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Che 342 Practice Prob Vi

Che 342 Practice Prob Vi

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ChE342

1.

Consider a hot automotive engine, which can be approximated as a 0.5-mhigh, 0.40-m-wide, and 0.8-m-long rectangular block. The bottom surface of

the block is at a temperature of 100oC and has an emissivity of 0.95. The

ambient air is at 20oC, and the road surface is at 25oC. What is the rate of

heat transfer from the bottom surface of the engine block by convection and

radiation as the car travels at a velocity of 80 km/h. Assume the flow to be

turbulent over the entire surface because of the constant agitation of the

engine block. (1786 W, 198 W, 1984 W)

2.

Air at 1 atm is flowing in parallel over a 3-mlong flat plate with a velocity of 7

m/s. The air has a free stream temperature of 120oC and the surface

temperature of the plate is maintained at 20oC. Calculate the distance x from

the leading edge of the plate where the critical Reynolds number (Recr= 5 x

105) is reached. Then, using any software, evaluate the local convection heat

transfer coefficient along the plate. By varying the location along the plate

for 0.2 x 3 m, plot the local convection heat transfer coefficient as a

function of x, and discuss the results.

3.

velocity of 5 m/s, while the coating on the upper surface is being cured by

infrared lamps. The coating on

the upper surface of the metal strip has an absorptivity of 0.6 and an

emissivity of 0.7, while the surrounding ambient air temperature is 25oC.

Radiation heat transfer occurs only on the upper surface, while convection

heat transfer occurs on both upper and lower surfaces of the sheet metal. If

the infrared lamps supply a constant heat flux of 5000 W/m2, determine the

surface temperature of the sheet metal. Evaluate the properties of air at

80oC. (138oC)

4.

The outer surface of an engine is situated in a place where oil leakage can

occur. When leaked oil comes in contact with a hot surface that has a

temperature above its autoignition temperature, the oil can ignite

spontaneously. Consider an engine cover that is made of a stainless steel

plate with a thickness of 1 cm and a thermal conductivity of 14 W/mK. The

inner surface of the engine cover is exposed to hot air with a convection heat

transfer coefficient of 7 W/m2.K at a temperature of 333oC. The engine outer

surface is cooled by air blowing in parallel over the 2-m-long surface at 7.1

m/s, in an environment where the ambient air is at 60oC. To prevent fire

hazard in the event of oil leak on the engine cover, a layer of thermal barrier

coating (TBC) with a thermal conductivity of 1.1 W/m.K is applied on the

engine cover outer surface. Would a TBC layer with a thickness of 4 mm in

conjunction with 7.1 m/s air cooling be sufficient to keep the engine cover

surface from going above 180oC to prevent fire hazard? Evaluate the air

properties at 120oC (Yes, since the temp is 179.7oC)

5.

. A 15-cm x 15-cm circuit board dissipating 20 W of power uniformly is cooled

by air, which approaches the circuit board at 20o C with a velocity of 6 m/s.

Disregarding any heat transfer from the back surface of the board, determine

the surface temperature of the electronic components (a) at the leading

edge and (b) at the end of the board. Assume the flow to be turbulent since

the electronic components are expected to

act as turbulators. For air properties evaluations assume a film temperature

of 35oC. Is this a good assumption? (49.9oC)

6.

A long 8-cm-diameter steam pipe whose external surface temperature is

90oC passes through some open area that is not protected against the winds.

What is the rate of heat loss from the pipe per unit of its length when the air

is at 1 atm pressure and 7oC and the wind is blowing across the pipe at a

velocity of 50 km/h ( 1130 W).

7.

Consider a person who is trying to keep cool on a hot summer day by turning

a fan on and exposing his entire body to air flow. The air temperature is 85oF

and the fan is blowing air at a velocity of 6 ft/s. If the person is doing light

work and generating sensible heat at a rate of 300 Btu/h, determine the

average temperature of the outer surface (skin or clothing) of the person.

The average human body can be treated as a 1-ft-diameter cylinder with an

exposed surface area of 18 ft2. Disregard any heat transfer by radiation.

What would your answer be if the air velocity were doubled? Evaluate the air

properties at 100oF. (95,1oF; ; 91.6oF)

.

8.

. During a plant visit, it was noticed that a 12-m-long section of a 10-cmdiameter steam pipe is completely exposed to the ambient air. The

temperature measurements indicate that the average temperature of the

outer surface of the steam pipe is 75oC when the ambient temperature is

5oC. There are also light winds in the area at 10 km/h. The emissivity of the

outer surface of the pipe is 0.8, and the average temperature of the

surfaces surrounding the pipe, including the sky, is estimated to be 0oC.

Determine the amount of heat lost from the steam during a 10-h-long work

of 80 percent, and the plant pays $1.05/therm of natural gas. If the pipe is

insulated and 90 percent of the heat loss is saved, determine the amount of

money this facility will save a year as a result of insulating the steam pipes.

Assume the plant operates every day of the year for 10 h. State your

assumptions (8.618 x 107 kJ/yr; $965)

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