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Construction project management (2711401)

201516

SITARAMBHAI NARANJI PATEL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


AND RESEARCH CENTRE
M.E. Construction Engineering & Management
Subject Name: Construction Techniques

Subject Code: 2711402

A REPORT ON BAHRAIN WORLD TRADE CENTER


Bahrain World Trade centre become first building in the world to
incorporate large-scale wind turbines onto a building.
General information:Location: Manama, Bahrain
Coordinates: 261421N 503453E
Status: Complete
Ground breaking: 2004
Opening: 2008
Use: Commercial
Height: Antenna or spire 240 m (787 ft)
Technical details
Floor count: 50
Elevators: 4
Cost USD $ 150 million
Companies involved
Architects: Atkins
Contractor: Nass, Murray & Roberts
Total Area: 120000 m2
Total Height: 240 metres
Total number of floors: 42(office floors) + 3(shopping mall) +1(basement car
parking)
S.N.P.I.T & RC-UMRAKH
TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

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GUJARAT

Construction project management (2711401)

201516

About the World Trade Center:


With unique vision and a thriving business and social culture, The
Kingdom of Bahrain offers a world class destination and an array of
opportunities for companies, visitors and residents around the globe.
The Bahrain World Trade Center is a symbol of achievement and a
reflection of momentum behind the regions fast growing economy.
Its innovative design combines the essential elements of lifestyle and
business to create a powerful emblem of aspiration and accomplishment.
The Bahrain World Trade Center is more than its landmark commercial
towers, offering amenities such as an exceptional shopping and dining
environment, a five star hotel and sophisticated office accommodation.
The Bahrain World Trade Center is an extension to the existing Sheraton
Hotel complex and comprises two 50-storey sail-shaped commercial
office towers, which taper to a height of 240m and support three 29m
diameter horizontal-axis wind turbines. The towers are integrated on top
of a three-storey podium which accommodates a new boutique shopping
centre, fine dining, business centre and car parking.
Structural details:
The two towers are linked via three sky bridges, each holding a 225KW wind
turbine, totalling to 675kW of wind power production. Each of these turbines
measure 29 m (95 ft.) in diameter, and is aligned north, which is the direction
from which air from the Persian Gulf blows in. The sail-shaped buildings on
either side are designed to funnel wind through the gap to provide accelerated
wind passing through the turbines. This was confirmed by wind tunnel tests,
which showed that the buildings create an S-shaped flow, ensuring that any
wind coming within a 45 angle to either side of the central axis will create a
wind stream that remains perpendicular to the turbines. This significantly
increases their potential to generate electricity.
The wind turbines are expected to provide 11% to 15% of the towers' total
power consumption, or approximately 1.1 to 1.3 GWh(Greenwich hour angle) a
year. This is equivalent to providing the lighting for about 300 homes annually.
S.N.P.I.T & RC-UMRAKH
TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

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GUJARAT

Construction project management (2711401)

201516

The three turbines were turned on for the first time on the 8th of April, 2008.
They are expected to operate 50% of the time on an average day.
SMART features of world trade center:
High speed broadband internet access with IP telephony and wireless,
unified messaging on a single converged voice-data-video network.
Advanced security systems with intelligent secured access, protection,
surveillance, warning and responses.
Intelligent lighting control enabling architectural lighting and energy
management.
District cooling system provides a cost effective environmentally friendly
alternative to traditional air conditioning systems
Exceptional management systems to reduce costs, and deliver one bill to
occupants that include rent, energy and technology (ICT) services.
PROBLEM IN CONSTRUCTION:
There are 2 main problems:
1. Need of continuous wind energy and orientation:
The blades of the turbines could not orient itself for the change
directions due to its stable position.
2. The position of turbine:
The highest level of the turbine may ware out working more
than the others due to increasing wind velocity with height.
SOLUTION:
1. The buildings shape and position is designed to direct wind toward the
turbines in order to create greater wind speed.
Funnelling the onshore wind between them and creating a
negative pressure zone behind.
Passing between towers:
Wind routes S-like direction
Accelerates 20% of the speed.
2. The vertical tapering of the towers influences airflow dynamics and
encourage a near equal distribution on all three turbines with height.
It allows the turbines to rotate at same speed and generate the
same energy.
S.N.P.I.T & RC-UMRAKH
TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

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GUJARAT

Construction project management (2711401)

Images of world trade centre:

S.N.P.I.T & RC-UMRAKH


TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

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GUJARAT

201516

Construction project management (2711401)

S.N.P.I.T & RC-UMRAKH


TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

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GUJARAT

201516

Construction project management (2711401)

S.N.P.I.T & RC-UMRAKH


TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

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GUJARAT

201516