Graphic Equaliser by 4558 _ EleccircuitUploaded byDaniel Avecilla
- EE204 Digital electrncs n logic design (1) (1).pdfUploaded bysaniljayamohan
- SV8100 Features & Specifications Manual 5a696b55 Daf2 45ea a33d 727de2a753bc 0Uploaded byDayalan Vino
- CBE6030LUploaded bygdiliog
- 3BDD010425R0201_A_en_S900_I_O_Analog_I_O_Modules_(HART)_AI930_AI931_AO930Uploaded byilke HAN
- k2601_enUploaded byRobert Masa
- Tda 8177Uploaded bydinspek
- SierraWireless AirPrime MC Series DatasheetUploaded byAndres Merchan
- APC SmartUps 1500 Rm 2U Users ManualUploaded byMirko Rajic
- EVO-278-ENUploaded bySergio Denis Uria
- S3C6410 Product Tech Brief (PTB) v1.1_070624Uploaded byhackwerk
- Gsa Lte Ecosystem Report 200112Uploaded byButti Bushlaibi
- Double Nested MillerUploaded bytrainspottingg
- DSE550-Data-Sheet.pdfUploaded byjul
- Computer Fundamentals(Ques)Uploaded byAnurag Goel
- OscilloPhone-Use-your-Smartphone-as-an-Oscilloscop.pdfUploaded byRodolfoPerezEscalona
- How WiFi WorksUploaded byNitin Goti
- Dynamic Safety Message Power Control in VANET Using PSOUploaded byWorld of Computer Science and Information Technology Journal
- Connect Your PSP to Your Wireless RouterUploaded bycathychan
- MyAir Installation Manual V1.2Uploaded bypkchew
- OpenBTS Development Kit ManualUploaded byamos007ng1593
- LG 50PC55 User ManualUploaded byxldoce4504
- 50-60-HZUploaded byRizqi Hidayat
- SEMICONDUCTORSUploaded byImmanuel Rathinakumar
- roadmtechnologiesforflexible-tbitsecopticalnetworks-140619100907-phpapp01.pdfUploaded byEhsan Rohani